New! View global litigation for patent families

WO2001016891A1 - Swimming analyzer - Google Patents

Swimming analyzer

Info

Publication number
WO2001016891A1
WO2001016891A1 PCT/FI2000/000732 FI0000732W WO0116891A1 WO 2001016891 A1 WO2001016891 A1 WO 2001016891A1 FI 0000732 W FI0000732 W FI 0000732W WO 0116891 A1 WO0116891 A1 WO 0116891A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sensor
contact
swimming
touch
data
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI2000/000732
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Reijo Varis
Original Assignee
Reijo Varis
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0686Timers, rhythm indicators or pacing apparatus using electric or electronic means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0003Analysing the course of a movement or motion sequences during an exercise or trainings sequence, e.g. swing for golf or tennis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0021Tracking a path or terminating locations
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C1/00Registering, indicating or recording the time of events or elapsed time, e.g. time-recorders for work people
    • G07C1/22Registering, indicating or recording the time of events or elapsed time, e.g. time-recorders for work people in connection with sports or games
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0021Tracking a path or terminating locations
    • A63B2024/0025Tracking the path or location of one or more users, e.g. players of a game
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/50Force related parameters
    • A63B2220/51Force
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/806Video cameras
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/807Photo cameras
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/83Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor characterised by the position of the sensor
    • A63B2220/836Sensors arranged on the body of the user
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2225/00Other characteristics of sports equipment
    • A63B2225/50Wireless data transmission, e.g. by radio transmitters or telemetry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2244/00Sports without balls
    • A63B2244/20Swimming
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/12Arrangements in swimming pools for teaching swimming or for training
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0605Decision makers and devices using detection means facilitating arbitration

Abstract

The invention relates to a swimming analyser which comprises a touch sensor (1) located at the end of a swimming pool, the sensor being in data communication (3.1, 3.3, 3, 3.4) with a data collection device (4) equipped with a display (5), the device being provided with a program for displaying the data obtained from the touch sensor (1) on the display (5). The signal received from the touch sensor (1) is dependent on the contact force and/or the duration of the contact time and is arranged to be displayed on the display (5) as a time-function curve (B) and/or as numerical values (12). The touch sensor (1) may be an EMF film.

Description

Swimming analyser

The invention relates to a swimming analyser which comprises a touch sensor located at the end of a swimming pool, the sensor being in data communication with a data collection device equipped with a display, the device being provided with a program for displaying the data obtained from the touch sensor on the display.

From US patent publication 5,812,049 is known a monitoring system which measures swim time, the system also comprising an apparatus for identifying the swimmer and determining his location. By means of this known system, the swim times, including intermediate times, and swimming distances of different swimmers can be monitored in a diversified manner. This is based on the operation of a touch sensor which starts a clock in response to each touch and at the same time identifies the swimmer by means of a transmitter-receiver antenna associated with the touch sensor.

This known system does not, however, make it possible to analyse the swimmer's turning and start dive events from the training point of view, so that any deficiencies and errors relating to performance technique could be detected and eliminated. Today, assessments based on conventional video images and the subjective view of the trainer are used for this purpose.

The aim of the invention is to provide a swimming analyser which is suitable for analysing a swimmer's turning and/or start dive events, in addition to performing various time and distance measurements, by means of exact information, without having to rely on subjective assessment.

This aim is achieved by means of the invention, on the basis of the characteristics disclosed in the appended claim 1. The dependent claims describe preferred embodiments of the invention. One embodiment of the invention is described in the following, with reference to the appended drawings, in which

Figure 1 shows a general diagram of the swimming analyser according to the invention;

Figure 2 shows diagrammatically, as a function of time (t), the curves (A, B, C) of the forces relating to the turning and start dive events, which can be displayed on the display of the analyser according to the invention;

Figure 3 shows the touch sensor of the analyser according to the invention as seen from one side when the outermost waterproof protective film is removed;

Figure 4 shows a section of Figure 3 along line IV-IV on a larger scale, the thicknesses of the layers being exaggerated for the sake of clarity; and

Figure 5 shows in greater detail one example of the analyser display.

In the embodiment shown, at both ends of the pool is positioned a touch sensor 1 , the signal given by which is transmitted via a cable 3.1 and an A/D transformer 3.3 to an adapter unit 3 which converts the signal into a form readable by a PC 4. The adapter 3 is connected by means of a cable 3.4 to a PC 4, the hard disk of which acts as a data collection device. The connection may obviously also function wirelessly through a radio signal or IR signal.

As shown in greater detail in Figures 3 and 4, the touch sensor 1 consists of EMF film comprising a middle layer 8 of flexibly compressible dielectric substance, on both sides of which is a thin metal film 9. The metal films 9 may be, for example, aluminium films formed by vaporisation. The layered structure formed in this way is laminated between two waterproof surface layers 10. The surface layers 10 may be rubber or plastic film. This type of a sensor structure is previously known in connection with other applications and it is called an EMF film (Electro- Magnetic Foil). It is characteristic of this type of film that when external pressure is exerted on the film, tension forms between the metal films 9, the magnitude of which is proportional to the contact pressure. Inside the film is located a signal amplifier 11 , from the output of which is obtained a signal to cable 3.1 , which is proportional to the contact force.

Around the contact area, at a distance from the edge of the metal film 9, is formed a transmitter-receiver antenna 7 comprising several conductor loops which consist of, for example, a conductor made of aluminium foil. The antenna 7 functions in the known manner as a transmitter and receiver antenna in such a way that its transmission signal energises an identification tag 6 attached to the swimmer's wrist and/or ankle, which tag - as a result of the energisation - transmits the swimmer's identification code, which the antenna 7 relays to the adapter unit 3. The operating range of the antenna 7 may be only 30 to 40 cm, whereby identification takes place in connection with the contact, for example, immediately before contact with the sensor 1.

When the output signal of the touch sensor 1 is dependent on contact force in the manner described above, the analyser can be used to measure the take-off force used for the turn and the time used for the turn. These can be displayed on the display 5 as a time-function curve B or C, as illustrated in Figure 2. The times t1 and t2 may represent the turning times at the opposite ends of the pool, or they may also represent the hand and foot contacts of one turn. In the latter case, total time T2 refers to the time used for the whole turn. The shapes of curves A, B and C shown in Figure 2 are merely symbolic and may in reality vary in many ways.

The starting block can also be provided with a similar EMF film sensor 2, the signal A received from which and representing the take-off force is led via cable 2.1 and the AD transformer 3.3 to the adapter 3, from which the data is transmitted in digital form to the RS-232 series port of the PC 4.

In addition to analysing the turning and start dive events, the analyser may obviously be used in the manner known from the publication US 5,812,049 for measuring the intermediate times, total time and total distance of the swimming performance.

In the analyser can also be included a digital camera 13 at one or both ends of the pool, which camera films the turning of the competing swimmer. In the case described, video cameras 13 are connected via the AD transformer 14 to the PC

4, on the display 5 of which the image filmed with the camera 13 is arranged to be displayed temporally synchronised with the cursor line 15 pointing at the corresponding point in the curve B, C representing the contact force signal. Synchronisation may take place, for example, in such a way that the moment of contact with the sensor 1 is the sign for starting the displaying of the image and/or for positioning the cursor line 15 on the corresponding point of the force signal curve B or C (e.g. at the beginning of the point of change). The events taking place at the diving-off moment can be depicted in a corresponding manner in connection with curve A which represents the take-off force.

Reference numeral 12 on the display 5 denotes an area in the image field in which the events to be analysed can be shown also as numerical values. As swimming data can be displayed intermediate times, total time and total distance. As turning data can be displayed turning times and maximum forces and average forces in contact. To the PC 4 can obviously also be connected a printer by means of which the data on the swimmers can be obtained as a printout.

In Figure 5, the image field is divided into sectors, of which sector 5a shows the end of one or more swimming lanes, for example, over a distance of 2 to 3 metres. In sectors 5b can be displayed mosaics from different cameras or several successive freeze-frames of the same turning event. Curve BF is proportional to the contact force and curve Bτ is calibrated to greater sensitivity with respect to the force, whereby the peaks of the curve are cut off and curve Bτ illustrates contact time T more clearly. The vertical cursor line 15 slides in the horizontal direction and shows on curves BF and Bτ the corresponding point where the swimmer is in image sector 5a. The arrow cursor (not shown) of the mouse 16 can be used to drag the line cursor 15 and move it back and forth, thus moving the swimmer in image 5a correspondingly. The arrow cursor of the mouse 16 can also be used to drag the swimmer in image 5a and to move the swimmer temporally to different places, that is, to different stages of the performance, whereby the line cursor 15 moves correspondingly. In field 12F is shown numerically the sensor force corresponding to the line cursor 15, for example, in Newtons, and in field 12T is shown numerically the total contact time T and the period of time from the beginning of the contact to the line cursor's 15 respective position. In this way, the turning event can be analysed accurately and clearly in all swimming events, irrespective of whether hand contact, foot contact or double contact is in question.

The PC's operating system may be, for example, Windows NT, and the software can be implemented, for example, by means of the Visual C++ software environment.

The touch sensor 1 can be realised also by means of other types of sensor solutions than the EMF film described. For example, strain-gauge transducers or sensors realised with a piezoresistive substance, which also give out a signal proportional to the contact force and/or the length of the contact period, may also come into question.

Communication from the adapters 3 to the analysing computer 4 may also take place wirelessly by radio. This is easy to implement in an open indoor swimming pool space, and existing short-range radiocommunication modules are inexpensive. At the end of each lane are several touch sensors side by side so that the area surrounding one antenna loop can be kept sufficiently small. This is necessary for maintaining the energy and data transfer between the tag fastened to the wrist or ankle and the antenna sufficiently sensitive. To prevent the antennae from consuming transmit power unnecessarily, they are arranged to be activated for a set period - the length of which may be adjustable - following contact with he EMF film sensor.

Claims

Claims
1. A swimming analyser which comprises a touch sensor (1 ) located at the end of a swimming pool, the sensor being in data communication (11 , 3.1 , 3.3, 3.4) with a data collection device (4) equipped with a display (5), the device being provided with a program for displaying the data obtained from the touch sensor (1 ) on the display (5), characterised in that the signal received from the touch sensor (1) is dependent on the contact force (F) and/or the duration of the contact time (t1 t t2, T) and is arranged to be displayed on the display (5) as a time-function curve (B, C) and/or as numerical values (12).
2. A swimming analyser as claimed in claim 1 , characterised in that the touch sensor (1 ) consists of EMF film comprising a layer (8) of flexibly compressible dielectric substance, and on either side of it a thin metal film (9), especially an aluminium film layered by means of vaporisation.
3. A swimming analyser as claimed in claim 2, characterised in that around the touch sensor area, at a distance from the metal film (9) of the touch sensor, is formed a transmitter-receiver antenna (7) of the loops formed by the metal film conductor.
4. A swimming analyser as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 3, characterised in that the image from the video camera (13) or digital camera filming the turning area is arranged to be displayed on the display (5) of the said data collection device (4).
5. A swimming analyser as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 4, characterised in that the video image or digital image is arranged to be displayed temporally synchronised with the cursor line (15) indicating the corresponding point in the curve (B, C) representing the contact force signal.
6. A swimming analyser as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 3, characterised in that data communication with the data collection device (4) is implemented wirelessly through radio.
7. A swimming analyser as claimed in claim 3, characterised in that the antenna (7) is arranged to be activated through contact with the touch sensor (1 ).
PCT/FI2000/000732 1999-08-30 2000-08-29 Swimming analyzer WO2001016891A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI19991829A FI107642B (en) 1999-08-30 1999-08-30 swimming analyzer
FI19991829 1999-08-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2001016891A1 true true WO2001016891A1 (en) 2001-03-08

Family

ID=8555210

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FI2000/000732 WO2001016891A1 (en) 1999-08-30 2000-08-29 Swimming analyzer

Country Status (2)

Country Link
FI (1) FI107642B (en)
WO (1) WO2001016891A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1548410A2 (en) * 2003-12-22 2005-06-29 Daktronics, Inc. Starting block for swimmers having a capacitive sensor system
WO2010141599A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-12-09 Swimnetix Corporation Aquatic training system and method
NL1039025C (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-03-07 Wilhelmus Andreas Marinus Arnoldus Maria Dungen Swimmers backstroke start and touchpad combination.

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4780085A (en) * 1986-11-10 1988-10-25 Malone Jerald C Lap timing device
JPH01181882A (en) * 1988-01-11 1989-07-19 Tokyo Keiki Co Ltd Pace maker for swimming
JPH0355072A (en) * 1989-07-21 1991-03-08 Kyodo Kumiai Kagoshima Techno Fuyuujiyun Self-training system for swimming pool
US5663897A (en) * 1995-06-08 1997-09-02 Strokz Digital Sports, Inc. Method and apparatus for analyzing a swimmer's swim stroke
US5812049A (en) * 1996-10-25 1998-09-22 Micro Utility Ltd. System and method for monitoring a competitive activity

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4780085A (en) * 1986-11-10 1988-10-25 Malone Jerald C Lap timing device
JPH01181882A (en) * 1988-01-11 1989-07-19 Tokyo Keiki Co Ltd Pace maker for swimming
JPH0355072A (en) * 1989-07-21 1991-03-08 Kyodo Kumiai Kagoshima Techno Fuyuujiyun Self-training system for swimming pool
US5663897A (en) * 1995-06-08 1997-09-02 Strokz Digital Sports, Inc. Method and apparatus for analyzing a swimmer's swim stroke
US5812049A (en) * 1996-10-25 1998-09-22 Micro Utility Ltd. System and method for monitoring a competitive activity

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
DATABASE WPI Week 198201, Derwent World Patents Index; AN 1982-A1224E *
DATABASE WPI Week 199044, Derwent World Patents Index; AN 1990-333582 *
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1548410A2 (en) * 2003-12-22 2005-06-29 Daktronics, Inc. Starting block for swimmers having a capacitive sensor system
EP1548410A3 (en) * 2003-12-22 2005-08-24 Daktronics, Inc. Starting block for swimmers having a capacitive sensor system
WO2010141599A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-12-09 Swimnetix Corporation Aquatic training system and method
US8317659B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2012-11-27 Swimnetix Corporation Aquatic training system and method
NL1039025C (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-03-07 Wilhelmus Andreas Marinus Arnoldus Maria Dungen Swimmers backstroke start and touchpad combination.
WO2013036117A1 (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-03-14 Van Den Dungen Wilhelmus Andreas Marinus Arnoldus Swimmers backstroke start and touchpad combination

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FI991829A (en) application
FI107642B (en) 2001-09-14 application
FI107642B1 (en) grant
FI19991829A (en) 2001-02-28 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5670944A (en) Body-held monitoring device for physical condition
US7030735B2 (en) Wireless motion monitoring device incorporating equipment control module of an exercise equipment
US7162392B2 (en) Sport performance systems for measuring athletic performance, and associated methods
US7433805B2 (en) Pressure sensing systems for sports, and associated methods
US5652570A (en) Individual location system
US7158912B2 (en) Mobile GPS systems for providing location mapping and/or performance data
US20040225467A1 (en) Systems for assessing athletic performance
US5974365A (en) System for measuring the location and orientation of an object
US20060098772A1 (en) Distance meter
US6725154B2 (en) Image display apparatus
US20100118149A1 (en) System and method for tracking and monitoring personnel and equipment
US20100261146A1 (en) Apparatus and method for motion correcting and management system for motion correcting apparatus
US7446801B2 (en) Information collection apparatus, information collection system, information collection method, program, and recording medium
US20050059867A1 (en) Method for monitoring temperature of patient
US5812049A (en) System and method for monitoring a competitive activity
US20100304877A1 (en) Hitting position detecting device, hitting position detecting method, and method of manufacturing hitting position detecting device
US5177872A (en) Method and apparatus for monitoring physical positioning of a user
US20110221694A1 (en) Tactile communication system
US7029170B2 (en) Swim lap counter/timer
US6559828B1 (en) User interface for selecting functions in an electronic hardware
US20130211270A1 (en) Mouth Guard for Monitoring Body Dynamics and Methods Therefor
Ito et al. CyARM: an alternative aid device for blind persons
US5256908A (en) Facility space data logging device
WO2005047837A3 (en) Wireless disposable physiological sensor
US20080319330A1 (en) Transmitter and receiver for observing periodical events

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AE AG AL AM AT AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY BZ CA CH CN CR CU CZ CZ DE DE DK DK DM DZ EE EE ES FI FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KP KR KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MA MD MG MK MN MW MX MZ NO NZ PL PT RO RU SD SE SG SI SK SK SL TJ TM TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VN YU ZA ZW

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GH GM KE LS MW MZ SD SL SZ TZ UG ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LU MC NL PT SE BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GW ML MR NE SN TD TG

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
DFPE Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed before 20040101)
ENP Entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: CA

Ref document number: 2375918

Kind code of ref document: A

Format of ref document f/p: F

REG Reference to national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8642

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: JP