WO1991011868A1 - Paging system with time slot reassignment - Google Patents

Paging system with time slot reassignment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1991011868A1
WO1991011868A1 PCT/US1991/000614 US9100614W WO9111868A1 WO 1991011868 A1 WO1991011868 A1 WO 1991011868A1 US 9100614 W US9100614 W US 9100614W WO 9111868 A1 WO9111868 A1 WO 9111868A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
message
receivers
receiver
time slot
data
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1991/000614
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jeffrey R. Owen
Original Assignee
At&E Corporation
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US47184790A priority Critical
Priority to US471,847 priority
Application filed by At&E Corporation filed Critical At&E Corporation
Publication of WO1991011868A1 publication Critical patent/WO1991011868A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/18Service support devices; Network management devices
    • H04W88/185Selective call encoders for paging networks, e.g. paging centre devices
    • H04W88/187Selective call encoders for paging networks, e.g. paging centre devices using digital or pulse address codes

Abstract

A time division multiplexed paging method (30) includes transmitting in a single time slot the addresses of a plurality of receivers. Associated in the time slot with each address is a message datum. This datum can either be a code signifying a predetermined message, or a pointer to a subsequent time slot in which a message for the corresponding receiver is to be transmitted.

Description

PAGING SYSTEM WITH TIME SLOT REASSIGNMENT

Related Application Data This application is a continuation-in-part of copending allowed application Serial No. 07/352,635, filed May 12, 1989, which is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 06/802,844, filed November 27, 1985, now U.S. Patent 4,713,808, both of which are incorporated herein by reference.

Field of the Invention The present invention relates to time-division multiplexed paging systems, and more particularly relates to a method of dynamically reassigning time slots so as to avoid several messages conflicting in the same time slot.

Background and Summary of the Invention Time-division multiplexed paging systems are well known in the art, as illustrated by the above-referenced patent and allowed patent application. In such systems, each paging receiver energizes at a predetermined time slot and decodes a recipient identifier code transmitted therein. If this identifier matches the receiver's own, the receiver remains energized to receive the accompanying message. At the conclusion of this operation, the receiver is deenergized until the beginning of the next predetermined time slot.

The transmission of a recipient identifier code permits multiple receivers to be assigned to a single time slot. A problem arises, however, when messages must be broadcast to two receivers that share the same time slot.

One possible solution to this problem is to transmit a first one of the messages in the time slot, together with a data bit indicating that there are other messages for that time slot. The other messag (s) are deferred and transmitted in a following time slot(s) . If the data bit is set, all receivers (other than the one that did receive a message) energize in a time slot a predetermined number of slots later and compare the identifier code transmitted therein with their own. This process continues until all messages have been sent.

While the foregoing approach solves the basic problem, it adds several of its own. One is the power consumed when all but one of the receivers assigned to a certain time slot energize two or more times to determine the recipient for the deferred message(s) . Further, any message normally intended for the slot to which a message has been deferred must itself be deferred, causing all of the receivers associated with that time slot to energize in another time slot. At times of peak message traffic, this problem can quickly compound and cause large numbers of paging receivers to monitor large numbers of sequential time slots in order to determine the few receivers for which the deferred messages are intended. In accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, this problem is advantageously solved by transmitting, in the single time slot for which there are several messages, several target receiver addresses and a corresponding number of abbreviated message data. These data may either be binary codes representing predetermined' essages, or can be binary pointers indexing the addressed receivers to subsequent time slots in which their respective messages will be transmitted. The time slots indexed by these pointers are chosen by the paging system from time slots that would otherwise be empty. By this arrangement, only those receivers for which messages have been deferred need to reenergize, and these receivers need reenergize only once, since they are assured the message will be transmitted in the time slots to which they have been pointed. The receivers that normally monitor these latter time slots themselves need only energize once, since they recognize immediately that the time slot contains no messages tagged with their identifier codes.

The foregoing and additional objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be more readily apparent from the following detailed description thereof, which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings.

""" Brief Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating a paging system that may use the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a schematic block diagram illustrating a wristwatch paging receiver used in the system of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a block diagram illustrating the partial contents of a microprocessor memory used in the paging receiver of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 illustrates the format of a frame that may be used in a paging system according to the present invention.

Fig. 5 illustrates the format of a subframe that may be used in a paging system according to the present invention. Fig. 6 illustrates the format of an Al time slot that may be used in a paging system according to the present invention.

Fig. 7 illustrates the format of an A2 time slot that may be used in a paging system according to the present invention.

Detailed Description For expository convenience, the present invention is illustrated with reference to a paging system (the "Gaskill** system) described in U.S. Patents 4,713,808 and 4,897,835. However, it will be recognized that the invention is not so limited.

As shown in Fig. 1, the Gaskill system includes clearinghouses 10, broadcasting facilities 12 and wristwatch paging receivers 14. The clearinghouses 10 are fully automated centralized facilities which accept messages, validate subscriber identification, determine message destinations and route messages to the appropriate broadcast facilities for transmission. Callers to the system dial a local clearinghouse telephone number and hear voice prompts that guide them through a simple process for sending messages.

The broadcast facilities 12 are typically conventional FM broadcast stations that carry paging data on subcarriers of their signals. Multiple stations are used for transmission in a given area. Diversity of signals combined with repeated transmission insures that the paging subscribers receive their messages with a high degree of reliability. The wristwatch paging receivers 14 are worn by the subscribers and receive the paging messages broadcast by the broadcast facilities. A block diagram of such a receiver is shown in Fig. 2. The receiver basically includes an antenna 16, a frequency agile receiver 18, a data demodulator 20, a protocol decoder 21, a microprocessor 22 (with associated memory 24) and a user interface 26. Memory 24 contains various data and programs relating to operation of the watch, such as a subroutine for finding a new station, a subroutine for obtaining a local channel list, a datum indicative of the frequency to which the watch is presently tuned, and a local channel list. Fig. 3 illustrates some of the contents of this memory 24.

To review operation of the receiver briefly, antenna 16 receives radio frequency signals in the desired reception band (here 88 to 108 MHz) and couples them to the frequency agile receiver 18. The frequency agile receiver 18 processes the RF signals from the antenna and produces baseband output signals corresponding to a desired FM station within the reception band — typically an FM signal carrying the paging data on an SCA subcarrier thereof. This SCA paging data is detected by the data demodulator 20, decoded by the protocol decoder 21 and is provided to the microprocessor 22 for processing. The microprocessor 22 drives the user interface 26 to alert the subscriber of paging messages.

The format for transmitting messages is shown in Figs. 4 - 7. The format comprises a time frame 28 (Fig. 4) of predetermined length, such as fifteen minutes, which is repeated cyclically. Within each frame 28 are a predetermined number of subframes 30 (sixty four in the illustrated embodiment) . Each subframe is uniquely numbered 0,1,2...63.

Moving to Fig. 5, each subframe comprises a predetermined number of time slots 32 during which a packet of data is transmitted. In Fig. 5, 1024 time slots of about fourteen milliseconds each are shown. Each time slot is uniquely numbered 0,1,2,3...1023. Subframe and time slot number information are sent in the transmitted data and are used by the receivers to determine a reference point within a frame.

The 1024 time slots in each subframe are preceded by three control time slots 36 which include packets of control information. Control slots 36 are like time slots 32 in both duration and format, but differ in information content, as disclosed in the above-referenced patents. Each paging receiver is assigned a particular time slot 32 (Fig. 5) in a subframe in which its messages will be broadcast. In the illustrated system, there are 65,536 such time slots. To increase system capacity, each time slot serves several receivers. (Each paging receiver is uniquely identified by a 32 bit ID code. The time slot to which it is assigned is the time slot identified by the ten least significant bits of its ID code. Consequently, it will share use of this time slot with all other receivers that have the same ten least significant ID code bits.) The data packet transmitted during a given time slot may be one of two types. In the first, illustrated in Fig. 6 and termed "Al," the address of a single targeted receiver is transmitted, together with an associated message datum. The targeted receiver address (i.e. ID code) is transmitted in two 16-bit segments, the least significant bits being transmitted first. In between these two segments is a datum indicating that the packet is of the Al format. Following the address data is the message data, which consists of 22 4-bit bytes. These data are typically used to transmit a telephone number for display on the recipient's pager. Also included in the packet is a sequential message number datum.

The above-described Al data packet is used if the paging system has a message for only a single receiver in the time slot, and if a user-defined message (i.e. telephone number) is to be sent thereto. A different, "A2," data packet is used if several receivers need to be addressed in a given time slot, or if standardized ("predetermined") messages are to be sent. The format of the A2 packet is shown in Fig. 7.

In this format, several addresses and several associated message data are transmitted. As noted, all the receivers monitoring a given time-slot have the 10 least significant bits of their addresses in common. These ten bits are transmitted at the beginning of the A2 packet, followed by a datum that indicates the packet is of the A2 type. Following this introductory data are three blocks of data, one intended for each of (up to) three receivers monitoring this time slot. These blocks each include the 22 additional most significant bits of address data needed to complete a targeted receiver's 32-bit address, and a ten-bit message datum. The message datum can either represent a predetermined message (such as "Call Home," "Call Office," etc.), or can serve as a pointer to a subsequent time slot in which a user-defined message will be transmitted, typically in an Al packet. (The paging system selects this subsequent time slot from those that would otherwise not convey a message.) Also included in each of these three message blocks is a sequential message number datum and a format datum. The format datum can assume several values to indicate (a) that the block is devoid of a message; or (b) that the message datum represents a predetermined message; or (c) that the message datum is a pointer to a subsequent time slot.

In the preferred embodiment, the A2 packet format is used whenever a predetermined message is to be sent (regardless of the number of receivers addressed) , or whenever more than one receiver is to be addressed (regardless of the message type - predetermined or user- defined) . From the foregoing, it will be recognized that the present invention advantageously solves the problem of serving several receivers simultaneously from a single time slot, and does so in a manner that balances the message load among the time slots, rather than imposing additional message burden on time slots that may already convey messages.

Having described and illustrated the principles of my invention with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be apparent that the invention can be modified in arrangement and detail without departing from such principles. Accordingly, I claim as my invention all such modifications as may come within the scope and spirit of the following claims and equivalents thereto.

Claims

I CLAIM;
1. A paging method comprising the steps: broadcasting a paging signal formatted into a plurality of time slots; assigning a plurality of paging receivers to monitor a predetermined one of said time slots, each of said plurality of receivers monitoring said predetermined time slot for an address code corresponding to said receiver; transmitting in one of said time slots a first address code and a first message datum associated therewith, and also transmitting in said same time slot a second address code and a second message datum associated therewith.
2. The paging method of claim 1 which further includes transmitting in said same time slot a third address code and a third message datum associated therewith.
3. The paging method of claim 1 in which at least one of said message data comprises a binary code corresponding to a predetermined message.
4. The paging method of claim 1 in which at least one of said message data comprises a pointer datum, said datum indicating to the addressed receiver a target time slot in which a message addressed to said receiver may be received.
5. In a time division multiplexed communication method comprising: transmitting data subdivided into time slots; assigning a plurality of receivers to monitor a predetermined one of said time slots for message data addressed thereto; an improvement comprising: providing to each of two receivers, from a single time slot, data indicating two future target time slots in which messages addressed to said two receivers may be received, respectively.
6. The method of claim 5 which further includes providing to each of three receivers, from said single time slot, data indicating three future target time slots in which messages addressed to said three receivers may be received, respectively.
7. In a time division multiplexed communications system that includes transmitting data in packet form to a plurality of receivers that monitor a periodically recurring time slot, an improved packet format comprising: a first address field containing data identifying a first receiver; a first message field containing a message datum intended for the first receiver; a second address field containing data identifying a second receiver; and a second message field containing a message datum intended for the second receiver; wherein said plurality of receivers numbers more than two.
8. The time division multiplexed communications system of claim 7 in which the packet format further includes: a third address field containing data identifying a second receiver; and a third message field containing a message datum intended for the third receiver; wherein said plurality of receivers numbers more than three.
9. The time division multiplexed communications system of claim 7 in which one of said message data is a binary code signifying a predetermined message.
10. The time division multiplexed communications system of claim 7 in which one of said message data is a pointer to a future- time slot in which a message addressed to the receiver to which said message data corresponds will be transmitted.
11. The time division multiplexed communications system of claim 7 in which two of said message data are pointers to future time slots in which messages addressed to the receivers to which said message data correspond will be transmitted.
PCT/US1991/000614 1990-01-29 1991-01-29 Paging system with time slot reassignment WO1991011868A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US47184790A true 1990-01-29 1990-01-29
US471,847 1990-01-29

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1991011868A1 true WO1991011868A1 (en) 1991-08-08

Family

ID=23873214

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1991/000614 WO1991011868A1 (en) 1990-01-29 1991-01-29 Paging system with time slot reassignment

Country Status (2)

Country Link
AU (1) AU7301991A (en)
WO (1) WO1991011868A1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5629940A (en) * 1985-11-27 1997-05-13 Seiko Communications Holding N.V. Transmitting and receiving long messages in a wireless one-way communication system while reserving selected slots for short messages
EP0803165A1 (en) * 1992-05-29 1997-10-29 Motorola, Inc. A communication system capable of reassigning radio receivers
WO2003044616A2 (en) 2001-11-19 2003-05-30 Nokia Corporation Method and system of identifying network services
US6795425B1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2004-09-21 Ericsson Inc. Wireless communications methods and apparatus employing paging attribute descriptors
EP2293455A3 (en) * 2002-05-01 2012-10-17 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and system for optimizing power resources in wireless devices
US8625545B2 (en) 2002-05-06 2014-01-07 Interdigital Technology Corporation Synchronization for extending battery life
US8737920B2 (en) 2004-11-10 2014-05-27 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and apparatus for managing wireless communication network radio resources

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4641304A (en) * 1986-06-06 1987-02-03 Rca Corporation Announced retransmission random access system
US4706272A (en) * 1984-02-14 1987-11-10 Nec Corporation Paging communication system
US4713808A (en) * 1985-11-27 1987-12-15 A T & E Corporation Watch pager system and communication protocol
US4897835A (en) * 1985-11-27 1990-01-30 At&E Corporation High capacity protocol with multistation capability

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4706272A (en) * 1984-02-14 1987-11-10 Nec Corporation Paging communication system
US4713808A (en) * 1985-11-27 1987-12-15 A T & E Corporation Watch pager system and communication protocol
US4897835A (en) * 1985-11-27 1990-01-30 At&E Corporation High capacity protocol with multistation capability
US4641304A (en) * 1986-06-06 1987-02-03 Rca Corporation Announced retransmission random access system

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5629940A (en) * 1985-11-27 1997-05-13 Seiko Communications Holding N.V. Transmitting and receiving long messages in a wireless one-way communication system while reserving selected slots for short messages
EP0803165A1 (en) * 1992-05-29 1997-10-29 Motorola, Inc. A communication system capable of reassigning radio receivers
EP0803165A4 (en) * 1992-05-29 1999-04-14 Motorola Inc A communication system capable of reassigning radio receivers
US6795425B1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2004-09-21 Ericsson Inc. Wireless communications methods and apparatus employing paging attribute descriptors
US9277485B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2016-03-01 Nokia Technologies Oy Method of transmitting and accessing network service data
EP1449050A2 (en) * 2001-11-19 2004-08-25 Nokia Corporation Method and system of identifying network services
EP1449050A4 (en) * 2001-11-19 2007-03-07 Nokia Corp Method and system of identifying network services
US7426393B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2008-09-16 Nokia Corporation Method and system of identifying network services
WO2003044616A2 (en) 2001-11-19 2003-05-30 Nokia Corporation Method and system of identifying network services
EP2293455A3 (en) * 2002-05-01 2012-10-17 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and system for optimizing power resources in wireless devices
US10117182B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-10-30 Interdigital Technology Corporation Communicating control messages that indicate frequency resource information to receive data
US8897189B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2014-11-25 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and system for optimizing power resources in wireless devices
US9603149B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2017-03-21 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and system for optimizing power resources in wireless devices
US8625545B2 (en) 2002-05-06 2014-01-07 Interdigital Technology Corporation Synchronization for extending battery life
US9730158B2 (en) 2002-05-06 2017-08-08 Interdigital Technology Corporation Synchronization for extending battery life
US10356718B2 (en) 2002-05-06 2019-07-16 Interdigital Technology Corporation Synchronization for extending battery life
US9125203B2 (en) 2004-11-10 2015-09-01 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and apparatus for managing wireless communication network radio resources
US8737920B2 (en) 2004-11-10 2014-05-27 Interdigital Technology Corporation Method and apparatus for managing wireless communication network radio resources

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU7301991A (en) 1991-08-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DE69532291T3 (en) Device for supplying circular messages in a communication network
JP2608259B2 (en) Transmission and reception system and method
US4910510A (en) System for off-the-air reprogramming of communication receivers
RU2155457C2 (en) Communication system, selective search call receiver, method for requesting information in communication system
CN100338960C (en) Method for effectively using broadcast capacity in small residential region
US4352183A (en) Information transmission system
US5768276A (en) Digital control channels having logical channels supporting broadcast SMS
EP0189089B1 (en) Radio paging system capable of transmitting common information and receiver therefor
US5604921A (en) Radiotelephone user interface for broadcast short message service
EP1060586B1 (en) Method for accessing and providing access to a packet channel
US5537407A (en) Watch pager system and communication protocol
US4382256A (en) Paging receiver with display
US4668949A (en) Pager receiver comprising a message detector energized only at pertinent time slots
US5805977A (en) Method and apparatus for controlling transmissions in a two-way selective call communication system
US5552779A (en) Watch pager with icons
US5097484A (en) Diversity transmission and reception method and equipment
US6366573B1 (en) Method of, and system for, transmitting messages
US5159713A (en) Watch pager and wrist antenna
US4897835A (en) High capacity protocol with multistation capability
EP0110506B1 (en) Display pager having memory overflow indication and concurrent message display functions
EP0269202A2 (en) A communication system
EP0124788A1 (en) Radio paging system and receiver therefor
CA1313227C (en) Radio communication apparatus having an improved signal to noise ratio
CA1263708A (en) Method and receiver for receiving messages sent by radio
US5230084A (en) Selective call receiver having extended battery saving capability

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AU CA JP KR

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IT LU NL SE

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: CA