WO2002022089A1 - Concentrated conditioning composition - Google Patents

Concentrated conditioning composition

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Publication number
WO2002022089A1
WO2002022089A1 PCT/US2000/024973 US0024973W WO0222089A1 WO 2002022089 A1 WO2002022089 A1 WO 2002022089A1 US 0024973 W US0024973 W US 0024973W WO 0222089 A1 WO0222089 A1 WO 0222089A1
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WO
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
water
conditioning
composition
acid
hair
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2000/024973
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Natsumi Komure
Michael Albert Snyder
Louise Gail Scott
Kazuharu Ito
Chris David Leahy
Seiichi Ido
Ryoko Fukurawa
Bruce Russell Cox
Original Assignee
The Procter & Gamble Company
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q5/00Preparations for care of the hair
    • A61Q5/12Preparations containing hair conditioners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/40Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • A61K8/41Amines
    • A61K8/416Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/55Phosphorus compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/73Polysaccharides
    • A61K8/731Cellulose; Quaternized cellulose derivatives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/81Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions involving only carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • A61K8/817Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen; Compositions or derivatives of such polymers, e.g. vinylimidazol, vinylcaprolactame, allylamines (Polyquaternium 6)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/84Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions otherwise than those involving only carbon-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • A61K8/86Polyethers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/84Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions otherwise than those involving only carbon-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • A61K8/89Polysiloxanes
    • A61K8/891Polysiloxanes saturated, e.g. dimethicone, phenyl trimethicone, C24-C28 methicone or stearyl dimethicone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/84Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions otherwise than those involving only carbon-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • A61K8/89Polysiloxanes
    • A61K8/896Polysiloxanes containing atoms other than silicon, carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, e.g. dimethicone copolyol phosphate
    • A61K8/898Polysiloxanes containing atoms other than silicon, carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, e.g. dimethicone copolyol phosphate containing nitrogen, e.g. amodimethicone, trimethyl silyl amodimethicone or dimethicone propyl PG-betaine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/20Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of the composition as a whole
    • A61K2800/22Gas releasing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/20Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of the composition as a whole
    • A61K2800/26Optical properties
    • A61K2800/262Transparent; Translucent
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/40Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of particular ingredients
    • A61K2800/54Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties
    • A61K2800/542Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties characterized by the charge
    • A61K2800/5426Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties characterized by the charge cationic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/80Process related aspects concerning the preparation of the cosmetic composition or the storage or application thereof
    • A61K2800/87Application Devices; Containers; Packaging
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/80Process related aspects concerning the preparation of the cosmetic composition or the storage or application thereof
    • A61K2800/88Two- or multipart kits

Abstract

Disclosed is a hair conditioning composition for preparing a treated water for applying to the hair; the treated water prepared by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition, the composition comprising 0.01 % to 100 % by weight of a conditioning agent selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, silicone compounds, and mixtures thereof. Further disclosed is a method of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of: (a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; (b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to about 2 % of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and (c) rinsing the hair with the treated water; wherein steps (a) and (b) may be reversed. Still further disclosed is a method of purifying water for applying to the hair comprising the step of adding a flocculent system or a rinse aid system to the water.

Description

CONCENTRATED CONDITIONING COMPOSITION

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to concentrated conditioning compositions which deliver conditioning benefit to the hair by dissolving or dispersing the composition to the rinse water and rinsing the shampooed hair with such treated rinse water.

BACKGROUND Human hair becomes soiled due to its contact with the surrounding environment and from the sebum secreted by the scalp. The soiling of hair causes it to have a dirty feel and an unattractive appearance. The soiling of the hair necessitates shampooing with frequent regularity.

Shampooing cleans the hair by removing excess soil and sebum. However, shampooing can leave the hair in a wet, tangled, and generally unmanageable state. Once the hair dries, it is often left in a dry, rough, lusterless, or frizzy condition due to removal of the hair's natural oils and other natural conditioning and moisturizing components. The hair can further be left with increased levels of static upon drying, which can interfere with combing and result in a condition commonly referred to as "fly-away hair", or contribute to an undesirable phenomena of "split ends", particularly for long hair.

A variety of approaches have been developed to alleviate these after- shampoo problems. These approaches range from post-shampoo application of hair conditioners such as leave-on and rinse-off products, to hair conditioning shampoos which attempt to both clean and condition the hair from a single product. Although some consumers prefer the ease and convenience of a shampoo which includes conditioners, a substantial proportion of consumers prefer the more conventional conditioner formulations which are applied to the hair as a separate step from shampooing, usually subsequent to shampooing. The conditioning formulations thus applied to the hair would then typically be rinsed off from the hair, and the hair would be left to dry.

Some consumers desire not to go through the extra step of applying and rinsing off another product subsequent to shampooing the hair. In locations where water supply is unstable, or lacking infrastructure, there is a desire to provide conditioning benefit to the hair without extra use of water for rinsing off another product. Further, in such locations, there is a need to provide suitable methods of conditioning the hair without the use of a shower but with, for example, a basin. Still further, in such locations, there is a need to provide purified water for applying to the hair. Based on the foregoing, there remains a desire to provide hair conditioning compositions which provide conditioning benefits without using water excess to the amount that would be used for shampooing the hair. There is also a desire to provide such hair conditioning compositions in a form which readily dissolves or disperses in water. There is also a desire to provide purified water for applying to the hair in a convenient manner.

None of the existing art provides all of the advantages and benefits of the present invention.

SUMMARY The present invention is directed to a hair conditioning composition for preparing a treated water for applying to the hair; the treated water prepared by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition, the composition comprising 0.01 % to 100% by weight of a conditioning agent selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, silicone compounds, and mixtures thereof.

The present invention is also directed to a method of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of;

(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; (b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and (c) rinsing the hair with the treated water; wherein steps (a) and (b) may be reversed.

The present invention is also directed to a method of purifying water for applying to the hair comprising the step of adding a flocculent system or a rinse aid system to the water.

These and other features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become evident to those skilled in the art from a reading of the present disclosure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURE

While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the invention, it is believed that the present invention will be better understood from the following description of preferred, nonlimiting embodiments and representations taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a bottom view of a preferred embodiment of the multiple compartment package of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a cross section view of a preferred embodiment of the multiple compartment package of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is an exploded cross-section view of the preferred embodiment of the hand held container of the present invention. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the preferred embodiment of the hand held container of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

While the specification concludes with claims which particularly point out and distinctly claim the invention, it is believed the present invention will be better understood from the following description.

All cited references are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties. Citation of any reference is not an admission regarding any determination as to its availability as prior art to the claimed invention. Herein, "comprising" means that other steps and other ingredients which do not affect the end result can be added. This term encompasses the terms "consisting of and "consisting essentially of.

All percentages, parts and ratios are based upon the total weight of the compositions of the present invention, unless otherwise specified. All such weights as they pertain to listed ingredients are based on the active level and, therefore, do not include carriers or by-products that may be included in commercially available materials. CONDITIONING AGENT The conditioning agents useful in the present invention are those which can be dissolved and/or dispersed in water, and are selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, silicone compounds, and mixtures thereof. The type of conditioning agents are selected depending on the desired characteristics of the product. The conditioning agents useful herein range from those which are highly water soluble to those which are sparingly water soluble. Conditioning agents which are less water soluble are also useful herein. Such conditioning agents can be dispersed within the composition or upon use with the aid of carrier material, as described below, or provided in the conditioning composition in the form of a premixed emulsion. Highly water soluble conditioning agents are useful, for example, for conditioning compositions further comprising a flocculent system, as described below. A combination of conditioning agents is preferably used to provide benefits provided by the different conditioning agents.

The present composition comprises 0.01 % to 100% of conditioning agents. The level is selected according to the form in which the product is provided and to the desired concentration of the treated water to be made and applied to the hair. Product forms are described in detail below. Cationic Surfactant

Cationic surfactants are useful as conditioning agents herein. Among the cationic surfactants useful herein are those corresponding to the general formula (I):

wherein at least one of R1 , R2, R3> and R^ is selected from an aliphatic group of from 8 to 30 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 22 carbon atoms, the remainder of R1 , R2, R3, and R4 are independently selected from an aliphatic group of from 1 to about 22 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 22 carbon atoms; and X is a salt-forming anion such as those selected from halogen, (e.g. chloride, bromide), acetate, citrate, lactate, glycolate, phosphate, nitrate, sulfonate, sulfate, alkylsulfate, and alkyl sulfonate radicals. The aliphatic groups can contain, in addition to carbon and hydrogen atoms, ether linkages, and other groups such as amino groups. The longer chain aliphatic groups, e.g., those of about 12 carbons, or higher, can be saturated or unsaturated. Preferred is when R R2, R3, and R^ are independently selected from C-| to about C22 a'kyl- Nonlimiting examples of cationic surfactants useful in the present invention include the materials having the following CTFA designations: quaternium-8, quaternium-14, quatemium-18, quaternium-18 methosulfate, quaternium-24, and mixtures thereof.

Among the cationic surfactants of general formula (I), preferred are those containing in the molecule at least one alkyl chain having at least 16 carbons. Nonlimiting examples of such preferred cationic surfactants include: behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride available, for example, with tradename INCROQUAT TMC-80 from Croda and ECONOL TM22 from Sanyo Kasei; cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride available, for example, with tradename CA-2350 from Nikko Chemicals, hydrogenated tallow alkyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, dialkyl (14-18) dimethyl ammonium chloride, ditallow alkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, dihydrogenated tallow alkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, distearyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, dicetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, di(behenyl/arachidyl) dimethyl ammonium chloride, dibehenyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, stearyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, stearyl propyleneglycol phosphate dimethyl ammonium chloride, stearoyl amidopropyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, stearoyl amidopropyl dimethyl (myristylacetate) ammonium chloride, and N-(stearoyl colamino formyl methy) pyridinium chloride.

Also preferred are hydrophilically substituted cationic surfactants in which at least one of the substituents contain one or more aromatic, ether, ester, amido, or amino moieties present as substituents or as linkages in the radical chain, wherein at least one of the R^ - R4 radicals contain one or more hydrophilic moieties selected from alkoxy (preferably C-i - C3 alkoxy), polyoxyalkylene (preferably C-j - C3 polyoxyalkylene), alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, alkylester, and combinations thereof. Preferably, the hydrophilically substituted cationic conditioning surfactant contains from 2 to about 10 nonionic hydrophile moieties located within the above stated ranges. Preferred hydrophilically substituted cationic surfactants include those of the formula (II) through (VIII) below:

wherein n is from 8 to about 28, x+y is from 2 to about 40, Z^ is a short chain alkyl, preferably a C-j - C3 alkyl, more preferably methyl, or (CH2CH2O)zH wherein x+y+z is up to 60, and X is a salt forming anion as defined above;

wherein m is 1 to 5, one or more of R5, R6, and R^ are independently an C1 -

C30 alkyl, the remainder are CH2CH2OH, one or two of Rβ, R?, and R10 are independently an C-] - C30 alkyl, and remainder are CH2CH2OH, and X is a salt forming anion as mentioned above;

wherein, independently for formulae (IV) and (V), Z2 is an alkyl, preferably a C^ - C3 alkyl, more preferably methyl, and Z^ is a short chain hydroxyalkyl, preferably hydroxymethyl or hydroxyethyl, p and q independently are integers from 2 to 4, inclusive, preferably from 2 to 3, inclusive, more preferably 2, Rl 1 and R12 > independently, are substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbyls, preferably C-J2 - C20 a'kyl or alkenyl, and X is a salt forming anion as defined above;

wherein R1^ js a hydrocarbyl, preferably a C-| - C3 alkyl, more preferably methyl, ∑4 and ∑5 are, independently, short chain hydrocarbyls, preferably C2 - C4 alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably ethyl, a is from 2 to about 40, preferably from about 7 to about 30, and X is a salt forming anion as defined above;

wherein R^4 and R^ 5, independently, are C-| - C3 alkyl, preferably methyl, Z^ is a C12 - C22 hydrocarbyl, alkyl carboxy or alkylamido, and A is a protein, preferably a collagen, keratin, milk protein, silk, soy protein, wheat protein, or hydrolyzed forms thereof; and X is a salt forming anion as defined above;

X vm)

wherein b is 2 or 3, R"16 and R^7, independently are Ci - C3 hydrocarbyls preferably methyl, and X is a salt forming anion as defined above. Nonlimiting examples of hydrophilically substituted cationic surfactants useful in the present invention include the materials having the following CTFA designations: quaternium-16, quaternium-26, quaternium-27, quatemium-30, quaternium-33, quaternium-43, quaternium-52, quaternium-53, quaternium-56, quaternium-60, quaternium-61 , quatemium-62, quaternium-70, quaternium-71 , quatemium-72, quaternium-75, quaternium-76 hydrolyzed collagen, quaternium-77, quaternium- 78, quatemium-79 hydrolyzed collagen, quaternium-79 hydrolyzed keratin, quaternium-79 hydrolyzed milk protein, quaternium-79 hydrolyzed silk, quaternium-79 hydrolyzed soy protein, and quaternium-79 hydrolyzed wheat protein, quaternium-80, quaternium-81 , quaternium-82, quaternium-83, quaternium-84, and mixtures thereof.

Highly preferred hydrophilically substituted cationic surfactants include dialkylamido ethyl hydroxyethylmonium salt, dialkylamidoethyl dimonium salt, dialkyloyl ethyl hydroxyethylmonium salt, dialkyloyl ethyldimonium salt, and mixtures thereof; for example, commercially available under the following tradenames; VARISOFT 110, VARIQUAT K1215 and 638 from Witco Chemical, MACKPRO KLP, MACKPRO WLW, MACKPRO MLP, MACKPRO NSP, MACKPRO NLW, MACKPRO WWP, MACKPRO NLP, MACKPRO SLP from Mclntyre, ETHOQUAD 18/25, ETHOQUAD O/12PG, ETHOQUAD C/25, ETHOQUAD S/25, and ETHODUOQUAD from Akzo, DEHYQUAT SP from Henkel, and ATLAS G265 from ICI Americas.

Salts of primary, secondary, and tertiary fatty amines are also suitable cationic surfactants. The alkyl groups of such amines preferably have from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms, and can be substituted or unsubstituted. Particularly useful are amidoamines of the following general formula:

R CONH (CH2)m N (R2)2 wherein R1 is a residue of C-| <\ to C24 fatty acids, R is a C<| to C4 alkyl, and m is an integer from 1 to 4.

Preferred amidoamine useful in the present invention includes stearamidopropyldimethylamine, stearamidopropyldiethylamine, stearamidoethyldiethylamine, stearamidoethyldimethylamine, palmitamidopropyldimethylamine, palmitamidopropyldiethylamine, palmitamidoethyldiethylamine, palmitamidoethyldimethylamine, behenamidopropyldimethylamine, behenamidopropyldiethylamine, behenamidoethyldiethylamine, behenamidoethyldimethylamine, arachidamidopropyldimethylamine, arachidamidopropyldiethylamine, arachidamidoethyldiethylamine, arachidamidoethyldimethylamine, and mixtures thereof; more preferably stearamidopropyldimethylamine, stearamidoethyldiethylamine, and mixtures thereof.

The amidoamines herein are preferably partially quaternized with the organic acids and inorganic acids such as L-glutamic acid, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid, malic acid, succinic acid, acetic acid, fumaric acid, L-glutamic acid hydrochloride, tartaric acid, and mixtures thereof.

Cationic Polymer

Cationic polymers are useful as conditioning agents herein. As used herein, the term "polymer" shall include materials whether made by polymerization of one type of monomer or made by two (i.e., copolymers) or more types of monomers.

The cationic polymers hereof will generally have a weight average molecular weight which is at least about 5,000, typically at least about 10,000, and is less than about 10 million. Preferably, the molecular weight is from about 100,000 to about 2 million. The cationic polymers will generally have cationic nitrogen-containing moieties such as quaternary ammonium or cationic amino moieties, and mixtures thereof.

Any anionic counterions can be utilized for the cationic polymers so long as the water solubility criteria is met. Suitable counterions include halides (e.g., Cl, Br, I, or F, preferably Cl, Br, or I), sulfate, and methylsulfate. Others can also be used, as this list is not exclusive.

The cationic nitrogen-containing moiety will be present generally as a substituent, on a fraction of the total monomer units of the cationic polymers.

Thus, the cationic polymer can comprise copolymers, terpolymers, etc. of quaternary ammonium or cationic amine-substituted monomer units and other non-cationic units referred to herein as spacer monomer units. Such polymers are known in the art, and a variety can be found in the CTFA Cosmetic Ingredient

Dictionary, 3rd edition, edited by Estrin, Crosley, and Haynes, (The Cosmetic,

Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, Inc., Washington, D.C., 1982). Suitable cationic polymers include, for example, copolymers of vinyl monomers having cationic amine or quaternary ammonium functionalities with water soluble spacer monomers such as acrylamide, methacrylamide, alkyl and dialkyl acrylamides, alkyl and dialkyl methacrylamides, alkyl acrylate, alkyl methacrylate, vinyl caprolactone, and vinyl pyrrolidone. The alkyl and dialkyl substituted monomers preferably have C-j - C7 alkyl groups, more preferably C-j - C3 alkyl groups. Other suitable spacer monomers include vinyl esters, vinyl alcohol (made by hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate), maleic anhydride, propylene glycol, and ethylene glycol.

The cationic amines can be primary, secondary, or tertiary amines, depending upon the particular species and the pH of the composition. In general, secondary and tertiary amines, especially tertiary amines, are preferred.

Amine-substituted vinyl monomers can be polymerized in the amine form, and then optionally can be converted to ammonium by a quaternization reaction.

Amines can also be similarly quaternized subsequent to formation of the polymer. For example, tertiary amine functionalities can be quaternized by reaction with a salt of the formula R'X wherein R' is a short chain alkyl, preferably a C-| - C7 alkyl, more preferably a Ci - C3 alkyl, and X is an anion which forms a water soluble salt with the quaternized ammonium.

Suitable cationic amino and quaternary ammonium monomers include, for example, vinyl compounds substituted with dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylate, monoalkylaminoalkyl acrylate, monoalkylaminoalkyl methacrylate, trialkyl methacryloxyalkyl ammonium salt, trialkyl acryloxyalkyl ammonium salt, diallyl quaternary ammonium salts, and vinyl quaternary ammonium monomers having cyclic cationic nitrogen-containing rings such as pyridinium, imidazolium, and quaternized pyrrolidone, e.g., alkyl vinyl imidazolium, alkyl vinyl pyridinium, alkyl vinyl pyrrolidone salts. The alkyl portions of these monomers are preferably lower alkyls such as the C-| - C3 alkyls, more preferably C- and C2 alkyls. Suitable amine-substituted vinyl monomers for use herein include dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl acrylamide, and dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylamide, wherein the alkyl groups are preferably Ci - C7 hydrocarbyls, more preferably C-| - C3, alkyls.

The cationic polymers hereof can comprise mixtures of monomer units derived from amine- and/or quaternary ammonium-substituted monomer and/or compatible spacer monomers. Suitable cationic hair conditioning polymers include, for example: copolymers of 1-vinyl-2-pyrroIidone and 1-vinyl-3-methylimidazolium salt (e.g., chloride salt) (referred to in the industry by the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, "CTFA", as Polyquaternium-16), such as those commercially available from BASF Wyandotte Corp. (Parsippany, NJ, USA) under the LUVIQUAT tradename (e.g., LUVIQUAT FC 370); copolymers of 1-vinyl-2- pyrrolidone and dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (referred to in the industry by CTFA as Polyquaternium-11) such as those commercially available from Gaf Corporation (Wayne, NJ, USA) under the GAFQUAT tradename (e.g., GAFQUAT 755N); cationic diallyl quaternary ammonium-containing polymers, including, for example, dimethyldiallylammonium chloride homopolymer and copolymers of acrylamide and dimethyldiallylammonium chloride, referred to in the industry (CTFA) as Polyquaternium 6 and Polyquaternium 7 and those commercially available from Calgon with tradename Merquat 2200, respectively; and mineral acid salts of amino-alkyl esters of homo- and co-polymers of unsaturated carboxylic acids having from 3 to 5 carbon atoms, as described in U.S. Patent 4,009,256, incorporated herein by reference.

Other cationic polymers that can be used include polysaccharide polymers, such as cationic cellulose derivatives and cationic starch derivatives. Cationic polysaccharide polymer materials suitable for use herein include those of the formula:

wherein: A is an anhydroglucose residual group, such as a starch or cellulose anhydroglucose residual, R is an alkylene oxyalkylene, polyoxyalkylene, or hydroxyalkylene group, or combination thereof, Rl , R2, and R3 independently are alkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, arylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, or alkoxyaryl groups, each group containing up to about 18 carbon atoms, and the total number of carbon atoms for each cationic moiety (i.e., the sum of carbon atoms in R1 , R2 and R3) preferably being about 20 or less, and X is an anionic counterion, as previously described.

Cationic cellulose is available from Amerchol Corp. (Edison, NJ, USA) in their Polymer JR® and LR® series of polymers, as salts of hydroxyethyl cellulose reacted with trimethyl ammonium substituted epoxide, referred to in the industry (CTFA) as Polyquaternium 10. Another type of cationic cellulose includes the polymeric quaternary ammonium salts of hydroxyethyl cellulose reacted with lauryl dimethyl ammonium-substituted epoxide, referred to in the industry (CTFA) as Polyquaternium 24. These materials are available from Amerchol Corp. (Edison, NJ, USA) under the tradename Quaterisoft Polymer LM-200®.

Other cationic polymers that can be used include cationic guar gum derivatives, such as guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride (commercially available from Celanese Corp. in their Jaguar R series). Other materials include quaternary nitrogen-containing cellulose ethers (e.g., as described in U.S. Patent 3,962,418, incorporated herein by reference), and copolymers of etherified cellulose and starch (e.g., as described in U.S. Patent 3,958,581 , incorporated herein by reference.) Other cationic polymers useful herein are:

(1 ) Cationic polymers chosen from the group comprising: i) polymers containing units of the formula:

-A-Z1-A-Z2- (I) wherein A denotes a radical containing two amino groups, preferably a piperazinyl radical, and Zl and Z2 independently denote a divalent radical which is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkylene radical which contains up to about 7 carbon atoms in the main chain, is unsubstituted or substituted by one or more hydroxyl groups and can also contain one or more oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur atoms and 1 to 3 aromatic and/or heterocyclic rings, the oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur atoms generally being present in the form of an ether or thioether, sulphoxide, sulphone, sulphonium, amine, alkylamine, alkenylamine, benzylamine, amine oxide, quaternary ammonium, amide, imide, alcohol, ester and/or urethane group; ii) polymers containing units of the formula: -A-Z'-A-Z'- (II) wherein A denotes a radical containing two amino groups, preferably a piperazinyl radical, and Z' denotes the symbol Z^ and Z^ while denoting the symbol Z4 at least once; 7? denotes a divalent radical which is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radical having up to about 7 carbon atoms in the main chain, and Z^ is a divalent radical which is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkylene radical which has up to about 7 carbon atoms in the main chain, is unsubstituted and substituted by one or more hydroxyl radicals and is interrupted by one or more nitrogen atoms, the nitrogen atom being substituted by an alkyl chain having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably 4 carbon atoms, which is optionally interrupted by an oxygen atom and optionally contains one or more hydroxyl groups; and iii) the alkylation products, with alkyl and benzyl halides of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, alkyl tosylates or mesylates, and the oxidation products, of the polymers of the formulae (I) and (II) indicated above under i) and ii).

(2) Polyamino-polyamides prepared by the polycondensation of an acid compound with a polyamine. The acid compound can be organic dicarboxylic acids, aliphatic monocarboxylic and dicarboxylic acids containing a double bond, esters of the abovementioned acids, preferably the esters with lower alkanols having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and mixtures thereof. The polyamine is a bis- primary or mono- or bis-secondary polyalkylene-polyamine wherein up to 40 mol% of this polyamine can be a bis-primary amine, preferably ethylenediamine, or a bis-secondary amine, preferably piperazine, and up to 20 mol% can be hexamethylenediamine. (3) The above mentioned polyamino-polyamides can be alkylated and/or crosslinked. The alkylation can be carried out with glycidol, ethylene oxide, propylene oxide or acrylamide. The crosslinking is carried out by means of a crosslinking agent such as: i) epihalogenohydrins, diepoxides, dianhydrides, unsaturated anhydrides and bis-saturated derivatives, in proportions of 0.025 to 0.35 mol of crosslinking agent per amine group of the polyamino-polyamide; ii) bis-halogenohydrins, bis-azetidinium compounds, bishalogeno acyldiamines and bis-(alkyl halides); iii) oligomers obtained by reacting a compound chosen from the group comprising bis-halogenohydrins, bis-azetidinium compounds, bis-halogenoacyl- diamines, bis-(alkyl halides), epihalogenohydrins, diepoxides and bis-unsaturated derivatives, with another compound which is a difunctional compound which is reactive towards the compound; and iv) the quatemisation product of a compound chosen from the compounds ii) and the oligomers iii) and containing one or more tertiary amine groups which can be totally or partially alkylated with an alkylating agent preferably chosen from methyl or ethyl chlorides, bromides, iodides, sulphates, mesylates and tosylates, benzyl chloride or bromide, ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and glycidol, the crosslinking being carried out by means of 0.025 to 0.35 mol, in particular of 0.025 to 0.2 mol and more particularly of 0.025 to 0.1 mol, of crosslinking agent per amine group of the polyamino-polyamide.

(4) Polyamino-polyamide derivatives resulting from the condensation of a polyalkylene-polyamine with a polycarboxylic acid, followed by alkylation by means of difunctional agents, such as the adipic acid/dialkylaminohydroxyalkyl- dialkylenetriamine copolymers in which the alkyl radical contains 1 to 4 carbon atoms and preferably denotes methyl, ethyl or propyl.

Useful polymers are adipic acid/dimethylaminohydroxypropyl- diethylenetriamine copolymers sold under the name Cartaretine F, F^ or F^ by SANDOZ.

(5) Polymers obtained by reacting polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group, with a dicarboxylic acid chosen from diglycolic acid and saturated aliphatic dicarboxylic acids having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, the molar ratio of the polyalkylene-polyamine to the dicarboxylic acid being from 0.8:1 to 1.4:1 , and the resulting polyamide being reacted with epichlorohydrin in a molar ratio of epichlorohydrin to the secondary amine groups of the polyamide of from 0.5:1 to 1.8:1.

Useful polymers are those sold under the name HERCOSETT 57 by Hercules Incorporated, and that sold under the name PD 170 or DELSETTE 101 by Hercules.

(6) Cyclic polymers generally having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 3,000,000 such as homopolymers containing, as the main constituent of the chain, units corresponding to the formula (III) or (III1)

( CH2 ) p ( I I I )

/ \

( CH2 ) t -R " C CR" - CH2 -

I I

H2 C CH2 \ /

N+ Y~

/ \ R R ' ( CH2 ) p ( I I I ' )

/ \

( CH2 ) -R" C CR " - CH2 - I I

H2 C CH2

\ / N R in which p and t are 0 or 1 , and p+ , R" denotes hydrogen or methyl, R and R' independently of one another denote an alkyl group having from 1 to 22 carbon- atoms, a hydroxylalkyl group in which the alkyl group preferably has 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a lower amidoalkyl group, and R and R' can denote, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, heterocyclic groups such as piperidinyl or morpholinyl, and Y is bromide, chloride, acetate, borate, citrate, tartrate, bisulphate, bisulphite, sulphate or phosphate. Copolymers containing units of the formula III and III' may also contain units derived from acrylamide or from diacetoneaerylam.de. Amongst the quaternary ammonium polymers of the type defined above, those which are preferred are the dimethyldiallylammonium chloride homopolymer sold under the name MERQUAT 100 and having a molecular weight of less than 100,000, and the dimethyldiallylammonium chloride/acrylamide copolymer having a molecular weight of more than 500,000 and sold under the name MERQUAT 550 by CALGON Corporation. (7) Poly-(quatemary ammonium) compounds of the formula

Rl R3

[ -N+- -A- -N+- -B- n 2X" ( IV)

R2 R4 wherein R^ , R2, R37 and R4 are independently aliphatic, alicyclic or arylaliphatic radicals containing a maximum of 20 carbon atoms, or lower hydroxyaliphatic radicals, or alternatively, with the nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, heterocyclic rings optionally containing a second hetero-atom other than nitrogen, or alternatively R1 , R2, R3, and R4 represent a group CH2CHR'3R'4 wherein R'3 denoting hydrogen or lower alkyl and R'4 denoting SO, CN, CON(R'6)2, COOR'5, COR'5, COOR'7D, or CONHR'7D; R'5 denoting lower alkyl, R'6 denoting hydrogen or lower alkyl, R'7 denoting alkylene and D denoting a quaternary ammonium group; A and B independently represent a polymethylene group containing from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, which can be linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated and can contain, inserted in the main chain one or more groups -CH2-Y-CH2- wherein Y denotes benzene, oxygen, sulfur, SO, SO2, SS,

NR'8, N+(R,9)2X1 ", CHOH, NHCONH, CONR'8, or COO; χ1- denoting an anion derived from a mineral or organic acid, R'3 denoting hydrogen or lower alkyl and R'9 denoting lower alkyl, or alternatively A and R^ and R3 form a piperazine ring with the two nitrogen atoms to which they are attached. If A denotes a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radical, B can also denote a group: -(CH2)n-CO-D-OC-(CH2)rr ; wherein n is selected so that the molecular weight is generally between 1 ,000 and 100,000; and D denotes: i) a glycol radical of the formula -O-Z-O-, in which Z denotes a linear or branched hydrocarbon radical or a group corresponding to the fomulae: -[CH2-CH2-O-3 -CH2-CH2- or -[CH2-C(CH3)H-O-] -CH2-C(CH3)H- wherein x and y denote an integer from 1 to 4, representing a definite and unique degree of polymerisation; ii) a bis-secondary diamine radical, such as a piperazine derivative; iii) a bis-primary diamine radical of the formula: -N-H-Y-NH-, in which Y denotes a linear or branched hydrocarbon radical or the divalent radical -CH2-CH2-S-S-CH2-CH2-; or iv) a ureylene group of the formula -N-H-CO-NH-.

(8) Homopolymers or copolymers derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid and containing at least one unit: R1 R1 R1

I I I

-CH2 -C- (V) CH2 -C- (V ) -CH2 -C- (V - ) c=o c=o c=o

A A A

N R2 -N+-R4 R2 -N+-R4

/ \ 1 1

R5 R6 R3 X- R3 X wherein R1 is H or CH3, A is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms or a hydroxyalkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, R2, R and R4 independently denote an alkyl group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a benzyl group, R5 and R denote H or alkyl having 1 to 6 carbon atoms and X denotes methosulphate or halide, such as chloride or bromide.

The comonomer or comonomers which can be used typically belong to the family comprising: acrylamide, methacrylamide, diacetone-acrylamide, acrylamide and methacrylamide substituted on the nitrogen by one or more lower alkyls, alkyl esters of acrylic and methacrylic acids, vinylpyrrolidone and vinyl esters.

(9) Other cationic polymers which can be used are polyalkyleneimines, in particular polyethyleneimines, polymers containing vinylpyridine units or vinylpyridinium units in the chain, condensates of polyamines and of epichlorohydrin, poly-(quaternary ureylenes) and chitin derivatives. Highly preferred cationic polymers include commercially available material such as Polyquaternium 4 under the tradenames CELQUAT H100 and CELQUAT L200 supplied by National Starch & Chemicals, and Polyquaternium 1 1 under the tradename GAFQUAT 755N supplied by ISP. Silicone Compound The silicone compounds useful herein include volatile or nonvolatile dispersible silicone conditioning agents. By dispersible what is meant is that the silicone compound is miscible with water. Silicone compounds that are insoluble or not dispersible with water are comprised in the present invention in the form of an emulsion that could be readily dispersed in water. The silicone compounds herein may be made by any suitable method known in the art, including emulsion polymerization. When the silicone compounds are incorporated in the present composition in the form of an emulsion, the emulsion is made my mechanical mixing, or in the stage of synthesis through emulsion polymerization, with or without the aid of a surfactant selected from anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, and mixtures thereof.

The silicone compounds for use herein will preferably have a viscosity of from about 1 ,000 to about 2,000,000 centistokes at 25 °C, more preferably from about 10,000 to about 1 ,800,000, and even more preferably from about 100,000 to about 1 ,500,000. The viscosity can be measured by means of a glass capillary viscometer as set forth in Dow Corning Corporate Test Method CTM0004, July 20, 1970. Silicone compound of high molecular weight may be made by emulsion polymerization. Suitable silicone fluids include polyalkyl siloxanes, polyaryl siloxanes, polyalkylaryl siloxanes, polyether siloxane copolymers, and mixtures thereof. Other nonvolatile silicone compounds having hair conditioning properties can also be used.

The silicone compounds herein also include polyalkyl or polyaryl siloxanes with the following structure (I)

wherein R123 is alkyl or aryl, and x is an integer from about 7 to about 8,000. Z8 represents groups which block the ends of the silicone chains. The alkyl or aryl groups substituted on the siloxane chain (R123) or at the ends of the siloxane chains Z8 can have any structure as long as the resulting silicone remains fluid at room temperature, is dispersible, is neither irritating, toxic nor otherwise harmful when applied to the hair, is compatible with the other components of the composition, is chemically stable under normal use and storage conditions, and is capable of being deposited on and conditions the hair. Suitable Z8 groups include hydroxy, methyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, and aryloxy. The two R groups on the silicon atom may represent the same group or different groups. Preferably, the two R123 groups represent the same group. Suitable R123 groups include methyl, ethyl, propyl, phenyl, methylphenyl and phenylmethyl. The preferred silicone compounds are polydimethylsiloxane, polydiethylsiloxane, and polymethylphenylsiloxane. Polydimethylsiloxane, which is also known as dimethicone, is especially preferred. The polyalkylsiloxanes that can be used include, for example, polydimethylsiloxanes. These silicone compounds are available, for example, from the General Electric Company (Waterford, New York, USA) in their Viscasil® and SF 96 series, and from Dow Corning Corp. (Midland, Michigan, USA) in their Dow Corning 200 series and BY22-067.

Polyalkylaryl siloxane fluids can also be used and include, for example, polymethylphenylsiloxanes. These siloxanes are available, for example, from the General Electric Company as SF 1075 methyl phenyl fluid or from Dow Corning as 556 Cosmetic Grade Fluid. Especially preferred, for enhancing the shine characteristics of hair, are highly arylated silicone compounds, such as highly phenylated polyethyl silicone having refractive index of about 1.46 or higher, especially about 1.52 or higher. When these high refractive index silicone compounds are used, they should be mixed with a spreading agent, such as a surfactant or a silicone resin, as described below to decrease the surface tension and enhance the film forming ability of the material.

The silicone compounds that can be used include, for example, a polypropylene oxide modified polydimethylsiloxane although ethylene oxide or mixtures of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide can also be used. The ethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide level should be sufficiently low so as not to interfere with the dispensability characteristics of the silicone. These material are also known as dimethicone copolyols. These materials can be directly dissolved or dispersed in water.

Other silicone compounds include amino substituted materials. Suitable alkylamino substituted silicone compounds include those represented by the following structure (II)

wherein R124 is H, CH3 or OH, p\ p2, q1 and q2 are integers which depend on the molecular weight, the weight average molecular weight being approximately between 5,000 and 10,000. This polymer is also known as "amodimethicone". These Amodimethicones are available, for example, from Dow Corning as SM8704C.

Suitable amino substituted silicone fluids include those represented by the formula (III) in which G is chosen from the group consisting of hydrogen, phenyl, OH, C-ι-C8 alkyl and preferably methyl; a denotes 0 or an integer from 1 to 3, and preferably equals 0; b denotes 0 or 1 and preferably equals 1 ; the sum p3+p4 is a number from 1 to 2,000 and preferably from 50 to 150, p3 being able to denote a number from 0 to 1 ,999 and preferably from 49 to 149 and p4 being able to denote an integer from 1 to 2,000 and preferably from 1 to 10; R125 is a monovalent radical of formula Cq3H2q3L in which q3 is an integer from 2 to 8 and L is chosen from the groups

— N(R126)CH2— CH2— N(R126)2

— N(R126)2

— N(R126)3X'

— N(R126)CH2— CH2— NR126H2X' in which R126 is chosen from the group consisting of hydrogen, phenyl, benzyl, a saturated hydrocarbon radical, preferably an alkyl radical containing from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and X' denotes a halide ion.

An especially preferred amino substituted silicone corresponding to formula (111) is the polymer known as "trimethylsilylamodimethicone" wherein R124 is CH3.

Other amino substituted silicone polymers useful herein include cationic amino substituted silicones represented by the formula (V):

where R128 denotes a monovalent hydrocarbon radical having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms, preferably an alkyl or alkenyl radical such as methyl; R129 denotes a hydrocarbon radical, preferably a C1-C18 alkylene radical or a C1-C 8, and more preferably C-i-Ca, alkyleneoxy radical; Q" is a halide ion, preferably chloride; p5 denotes an average statistical value from 2 to 20, preferably from 2 to 8; p6 denotes an average statistical value from 20 to 200, and preferably from 20 to 50. A preferred polymer of this class is available from Union Carbide under the name "UCAR SILICONE ALE 56." These materials can be directly dissolved or dispersed in water.

References disclosing suitable nonvolatile dispersed silicone compounds include U.S. Patent No. 2,826,551 to Geen; U.S. Patent No. 3,964,500 to Drakoff, issued June 22, 1976; U.S. Patent No. 4,364,837 to Pader, issued December 21 , 1982; and British Patent No. 849,433 to Woolston. "Silicon Compounds" distributed by Petrarch Systems, Inc., 1984, provides an extensive, though not exclusive, listing of suitable silicone compounds. Another nonvolatile dispersed silicone that can be especially useful is a silicone gum. The term "silicone gum", as used herein, means a polyorganosiloxane material having a viscosity at 25 °C of greater than or equal to 1 ,000,000 centistokes. It is recognized that the silicone gums described herein can also have some overlap with the above-disclosed silicone compounds. This overlap is not intended as a limitation on any of these materials. Silicone gums are described by Petrarch, and others including U.S. Patent No. 4,152,416 to Spitzer, et al., issued May 1 , 1979 and Noll, Walter, Chemistry and Technology of Silicones, New York: Academic Press 1968. Also describing silicone gums are General Electric Silicone Rubber Product Data Sheets SE 30, SE 33, SE 54 and SE 76. The "silicone gums" will typically have a weight average molecular weight in excess of about 200,000, generally between about 200,000 and about 1 ,000,000. Specific examples include polydimethylsiloxane, polydimethylsiloxane methylvinylsiloxane) copolymer, polydimethylsiloxane diphenylsiloxane methylvinylsiloxane) copolymer and mixtures thereof.

Also useful are silicone resins, which are highly crosslinked polymeric siloxane systems. The crosslinking is introduced through the incorporation of tri- functional and tetra-functional silanes with mono-functional or di-functional, or both, silanes during manufacture of the silicone resin. As is well understood in the art, the degree of crosslinking that is required in order to result in a silicone resin will vary according to the specific silane units incorporated into the silicone resin. In general, silicone materials which have a sufficient level of trifunctional and tetrafunctional siloxane monomer units, and hence, a sufficient level of crosslinking, such that they dry down to a rigid, or hard, film are considered to be silicone resins. The ratio of oxygen atoms to silicon atoms is indicative of the level of crosslinking in a particular silicone material. Silicone materials which have at least about 1.1 oxygen atoms per silicon atom will generally be silicone resins herein.

Preferably, the ratio of oxyge silicon atoms is at least about 1.2:1.0. Silanes used in the manufacture of silicone resins include monomethyl-, dimethyl-, trimethyl-, monophenyl-, diphenyl-, methylphenyl-, monovinyl-, and methylvinylchlorosilanes, and tetrachlorosilane, with the methyl substituted silanes being most commonly utilized. Preferred resins are offered by General Electric as GE SS4230 and SS4267. Commercially available silicone resins will generally be supplied in a dissolved form in a low viscosity volatile or nonvolatile silicone fluid. The silicone resins for use herein should be supplied and incorporated into the present compositions in such dissolved form, as will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. Without being bound by theory, it is believed that the silicone resins can enhance deposition of other silicone compounds on the hair and can enhance the glossiness of hair with high refractive index volumes.

Other useful silicone resins are silicone resin powders such as the material given the CTFA designation polymethylsilsequioxane, which is commercially available as Tospearl™ from Toshiba Silicones. The method of manufacturing these silicone compounds, can be found in

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 15, Second Edition, pp. 204-308, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1989.

Silicone materials and silicone resins in particular, can conveniently be identified according to a shorthand nomenclature system well known to those skilled in the art as the "MDTQ" nomenclature. Under this system, the silicone is described according to the presence of various siloxane monomer units which make up the silicone. Briefly, the symbol M denotes the mono-functional unit (CH3)3SiO0.5; D denotes the difunctional unit (CH3)2SiO; T denotes the trifunctional unit (CH3)SiOι.5; and Q denotes the quadri- or tetra-functional unit SiO2. Primes of the unit symbols, e.g., M', D', T\ and Q' denote substituents other than methyl, and must be specifically defined for each occurrence. Typical alternate substituents include groups such as vinyl, phenyl, amino, hydroxyl, etc. The molar ratios of the various units, either in terms of subscripts to the symbols indicating the total number of each type of unit in the silicone, or an average thereof, or as specifically indicated ratios in combination with the weight average molecular weight, complete the description of the silicone material under the MDTQ system. Higher relative molar amounts of T, Q, T' and/or Q' to D, D', M and/or or M' in a silicone resin is indicative of higher levels of crosslinking. As discussed above, however, the overall level of crosslinking can also be indicated by the oxygen to silicon ratio. The silicone resins for use herein which are preferred are MQ, MT, MTQ,

MQ and MDTQ resins. Thus, the preferred silicone substituent is methyl.

Especially preferred are MQ resins wherein the M:Q ratio is from about 0.5:1.0 to about 1.5:1.0 and the weight average molecular weight of the resin is from about 1000 to about 10,000.

Commercially available silicone compounds which are useful herein include Dimethicone with tradename DC200, cetyl Dimethicone with tradename DC2502, stearyl Dimethicone with tradename DC2503, emulsified polydimethyl siloxanes with tradenames DC1664 and DC1784, and alkyl grafted copolymer silicone emulsion with tradename DC2-2845; all available from Dow Corning Corporation (Midland, Michigan, USA), emulsion polymerized Dimethiconol available from Toshiba Silicone Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan) as described in GB application 2,303,857, mixture of Dimethicone and Dimethiconol with tradename DCQ2-1403, and mixture of Cyclomethicone and Dimethiconol with tradename DRQ2-1401 , both mixtures available from Dow Corning. CARRIER

Carriers useful in the present invention are those which can be dissolved and/or dispersed in water. The type of carriers to be used are selected depending on the desired product form, packaging, and characteristics of the product. It is possible to provide the conditioning composition with no carrier, for example, in the form of a freeze-dried or spray-dried solid form. In other forms, however, carriers are preferably contained.

Materials for providing additional benefits to the present conditioning composition such as gas forming particles, rinse aid system, and flocculent system, as described below, may also be incorporated in the carrier.

Aqueous carriers useful herein include water and/or water-soluble solvents. When the conditioning composition is provided in a liquid form, aqueous carriers are typically contained.

Water is useful as a carrier. Deionized water is preferably used. Water from natural sources including mineral cations can also be used, depending on the desired characteristic of the product. Water is preferably not contained, however, when gas forming particles as described below are comprised, or when the conditioning composition is housed in a water-soluble coating, also described below. Water-soluble solvents such as lower alkyl alcohols and polyhydric alcohols are useful herein. The lower alkyl alcohol useful herein are monohydric alcohols having 1 to 6 carbons, more preferably ethanol and isopropanol. The polyhydric alcohols useful herein include propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, glycerin, propane diol, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, sorbitol, and other sugars which are in liquid form at ambient temperature.

Other carriers useful herein include inert organic and inorganic material which are useful, for example, in forming solid articles for the conditioning composition. Such carriers include excipients, binders, and builders as described below under the section "RINSE AID SYSTEM". GAS FORMING PARTICLES

The gas forming particles useful herein are those which provide any kind of effervescent effect, preferably those which are readily and completely dissolvable in water, or completely gasified/evaporated upon contact with water. The gas forming particles are believed to aid the dissolving and dispersing of the conditioning composition to the water, or provide a visible, audible, or olfactory signal that the treated water is either ready for use, or will provide the desired benefit. To provide such signal, colorants and perfumes may be contained in the gas forming particle. The gas forming particles may be provided within the conditioning composition, or as an independent composition. When the gas forming particle is provided as a carrier for the conditioning composition, the composition contains little or no water. When the gas forming particle is provided as an independent composition, it is preferably released in the water simultaneously with the conditioning composition. Useful herein are alkaline salts which generate carbon dioxide upon dissolution with water, including sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium sesquicarbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, potassium sesquicarbonate, and mixtures thereof. When such alkaline salts are used, it is preferable to further comprise organic acids or its salts to regulate the pH of the water for better dissolution of the alkaline salt and for use by the user. Suitable organic acids for this use include aliphatic carboxylic acids such as citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, oxalic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid, glutaric acid, adipic acid, fumaric acid, and maleic acid, aromatic carboxylic acids such as benzoic acid, phthalic acid, isophthalic acid, terephthalic acid, and cinnamic acid, heterocyclic carboxylic acids such as nicotninic acids, acidic amino acid such as glutamic acid and aspartic acid, and mixtures thereof.

Useful herein are particles which contain pressurized gas trapped within the particles. The pressurized gas can be carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, chlorine, helium, hydrogen, air, argon, neon, and mixtures thereof. These particles require core materials to trap the gas. Such core material useful herein include sucrose, lactose, glucose, fructose, galactose, maltose, polyethylene glycol having a molecular weight of about 2000-20,000, polyvinyl alcohol, fatty acids, and mixtures thereof. These gas forming particles may be manufactured by any suitable means, preferably by the process as disclosed in WO99/64555 assigned The Procter & Gamble Company. RINSE AID SYSTEM

The present invention may use a rinse aid system for effective rinsing of the shampoo composition and soils from the hair. The rinse aid system may be provided within the conditioning composition, or as an independent composition. When the rinse aid system is provided as a carrier for the conditioning composition, the composition preferably comprises silicone compounds but free of cationic surfactants as the conditioning agent. When the rinse aid system is provided as an independent composition, it is preferably released in the water simultaneously with the conditioning composition. In one embodiment, the rinse aid system may be used independently for providing a purified water suitable for applying to the hair.

The rinse aid system is selected from the group consisting of a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof. Preferably a mixture is used. pH Control Agents

Inorganic and organic acids useful as pH control agents include, for example, carboxylate acids, such as citric and succinic acids, polycarboxylate acids, such as polyacrylic acid, and also acetic acid, boric acid, malonic acid, adipic acid, fumaric acid, lactic acid, glycolic acid, tartaric acid, tartronic acid, maleic acid, their derivatives and any mixtures of the foregoing.

A pH buffering agent may be used to maintain the desired pH range upon dissolving/dispersing of the composition. Materials useful as pH buffering include alkali metal salts of carbonates, preferably sodium bicarbonate, polycarbonates, sesquicarbonates, silicates, polysilicates, borates, metaborates, phosphates, preferably sodium phosphate such as sodium hydrogenophosphate, polyphosphate like sodium tripolyphosphate, alluminates, and mixtures thereof, and preferably are selected from alkali metal salts of carbonates, phosphates, and mixtures thereof.

Suds Suppressing Agent

Suds suppressing agents useful herein include antifoam compounds. Antifoam compounds for use herein are silica components. Preferably, these silica components are used in combination with the silicone compound described above as a conditioning agent. The term "silicone" as used herein, and in general throughout the industry, encompasses a variety of relatively high molecular weight polymers containing siloxane units and hydrocarbyl group of various types like the polyorganosiloxane oils, such as polydimethyl-siloxane, dispersions or emulsions of polyorganosiloxane oils or resins, and combinations of polyorganosiloxane with silica particles wherein the polyorganosiloxane is chemisorbed or fused onto the silica. Silica components useful for suds suppressers are well known in the art and are, for example, disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,265,779, issued May 5, 1981 to Gandolfo et al and European Patent Application No. 89307851.9, published February 7, 1990, by Starch, M. S. Other silicone suds suppressers are disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,455,839 which relates to compositions and processes for defoaming aqueous solutions by incorporating therein small amounts of polydimethylsiloxane fluids. Mixtures of silicone and silanated silica are described, for instance, in German Patent Application DOS 2,124,526. Examples of suitable silicone antifoam compounds are the combinations of polyorganosiloxane with silica particles commercially available from Dow Corning, Wacker Chemie and General Electric.

Other antifoam compounds include the monocarboxylic fatty acids and soluble salts thereof, such as those having hydrocarbyl chains of 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 18 carbon atoms like the tallow amphopolycarboxyglycinate commercially available under the trade name TAPAC. Suitable salts include the alkali metal salts such as sodium, potassium, and lithium salts, and ammonium and alkanolammonium salts.

Other suitable antifoam compounds include, for example, high molecular weight hydrocarbons such as paraffin, light petroleum, odorless hydrocarbons, fatty esters (e.g. fatty acid triglycerides, glyceryl derivatives, polysorbates), fatty acid esters of monovalent alcohols, aliphatic C-J S- ^O ketones (e.g. stearone) N- alkylated amino triazines such as tri- to hexa-alkylmelamines or di- to tetra alkyldiamine chlortriazines formed as products of cyanuric chloride with two or three moles of a primary or secondary amine containing 1 to 24 carbon atoms, propylene oxide, bis stearic acid amide and monostearyl phosphates such as monostearyl alcohol phosphate ester and monostearyl di-alkali metal (e.g., K,

Na, and Li) phosphates and phosphate esters, quaternary ammonium compounds, di-alkyl quaternary compounds, poly functionalised quaternary compounds, and nonionic polyhydroxyl derivatives. Copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, particularly the mixed ethoxylated/propoxylated fatty alcohols with an alkyl chain length of from 10 to 16 carbon atoms, a degree of ethoxylation of from 3 to 30 and a degree of propoxylation of from 1 to 10, are also suitable antifoam compounds for use herein. Other suds suppressers useful herein comprise secondary CQ-C-| 6 alkyl alcohols having a Cι-C<| 6 chain like the 2-Hexyldecanol commercially available under the trade name ISOFOL16, 2-Octyldodecanol commercially available under the tradename ISOFOL20, and 2-butyl octanol, which is available under the trademark ISOFOL 12 from Condea. A preferred alcohol is 2-butyl octanol, which is available from Condea under the trademark ISOFOL 12. Mixtures of secondary alcohols are available under the trademark ISALCHEM 123 from Enichem. Metal Ion Control Agents

Heavy metal ion (HMI) sequestrants which act to sequester (chelate) heavy metal ions are useful herein. These components may have calcium and magnesium chelation capacity, but preferentially they bind heavy metal ions such as iron, manganese and copper. These compounds are even more desired when the water is a tap water of low quality and consequently that which comprises a high level of HMI. Heavy metal ion sequestrants, which are acidic in nature, having for example phosphonic acid or carboxylic acid functionalities, may be present either in their acid form or as a complex salt with a suitable counter cation such as an alkali or alkaline metal ion, ammonium, or substituted ammonium ion, or any mixtures thereof. Suitable heavy metal ion sequestrants for use herein include the organo aminophosphonates, such as the amino alkylene poly (alkylene phosphonates) and nitrilo trimethylene phosphonates. Preferred organo aminophosphonates are diethylene triamine penta (methylene phosphonate) and hexamethylene diamine tetra (methylene phosphonate).

Other suitable heavy metal ion sequestrants for use herein include nitrilotriacetic acid and polyaminocarboxylic acids such as ethylenediaminotetracetic acid, ethylenetriamine pentacetic acid, or ethylenediamine disuccinic acid. A further suitable material is ethylenediamine- N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS), most preferably present in the form of its S,S isomer, which is preferred for its biodegradability profile. Still other suitable heavy metal ion sequestrants for use herein are iminodiacetic acid derivatives such as 2-hydroxyethyl diacetic acid or glyceryl imino diacetic acid. Crystal Growth Inhibitors Non-limiting examples of carboxylic compounds which serve as crystal growth inhibitors include carboxylic compounds such as glycolic acid, phytic acid, polycarboxylic acids, polymers and co-polymers of carboxylic acids and polycarboxylic acids, and mixtures thereof. The inhibitors may be in the acid or salt form. Preferably the polycarboxylic acids comprise materials having at least two carboxylic acid radicals which are separated by not more than two carbon atoms (e.g., methylene units). Further suitable polycarboxylates include ether hydroxypolycarboxylat.es, polyacrylate polymers, copolymers of maleic anhydride and the ethylene ether or vinyl methyl ethers of acrylic acid. Copolymers of 1 ,3,5-trihydroxybenzene, 2, 4, 6-trisulphonic acid, and carboxymethyloxysuccinic acid are also useful. Alkali metal salts of polyacetic acids, for example, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and nitrilotriacetic acid, and the alkali metal salts of polycarboxylates, for example, mellitic acid, succinic acid, oxydisuccinic acid, polymaleic acid, benzene 1 ,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, carboxymethyloxysuccinic acid, are suitable for use in the present invention as crystal growth inhibitors. The polymers and copolymers which are useful as crystal growth inhibitors have a molecular weight which is preferably greater than about 500 daltons to about 100,000 daltons, more preferably to about 50,000 daltons.

Examples of commercially available materials for use as crystal growth inhibitors include, polyacrylate polymers Good-Rite® ex BF Goodrich, Acrysol® ex Rohm & Haas, Sokalan® ex BASF, and Norasol® ex Norso Haas. Preferred are the Norasol® polyacrylate polymers, more preferred are Norasol® 41 ON (MW 10,000) and Norasol® 440N (MW 4000) which is an amino phosphonic acid modified polyacrylate polymer, and also more preferred is the acid form of this modified polymer sold as Norasol® QR 784 (MW 4000) ex Norso-Haas. Polycarboxylate crystal growth inhibitors include citrates, e.g., citric acid and soluble salts thereof (particularly sodium salt), 3,3-dicarboxy-4-oxa-1 ,6- hexanedioates and related compounds further disclosed in U.S. 4,566,984 incorporated herein by reference, C5-C20 alkyl, C5-C20 alkenyl succinic acid and salts thereof, of which dodecenyl succinate, lauryl succinate, myristyl succinate, palmityl succinate, 2-dodecenylsuccinate, 2-pentadecenyl succinate, are non- limiting examples.

Organic diphosphonic acid are also suitable for use as crystal growth inhibitors. For the purposes of the present invention the term "organic diphosphonic acid" is defined as "an organo-diphosphonic acid or salt which does not comprise a nitrogen atom". Preferred organic diphosphonic acids include Cι- C4 diphosphonic acid, preferably C2 diphosphonic acid selected from the group consisting of ethylene diphosphonic acid, α-hydroxy-2 phenyl ethyl diphosphonic acid, methylene diphosphonic acid, vinylidene-1 ,1-diphosphonic acid , 1 ,2- dihydroxyethane-1 ,1 -diphosphonic acid, hydroxy-ethane 1 ,1 diphosphonic acid, the salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. More preferred is hydroxyethane-1 ,1- diphosphonic acid (HEDP).

Still useful herein as crystal growth inhibitor are the organic monophosphonic acid. Organo monophosphonic acid or one of its salts or complexes is also suitable for use herein as a CGI. By organo monophosphonic acid it is meant herein an organo monophosphonic acid which does not contain nitrogen as part of its chemical structure. This definition therefore excludes the organo aminophosphonates, which however may be included in compositions of the invention as heavy metal ion sequestrants.

The organo monophosphonic acid component may be present in its acid form or in the form of one of its salts or complexes with a suitable counter cation. Preferably any salts/complexes are water soluble, with the alkali metal and alkaline earth metal salts/complexes being especially preferred.

A preferred organo-monophosphonic acid is 2-phosphonobutane~1 ,2,4- tricarboxylic acid commercially available from Bayer under the trade name of Bayhibit. Dispersant Polymers

Suitable polymeric dispersing agents include polymeric polycarboxylates and polyethylene glycols, although others known in the art can also be used. It is believed, though it is not intended to be limited by theory, that polymeric dispersing agents enhance overall rinsing performance.

Polymeric polycarboxylate materials can be prepared by polymerizing or copolymerizing suitable unsaturated monomers, preferably in their acid form. Unsaturated monomeric acids that can be polymerized to form suitable polymeric polycarboxylates include acrylic acid, maleic acid (or maleic anhydride), fumaric acid, itaconic acid, aconitic acid, mesaconic acid, citraconic acid and methylenemalonic acid. The presence in the polymeric polycarboxylates herein of monomeric segments, containing no carboxylate radicals such as vinylmethyl ether, styrene, ethylene, etc. is suitable provided that such segments do not constitute more than about 40% by weight. Particularly suitable polymeric polycarboxylates can be derived from acrylic acid. Such acrylic acid-based polymers which are useful herein are the water-soluble salts of polymerized acrylic acid. The average molecular weight of such polymers in the acid form preferably ranges from about 2,000 to 10,000, more preferably from about 4,000 to 7,000 and most preferably from about 4,000 to 5,000. Water-soluble salts of such acrylic acid polymers can include, for example, the alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts. Soluble polymers of this type are known materials.

Acrylic/maleic-based copolymers may also be used as a preferred component of the dispersing/anti-redeposition agent. Such materials include the water-soluble salts of copolymers of acrylic acid and maleic acid. The average molecular weight of such copolymers in the acid form preferably ranges from about 2,000 to 100,000, more preferably from about 5,000 to 75,000, most preferably from about 7,000 to 65,000. The ratio of acrylate to maleate segments in such copolymers will generally range from about 30:1 to about 1 :1 , more preferably from about 10:1 to 2:1. Water-soluble salts of such acrylic acid/maleic acid copolymers can include, for example, the alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts. Soluble acrylate/maleate copolymers of this type are known materials which are described in European Patent Application No. 66915, published Dec. 15, 1982, as well as in EP 193,360, published Sep. 3, 1986, which also describes such polymers comprising hydroxypropylacrylate. Still other useful dispersing agents include the maleic/acrylic/vinyl alcohol terpolymers. Such materials are also disclosed in EP 193,360, including, for example, the 45/45/10 terpolymer of acrylic/maleic/vinyl alcohol.

Another polymeric material which can be included is polyethylene glycol (PEG). PEG can exhibit dispersing agent performance as well as act as a clay soil removal and anti-redeposition agent. Typical molecular weight ranges for these purposes range from about 500 to about 100,000, preferably from about

1 ,000 to about 50,000, and more preferably from about 1 ,500 to about 10,000.

Polyaspartate and polyglutamate dispersing agents may also be used, especially in conjunction with zeolite builders. Dispersing agents such as polyaspartate preferably have a molecular weight (avg.) of about 10,000.

A group of preferred clay soil removal/anti-redeposition agents are the cationic compounds disclosed in European Patent Application 111 ,965, Oh and Gosselink, published June 27, 1984. Other clay soil removal/antiredeposition agents which can be used include the ethoxylated amine polymers disclosed in European Patent Application 111 ,984, Gosselink, published June 27, 1984; the zwitterionic polymers disclosed in European Patent Application 112,592, Gosselink, published July 4, 1984; and the amine oxides disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,548,744, Connor, issued October 22, 1985. Other clay soil removal and/or anti-redeposition agents known in the art can also be utilized in the compositions herein. Another type of preferred anti-redeposition agent includes the carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) materials. Builders

The rinse aid used in the compositions of the present invention may also comprise builders to assist in controlling mineral hardness. Inorganic as well as organic builders can be used.

Inorganic or P-containing builders include, but are not limited to, the alkali metal, ammonium and alkanolammonium salts of polyphosphates (exemplified by the tripolyphosphates, pyrophosphates, and glassy polymeric meta- phosphates), phosphonates, phytic acid, silicates, carbonates (including bicarbonates and sesquicarbonates), sulphates, and aluminosilicates. However, non-phosphate builders are required in some locales. Importantly, the compositions herein function surprisingly well even in the presence of the so- called "weak" builders (as compared with phosphates) such as citrate, or in the so-called "underbuilt" situation that may occur with zeolite or layered silicate builders.

Examples of silicate builders are the alkali metal silicates, particularly those having a SiO2 :Na2O ratio in the range 1.6:1 to 3.2:1 and layered silicates, such as the layered sodium silicates; NaSKS-6 is the trademark for a crystalline layered silicate marketed by Hoechst (commonly abbreviated herein as "SKS-6"). Unlike zeolite builders, the Na-SKS-6 silicate builder does not contain aluminum. Na-SKS-6 has the delta-Na2 SiO5 morphology form of layered silicate. SKS-6 is a highly preferred layered silicate for use herein, but other such layered silicates, such as those having the general formula NaMSix O2x+1.yH2 O wherein M is sodium or hydrogen, x is a number from 1.9 to 4, preferably 2, and y is a number from 0 to 20, preferably 0 can be used herein. Various other layered silicates from Hoechst include NaSKS-5, NaSKS-7 and NaSKS-1 1 , as the alpha, beta and gamma forms. As noted above, the delta-Na2 SiO5 (NaSKS-6 form) is most preferred for use herein.

Aluminosilicate builders are useful in the present invention. Useful aluminosilicate ion exchange materials are commercially available. These aluminosilicates can be crystalline or amorphous in structure and can be naturally-occurring aluminosilicates or synthetically derived. A method for producing aluminosilicate ion exchange materials is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,985,669, Krummel, et al, issued Oct. 12, 1976. Preferred synthetic crystalline aluminosilicate ion exchange materials useful herein are available under the designations Zeolite A, Zeolite P (B), Zeolite MAP and Zeolite X. Particularly preferred is Zeolite A. Dehydrated zeolites may also be used herein. Preferably, the aluminosilicate has a particle size of about 0.1-10 microns in diameter.

Citrate builders, e.g., citric acid and soluble salts thereof (particularly sodium salt), are polycarboxylate builders of particular importance for liquid detergent formulations due to their availability from renewable resources and their biodegradability. Also suitable in the compositions of the present invention are the 3,3- dicarboxy-4-oxa-1 ,6-hexanedioates and the related compounds. Useful succinic acid builders include the C5 -C20 alkyl and alkenyl succinic acids and salts thereof. A particularly preferred compound of this type is dodecenylsuccinic acid. Specific examples of succinate builders include: laurylsuccinate, myristylsuccinate, palmitylsuccinate, 2-dodecenylsuccinate (preferred), 2- pentadecenylsuccinate, and the like. Laurylsuccinates are the preferred builders of this group.

Fatty acids, e.g., C12 -C18 monocarboxylic acids, can also be incorporated into the compositions alone, or in combination with the aforesaid builders, especially citrate and/or the succinate builders, to provide additional builder activity.

In situations where phosphorus-based builders can be used, the various alkali metal phosphates such as the well-known sodium tripolyphosphates, sodium pyrophosphate and sodium orthophosphate can be used. Phosphonate builders such as ethane-1-hydroxy-1 ,1-diphosphonate and other known phosphonates can also be used. FLOCCULENT SYSTEM

The flocculent system useful herein can remove soils contained in the water to be used to prepare the treated water. The flocculent system is particularly advantageous for use in locations where water supply is unstable, or lacking infrastructure. The flocculent system herein provides a floe when contacted with the soils in the water. Therefore, the user can use a treated water which has significantly decreased amount of soil by removing the floe. If the floe has lower density than water, the floe can be scopped away from the surface prior to use. If the floe has higher density than water, the upper layer water can be decanted or scooped for use. In one embodiment, the flocculent system may be used independently for providing a purified water suitable for applying to the hair.

The flocculent system can be in the form of a solid, or a liquid such as an aqueous solution, and can be provided as a kit with the conditioning composition, or housed separately in a multiple compartment package, as described below. In either case when a flocculent system is comprised in the present product, the conditioning agent is preferably selected from those which are highly soluble in water to avoid loss of the conditioning agent from the water by reacting with the flocculent system prior to use. When the flocculent system is comprised in the conditioning composition, the amount of conditioning agent in the composition is determined in consideration of the expected loss caused by reaction with the flocculent system upon release to the water. When the flocculent system is provided as an independent composition from the conditioning composition, the flocculent system can be contacted with water prior to the conditioning composition so that the soils are removed effectively and/or so that the amount of conditioning agent lost by reaction with the flocculent system is decreased.

The flocculent system comprises a primary flocculent and a secondary flocculent. The primary flocculent is selected from multivalent cations and polyethyleneimines. The secondary flocculent is selected from the group consisting of anionic polyelectrolytes, nonionic polyelectrolytes, cationic polyelectrolytes, and compatible mixtures thereof.

Examples of multivalent cations useful as the primary flocculent are salts, including polymeric salts, of aluminium, manganese II or iron III. Preferred examples are aluminium salts. One preferred source of aluminium ions is aluminium chloride. A further preferred source or aluminium ions is aluminium sulphate. A further preferred source of aluminium ions is polymeric aluminium chloride. A further preferred source of aluminiumm is polyaluminium silicate sulphate. Use of aluminium polyvalent metal ions is preferred. Whilst anhydrous or hydrated salts may both be used, hydrated salts are preferred. In particular, aluminium sulphate and aluminium chloride have been found to be particularly beneficial as they produce floes which are rapidly formed and which may float to the surface of the waste-water and can therefore be easily removed. In a particularly preferred aspect of the invention, hydrated salts of aluminium are used as flocculent. AICl3.6H2O and Al2(SO )3.16H2O are preferred, as these have been found to promote especially rapid floe flotation in waste-water from household washing processes, particularly laundry liquors.

Suitable secondary flocculents are organic polyelectrolytes. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, cationic polymers, preferably having a high molecular weight are preferred. However, in accordance with a further preferred embodiment of the invention anionic and/or nonionic polyelectrolytes are preferred as the secondary flocculent.

Many suitable synthetic cationic polymeric materials are available and these are generally high molecular weight polyamides or polyamines. Particularly preferred are derivatives of polyacrylamide. Preferred molecular weights (Mw) based on viscosity measurements are in the range 105 to 107. Preferably the molecular weight will be above 4x106, most preferably above 5x10 . Molecular weights around 6x10 or higher are particularly preferred. The cationic polyelectrolytes are polymers preferably having a degree of cationicity (percentage of the number of side groups which are reacted to provide a cationic group) greater than 20%, more preferably greater than 30%, and even more preferably greater than 40% or even above 60%. Particularly preferred materials have a molecular weight above 4 X 106 and a cationicity greater than 40%. Suitable materials may be made by copolymerisation of acrylamide and quaternary ammonium polyacrylamides. Examples of suitable polymers include Zetag 89, Praestol 61 1 BC, Calfloc 1552, 1506 and 1508, and Polymin KP97 (tradenames).

Nonionic and anionic polymers are also known in the art as flocculents, and in a highly preferred aspect of the invention, the secondary flocculent comprises a nonionic and/or anionic flocculent. Suitable anionic or nonionic polyelectrolytes are generally water-soluble high molecular weight acrylamide polymers. These may be polymers of methacrylamide but are preferably polymers of acrylamide. Other monomers may be copolymerised with the (meth) acrylamide to impart anionic properties. Preferred polymers, such as polyacrylamides, have a high molecular weight, for example, above 1 million and often 2 to 30 million, and normally having intrinsic viscosity (in dl/g), above 5 and generally above 8. For very high molecular weights which may also be suitable, the intrinsic viscosity may even be above 10 and typically 12 to 16 or higher. Preferred polymers may have solution viscosities (as measured in a Fann viscometer at 25°C, based on a 1 % solution in deionised water, and at a shear rate of 5.1 1 sec"1) of at least 350 cps, preferably at least 500, or even at least 1000 cps. The molecular weight is preferably greater than 2 x 106 and preferably no greater than 20 x 106. An additional benefit may arise on addition of the alkali-source as effervescence may result due to reaction with polyvalent metal ions or other acid source present in the waste water. Such alkali-source is described above under the section "GAS FORMING PARTICLES". This may be desirable to promote floe flotation. METHOD OF CONDITIONING AND PRODUCT FORM

The present invention is also directed to a method of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of:

(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; (b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to about 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and

(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water. Steps (a) and (b) can be reversed. In the method of the present invention, the conditioning composition is dissolved or dispersed in water, and the treated water thus obtained is applied to the hair. The term "treated water" as used herein describes water provided by the user and to which at least the conditioning composition is dissolved or dispersed, and in addition, optionally other components such as gas forming particles, rinse aid systems, and flocculent systems are dissolved or dispersed in the same water. Such treated water is applied to the hair after a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant is applied and worked through the hair. Thus, rinsing the hair with treated water provides two functions at the same time, namely, it washes away the shampoo composition and soils from the hair while also providing conditioning benefit to the hair. This allows the user to provide conditioning benefits to the hair without using water excess to the amount that would be used for shampooing the hair. The treated water can be made in a basin, or in a package provided with the present composition for making the treated water, typically a basin available in the user's home.

The shampoo composition to be used in step (a) can be any composition comprising detersive surfactants and is suitable for washing off soils from the hair. The term detersive surfactant, as used herein, is intended to distinguish these surfactants from surfactants which are primarily emulsifying surfactants, i.e. surfactants which provide an emulsifying benefit and which have low cleansing performance. It is recognized that most surfactants have both detersive and emulsifying properties. It is not intended to exclude emulsifying surfactants from the present invention, provided the surfactant also possesses sufficient detersive properties to be useful herein. Detersive surfactants are typically selected from the group consisting of anionic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants, nonionic surfactants, and mixtures thereof. In one preferred embodiment, at least an anionic surfactant is included in the shampoo composition to be used in step (a), and a cationic conditioning agent is included in the conditioning composition to be used in step (c). The present invention is also directed to a method of purifying water for applying to the hair comprising the step of adding a rinse aid system or a flocculent system to the water, both systems described in detail above. The term "purified water" as used herein describes water provided by the user and to which the rinse aid system or the flocculent system is dissolved or dispersed in the water. It has been surprisingly found that, when the pre-purified water contains a high amount of heavy metal ions and salts, the purified water obtained by the method herein can provide benefit to the hair when applied, such as soft feel to the hair, even without conditioning agents, as compared to the pre-purified water. The present invention is also directed to a method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of:

(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;

(b) providing a treated water made by contacting with a flocculent system and dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition, and

(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water.

Steps (a) and (b) may be reversed. Step (b) may comprise two steps when the flocculent system is provided as an independent composition from the conditioning composition, namely;

(b-1 ) contacting a flocculent system with water to make a purified water; and (b-2) dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to the purified water. Providing the treated water in two steps may be advantageous in that the soils in the water are removed effectively and/or that the amount of conditioning agent lost by reaction with the flocculent system is decreased.

For providing a conditioning benefit to the hair while not negatively affecting the rinsing ability of the shampoo composition and soils from the hair, the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to about 2%, preferably from about 0.01 % to about 0.5% of conditioning agent. In order for the user to achieve this suitable concentration of treated water, the conditioning composition of the present invention is provided in a package means containing a unit dose of the conditioning composition, or with a measuring means. When the present composition is provided in a form that would require making the treated water in a vessel provided by the user, for example a basin, the dosage of the composition is determined based on the amount of water contained in an average size basin. When the present composition is provided with a package means for making the treated water, the dosage of the composition is based on the volume of such package. Such package is preferably in a form suitable for the user to hold in the hand, which is described in detail below. The measuring means can be a scale or indicator on the package showing the amount of conditioner composition to be used, or a dispensing means for providing a predetermined amount, such as an actuated pump head. The conditioning composition of the present invention can be provided in any form which is suitable for transportation and storage at ambient temperatures, and is readily applicable to the water upon use to make the treated water. As the conditioning composition is designed to readily dissolve or disperse in water, the composition is typically easily degraded by humidity. Packaging for any product form is selected to avoid humidity and preferably, accidental contact with water.

The conditioning composition of the present invention can be in the form of a liquid such as a gel or paste, the carrier of the liquid typically being water and/or water-soluble solvents. Suitable packaging for such product form include sachets, constructed packaging having one or more compartments. When a carrier containing little or no water is used, a water soluble coating may be used.

The conditioning composition of the present invention can be in the form of a solid such as powders, particles, tablets, and capsules, made by spray dry, granulation, tabletting, freeze-dry, and other suitable methods. When the conditioning composition is freeze-dried or spray-dried, the composition may consist of 100% conditioning agent. Otherwise, binders, processing aids, gas forming particles described above, and other components may be contained in the solid form. Solid articles of unit dose such as tablets and capsules containing the gas forming particles are particularly useful herein. Suitable packaging for such product forms include any packaging forms as mentioned above, flexible wrappers, and other structured packaging such as press-through blister packaging. WATER SOLUBLE COATING

The conditioning composition and other benefit providing components of the present invention can be provided in water soluble coating, preferably in unit dosage amounts. Such compositions are substantially free of water so that the contents do not leak or degrade the composition or coating material prior to use. The water soluble coating is in a closed structure, preferably in the form of a pouch. The shape of the pouch may be in any form suitable for handling, and may comprise multiple compartments as described below. The compositions housed in water soluble coating may further be contained in other packaging useful for transportation and storage.

The water soluble coating is made from a water-soluble film having a solubility of at least 50%, preferably 95%. Useful polymer material for making the water-soluble film include polyvinyl alcohols, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyalkylene oxides, acrylamide, acrylic acid, cellulose, cellulose ethers, cellulose esters, cellulose amides, polyvinyl acetates, polycarboxylic acids and salts, polyaminoacids or peptides, polyamides, polyacrylamide, copolymers of maleic/acrylic acids, polysaccharides including starch and gelatine, natural gums such as xanthum and carragum. More preferably the polymer is selected from polyacrylates and water-soluble acrylate copolymers, methylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, dextrin, ethylcellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, maltodextrin, polymethacrylates, still preferably polyvinyl alcohols, polyvinyl alcohol copolymers and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC). Mixtures of polymers can also be used to control the mechanical and/or dissolution properties of the compartment or pouch, depending on the application thereof and the required needs. It may be preferred that a mixture of polymers is used, having different weight average molecular weights, for example a mixture of PVA or a copolymer thereof of a weight average molecular weight of 10,000- 40,000, preferably around 20,000, and of PVA or copolymer thereof, with a weight average molecular weight of about 100,000 to 300,000, preferably around 150,000. Also useful are polymer blend compositions, for example comprising hydrolytically degradable and water- soluble polymer blend such as polylactide and polyvinyl alcohol, achieved by the mixing of polylactide and polyvinyl alcohol, typically comprising 1-35% by weight polylactide and approximately from 65% to 99% by weight polyvinyl alcohol, if the material is to be water-dispersible, or water-soluble. It may be preferred that the polymer present in the film is from 60-98% hydrolysed, preferably 80% to 90%, to improve the dissolution of the material. Most preferred are films which are water-soluble and stretchable films, as described above. Highly preferred water-soluble films are films which comprise PVA polymers and that have similar properties to the film known under the trade reference M8630, as sold by Chris-Craft Industrial Products of Gary, Indiana, US. The pouch can be made by a process comprising the steps of contacting a composition herein to a water-soluble film in such a way as to partially enclose said composition to obtain a partially formed pouch, optionally contacting said partially formed pouch with a second water-soluble film, and then sealing said partially formed pouch to obtain a pouch. Pouches having multiple compartments can be made. MULTIPLE COMPARTMENT PACKAGE

The conditioning composition and other benefit providing components of the present invention can be provided by being independently housed in a package having multiple compartments. A first compartment can be used for housing the conditioning composition, while a second compartment can be used for housing another component which may react or degrade when in contact with the conditioning composition or with each other, or which function better when contacted with the conditioning composition upon use, or which are contacted with water in a subsequent manner. Such compositions suitable to be housed in the second compartment include the flocculent system as described above, the rinse aid system described above, the gas forming particles as described above, and perfumes and colorants. The multiple compartment package herein may comprise third and forth compartments for independently housing the components above. The amount of compositions and components housed in any of the compartments are preferably in a unit dosage amount. The gas forming particle may be housed independently from the conditioning composition in a multiple compartment package. By providing the product in such way, conditioning compositions comprising water, which would otherwise be incompatible with the gas forming particles, may be released into the water with the gas forming particles upon use. Perfumes and colorants may be housed independently from the conditioning composition in a multiple compartment package. By providing the product in such way, aesthetic benefits are provided to the user upon use.

The rinse aid system may be housed independently from the conditioning composition in a multiple compartment package. By providing the product in such way, conditioning compositions comprising components reactive over time with one or more of the rinse aid system components may be released into the water upon use to minimize such reaction.

The flocculent system may be housed independently from the conditioning composition in a multiple compartment package. By providing the product in such way, conditioning compositions comprising components reactive over time with the flocculent system may be released into the water upon use to minimize such reaction. It is also advantageous to provide the product in such way when the flocculent system is released to the water prior to the conditioning composition. The multiple compartment package may be made by the material useful for water soluble coating, as described above, if the components to be housed are compatible with the water soluble coating material. It is possible to make the walls for separating the components by the same water soluble coating material, so that the entire package dissolves or disperses in water. Such multiple compartment water soluble pouches are particularly preferred in that the pouch can be released in water without mixing with each other or opening one or more mouths of a package. Water soluble coating which houses a structured solid article, such as a tablet, typically possesses the same structural stability as the structured solid article itself. Therefore, it is possible to make multiple compartment water soluble pouches which house a structured solid article in one compartment, and a non-structured article in another compartment, yet still maintaining structural stability.

The multiple compartment package may be made by rigidly or flexibly structured material which do not react with water. Structured multiple compartment packaging include any known in the field of personal care, fabric care, home care, or foods. Particularly useful are those used in the personal care field for liquid products for use of sampling and/or in unit dosage form, and those used in the foods field for unit dosage liquid seasoning.

One preferred embodiment is explained herein with reference to Figs. 1 and 2.

The multiple compartment package of Fig. 1 contains a first compartment 1 , a second compartment 2, a peripheral seal area 7 and an intermediate seal area 6. The cross section view of the same package is provided in Fig. 2. The intermediate seal area 6 is provided to have a weaker sealing than the peripheral seal area 7. Upon opening the package, physical pressure is added to either or both of the first and second compartments to break the intermediate seal area 6. The sealing strength of intermediate seal area 6 and peripheral seal area 7 are arranged so that, the peripheral seal area 7 is not broken at this time. By breaking of the intermediate seal area 6, a mixture of the conditioning composition and another component is provided within the package. The mixed product thus obtained is finally excreted out of the package to water to prepare a treated water. Referring to Fig. 1 , notches 3 and perforation area 4 may be provided to conveniently make a spout 5 by ripping tearing apart the package at the perforation area. HAND HELD CONTAINER

The conditioning composition of the present invention may be provided in a kit with a hand held container. The hand held container referred to herein comprises:

(a) a housing for preparing the treated water, the housing having a dispensing passage;

(b) the dispensing passage including a distal end; and

(c) an applicator attached to the distal end for applying the treated water to the hair.

When the conditioning composition is not provided in unit dosage form, the housing should provide a measuring means for measuring the amount of conditioning composition used for preparing the treated water in view of the volume of the housing. By using the hand held container, the user can prepare and apply the treated water without the use of a basin, or other articles. This further prevents contacting of hands and eyes during the preparation of the treated water, which may or may not generate heat and splashes by water dissolving reactions and releasing of gas by dissolving of gas forming particles.

These structural elements are explained herein with reference to Figs. 3 and 4. Referring to Fig. 3, this container comprises, as essential structural elements, a housing 1 , a dispensing passage 2 having a distal end 3, and an applicator 4 attached to the distal end. The container may further contain other structural elements.

The shape of the housing is extremely variable. Preferably, the shape and material are such as to allow the container to be easily and conveniently handled, thereby providing an ergonomic size and shape which makes it comfortable to hold in the hand. The container preferably seals easily and remains sealed during use so that the treated water does not leak out. Preferred housing materials include plastics and polymers, flexible materials such as films and laminated papers, rubber, glass, metal, and combinations thereof. More preferred housing materials include rubber, and plastics such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyethylene terephthalate. The housing must have sufficient structural rigidity for holding and for controlling the amount of treated water to dispense. More rigid containers with round and oval cross-sections are popular with users, however, other shapes, such as squares or rectangles can be used, for example, to improve storage profiles. It is preferred that the housing be designed so as to easily fit the user's hand, to facilitate handling, holding, shaking, etc,. Projections 5 and 6 as depicted in Fig. 4 are convenient embodiments. It has been found that housings with cross sections having a plane of symmetry are easily held and ergonomically pleasing. It is preferred that housings having such shapes be used herein. It is preferred that the housing and the container be of a reusable type, and the design should therefore facilitate easy reuse, refilling, and cleaning. It is also preferable that the container be shaped and balanced such that it remains standing upright when placed on a flat surface.

The housing typically contains a mouth for adding the conditioning composition and water. For convenient use, the mouth should be of sufficient width, such as depicted as 7 in Fig. 3.

Referring to Fig. 3, the dispensing passage 2 allows the user to dispense the treated water in the housing toward the distal end 3 where the applicator 4 is attached. The dispensing passage 2 may have the structure of a neck to allow a suitable angle to the applicator. The applicator 4 allows the user to apply the treated water directly onto the hair or scalp. The applicator has a design suitable for working through the hair, such as a comb or a brush. Preferred is a brush having bristles having an area comparable to hair brushes. An applicator so designed may providing effective rinsing benefits, as well as additional detangling and scalp massage benefits. Still preferred is an applicator so structured that relatively equal flow of treated water is provided by the bristles. In one preferred embodiment as depicted in Fig. 3, the applicator has a channel 41 directly beneath the base of the bristles 42, the channel being in communication with the dispensing passage. The channel 41 delivers the treated water to a plurality of projections, one being 43. By arranging the projections so that they are more or less equally distributed, as depicted in Fig. 4, a relatively equal flow of treated water is provided to the entire area of the applicator, thereby, to the hair. The applicator can be made of any applicable material, such as plastics, rubber, and combinations thereof. Preferred materials for the applicator include polyethylene, polypropylene, plastics, and combinations thereof.

Other possible variations, functions, and method of manufacturing of the hand held container are disclosed in detail in WO 98/16438 and WO 99/07272, both assigned to The Procter & Gamble Company.

EXAMPLES

The following examples further describe and demonstrate embodiments within the scope of the present invention. The examples are given solely for the purpose of illustration and are not to be construed as limitations of the present invention, as many variations thereof are possible without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Ingredients are identified by chemical or CTFA name, or otherwise defined below.

Examples 1 through 7 are hair conditioning compositions of the present invention which are used by dissolving in water to make a treated water and applying the treated water to the shampooed hair. Compositions of Examples 1 through 2

Water to make to make to make to make to make 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Definitions of Components

* 1 Distearyl dimethyl ammoium chloride: Varisoft TA100 available from Goldschmidt

Polyquaternium-4: Celquat L200 available from National Starch

*3 Polyquaternium-24: Quaterisoft Polymer LM-200 available from Amerchol *4 Polyquaternium-7: Merquat 2200 available from Calgon *5 Silicone Blend: CF1213 Dimethicone / Cyclomethicone blend available from GE Silicones

*6 Suds Suppresser: Wacker SE39 available from Wacker Chemie *7 Sequestrant: Hydroxyethyldiphosphonic Acid

"8 Chelant: Diethyleneaminepentamethylphosphonic Acid

Method of Preparation

The compositions of Examples 1 through 7 as shown above can be prepared by any conventional method.

Examples 1 through 5 can be made by mixing the components, as necessary with agitation and elevated temperature. The resulting compositions provide a paste form. The paste form composition can be filled into a bottle having a pump providing unit dosage amount of the paste. Unit dosage amount of this paste form composition can be filled into a sachet made of plastic film which does not interact with the composition.

Example 6 can be made by mixing the components. The resulting composition provides a powder form. Unit dosage amount of this powder form composition can be packaged into a sachet made of plastic film, an aluminium laminated flexible wrapper, or a water soluble coating made of polyvinyl pyrrolidone and polyethylene glycol.

Example 7 can be made by mixing the components and compressing. The resulting composition provides a tablet form. Unit dosage amount of this tablet form composition can be packaged into a sachet made of plastic film, an aluminium laminated flexible wrapper, a blister pack, a water soluble coating made of polyvinyl pyrrolidone and polyethylene glycol. Any of the packaged forms described above for Examples 1-7 can be provided as a kit in combination with a hand held container of Fig. 4.

The embodiments disclosed and represented by the previous examples have many advantages. For example, they can be dissolved or dispersed completely in water with or without the aid of the hand held container. Further, upon and after application to the shampooed hair, they can provide conditioning benefit such as soft and smooth hair feel, easy wet and dry hair coming, and shine.

It is understood that the examples and embodiments described herein are for illustrative purposes only and that various modifications or changes in light thereof will be suggested to one skilled in the art without departing from its spirit and scope.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A hair conditioning composition for preparing a treated water for applying to the hair; the treated water prepared by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition, the composition comprising 0.01 % to 100% by weight of a conditioning agent selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, silicone compounds, and mixtures thereof.
2. The conditioning composition according to Claim 1 comprising from about 0.1 % to about 30% of the conditioning agent and water as a carrier.
3. The conditioning composition of Claim 2 comprising from about 2% to about 10% of a cationic surfactant and from about 2% to about 10% of a cationic polymer.
4. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 which is substantially free of water.
5. The conditioning composition of Claim 4 further comprising a gas forming particle.
6. The conditioning composition of Claim 4 provided in a water soluble coating.
7. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 wherein the conditioning agent is selected from silicone compounds.
8. The conditioning composition of Claim 7 further comprising a rinse aid system, the rinse aid system comprising; a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
9. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 wherein the conditioning agent is selected from those which are highly water soluble.
10. The conditioning composition of Claim 9 further comprising a flocculent system, the flocculent system comprising:
(a) a primary flocculent selected from multivalent cations, polyethyleneimines, and mixtures thereof; and
(b) a secondary flocculent selected from the group consisting of anionic polyelectrolytes, nonionic polyelectrolytes, cationic polyelectrolytes, and compatible mixtures thereof.
11. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 provided in the form of a freeze- dried or spray-dried solid article.
12. The conditioning composition of any of the claims above provided in a unit dosage form.
13. A kit product comprising the conditioning composition of Claim 1 or 5 and a rinse aid system, the rinse aid system comprising; a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
14. A kit product comprising the conditioning composition of Claim 1 or 5 and a flocculent system, the flocculent system comprising:
(a) a primary flocculent selected from multivalent cations, polyethyleneimines, and mixtures thereof; and
(b) a secondary flocculent selected from the group consisting of anionic polyelectrolytes, nonionic polyelectrolytes, cationic polyelectrolytes, and compatible mixtures thereof.
15. A kit product comprising the conditioning composition of Claim 1 and a hand held container for preparing the treated water, the hand held container comprising:
(a) a housing for preparing a treated water, the housing having a dispensing passage;
(b) the dispensing passage including a distal end; and
(c) an applicator attached to the distal end for applying the treated water to the hair.
16. A multiple compartment packaging product comprising a first compartment and a second compartment, the first compartment housing the composition of Claim 1.
17. The product of Claim 16 wherein the second compartment houses a gas forming particle.
18. The product of Claim 16 wherein the second compartment houses a rinse aid system, the rinse aid system comprising; a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
19. The product of Claim 16 wherein the second compartment houses one or more of perfumes and colorants.
20. The product of Claim 16 wherein the second compartment houses a flocculent system, the flocculent system comprising:
(a) a primary flocculent selected from multivalent cations, polyethyleneimines, and mixtures thereof; and
(b) a secondary flocculent selected from the group consisting of anionic polyelectrolytes, nonionic polyelectrolytes, cationic polyelectrolytes, and compatible mixtures thereof.
21. The product of Claim 16 further comprising an additional one to two compartments, the second and additional one or two compartments independently housing components selected from the group consisting of a gasified particle, a rinse aid system, one or more of perfumes and colorants, and a flocculent system; wherein the rinse aid system comprises a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof; and wherein the flocculent system comprises: (a) a primary flocculent selected from multivalent cations, polyethyleneimines, and mixtures thereof; and
(b) a secondary flocculent selected from the group consisting of anionic polyelectrolytes, nonionic polyelectrolytes, cationic polyelectrolytes, and compatible mixtures thereof.
22. A method of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of;
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;
(b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition of any of Claims 1 through 21 to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water.
23. A method of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of;
(a) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition of any of Claims 1 through 21 to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition;
(b) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water.
24. The method of Claim 22 or 23 wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.01 % to about 0.5% of the conditioning agent.
25. The method of Claim 22 or 23 wherein the treated water is prepared and applied to the hair by using a hand held container, the hand held container comprising:
(a) a housing for preparing the treated water by mixing water and the conditioning composition, the housing having a dispensing passage;
(b) the dispensing passage including a distal end; and
(c) an applicator attached to the distal end for applying the treated water to the hair.
26. A method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of:
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;
(b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition of Claim 8 or 10 to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition, and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water.
27. A method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition of Claim 8 or 10 to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition;
(b) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water.
28. A method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair by using the product of Claim 13, 14, 18, 20 or 21 , comprising the steps of:
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;
(b) contacting the rinse aid system or the flocculent system with water to make a purified water;
(c) dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to the purified water wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001 % to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and
(d) rinsing the hair with the treated water.
29. A method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair by using the product of Claim 13, 14, 18, 20 or 21 , comprising the steps of:
(a) contacting the rinse aid system or the flocculent system with water to make a purified water;
(b) dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to the purified water wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition;
(c) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; and
(d) rinsing the hair with the treated water.
30. A method of purifying water for applying to the hair comprising the step of adding a rinse aid system to water, the rinse aid system comprising; a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
31. A method of purifying water for applying to the hair comprising the step of adding a flocculent system to water, the flocculent system comprising:
(a) a primary flocculent selected from multivalent cations, polyetheylene imines, and mixtures thereof; and
(b) a secondary flocculent selected from the group consisting of anionic polyelectrolytes, nonionic polyelectrolytes, cationic polyelectrolytes, and compatible mixtures thereof.
AMENDED CLAIMS
[received by the International Bureau on 14 January 2002 (14.01.02); original claims 1-31 replaced by new claims 1-18 (4 pages)]
1. A hair conditioning composition comprising 0.01% to 100% by weight of a conditioning agent selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, and mixtures thereof; wherein the hair conditioning composition is used for conditioning the hair comprising the steps of;
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;
(b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the hair conditioning composition to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water; wherein steps (a) and (b) may be reversed.
2. A hair conditioning composition for preparing a treated water for applying to the hair; the treated water prepared by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition, the composition comprising 0.01% to 100% by weight of a conditioning agent selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, and mixtures thereof; wherein the conditioning agent contains at least silicone compounds.
3. The conditioning composition according to Claim 1 or 2 comprising from about 0.1 % to about 30% of the conditioning agent and water as a carrier.
4. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 or 2 comprising from about 1% to about 10% of a cationic surfactant and from about 1% to about 10% of a cationic polymer.
5. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 or 2 which is substantially free of water.
6. The conditioning composition of Claim 5 further comprising a gas forming particle.
7. The conditioning composition of Claim 5 provided in a water soluble coating.
8. The conditioning composition of Claim 2 further comprising a rinse aid system, the rinse aid system selected from the group consisting of a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
9. The conditioning composition of Claim 1 or 2 wherein the conditioning agent is selected from those which are highly water soluble.
10. The conditioning composition of any of the claims above provided in a unit dosage form.
11. A kit product comprising the conditioning composition of Claim 1 or 6 and a rinse aid system, the rinse aid system selected from the group consisting of a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
12. A multiple compartment packaging product comprising a first compartment and a second compartment, the first compartment housing the composition of Claim 1 or 2.
13. The product of Claim 12 wherein the second compartment houses a rinse aid system, the rinse aid system selected from the group consisting of a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
14. A method of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of;
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair; (b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition of any of Claims 1 through 13 to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to about 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water; wherein steps (a) and (b) may be reversed.
15. The method of Claim 14 wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.01% to about 0.5% of the conditioning agent.
16. A method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair comprising the steps of:
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;
(b) providing a treated water made by dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition of Claim 8 to water, wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition, and
(c) rinsing the hair with the treated water, wherein steps (a) and (b) may be reversed.
17. A method of purifying water in the process of conditioning the hair by using the product of Claim 11 or 13, comprising the steps of:
(a) applying a shampoo composition comprising a detersive surfactant to the hair;
(b) contacting the rinse aid system with water to make a purified water;
(c) dissolving or dispersing the conditioning composition to the purified water wherein the treated water has a concentration by weight of from about 0.001% to abut 2% of the conditioning agent of the conditioning composition; and
(d) rinsing the hair with the treated water; wherein step (a) may be conducted between steps (c) and (d).
18. A method of purifying water for applying to the hair comprising the step of adding a rinse aid system to water, the rinse aid system selected from the group consisting of a pH control agent for suppressing the pH to below 6.5, a suds suppressing agent, a metal ion control agent, a crystal growth inhibitor, a dispersant polymer, a builder, and mixtures thereof.
PCT/US2000/024973 2000-09-13 2000-09-13 Concentrated conditioning composition WO2002022089A1 (en)

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PCT/US2000/024973 WO2002022089A1 (en) 2000-09-13 2000-09-13 Concentrated conditioning composition
EP20010973001 EP1317240A2 (en) 2000-09-13 2001-09-13 Transparent concentrated hair conditioning composition
CA 2422048 CA2422048A1 (en) 2000-09-13 2001-09-13 Transparent concentrated hair conditioning composition
PCT/US2001/028474 WO2002022084A3 (en) 2000-09-13 2001-09-13 Concentrated hair conditioning composition
PCT/US2001/028475 WO2002022085A3 (en) 2000-09-13 2001-09-13 Transparent concentrated hair conditioning composition
JP2002526339A JP2004509860A (en) 2000-09-13 2001-09-13 Transparent concentrated hair conditioning compositions
CN 01815321 CN1457252A (en) 2000-09-13 2001-09-13 Transparent concentrated hair conditioning composition

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CA2422048A1 (en) 2002-03-21 application
WO2002022084A2 (en) 2002-03-21 application
WO2002022085A2 (en) 2002-03-21 application
CN1457252A (en) 2003-11-19 application
WO2002022084A3 (en) 2002-06-27 application
WO2002022085A3 (en) 2002-06-27 application
EP1317240A2 (en) 2003-06-11 application
JP2004509860A (en) 2004-04-02 application

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