WO1998027196A1 - Sample-collecting and assay device - Google Patents

Sample-collecting and assay device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1998027196A1
WO1998027196A1 PCT/GB1997/003458 GB9703458W WO9827196A1 WO 1998027196 A1 WO1998027196 A1 WO 1998027196A1 GB 9703458 W GB9703458 W GB 9703458W WO 9827196 A1 WO9827196 A1 WO 9827196A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
tube
bottom part
top part
liquid
device according
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/GB1997/003458
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Anthony Cooke
Ramin Pirzad
Original Assignee
Celsis International Plc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GBGB9626101.1A priority Critical patent/GB9626101D0/en
Priority to GB9626101.1 priority
Application filed by Celsis International Plc filed Critical Celsis International Plc
Publication of WO1998027196A1 publication Critical patent/WO1998027196A1/en
Priority claimed from AU15692/99A external-priority patent/AU1569299A/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/502Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N2001/028Sampling from a surface, swabbing, vaporising

Abstract

An assay device comprises a tube (1), a removable top part (3) and a bottom part (4), wherein an elongate member (6) with a swab (7) at its distal end is mounted on the top part, the top part includes a compartment (8) containing liquid and partly defined by a first frangible membrane (9) that can be ruptured to release the liquid into the tube, and the bottom part contains a reagent and is partly defined by a second frangible membrane that can be ruptured on movement of the bottom part relative to the tube. Reaction occurring in the bottom part can be observed through a window (10).

Description

SAMPLE-COLLECTING AND ASSAY DEVICE Field of the nvention

This invention relates to a sample-collecting and assay device, and in particular to a simple hygiene monitor. Background of the Invention

WO-A-9425619 describes reactions where metabolites such as ATP can be amplified and detected, e.g. colorimetrically. Application of this chemistry is of value in dirt monitoring or in the detection of microorganisms on a surface that are collected by swabbing. WO-A-9525948 discloses a sample-collecting and assay device comprising a tube, a removable top part and a bottom part, wherein an elongate member with a swab at its distal end is mounted on the top part. There may be one or more foil-sealed bottom parts fixed within the tube, and the foils are successively broken by movement of the swab, or a coaxially-extending blade-like member, through the tube. WO-A-9703209 discloses a similar device, in which reagent is contained in a bottom part with a window, and which has a seal broken by movement of the swab through the tube. Another similar device is disclosed in WO-A-9723596. Summary of the nvention

An assay device according to the present invention is for use in determining the presence in a liquid sample of a target component that, in combination with other components, undergoes a reaction to give a detectable signal. The novel device comprises a tube, a removable top part and a bottom part, wherein an elongate member with a swab at its distal end is mounted on the top part, the top part includes a compartment containing liquid and partly defined by a first frangible membrane that can be ruptured to release the liquid into the tube, and the bottom part contains a reagent and is partly defined by a second frangible membrane that can be ruptured on movement of the bottom part relative to the tube.

By means of the invention, direct analysis can be made, by observing the signal generated, in the bottom part. Although the novel device shares many characteristics with the prior art devices, described above, its particular advantages include the use of a syringe-like mechanism within the top dispenser, to ensure repeatable and reproducible dispensing of liquid reagent. Although the top part may be unitary or comprise a separate component containing reagent, the design of the top reagent container and its holder may be such that a single operation, depressing the container, ruptures the seal and evacuates the contents of the container down the swab shaft, ensuring accurate and reproducible dispensing of the liquid reagent with minimal dead volume and without introduction of any air, unlike a "pumping" dispensing system. Description of the nvention

A device of this invention is particularly suitable for determining the presence of microorganisms, in which case the target component is ATP. The invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to this embodiment. Further, again for the purpose of illustration, the invention will be described with reference to reactions of the type described in WO-A-9425619, i.e. involving enzymes and their substrates. These materials constitute the components that, in combination, undergo the reaction that gives the detectable signal. Such a reaction includes the following: AMP + ATP - ADP

ADP + G6P - ATP + G wherein G is glucose and G6P is glucose-6-phosphate. These reactions are catalysed by adenylate kinase and glucokinase. Glucose is then converted to give a colour, in a further enzymatic sequence, e.g. utilising glucose oxidase (GO) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP).

Alternatively, the analyte may be detected by bioluminescence. Suitable reagents etc. are described in WO-A-9525428.

The reaction components may be present together in the bottom part, in a freeze- dried mixture. In use of a device of the invention, a sample, e.g. of microorganisms obtained by swabbing, is provided and the reagents and liquid are mixed with them. Especially if the reaction generates a colour, comparison of that and a standard can be made readily, to give a quick indication of the concentration of the analyte in the sample.

The invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 A shows separate side views of a device embodying the invention, and Figure IB is a cross-section of the same embodiment, along the line A-A in Fig. 1 A; and Figure 2 is an exploded view of the embodiment shown in Fig. 1.

For simplicity, a device of the invention will be described with reference to Fig.

IB. The embodiment illustrated there comprises a tube 1 with a pen-type holder 2. A top part 3 and a bottom part 4 are each mounted on the tube and each can be pushed into close engagement with the tube. In the case of the top part, close engagement is prevented, until required, by the removable or peelable safety seal 5.

The top part 3 has mounted thereon a tubular elongate member 6 that terminates in a swab 7. The top part 3 also comprises a separate component 8 which is a compartment having a foil seal 9. On depression of this component, the foil seal is ruptured, and a known amount of liquid is discharged down the elongate member to the swab 7, within the tube 1.

The bottom part 4 is in the form of a foil-sealed cuvette including a window 10. It may contain freeze-dried reagent(s). The foil is broken by pushing the part 4 inwardly with respect to the tube 1. The foil may be broken on the swab or on an angled blade- like member 1 1 provided as an internal component of the tube 1.

In use, the top part 3 is removed from the tube 1, a sample is taken up on the swab 7, and this is replaced in the tube. The seal on the bottom part 4 is then broken. The safety seal 5 is then removed, and the component 8 pushed inwards, to release a known quantity of liquid. Results can be read through the window 10. A qualitative assessment can be made by comparison of the colour generated with reference spots of different colour intensity (of which 3 are shown in Fig. 1A).

Claims

1. An assay device comprising a tube, a removable top part and a bottom part, wherein an elongate member with a swab at its distal end is mounted on the top part, the top part includes a compartment containing liquid and partly defined by a first frangible membrane that can be ruptured to release the liquid into the tube, and the bottom part contains a reagent and is partly defined by a second frangible membrane that can be ruptured on movement of the bottom part relative to the tube.
2. A device according to claim 1, wherein the top part includes the compartment for liquid as a separate component thereof.
3. A device according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the elongate member is tubular.
4. A device according to claim 3, wherein liquid released from the top part is adapted to pass through the elongate member.
5. A device according to any preceding claim, which comprises a blade-like member adapted to break the second membrane.
6. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein the bottom part comprises a window, for observation of a reaction therewithin.
PCT/GB1997/003458 1996-12-16 1997-12-16 Sample-collecting and assay device WO1998027196A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GBGB9626101.1A GB9626101D0 (en) 1996-12-16 1996-12-16 Assay device
GB9626101.1 1996-12-16

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU77385/98A AU7738598A (en) 1996-12-16 1997-12-16 Sample-collecting and assay device
AU15692/99A AU1569299A (en) 1997-12-16 1998-12-10 Sample-collecting and assay device
PCT/GB1998/003669 WO1999031218A1 (en) 1997-12-16 1998-12-10 Sample-collecting and assay device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1998027196A1 true WO1998027196A1 (en) 1998-06-25

Family

ID=10804526

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/GB1997/003458 WO1998027196A1 (en) 1996-12-16 1997-12-16 Sample-collecting and assay device

Country Status (3)

Country Link
AU (1) AU7738598A (en)
GB (1) GB9626101D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1998027196A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999031218A1 (en) * 1997-12-16 1999-06-24 Celsis International Plc Sample-collecting and assay device
WO2002055730A2 (en) * 2001-01-11 2002-07-18 Hygiena Llc Hygiene monitoring
US6653147B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2003-11-25 Neogen Corporation Apparatus and method for chemiluminescent assays
WO2005068969A1 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Self-contained swab-based diagnostic systems
US6927851B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2005-08-09 Neogen Corporation Methods and apparatus to improve the sensitivity and reproducibility of bioluminescent analytical methods
GB2422663A (en) * 2005-01-27 2006-08-02 Martyn Johnson-Townley Device for surface assay
US7229783B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2007-06-12 Charm Sciences, Inc. Method for monitoring hygiene
EP1848999A2 (en) * 2005-02-16 2007-10-31 Ping Epitope Diagnostics Gao Fecal sample test device and methods of use
WO2010129726A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Articles with matrix comprising a cell extractant and biodetection methods thereof
WO2010129727A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated substrates comprising a cell extractant and biodetection methods thereof
US7863053B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2011-01-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Swab-based diagnostic systems
DE102013014901A1 (en) * 2013-09-06 2015-03-12 Testo Ag A method for assaying a sample for microorganisms and / or viruses, and corresponding swab

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4353868A (en) * 1981-05-29 1982-10-12 Sherwood Medical Industries Inc. Specimen collecting device
US5084245A (en) * 1988-11-07 1992-01-28 Hygeia Sciences, Inc. Assay device for swab borne analytes
WO1993000994A1 (en) * 1991-07-02 1993-01-21 Amersham International Plc Sampling device
WO1993012421A1 (en) * 1990-12-13 1993-06-24 Nason, Frederic, L. Specimen test unit
WO1995025948A1 (en) * 1994-03-22 1995-09-28 Celsis International Plc Sample collecting and assay device
WO1996014570A1 (en) * 1994-11-07 1996-05-17 Idexx Laboratories, Inc. Self-contained signal generating sampling device and methods of use of same

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4353868A (en) * 1981-05-29 1982-10-12 Sherwood Medical Industries Inc. Specimen collecting device
US5084245A (en) * 1988-11-07 1992-01-28 Hygeia Sciences, Inc. Assay device for swab borne analytes
WO1993012421A1 (en) * 1990-12-13 1993-06-24 Nason, Frederic, L. Specimen test unit
WO1993000994A1 (en) * 1991-07-02 1993-01-21 Amersham International Plc Sampling device
WO1995025948A1 (en) * 1994-03-22 1995-09-28 Celsis International Plc Sample collecting and assay device
WO1996014570A1 (en) * 1994-11-07 1996-05-17 Idexx Laboratories, Inc. Self-contained signal generating sampling device and methods of use of same

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999031218A1 (en) * 1997-12-16 1999-06-24 Celsis International Plc Sample-collecting and assay device
US6653147B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2003-11-25 Neogen Corporation Apparatus and method for chemiluminescent assays
US6927851B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2005-08-09 Neogen Corporation Methods and apparatus to improve the sensitivity and reproducibility of bioluminescent analytical methods
US7229783B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2007-06-12 Charm Sciences, Inc. Method for monitoring hygiene
WO2002055730A3 (en) * 2001-01-11 2003-05-15 Hygiena Llc Hygiene monitoring
WO2002055730A2 (en) * 2001-01-11 2002-07-18 Hygiena Llc Hygiene monitoring
WO2005068969A1 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Self-contained swab-based diagnostic systems
US7863053B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2011-01-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Swab-based diagnostic systems
US7098040B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2006-08-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Self-contained swab-based diagnostic systems
GB2422663A (en) * 2005-01-27 2006-08-02 Martyn Johnson-Townley Device for surface assay
EP1848999A2 (en) * 2005-02-16 2007-10-31 Ping Epitope Diagnostics Gao Fecal sample test device and methods of use
EP1848999A4 (en) * 2005-02-16 2012-05-30 Gao Ping Epitope Diagnostics Fecal sample test device and methods of use
WO2010129726A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Articles with matrix comprising a cell extractant and biodetection methods thereof
WO2010129727A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated substrates comprising a cell extractant and biodetection methods thereof
DE102013014901A1 (en) * 2013-09-06 2015-03-12 Testo Ag A method for assaying a sample for microorganisms and / or viruses, and corresponding swab

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB9626101D0 (en) 1997-02-05
AU7738598A (en) 1998-07-15

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