WO2001043626A1 - Anal speculum - Google Patents

Anal speculum Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2001043626A1
WO2001043626A1 PCT/AU2000/001526 AU0001526W WO0143626A1 WO 2001043626 A1 WO2001043626 A1 WO 2001043626A1 AU 0001526 W AU0001526 W AU 0001526W WO 0143626 A1 WO0143626 A1 WO 0143626A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
leading end
speculum
probe
bights
introducer
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU2000/001526
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Clemens Van Der Weegen
Nabeel Ibrahim
Original Assignee
S.S.H. Medical Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/31Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the rectum, e.g. proctoscopes, sigmoidoscopes, colonoscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • A61B17/3421Cannulas
    • A61B2017/345Cannulas for introduction into a natural body opening
    • A61B2017/3452Cannulas for introduction into a natural body opening for the rectum, e.g. for hemorrhoid surgery

Abstract

An anal speculum for use in the surgical treatment of haemorrhoids comprises a transparent plastics tubular probe adapted to be inserted into the anus of a patient. The probe has a tapered body (13), a leading end (14) having three bights (17) formed therein spaced apart by tongues (18), a flared trailing end skirt (15) and an optical conductor (16) extending as a cantilever therefrom. That conductor may extend into an illuminated socket in a handle whereby the speculum may be manipulated and the visibility of haemorrhoids exposed within the bights is enhanced. A tapered tubular introducer (11) to assist in the insertion of the speculum into the anus, is also disclosed.

Description

ANAL SPECULUM

Technical Field

This invention relates to anal speculums for use by surgeons in the treatment of haemorrhoids . Background art

Prior known speculums for that purpose have comprised a tubular probe, for insertion into the anus, wherein a hole pierces the tube wall of the probe near its- front or leading end. When using those prior known speculums a surgeon had to align the probe, before insertion, with a haemorrhoid to be treated and then insert the probe to a depth enabling access through the hole to the haemorrhoid in question. This has been an awkward procedure and requires retraction and reinsertion of the probe one or more times in the event that one or more further haemorrhoids require to be treated at the one treatment session. This is objectionable not only for the surgeon, because of the difficulty in correctly aligning and inserting the probe and working with limited access to the, or each haemorrhoid, but also for the patient, because each insertion is accompanied by a degree of discomfort, if not actual pain. Disclosure of invention

An object of the invention is to alleviate the objectionable features of the prior art speculums referred to above . The invention consists in an anal speculum of the kind comprising a tubular probe adapted to be inserted into the anus of a patient, characterised in that a leading end face of the tubular probe has two or more bights formed therein. In preferred embodiments there are three such bights equiangularly spaced apart and dimensioned such that the open mouths of the bights together constitute at least 50% of the circumference of the leading end face of the probe. Thus, when a said preferred embodiment is used, frequently a single insertion will suffice, and at most no more than two insertions are needed, to pick up all of a patient's haemorrhoids for treatment.

For preference each such bight may be tapered to some extent, such that its side edges converge from a widest portion at the mouth of the bight. When the bights are tapered as aforesaid and the probe is inserted, any haemorrhoid or swollen vein needing treatment within the ambit of the wide open, leading end of any bight is guided by one or other or both side edges of the bight to a position at or near the narrower trailing end of the bight, where it may be treated by injection or ligation.

For preference the probe is a disposable item, able to be easily fixed to a conventional handle. The probe may thus be discarded after a single use. Also it is preferably transparent to enable light from a light source constituting part of the handle to illuminate the bowel wall and inner anus, so as to provide good visibility for the surgeon. Brief description of the drawings By way of example, an embodiment of the above-described invention is described in more detail hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings .

Figure 1 is a side elevation of an anal speculum according to the invention in combination with a handle and introducer.

Figure 2 is a view similar to figure 1 of the combination of that figure with the tubular probe and introducer shown in longitudinal-section .

Figure 3 is a side elevation of the speculum appearing in of Figure 1 drawn to an enlarged scale.

Figure 4 is a longitudinal-sectional view of the speculum of figure 3.

Figure 5 is a front end elevation of the speculum of Figure 3. Figure 6 is a rear end elevation of the speculum of figure 3.

Figure 7 is a plan view of the speculum of figure 3

Figure 8 is a longitudinal-sectional view of the introducer appearing in figure 1.

Figure 9 is a side elevation of the introducer of figure 8 Best mode of carrying out the invention

The combination illustrated by figures 1 and 2 comprises a speculum 10 according to the invention, an introducer 11 and a handle 12. The speculum 10 is a one-piece moulding of a rigid transparent plastics material. It comprises a tubular body 13 having a leading end 14, a trailing, flared skirt 15 and an optical conductor 16 extending as a cantilever from the skirt 15.

In accordance with the invention the leading end 14 has a leading end face characterised by three, in this instance slightly tapering, elongate bights 17 equiangularly spaced apart by tongues 18 of arcuate cross-section. As indicated earlier those bights 17 are adapted to pick up haemorrhoids which are guided by the side edges of the tongues 18 into the narrower, trailing ends of the bights where they may be readily accessed by a surgeon through the skirt 15 and the bore of the tubular body 13 using well known and conventional surgical implements and procedures .

To facilitate insertion of the speculum 10 into and through the anus of a patient an introducer 11 may be used, and the present invention includes such an introducer and its use in conjunction with the speculum. The introducer 11 comprises a tapered tube having a smoothly rounded leading end 19 pierced by a small vent hole 20 and art enlarged, open, trailing skirt 20 which (see figure 2), comes into abutment with the inner surface of the leading end of the skirt 15. As may be seen from Figures 1 and 2 the introducer 11 is dimensioned so that it may extend neatly through the speculum 10 until its rounded leading end 19 protrudes from the leading end of the speculum. Following lodgment of the introducer 11 within the speculum 10, insertion of the speculum through the anus may be effected by manual pressure on the protruding trailing end of the introducer 17. Once insertion has been accomplished the introducer 11 may be withdrawn from the inserted speculum for disposal or sterilisation and re-use.

The handle 12 is a conventional item readily available from surgical instrument supply houses. It is in the nature of an electric torch, having a cylindrical body adapted to house replaceable batteries and a switch (not shown) in a circuit for the energisation of a small but high-powered light bulb. The bulb is disposed at the inner end of a cylindrical socket in an end of the handle into which the optical conductor 16 is a tight but manually separable fit. Thus the conductor 16 may simply be thrust into the socket to enable the handle not only to function as such for manipulation of the speculum as a whole but also to provide illumination at the site of the haemorrhoids being treated.

Claims

Claims
1. An anal speculum of the kind comprising a tubular probe adapted to be inserted into the anus of a patient, characterised in that a leading end face of the tubular probe has two or more bights formed therein.
2. A speculum according to claim 1 wherein the bights equiangularly spaced apart and dimensioned such that the open mouths of the bights together constitute at least 50% of the circumference of the leading end face of the probe.
3. A speculum according to claim 1 wherein each said bight is tapered, such that its side edges converge from a widest portion at the mouth of the bight.
4. A speculum according to claim 3 wherein there are three bights equiangularly spaced apart and dimensioned such that the open mouths of the bights together constitute at least 50% of the circumference of the leading end face of the probe .
5. A speculum according to any one of the preceding claims wherein said probe is formed from transparent material and further comprises a cantilever optical conductor, in combination with a handle including a socket and means to illuminate said socket, wherein said conductor is insertable into said socket for demountable attachment to the handle and the transmission of light into and along the material of the tubular probe to the leading end thereof.
6. A speculum according to any one of claims 1 to 4 in combination with an introducer comprising a tapered cylindrical body having a rounded leading end and a vent hole in said leading end in communication with a trailing end of the introducer, wherein said introducer may be inserted into the trailing end of the bore of the tubular probe to a distance such that the leading end of the introducer then protrudes from the leading end of the probe as a smooth extension thereof.
6. An anal speculum substantially as described herein with reference to the accompanying drawings.
PCT/AU2000/001526 1999-12-16 2000-12-11 Anal speculum WO2001043626A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPQ4745 1999-12-16
AUPQ474599A0 AUPQ474599A0 (en) 1999-12-16 1999-12-16 Endoscope for surgical treatment of haemorrhoids

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2127701A AU777270B2 (en) 1999-12-16 2000-12-11 Anal speculum

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001043626A1 true true WO2001043626A1 (en) 2001-06-21

Family

ID=3818884

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/AU2000/001526 WO2001043626A1 (en) 1999-12-16 2000-12-11 Anal speculum

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2001043626A1 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004021874A1 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-03-18 Sias, Francesco Rotating operating anoscope
EP1929934A1 (en) 2006-12-07 2008-06-11 Metech S.r.l. A medical surgical device for treating coloproctological pathologies
US20090306481A1 (en) * 2008-06-10 2009-12-10 Thd S.P.A. Medical surgical device for treating coloproctological pathologies
JP2010131414A (en) * 2002-11-20 2010-06-17 Medsurge Medical Products Corp Anoscope
WO2010082013A1 (en) 2009-01-19 2010-07-22 Sheffield Hallam University A speculum
EP2225999A1 (en) * 2007-12-27 2010-09-08 Suzhou Touchstone International Medical Science Co., Ltd. Auxiliary instrument for anorectal surgery
EP2226015A1 (en) 2009-03-07 2010-09-08 Hesham Morsey Haemorrhoidopexy device
CN102029011A (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-04-27 苏州天臣国际医疗科技有限公司 Anus dilatation device for surgical operation

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0095142A2 (en) * 1982-05-26 1983-11-30 Wilhelm Dr. Brühl Haemorrhoid treatment stick
US4712536A (en) * 1987-01-20 1987-12-15 Hawks Robert A Rectal speculum with obturator
DE3717607A1 (en) * 1987-05-25 1988-12-08 Elke Technik Fritz Kerner Gmbh Speculum
US4834067A (en) * 1986-05-30 1989-05-30 Block Irving R Instrument for internal hemorrhoidectomy
US5176630A (en) * 1988-09-22 1993-01-05 Aegis Medical, Inc. Rectal insertion device and control valve means therefor
US5404870A (en) * 1993-05-28 1995-04-11 Ethicon, Inc. Method of using a transanal inserter
US6126594A (en) * 1998-07-21 2000-10-03 Bayer; Izhack Anoscope for internal hemorrhoidectomy

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0095142A2 (en) * 1982-05-26 1983-11-30 Wilhelm Dr. Brühl Haemorrhoid treatment stick
US4834067A (en) * 1986-05-30 1989-05-30 Block Irving R Instrument for internal hemorrhoidectomy
US4712536A (en) * 1987-01-20 1987-12-15 Hawks Robert A Rectal speculum with obturator
DE3717607A1 (en) * 1987-05-25 1988-12-08 Elke Technik Fritz Kerner Gmbh Speculum
US5176630A (en) * 1988-09-22 1993-01-05 Aegis Medical, Inc. Rectal insertion device and control valve means therefor
US5404870A (en) * 1993-05-28 1995-04-11 Ethicon, Inc. Method of using a transanal inserter
US6126594A (en) * 1998-07-21 2000-10-03 Bayer; Izhack Anoscope for internal hemorrhoidectomy

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004021874A1 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-03-18 Sias, Francesco Rotating operating anoscope
US7611458B2 (en) 2002-09-09 2009-11-03 Francesco Sias Rotating operating anoscope
JP2010131414A (en) * 2002-11-20 2010-06-17 Medsurge Medical Products Corp Anoscope
EP1929934A1 (en) 2006-12-07 2008-06-11 Metech S.r.l. A medical surgical device for treating coloproctological pathologies
EP2225999A1 (en) * 2007-12-27 2010-09-08 Suzhou Touchstone International Medical Science Co., Ltd. Auxiliary instrument for anorectal surgery
EP2225999A4 (en) * 2007-12-27 2010-12-08 Suzhou Touchstone Int Med Sci Auxiliary instrument for anorectal surgery
US20090306481A1 (en) * 2008-06-10 2009-12-10 Thd S.P.A. Medical surgical device for treating coloproctological pathologies
US8808177B2 (en) 2008-06-10 2014-08-19 Thd S.P.A. Medical surgical device for treating coloproctological pathologies
WO2010082013A1 (en) 2009-01-19 2010-07-22 Sheffield Hallam University A speculum
EP2226015A1 (en) 2009-03-07 2010-09-08 Hesham Morsey Haemorrhoidopexy device
CN102029011A (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-04-27 苏州天臣国际医疗科技有限公司 Anus dilatation device for surgical operation

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