WO1999053715A1 - Method for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a v5 interface - Google Patents

Method for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a v5 interface

Info

Publication number
WO1999053715A1
WO1999053715A1 PCT/FI1999/000265 FI9900265W WO1999053715A1 WO 1999053715 A1 WO1999053715 A1 WO 1999053715A1 FI 9900265 W FI9900265 W FI 9900265W WO 1999053715 A1 WO1999053715 A1 WO 1999053715A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
interface
v5
up
v5 interface
defined
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI1999/000265
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jyrki Suutari
Toivo Lallukka
Arto RUKAJÄRVI
Original Assignee
Nokia Networks Oy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q11/00Selecting arrangements for multiplex systems
    • H04Q11/04Selecting arrangements for multiplex systems for time-division multiplexing
    • H04Q11/0428Integrated services digital network, i.e. systems for transmission of different types of digitised signals, e.g. speech, data, telecentral, television signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q3/00Selecting arrangements
    • H04Q3/0016Arrangements providing connection between exchanges
    • H04Q3/0025Provisions for signalling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13109Initializing, personal profile
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13166Fault prevention
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13167Redundant apparatus
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13176Common channel signaling, CCS7
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13204Protocols
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13209ISDN
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13292Time division multiplexing, TDM
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q2213/00Indexing scheme relating to selecting arrangements in general and for multiplex systems
    • H04Q2213/13349Network management

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a system for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a V5 interface established between a local exchange (LE) and an access node (AN). According to the invention, the switch-over of any signalling channels is prevented until the V5 interface has been completely started up. This ensures that, after the start-up of the V5 interface, both ends of the interface will be functioning in accordance with the same configuration setting.

Description

METHOD FOR ENSURING THE OPERATION OF SIGNALLING CHANNELS IN A v5 INTERFACE

The present invention relates to a method as described in the preamble of claim 1 and to a system as described in the preamble of claim 5 for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a V5 interface established between a local exchange and an access node during start-up of the interface.

Open interfaces (V5.1 and V5.2) between an access network or an access node and a local exchange are defined in the ETSI (European Telecommunications and Standards Institute) standards of the ETS 300 324 and ETS 300 347 series. V5 interfaces enable subscribers belonging to a physically separate access network to be connected to a telephone exchange using a standard interface. In the present: application, V5 interface expressly refers to a dynamic concentrator interface (V5.2) defined in the ETS 300 347 standard series. It consists of one or more (1 - 16) PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) lines. One PCM line comprises 32 channels, each of which with a transfer rate of 64 kbit/s, i.e. 2048 kbit/s altogether. The V5.2 interface supports analogue telephones as used in the public telephone network, digital, such as ISDN (Inte- grated Services Digital Network) basic rate and primary rate interfaces as well as other analogue or digital terminal equipment based on semi-fixed connections .

Certain time slots in the V5 interface form a channel called C-channel, which carries the protocols used to control the interface itself and the calls transmitted through it. The information transmitted in the C-channel, or in a 64 kbit/s time slot reserved for this purpose, may pertain to the V5 interface Con- trol protocol, Link control protocol, Protection pro- tocol or BCC protocol or it may consist of PSTN signalling or ISDN signalling.

According to the above-mentioned standards, a C-channel may be reserved for time slots 16, 15 and/or 31 in a PCM line or V5 interface link. Especially in the V5.2 interface, the system automatically creates C-channels for the critical protocols (Control, Link control, BCC and Protection). However, the operator can place PSTN signalling as desired, in the same channel with the critical protocols or in some other C-channel. In addition, the operator may allocate at most three signalling channels for use as so-called standby channels .

The standby channels are taken into use when a malfunction occurs in the link to which the channels have originally been allocated. In a V5.2 interface, which has more than one w Mbit/s links, the link whose physical C-channel in time slot 16 carries the Control, Link control, BCC and Protection protocols is defined as the primary link. Further, the link whose physical C-channel in time slot 16 carries only the Protection protocol is a secondary link. The configuration of the V5 interface is indicated by a Provision Variant parameter. The Provision Variant parameter is used in conjunction with the start-up of the interface to select a certain configuration, which defines the placement of the protocols described above, i.e. the channel used to carry each protocol in the V5 interface. Fig. 2 presents a signal flow diagram which exemplifies a certain problem associated with the start-up procedure of the V5 interface. During the start-up procedure, certain protocols are activated, whereupon the interface is in an Inservice condition. Fig. 2 illustrates the starting up of the protocols in sequence, the Protection protocol being the first protocol to be started up . The system- management program block instructs the Protection protocol program block to start up the Protection protocol. The other protocols are started up in the same way. Finally, the PSTN restart process is started. In a normal situation af- ter PSTN restart, the V5 interface is in the Inservice condition. However, as shown m Fig. 2, the PSTN restart process may be interrupted due to many reasons, which are known to the skilled person. Interruption of the restart process is represented by arrow A m Fig. 2. Similarly, due to a lightning or other disturbance occurring during the start-up of the interface, there may appear a short break in the ISDN channel, with the consequence that a switch-over of the ISDN channel is carried out. This is done because the Protection pro- tocol is already running and takes care of this protective action, which is part of its function. The switch-over is identified at both ends of the interface, so the original configuration indicated by the Provision variant parameter has changed. If the PSTN restart process is not completed at both ends of the interface, then that end at which the process is interrupted will activate the restart process. In conjunction with restart, the original configuration indicated by the Provision variant pa- rameter is also adopted, with the result that one end of the interface has a configuration with channel switch-over while the other end has the original configuration. Therefore, after the interface has been started up, no ISDN calls can be transmitted because the messages of the ISDN protocol are not passed through the V5 interface m consequence of crossed channels .

The standard does not define any mechanism for the detection of the above-described situation although this situation prevents the transmission of calls from ISDN subscribers who have been configured to use the ISDN signalling channel referred to. The object of the present invention is to eliminate the problem described above. A specific object of the present invention is to disclose a method and system for ensuring that the start-up of a V5 in- terface is correctly performed and that the situation in the interface after start-up is normal and correct even if there should be disturbances in the interface during start-up.

As for the features characteristic of the in- vention, reference is made to the claims.

In the method of the invention for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a V5 interface comprising at least two links between a local exchange and an access node during start-up of the interface, a faulty signalling channel is switched over from a first link to a second link. According to the invention, all standard switch-overs of signalling channels in Protection Group 2 are prevented until the V5 interface is in a normal operational condition. ^Signal- ling channel' in this context may refer to C-channels of Protection Group 2 and their switch-over, and the signalling channel may be an ISDN signalling channel or a PSTN signalling channel. The method ensures that, after start-up of the V5 interface, both ends of the interface are working in accordance with the same configuration setting and no conflicts arise.

As compared with prior art, the present invention provides the advantage of eliminating status conflicts between the ends of a V5 interface resulting from channel switch-overs occurring during start-up of the interface. Thanks to the invention, the V5 interface will function normally after a restart even if there should be problems during the first start-up.

If during start-up the part of the V5 inter- face at the local exchange or the part at the access node initiates a switch-over of ISDN or other signalling channels, then the part of the interface at the other end will prevent the switch-over or refuse to accept it if it thinks that it has not yet been started up into the normal operational condition.

The system of the invention for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in conjunction with the start-up of a V5 interface comprises a local exchange, an access node and a V5 interface disposed between the local exchange and the access node to connect them. The V5 interface comprises at least two links, allowing a faulty signalling channel to be switched over from a first link to a second link in accordance with the interface configuration settings. According to the invention, the system comprises means for preventing the switch-over of any signalling chan- nels until the V5 interface has been completely started up, thus ensuring that, after the start-up, both ends of the V5 interface will function in accordance with the same configuration settings originally defined. As stated above, 'signalling channel' may refer to any C-channel in Protection Group 2.

In a preferred embodiment, the system comprises means for monitoring the interface start-up phase . Such means are preferably provided at both ends of the interface, i.e. in the local exchange and in the access node, because either end may start a channel switch-over, which has to be prevented if the interface has not been completely started up.

In the following, the invention will be described by the aid of a preferred embodiment with ref- erence to the attached drawing, wherein

Fig. la - Id illustrate a potential conflict situation during start-up of a V5 interface; and Fig. 2 presents a signalling diagram. The figures present a diagrammatic illustra- tion of a system according to the invention, comprising a local exchange LE and an access node AN. Disposed between these is a V5 interface V5 , which com- prises at least two links LI and L2. In addition, both ends of the V5 interface V5 , i.e. both the local exchange LE and the access node are provided with means 1 for preventing the switch-over of any signalling channels and means 2 for monitoring the start-up of the interface.

Fig. la illustrates a normal original situation where link LI has been configured as an ISDN signalling channel. Link L2 is a standby channel to which the ISDN signalling channel can be switched over. Fig. lb represents a situation after a failure when a malfunction has occurred in link LI and the ISDN signalling channel is switched over to link L2.

If the interface is still in the start-up phase and the part of the interface at the local exchange LE has not yet been started up, then the situation is as presented in Fig. lc and Id. The access node AN thinks the channel configuration is such that ISDN signalling is carried by link L2 , Fig. lc . The local exchange LE thinks that the ISDN signalling channel is link LI, because the local exchange did not recognise the channel switch-over as it considered that the interface had not yet been completely started up, so, because of the failure, it has performed a restart in the original configuration.

The above-described situation can be effectively avoided by monitoring the start-up phase of the interface between the local exchange and the access node, using means 1, 2. In practice, the monitoring of the start-up of the interface and the switch-over of channels are implemented by issuing from the System management program block an instruction to the Protection protocol program block to disable the switch-over of any channels belonging to Protection Group 2 until both ends of the interface have been started up.

The invention is not restricted to the examples of its embodiments described above, but many variations are possible within the scope of the inventive idea defined in the claims

Claims

1. Method in a V5 interface established between a local exchange (LE) and an access node (AN) , said interface comprising at least two links (L) , for ensuring the operation of signalling channels during start-up of the V5 interface, in which method a faulty signalling channel is switched over from a first link (LI) to a second link (L2) , charac t eri sed in that the switch-over of any signalling channels is prevented until the V5 interface is in a normal operational condition, thus ensuring that, after the startup of the V5 interface, both ends of the interface will be functioning in accordance with the same configuration setting.
2. Method as defined in claim 1, char ac t er i s ed in that, if the part of the V5 interface at the local exchange (LE) or the part at the access node (AN) initiates a switch-over of ISDN signalling channels during start-up, then the part of the V5 interface at the other end will prevent the switchover if it thinks that it has not yet been started up.
3. Method as defined in claim 1 or 2, charac t eri sed in that the interface configuration parameter is the V5 interface Provision Variant parameter defined in the V5 specifications.
4. Method as defined in claim 3 , char ac t e ri sed in that in restarting the V5 interface the original Provision Variant parameter is used.
5. System for ensuring the operation of sig- nailing channels during start-up of a V5 interface, said system comprising a local exchange (LE) , an access node (AN) and a V5 interface disposed between the local ex- change and the access node to connect them and comprising at least two links (L) , in which system a faulty signalling channel is switched over from a first link (LI) to a second link (L2) , charac t eri sed in that the system comprises means (1) for preventing switch-over of any signalling channels until the V5 interface is in a normal operational con- dition, thus ensuring that, after the start-up of the V5 interface, both ends of the interface will be functioning in accordance with the same configuration setting.
6. System as defined in claim 5, char - ac t er i s ed in that the system comprises means (2) for monitoring the interface during the start-up phase, and if a switch-over of signalling channels is initiated during start-up by the part of the V5 interface at the local exchange (LE) or by the part at the access node (AN) , then, using the means for monitoring the start-up of the interface, channel switch-over at the other end of the V5 interface is prevented if it is not yet in a normal operational condition.
7. System as defined in claim 5 or 6, charact eri s ed in that the configuration parameter of the interface is the V5 interface Provision Variant parameter defined in the V5 specifications.
8. System as defined in claim 7, char ac t e ri sed in that, in restarting the V5 inter- face, the original Provision Variant parameter is used.
9. System as defined in any one of claims 5 - 8, charac t eri s ed in that the V5 interface is a V5.2 interface consistent with the ETS 300 347 stan- dard series.
PCT/FI1999/000265 1998-03-31 1999-03-30 Method for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a v5 interface WO1999053715A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI980729 1998-03-31
FI980729A FI105982B (en) 1998-03-31 1998-03-31 A method for ensuring the ISDN signaling channel function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19990913331 EP1068763A1 (en) 1998-03-31 1999-03-30 Method for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a v5 interface

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1999053715A1 true true WO1999053715A1 (en) 1999-10-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FI1999/000265 WO1999053715A1 (en) 1998-03-31 1999-03-30 Method for ensuring the operation of signalling channels in a v5 interface

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1068763A1 (en)
FI (1) FI105982B (en)
WO (1) WO1999053715A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000076226A1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2000-12-14 Nokia Corporation Method and system for reconfiguration of an interface
EP1460859A1 (en) * 2003-03-19 2004-09-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method, system and apparatus for managing signaling connections in a telecommunications network

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997016936A1 (en) * 1995-10-31 1997-05-09 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Arrangement and method relating to telecommunications networks
WO1997035404A1 (en) * 1996-03-19 1997-09-25 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Method and arrangement relating to the installation of a new subscriber in a telecomunications network
WO1997048224A1 (en) * 1996-06-13 1997-12-18 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Procedure and system for ensuring emergency communication
WO1998009448A1 (en) * 1996-08-30 1998-03-05 Digital Technics, Inc. Processing calls using a multilink interface protocol
WO1998041037A1 (en) * 1997-02-28 1998-09-17 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Procedure for ensuring the activation of a v5 interface

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997016936A1 (en) * 1995-10-31 1997-05-09 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Arrangement and method relating to telecommunications networks
WO1997035404A1 (en) * 1996-03-19 1997-09-25 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Method and arrangement relating to the installation of a new subscriber in a telecomunications network
WO1997048224A1 (en) * 1996-06-13 1997-12-18 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Procedure and system for ensuring emergency communication
WO1998009448A1 (en) * 1996-08-30 1998-03-05 Digital Technics, Inc. Processing calls using a multilink interface protocol
WO1998041037A1 (en) * 1997-02-28 1998-09-17 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Procedure for ensuring the activation of a v5 interface

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000076226A1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2000-12-14 Nokia Corporation Method and system for reconfiguration of an interface
US6647110B2 (en) 1999-06-02 2003-11-11 Nokia Corporation Method and system for reconfiguration of an interface
EP1460859A1 (en) * 2003-03-19 2004-09-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method, system and apparatus for managing signaling connections in a telecommunications network

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FI105982B (en) 2000-10-31 application
EP1068763A1 (en) 2001-01-17 application
FI105982B1 (en) grant
FI980729A (en) 1999-10-01 application
FI980729D0 (en) grant
FI980729A0 (en) 1998-03-31 application

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