WO1989005938A1 - Valve position monitoring system - Google Patents

Valve position monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1989005938A1
WO1989005938A1 PCT/US1988/004442 US8804442W WO8905938A1 WO 1989005938 A1 WO1989005938 A1 WO 1989005938A1 US 8804442 W US8804442 W US 8804442W WO 8905938 A1 WO8905938 A1 WO 8905938A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
valve
monitoring system
targets
position monitoring
valve position
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1988/004442
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Ronald L. Hagedorn
Wilson E. Kelley, Jr.
Horn Prescott Van, Jr.
Original Assignee
E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K37/00Special means in or on valves or other cut-off apparatus for indicating or recording operation thereof, or for enabling an alarm to be given
    • F16K37/0025Electrical or magnetic means
    • F16K37/0041Electrical or magnetic means for measuring valve parameters

Abstract

A quarter turn valve (11) fitted with one or more targets (13) mounted on its actuating means and fitted with a pair of proximity sensors (14, 15) one of which generates a signal when the valve is open and the other of which generates a signal when the valve is closed.

Description

TITLE

VALVE POSITION MONITORING SYSTEM

Cross Reference to Related Application

This application is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 134,879, filed December 18, 1987. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a position indicator for manually operated valves enabling the position of such valves to be monitored from a remote location. More particularly, this invention relates to a system retrofitted to a quarter-turn valve to indicate whether the valve is in the open or closed position. Background of the Invention

The chemical process industry utilizes actuator operated and manually operated valves to control the flow of fluid. In quarter-turn valves, the open-to-close positions are achieved with a 90 degree movement of the component that interrupts flow within the valve assembly. Valve position monitoring by controlling equipment is becoming more necessary for precise control of the processes. Valve position monitors are typically mechanically operated electric switches which are physically mounted on the valves. The switches are triggered mechanically with devices mounted on the valve mechanisms, and communicate with the controlling equipment via different electric signals depending on valve position.

U.S. Patent 4,406,303 discloses a gate valve with a position indicator in which a trip spring 110 makes contact with sensing faces 101 and 106 of proximity sensors 100 and 104 respectively to make electrical contact and energize the electrical circuit shown in block diagram (Fig. 6) to actuate an indicating lamp which indicates the position o_f the valve. However, in this device a linear'.actuated valve is; used... Moreover, the position' indicator must be attached to a valve ste extension.

U.S. Patent 3,602,254 discloses a valve position indicating system including magnetically conductive material embedded in a stub shaft and a pair of pole pieces with electrical windings connecte to AC power and a meter, respectively. .Depending,- on the position of the valve, the magnetically conductive material induces a greater amount of current in one winding over the other, and the current to the winding connected to the meter indicates valve position. However, this device will register "zero" irrespective of whether the valve is closed or whether there is a power failure. In other words, it gives no true live _. indication of valve position when the valve is in the .. "zero" or closed position. In addition,, it requires mounting the magnetically conductive material to the: shaft of the valve and encasing the valve in a housing.

It is an object of the present invention to " provide a valve position monitoring system that can be retrofitted to existing quarter-turn valves. It is a further object of the present invention ,to provide a means to indicate whether such a valve is open or closed, both at the valve and at a remote control system. It is a feature of the present invention to provide a valve position monitoring system with components that are not frictionally engaged. An advantage of the present invention is that it provides a monitoring system for those valves which cannot be removed from a piping system because of the loss of production time or replaced with expensive new valves equipped with a monitoring device. These and other objects, features, and advantages will become apparent upon review of the following description of the invention.

Summary of the Invention

The present invention concerns a valve position monitoring system for a valve having an actuating means adapted to open and close the valve in a quarter turn. The system comprises one or more targets secured to the actuating means, and first and second proximity sensors secured to the valve and adapted to generate signals. The first proximity sensor is aligned to detect a target and generate a signal when the valve is closed, and the second proximity sensor is aligned to detect a target and generate a signal when the valve is open. Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a quarter turn valve retrofitted with the valve position monitoring system, and a schematic view of the circuitry used with this system.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of another quarter turn valve retrofitted with an alternative embodiment of the valve position monitoring system. Detailed Description of the Invention

Referring now to Figure 1, a quarter turn valve fitted with the sensor system of the present invention is shown generally as 11. Fluid flows through the bore of the valve 11 in the direction indicated by the arrows. The valve is manually actuated by turning handle 12. The valve is shown in the open position and target 13 is shown positioned under proximity sensor 14. Proximity sensor 15 is positioned to detect the presence of target 13 when valve 11 is in the closed position. Proximity sensors 14 and 15 may be fitted with light emitting diodes 16 which visually indicate the position of the valve.

Proximity sensors 14 and 15 are mounted on housing 20 which in turn has been mounted on valve 11-by means of bracket 21.

Proximity sensor 14 emits a signal through line 22, and proximity sensor 15 emits a signal through line 23 to signal input receiver 24 in control system 25. The proximity sensors 14 and 15 communicate with the control system 25 by one of two . methods. In the first method, signal input receiver conditions the signals received from proximity sensors

14 and 15 and forwards the conditioned signal to central processing unit (CPU) or control device 26 fitted with communication system 27 adapted to relay the signal to status indicating units such as cathode ray tube (CRT) or viewing device 28 fitted with a keyboard and printer 29. The signal is sent from CPU

26 to output 30 which conditions the signal to a form suitable to feed to process safety interlock 31. In the second method, the signals are received from the proximity sensors 14 and 15 by an amplifier, and forwarded to a relay contact output. The relay. contact output may be any of several means.to notify an operator of a particular valve position, including a light panel, a bell or whistle, and the like.

Figure 2 represents an alternative embodiment of the present invention. In this figure, a different type of quarter-turn valve is fitted with this alternative sensor system of the present invention as shown generally at 11. Fluid again flows through the bore of the valve 11 in the direction indicated by the arrows. The valve 11 is fitted with proximity sensors 14 and 15 (mounted on housing 20) by means of bracket 21. The valve is manually actuated by a handle that fits over the extension 17 and grease fitting 18. The valve is shown in the open position and target 13 is shown positioned under proximity sensor 14. A total of four targets 13 are secured to the actuating means and extend radially from the central axis of the actuating means. The targets 13 are placed at 90 degree intervals around the circumference of the actuating means, in alternate locations axially along the surface of the actuating means. Thus, the targets alternately coincide with the location of proximity sensors 14 or 15. When one target 13 is detected by a proximity sensor 14 or 15, an adjacent target 13 is not detected by the other proximity sensor 14 or 15. Thus, the invention of Figure 2 eliminates the possibility of improper installation of the actuating means together with plurality of targets 13. Should an operator install the actuating means backwards within the valve (180 degrees turned around) targets 13 will still be detected by the proximity sensors 14 and 15. Furthermore, irrespective of whether the operator rotates the actuating means a quarter turn clockwise or counterclockwise, a target 13 will be detected by one of the proximity sensors 14 or 15. The proximity sensors 14 and 15 of Figure 2 communicate with the control system 25 schematically depicted in Figure 1 as previously described.

There are two varieties of proximity sensors that are useful in the practice of this invention. Moreover, each type of proximity sensor has specific requirements relative to the type of target that it can detect. The first type of proximity sensor is the eddy current killed oscillator (*rECK0Λr) type proximity sensor. As known to those skilled in the art, this type of proximity sensor operates with RF signals. It ran be used in conjunction with targets containing- any metal. These targets may contain magnetic or non-magnetic metal. Examples of metals useful for targets with this proximity sensor include cast iron, mild steel, stainless steel, brass, aluminum, and copper. Eddy currents in the metallic materials present a reflected load to a radio frequency oscillator within the ECKO sensor, reducing its signal level. This changes the voltage output of the sensor. τhe second type of proximity sensor is the

Hall effect type proximity sensor. It can only be . used with targets containing magnetic metal. When subjected to a magnetic field, the unit responds with an output voltage proportional to the magnetic field strength. A Hall effect type proximity sensor is a semiconductor crystal device through which a constant current is passed. This current exhibits no output voltage difference when magnetic material is absent.. With magnetic material present, a magnetic force is exerted on the current in the semiconductor portion of the device. This force disturbs the current distribution in the sensor resulting in a voltage difference across the output.

A main feature of the present invention is the small non-contact proximity sensor which detects the valve position without touching the moving part of the valve. There is no metal-to-metal contact,, wear, or friction to overcome. Another important feature of the subject invention is that in the event of a power failure, it will not register an open or close position on any display. Other systems for example utilize meters that indicate "0" or "100" depending on valve position. In such systems, an operator would not be aware of a power loss, as the meter would register zero. In contrast, the present invention is fail-safe to the extent that should the system lose power no signal is forwarded to the control system 25 and the light emitting diodes 16 will not be lit; an operator will then know that power is lost to the system.

The microprocessor-based proximity sensor does not contain mechanical contacts as with conventional switches. This feature overcomes contact bounce common with mechanical contacts. Contact bounce will cause erroneous signals in a control system.

The invention is particularly useful with two specific quarter-turn valves, the DeZurik plug valve and the Rockwell-Nordstrom plug valve. Each of these valves has an actuating means external to the valve that is readily adaptable for securing the targets 13 thereto. The DeZurik plug valve is shown in Figure 1 and is a non-lubricating valve. The Rockwell-Nordstrom plug valve is shown in Figure 2 and is a lubricated valve with a grease fitting affixed to the actuating means to dispense lubricant. Prior to the present invention, these two types of valves could not be retrofitted with monitoring systems because of the interference of the wrench operator handle and/or the grease fitting. These valves may now be readily equipped with the system of the present invention, which is small in overall size and attaches to either valve 11 by bracket 21 with ease.

The invention also finds utility in certain varieties of other quarter-turn valves, including the ball valve and the butterfly valve.

Changes and modifications in the specifically described embodiments can be carried out without departing from the scope of the invention vhich is intended to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

Claims
1. A valve position monitoring system for a valve having an actuating means adapted to open and close the valve in a quarter turn, the system comprising one or more targets secured to the actuating means, and first and second proximity sensors secured to the valve and adapted to generate signals, said first proximity sensor aligned to detect a target and generate a signal when the valve is closed, said second proximity sensor aligned to detect a target and generate a signal when the valve is open.
2. The valve position monitoring system of Claim 1 wherein said proximity sensors are eddy current killed oscillator type proximity sensors and said targets contain metal.
3. The valve position monitoring system of Claim 2 wherein the metal contained in said targets is magnetic.
4. The valve position monitoring system of Claim 2 wherein the metal contained in said targets is non-magnetic.
5. The valve position monitoring system of Claim 1 wherein said proximity sensors are Hall effect type proximity sensors and said targets contain magnetic metal.
PCT/US1988/004442 1987-12-18 1988-12-15 Valve position monitoring system WO1989005938A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13487987 true 1987-12-18 1987-12-18
US134,879 1987-12-18
US28273288 true 1988-12-12 1988-12-12
US282,732 1988-12-12

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1989005938A1 true true WO1989005938A1 (en) 1989-06-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US1988/004442 WO1989005938A1 (en) 1987-12-18 1988-12-15 Valve position monitoring system

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WO (1) WO1989005938A1 (en)

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0410317A2 (en) * 1989-07-28 1991-01-30 Liberty Technologies, Inc. A non-invasive system and method for inspection of valves
US5057822A (en) * 1990-09-07 1991-10-15 Puritan-Bennett Corporation Medical gas alarm system
FR2666914A1 (en) * 1990-09-14 1992-03-20 Mediterranee Const Ind System for signalling the state of the position of a rotary element
US5154080A (en) * 1986-10-29 1992-10-13 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Integrated check valve testing system
GB2264551A (en) * 1992-01-22 1993-09-01 Cellar Services Technology Ltd Free flow tap lever position sensor.
US5277223A (en) * 1992-10-16 1994-01-11 Glockner Gary G Valve position transmitter
EP0612943A1 (en) * 1993-02-23 1994-08-31 Framatome Inductive monitoring device for valve member
FR2714955A1 (en) * 1994-01-13 1995-07-13 Caruelle Electromagnetic device for valve control
EP0797035A1 (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-09-24 Worcester Controls Corporation Pneumatic actuator having an end-mounted control device
EP0961065A1 (en) * 1997-11-28 1999-12-01 Maitron Chemiefreie Wasserbehandlung G.M.B.H. Shut-off device for a water supply-line
EP0872676A3 (en) * 1997-04-14 2000-07-19 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Adjustable electronic position indicator apparatus for a valve
EP0961066A3 (en) * 1998-05-28 2001-10-10 GEMÜ Gebrüder Müller Apparatebau GmbH & Co. KG Free programmable position indication device
WO2003033958A1 (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-04-24 Fischer Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
US6681791B1 (en) 2002-09-26 2004-01-27 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Manifold valve position indicator and operator alerting system
US6987448B2 (en) 2001-08-20 2006-01-17 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Medical gas alarm system
EP1624235A1 (en) * 2004-08-07 2006-02-08 Air Torque GmbH Manually actuated valve with an indicator
WO2010051111A1 (en) * 2008-10-29 2010-05-06 Be Intellectual Property, Inc. Proximity sensor
CN102852661A (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-01-02 卡特彼勒公司 System and method implementing air shutoff position detection strategy
US20130306157A1 (en) * 2011-01-25 2013-11-21 A.R.I. Flow Control Accessories Ltd. Gas purge valve with actuation sensor
EP2856444A4 (en) * 2012-05-25 2016-01-20 Mueller Int Llc Position indicator for valves

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4156437A (en) * 1978-02-21 1979-05-29 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Computer controllable multi-port valve
US4227547A (en) * 1979-02-12 1980-10-14 Ross Operating Valve Company Valve safety indicating means
US4299251A (en) * 1979-09-04 1981-11-10 Hewlett-Packard Company Optical valve position sensing
US4601211A (en) * 1984-12-12 1986-07-22 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Multi-port valve in a gas collection system and method of using same

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4156437A (en) * 1978-02-21 1979-05-29 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Computer controllable multi-port valve
US4227547A (en) * 1979-02-12 1980-10-14 Ross Operating Valve Company Valve safety indicating means
US4299251A (en) * 1979-09-04 1981-11-10 Hewlett-Packard Company Optical valve position sensing
US4601211A (en) * 1984-12-12 1986-07-22 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Multi-port valve in a gas collection system and method of using same

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5154080A (en) * 1986-10-29 1992-10-13 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Integrated check valve testing system
EP0410317A2 (en) * 1989-07-28 1991-01-30 Liberty Technologies, Inc. A non-invasive system and method for inspection of valves
EP0410317A3 (en) * 1989-07-28 1991-05-08 Liberty Technology Center, Inc. A non-invasive system and method for inspection of valves
US5057822A (en) * 1990-09-07 1991-10-15 Puritan-Bennett Corporation Medical gas alarm system
WO1992004697A1 (en) * 1990-09-07 1992-03-19 Puritan-Bennett Corporation Medical gas alarm system
FR2666914A1 (en) * 1990-09-14 1992-03-20 Mediterranee Const Ind System for signalling the state of the position of a rotary element
EP0532811A1 (en) * 1990-09-14 1993-03-24 Constructions Industrielles De La Mediterranee C.N.I.M. Position status reparting system for a rotating member
GB2264551A (en) * 1992-01-22 1993-09-01 Cellar Services Technology Ltd Free flow tap lever position sensor.
US5277223A (en) * 1992-10-16 1994-01-11 Glockner Gary G Valve position transmitter
EP0612943A1 (en) * 1993-02-23 1994-08-31 Framatome Inductive monitoring device for valve member
FR2714955A1 (en) * 1994-01-13 1995-07-13 Caruelle Electromagnetic device for valve control
EP0797035A1 (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-09-24 Worcester Controls Corporation Pneumatic actuator having an end-mounted control device
US5865419A (en) * 1996-03-22 1999-02-02 Worcestor Controls Licenseco, Inc. Pneumatic actuator having an end mounted control device
EP0872676A3 (en) * 1997-04-14 2000-07-19 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Adjustable electronic position indicator apparatus for a valve
EP0961065A1 (en) * 1997-11-28 1999-12-01 Maitron Chemiefreie Wasserbehandlung G.M.B.H. Shut-off device for a water supply-line
EP0961066A3 (en) * 1998-05-28 2001-10-10 GEMÜ Gebrüder Müller Apparatebau GmbH & Co. KG Free programmable position indication device
US6987448B2 (en) 2001-08-20 2006-01-17 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Medical gas alarm system
EP2105651A2 (en) * 2001-10-18 2009-09-30 Fisher Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
EP2068058A3 (en) * 2001-10-18 2011-05-04 Fisher Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
WO2003033958A1 (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-04-24 Fischer Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
EP2105651A3 (en) * 2001-10-18 2011-05-04 Fisher Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
EP2068058A2 (en) * 2001-10-18 2009-06-10 Fisher Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
US6644131B2 (en) 2001-10-18 2003-11-11 Fisher Controls International Llc Steam trap instrument module
US6681791B1 (en) 2002-09-26 2004-01-27 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Manifold valve position indicator and operator alerting system
EP1624235A1 (en) * 2004-08-07 2006-02-08 Air Torque GmbH Manually actuated valve with an indicator
WO2010051111A1 (en) * 2008-10-29 2010-05-06 Be Intellectual Property, Inc. Proximity sensor
US20130306157A1 (en) * 2011-01-25 2013-11-21 A.R.I. Flow Control Accessories Ltd. Gas purge valve with actuation sensor
CN102852661A (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-01-02 卡特彼勒公司 System and method implementing air shutoff position detection strategy
US20130000730A1 (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Caterpillar Inc. System and method implementing air shutoff position detection strategy
US8881762B2 (en) * 2011-06-30 2014-11-11 Caterpillar Inc. System and method implementing air shutoff position detection strategy
EP2856444A4 (en) * 2012-05-25 2016-01-20 Mueller Int Llc Position indicator for valves
US9562623B2 (en) 2012-05-25 2017-02-07 Mueller International, Llc Position indicator for valves
EP3287996A1 (en) * 2012-05-25 2018-02-28 Mueller International, LLC Position indicator for valves
US9909687B2 (en) 2012-05-25 2018-03-06 Mueller International, Llc Position indicator for valves

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