WO2000076558A1 - Absorbent article that contains an active additive and use of a visual indicator in an absorbent article - Google Patents

Absorbent article that contains an active additive and use of a visual indicator in an absorbent article Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2000076558A1
WO2000076558A1 PCT/SE2000/001206 SE0001206W WO0076558A1 WO 2000076558 A1 WO2000076558 A1 WO 2000076558A1 SE 0001206 W SE0001206 W SE 0001206W WO 0076558 A1 WO0076558 A1 WO 0076558A1
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WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
absorbent article
visual indicator
active additive
active
acid
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE2000/001206
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Charlotte Persson
Original Assignee
Sca Hygiene Products Ab
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/42Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators with wetness indicator or alarm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/56Wetness-indicators or colourants

Abstract

Active additive substances in absorbent articles, such as sanitary napkins, panty liners, tampons, incontinence protectors and diapers, often have limited durability, and have been found to lose their properties and their activity when handled unfavourably. Thus, it is important to be able to determine the activity status of the active additive substance when the absorbent article is used and handled. The present invention relates to an absorbent article that includes at least one active additive substance and that also comprises a visual indicator which gives an indication of the activity status of said active additive substance.

Description

ABSORBENT ARΗCLE THAT CONTAINS AN ACTIVE ADDITlVE AND USE OF A VISUAL INDICATOR IN AN ABSORBENT ARΗCLE

FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to an absorbent article that contains one or more active substances, and is characterised in that the absorbent article comprises a visual indicator that shows the activity status of the active substance.

BACKGROUND ART

In recent times, different additives have been included in absorbent articles. These additives, or active substances, are often included to improve the properties of the product in some way. Examples of active additives are odour-inhibiting additives, or deodorants, such as zeolites and silica for instance, as described for example in WO 97/46188, WO 97/46190, WO 97/46192, WO 97/46193, WO 97/46195 and WO 97/46196. These additives shall function mainly in the actual product. Other examples of active additives include softeners, such as lotions, in diapers, which softeners are intended to be transferred from the product to the wearer's skin. Further examples include the addition of acid superabsorbent polymers (SAP) (SE- 9804390-4, SE-9804360-7), citric acid (US-A-4,583,980, GB-A-1317156), lactic acid (EP-A-0257007), or some form of acid-producing bacteria for preventing the occurrence of malodours in the products. An example of the addition of acid- producing bacteria is the addition of lactobacilli for inhibiting the growth of bacteria in the product. The lactobacilli may also be transferred to the wearer of the article, thereby enhancing defence against undesired bacteria. The addition of lactobacilli and the effect of such addition is mentioned in, inter alia, SE 9703669-3, SE 9502588-8, WO 92/13577, SE 9801951-6, SE 9804390-4 and SE 9902207-1.

PROBLEMS AND DEFICIENCIES WITH KNOWN TECHNOLOGY One problem with absorbent products that contain active additives is that the substances often have limited durability. For instance, lactobacilli can be affected negatively by moisture absorption in storage, thereby impairing the effect of the lactobacilli. It is therefore important to package the products in a manner, which will ensure the longest possible durability. It is also important, of course, to ensure that manufacturing conditions, storage conditions and transportation conditions are such as to make certain that the product will remain durable for as long as possible. It is often very difficult to ensure that a product has been handled optimally throughout the entire chain from its manufacture to its use. Furthermore, it can be difficult to determine whether or not the active substance in the absorbent product is still fully active.

There is at present no way of determining whether or not an absorbent article that contains active additives has normal activity and function potential.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to an absorbent article that contains at least one active additive, characterised in that said article comprises a visual indicator that indicates the activity status of the active additive.

DEFINITIONS

By absorbent article is meant, for instance, a sanitary napkin, a diaper, an incontinence protector, a tampon, a panty liner and similar products that are comprised partially of an absorbent material, for instance a cellulose material such as airlaid, LDA, chemical pulp or CTMP.

By active additive is meant a substance, an agent, or a composition that is added to the absorbent article in manufacture and that is intended to change or improve the function of the article in some way. Examples of active additives include odour inhibitors, such as zeolite and silica, softeners such as lotions, lactobacilli for inhibiting the growth of other micro-organisms, and acids, such as lactic acid and citric acid, acid SAP, and partially neutralised SAP, which are intended to lower the pH and thereby inhibit bacterial growth.

By visual indicator is meant a substance, a composition, or a material that gives a visual indication of changed conditions in its environment, for instance changes in pH, moisture content or temperature. Examples of visual indicators are chemical substances such as methyl red, methyl violet, methyl orange, bromocresol mauve, Acid Blue 80, blue dye Calcocid Blue 2G, ethyl red, bromophenol blue, bromocresol green, crystal violet, cresol red, thymol blue, erythrosine B, 2,4- dinitrophenol, Eriochrome™ Black T, alizarin, bromothymol blue, phenol red, m- nitrophenol, o-cresolphthaelin, phenolphthalein, tymolphthalein, alizarin Yellow Reller, and such material as litmus paper.

By the activity of an active additive is meant its ability to perform its intended function. If an active additive has impaired activity, this means that its ability to produce lactic acid for instance, as in the case with lactobacilli, is worse than normal. Accordingly, by the activity status of an additive is meant the state of the activity possessed by an active additive on a given occasion.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The object of the invention is to provide an absorbent article that can indicate the activity status of an active additive included in said article.

This object can be achieved by including in the absorbent article a visual indicator that will show a change in pH in the absorbent article, said change in pH occurring as a result of a change in the active additive. This change may be because the environment in the absorbent article has become more basic, or more acid, depending on the properties of the active additive and/or of the absorbent article. The visual indicator will therefore preferably be selected on the basis of the properties of the active additive and the absorbent article.

According to one embodiment of the invention, this is achieved by including in the absorbent article a visual indicator that will give an indication that an included active additive is active and that it remains active during use. In this regard, the active additive produces acid, which results in a change in colour of the visual indicator. This colour change then indicates that the active additive is still active. In a preferred embodiment, the colour change takes place in the pH range of 4-7, or preferably in the pH range of 5-7.

The active additive may, for instance, be a micro-organism. According to one preferred embodiment, the active additive is an acid producing micro-organism. According to a more preferred embodiment, the active substance consists of lactobacilli. In an even more preferred embodiment, the active additive consists of lactobacilli of the strain Lactobacillus plantarum LB 931 (deposition No. (DSM): 41918).

An active additive that consists of lactobacilli is sensitive to moisture take-up. The lactobacilli are activated and consumed when stored over a long period of time in a moist environment. This means that a colour change in accordance with the aforedescribed embodiment may indicate that the lactobacilli have been activated prematurely, i.e. prior to use of the product. In such a case, this will be shown by the visual indicator by virtue of a visible colour change. When no colour change can be seen on the visual indicator prior to use, this can be interpreted as meaning that the lactobacilli have still not been activated and that the product is in a fully satisfactory state. Thus, the visual indicator will normally show a colour change when use of the product is commenced.

According to one embodiment, the visual indicator shows a colour change when the active substance exhibits activity. According to another embodiment, the visual indicator shows a colour change when the active substance has been consumed, either in the package prior to use, for instance as a result of poor storage conditions, or during use of the absorbent article.

According to still another embodiment, the visual indicator shows a colour change when the absorbent article has taken up moisture, for instance when the absorbent article has taken-up and contains >10 percent by weight liquid.

According to yet another embodiment, the active additive or substance is citric acid. Citric acid is activated when wetting the absorbent article, which is indicated by a suitable pH indicator.

Lactic acid, acid SAP and partially neutralised SAP may also be used as the active additive.

The visual indicator will preferably be applied in the lowest possible concentration, preferably in a volume of at most 0.1 ml, and more preferably in a volume of at most 0,01 ml. However, the preferred volume depends on the type of visual indicator and the type of absorbent product. Typically, the amount of the visual indicator that is used is approximately 0.1 g/cm2. The total surface that will be used for application of the visual indicator is typically 1 cm2. The visual indicator may be applied in a pattern, such as in stripes, flowers, dots, loops or text that appear when the visual indicator changes colour. The visual indicator may be applied on top of LDA, or preferably in the nonwoven outer sheet (NW) of the absorbent article. It is preferred that the visual indicator is placed on one of the uppermost layers in the absorbent article and that the visual indicator can be detected on the surface of said article. The packaging unit in which the inventive absorbent article is packaged may be transparent, so that the visual indicator can be seen from outside the package. In one embodiment, the absorbent article is, for instance, a panty liner that consists of three layers of material, to-wit an upper nonwoven layer (NW), an intermediate LDA layer and a bottom plastic layer. This article also includes an active substance, for instance lactobacilli or lactic acid, which is applied in the absorbent article. In this case, the indicator may be applied on the LDA layer or on the NW layer and will conveniently be visible from outside the package.

It is important that the visual indicator is non-toxic or in not in any way harmful to the person wearing the absorbent article.

According to the invention, the visual indicator may be printed on the absorbent article with the aid of a print roller, or optionally on packaging film that is in contact with the article. This can be effected by rolling roll material over a print roller that is in contact with a bath of indicator liquid. The technique is well known from the printing trade.

The invention can be applied with absorbent articles such as diapers, panty liners, incontinence protectors, napkins and tampons, and finds the most beneficial use in panty liners, incontinence protectors and diapers.

ADVANTAGES AFFORDED BY THE INVENTION

One advantage afforded by the invention is that the consumer obtains information relating to the durability of the product and that the quality of the purchased product is fully satisfactory.

Another advantage afforded by the invention is that it is possible to see when the active substance has been impaired as a result of external conditions, and if so where in the handling chain from the manufacture to the use of the product the impairment has occurred. This enables the various stages in the handling chain to be improved and also enables products whose active substance is no longer fully active to be removed from said chain.

Another important advantage afforded with the aid of the invention is that it can be seen when an active substance has been active during use. This activity can be observed after use by virtue of a colour change.

Claims

1 An absorbent article, such as a diaper, a panty liner, an incontinence protector, a napkin, or a tampon that includes at least one active additive substance, characterised in that the absorbent article comprises a visual indicator that indicates the activity status of the active additive.
2. An absorbent article according to Claim 1, characterised in that the visual indicator changes colour in response to a change in pH or a change in the moisture content of the absorbent article.
3. An absorbent article according to any one of Claims 1 or 2, characterised in that the visual indicator is comprised of methyl red, methyl violet, methyl orange, bromocresol lilac, Acid Blue 80, blue dye Calcocid Blue 2G, ethyl red, bromophenol blue, bromocresol green, preferably methyl orange, methyl red or methyl violet.
4. An absorbent article according to any one of Claims 1-3, characterised in that the active additive is a micro-organism, preferably an acid producing micro- organism, more preferably a lactobacillus, and still more preferably a lactobacillus of the strain Lactobacillus plantarum LB931 (DSM No. 41918).
5. An absorbent article according to any one of Claims 1-3, characterised in that the active substance is an acid, preferably citric acid, lactic acid or acid SAP.
6. An absorbent article according to any one of Clams 1-5, characterised in that the visual indicator is placed on one of the uppermost layers of the absorbent product; and in that the visual indicator can be detected on the surface of the product.
7. The use of a visual indicator in an absorbent article, such as a diaper, a panty liner, an incontinence protector, a napkin or a tampon, that includes at least one active additive substance which provides an indication of the activity status of said active additive substance.
PCT/SE2000/001206 1999-06-11 2000-06-09 Absorbent article that contains an active additive and use of a visual indicator in an absorbent article WO2000076558A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE9902207-1 1999-06-11
SE9902207 1999-06-11
SE9904648-4 1999-12-17
SE9904648 1999-12-17

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20000939261 EP1185311A1 (en) 1999-06-11 2000-06-09 Absorbent article that contains an active additive and use of a visual indicator in an absorbent article
JP2001502889A JP2003501216A (en) 1999-06-11 2000-06-09 Use of visual indicators in the absorbent articles and absorbent articles containing the active additive

Publications (1)

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WO2000076558A1 true true WO2000076558A1 (en) 2000-12-21

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JP (1) JP2003501216A (en)
WO (1) WO2000076558A1 (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005061013A1 (en) * 2003-12-05 2005-07-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal care products with visual indicator of vaginitis
US7332642B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2008-02-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having printed wetness indicators
US7365238B2 (en) 2002-02-19 2008-04-29 The Procter And Gamble Company Absorbent article having a dehydration indicator
WO2008060355A2 (en) * 2006-10-03 2008-05-22 Allegiance Corporation Color change surgical prep solution
US7666410B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2010-02-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Delivery system for functional compounds
US7678367B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-03-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for reducing odor using metal-modified particles
US7754197B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-07-13 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for reducing odor using coordinated polydentate compounds
US7794737B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-09-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor absorbing extrudates
US7837663B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-11-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor controlling article including a visual indicating device for monitoring odor absorption
US7879350B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2011-02-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for reducing odor using colloidal nanoparticles
US8211369B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2012-07-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. High surface area material blends for odor reduction, articles utilizing such blends and methods of using same
US8221328B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2012-07-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Visual indicating device for bad breath
US8348920B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2013-01-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having wetness appearing graphics
US8409618B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2013-04-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor-reducing quinone compounds
US20140087417A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2014-03-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal Care Products with Visual Indicator of Vaginitis

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US9320825B2 (en) * 2012-09-26 2016-04-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid-activated formulation with permanent colorant

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EP0021492A1 (en) * 1979-06-18 1981-01-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Disposable diaper type garment having wetness indicator
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US5217444A (en) * 1987-11-11 1993-06-08 Alex Schoenfeld Absorbent tampon
WO1994022500A1 (en) * 1993-03-31 1994-10-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles for odor control with positive scent signal
US5468236A (en) * 1993-06-09 1995-11-21 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Disposable absorbent product incorporating chemically reactive substance
US5902669A (en) * 1995-04-24 1999-05-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable paper products with indicator means

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EP0021492A1 (en) * 1979-06-18 1981-01-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Disposable diaper type garment having wetness indicator
US5217444A (en) * 1987-11-11 1993-06-08 Alex Schoenfeld Absorbent tampon
EP0347657A2 (en) * 1988-06-20 1989-12-27 The International Group. Inc. Wetness indicating hot-melt adhesives
WO1994022500A1 (en) * 1993-03-31 1994-10-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles for odor control with positive scent signal
US5468236A (en) * 1993-06-09 1995-11-21 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Disposable absorbent product incorporating chemically reactive substance
US5902669A (en) * 1995-04-24 1999-05-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable paper products with indicator means

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7365238B2 (en) 2002-02-19 2008-04-29 The Procter And Gamble Company Absorbent article having a dehydration indicator
US7666410B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2010-02-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Delivery system for functional compounds
US8409618B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2013-04-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor-reducing quinone compounds
US8702618B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2014-04-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Visual indicating device for bad breath
US8221328B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2012-07-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Visual indicating device for bad breath
US7879350B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2011-02-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for reducing odor using colloidal nanoparticles
US8211369B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2012-07-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. High surface area material blends for odor reduction, articles utilizing such blends and methods of using same
US7678367B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-03-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for reducing odor using metal-modified particles
US7754197B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-07-13 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for reducing odor using coordinated polydentate compounds
US7794737B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-09-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor absorbing extrudates
US7837663B2 (en) 2003-10-16 2010-11-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor controlling article including a visual indicating device for monitoring odor absorption
US7592020B2 (en) 2003-12-05 2009-09-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal care products with visual indicator of vaginitis
WO2005061013A1 (en) * 2003-12-05 2005-07-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal care products with visual indicator of vaginitis
US7332642B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2008-02-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having printed wetness indicators
US8348920B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2013-01-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having wetness appearing graphics
US8568384B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2013-10-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having wetness appearing graphics
US8940959B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2015-01-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having inkjet printed wetness indicators
US9730841B2 (en) 2004-04-19 2017-08-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having inkjet printed wetness indicators
US8518374B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2013-08-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal care products with visual indicator of vaginitis
WO2008060355A2 (en) * 2006-10-03 2008-05-22 Allegiance Corporation Color change surgical prep solution
WO2008060355A3 (en) * 2006-10-03 2009-07-09 Allegiance Corp Color change surgical prep solution
US9101134B2 (en) 2006-10-03 2015-08-11 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Color change surgical prep solution
US20140087417A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2014-03-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal Care Products with Visual Indicator of Vaginitis
US9279140B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2016-03-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Personal care products with visual indicator of vaginitis

Also Published As

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JP2003501216A (en) 2003-01-14 application

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