WO2000032147A1 - Absorbent article having channel - Google Patents

Absorbent article having channel

Info

Publication number
WO2000032147A1
WO2000032147A1 PCT/US1998/025327 US9825327W WO2000032147A1 WO 2000032147 A1 WO2000032147 A1 WO 2000032147A1 US 9825327 W US9825327 W US 9825327W WO 2000032147 A1 WO2000032147 A1 WO 2000032147A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
portion
channel
absorbent article
compression
generally
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1998/025327
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Tsutomu Murota
Original Assignee
The Procter & Gamble Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/47Sanitary towels, incontinence pads or napkins
    • A61F13/475Sanitary towels, incontinence pads or napkins characterised by edge leakage prevention means
    • A61F13/4751Sanitary towels, incontinence pads or napkins characterised by edge leakage prevention means the means preventing fluid flow in a transversal direction
    • A61F13/4756Sanitary towels, incontinence pads or napkins characterised by edge leakage prevention means the means preventing fluid flow in a transversal direction the means consisting of grooves, e.g. channels, depressions or embossments, resulting in a heterogeneous surface level
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/53Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium
    • A61F13/531Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having a homogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad
    • A61F13/532Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having a homogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad inhomogeneous in the plane of the pad
    • A61F13/533Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having a homogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad inhomogeneous in the plane of the pad having discontinuous areas of compression

Abstract

An absorbent article having a channel is disclosed. The absorbent article comprises a liquid permeable topsheet, a liquid impermeable backsheet, and an absorbent core therebetween. The channel has at least one first portion and at least one second portion being of different compression relative to one another. At least two boundaries between the first and second portions are generally linear and generally non-parallel.

Description

ABSORBENT ARTICLE HAVING CHANNEL

FIELD

This invention relates to an absorbent article, such as a sanitary napkin, a baby diaper, or an adult incontinence product, having a channel. More specifically, this invention relates to an absorbent article having a channel including at least one first portion and at lease one second portion being of different compression relative to one another.

BACKGROUND Absorbent articles, such as sanitary napkins, baby diapers, adult incontinence products are well known. Such absorbent articles have a liquid permeable topsheet, a liquid impermeable backsheet, and an absorbent core therebetween. The absorbent article is designed to absorb body fluid, such as urine and menses into the absorbent core through the topsheet. One of the important functions of the absorbent article is to absorb and hold body fluid in the absorbent core and prevent from leaking of body fluid out of the absorbent core. Therefore, the absorbent core should have enough capacity to absorb and hold body fluid. However, the wearer sometimes experiences that the body fluid leaks out of the absorbent articles and soils the wearer's undergarment and/or cloths. The leakage of body fluid tends to happen at the longitudinal sides of the absorbent article. The lateral width of the absorbent article is typically shorter than the longitudinal length. Therefore, body fluid reaches the longitudinal sides of the absorbent article earlier than the lateral edges. Body fluid does not always reach the longitudinal side of the absorbent article before changing an absorbent article. However, the wearer still feels insecure in the absorbent article with respect to leakage of body fluid if body fluid reaches near the longitudinal side. In order for the absorbent article to absorb body fluid effectively without leakage of body fluid out of the absorbent article, the absorbent article also should be applied closely to the wearer's body such that the absorbent article can catch body fluid in an intended place of the absorbent article (e.g., the center of the absorbent core). For example, this can be achieved by rendering a portion of the absorbent core thick such that the absorbent core is closely disposed to the wearer's body. However, this gives the wearer a feeling of bulkiness.

In order to address to the issues, absorbent articles having a channel have been provided. The channel is formed by compressing, e.g., the topsheet side toward the absorbent core. As a result of compression, the absorbent core and the topsheet deforms such that the channel is created. Body fluid running on the topsheet flows into the channel and tends to flow along the channel rather than continuing along the topsheet. In addition, because the absorbent core is compressed, and therefore has a higher density area versus the rest of the absorbent core, body fluid flowing into the channel tends to diffuse along the high density area. Further, the absorbent article preferentially bends at the channel. Therefore, disposing the compressed channel in an appropriate position, such as along opposite longitudinal sides of the absorbent article, improves the fit of the absorbent article to the wearer's body.

For example, there is a sanitary napkin having a groove with lower and higher density compressed zones arranged on the bottom of the groove alternately in a row in a longitudinal direction of the groove. Such a sanitary napkin is disclosed in, e.g., JP Patent publication 97/108262 published on April 28, 1997.

The structural integrity of the channel formed on the absorbent article must be maintained as long as possible over a period of use of the absorbent article. The topsheet of the channel portion is typically joined to the absorbent core by applying heat, heat and pressure, and/or adhesive between the topsheet and the absorbent core. However, the topsheet of the channel portion sometimes detaches from the absorbent core due to, e.g., peeling force added to the channel portion caused by twisting of the absorbent article. As a result, the channel loses its shape and does not work as initially expected.

Based on the foregoing, there is a need for an absorbent article having a channel, wherein the structural integrity of the channel formed on the absorbent article is maintained as long as possible over a period of use of the absorbent article. None of the existing art provides all of the advantages and benefits of the present invention.

SUMMARY The present invention provides an absorbent article having a channel. The absorbent article comprises a liquid permeable topsheet, a liquid impermeable backsheet, and an absorbent core therebetween. The channel has at least one first portion and at least one second portion being of different compression relative to one another. At least two boundaries between the first and second portions are generally linear and generally non- parallel.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

While the specification concludes with claims which particularly point out and distinctly claim the invention, it is believed the present invention will be better understood from the following description of preferred embodiments taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals identify identical elements and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the absorbent article of the present invention with a portion of the structure being cut-away to more clearly show the construction of the absorbent article;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of the absorbent article taken along the line ll-II ofFIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of an embodiment of the channel shown in FIG. 1 ;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the channel shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a top plan view of alternative embodiment of the channel;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of the channel shown in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a top plan view of another alternative embodiment of the channel; and

FIG. 8 is a top plan view of another alternative embodiment of the channel.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION All cited references are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.

Citation of any reference is not an admission regarding any determination as to its availability as prior art to the claimed invention. "Comprising" means that other steps and other elements which do not affect the end result can be added. This term encompasses the terms "consisting of and "consisting essentially of.

The present invention provides an absorbent article having a channel capable of resisting peeling force in multiple (at least two) directions. Thereby the incidence of the topsheet detaching from the absorbent core is reduced and the structural integrity of the channel on the absorbent article is maintained as long as possible over a period of use of the absorbent article. These and other features of the present invention are discussed in more detail below. Referring now to the drawings, the present invention is disclosed in a preferred but non-limiting embodiment.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the absorbent article, such as a sanitary napkin, 20 of the present invention with a portion of the structure being cut-away to more clearly show the construction of the sanitary napkin 20. The sanitary napkin 20 is used to collect vaginal discharges, such as menses, and prevent soiling of the wearer's clothing by such discharges. As shown in FIG. 1 , the sanitary napkin 20 has two centerlines, a principal longitudinal centerline L and a principal transverse centerline (not shown in FIGS). Herein, "longitudinal" refers to a line, axis or direction in the plane of the sanitary napkin 20 that is generally aligned with (e.g. approximately parallel to) a vertical plane which bisects a standing wearer into left and right body halves when the sanitary napkin 20 is worn. Herein, "transverse" "lateral" or "width" are interchangeable, and refer to a line, axis or direction which lies within the plane of the sanitary napkin 20 that is generally perpendicular to the longitudinal direction. The sanitary napkin 20 also has two spaced apart longitudinal side edges 30, two spaced apart transverse or end edges (or "ends") 32, which together form the periphery 34 of the sanitary napkin 20.

The sanitary napkin 20 basically includes two surfaces, a liquid pervious body- contacting surface or "body surface" 20A that is intended to be worn adjacent to the body of the wearer, and a liquid impervious garment surface 20B (not shown in FIG. 1). The body surface 20A includes a liquid permeable topsheet 24 and the liquid impermeable garment surface 20B includes a liquid impermeable backsheet 26 which is joined to the topsheet 24. The sanitary napkin 20 includes an absorbent core 28 interposed between the topsheet 24 and the backsheet 26. The sanitary napkin 20 further includes channels 36 on the body surface 20A.

FIG. 2 shows the individual components of the sanitary napkin 20. The sanitary napkin 20 has at least three primary components, the topsheet 24, the backsheet 26, and the absorbent core 28 interposed therebetween. The topsheet 24, the backsheet 26, and the absorbent core 28 may be assembled in a variety of configurations known in the art (including layered or "sandwich" configurations and wrapped or "tube" configurations). FIG. 2 shows a preferred embodiment of the sanitary napkin 20 assembled in a sandwich construction in which the topsheet 24 and the backsheet 26 have length and width dimensions generally larger than those of the absorbent core 28. The topsheet 24 and the backsheet 26 extend beyond the edges of the absorbent core 28 to form portions of the periphery 34. The topsheet 24 is preferably joined to the body-facing side of the absorbent core 28 and the backsheet 26 is preferably joined to the garment-facing side of the absorbent core 28. The topsheet 24 and backsheet 26 can be joined to the absorbent core 28 in any suitable manner known in the art for this purpose, such as by an open pattern of adhesives. The portions of the topsheet 24 and backsheet 26 that extend beyond the edges of the absorbent core 28 are preferably also joined to each other. These portions of the topsheet 24 and backsheet 26 can also be joined in any suitable manner known in the art. Preferably, in the embodiment shown, these portions of the topsheet 24 and backsheet 26 are joined using adhesives over substantially the entire portions that extend beyond the edges of the absorbent core 28, and a crimp seal around the periphery 34 of the sanitary napkin 20 where the topsheet 24 and backsheet 26 are densified by the application of pressure or heat and pressure. Alternatively, the portions of the topsheet 24 and backsheet 26 may be joined using heat bonds, pressure bonds, ultrasonic bonds, dynamic mechanical bonds, or any other suitable attachment means or combinations of these attachment means as are known in the art.

The absorbent core 28 may be any absorbent means which is capable of absorbing or retaining liquids such as vaginal fluids (e.g., menses) and other certain body discharges. The absorbent core 28 has a garment surface 52 and a body surface 54 as shown in FIG. 2. The absorbent core 28 also has core side edges 56 and core end edges 58 as shown in FIG. 1. The absorbent core 28 may be manufactured in a wide variety of sizes and shapes (e.g., rectangular, oval, hourglass, dog bone, asymmetric, etc.) and from a wide variety of liquid-absorbent materials commonly used in sanitary napkins and other absorbent articles such as comminuted wood pulp which is generally referred to as airfelt. Examples of other suitable absorbent materials include creped cellulose wadding, meltblown polymers including coform, cross-linked chemically modified cellulosic fibers, synthetic fibers, tissue including tissue wraps and tissue laminates, absorbent foams, absorbent sponges, superabsorbent polymers, absorbent gelling materials, or any equivalent material or combinations of materials, or mixtures of these. The configuration and construction of the absorbent core may also be varied (e.g., the absorbent core may have varying caliper zones, hydrophilic gradients, superabsorbent gradients, or lower density and lower average basis weight acquisition zones; or may comprise one or more layers or structures). The total absorbent capacity of the absorbent core should, however, be compatible with the design loading and the intended use of the sanitary napkin. Further, the size and absorbent capacity of the absorbent core may be varied to accommodate different uses such as incontinent pads, pantiliners, regular sanitary napkins, overnight sanitary napkins, or diapers.

An exemplary absorbent structure for use as the absorbent core of the present invention that has achieved wide acceptance and commercial success is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,950,264 entitled "Thin, Flexible Sanitary Napkin" issued to Osbora III on Aug. 21, 1990. A preferred embodiment of the absorbent core has a generally rectangular shape with rounded ends such as shown in FIG. 1 (i.e., linear core side edges 56 and arcuate core end edges 58). The absorbent core 28 may be formed from comminuted wood pulp fibers, and/or airfelt; that is profiled in the lateral direction and the longitudinal direction to be thicker in the central region of the absorbent core for improved absorbency and fit of the product.

The backsheet 26 is impervious to liquids (e.g., menses and/or urine) and is preferably manufactured from a thin plastic film, although other flexible liquid impervious materials may also be used. As used herein, the term "flexible" refers to materials which are compliant and will readily conform to the general shape and contours of the human body. The backsheet 26 prevents the body discharges such as menses absorbed and contained in the absorbent core 28 from wetting articles which contact the sanitary napkin such as pants, pajamas and undergarments. The backsheet may thus include a woven or nonwoven material, polymeric films such as thermoplastic films of polyethylene or polypropylene, or composite materials such as a film-coated nonwoven material. The backsheet 26 may have vapor permeability. Preferably, the backsheet is a polyethylene film having a thickness of from about 0.012 mm (0.5 mil) to about 0.051 mm (2.0 mils). An exemplary polyethylene film is manufactured by Clopay Corporation of Cincinnati, Ohio. The size of the backsheet is dictated by the size of the absorbent core and the exact sanitary napkin design selected. In a preferred embodiment, the backsheet extends beyond the absorbent core a minimum distance around the entire sanitary napkin periphery.

The topsheet 24 is compliant, soft feeling, and non-irritating to the wearer's skin. Further, the topsheet 24 is liquid pervious permitting liquids (e.g., menses and/or urine) to readily penetrate through its thickness. For the present invention, a preferred topsheet is formed by an apertured plastic film. Apertured plastic films, formed films, are preferred for the topsheet because they are pervious to such body discharges and yet non-absorbent. Thus, the surface of the formed film which is in contact with the body remains dry, thereby reducing body soiling and creating a more comfortable feel for the wearer. Suitable formed films are described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,929,135, entitled "Absorptive Structures Having Tapered Capillaries", which issued to Thompson on Dec. 30, 1975; U.S. Pat. No. 4,324,246 entitled "Disposable Absorbent Article Having A Stain Resistant Topsheet", which issued to Mullane and Smith on Apr. 13, 1982; U.S. Pat. No. 4,342,314 entitled "Resilient Plastic Web Exhibiting Fiber-Like Properties", which issued to Radel and Thompson on Aug. 3, 1982; and U.S. Pat. No. 4,463,045 entitled "Macroscopically Expanded Three-Dimensional Plastic Web Exhibiting Non-Glossy Visible Surface and Cloth-Like Tactile Impression", which issued to Ahr, Lewis, Mullane, and Ouellette on Jul. 31, 1984. The preferred topsheet for the present invention is the formed film described in one or more of the above patents and marketed on sanitary napkins by The Procter & Gamble Company as "DRI- WEAVE". Alternatively, the topsheet may be manufactured from a wide range of materials, such as porous foams; reticulated foams; or woven or nonwoven webs of natural fibers (e.g., wood or cotton fibers), synthetic fibers (e.g., polyester or polypropylene fibers), or combinations of natural and synthetic fibers. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the body surface 25 of the formed film topsheet is hydrophilic. The hydrophilic body surface helps liquid to transfer through the topsheet faster than if the body surface 25 was not hydrophilic. This diminishes the likelihood that menstrual fluid will flow off the topsheet rather than being absorbed by the absorbent core. In a preferred embodiment, surfactant is incorporated into the polymeric materials of the formed film topsheet. A formed film topsheet with surfactant incorporated therein is described in PCT publication WO93/09741 published on May 27, 1993. Alternatively, the body surface 25 of the topsheet can be made hydrophilic by treating it with a surfactant. The surfactant would preferably be substantially evenly and completely distributed throughout the body surface 25 of the topsheet. This can be accomplished by any of the common techniques well-known to those skilled in the art. For example, the surfactant can be applied to the topsheet by spraying, by padding, or by use of transfer rolls.

Referring to FIG. 1, the sanitary napkin 20 has channels 36. Herein, "channel" refers to a generally elongated depression formed in at least a portion of an absorbent article. The channel can be formed by, e.g., reducing the amount of the absorbent core at the channel portion, and/or compressing or embossing the absorbent core at the channel portion to density there. By these operations, the portion of the absorbent article at the channel is formed into a generally elongated depression. The channel tends to preferentially diffuse body fluid and lets body fluid flow along the direction in which the channel extends. Therefore, the channel is useful to control body fluid flow, e.g., to reduce lateral leakage of body fluid by disposing the channel in an appropriate position of an absorbent aticle. The channel also works as a preferential bending axis of the absorbent article. Therefore, the absorbent article bends at the channel, e.g., to provide a better fit of the absorbent article to the wearer's body. The sanitary napkin 20 has a pair of the channel 36 extending generally along the longitudinal side edges 30 of the sanitary napkin 20 and being disposed at a transversely spaced interval. Each of the channels 36 has an arcuate shape curving toward the longitudinal centerline L of the sanitary napkin 20. A pair of the channels 36 has the narrowest interval between themselves at the center of the longitudinal direction of the sanitary napkin 20. Alternatively, the channel may have any configuration, e.g., one or more straight line-like shape extending along the longitudinal centerline L, one or more curved shape generally along the longitudinal centerline L, an oval shape, a rectangle shape, a triangle shape, a polygonal shape, or any other shape. Further, the sanitary napkin 20 may have a channel extending transversely. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the lateral interval of the channels 36 is variable. The lateral interval of the channels 36 is preferably wide enough to provide a sufficient area between the channels 36 such that the body fluid hits there. The interval of the channels 36 is at least 25 mm, preferably at least 30 mm, more preferably at least 36 mm. The length of the channel 36 is also variable. The length of the channel 36 should be determined in relation to the length of the absorbent core 28. The edge 38 of the channel 36 is preferably situated away from the core end edge 58 by at least 2 mm, preferably at least 4 mm, more preferably at least 6 mm. This prevents the channel 36 from extending into the periphery 34 of the sanitary napkin 20 even if the position of the channel 36 is shifted due to machine tolerance. The length of the channel 36 is between 10 % and 98 %, preferably between 20 % and 90 %, more preferably between 25 % and 85 %, of the length of the absorbent core in the longitudinal direction.

The channel 36 is formed by compressing the topsheet 24 and the absorbent core 28 toward the backsheet 26. The topsheet 24 at the channel 36 is pressed into the absorbent core 28 and the absorbent core 28 is densified. As a result of compression, the channel 36 is formed to have an elongated depression such as a modified gutter-like shape having a channel wall surface 40, a channel bottom surface 42, and a ridge surface 41 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the lateral width A of the channel 36 at the top surface of the topsheet 24 is between 3 mm and 5 mm, preferably between 3 mm and 4 mm, more preferably between 3 mm and 3.5 mm. The height B of the channel between the top surface of the topsheet 24 and the bottom surface 42 is between 2 mm and 7 mm, preferably between 4 mm and 6 mm, more preferably between 4 mm and 5 mm.

The channel 36 is formed to include at least one first portion 60 and at least one second portion 62 being of different compression relative to one another. In an embodiment, the first portion 60 is a portion of higher compression, and the second portion 62 is a portion of lower compression. Alternatively, the first portion 60 may be a portion of lower compression, and the second portion 62 may be a portion of higher compression. The absorbent core 28 is more compressed at the portion of higher compression 60 than at the portion of lower compression 62. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, the portion of higher compression 60 is that portion compressed to form the bottom surface 42 of the channel 36. The absorbent core 28 at the portion of higher compression 60 is densified as a result of compression, and therefore has higher wicking effect than the rest of the absorbent core 28 which is less compressed or not compressed. The portion of lower compression 62 is that portion compressed but not to the extent of the portion of higher compression 60.

The channel 36 has the wall surface 40 (or wall), the bottom surface 42 and the ridge surface 41. The topsheet 24 is adhered by an adhesive 70 to the absorbent core 28 throughout the wall surface 40 (or wall), the bottom surface 42 and the ridge surface 41 of the channel 36. Herein, "bottom surface" refers to the surface of the portion of the channel formed by being compressed at the highest pressure. Herein "ridge surface" refers to the surface of the portion of the channel formed by being compressed by lower pressure than the highest pressure. Herein, "wall surface" refers to the rest of surface of the channel other than "bottom surface" and "ridge surface". Herein, "channel surface" refers to the surface including the "bottom surface", the "wall surface" and the "ridge surface". In the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the bottom surface 42 includes the surface of the portion of higher compression 60. The ridge surface 41 includes the upper surface 41 A and the side surface 41B of the portion of lower compression 62. The wall surface 40 includes the generally vertical surface of the channel 36. The channel surface 72 includes all of these surfaces. The channel 36 shown in FIG. 4 has more surface area than the channel which is formed only by a portion of unitary compression. The portion of lower compression 62 provides the ridge surface 41. The combination of the portions of higher and lower compression 60 and 62 imparts unevenness to the channel surface 72 and increases the area of the channel surface 72. This results in increasing the contact area between the topsheet 24 and the absorbent core 28 where the adhesive intervenes. By increasing the adhesive area, the bonding strength between the topsheet 24 and the absorbent core 28 is enhanced. Generally as unevenness increases, the surface area of the channel 36 is extended. In order to impart further unevenness to the channel surface 36, the channel 36 may further include a third portion being of different compression from the first portion and the second portion.

If an absorbent article has an additional layer between the topsheet and the absorbent core at the channel, it is preferable that the adhesive is applied both between the topsheet and the additional layer and between the additional layer and the absorbent core. Alternatively, the topsheet and the additional layer may be joined by any means known to those skilled in the art, such as heat, heat and pressure, ultrasonic, etc.

There is a boundary 51 extending between the portion of the higher compression 60 and the portion of lower compression 62 as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. Herein, "boundary" refers to a portion where the geometry of the channel 36 alters from a first portion to a second portion with substantial aberration (e.g., from the portion of higher compression 60 to the portion of lower compression 62). The channel 36 has at least two boundaries 51 between the portion of higher compression 60 and the portion of lower compression 62. The two boundaries 51 are generally linear and generally non-parallel to one another. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the portion of higher compression 60 and the portion of lower compression 62 are disposed alternately in the direction of the length of the channel. Herein, "alternately" refers to a configuration where each portion of different compression terminates in the direction of the length of the channel generally across the width of the channel at the boundary and the other portion of different compression begins at the boundary. The portion of lower compression 62 has a generally triangle shape encompassed by a base edge 64 and two boundaries 51 when the portion of lower compression 62 is viewed from the top as shown in FIG. 3. The base edge 64 is the portion where the upper surface 41 A of the ridge surface 41 intersects with the wall surface 40. The boundary 51 is the portion where the side surface 41B of the ridge surface 41 intersects with the bottom surface 42. The boundary 51 is disposed at an angle with respect to the longitudinal centerline X of channel 36 and across the width of the channel 36. Herein, "longitudinal centerline" of the channel means a line which generally bisects the channel width between the opposite walls 40 of the channel 36. Therefore, if the channel is curved, the longitudinal centerline X is also curved generally along the opposite walls 40 of the channel 36. The portion of higher compression 60 has a generally parallelogram shape encompassed by a pair of boundaries 51 and a pair of wall base edges 65 when the portion of higher compression 60 is viewed from the top. The wall base edge 65 is the portion where the bottom surface 42 intersects with the wall surface 40. The boundaries 51 encompassing one portion of higher compression are generally linear and generally parallel to one another. The boundaries 51 define an orientation of the portion of higher compression 60. The orientation of the portion of higher compression 60 defined by the boundaries 51 is generally same as the orientation in which the parallel linear boundaries 51 extend. The portions of higher compression 60 orient in two directions Tl and T2 as shown in FIG. 3. Therefore, the boundaries 51 A of one portion of higher compression 60 A are non-parallel to the boundaries 5 IB of another portion of higher compression 60B.

The portion of higher compression 60 provides a stronger joining between the topsheet 24 and the absorbent core 28 than the portion of lower compression 62. Therefore, when peeling force is applied, the portion of higher compression 60 is more capable of resisting the peeling force than the portion of lower compression 62. The peeling force can be caused by twisting of the sanitary napkin 20 during use, such as during walking or posture change. Such peeling force caused by twisting of the sanitary napkin 20 tends to be applied to the channel 36 generally diagonally in two different directions Dl and D2 (refer to FIG. 1) (Although FIG. 1 shows only two forces in different directions Dl and D2, these are not all the directional forces applied to the sanitary napkin 20. There are various other potential directional forces. For the purposes of this description, only two forces in the directions Dl and D2 are described because they are the directions where the force will more likely occur.). The force in the direction Dl usually occurs when the sanitary napkin 20 twists in the direction T and the force in the direction D2 usually occurs when the sanitary napkin 20 twists in the direction S. The linear boundaries 51 of the portion of higher compression 60 extending in two different directions (such as linear boundaries 51 A and 5 IB) in the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 are capable of resisting peeling force at least in these two directions. The linear shape of the boundary 51 is believed a shape more likely to resist the force applied. FIGS. 5 - 11 show some of alternative embodiments of the present invention. It should be noted that other alternative embodiments other than the below are also possible. In FIGS. 5 and 6, the channel 100 is formed to include at least one first portion 102 and at least one second portion 104 being of different compression relative to one another. In the embodiment, the first portion 102 is a portion of higher compression, and the second portion 104 is a portion of lower compression. The portion of higher compression 102 and the portion of lower compression 104 are disposed alternately in the direction of the length of the channel 100. The portion of higher compression 102 has a generally triangle shape encompassed by a wall base edge 106 and two boundaries 108 when the portion of higher compression 102 is viewed from the top. The portion of lower compression 62 has a generally parallelogram shape encompassed by a pair of boundaries 108 and a pair of base edges 110 when the portion of higher compression 60 is viewed from the top. The boundaries 108 encompassing one portion of higher compression are generally linear and generally non-parallel to one another. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, each of the portion of higher compression 102 has non-parallel linear boundaries 108. The linear boundaries 108 of the portion of higher compression 102 extending in two different directions (such as two of linear boundaries 108C encompassing the portion of higher compression 102C in the embodiment shown in FIG. 5) are capable of resisting peeling force at least in two directions. FIG.7 shows another alternative embodiment of the channel. The channel 120 is formed to include at least one first portion 122 and at least one second portion 124 being of different compression relative to one another. In the embodiment, the first portion 122 is a portion of higher compression, and the second portion 124 is a portion of lower compression. Alternatively, the first portion 122 may be a portion of lower compression and the second portion 124 may be a portion of higher compression. The portion of lower compression 124 has a generally triangle shape encompassed by a base edge 126 and two boundaries 128 when the portion of lower compression 124 is viewed from the top. However, the apex 130 of the triangle shape does not extend to the wall 132 of the channel 120. In this embodiment shown in FIG. 7, although the base edge 126 extends to the wall 132, the base edge 126 may stop short of (i.e., be apart from) the wall 132. Alternatively, the portion of lower compression 124 may have a trapezoid shape which does not touch on the wall 132 of the channel 120. The portion of lower compression 124 is disposed so as not to terminate continuity of the portion of higher compression 122 in the direction along the channel, and the portion of higher compression 122 extends continuously circuitously in the direction along which the channel 120 extends. Herein, "continuously", "continuous", or "continuity" refers to a configuration where a portion of the channel has generally even geometry at least in the portion without having substantial aberration. When the "continuity" of the portion of higher compression 122 terminates, the geometry of the channel 120 alters, e.g., from the portion of higher compression 120 to the portion of lower compression 124 with substantial aberration. Herein, "circuitously" encompasses any configuration which is not straight such as winding, sinusoidal, or zigzag configuration. A plurality of the portions of lower compression 124 are disposed at spaced intervals from one another as shown in FIG. 7. The intervals can be consistent, variable in distance and/or relative orientation. The portions of lower compression 124 are arranged along two opposite walls 132 of the channel 120.

The portion of higher compression 122 is encompassed by boundaries 128 and the wall base edge 132. The portion of higher compression 122 is encompassed by at least generally parallel linear boundaries 128. Although the portion of higher compression 122 extends continuously, it could be viewed as a shape modified from the shape of the portion of higher compression 60 shown in FIG. 4 having a pair of boundaries being generally linear and generally parallel to one another. Therefore, the boundaries 128 define an orientation of the portion of higher compression 122. The orientation of the portion of higher compression 122 defined by the boundaries 128 is generally the same as the orientation of the parallel linear boundaries 128 extends. The portions of higher compression 120 orient in two directions T3 and T4 as shown in FIG. 7. When the portion of higher compression 122D is encompassed by parallel linear boundaries 128D, the boundaries 128D of one portion of higher compression 122D are non-parallel to the boundaries 128E of another portion of higher compression 122E.

The portion of higher compression 122 provides a preferential path for fluid flow. Because the portion of higher compression 122 has the continuously even bottom surface in the direction of the length of the channel 120, it allows body fluid to flow smoothly along it. Once the body fluid is drawn to the continuous high density portion formed by the portion of higher compression 122, the continuous high density portion preferentially diffuses body fluid along the length of the portion of higher compression 122. The channel 120 also has the portion of lower compression 124 to limit the area of the portion of higher compression 122 (i.e., the area of even bottom surface) in the channel 120 without terminating the continuity of the portion of higher compression 60. Therefore, the presence of the portion of lower compression 124 prevents the body fluid from flowing too quickly along the channel 120. Thus, the portion of higher compression 122 extending continuously along the channel 120 and the portion of lower compression 124 enables a controlling of fluid flow (i.e., controlled speed, but smooth flow) along the channel 120.

The portion of higher compression 122 may have a linear portion of higher compression in the direction of the length of the channel 120. The linear portion of higher compression extending continuously along the channel 120 forms a continuously even linear bottom surface. Herein, "linear portion" means a portion of higher compression extending in generally the same direction as the channel while maintaining a constant width. Therefore, if the channel is straight linear, the linear portion of higher compression is also straight linear. If the channel is curvilinear, the linear portion of higher compression is also curvilinear.

FIG.8 shows another alternative embodiment of the channel. The channel 140 is formed to include at least one first portion 142 and at least one second portion 144 being of different compression relative to one another. In the embodiment, the first portion 142 is a portion of higher compression, and the second portion 144 is a portion of lower compression. Alternatively, the first portion 142 may be a portion of lower compression and the second portion 144 may be a portion of higher compression. The portion of higher compression 142 and the portion of lower compression 144 are disposed alternately in the direction of the length of the channel 140. The portion of higher compression 142 has a generally parallelogram shape encompassed by a pair of boundaries 148 and a pair of wall base edges 146 when the portion of higher compression 142 is viewed from the top. The portion of lower compression 144 is encompassed by a pair of boundaries 148 and a pair of base edges 150 when the portion of lower compression 144 is viewed from the top.

The boundaries 148 encompassing the portion of higher compression 142 are generally linear and generally parallel to one another. The boundaries 148 defines an orientation of the portion of higher compression 142. The orientation of the portion of higher compression 142 defined by the boundaries 148 is generally same as the orientation of the parallel linear boundaries 148 extends. The portions of higher compression 142 may orient in three or more directions. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the portions of higher compression 142 orient in three different directions, T5, T6, and T7. Therefore, the boundaries 148F of one portion of higher compression 142F is non-parallel to the boundaries 148G of another portion of higher compression 142G and non-parallel to the boundaries 148H of another portion of higher compression 142H. Thus, the linear boundaries 148 of the portion of higher compression 142 extending in three or more different directions (such as linear boundaries 148F, 148G, and 148H) in the embodiment shown in FIG. 8 are more capable of resisting peeing force in multiple directions.

It is to be recognized that the foregoing detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is given merely by way of illustration, and that numerous modifications and variations may become apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, the scope of the present invention is to be determined by reference to the appended claims.

Claims

What is claimed is:
1. An absorbent article having a channel, the absorbent article comprising a liquid permeable topsheet, a liquid impermeable backsheet, and an absorbent core therebetween, wherein the channel has at least one first portion and at least one second portion being of different compression relative to one another, wherein at least two boundaries between the first and second portions are generally linear and generally non- parallel.
2. The absorbent article of Claim 1 wherein the channel has a centerline extending in the direction of the length of the channel, and the generally linear boundary is disposed at an angle with respect to the centerline.
3. The absorbent article of Claim 1 wherein the first portion and the second portion are disposed alternately in the direction of the length of the channel.
4. The absorbent article of Claim 3 wherein the first portion is encompassed by at least a pair of generally parallel linear boundaries, the generally parallel linear boundaries define an orientation of the first portion, wherein at least two first portions are generally non-parallel.
5. The absorbent article of Claim 4 wherein the first portions are oriented in three or more different directions.
6. The absorbent article of Claim 3 wherein the first portion is encompassed by at least generally non-parallel linear boundaries.
7. The absorbent article of Claim 1 wherein the first portion extends continuously in the direction of the length of the channel.
8. The absorbent article of Claim 3 or 7 wherein the first portion is a portion of higher compression, and the second portion is a portion of lower compression. The absorbent article of Claim 3 or 7 wherein the first portion is a portion of lower compression, and the second portion is a portion of higher compression.
PCT/US1998/025327 1998-11-30 1998-11-30 Absorbent article having channel WO2000032147A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1998/025327 WO2000032147A1 (en) 1998-11-30 1998-11-30 Absorbent article having channel

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1998/025327 WO2000032147A1 (en) 1998-11-30 1998-11-30 Absorbent article having channel
PCT/IB1999/001897 WO2000032145A1 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorbent article having channel
JP2000584843A JP4879397B2 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorber with a groove
DE1999610248 DE69910248T2 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 An absorbent article with channel
US09856016 US6563013B1 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorbent article having channel
CA 2352091 CA2352091C (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorbent article having channel
ES99972912T ES2201841T3 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 absorbent article having a channel.
KR20017006774A KR100420817B1 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorbent article having channel
DE1999610248 DE69910248D1 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 An absorbent article with channel
CN 99813709 CN1130181C (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorbent article having channel
EP19990972912 EP1135089B1 (en) 1998-11-30 1999-11-26 Absorbent article having channel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2000032147A1 true true WO2000032147A1 (en) 2000-06-08

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PCT/US1998/025327 WO2000032147A1 (en) 1998-11-30 1998-11-30 Absorbent article having channel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2000032147A1 (en)

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WO2002036059A1 (en) * 2000-10-30 2002-05-10 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbing product with channels in the absorption layer and a compressed area to improve absorption
US6605752B2 (en) 2000-10-30 2003-08-12 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent product with improved instantaneous liquid adsorption, and improved fit
USD646381S1 (en) 2008-10-17 2011-10-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printed absorbent pad
US9216117B2 (en) 2012-03-30 2015-12-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article with point fusion bonding
CN105530902A (en) * 2013-08-27 2016-04-27 宝洁公司 Absorbent articles with channels
EP3067028A4 (en) * 2013-11-05 2016-11-23 Daio Seishi Kk Absorbent article
EP3156018A4 (en) * 2014-06-13 2017-07-12 Daio Paper Corporation Absorbing article

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WO2002036059A1 (en) * 2000-10-30 2002-05-10 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbing product with channels in the absorption layer and a compressed area to improve absorption
US6605752B2 (en) 2000-10-30 2003-08-12 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent product with improved instantaneous liquid adsorption, and improved fit
USD646381S1 (en) 2008-10-17 2011-10-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printed absorbent pad
US9216117B2 (en) 2012-03-30 2015-12-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article with point fusion bonding
CN105530902A (en) * 2013-08-27 2016-04-27 宝洁公司 Absorbent articles with channels
EP3067028A4 (en) * 2013-11-05 2016-11-23 Daio Seishi Kk Absorbent article
EP3156018A4 (en) * 2014-06-13 2017-07-12 Daio Paper Corporation Absorbing article

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