WO2001064125A1 - Guide post for trephine - Google Patents

Guide post for trephine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2001064125A1
WO2001064125A1 PCT/GB2001/000831 GB0100831W WO0164125A1 WO 2001064125 A1 WO2001064125 A1 WO 2001064125A1 GB 0100831 W GB0100831 W GB 0100831W WO 0164125 A1 WO0164125 A1 WO 0164125A1
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WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
post
bore
cutter
characterised
apparatus according
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB2001/000831
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Hans Gustav Kurer
Original Assignee
Hans Gustav Kurer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C13/00Dental prostheses; Making same
    • A61C13/225Fastening prostheses in the mouth
    • A61C13/30Fastening of peg-teeth in the mouth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1637Hollow drills or saws producing a curved cut, e.g. cylindrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C1/00Dental machines for boring or cutting ; General features of dental machines or apparatus, e.g. hand-piece design
    • A61C1/08Machine parts specially adapted for dentistry
    • A61C1/082Positioning or guiding, e.g. of drills
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C1/00Dental machines for boring or cutting ; General features of dental machines or apparatus, e.g. hand-piece design
    • A61C1/08Machine parts specially adapted for dentistry
    • A61C1/082Positioning or guiding, e.g. of drills
    • A61C1/084Positioning or guiding, e.g. of drills of implanting tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C3/00Dental tools or instruments
    • A61C3/02Tooth drilling or cutting instruments; Instruments acting like a sandblast machine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C8/00Means to be fixed to the jaw-bone for consolidating natural teeth or for fixing dental prostheses thereon; Dental implants; Implanting tools
    • A61C8/0089Implanting tools or instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/17Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires
    • A61B17/1739Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/176Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the jaw

Abstract

A bore is cut into bone tissue to receive an inserted pin or post(7, 23). A pilot bore (2, 22) is formed with a reamer; the post is fixed in the bore, and an enlarged region (16, 29, 30, 31, 32) is formed at the top end of the bore using a tubular cutter (10, 17, 26) which is guided on the post. The enlarged region can be accurately cut even with a hand drill due to the guidance provided by the post. The cutter may have holes (15) or channels for circulation of cooling/lubricating liquid, and a swarf-removing slot (13) may be provided. When the technique is used in dentistry for replacement of a tooth crown, a tubular support element (29a) is fixed around the post in the bore enlargement.

Description

GUIDE POST FOR TREPHINE

TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention relates to the cutting of bores particularly in dental,

oral or orthopaedic surgery and is particularly although not exclusively

concerned with apparatus for use in dentistry to secure and support a

crown post and superstructure to a residual tooth understructure - the

remaining tooth root.

BACKGROUND ART

When cutting bores in tooth roots and in bone for location of inserted

posts, pins, screws and implants in dental surgery and also in oral or

orthopaedic surgery problems due to inaccuracy of the resulting diameter

can arise especially where access is limited.

For secure location of the inserted pin or post it is necessary or at

least desirable for the receiving bore to be cut with dimensions precisely

matched to those of the pin, post or screw. However, in conditions of

limited access, such as is the case where a bore is to be cut in a tooth root

or jaw bone, it may be necessary for the bore to be cut with a hand drill or

other manually controlled device whereby some degree of lateral movement

and consequent unwanted enlargement of the bore may be inevitable.

More specifically, in the context of dental surgery an artificial crown

can be fitted onto a sound tooth root by cementing a post into a bore in the

root and then fixing the crown onto a projecting portion of the post. Where the residual root and tooth structure extends above the gum

this on its own or supported by the post can ensure long term, secure

attachment between the post and the root. However, when the residual

root structure terminates at or below the gum it can be more difficult to

prevent loosening of the post in use.

With the aim of improving security of fixing it is well known to drill

a bore in the root structure and to use a matching post which is cemented

into the bore.

However, the diameter of the drilled bore tends to become enlarged

over the diameter of the drill or reamer whereby a post having the same

diameter as the drill bit tends to be too small in the bore i.e. fit badly and

hence loosen in use. When a threaded bore and post have been applied this

is particularly problematical since the post with attached crown may not be

readily removable for re-cementing without breaking and removing the

crown in so far as the crown has an irregular lower surface which mates

with the top surface of the root structure thereby resisting unscrewing of

the post.

Loosening of the post within the bore tends to occur more readily

when the upper (coronal) regions of the root structure are over-reamed.

This is common, and the fit tends to remain closer at the bottom (apical)

end of the bore. This can encourage pivotal movement of the post under

the action of transverse forces about a fulcrum (where it fits) and this can give rise to the generation of large, destructive forces to the root structure

as well as the cementing medium.

It is known to use a post which is enlarged in its upper (coronal) end

portion. This helps to avoid or limit damage by the fulcrum effect but it is

difficult for a dentist using hand tools to form accurately the required

shaped bore to receive and securely locate the special post profile.

A further problem in the cutting of bores is that heat is generated

during the cutting operation and there is the problem of ensuring adequate

removal or dissipation of this to prevent damage being caused to adjacent

root material or tissue.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

One object of the present invention is to provide an improved means

of achieving secure location of a pin or post in a cut bore in dental, oral and

orthopaedic surgery.

A further object is to provide an improved means of achieving secure

crown post anchoring which can be implemented by a technique which is

simple and convenient to perform particularly by a dentist using commonly

available tools and instruments.

A yet further object of the present invention is to provide improved

apparatus for use in cutting accurate bores in oral or orthopaedic surgery

to avoid or minimise adverse effects from heat produced during the cutting

procedure. According to one aspect of the present invention therefore there is

provided a method for surgically cutting a bore for location of an insert in

bone tissue comprising the steps of: cutting a pilot bore in the bone tissue from a surface thereof, locating a guide post in the bore, and forming an

enlarged region around the pilot bore with a tubular cutter known as a

trephine, the tubular cutter being located co-axially around and in contact

with the said guide post so as to be longitudinally guided thereby.

With this arrangement an accurate bore can be cut into which an

insert can be fitted in a secure and stable manner.

The mode of cutting the bore is such that a bore of desired

dimensions can be cut with great precision in a particularly simple and

convenient manner using a technique which can be readily performed by a

dentist or surgeon with instrumentation present in many dental surgeries

and operating theatres. Consequently, the technique can be applicable in

restorative dentistry and also may find utility in orthopaedic surgery e.g. in

the attachment of prosthesis which are implants or reinforcements to bones,

in the joining of bone structures, or for other purposes.

The simplicity of the technique arises from the use of a tubular cutter

or trephine, which is guided on and by the guide post.

Preferably the guide post is located in the pilot bore such that an

upper end portion of the guide post projects upwardly above the said

surface. This facilitates initial guidance of the cutter by the post and subsequently the projecting end portion may be cut or broken away or left

in position as desired. It may alternatively be possible to remove the post

after it has served its purpose of guiding the cutter.

The tubular cutter may be used to cut any desired length of

enlargement relative to the length of the post within the pilot bore. Thus,

the enlargement may be a minor proportion of the length of the pilot bore,

or a larger proportion, or even the entire length of the pilot bore.

Preferably, the guide post and tubular cutter are selected so the post

has a substantially constant external diameter, at least for a major

proportion of its length, and the tubular cutter has a constant internal

diameter which is essentially the same as the constant external diameter of

the guide post to give a close fit whilst permitting axial sliding and cutting

rotation.

The post may have a smooth outer surface or may be configured to

facilitate secure location in the pilot bore as for example by provision of an

external screw thread or other projecting conformation to aid penetration or

fixing or retention within the bore. Where a threaded post is used, the bore

may be provided with an internal screw thread e.g. by use of a tapping

device, prior to insertion of the guide post. It may also be self-tapping.

In order to facilitate removal of heat during cutting of the

enlargement, provision may be made for circulation of cooling or lubricating

liquid, such as water or saline, around the post in situ. Thus, for example, the post may have longitudinal grooves or channels in its outer surface, or

the post may be tubular with an internal passageway and one or more

apertures may be provided through a side wall of the tubular post in

communication with the internal passageway.

The guide post may possess a tapered leading end, to assist in its

insertion into the pilot bore.

The post may be formed as a metal or metal alloy pin, or a carbon

fibre reinforced resin structure or any other suitable device.

With regard to the tubular cutter, this may be formed with teeth or

other cutting or milling conformation such as diamonds on its leading end,

and there may be a drive connection conformation, such as a pair of

diametrically opposed outer longitudinal slots, possibly two pairs placed at

rights angles to each other on its trailing end for drive connection to a

rotatory hand drill or other power tool. Alternatively or additionally there

may be a friction fit or latch lock drive connection, or simply be engaged by

a chuck.

Preferably the tubular cutter is provided with a configuration for

releasing and removing swarf or cutting debris. In a particularly preferred

embodiment the cutter has at least one longitudinal channel or through slot

in its outer surface. This may run straight or may be curved preferably

helically. Most preferably there is a through slot extending from or near the

leading end of the cutter over a major part of the length of the cutter to a position close to or at a trailing end of the cutter. This slot may

communicate with a groove or channel over the end portion from the slot

to the trailing end.

The tubular cutter may be formed from metal or metallic alloy,

(carbon fibre reinforced resin) or any other suitable material.

The invention also provides apparatus for use in performing the above

method.

Thus, and in accordance with the second aspect of the invention

there is provided cutting apparatus for use in the cutting of an enlarged bore

in bone tissue comprising a drill cutter with which to form a pilot bore, an

optional tap to produce a thread in the pilot bore if required, a guide post

for insertion into and secure location within the pilot bore, and a tubular drill

cutter which fits co-axially in close fit around the guide post so as to be

rotatable and axially slideable relative thereto.

In accordance with a third aspect of the invention there is provided

a tubular cutter for use with the aforementioned apparatus, said cutter

having a cutting configuration at its leading end, and a drive connection

conformation at its trailing end. The drive connection conformation may be

as described above.

The cutter tube may also be provided with a swarf releasing and/or

removing configuration as described above.

Further, the tube may be provided with a configuration for circulation of a cooling and/or lubricating fluid as described above.

Other features of the tubular cutter and post may also be as

described above.

As mentioned, the invention is particularly suitable for use in restorative dentistry.

Thus, and in accordance with a fourth aspect of the invention there

is provided a method for providing anchoring for attachment of a crown or

dental superstructure to a residual tooth understructure (root) comprising

the steps of: fixing a post within a bore in the root so that an upper end

region of the post projects upwardly above a top end (coronal surface) of

the bore, forming an enlarged coronal region of the bore with a tubular

cutter with the cutter located co-axially around the projecting portion of the

post, and fixing a support element around the post within the enlarged

coronal region of the bore.

With this arrangement, the support element can act as a fulcrum

stabilizer to resist loosening and damaging pivotal movement of the post

under the action of transverse forces because it will fit precisely round the

post and into the root. The mode of cutting the bore enlargement is such

that a bore of desired dimensions can be cut with great precision in a

particularly simple and convenient manner which can be readily performed

by a dentist using instrumentation present in many dental surgeries. As

with the above first embodiment of the invention, this is a consequence of the use of a tubular cutter or trephine, which is guided on and by the

projecting end region of the post. The support element can be specially

designed to fit precisely into the enlarged bore and around the post.

In furtherance of this, and as with the first embodiment of the

invention, the post and cutter are preferably selected so that the post has

a constant external diameter at least in its coronal region and over the

adjacent region corresponding to the coronal portion of the bore, and the

tubular cutter has a constant internal diameter which is substantially the

same as the constant external diameter of the post to give a close fit whilst

permitting axial sliding and cutting rotation.

The post may be of constant external diameter over all or at least a

major part of its length and may be straight-edged as viewed in longitudinal

cross-section throughout that part of the post which is of constant external

diameter. Other arrangements are however also possible and if desired the

post may have parts of differing diameters and/or may have an external

screw thread or other projecting conformation to aid penetration or fixing

or retention within the bore.

The bore may be precut and the post may be fixed within this wholly

by cement or adhesive. Alternatively or additionally it may be fixed within

the pre-cut bore by interlocking configurations such as screw threads. It is

also possible to use the post as a self-tapping reamer or cutter, particularly

having an external screw thread, whereby the post is drilled into the understructure to form the bore and is then after cementing, left in position

as the anchoring post.

The post may be formed from any suitable material and thus may be

formed as a metal or metal alloy pin, or a carbon fiber reinforced resin

structure or the like.

With regard to the tubular cutter, as with the first aspect of the

invention this may be formed with teeth or other cutting or milling

conformation on its leading end, and there may be a drive connection

conformation, such as a pair of diametrically opposed outer longitudinal

slots, possibly two pairs placed at right angles to each other on its trailing

end for drive connection to a rotary hand drill or other power tool. There

may be a friction fit or latch lock drive connection.

After cutting the bore enlargement the tubular cutter may be

disengaged from the projecting end region of the post to be replaced by the

support element which may be of the form of a tube which fits securely in

coaxial disposition around the post within the enlarged bore and preferably

also projecting upwardly therefrom. This tube may be formed from metal

or metallic alloys, carbon fiber reinforced resin or any other suitable

material.

It is also possible to leave the tubular cutter in situ after cutting the

bore enlargement whereby the cutter then functions as the support element.

The tubular support element may be straight sided in longitudinal cross-section so as to fit in smooth sliding relationship with regard to the

post and the enlarged bore. However it is also possible to have interfitting

projecting conformations, such as screw threads between the support

element and the post and/or the enlarged bore.

The tubular support element may be furnished with a projecting flange. This may fit into a cavity prepared into the coronal surface (root

face) of the remaining tooth understructure (root) by means of a jig guided

tubular root facer. The cavity can be precision prepared and, the tubular

root facer can be guided on the projecting upper end region of the post in

like manner to the guiding of the enlarged bore trephine. The flange may

be smoothly engaged or screwed or otherwise interfitted with the post on

its inner diameter and with the precision recess cut round the post with its

under and outer surface. This may also be furnished with self tapping

threads.

The tubular root facer may be used additionally to the tubular cutter

used to cut the bore enlargement. Alternatively, these may be combined in

that for example, the tubular cutter may have a peripheral collar above its

bottom end which is configured to act as the root facer.

After fixing of the post, cutting of the enlarged bore, and any root

face recess cutting, followed by fixing of the support element, the crown

or other dental superstructure can then be fixed e.g. by cement, composite

resin or adhesive or a combination of these to the projecting upper end region of the post. This fixing may occur directly onto the post or if desired

additionally or alternatively onto the support element and/or the flange-

shaped structure around the post. In this case a second core-retaining

flange could be provided on the outer surface of the support element.

Prior to such fixing of the superstructure it may first be necessary or

desirable to cut away part of the projecting upper end region of the post

and/or part of the support element or tubular cutter where this is left in situ.

In the latter respect the length of post required for guidance of the cutter

may be greater than that required for fixing of the superstructure.

The invention also provides apparatus for use in performing the above

method. Thus, and in accordance with a fifth aspect of the present

invention there is provided dental anchoring apparatus for use in fixing a

dental superstructure to a residual tooth understructure comprising a post

for fixing within a bore in the understructure so that an upper end region of

the post projects upwardly above a top end of the bore, a tubular cutter

which fits coaxially in close fit around said upper end region and a lower

adjacent region of the post so as to be rotatable and axially slidable relative

thereto, and a support element adapted to fit closely around said lower

adjacent region of the post. The support element may be a tube and may

be separate from or may be defined by part of the tubular cutter. The

support element may incorporate or be used separately with a flange-shaped

upper end structure to fit around the post extending transversely beyond the support element. The outer surface of the tube may be of circular cross-

section, or alternatively may be hexagonal or octagonal if this increases

resistance to transverse forces.

The features of the first, second and third aspects of the

invention may be utilised in the fourth and fifth aspects and vice versa as

appropriate.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The invention will now be described further by way of example only

and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:-

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic cross-section showing a bone

structure with a reamer cutting a pilot bore in

accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing the cut bore;

Figure 3 is a side view of a tap;

Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing a threaded and

grooved post inserted into the pilot bore;

Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing a tubular cutter;

Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing a cut bore

enlargement;

Figure 7 is a diagrammatic perspective view of the tubular

cutter to a larger scale;

Figure 8 is an enlarged view of an alternative guide post; Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing a post similar to

that of Figure 8;

Figure 10a is a diagrammatic cross-section showing a tooth root

with an inserted post and cutter in accordance with

one aspect of the invention;

Figures 10b & 10c show stages in the cutting of an enlarged bore and

insertion of a support element,

Figure 1 1 is a perspective view of the cutter of Figure 10;

Figures 12a-c are views similar to Figure 10 showing a further

embodiment using two jig guided root facers; and

Figure 13 is a view similar to Figure 10 showing a further

embodiment.

BEST MODE OF CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Figure 1 shows a bone structure 1 having a bore 2 which is cut from

a top surface 3 using a reamer 4 fitted to a powered hand drill. The bore

is shown tapered at its bottom end 5. The bore may be cut in conventional

manner so as to have an internal screw thread. This may be achieved using

a tap 6 which may be used after the bore-cutting reamer 4.

A post 7 is inserted into the bore 2. As shown the post is a metal,

metal alloy or carbon fibre pin having a substantially constant diameter, with

an external threaded surface, and flat or rounded ends. The post 7 is

screwed into the threaded bore 2 and may be cemented in position. The post 7 is of a length greater than the bore 2 so that, when fully

screwed in, an upper end portion 8 of the post 7 projects freely above the

face 3 of the bone structure 1.

As shown in the drawings, the post 7 has four longitudinal straight

grooves or channels 9 in its outer surface. These grooves 9 are equally

spaced around the periphery of the post 7 and extend throughout the entire

length of the post 7. As described hereinafter these grooves 9 are to

receive cooling water or saline and to allow swarf to be expelled.

A tubular cutter 10, or trephine is then fitted to the end of a powered

hand drill and is located coaxially on the projecting end region 8 of the

post 7.

As shown, the trephine 10 comprises a tube having internal and

external diameters which are uniform along the length of the tube. At its

leading end the tube has peripheral cutting teeth 1 1 or has a diamond

covered or tungsten carbide coated edge around its periphery. At its trailing

end the tube has diametrically opposed longitudinal slots 12 in its exterior

surface for driveable connection with a chuck of the drill.

Beginning at its leading end the trephine 10 has at least one through

slot or slit 13 which extends through at least half the length of the tube and

runs along a sinuous or curved or helical path. The slot 13 terminates at a

position spaced from the trailing end of the tube. Between this position and

the trailing end, there is a groove 14 which links continuously with the slot 13, such groove extending only partially through the wall of the tube from

its outer surface.

In addition the tubular cutter possesses cross-drilled holes 15

extending at spaced positions around the periphery of the tube through the

wall of the tube. As described hereinafter these holes are to allow passage

of cooling water or saline, and the slot and groove 13, 14 are to allow

removal or swarf.

The trephine 10 is formed from stainless steel or other suitable alloy and the diameter of its inner periphery is essentially the same as the

external diameter of the post 7 so that the trephine 10 fits slideably on the

post 7 so as to be rotatably and axially movable relative to the post with

essentially no play therebetween.

During cutting rotation of the trephine cooling water or saline is fed

to the top end of the post 7 so as to flow down the channels 9 in the

post 7 and through the holes 15 in the trephine 10. This may be achieved

by a pressurised liquid feed to a hand held outlet discharging onto the face

of the post 7. Alternatively there may be a feed tube attached to the drill

so as to discharge directly into the interior of the tube 10 above the top end

of the post 7.

As the trephine 10 rotates it cuts an enlargement 16 in the bone

structure around the post 7. The drill is advanced so that the enlargement

extends to at least 50% of the post's length as indicated in the drawings. This enlargement 16 can be cut with great precision in so far as the

trephine 10 is accurately guided on the post 7. The cutting of the bore

enlargement 1 6 can be achieved in a particularly simple manner by an oral

or orthopaedic surgeon despite the use of hand held instruments.

During the cutting operation, material removed from the bone

structure by the trephine 10 is displaced through and along the slot (or

slots) 13 and associated groove (or grooves) 14 out away from the bore 3.

After cutting of the bore enlargement 16, the trephine 10 may be

removed, providing a precise aperture for the location of a tubular insert

around the post 7. The insert may be cemented in position and may be

used for attachment to a prosthesis or adjacent bone structure as desired.

If desired and where possible the post 7 may be removed or cut back prior

to introduction of the insert.

Alternatively, the cutter 7 can remain in situ so as to act itself as the

insert.

As shown in Figures 8 & 9, in a modified embodiment the guide

post 17 comprises a tube having internal and external diameters which are

uniform along its length, except for the leading end region 18 where the

tube is tapered externally to facilitate insertion into a drilled pilot bore. With

this embodiment the pilot bore and the exterior of the post are not threaded;

the post 17 is pushed into the bore and cemented in position.

The post 17 has cross-drilled holes 19 spaced around its periphery extending completely through the outer wall of the tubular post 17.

Once in position, the post 17 is used with a trephine 10 in the same

manner as the first described embodiment. Cooling liquid is directed

through the cross-drilled holes 19 for cooling purposes by admission to the

interior of the post 17.

Referring to Figures 10a-10c, these show a tooth root 21 having a

bore 22 which may be cut in conventional manner by a dentist using a

reamer powered by a powered hand drill. The bore is shown tapered as

tends to be but may not always be the case in practice notwithstanding the

use of a parallel sided reamer.

A post 23 is cemented into the bore. As shown the post is a metal, metal alloy or carbon fiber pin having a constant diameter, straight sides and

flat or rounded ends. The post 23 is of a length substantially greater than

the bore length so that an upper end region 24 of the post 23 projects

freely above a top end (coronal) face 25 of the root 21.

The cement extends within the bore 22 around the post 23 between

the post 23 and the sides of the tooth bore 22. The post 23 is held in

position and the cement is allowed to set completely.

A tubular cutter 26, or trephine, is then fitted to the end of a

powered drill and is located on the projecting end region 24 of the post 23.

As shown in Figure 1 1 , the trephine 26 comprises a tube having

constant internal and external diameters. At its leading end the tube has cutting teeth or diamond covered or tungsten carbide leading end 27 around

its periphery. At its trailing end there are diametrically opposed longitudinal

slots 28 in its exterior surface for driveable connection with a chuck of the

drill.

The trephine 26 is formed from stainless steel or other suitable alloy

and the diameter of its inner periphery is substantially the same as the

external diameter of the post 23 so that the trephine 26 fits slideabiy on the

post 23 so as to be rotatably and axially movable relative to the post with

essentially no play there between.

The trephine 26 is used to cut an enlargement 29 to the upper end

region of the bore 22 as indicated in the drawings. This enlargement 29

can be cut with great precision in so far as the trephine 26 is accurately

guided on the cemented post 23. The cutting of the bore enlargement 29

can be achieved in a particularly simple and convenient manner by the

dentist.

After cutting of the bore enlargement 29, the trephine 26 can be

removed from the post at 24.

A support element 29a, or fulcrum stabilizer is now fitted into the

enlarged bore 29 around the post 23 extending throughout the longitudinal

extent of the bore enlargement 29 and if desired projecting upwardly

beyond the root face 25 (Figure 10c).

The support element 29a may comprise a stainless steel tube which is dimensioned so that its internal and external diameters are essentially identical with those of the trephine 26 whereby the support element 29a fits

closely between the post 23 and the inner surface of the bore

enlargement 29.

If desired, instead of using a separate tube, the trephine itself may be

placed in situ i.e. re-inserted, to act as the support element. The driveable end would then be cut off at a suitable point. Its precision fit into the bore

would be assured.

The support element 29a is then cemented in position (at 29b) and

the cement is allowed to set completely.

At this stage, the upper end region 24 of the post 23, and possibly

also an upper part of the support element 29a, especially if the trephine 26

is used as the support element 29a, may extend appreciably above the root

face 25. These parts may therefore be cut down to give projecting lengths

suitable for attachment of a crown.

The attachment of the crown is then facilitated by well known means.

Composite resin is commonly used to build up the cut down projecting end

region 24 of the post 23, and possibly also the support element 29a, so that

the crown is securely connected, positioned and engaged with the root

face 25.

With this arrangement, the post 23 and support element 29a can be

securely fixed in the root in a particularly simple and convenient manner. When fixed, it will be seen that the support element 29a acts as a fulcrum

stabiliser or post stabiliser at the upper end of the tooth bore to resist

loosening and damage to the tooth root caused by applied transverse

forces.

The embodiment of Figure 12 is similar to that of Figure 10 and the

same reference numerals are used for corresponding parts. However, after the post 23 has been cemented in the bore 22, two bore enlargements 30,

31 are cut using two trephines 26a, 26b, instead of the single bore 29 of

Figure 10, these trephines 26a, 26b being accurately guided on the

cemented post 23.

The first bore 30 is cut with a trephine 26a (Figure 12a) of similar

structure to that shown in Figure 1 1. This bore 30 may be like the bore 29

and may be wider than the top end of the bore 22.

The second bore or preparation 31 is of the nature of a shallow disc-

shaped recess which is cut into the root face using a larger trephine 26b

(Figure 12b).

The support element accurately fitted into the cut bores 30, 31 may

be constructed as an integral structure with two parts: a tubular part 32 for

the bore 30 and an integral annular root face contact flange 33 for the bore

31 (Figure 12C). Alternatively the tubular part 32 and the root face contact

flange 33 may be formed as separate parts.

The annular disc root face contact flange 33 in the top bore 31 further promotes fulcrum stabilization and stress distribution along the

length of the root. This is advantageous because it decreases the likelihood

of root fracture resulting from transverse forces acting on the crown and

hence on the post.

The embodiment of Figure 13 is similar to that of Figure 12, and the

same reference numerals are used for corresponding parts. As described

in accordance with Figure 12, two bores 30, 31 are formed and into these

there are fitted a tubular part 35 of the support element 29a, and a root

face contact flange 36 which may be integral with or separate to the tubular

part 35. Additionally a core retaining flange 37 is fixed around the tubular

part 35. This flange 37 provides a key for the usual composite resin core

for the crown. The flange 37 may be integral with or separate to and fixed

on the tubular part 35.

With the embodiments of Figures 10-13, if desired, the post 3 may

be threaded and screwed into the bore. Also the support element may be

screwed onto the post 3. The trephine 26 may be as described in

connection with the embodiments of Figures 1-9.

It is of course to be understood that the invention is not intended to

be restricted to the details of the above embodiments which are described

by way of example only.

Thus, for example, although reference is made herein to the use of

hand drills the procedure of the invention can also be applied to other

apparatus and techniques for cutting bores.

Claims

1. A method for surgically cutting a bore for location of an insert in
bone tissue comprising the steps of: cutting a pilot bore (2, 22) in the
bone tissue from a surface thereof, locating a guide post (7, 23) in
the bore, and forming an enlarged region (16, 29, 30, 31 , 32) around the pilot bore with a tubular cutter (10, 17, 26), the tubular cutter
being located co-axially around and in contact with the said guide
post so as to be longitudinally guided thereby.
2. A method according to claim 1 characterised in that the guide post
is located in the pilot bore such that an upper end portion of the
guide post projects upwardly above the said surface.
3. Cutting apparatus for use in the cutting of an enlarged bore in bone
tissue comprising a drill cutter (4) with which to form a pilot bore, an
optional tap (6) to produce a thread in the pilot bore if required, a
guide post (7, 23) for insertion into and secure location within the
pilot bore, and a tubular drill cutter (10, 17, 26) which fits co-axially
in close fit around the guide post so as to be rotatable and axially
slideable relative thereto.
4. Apparatus according to claim 3 characterised in that the guide post
(7, 23) has a substantially constant external diameter at least for a
major proportion of its length, and the tubular cutter (10, 17, 26) has
a constant internal diameter which is essentially the same as the said constant external diameter of the post.
5. Apparatus according to claim 3 or 4 characterised in that the guide
post (7, 23) is a threaded post for engagement with an internal screw
thread of the bore.
6. Apparatus according to any one of claims 3 to 5 characterised in that
the guide post (7) has longitudinal grooves or channels (9) in its outer surface for circulation of liquid.
7. Apparatus according to any one of claims 3 to 5 characterised in that
the guide post is tubular with an internal passageway communicating
with one or more side apertures for circulation of liquid.
8. Apparatus according to any one of claims 3 to 7 characterised in that
the guide post (7, 23) has a tapered leading end.
9. Apparatus according to any one of claims 3 to 8 characterised in that
the tubular cutter (10) has at least one longitudinal slot (13) in its
outer surface for removing swarf.
10. Apparatus according to claim 9 characterised in that the slot (13) is
helically curved.
11. Apparatus according to claim 9 or 10 characterised in that the slot
(13) extends from a leading end of the cutter (10) over a major part
of the length of the cutter to a position spaced from a trailing end of
the cutter, a groove or channel (14) being provided over the end
portion from the slot to the trailing end.
12. A method for providing anchoring for attachment of a crown or
dental superstructure to a residual tooth understructure (root) comprising the steps of: fixing a post (23) within a bore (22) in the
root so that an upper end region (24) of the post projects upwardly
above a top end (coronal surface) of the bore, forming an enlarged
coronal region (29, 32) of the bore with a tubular cutter (26) with the
cutter located co-axially around the projecting portion of the post,
and fixing a support element (29a) around the post within the
enlarged coronal region of the bore.
13. A method according to claim 12 characterised in that after cutting
the bore enlargement, the tubular cutter (26) is disengaged from the
projecting end region of the post to be replaced by the support
element (29a).
14. A method according to claim 12 characterised in that after cutting
the bore enlargement the tubular cutter is left in situ to function as
the support element.
15. Dental anchoring apparatus for use in fixing a dental superstructure
to a residual tooth understructure comprising a post (23) for fixing
within a bore in the understructure so that an upper end region of the
post projects upwardly above a top end of the bore, a tubular cutter
(26) which fits coaxially in close fit around said upper end region and
a lower adjacent region of the post so as to be rotatable and axially slidable relative thereto, and a support element (29a) adapted to fit
closely around said lower adjacent region of the post.
16. Apparatus according to claim 15 characterised in that the support
element is a tube (29a) separate from the tubular cutter.
17. Apparatus according to claim 15 or 16 characterised in that the
support element (29a) is provided with a projecting flange.
18. Apparatus according to claim 17 characterised in that a tubular root
facer (33) is provided for cutting a cavity in the coronal surface (root
face) to receive the projecting flange.
19. Apparatus according to any one of claims 15-18 which is apparatus
according to any one of claims 3-1 1.
PCT/GB2001/000831 2000-02-29 2001-02-27 Guide post for trephine WO2001064125A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0004636.7 2000-02-29
GB0004636A GB0004636D0 (en) 2000-02-29 2000-02-29 Dental crown post stabiliser
GB0029818.2 2000-12-07
GB0029818A GB0029818D0 (en) 2000-12-07 2000-12-07 Bore cutting

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU3578001A AU3578001A (en) 2000-02-29 2001-02-27 Guide post for trephine
EP20010907913 EP1278475A1 (en) 2000-02-29 2001-02-27 Guide post for trephine
US10220532 US6923650B2 (en) 2000-02-29 2001-02-27 Guide post for trephine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001064125A1 true true WO2001064125A1 (en) 2001-09-07

Family

ID=26243745

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB2001/000831 WO2001064125A1 (en) 2000-02-29 2001-02-27 Guide post for trephine

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US6923650B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1278475A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2001064125A1 (en)

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EP1304087A2 (en) * 2001-10-22 2003-04-23 Dr.-medic-stom./UMF Temeschburg, Herbert Hatzlhoffer Surgical tool
WO2004080325A1 (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-09-23 Thommen Medical Ag Pilot drill, step drill and drill set for dental implant technology
WO2007006258A1 (en) * 2005-07-12 2007-01-18 Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen Milling cutter for removal of tissue around an implant, and drill template
WO2008035180A2 (en) * 2006-09-19 2008-03-27 Giuseppe Corradi A system for the making and measuring of odontoiatric endocanalars bores for posts, and a method therefore

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US8277218B2 (en) * 2005-10-20 2012-10-02 D Alise David D Screw-type dental implant
US20080057467A1 (en) * 2005-11-17 2008-03-06 Gittelson Glenn L Dental Implant Surgical Guide
US7429175B2 (en) 2005-11-17 2008-09-30 Gittelson Glenn L Dental implant surgical guide
US7653455B2 (en) * 2006-07-28 2010-01-26 3M Innovative Properties Company Computer-aided implanting of orthodontic anchorage devices using surgical guides
US20090274996A1 (en) * 2008-05-05 2009-11-05 Kenneth Miller Bone cutting device and method of using same
WO2009135514A1 (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-11-12 Ady Palti Surgical tool, especially for machining bones for insertion of a dental implant
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JP2013126525A (en) * 2011-11-15 2013-06-27 Akira Takebayashi Drilling device
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WO2004080325A1 (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-09-23 Thommen Medical Ag Pilot drill, step drill and drill set for dental implant technology
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20030170591A1 (en) 2003-09-11 application
US6923650B2 (en) 2005-08-02 grant
EP1278475A1 (en) 2003-01-29 application

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