WO2005041606A1 - A method and a device for reducing impact of interference on a control channel - Google Patents

A method and a device for reducing impact of interference on a control channel

Info

Publication number
WO2005041606A1
WO2005041606A1 PCT/EP2004/051692 EP2004051692W WO2005041606A1 WO 2005041606 A1 WO2005041606 A1 WO 2005041606A1 EP 2004051692 W EP2004051692 W EP 2004051692W WO 2005041606 A1 WO2005041606 A1 WO 2005041606A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
control
channel
communication
channels
wireless
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2004/051692
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Danny Zadok
Oren Peled
Mark Shahaf
Original Assignee
Motorola Inc
Motorola Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04KSECRET COMMUNICATION; JAMMING OF COMMUNICATION
    • H04K3/00Jamming of communication; Counter-measures
    • H04K3/20Countermeasures against jamming
    • H04K3/22Countermeasures against jamming including jamming detection and monitoring
    • H04K3/224Countermeasures against jamming including jamming detection and monitoring with countermeasures at transmission and/or reception of the jammed signal, e.g. stopping operation of transmitter or receiver, nulling or enhancing transmitted power in direction of or at frequency of jammer
    • H04K3/226Selection of non-jammed channel for communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/08Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04KSECRET COMMUNICATION; JAMMING OF COMMUNICATION
    • H04K2203/00Jamming of communication; Countermeasures
    • H04K2203/10Jamming or countermeasure used for a particular application
    • H04K2203/16Jamming or countermeasure used for a particular application for telephony
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • H04W24/04Arrangements for maintaining operational condition
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/08Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on quality criteria
    • H04W72/082Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on quality criteria using the level of interference

Abstract

A method of reducing impact of interference on a first control channel in a digital wireless communication system comprising a backup control channel, wherein the first control channel is being replicated (104) into plurality of control channels and a wireless communication unit operating on the first control channel switches (118) to one of the replicated control channels.

Description

A METHOD AND A DEVICE FOR REDUCING IMPACT OF INTERFERENCE ON A CONTROL CHANNEL

Field of the Invention The present invention relates to wireless communication systems, in general, and reducing impact of interference on a control channel, in particular.

Background of the Invention Wireless telecommunication systems provide voice and data transmission from places where communication based on Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) or other wired networks is not possible. Quality of comrtiunication link in radio transmission can be affected by interference and jamming. It is important to highlight that the term "jamming" is used in situations where an interfering signal is generated intentionally and for unintentional signals the same phenomenon is called interference. However in both situations the physical phenomenon is the same and is known as interference, thus each time herein below when the term "interference" is used it covers both intentional and unintentional signals that cause interference unless otherwise stated. For systems operating in trunking mode, with a base station serving in one cell the interference on the main control channel might make the cell unusable to legitimate subscribers' wireless communication units.

The impact of the interference on a control channel frequency can be reduced in such a way that the cell shall still remain operational and continue the expected service, with a possible reduction in capacity efficiency of the cell. The term a "jamming device'" herein below refers to a transmitter that intentionally transmits radio waves (interferences) at the same frequency which system transmitters (mobile and base station) work on. That signal corrupts some of data exchanged between the wireless communication unit and the base station (BS) , and makes it impossible for these terminals to decode the information.

A jamming device might make a whole cell useless by generating an interfering signal on that control channel. Once it happens, all the wireless communication units that are camped on that control channel and listen to the broadcast on that channel, lose the connection to the BS, and leave the cell. The jamming signal is considered to be generated on either downlink or uplink frequencies of a main carrier to corrupt the received information to the wireless communication units or BSs. If the interference source succeeds in this, the entire cell would be useless to the subscribers using the wireless communication units. Jamming of downlink signalling is easier due to the fact that the downlink signal is always present and therefore is more vulnerable to analysis and selective attack.

There is known in the prior art a solution to the problem of jamming and interference defined in a standard for TErrestrial Trunked RAdio (TETRA) system, as defined by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) . A primary focus for TETRA equipment is the emergency services, as TETRA provides a dispatch and control operation. Each wireless communication unit is able to transmit and receive control, voice and data information. The system infrastructure in a TETRA system is generally referred to as a switching and management infrastructure (SWMI), which substantially contains all of the system elements apart from the wireless communication units.

A backup control channel as defined in the TETRA standard, replaces the main control channel, once the main control channel goes off. A jamming device which is capable of jamming the control channel, may switch to the backup channel and to jam it as well once it detects that the SWMI has switched to the backup. There is no need to a more powerful jamming device for that. Besides, the wireless communication units are always on the same channel, so all of them are affected, by jamming a single channel.

Summary of the Invention There is a need for a method of reducing the impact of an interference of a control channel and for a wireless communication unit and base transceiver station which are able to operate according to the method and which alleviate or overcome the disadvantages of the prior art. According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of reducing the impact of interference on a control channel as claimed in claim 1. According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a wireless communication unit as claimed in claim 12. According to a third aspect of the present invention there is provided a base transceiver station as claimed in claim 19. The present invention beneficially allows for minimizing the effect of interference by the fact that the communication devices are distributed over different control channels and jamming one of the channel affects only part of the wireless communication units operating in the cell. As there are other control channels the wireless communication units from the jammed or affected by interference control channel can switch to another one. Jamming of all control channels is difficult as it requires more powerful jamming device. To jam all the control channels the jamming device needs N times power, assuming that there are N control channels.

Brief description of the drawings The present invention will be understood and appreciated more fully from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a flow chart illustrating a method of reducing impact of jamming of a control channel in one embodiment of the present invention,

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a mobile station in one embodiment of the present invention.

Detailed description of an embodiment of the invention Referring to FIG. 1 one embodiment of a method of reducing impact of interference on a control channel according to the present invention is shown. The impact of interference on a control channel is reduced by replication 104 of the first control channel into plurality of control channels and switching communication devices to the replicated control channels. Each of these replicated control channels comprises exactly the same downlink information as the first control channel. The first control channel is replicated after detection 102 of interference on the first control channel. Once the base transceiver station detects the interference the replication is performed by the base transceiver station. When the first control channel is replicated a base transceiver station transmits 106 over a broadcast control channel a list of available, replicated, control channels.

When the information transmitted 106 over the broadcast control channel is received by the communication device said information is further decoded and stored 108 in a form of a list of the available control channels in a memory of said wireless communication unit. The list is dynamically updated as the base transceiver station transmits the new lists with available control channels. Some of the control channels can be closed 124 due to necessity of allocation of bandwidth to other services.

To provide good quality of service, in one embodiment, if said list of available control channels contains more than one control channel the communication device measures quality 110 of the available control channels. In one embodiment the measure of quality can be a ratio of good packets to bad packets received on the control channel by the communication device . However for those skilled in the art it is clear that other methods of measuring quality could also be applied. As the result of measuring of the quality of the control channels they are being prioritized according to their quality 112 and the ones with the quality below a predefined value are not selected by the wireless communication unit 114 for switching. The communication device switches 118 to one of the control channels with quality equal or above the predefined control level .

In one embodiment the wireless communication unit switches 118 to one of the replicated control channels after predefined period of time of operation on a current control channel 126, 128. Selection of the control channel for switching 118 is done randomly. Random selection has the advantage that the communication devices are equally distributed over the control channels and additionally makes jamming more difficult as it is not possible to predict on which control channel operates and will operate particular communication device. However switching to other control channels according to a predefined pattern is also possible.

If the jamming device continues its operation also on the replicated control channels or interference appears on any of the replicated control channels the wireless communication units operating on the control channel affected by the interference switch to other of the replicated control channels when the interference is detected on their current control channel. The wireless communication unit always switches to other control channel once it detects interference on its current control channel.

In one embodiment the replicated control channels are closed and their bandwidth is freed for other services if the interference or jamming signal disappeared.

In one embodiment the base transceiver station transmits the information on the available control channels in repetitions and for the repetitions different broadcast control channels are used.

With reference to Fig. 2 an embodiment of a wireless communication unit 200, which is capable to operate according to the above described method is shown. The wireless communication unit 200 comprises an antenna 206, a Radio Frequency (RF) switch 204 and a receiver section 208, which together form a receiver circuitry. A transmitter section 202, the RF switch 204 and the antenna 206 form together a transmitter circuitry. A signal processor 210 is operably coupled to the receiver and/or transmitter circuitries as well as to a memory 212. The communication device comprises also an audio output section 224 and 226 as well as a microphone 220. A keypad 216 and a display 218 form a user interface that allows controlling the communication device 200. In operation, when the base transceiver station transmits over the broadcast control channel information on available, replicated, control channels, the receiving circuitry and the signal processor 210 receives and decodes that information and stores in a form of a table in the memory 212. The communication device 200 switches the current control channel to one of the replicated control channels.

The wireless communication unit 200 switches to one of the replicated channels after predefined period of time of operation on a current control channel. Selection of the control channel to switch is performed in a random manner. However in alternative embodiment the control channel to switch is selected in accordance with a predefined pattern.

In one embodiment the signal processor 210 of the communication device 200 calculates a ratio of good packets to bad packets received on each of the control channels. The calculated ratio is a measure of quality of each of the control channels and is used for prioritization of the control channels. The control channels with the quality measure below a predefined value are not selected for switching.

It is obvious for those skilled in the art that the embodiments described above may be equally used for reducing impact of both unintentional and intentional (jamming) interference.

It is worth to emphasize that the information on all control channels is identical, and a wireless communication unit may switch from one control channel to another without missing any broadcast information. In one embodiment of the present invention, the wireless communication unit switches to a control channel for a predefined period of time, and then picks up another control channel randomly from the pool of the available control channels in the cell, and switches over. This mechanism also overcomes a smart jamming device that tries to chase after a specific wireless communication unit.

What is also worth to emphasize is that the present invention allows for dynamic change of number of control channels depending on the available bandwidth. If there is a free bandwidth in the cell it can be used for the replicated control channel. If there is a plurality of control channels in the cell and there is a demand for a bandwidth, some of the control channels can be closed and the bandwidth can be made available for other services.

In case of a cell with multiple control channel the wireless communication units that operate on the jammed control channel are affected, but the ones that listening to the other control channel are getting full service from the base transceiver station.

Claims

Claims
1. A method of reducing the impact of interference on a first control channel in a digital wireless communication system having a backup control channel, said method being characterized in that the first control channel is replicated (104) into a plurality of control channels when the interference on the first control channel is detected (102) and wireless communication units operating on the first control channel switch (118) to different control channels of the replicated control channels.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the wireless communication unit switches to one of the replicated control channels when the interference is detected on the control channel on which the wireless communication unit currently operates.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the wireless communication unit switches (118) to one of the replicated control channels after a predefined period of time of operation on a current control channel (126, 128) .
4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein each of said replicated control channels delivers exactly the same downlink information.
5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein information about available control channels is transmitted (106) over a broadcast control channel.
6. The method according to claim 5, wherein said information transmitted over the broadcast control channel is further decoded and stored (108) in the form of a list of the available control channels in a memory of said wireless communication unit.
7. The method according to claim 6, wherein if said list contains more than one control channel, the control channels are prioritized according to their quality (112) and the ones with the quality below a predefined value are not selected by the wireless communication unit (114) .
8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the wireless communication unit continuously monitors the quality (110) of the control channels and scores the quality based upon a ratio of good packets to bad packets received.
9. The method according to any one of preceding claims, wherein said wireless communication unit switches (118) from one control channel to another control channel in a random manner.
10. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein said wireless communication unit switches (118) from one control channel to another control channel in accordance with a predefined pattern.
11. The method according to any one of preceding claims, wherein all the communication devices switch back to one control channel and the remaining, replicated, control channels are closed (124) when the interference disappeared.
12. A wireless communication unit (200) comprising a receiver circuitry (206, 204, 208), a transmitter circuitry (202, 204, 206) and a signal processor (210) operably coupled to the receiver (206, 204, 208) and/or transmitter (202, 204, 206) circuitries as well as a memory (212) coupled to the signal processor (210) , the wireless communication unit (200) characterised in that the receiving circuitry (206, 204, 208) and the signal processor (210) are adapted to receive and decode information about replicated control channels and store the information in a form of a table in the memory (212) and to switch the current control channel to one of the replicated control channels based on data stored in the memory (212) .
13. The wireless communication unit according to claim
12 adapted to switch to one of the replicated control channels upon detection of interference on the current control channel.
14. The wireless communication unit according to claim
13 adapted detect interference on its current control channel.
15. The wireless communication unit according to claim 12 adapted to switch to one of the replicated channels after predefined period of time of operation on a current control channel.
16. The wireless communication unit according to any one of claims 12 - 15, wherein the signal processor is adapted to calculate a ratio of good packets to bad packets received on each of the control channels.
17. The wireless communication unit according to any one of claims 12 - 15, wherein said signal processor is adapted to switch the operation from one control channel to another randomly selected control channel.
18. The wireless communication unit according to any one of claims 12 - 15, wherein said signal processor is adapted to switch the operation from one control channel to another control channel in accordance with a predefined pattern.
19. A base transceiver station for use in a digital wireless radio communication system providing communication between a wireless communication unit and a serving one of a plurality of base transceiver stations each defining a cell of the system, the base transceiver station being characterized in that it is operable to replicate a first control channel into a plurality of control channels and to transmit information about the replicated control channels over a broadcast control channel.
20. The base transceiver station according to claim 19 adapted to transmit exactly the same downlink information over each of the replicated control channels.
21. The base transceiver station according to claim 19 adapted to transmit repeatedly over more than one broadcast control channel the information about the replicated control channels, wherein on each repetition different broadcast control channel is used.
22. The base transceiver station according to claim 19 adapted to replicate the first control channel when interference on the first control channel is detected.
23. The base transceiver station according to claim 22 adapted to detect interference on the control channel.
PCT/EP2004/051692 2003-10-22 2004-08-02 A method and a device for reducing impact of interference on a control channel WO2005041606A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0324625.3 2003-10-22
GB0324625A GB2407455B (en) 2003-10-22 2003-10-22 A method and a device for reducing impact of interference on a control channel

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20040766399 EP1680937A1 (en) 2003-10-22 2004-08-02 A method and a device for reducing impact of interference on a control channel
CA 2541818 CA2541818A1 (en) 2003-10-22 2004-08-02 A method and a device for reducing impact of interference on a control channel

Publications (1)

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Country Status (6)

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EP (1) EP1680937A1 (en)
KR (1) KR100827944B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1868234A (en)
CA (1) CA2541818A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2407455B (en)
WO (1) WO2005041606A1 (en)

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KR101480550B1 (en) * 2008-03-26 2015-01-20 엘지전자 주식회사 Method for Performing Intercell Interference Coordination
US8982825B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2015-03-17 Motorola Solutions, Inc. Method and device to support site activation using a hailing channel

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US8611847B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2013-12-17 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for detecting communication interference
US8884821B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2014-11-11 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for determining vehicle location
US8320872B2 (en) * 2009-12-21 2012-11-27 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for broadcasting the detection of RF jammer presence
US8639209B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2014-01-28 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for detecting a cloned base station
US8159336B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2012-04-17 Continental Automotive Systems Us, Inc. Apparatus and method for maintaining communication with a stolen vehicle tracking device
US9102293B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2015-08-11 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for reducing false alarms in stolen vehicle tracking
US8175573B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2012-05-08 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for maintaining communications with a vehicle in the presence of jamming
US8896431B2 (en) 2009-12-21 2014-11-25 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for compromised vehicle tracking
CN102437886A (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-05-02 上海移为通信技术有限公司 Method for detecting man-made interference
US9031538B2 (en) 2012-02-16 2015-05-12 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus to determine if a cellular jamming signal is malicious or non-malicious based on received signal strength

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KR101480550B1 (en) * 2008-03-26 2015-01-20 엘지전자 주식회사 Method for Performing Intercell Interference Coordination
WO2011112681A1 (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for sending control information with enhanced coverage in a wireless network
CN102884854A (en) * 2010-03-09 2013-01-16 高通股份有限公司 Method and apparatus for sending control information with enhanced coverage in a wireless network
JP2013522964A (en) * 2010-03-09 2013-06-13 クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッドQualcomm Incorporated In a wireless network, using an expanded coverage, a method and apparatus for transmitting control information
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CN102884854B (en) * 2010-03-09 2016-06-15 高通股份有限公司 Having a method and apparatus for transmitting control information in an enhanced coverage in a wireless network
US8982825B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2015-03-17 Motorola Solutions, Inc. Method and device to support site activation using a hailing channel

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
KR20060073640A (en) 2006-06-28 application
KR100827944B1 (en) 2008-05-13 grant
EP1680937A1 (en) 2006-07-19 application
GB0324625D0 (en) 2003-11-26 grant
GB2407455B (en) 2006-08-23 grant
CA2541818A1 (en) 2005-05-06 application
GB2407455A (en) 2005-04-27 application
CN1868234A (en) 2006-11-22 application

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