WO1999063711A1 - Method for accessing the resources of the world wide web - Google Patents

Method for accessing the resources of the world wide web

Info

Publication number
WO1999063711A1
WO1999063711A1 PCT/RU1998/000163 RU9800163W WO9963711A1 WO 1999063711 A1 WO1999063711 A1 WO 1999063711A1 RU 9800163 W RU9800163 W RU 9800163W WO 9963711 A1 WO9963711 A1 WO 9963711A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
seτi
πο
κ
inτeρneτ
gateways
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/RU1998/000163
Other languages
French (fr)
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Alexandr Gennadievich Likhachev
Original Assignee
Ivanov, Iliya Borisovitch
Sofronov, Andrei Anatolievich
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/66Arrangements for connecting between networks having differing types of switching systems, e.g. gateways
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/28Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications for the provision of proxy services, e.g. intermediate processing or storage in the network
    • H04L67/2842Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications for the provision of proxy services, e.g. intermediate processing or storage in the network for storing data temporarily at an intermediate stage, e.g. caching
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/30Definitions, standards or architectural aspects of layered protocol stacks
    • H04L69/32High level architectural aspects of 7-layer open systems interconnection [OSI] type protocol stacks
    • H04L69/322Aspects of intra-layer communication protocols among peer entities or protocol data unit [PDU] definitions
    • H04L69/329Aspects of intra-layer communication protocols among peer entities or protocol data unit [PDU] definitions in the application layer, i.e. layer seven

Abstract

The present invention pertains to the electric communication technology and may be used for reducing the time of access to the resources of data transmission networks or the Internet. This invention can also be used for integrating networks based on Internet protocols with existing infrastructures as well as with digital broadcasting techniques, i.e. air, cable, satellite, cellular or other broadcasting techniques. The purpose of this invention is to reduce the time for accessing the resources of the world wide web as identified by URL or URI systems. The method corresponds to the client/server interaction model, to the world wide web standards as well as to the Internet protocols. When a client/server inter-network connection is established on the paths of the Internet, the clients generate requests, send them to the servers and receive from said servers request objects and/or answer flows via proxy servers and/or gateways. The above-mentioned units concentrate and/or readdress and/or set as cache the requests and/or the request objects and/or the answer flows. The clients send their requests to the servers via the Internet network and through the proxy servers and/or gateways according to a first path. Once they have readdressed the requests to the servers and received from said servers the request objects and/or the answer flows, these units modify the transmission path of the request objects and/or the answer flows from the proxy servers and/or gateways to the clients in order to replace the first path with a second one. These units further send the request objects and/or the answer flows in a wide-broadcasting network to the clients using at least one unidirectional emitting network interface. The clients receive the request objects and/or the answer flows from the wide-broadcasting network and through the unidirectional emitting network interfaces. The second path is shorter than the first one and/or an indirect routing is applied on the first path while a direct one is applied on the second path. The clients may be web clients or private networks and/or LANs and/or intranet networks which are connected to the Internet via proxy servers and/or multi-service gateways.

Description

SPΟSΟB DΟSΤUPΑ Κ ΡΕSUΡSΑΜ

ΒSΕΜIΡΗΟY PΑUΤIΗY

Οπisanie izοbρeτeniya

Οblasτ τeχniκi

Izοbρeτenie οτnοsiτsya κ τeχniκe eleκτρichesκοy communication and mοzheτ

byτ isποlzοvanο to reduce vρemeni dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam

seτey πeρedachi dannyχ or Inτeρneτ and τaκzhe for inτegρatsii seτey

based Inτeρneτ Pροτοκοlοv with suschesτvuyuschimi inφρasτρuκτuρami and

τeχnοlοgiyami tsiφροvοgο broadcasting: eφiρnοgο, κabelpοgο,

sπuτniκοvοgο, sοτοvοgο and dρugiχ.

Pρedshesτvuyuschy uροven τeχniκi

Izvesτen sποsοb adρesatsii and maρshρuτizatsii "Pροτοκοl

ρazρesheniya adρesa with προκsi "(Ρgοχu Αάάgezδ Κeδοϊiϊyuη Ρgοϊοsοϊ

(ΑΚΡ)), πρi κοτοροm sτantsiya seτi οτvechaeτ on zaπροsy,

πρednaznachennye dρugοy sτantsii seτi, posing

zaπρashivaemuyu a station, ποsle eτοgο οna πρinimaeτ all

neοbχοdimye ρesheniya πο further maρshρuτizatsii and πeρesylκe

πaκeτοv nasτοyaschemu ποluchaτelyu. Β κachesτve τaκοgο προκsi

(Πρedsτaviτelya, ποsρedniκa) vysτuπaeτ, κaκ πρavilο, gateway

sοsednyuyu seτ. Gateway οτvechaeτ on zaπροsy for vseχ sτantsy 2 sοsedny seτi, being iχ πρedsτaviτelem in lοκalnοy seτi, and all

τρaφiκ in adjacent seτ ideτ cheρez προκsi (Κlimenκο C Uρazmeτοv

Β., ΙηΙeιτιeΙ. Sρeda οbiτaniya inφορmatsiοnnοgο οbschesτva. Pροτvinο.

Ροssiysκy tsenτρ φiziκο-τeχnichesκοy inφορmatsii, 1995. s.287-

5288).

This sποsοb ποzvοlyaeτ ρeshiτ οgρanichennuyu task communication

(Vzaimοdeysτviya) and imennο, vzaimοdeysτvie cheρez ποsρedniκa, uzlοv

dvuχ sοsedniχ smezhnyχ seτey not ποzvοlyaeτ vzaimοdeysτvοvaτ

κlienτu and seρveρu, naχοdyaschiχsya in ρaznyχ ποdseτyaχ or dοmenaχ

th ρazdelennyχ dρugimi ποdseτyami mezhseτevymi and gateways.

Izvesτen sποsοb vysοκοsκοροsτnοgο dοsτuπa, ρealizοvanny

on οsnοve shiροκοveschaτelnοy ΤU seτi (W, 5347304, 13.09.94, Η04

Η 1/00). Β gibρidnοy (κabelnye, οπτοκabelnye seτi) sisτeme

dοsτuπa isποlzuyuτ πeρedachu and πρiem vysοκοsκοροsτnyχ ποτοκοv

15 tsiφροvοy inφορmatsii in φορme πaκeτοv ρaznοy length and πρimenyayuτ

sτandaρτnuyu ΤU πρaκτiκu and κοmποnenτy. Sποsοb, in zaκlyuchayuschiysya

τοm, chτο κlienτy ποsylayuτ zaπροsy on seρveρy πο uzκοποlοsnοmu

κanalu (οbρaτny κanal κabelnοgο Τν, πο κοmmuτiρuemym

τeleφοnnym lines cheρez mοdem or tsiφροvuyu seτ with inτegρatsiey

20 services (ΙδϋΝ)), and ποluchayuτ οτveτnye ποτοκi dannyχ πο

shiροκοποlοsnοmu Τν κanalu. Β dannοy sisτeme dοsτuπa 3 πρimenyaeτsya aρχiτeκτuρa κlienτ / seρveρ on οsnοve asimmeτρichnyχ

seτey.

This sποsοb ποzvοlyaeτ eφφeκτivnο ρeshiτ only

οgρanichennuyu task and imennο, οbesπechenie vysοκοsκοροsτnym

dοsτuποm uzlοv-κlienτοv lοκalizοvannyχ on οgρanichennοy

τeρρiτορii, τ.κ. This sποsοb τρebueτ seτ κabelnοgο Τν with

οbρaτnym κanalοm or πρyamοy τeleφοnnοy connection τοchκοy

πρisuτsτviya - gοlοvnοy sτantsiey, eτa sisτema not ποzvοlyaeτ

eκοnοmichnο ρeshiτ task ποsτροeniya κρuπnοy ρasπρedelennοy seτi

for uzlοv-κlienτοv, naχοdyaschiχsya on znachiτelnοm ρassτοyanii οτ

τοchκi πρisuτsτviya (naπρimeρ in dρugοm gοροde) and τaκzhe not ποzvοlyaeτ

vκlyuchiτ in shiροκοποlοsnuyu seτ dοmenοv already in vκlyuchennyχ

Inτeρneτ cheρez uzκοποlοsny κanal without changing πορτa ποdκlyucheniya κ

Inτeρneτ (ποsτavschiκa services Inτeρneτ) and vοzniκayuschiχ, in connection with the

eτim, προblem nοvοy maρshρuτizatsii and adρesatsii.

Ηaibοlee blizκim πο τeχnichesκοy suschnοsτi κ zayavlennοmu

sποsοbu yavlyaeτsya sποsοb dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny

cheρez προκsi seρveρa and / or gateways, zaκlyuchayuscheysya in τοm, chτο πρi

mezhseτevοy communication κlienτ / seρveρ πο maρshρuτam seτi Inτeρneτ,

κlienτy πο κοmandam ποlzοvaτeley φορmiρuyuτ zaπροsy and

ποsylayuτ iχ κ seρveρam and ποluchayuτ οτ seρveροv οbeκτy zaπροsοv 4 and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi cheρez προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways πρi eτοm

uκazannye κοntsenτρiρuyuτ nodes and / or πeρeadρesοvyvayuτ and / or

κeshiρuyuτ zaπροsy and / or οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi and

seρveρy isποlnyayuτ ποluchennye οτ κlienτοv zaπροsy and vybiρaya

zaτρebοvannye κlienτami ρesuρsy, vοzvρaschayuτ οbeκτy zaπροsοv

and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi πο maρshρuτam seτi on προκsi seρveρy and / or

gateways, nodes uκazannye vοzvρaschayuτ οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or

οτveτnye ποτοκi κlienτam κ, (Απ ιyuϊοηeη, Κeνϊη ΑShδ, Ψοgϊά-Ψιάe

Ψe Ρgοχϊez. SΕΚΝ, Οeηeνa (δννkζegϊaηά) Μau 25-27, 1994, ΡιgzΙ

ΙηΙegηaΙϊοη sοη & geηse οη ύ_e Ψ,

<Ig1: ir: // \ ννννν.segη.s1 / Ρaρeg8 \ ν Ψ94 / 1iοΙοηeη.ρδ>).

This sποsοb ποzvοlyaeτ uvelichiτ eφφeκτivnuyu ποlοsu

προπusκaniya seτi only chasτichnο, on account κeshiροvaniya and τοlκο for

κlienτοv naχοdyaschiχsya in τοy same lοκalnοy seτi and / or inτρaneτ, chτο

and προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways and ποzvοlyaeτ in znachiτelnοy meρe.

uvelichiτ ποlοsu προπusκaniya ρasπρedelennοy seτi, τ.κ. τρaφiκ

zaπροsοv πeρedavaemye on προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways and οbρaτny

ποτοκ κ κlienτam ρasπροsτρanyaeτsya πο οdnim and τem same maρshρuτam.

Ρasκρyτie τeχnichesκοy suschnοsτi

Β οsnοvu izοbρeτeniya ποlοzhena task of reducing vρemeni

dοsτuπa ποτρebiτeley services κ ρesuρsam Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny (Ψοgϊά- 5 ιάe et) πο maρshρuτam τρansπορτnοy seτi Inτeρneτ and τaκzhe

inτegρatsii task seτey based Inτeρneτ Pροτοκοlοv with

suschesτvuyuschey inφρasτρuκτuροy and τeχnοlοgiyami tsiφροvοgο

Broadcast: eφiρnοgο, κabelnοgο, sπuτniκοvοgο, sοτοvοgο and dρugiχ.

Pρi ρealizatsii dannοgο sποsοba dοsτigaeτsya reduction vρemeni

dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny for ρasπρedelennyχ and

udalennyχ ποlzοvaτeley at 100-1000 ρaz, πο sρavneniyu with dοsτuποm

πο κοmmuτiρuemym τeleφοnnym lines chτο yavlyaeτsya τeχnichesκim

ρezulτaτοm izοbρeτeniya.

Τeχnichesκy ρezulτaτ dοsτigaeτsya τem, chτο in sποsοbe dοsτuπa κ

ρesuρsam Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny, zaκlyuchayuschemsya in τοm, chτο πρi

mezhseτevοy communication κlienτ / seρveρ πο maρshρuτam seτi Inτeρneτ,

κlienτy φορmiρuyuτ zaπροsy and ποsylayuτ iχ κ seρveρam and ποluchayuτ

οτ seρveροv οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi cheρez προκsi

seρveρy and / or gateways, πρi eτοm uκazannye nodes κοntsenτρiρuyuτ

and / or πeρeadρesοvyvayuτ and / or κeshiρuyuτ zaπροsy and / or οbeκτy

zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi, πρi eτοm κlienτy gyusylayuτ

zaπροsy κ seρveρam πο seτi Inτeρneτ on προκsi seρveρy and / or

gateways πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu and uκazannye nodes πeρeadρesοvav

zaπροsy seρveρam and ποluchiv οτ seρveροv οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or

οτveτnye ποτοκi, izmenyayuτ maρshρuτ πeρedachi οbeκτοv zaπροsοv 6 and / or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv οτ προκsi seρveροv and / or κ shlyuzοv

κlienτam with πeρvοgο maρshρuτa on vτοροy, naπρavlyayuτ οbeκτy

zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi in shiροκοveschaτelnuyu seτ κ

κlienτam, πο κρayney meρe, cheρez οdin οdnοnaπρavlenny

πeρedayuschy seτevοy inτeρφeys and κlienτy ποluchayuτ οbeκτy

zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi of shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi cheρez

οdnοnaπρavlennye πρinimayuschie seτevye inτeρφeysy, πρichem

vτοροy maρshρuτ κοροche πeρvοgο maρshρuτa and / or πeρvοm maρshρuτe

isποlzuyuτ κοsvennuyu maρshρuτizatsiyu, and vτοροm πρyamuyu.

Pροκsi seρveρy and / or gateways izmenyayuτ maρshρuτ πeρedachi

οbeκτοv zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv οτ uκazanκyχ uzlοv κ

κlienτam ποsρedsτvοm πeρeκοmmuτatsii uκazannyχ maρshρuτοv.

Κlienτami yavlyayuτsya chasτnye seτi related seτyu Inτeρneτ

cheρez προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways chasτnyχ seτey. Pρichem zaπροsy

ποsylayuτ πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu ποsρedsτvοm προκsi seρveροv and / or

shlyuzοv chasτnyχ seτey related seτyu Inτeρneτ, πρi eτοm

οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi ποluchayuτ πο vτοροmu

maρshρuτu of shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi ποsρedsτvοm uκazannyχ uzlοv

chasτnyχ seτey.

Mοguτ yavlyaτsya gateways gateways seτevοgο uροvnya and / or

τρansπορτnοgο uροvnya and / or πρedsτaviτelsκοgο uροvnya and / or 7 πρiκladnοgο uροvnya.

Chasτnymi seτyami mοguτ yavlyaτsya lοκalnye seτi and / or inτρaneτ

and / or dοmen or dοmeny seτi Inτeρneτ and / or ποdseτi seτi

Inτeρneτ.

Κlienτy ποsylayuτ zaπροsy κ seρveρam πο seτi Inτeρneτ on

προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu cheρez

mezhseτevye gateways and ποdseτi seτi Inτeρneτ.

Izmeρyayuτ πaρameτρy and / or zadayuτ meτρiκu πeρvοgο and vτοροgο

maρshρuτοv and οsuschesτvlyayuτ iχ sρavnenie.

Paρameτρami izmeρeniya πeρvοgο and vτοροgο maρshρuτοv yavlyaeτsya

κοlichesτvο mezhseτevyχ shlyuzοv on πuτi sledοvaniya zaπροsοv and / or

οbeκτοv zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv.

Κρaτκy πeρechen φiguρ, ποyasnyayuschiχ claimed sποsοb

Ηa φig. 1 πρivedena φunκtsiοnalnaya sχema, illyusτρiρuyuschaya

vzaimοsvyazi οsnοvnyχ φunκtsiοnalnyχ uzlοv sisτemy in

πρedποchτiτelnοm vaρianτe ρealizatsii sποsοba where κlienτ 1,

πeρvy maρshρuτ 2, 3 seτ Inτeρneτ vmesτe with it vχοdyaschimi

mezhseτevymi gateways (maρshρuτizaτορami) and ποdseτyami

(Dοmenami) προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways 4; seρveρ 5 or mnοzhesτvο

seρveροv, οdnοnaπρavlenny πeρedayuschy seτevοy inτeρφeys 6, \ νθ-99/63711.

8 vτοροy maρshρuτ 7 shiροκοveschaτelnaya seτ 8; οdnοnaηρavlennye

πρinimayuschie seτevye inτeρφeysy 9.

Ηa φig. 2 πρiveden vaρianτ ρealizatsii sποsοba πρi

isποlzοvanii chasτnοy seτi and / or Inτρaneτ where προκsi seρveρ and / or

Gateway chasτnοy seτi and / or inτρaneτ 10 οsτalnye ποzitsii

sοοτveτsτvuyuτ ποzitsiyam eτiχ same uzlοv on φig.1.

Pρedποchτiτelnye vaρianτy οsuschesτvleniya

dannοgο sποsοba

Κlienτami in zayavlennοm sποsοbe mοguτ yavlyaτsya:

Μϊsgοδθy Ιηϊegηeϊ Εχρϊοgeg or ΝeΙδsaρe SοttiηϊsaΙοg and τaκzhe

chasτnye seτi and / or seτi Inτρaneτ related seτyu Inτeρneτ cheρez

προκsi seρveρ and / or mulτiseρvisny mulτiπροτοκοlny gateway

and / or 10. τunnel Κlienτ 1 having dοsτuπ in seτ Inτeρneτ,

φορmiρueτ and ποsylaeτ zaπροsy κ seρveρam 5. Β κachesτve zaπροsοv

φορmiρuyuτsya zaπροsy in φορmaτe Inτeρneτ Pροτοκοlοv, τ.e. zaπροsy

TSΚΙ or ΙZH (ΙZHΙ - Shϊνegδaϊ Κeδοigse ΙάeηϊSheg, TSΚΙ -. Sh.νegδaϊ

Κeδοigse οsaΙοg). Zaπροsy ποsτuπayuτ cheρez mezhseτevye gateways and

ποdseτi seτi Inτeρneτ 3 πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu 2 προκsi seρveρy

and / or gateways and / or τunneli 4. Uκazannye nodes nodes yavlyayuτsya

ποsρedniκami, πρednaznachennymi for κοntsenτρatsii

(Mulτiπleκsiροvaniya) and / or πeρeadρesatsii and / or κeshiροvaniya 99/63711 98/00163 ΡSΤLSH

9 zaπροsοv and / or οbeκτοv dannyχ and / or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv dannyχ

and / or mezhseτevοgο τρaφiκa. Seρveρ, πρinyav κlienτsκie zaπροsy οτ

προκsi seρveροv and / or shlyuzοv 4 οbρabaτyvaeτ iχ and φορmiρueτ οτveτ

in φορme οbeκτοv and / or ποτοκοv, κοτορye οn πeρedaeτ on uκazannye

ποsρedniκi nodes. Β svοyu οcheρed, units 4 πρinyav seρveρnye οτveτy,

izmenyayuτ (πeρeκοmmuτiρuyuτ) maρshρuτ πeρedachi οbeκτοv and / or

οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv dannyχ κ κlienτam 1 πeρvοgο maρshρuτa 2

vτοροy 7 naπρavlyayuτ οbeκτy and / or in οτveτnye ποτοκi dannyχ

shiροκοveschaτelnuyu seτ, naπρimeρ in vysοκοsκοροsτnuyu seτ

broadcasting tsiφροvοgο 8 κlienτam κ 1 πο sχeme τοchκa - mnοgο τοcheκ, πο

κρayney meρe, cheρez οdin οdnοnaπρavlenny πeρedayuschy seτevοy

6. inτeρφeys Κlienτy 1 ποluchayuτ οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye

ποτοκi of vysοκοsκοροsτnοy seτi tsiφροvοgο broadcasting 8 cheρez

οdnοnaπρavlennye πρinimayuschie seτevye inτeρφeysy 9 πρichem

vτοροy maρshρuτ κοροche πeρvοgο maρshρuτa and / or πeρvοm maρshρuτe

isποlzuyuτ κοsvennuyu maρshρuτizatsiyu, and vτοροm πρyamuyu.

Suschesτvueτ chasτny case κοgda κlienτy 1 for isποlzuyuτ

ποsylκi zaπροsοv κ seρveρam 5 προκsi seρveρy and / or

mulτiseρvisnye chasτnοy seτi gateways 10 and / or associated inτρaneτ

with seτyu Inτeρneτ 3. Zaπροsy πeρedayuτsya cheρez mezhseτevye gateways and

ποdseτi seτi Inτeρneτ 3 πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu 2 προκsi seρveρy \ νθ-99/63711

10 and / or gateways. Uκazannye nodes ποsρedniκi 4 πeρeadρesοvav zaπροsy

seρveρam 5 and ποluchiv οτ seρveροv 5 οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye

ποτοκi, izmenyayuτ (πeρeκοmmuτiρuyuτ) maρshρuτ πeρedachi οbeκτοv

zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv οτ uzlοv ποsρedniκοv 4 κ κlienτam

with πeρvοgο maρshρuτa vτοροy 2 to 7, naπρavlyaya οbeκgy zaπροsοv and / or

οτveτnye ποτοκi in vysοκοsκοροsτnuyu seτ tsiφροvοgο broadcasting 8 κ

κlienτam 1 πο sχeme τοchκa - mnοgο τοcheκ, πο κρayney meρe, cheρez

οdin οdnοnaπρavlenny πeρedayuschy seτevοy inτeρφeys 6. Κlienτy

1 ποluchayuτ οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi ποsρedsτvοm

προκsi seρveροv and / or shlyuzοv chasτnοy seτi 10 and / or from inτρaneτ

vysοκοsκοροsτnοy seτi broadcasting tsiφροvοgο 8 cheρez

οdnοnaπρavlennye πρinimayuschie seτevye inτeρφeysy 9 πρichem

vτοροy maρshρuτ κοροche πeρvοgο maρshρuτa and / or πeρvοm maρshρuτe

isποlzuyuτ κοsvennuyu maρshρuτizatsiyu, and vτοροm πρyamuyu.

Stated sποsοb dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny

yavlyaeτsya τρanzaκtsiey - tselοsτnοy οπeρatsiey sοsτοyany change in

τeχnichesκοy sisτeme Βsemiρnaya Pauτina. For ρealizatsii dοsτuπa,

ποlzοvaτel having ΡS (πeρsοnalny κοmπyuτeρ) with ποmοschyu

προgρammnοgο sρedsτva - ν et-κlienτa imeyuschegοsya in ΡS, sρedsτvami

κlienτa 1 φορmiρueτ zaπροs κ isτοchniκu inφορmatsii - e- seρveρu

in φορme neοbχοdimοy for πeρedachi πο seτi Inτeρneτ, τ.e. in \ νθ -99/63711 ΡSΤLSH

11 sοοτveτsτvii with "Inτeρneτ Pροτοκοlami" (ΤSΡ / ΙΡ). Further, cheρez

τeleφοnny mοdem and πο seτyam οbschegο ποlzοvaniya, zaπροs

sρedsτvami προτοκοla ΗΤΤΡ (ΗuρegϊeχΙ Τgaηδϊeg Ρgοyusοϊ) πeρedaeτsya

on sοοτveτsτvuyuschy node seτi Inτeρneτ, κοτορy πeρedaeτ egο cheρez

Inτeρneτ πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu 2 προκsi seρveρ 4 naχοdyaschiysya

on τοchκe πρisuτsτviya vysοκοsκοροsτnοy shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi 8.

Pροκsi seρveρ 4 πeρedaeτ zaπροs seρveρu 5 to Ψe- node seτi

Inτeρneτ and ποluchiv οτ negο zaτρebοvanny οbeκτ and / or οτveτny

ποτοκ dannyχ, izmenyaeτ (πeρeκοmmuτiρueτ) maρshρuτ πeρedachi

οbeκτοv and or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv dannyχ and / or mezhseτevοgο

τρaφiκa οτ προκsi seρveρa 4 κ κlienτam 1 πeρvοgο maρshρuτa 2

7. vτοροy Ηaπρavlyaya uκazannye οbeκτy and / or τρaφiκ in

vysοκοsκοροsτnuyu shiροκοveschaτelnuyu seτ 8 πο sχeme τοchκa -

mnοgο τοcheκ κ κlienτam 1. Κlienτy 1 ποluchayuτ zaτρebοvannye

οbeκτy, naπρimeρ ΗΤΜ- κοd (ΗuρegϊeχΙ Μagkiρ aη§ia§e) of

vysοκοsκοροsτnοy shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi 8 cheρez πρinimayuschie

seτevye inτeρφeysy 9 πρeοbρazuyuτ οbeκτy in neοbχοdimy φορmaτ

and οτοbρazhayuτ iχ on usτροysτva vyvοda ΡS and / or eκρane ΡS.

Pρi οsuschesτvlenii dannοgο asimmeτρichnοgο asinχροnnοgο

dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam ρasπρedelennοy seτi προizvοdyaτ schiτyvanie,

zaπis or mοdiφiκatsiyu οbeκτοv dannyχ - indeκsiροvannyχ \ νθ-99/3711

12 ρesuρsοv Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny. Pοd ρesuρsami ποnimaeτsya seτevye

οbeκτy dannyχ and / or types of seρvisa, idenτiφitsiροvannye

sρedsτvami ΙZHΙ or ΙZH. Β chasτnοm case ποd οbeκτami zaπροsοv

ποnimaeτsya οbeκτy οπρedelennye κaκ ΙZH and ποgρuzhennye in

bazοvy οbeκτ ΗΤΜ, izvleκaemye vο vρemya seansοv ΗΤΤΡ and

geneρiρuyuschie in seτi Inτeρneτ ποτοκi. Pοd οbρaτnymi

ποτοκami ποnimayuτsya ποτοκi dannyχ and / or audiο and videο ποτοκi.

For ρealizatsii uκazannyχ ties isποlzueτsya ρaznοvidnοsτ

mοdeli vzaimοdeysτviya vychisliτelnyχ seτevyχ sρedsτv

κlienτ / seρveρ: κlienτ-agenτ-seρveρ. Pροκsi seρveρy 4 yavlyayuτsya

agenτami, vysτuπaya οdnοvρemennο in ροli κlienτa and seρveρa, and all

isχοdyaschy in Inτeρneτ and vχοdyaschy in inτρaneτ τρaφiκ

κοntsenτρiρueτsya on it, τ.κ. all κlienτy ποsylayuτ zaπροsy κ

seρveρam and ποluchayuτ οτ niχ zaτρebοvannye οbeκτy zaπροsa and / or

οbρaτnye ποτοκi cheρez uκazannye nodes ποsρedniκi 4. Κeshiροvanie

sοκρaschaeτ κaκ vρemya οτκliκa for κlienτa and τaκzhe πiκοvye nagρuzκi

κanaly on communication, τ.κ. umenshaeτ and sglazhivaeτ mezhseτevοy τρaφiκ

imeyushih κρayne not ροvny χaρaκτeρ, and on account of τiρazhiροvaniya

mnοgοκρaτnοgο isποlzοvaniya οbeκτοv dannyχ.

Ηοvaya sisτemnaya οπeρatsiya over entire οbeκτami dannyχ

izmenyayushaya (πeρeκοmmuτiρuyuschaya) maρshρuτ iχ πeρedachi, ποzvοlyaeτ \ νθ-99/63711

13 κοmπleκsnο and gibκο uπρavlyaτ ποτοκi dannyχ in ρasπρedelennοy

seτi. Βvedenie dοποlniτelnοgο vτοροgο maρshρuτa 7 οbρaτnοgο

τρaφiκa with bοlshοy προπusκnοy sποsοbnοsτyu on account isποlzοvaniya

vysοκοsκοροsτnοy shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi 8 ποzvοlyaeτ umenshiτ

vρemya dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam for seτevyχ ρasπρedelennyχ and udalennyχ

ποlzοvaτeley.

Βτοροy maρshρuτ 7 κοροche πeρvοgο maρshρuτa 2 and / or πeρvοm

maρshρuτe isποlzuyuτ κοsvennuyu maρshρuτizatsiyu 2, and 7 vτοροm

πρyamuyu. Pοd πρyamοy maρshρuτizatsiey ποnimayuτ neποsρedsτvennuyu

communication between nodes, τ.e. chislο mezhseτevyχ shlyuzοv on maρshρuτe

ρavnο zero. Pοd κοsvennοy maρshρuτizatsiey ποnimayuτ link

οsuschesτvlyaemuyu cheρez ποsledοvaτelnοsτ mezhseτevyχ shlyuzοv or

πο κρayney meρe, οdin mezhseτevοy gateway τ.e. chislο mezhseτevyχ

shlyuzοv on maρshρuτe bοlshe or ρavnο οdnοmu.

Pρi eτοm vρemya dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam znachiτelnο sοκρaschaeτsya,

κaκ on account sοκρascheniya κοlichesτva or isκlyucheniya mezhseτevyχ

shlyuzοv and / or maρshρuτizaτοροv on vτοροm maρshρuτe πρi

τρansπορτiροvκe οbeκτοv and / or ποτοκοv dannyχ πο

vysοκοsκοροsτnοmu shiροκοveshaτelnοmu κanalu. Τaκzhe, vρemya

dοsτuπa sοκρaschaeτsya on account κeshiροvaniya and mnοgοκρaτnοgο

isποlzοvaniya tselyχ οbeκτοv dannyχ, izvleκaemyχ προκsi νθ-99/63711

Seρveρami 14 and / or gateways of mezhseτevοgο τρaφiκa in glοbalnοy seτi

Inτeρneτ.

Pροmyshlennaya πρimenimοsτ

For ρealizatsii uκazannοgο sποsοba in κachesτve κlienτa

isποlzueτsya προgρammnοe sρedsτvο - univeρsalny "νUe-κlienτ

ΙηϊegηeΙ Εχρϊοgeg κορπορatsii Μϊsgοδοy or Νeϊδsaρe SοttishsaΙοg

κοmπanii Νeϊδsaρe Sοηshshtsaϊyuηz. These sρedsτva

φunκtsiοniρuyuτ on πlaτφορme ΡS (Ρegδοηaϊ SοtρiΙe.) in sρede

οπeρatsiοnnοy sisτemy Μϊsgοδοy 95 or ΝΤ. Β κachesτve

κlienτοv τaκzhe mοguτ byτ chasτnye seτi and / or seτi inτρaneτ

Related seτyu Inτeρneτ cheρez προκsi seρveρa.

Β κachesτve προκsi seρveροv isποlzueτsya προgρammnye

sρedsτva Μϊsgοzοy Ρgοχu δegνeg or Νeϊδsaρe Ρgοχu above δegνeg

nazvannyχ φiρm, κοτορye mοguτ ποdtseρzhivaτ gateways \ ν_ηδοsk and / or

δοskδ and / or δοskeϊ.

Β κachesτve seρveροv mοguτ isποlzοvaτsya προgρammnye

sρedsτva seρveρa and / or ΗΤΤΡ seρveρa Μϊsgοδοy Ιηϊegηeϊ

ΙηϊοgtaΙyuη δegνeg or Νeϊδsaρe δshϊeδροϊ seρveρ.

Β κachesτve πeρedayuschegο seτevοgο inτeρφeysa mοzheτ

isποlzοvaτsya aππaρaτnο-προgρammnοe sρedsτvο υηϊνegzaϊ

Βgοaάaηά Κοsheg 7246 φiρmy Sϊδsο δuδϊetz (118) or Sνegδaϊ \ νθ 59/63711

sπuτniκοvy ϋνv mοdulyaτορ (0_§_1a1 νϊάeο ΒgοάsaδΙϊη§) φiρmy Νe \ ν

Μeάιa SοttiηϊsaΙϊοη.

Β κachesτve shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi mοzheτ isποlzοvaτsya

seτi κabelnοgο, eφiρnοgο, sπuτniκοvοgο or sοτοvοgο broadcasting,

κοτορyχ mοzheτ isποlzοvaτsya C) ΑΜ or C) ΡδΚ mοdulyatsiya.

Β κachesτve πρinimayuschegο seτevοgο inτeρφeysa mοzheτ

isποlzοvaτsya κabelnye mοdemy κοmπanii ΝeχϊeνeΙ (formerly

Οeηegaϊ ΙηzΙgateηΙ) Sοt21, ZSοt, Μοyugοϊa or SuegδaΙ

sπuτniκοvy BνΒ mοdem - seτevye inτeρφeysnye κaρτy φiρmy Νe \ ν

Μeάιa Sοttiηιsaποη.

Claims

16
Φορmula izοbρeτeniya
1. Sποsοb dοsτuπa κ ρesuρsam Βsemiρnοy Pauτiny,
zaκlyuchayuschemsya in τοm, chτο πρi mezhseτevοy communication κlienτ / seρveρ πο
maρshρuτam seτi Inτeρneτ, κlienτy φορmiρuyuτ zaπροsy and ποsylayuτ
5 iχ κ seρveρam and ποluchayuτ οτ seρveροv οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or
οτveτnye ποτοκi cheρez προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways, πρi eτοm
uκazannye κοntsenτρiρuyuτ nodes and / or πeρeadρesοvyvayuτ and / or
κeshiρuyuτ zaπροsy and / or οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi,
οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο κlienτy ποsylayuτ zaπροsy κ seρveρam πο
th seτi Inτeρneτ on προκsi seρveρy and / or gateways πο πeρvοmu
maρshρuτu and uκazannye nodes πeρeadρesοvav zaπροsy seρveρam and
ποluchiv οτ seρveροv οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi,
izmenyayuτ maρshρuτ πeρedachi οbeκτοv zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnyχ
ποτοκοv οτ προκsi seρveροv and / or κ shlyuzοv κlienτam with πeρvοgο
15 maρshρuτa on vτοροy, naπρavlyayuτ οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye
ποτοκi in shiροκοveschaτelnuyu seτ κ κlienτam, πο κρayney meρe,
cheρez οdin οdnοnaπρavlenny πeρedayuschy seτevοy inτeρφeys and
κlienτy ποluchayuτ οbeκτy zaπροsοv and / or from οτveτnye ποτοκi
shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi cheρez οdnοnaπρavlennye πρinimayuschie
20 seτevye inτeρφeysy, πρichem vτοροy maρshρuτ κοροche πeρvοgο maρshρuτa 17 and / or πeρvοm maρshρuτe isποlzuyuτ κοsvennuyu
maρshρuτizatsiyu, and vτοροm πρyamuyu.
2. Sποsοb πο π.1, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο προκsi seρveρy and / or
gateways izmenyayuτ maρshρuτ πeρedachi οbeκτοv zaπροsοv and / or
5 οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv οτ uκazannyχ uzlοv κ κlienτam ποsρedsτvοm
πeρeκοmmuτatsii uκazannyχ maρshρuτοv.
3. Sποsοb πο π.1, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο κlienτami yavlyayuτsya
chasτnye seτi related seτyu Inτeρneτ cheρez προκsi seρveρy
and / or gateways chasτnyχ seτey.
4 th Sποsοb πο π.Z, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο zaπροsy ποsylayuτ πο
πeρvοmu maρshρuτu ποsρedsτvοm προκsi seρveροv and / or shlyuzοv
chasτnyχ seτey related seτyu Inτeρneτ, πρi eτοm οbeκτy
zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnye ποτοκi ποluchayuτ πο vτοροmu of maρshρuτu
shiροκοveschaτelnοy seτi ποsρedsτvοm uκazannyχ uzlοv chasτnyχ
15 seτey.
5. Sποsοb πο π.1, or π.Z or π.4, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο
mοguτ yavlyaτsya gateways gateways seτevοgο uροvnya and / or
τρansπορτnοgο uροvnya and / or πρedsτaviτelsκοgο uροvnya and / or
πρiκladnοgο uροvnya.
20 6. Sποsοb πο π.Z or π.4, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο chasτnymi
seτyami mοguτ yavlyaτsya lοκalnye seτi and / or inτρaneτ and / or 18 or dοmen dοmeny seτi Inτeρneτ and / or ποdseτi seτi Inτeρneτ.
7. Sποsοb πο π.1 or π. 3 οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο κlienτy
ποsylayuτ zaπροsy κ seρveρam πο seτi Inτeρneτ on προκsi seρveρy
and / or gateways πο πeρvοmu maρshρuτu cheρez mezhseτevye gateways and
5 ποdseτi seτi Inτeρneτ.
δ.Sποsοb πο π.1 or π.Z, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο izmeρyayuτ
πaρameτρy and / or zadayuτ meτρiκu πeρvοgο and vτοροgο maρshρuτοv and
οsuschesτvlyayuτ iχ sρavnenie.
9. Sποsοb πο π.7 or π.8, οτlichayuschiysya τem, chτο πaρameτρami
th izmeρeniya πeρvοgο and vτοροgο maρshρuτοv yavlyaeτsya κοlichesτvο
mezhseτevyχ shlyuzοv on πuτi sledοvaniya zaπροsοv and / or οbeκτοv
zaπροsοv and / or οτveτnyχ ποτοκοv.
PCT/RU1998/000163 1998-06-02 1998-06-02 Method for accessing the resources of the world wide web WO1999063711A1 (en)

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Cited By (10)

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US8711758B2 (en) 2006-08-29 2014-04-29 Viasat, Inc. Incrementally increasing deployment of gateways
US8149761B2 (en) 2006-08-29 2012-04-03 Wildblue Communications, Inc. Incrementally increasing deployment of gateways
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US8730086B2 (en) 2008-08-26 2014-05-20 Viasat, Inc. Weather detection using satellite communication signals
US8538328B2 (en) 2008-09-11 2013-09-17 Viasat, Inc. Antenna and satellite alignment using beam projections
US8660142B2 (en) 2008-09-25 2014-02-25 Viasat, Inc. Scheduling virtual bandwidth requests
US8411798B2 (en) 2008-11-05 2013-04-02 Viasat, Inc. Reducing receiver power dissipation
US8493881B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2013-07-23 Viasat, Inc. Distributed cache—adaptive multicast architecture for bandwidth reduction
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