WO2001008257A1 - Antenna arrangement - Google Patents

Antenna arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2001008257A1
WO2001008257A1 PCT/SE2000/001513 SE0001513W WO0108257A1 WO 2001008257 A1 WO2001008257 A1 WO 2001008257A1 SE 0001513 W SE0001513 W SE 0001513W WO 0108257 A1 WO0108257 A1 WO 0108257A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
slot
characterised
antenna arrangement
antenna
conducting plate
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE2000/001513
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Corbett Rowell
Original Assignee
Avantego Ab
Integra Antennas Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US14547799P priority Critical
Priority to US60/145,477 priority
Application filed by Avantego Ab, Integra Antennas Limited filed Critical Avantego Ab
Publication of WO2001008257A1 publication Critical patent/WO2001008257A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q9/00Electrically-short antennas having dimensions not more than twice the operating wavelength and consisting of conductive active radiating elements
    • H01Q9/04Resonant antennas
    • H01Q9/0407Substantially flat resonant element parallel to ground plane, e.g. patch antenna
    • H01Q9/0442Substantially flat resonant element parallel to ground plane, e.g. patch antenna with particular tuning means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • H01Q1/38Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith formed by a conductive layer on an insulating support
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/30Arrangements for providing operation on different wavebands
    • H01Q5/307Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way
    • H01Q5/342Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way for different propagation modes
    • H01Q5/357Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way for different propagation modes using a single feed point
    • H01Q5/364Creating multiple current paths
    • H01Q5/371Branching current paths
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q9/00Electrically-short antennas having dimensions not more than twice the operating wavelength and consisting of conductive active radiating elements
    • H01Q9/04Resonant antennas
    • H01Q9/0407Substantially flat resonant element parallel to ground plane, e.g. patch antenna
    • H01Q9/0421Substantially flat resonant element parallel to ground plane, e.g. patch antenna with a shorting wall or a shorting pin at one end of the element

Abstract

The present invention relates to an antenna arrangement (10), preferably of PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) type, which comprises conducting plate (11) covering a ground plate (13), said conducting plate being provided with a first slot (19) as capacitive load (C). The conducting plate (11) is arranged with a second slot (18, 19) providing a conductive load (L).

Description

TITLE

ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an antenna arrangement, and specially an antenna arrangement of PIFA (planar inverted-F antenna) type.

DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART

The wireless forms of communications have become a standard way of communication. There are many types of means for conducting a wireless communication, such as cordless telephones, lap top computers with wireless modems, satellite and cellular telephones.

The communication device, i.e. the mobile handsets rapidly become smaller and lighter and the globalization demand, multiple communication functions and standards being combined into a single unit, e.g. for communicates in multiple frequency bands.

There are a variety of different radiotelephone systems in use today. These include different analogue or digital CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) and TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) based systems like GSM (Global System for Mobile telecommunication), AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System), DAMPS(Digital Advanced Mobile Phone System), PCS (Personal Communication Services), DCS (Digital Communication System) PCN (Personal Communication Networks ), PDC 800 and 1500 and different cordless telephone systems.

Different systems operate in different frequency bands, thus requiring different antennas for maximum efficiency.

Over the past years, since the first PIFA (planar inverted-F antenna) was disclosed, there have been several types of microstrip antennas with both a feed and a ground connection. Several methods of unique feeding or loading arrangements of the antenna (or combinations of both) have been disclosed.

In order to reduce the size of a microstrip antenna, the antenna requires a load, either capacitive or inductive. An inductive load consists of slots within the antenna and a capacitive load is formed by either a dielectric material placed at certain locations or by bringing the metal closer to the ground plane. Both methods of forming a capacitive load require three-dimensional structures.

To address multiple frequency bands, there are several know methods. A parasitic (or galvanic coupled) element may be placed above the antenna (where this parasitic element would have a resonance at a higher frequency band). This layered construction of the antenna requires more complex mass-production techniques than single layer microstrip antennas.

Alternatively, the antenna may consist of several elements parallel to each other. Although the antenna consists of only one layer, the parallel elements have a strong coupling, making it difficult to tune each element separately. A third method consists of making slots in the antenna at certain locations. This method, however, requires unloaded antennas.

Prior art discloses several technics: US 4,766,440 describes a patch antenna with an U-shaped slot in the middle fed by a stripline feed. The antenna according to this document do not use an additional connection to ground.

US 4,692,769 teaches using a large λ/2 patch with a slot to excite two different radiation modes. A dual band antenna is created with two different modes of radiation.

In US 4,356,492 several different patches connected to a common feed line to create multiple bands are used.

A planar inverted-F antenna is described in US 5,764,190, that is provided with a capacitive load that allows the dimensions of the antenna to be reduced from a conventional λ/4 to λ/8. j

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The main object of the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art by means of a simple but yet an efficient antenna.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an antenna arrangement, which allows a multiple band antenna on a single microstrip layer without strong coupling between the bands.

Therefore an antenna arrangement, preferably of PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) type is provided, which comprises conducting plate covering a ground plate, said conducting plate being provided with a first slot as capacitive load. The conducting plate is further arranged with a second slot providing a pure conductive load.

In an advantages embodiment the conducting plate is provided with connections to ground and feeding, which connections are probes.

For generating, e.g. dual-band frequencies, the first and second slots are so arranged that in said conducting plate when fed by a current, two currents flowing in two paths are generated. Consequently, a dual band antenna is created with each band at the same mode, by creating said two different current paths.

To control characteristics of the antenna said first slot has a width and by varying said width, the capacitive load is varied and said first slot has a width and by varying said width, the conductive load is changed.

In a preferred embodiment said second slot is a delimited opening arranged in a longitudinal direction of the conducting plate. It may also comprise a substantially L-shaped opening.

In another preferred embodiment said second slot is a substantially circular opening. In a preferred embodiment said first slot is substantially T-shaped having an open and at one edge of the conducting plate, and it is arranged substantially in the middle of the conducting plate

In an advantageous embodiment, to reduce the size of the antenna the conducting plate is at least partly bended

Preferably, the antenna includes a third slot

The antenna arrangement is a single, dual and/or multi band antenna

According to a method of providing a single, dual and/or multi band antenna arrangement, preferably of PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) type, which comprises a conducting plate covering a ground plate, said conducting plate being provided with a first slot as a capacitive load the conducting plate is arranged with a second slot providing a conductive load and the characteπstics of said antenna are vaπed by varying dimensions and/or geometries of said slots

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following, the invention will be further descπbed in a non-hmitmg way under reference to the accompanying drawings in which

Figs 1 a and 2a are sections of a conducting plate provided with slots,

Figs lb and 2b are electπcal representations of the conducting plates shown m figs 1 a and 2a, Fig 3 is a schematic illustration in perspective of a first embodiment of the invention, Fig 4 illustrates a frontal, elevation view of the antenna arrangement according to fig 3, Fig 5 is the electπcal wiπng diagram representation of the antenna according to fig 3, and Figs 6 to 10 schematically show in perspective alternative embodiments of the invention

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS The theory behind the invention will be described with respect to the illustrations of figs, la, l b, 2a and 2b. By providing an open slot 6 on a conducting plate 5 a capacitive load element is obtained when a current flows through it. The slot 6 of fig. l a corresponds to a substantially large inductance L, and small capacitance C,. The slots of 6 and 7 of Fig. 2a correspond to a substantially large capacitance C2 and small inductance L2. The current paths for I, and I, are shown in fig.2a. By changing the gap distance d, it is possible to change the capacitive load for (in this case) two bands, while changing the width w of the inner slot 7, it is possible to change the inductive load on either both bands or a single band, which depends on the feeding arrangement.

Figs. 3 and 4 in a schematic way illustrate the antenna arrangement 10 according to the invention.

In order to achieve multiple band performance on a single microstrip layer without strong coupling between bands, an RLC circuit antenna is preposed.

The antenna arrangement 10 consists of a conducting plate 1 1 connected to a supporting member 12 such as a printed circuit board, provided with a ground plane 13, which is entirely or partly covered by said conducting plate 1 1. The conducting plate 11 is connected to the ground plane 13 and feeding (not shown) is provided through conductors 14 and 15. Thus, the present invention uses a probe feed which introduces extra inductance instead of a stripline or microstrip feed of prior art. Moreover, the invention presents only a single patch to create multiple frequencies.

Now referring to fig. 4, the conducting plate 11, which in this example is essentially rectangular- shaped and has a pair of first (short) edges 16 and a pair of second (long) edges 17, is arranged by a number of recesses or slots constituting an inductive and a capacitive load, both loads are unique. The slots can be provided in the conducting plate in varies ways and used to vary a resonant frequency since a current has to travel a longer path. The slots are denoted: 18 and 19, where 18 refers to a slot extending substantially in parallel to one of said second edges 17 and 19 refers to a substantially T-shaped slot having a first section 20 substantially in parallel with one of said first edges 16 and a second section 21 substantially in parallel with one of said second edges 17.

Slot 18 includes further slots 18a and 18b substantially transverse to its longitudinal axis. A further slot 21 a substantially transverse to the longitudinal axis of the slot 21 is provided, substantially as an extension of slot 20. The conducting plate 1 1 is provided with further notches 22a and 22b, preferably at each end section of the slot 18.

The electrical diagram of the antenna is shown in fig. 5. The capacitive load C is formed by the two ends of the antenna coming within close proximity of each other, i.e. the slot 20. This forms a capacitive load for both frequency bands. The inductive load L is formed by using both slots 19 and 18. The resistors R are inherent resistance of the conducting plate. The slot increases the inductive load by focussing the magnetic field and creates a third frequency (substantially much higher). Returning to fig. 4, two currents I, and I, flowing in two paths shown by arrows are generated. Consequently, a dual band antenna is created with each band at the same mode, by creating said two different current paths.

The slots, one with the open end (to air) 19 and the second the closed slot 18 (no open ends) are so arranged that the closed slot 18 creates a pure inductance loading, whereas the open slot 19 (dependent on location) provides both a capacitive and an inductive load. By placing the open slot 19 near the middle of the antenna and varying its geometry, the loading capacitance can be varied, while by changing the shape of the closed slot 18, the loading inductance is varied, each somewhat independently of the other load. The shapes of the slots are important since they have a direct effect on the loading values. An oblong closed has different inductance than a circular opening. Depending on the antenna geometry, either shape can be used for different effects. Moreover, the open slot provides a capacitive load at the end of each current path. The closed slot provides a pure inductance for either band or just one band (depending on location within the antenna).

Preferably, the accordingly produced antenna is λ/4 with a connection to the ground. Moreover, it is an advantage that the antenna dimensions can be tuned to provide 2 bands, while adjusting the slot's 18 dimensions to provide a third band, for example the 2 bands could correspond to GSM900/GSM1800 and the third band could be the ISM (Industrial, Scientific and Medical) Band.

Additional alternative embodiments realising the invention are disclosed in figs. 6-10. In all figures 1 1 denotes the conducting plate, 18 the first slot, 19 the second slot and 14/15 feed/ ground connections. In fig. 6, the first slot 18 is arranged as a circular opening at one comer section of the substantially rectangular conducting plate and the second slot 19 is arranged on one edge of the plate extending towards the inside of the rectangular conducting plate. Ground and feed connections are arranged at one side of the second slot 19.

In fig. 7 an additional rectangular slot 18a is arranged at one end of the second slot 19 arranged on one edge of the plate extending towards the inside of the rectangular conducting plate. Moreover, the plate 1 1 is provided with a bended portion 1 l a, which lengthens the antenna in small spaces.

In the embodiment according to fig. 8, which is similar to the embodiment of fig. 6, the second slot 19 is substantially T-shaped and the first slot 18 is substantially circular.

In the embodiment according to fig. 9, which is similar to the embodiment of fig. 8, the first slot is an angled rectangle (substantially L-shaped) extending partly in one side and partly in the upper side of the second, substantially T-shaped slot 19.

The embodiment of fig. 10 comprises an oblong rectangular conducting plate 1 1 provided with a substantially rectangular first slot 18 and a second slot 19, and has its feeding and ground connections at one short edge. Moreover, the slot 18 may be arranged at any side of the second slot.

The antenna arrangement according to the invention can be used in any device with a need for receiving and/or transmitting electro-magnetical waves, and because of its small size it is most suitable for use in cellular phones or the like. The invention is not limited to the shown embodiments but can be varied in a number of ways, e.g. through combination of two or more embodiments shown, without departing from the scope of the appended claims and the arrangement and the method can be implemented in various ways depending on application, functional units, needs and requirements etc.

Claims

1. An antenna arrangement ( 10), preferably of PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) type, which comprises a conducting plate (1 1) covering a ground plate ( 13), said conducting plate being provided with a first slot (19) as a capacitive load (C), characterised in, that said conducting plate ( 1 1 ) is arranged with a second slot ( 18, 19) providing a conductive load (L).
2. The antenna arrangement of claim 1 , characterised in, that said conducting plate ( 1 1) is provided with connections ( 14, 15) to ground and feeding.
3. The antenna arrangement of claim 2, characterised in, that said connections (14, 15) are probes.
4. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said first and second slots are so arranged that in said conducting plate ( 1 1 ) when fed by a current, two currents (I,; I2) flowing in two paths are generated.
5. The antenna arrangement of claim 4 characterised in, that a dual band antenna is created with each band at the same mode, by creating said two different current paths.
6. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said first slot has a width (d) and by varying said width, the capacitive load (C) is varied.
7. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said first slot has a width (w) and by varying said width, the conductive load (L) is changed.
8. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said second slot (18) is a delimited opening arranged in a longitudinal direction of the conducting plate.
9. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said second slot (18) comprises a substantially L-shaped opening.
10. The antenna arrangement according to any of claims 1 -8, characterised in, that said second slot (18) is a substantially circular opening.
1 1. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said first slot (19) is substantially T-shaped having an open and at one edge of the conducting plate.
12. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that said first slot (19) is arranged substantially in the middle of the conducting plate.
13. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that the conducting plate is at least partly bended.
14. The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that it includes a third slot (18a)
15 The antenna arrangement according to any of preceding claims, characterised in, that it is a single, dual and/or multi band antenna
16 Method of providing a single, dual and/or multi band antenna arrangement ( 10), preferably of PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) type, which compπses a conducting plate ( 1 1 ) coveπng a ground plate (13), said conducting plate being provided with a first slot ( 19) as a capacitiv e load (C), characterised by, arranging said conducting plate (1 1 ) with a second slot (18, 19) providing a conductive load
(L)
17 the method of claim 16, characterised in, that characteπstics of said antenna are vaπed by varying dimensions and/or geometries of said slots
PCT/SE2000/001513 1999-07-23 2000-07-24 Antenna arrangement WO2001008257A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14547799P true 1999-07-23 1999-07-23
US60/145,477 1999-07-23

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU63316/00A AU6331600A (en) 1999-07-23 2000-07-24 Antenna arrangement

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003034544A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2003-04-24 Fractus, S.A. Multiband antenna
GB2387486A (en) * 2002-04-11 2003-10-15 Samsung Electro Mech Planar antenna including a feed line of predetermined length
US6781553B2 (en) * 2000-08-04 2004-08-24 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Antenna device and radio communication device comprising the same
GB2401725A (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-17 Nokia Corp PIFA antenna with modified resonant frequencies
WO2004100313A1 (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-18 Nokia Corporation Open-ended slotted pifa antenna and tuning method
US7002519B2 (en) 2001-12-18 2006-02-21 Nokia Corporation Antenna
DE10137946B4 (en) * 2001-08-07 2006-07-06 Imst Gmbh Integrated three-band antenna
US7342553B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2008-03-11 Fractus, S. A. Notched-fed antenna
US7486242B2 (en) 2002-06-25 2009-02-03 Fractus, S.A. Multiband antenna for handheld terminal
US7504997B2 (en) 2003-02-19 2009-03-17 Fractus, S.A. Miniature antenna having a volumetric structure
EP2509155A1 (en) * 2011-04-06 2012-10-10 Research In Motion Limited Mobile wireless communications device having antenna assembly with electrically conductive base enclosing an elongate slot and associated methods
EP2525441A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2012-11-21 Zhijia Liu Miniaturized radio-frequency identification tag and microstrip patch antenna thereof
US8896493B2 (en) 1999-10-26 2014-11-25 Fractus, S.A. Interlaced multiband antenna arrays
US8941541B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-01-27 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9099773B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2015-08-04 Fractus, S.A. Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
US9331382B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2016-05-03 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US9755314B2 (en) 2001-10-16 2017-09-05 Fractus S.A. Loaded antenna

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4356492A (en) * 1981-01-26 1982-10-26 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Multi-band single-feed microstrip antenna system
US4692769A (en) * 1986-04-14 1987-09-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Dual band slotted microstrip antenna
US4766440A (en) * 1986-12-11 1988-08-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Triple frequency U-slot microstrip antenna
US5764190A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-06-09 The Hong Kong University Of Science & Technology Capacitively loaded PIFA
US5821902A (en) * 1993-09-02 1998-10-13 Inmarsat Folded dipole microstrip antenna

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4356492A (en) * 1981-01-26 1982-10-26 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Multi-band single-feed microstrip antenna system
US4692769A (en) * 1986-04-14 1987-09-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Dual band slotted microstrip antenna
US4766440A (en) * 1986-12-11 1988-08-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Triple frequency U-slot microstrip antenna
US5821902A (en) * 1993-09-02 1998-10-13 Inmarsat Folded dipole microstrip antenna
US5764190A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-06-09 The Hong Kong University Of Science & Technology Capacitively loaded PIFA

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9054421B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-06-09 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US10056682B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2018-08-21 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8941541B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-01-27 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9761934B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2017-09-12 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8976069B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-03-10 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9362617B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2016-06-07 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9000985B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-04-07 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9240632B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2016-01-19 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9905940B2 (en) 1999-10-26 2018-02-27 Fractus, S.A. Interlaced multiband antenna arrays
US8896493B2 (en) 1999-10-26 2014-11-25 Fractus, S.A. Interlaced multiband antenna arrays
US9331382B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2016-05-03 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US6781553B2 (en) * 2000-08-04 2004-08-24 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Antenna device and radio communication device comprising the same
DE10137946B4 (en) * 2001-08-07 2006-07-06 Imst Gmbh Integrated three-band antenna
EP1942551A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2008-07-09 Fractus, S.A. Multiband antenna
US9755314B2 (en) 2001-10-16 2017-09-05 Fractus S.A. Loaded antenna
WO2003034544A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2003-04-24 Fractus, S.A. Multiband antenna
US7002519B2 (en) 2001-12-18 2006-02-21 Nokia Corporation Antenna
GB2387486B (en) * 2002-04-11 2006-09-13 Samsung Electro Mech Multi band built-in antenna
GB2387486A (en) * 2002-04-11 2003-10-15 Samsung Electro Mech Planar antenna including a feed line of predetermined length
US7903037B2 (en) 2002-06-25 2011-03-08 Fractus, S.A. Multiband antenna for handheld terminal
US7486242B2 (en) 2002-06-25 2009-02-03 Fractus, S.A. Multiband antenna for handheld terminal
US7342553B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2008-03-11 Fractus, S. A. Notched-fed antenna
US8149171B2 (en) 2003-02-19 2012-04-03 Fractus, S.A. Miniature antenna having a volumetric structure
US7504997B2 (en) 2003-02-19 2009-03-17 Fractus, S.A. Miniature antenna having a volumetric structure
US8593349B2 (en) 2003-02-19 2013-11-26 Fractus, S.A. Miniature antenna having a volumetric structure
GB2401725A (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-17 Nokia Corp PIFA antenna with modified resonant frequencies
GB2401725B (en) * 2003-05-12 2006-10-11 Nokia Corp Antenna
WO2004100313A1 (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-18 Nokia Corporation Open-ended slotted pifa antenna and tuning method
US9099773B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2015-08-04 Fractus, S.A. Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
US9899727B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2018-02-20 Fractus, S.A. Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
EP2525441A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2012-11-21 Zhijia Liu Miniaturized radio-frequency identification tag and microstrip patch antenna thereof
EP2525441A4 (en) * 2010-01-20 2013-07-31 Zhijia Liu Miniaturized radio-frequency identification tag and microstrip patch antenna thereof
US8933847B2 (en) 2011-04-06 2015-01-13 Blackberry Limited Mobile wireless communications device having antenna assembly with electrically conductive base enclosing an elongate slot and associated methods
EP2509155A1 (en) * 2011-04-06 2012-10-10 Research In Motion Limited Mobile wireless communications device having antenna assembly with electrically conductive base enclosing an elongate slot and associated methods

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