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WO1997030544A3 - Method and apparatus for transitions, reverse play and other special effects in digital motion video - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for transitions, reverse play and other special effects in digital motion video Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1997030544A3
WO1997030544A3 PCT/US1997/002953 US9702953W WO9730544A3 WO 1997030544 A3 WO1997030544 A3 WO 1997030544A3 US 9702953 W US9702953 W US 9702953W WO 9730544 A3 WO9730544 A3 WO 9730544A3
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
decoder
frames
video
transitions
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1997/002953
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO1997030544A2 (en
Inventor
John A Viii Toebes
Douglas J Walker
Original Assignee
Sas Inst Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US1471696P priority Critical
Priority to US60/014,716 priority
Priority to US1697596P priority
Priority to US60/016,975 priority
Priority to US08/801,254 priority
Priority to US80287097A priority
Priority to US08/801,254 priority patent/US5959690A/en
Priority to US08/802,870 priority
Application filed by Sas Inst Inc filed Critical Sas Inst Inc
Publication of WO1997030544A2 publication Critical patent/WO1997030544A2/en
Publication of WO1997030544A3 publication Critical patent/WO1997030544A3/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/20Servers specifically adapted for the distribution of content, e.g. VOD servers; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/23Processing of content or additional data; Elementary server operations; Server middleware
    • H04N21/234Processing of video elementary streams, e.g. splicing of video streams, manipulating MPEG-4 scene graphs
    • H04N21/2343Processing of video elementary streams, e.g. splicing of video streams, manipulating MPEG-4 scene graphs involving reformatting operations of video signals for distribution or compliance with end-user requests or end-user device requirements
    • H04N21/234318Processing of video elementary streams, e.g. splicing of video streams, manipulating MPEG-4 scene graphs involving reformatting operations of video signals for distribution or compliance with end-user requests or end-user device requirements by decomposing into objects, e.g. MPEG-4 objects
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/02Editing, e.g. varying the order of information signals recorded on, or reproduced from, record carriers
    • G11B27/031Electronic editing of digitised analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals
    • G11B27/034Electronic editing of digitised analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals on discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/102Programmed access in sequence to addressed parts of tracks of operating record carriers
    • G11B27/105Programmed access in sequence to addressed parts of tracks of operating record carriers of operating discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/19Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier
    • G11B27/28Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/19Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier
    • G11B27/28Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording
    • G11B27/32Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording on separate auxiliary tracks of the same or an auxiliary record carrier
    • G11B27/327Table of contents
    • G11B27/329Table of contents on a disc [VTOC]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/34Indicating arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N19/00Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals
    • H04N19/10Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using adaptive coding
    • H04N19/169Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using adaptive coding characterised by the coding unit, i.e. the structural portion or semantic portion of the video signal being the object or the subject of the adaptive coding
    • H04N19/17Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using adaptive coding characterised by the coding unit, i.e. the structural portion or semantic portion of the video signal being the object or the subject of the adaptive coding the unit being an image region, e.g. an object
    • H04N19/176Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using adaptive coding characterised by the coding unit, i.e. the structural portion or semantic portion of the video signal being the object or the subject of the adaptive coding the unit being an image region, e.g. an object the region being a block, e.g. a macroblock
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N19/00Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals
    • H04N19/50Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using predictive coding
    • H04N19/503Methods or arrangements for coding, decoding, compressing or decompressing digital video signals using predictive coding involving temporal prediction
    • H04N19/51Motion estimation or motion compensation
    • H04N19/577Motion compensation with bidirectional frame interpolation, i.e. using B-pictures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/47End-user applications
    • H04N21/472End-user interface for requesting content, additional data or services; End-user interface for interacting with content, e.g. for content reservation or setting reminders, for requesting event notification, for manipulating displayed content
    • H04N21/47205End-user interface for requesting content, additional data or services; End-user interface for interacting with content, e.g. for content reservation or setting reminders, for requesting event notification, for manipulating displayed content for manipulating displayed content, e.g. interacting with MPEG-4 objects, editing locally
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/262Studio circuits, e.g. for mixing, switching-over, change of character of image, other special effects ; Cameras specially adapted for the electronic generation of special effects
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/76Television signal recording
    • H04N5/78Television signal recording using magnetic recording
    • H04N5/782Television signal recording using magnetic recording on tape
    • H04N5/783Adaptations for reproducing at a rate different from the recording rate
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/90Tape-like record carriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/02Editing, e.g. varying the order of information signals recorded on, or reproduced from, record carriers
    • G11B27/022Electronic editing of analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals
    • G11B27/024Electronic editing of analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals on tapes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N9/00Details of colour television systems
    • H04N9/79Processing of colour television signals in connection with recording
    • H04N9/80Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback
    • H04N9/804Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components
    • H04N9/8042Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components involving data reduction

Abstract

Transitions between two video frames are effectuated by selecting a FROM frame and a TO frame (31), generating a stream of bidirectionally-dependent duplicator frames which vary, placing the FROM frame in the past buffer of a decoder, placing the TO frame in the future frame of a decoder, feeding the stream of duplicator frames to the decoder, causing the duplicator frames to be displayed, and beginning normal playback of the video stream containing the TO frame at the TO frame position. Frame-specific access is accomplished by determining the location and type of target frame, identifying the reference frames to which the target frame directly and indirectly refers, parsing the reference frames with a decoder while the decoder's video display is suppressed, enabling the video display, and beginning normal decoder playback at the target frame location in the video bitstream. Reverse play is similar.
PCT/US1997/002953 1996-02-20 1997-02-20 Method and apparatus for transitions, reverse play and other special effects in digital motion video WO1997030544A2 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1471696P true 1996-02-20 1996-02-20
US60/014,716 1996-02-20
US1697596P true 1996-05-06 1996-05-06
US60/016,975 1996-05-06
US80287097A true 1997-02-19 1997-02-19
US08/801,254 1997-02-19
US08/801,254 US5959690A (en) 1996-02-20 1997-02-19 Method and apparatus for transitions and other special effects in digital motion video
US08/802,870 1997-02-19

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19970908727 EP0882358A2 (en) 1996-02-20 1997-02-20 Method and apparatus for transitions, reverse play and other special effects in digital motion video

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1997030544A2 WO1997030544A2 (en) 1997-08-21
WO1997030544A3 true WO1997030544A3 (en) 1997-10-02

Family

ID=27486409

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1997/002953 WO1997030544A2 (en) 1996-02-20 1997-02-20 Method and apparatus for transitions, reverse play and other special effects in digital motion video

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0882358A2 (en)
WO (1) WO1997030544A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11215495A (en) * 1998-01-27 1999-08-06 Canopus Co Ltd Companding processing system for image data and companding method for image data
EP1058875B1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2010-10-06 Corporate Media Partners doing business as Americast Method and system for navigating through content in an organized and categorized fashion
US6564005B1 (en) 1999-01-28 2003-05-13 International Business Machines Corporation Multi-user video hard disk recorder
FI114433B (en) 2002-01-23 2004-10-15 Nokia Corp The sample shift in video coding
EP1579451A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2005-09-28 Philips Electronics N.V. Creating edit effects on mpeg-2 compressed video
EP2348714B1 (en) 2004-07-01 2015-02-18 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Randomly accessible visual information recording medium and reproducing device
US20060239563A1 (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-10-26 Nokia Corporation Method and device for compressed domain video editing
EP2015305A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-14 Alcatel Lucent A device and method for smooth reverse playback of media
EP3249652A1 (en) 2016-05-25 2017-11-29 Axis AB Method and apparatus for playing back recorded video

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5185819A (en) * 1991-04-29 1993-02-09 General Electric Company Video signal compression apparatus for independently compressing odd and even fields
US5414455A (en) * 1993-07-07 1995-05-09 Digital Equipment Corporation Segmented video on demand system
US5450599A (en) * 1992-06-04 1995-09-12 International Business Machines Corporation Sequential pipelined processing for the compression and decompression of image data
US5521630A (en) * 1994-04-04 1996-05-28 International Business Machines Corporation Frame sampling scheme for video scanning in a video-on-demand system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5185819A (en) * 1991-04-29 1993-02-09 General Electric Company Video signal compression apparatus for independently compressing odd and even fields
US5450599A (en) * 1992-06-04 1995-09-12 International Business Machines Corporation Sequential pipelined processing for the compression and decompression of image data
US5414455A (en) * 1993-07-07 1995-05-09 Digital Equipment Corporation Segmented video on demand system
US5521630A (en) * 1994-04-04 1996-05-28 International Business Machines Corporation Frame sampling scheme for video scanning in a video-on-demand system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0882358A2 (en) 1998-12-09
WO1997030544A2 (en) 1997-08-21

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