WO1989002838A1 - Side tipper support system - Google Patents

Side tipper support system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1989002838A1
WO1989002838A1 PCT/AU1988/000376 AU8800376W WO8902838A1 WO 1989002838 A1 WO1989002838 A1 WO 1989002838A1 AU 8800376 W AU8800376 W AU 8800376W WO 8902838 A1 WO8902838 A1 WO 8902838A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
chassis
support system
stage
tipper
tipping
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU1988/000376
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Bernd Ostermeyer
Original Assignee
Bernd Ostermeyer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bernd Ostermeyer filed Critical Bernd Ostermeyer
Priority to AU25404/88A priority Critical patent/AU617709B2/en
Priority to IN811/CAL/88A priority patent/IN170804B/en
Publication of WO1989002838A1 publication Critical patent/WO1989002838A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/04Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading with a tipping movement of load-transporting element
    • B60P1/16Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading with a tipping movement of load-transporting element actuated by fluid-operated mechanisms
    • B60P1/165Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading with a tipping movement of load-transporting element actuated by fluid-operated mechanisms tipping movement about a fore and aft axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/04Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading with a tipping movement of load-transporting element
    • B60P1/28Tipping body constructions

Definitions

  • This invention relates to a side tipper support system for bulk carrying vehicles, more particularly to a bulk trailer or semi-trailer in which the trailer body is tilted sideways to discharge the bulk material, the trailer body preferably being a doorless side-tipping body.
  • the vehicle system as described herein is suitable for handling many types of loose bulk materials including sand, coil, mineral ores and rocks, in any situation where the material can be unloaded by tipping sideways from the vehicle.
  • the vehicle may vary from small trailers, body trucks or semi-trailers through to rail cars or heavy off-road vehicles as used on mining sites.
  • system is referred to generally as being fitted to a semi-trailer, but can be applied to trailed vehicles, such as in what are commonly termed 'road trains'.
  • U.K. Patent 2106049 shows a tipping vehicle in which the body may be tipped in any one of three directions with releasable latch means to allow the desired tipping.
  • SU1230887 shows a tipping and lifting arrangement where the bin can be lifted from the vehicle and placed on the ground, or can be moved sideways from the vehicle and then tipped to empty.
  • a side tipper support system for a side tipping bulk transport vehicle comprising a chassis for the vehicle, a bulk carrying body on the chassis, said body being pivoted by pivot means to one side of the chassis, hydraulic means acting between the body and the chassis on the other side of the chassis, and support means between said body and said chassis in the transport position.
  • FIG. 1 shows an end elevation from the front of the vehicle, the rest position shown in full lines, a partial tip in dash lines, and a full tip in dotted lines.
  • FIG. 1 (a) shows a section of the chassis beam in plan and
  • FIG. 2 shows a side elevation of the vehicle.
  • the body 1 is of simple one piece construction being of high strength and light weight. This type of construction makes the body suitable for construction from lightweight materials such as aluminium as well as steel, plastics and composites. A major weight and cost saving is achieved by the elimination of the door, hinges and associated hydraulic mechanism which would otherwise be required.
  • the one piece construction and rounded shape of the body makes it rigid enough to be self-supporting when loaded thus allowing the use of a lighter chassis section than would normally be possible.
  • a further advantage of the self-supporting body is that the hoists 2 for tipping can be mounted externally on the end of the body eliminating the need for hoist towers protruding into the load space.
  • Another major advantage of the rounded shape 14 of the body is the tipping action. By building a straight side slope 15 into the tipping side of the body, and then rotating it, the required tipping angle 3 can be achieved to discharge the material over the side of the body.
  • the side slope 15 extends from adjacent the hinge 6 upwardly and outwardly toward the top of the body, and the rounded shape 14 extends from the hinge 6, across the body and up to the top of the body on the opposite side to the side slope 15.
  • the shape also produces a tumbling action in the discharge material which rolls out progressively from the top of the load instead of sliding. This action almost eliminates wear of the body shell.
  • the chassis beam on each side of the vehicle has been designed for use with the semi-trailer use of the invention. It consists of two high tensile flanges 4 supported by a corrugated web section 5.
  • the web section provides for ease of construction with the corrugations holding the beam square during welding and the completed beam being strong and flexible.
  • the hinge 6 fitted to the body is mounted on a spring loaded vertical slide 7. As shown in FIG. 2 there can be three hinges along the side of the body.
  • the sliding action of the hinge allows the load to be lifted off the hinge when the body is resting on the chassis and reapplied to the hinge only during tipping.
  • the hinge action acting only as a locating device while travelling.
  • the body has feet 13 on each side which engage the flanges 4 of the beams, thus supporting the load and this takes the load off the hinges and the hydraulic rams 2 in the rest or transport position. >
  • the hydraulic system uses a single spool, double acting, power beyond valve system which allows trailers to be operated in road train configuration with only one oil supply line running the full length of the road train. If oil pressure is not required at one trailer it is passed on through the valve to the next, and so on.
  • a loop of hose is connected to return the oil supply to the tank via a single return line which runs back the full length of the trailers. This line also returns used oil from each trailer when the hoists are operated.
  • the body once emptied is retrieved by reversing the control valve which then applies pressure to the return side of the hoists. Once the second side is fully retracted the body is again over balance point and will return under its own weight.
  • the skid plate 9 tends to lift away from the quick release turntable 10 on the opposite side to the tipping side when tipping resulting in damage to the king pin and turntable jaws. To overcome this 5. problem a permanently mounted ball-race turntable may be used, or if a quick release facility is required a unique locking system has been designed to relieve the- lifting load on the turntable.
  • This device consists of an arrangement 11' mounted to the turntable base which engages a semi-circular attachment 12 welded under the skid plate locking down the side subject to 0 lifting thus preventing damage to the king pin or jaws.
  • the hook has sufficient clearance to freely engage when the turntable is coupled and tracks around the upper attachment when slewing.

Abstract

A side tipping bulk carrying vehicle, the body (1) having a hinge (6) at one side and hydraulic rams (2) on the other side. The rams (2) are two stage, the first stage being single acting and the second stage being double acting. The body is supported on feet (13) so that the hinge (6) and rams (2) do not take the load in the rest position.

Description

SIDE TIPPER SUPPORT SYSTEM
This invention relates to a side tipper support system for bulk carrying vehicles, more particularly to a bulk trailer or semi-trailer in which the trailer body is tilted sideways to discharge the bulk material, the trailer body preferably being a doorless side-tipping body.
The vehicle system as described herein is suitable for handling many types of loose bulk materials including sand, coil, mineral ores and rocks, in any situation where the material can be unloaded by tipping sideways from the vehicle.
The vehicle may vary from small trailers, body trucks or semi-trailers through to rail cars or heavy off-road vehicles as used on mining sites.
For the purpose of this description the system is referred to generally as being fitted to a semi-trailer, but can be applied to trailed vehicles, such as in what are commonly termed 'road trains'.
Description of the Prior Art
U.K. Patent 2106049 shows a tipping vehicle in which the body may be tipped in any one of three directions with releasable latch means to allow the desired tipping.
SU1230887 shows a tipping and lifting arrangement where the bin can be lifted from the vehicle and placed on the ground, or can be moved sideways from the vehicle and then tipped to empty.
Brief Statement of the Invention
There is provided according to the invention a side tipper support system for a side tipping bulk transport vehicle, said system comprising a chassis for the vehicle, a bulk carrying body on the chassis, said body being pivoted by pivot means to one side of the chassis, hydraulic means acting between the body and the chassis on the other side of the chassis, and support means between said body and said chassis in the transport position.
Brief Description of the Drawings
FIG. 1 shows an end elevation from the front of the vehicle, the rest position shown in full lines, a partial tip in dash lines, and a full tip in dotted lines. FIG. 1 (a) shows a section of the chassis beam in plan and FIG. 2 shows a side elevation of the vehicle.
Description of the Preferred Embodiment
The body 1 is of simple one piece construction being of high strength and light weight. This type of construction makes the body suitable for construction from lightweight materials such as aluminium as well as steel, plastics and composites. A major weight and cost saving is achieved by the elimination of the door, hinges and associated hydraulic mechanism which would otherwise be required.
The one piece construction and rounded shape of the body makes it rigid enough to be self-supporting when loaded thus allowing the use of a lighter chassis section than would normally be possible. A further advantage of the self-supporting body is that the hoists 2 for tipping can be mounted externally on the end of the body eliminating the need for hoist towers protruding into the load space. Another major advantage of the rounded shape 14 of the body is the tipping action. By building a straight side slope 15 into the tipping side of the body, and then rotating it, the required tipping angle 3 can be achieved to discharge the material over the side of the body. The side slope 15 extends from adjacent the hinge 6 upwardly and outwardly toward the top of the body, and the rounded shape 14 extends from the hinge 6, across the body and up to the top of the body on the opposite side to the side slope 15. The shape also produces a tumbling action in the discharge material which rolls out progressively from the top of the load instead of sliding. This action almost eliminates wear of the body shell. The chassis beam on each side of the vehicle has been designed for use with the semi-trailer use of the invention. It consists of two high tensile flanges 4 supported by a corrugated web section 5. The web section provides for ease of construction with the corrugations holding the beam square during welding and the completed beam being strong and flexible.
The hinge 6 fitted to the body is mounted on a spring loaded vertical slide 7. As shown in FIG. 2 there can be three hinges along the side of the body. The sliding action of the hinge allows the load to be lifted off the hinge when the body is resting on the chassis and reapplied to the hinge only during tipping. The hinge action acting only as a locating device while travelling. The body has feet 13 on each side which engage the flanges 4 of the beams, thus supporting the load and this takes the load off the hinges and the hydraulic rams 2 in the rest or transport position. >
The hydraulic system uses a single spool, double acting, power beyond valve system which allows trailers to be operated in road train configuration with only one oil supply line running the full length of the road train. If oil pressure is not required at one trailer it is passed on through the valve to the next, and so on. At the rear trailer a loop of hose is connected to return the oil supply to the tank via a single return line which runs back the full length of the trailers. This line also returns used oil from each trailer when the hoists are operated.
When a control valve is operated, usually by remote air or electric control, the oil is diverted to the hoists of that trailer. The first stage of the hoists is single acting and simply lifts the body, the second stage is double acting and comes into action at position 8 before the body reaches balance point. The counter balance valve fitted to the return port of the control valve works with the second stage. This valve prevents oil exiting the return stage of the hoist unless there is positive pressure in the lift stage. The system prevents the hoist from extending out of control once the loaded passes balance point.
The body once emptied is retrieved by reversing the control valve which then applies pressure to the return side of the hoists. Once the second side is fully retracted the body is again over balance point and will return under its own weight. For side tipping semi-trailers the skid plate 9 tends to lift away from the quick release turntable 10 on the opposite side to the tipping side when tipping resulting in damage to the king pin and turntable jaws. To overcome this 5. problem a permanently mounted ball-race turntable may be used, or if a quick release facility is required a unique locking system has been designed to relieve the- lifting load on the turntable. This device consists of an arrangement 11' mounted to the turntable base which engages a semi-circular attachment 12 welded under the skid plate locking down the side subject to 0 lifting thus preventing damage to the king pin or jaws. The hook has sufficient clearance to freely engage when the turntable is coupled and tracks around the upper attachment when slewing.
By fitting hinges on both sides of the symmetrical body and mounting slightly 5 larger hoists centrally tipping to either side can be achieved simply by disengaging the hinge pins on the side to be lifted.
AlthoughOne form of the invention has been described in some detail it is to be realised that .the invention is not to be limited thereto but can include various 0 modifications falling within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims

C L.ftlM b
1. A side tipper support system for a side-tipping bulk transport vehicle, said system comprising a chassis for the vehicle, a bulk carrying body on the chassis, said bulk carrying body being pivoted by pivot means on one side of the chassis of the vehicle, hydraulic means acting between the bulk carrying body and said chassis on the other side of said chassis and support means between said body and said chassis to support said body in the transport position.
2. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 1 wherein the body is a doorless side tipper body.
3. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 2 wherein the body on the pivot side has a side slope extending upwardly and outwardly toward the top of the body from the pivot means, and has a rounded shape extending from the pivot means across the body and upwardly to the top of the body on the opposite side to the said side slope.
4. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 1 wherein the body has support feet on each side to engage a respective chassis beam on each side to support the load and the body in the rest or transport position.
5. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 4 wherein the pivot means comprises a plurality of hinges along the tipping side of the body, each hinge connected to a spring loaded slide so that when in the rest or transport position the load is carried by the feet, but in tipping the hinge supports the load.
6. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 1 wherein said hydraulic means includes a two stage hydraulic ram at each end of the body exteriorly thereof.
7. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 6. wherein each hydraulic ram comprises a single acting first stage and a double acting second stage, and control means to activate said second stage only when the first stage is fully extended.
8. A side tipper support system as defined in claim 1 wherein said chassis includes a pair of spaced longitudinal chassis beams, each beam comprising a bottom plate, a top plate, a vertical corrugated web connecting said plates.
PCT/AU1988/000376 1987-09-24 1988-09-23 Side tipper support system WO1989002838A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU25404/88A AU617709B2 (en) 1987-09-24 1988-09-23 Side tipper support system
IN811/CAL/88A IN170804B (en) 1987-09-24 1988-09-30

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPI458987 1987-09-24
AUPI4589 1987-09-24
CA000578909A CA1327829C (en) 1987-09-24 1988-09-28 Side tipper support system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1989002838A1 true WO1989002838A1 (en) 1989-04-06

Family

ID=25643364

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/AU1988/000376 WO1989002838A1 (en) 1987-09-24 1988-09-23 Side tipper support system

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CA (1) CA1327829C (en)
WO (1) WO1989002838A1 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1991000195A1 (en) * 1989-06-29 1991-01-10 Bernd Ostermeyer Flexible bowl tip truck
US5845971A (en) * 1997-03-25 1998-12-08 Circle R, Inc. Side dump trailer
US5906417A (en) * 1997-06-13 1999-05-25 Golden; Randy Bidirectional side dump trailer with pin and sleeve pivotable support connectors
US6056368A (en) * 1999-02-02 2000-05-02 Circle R, Inc. Side dump body having an increased carrying capacity
US6089670A (en) * 1999-02-10 2000-07-18 Ralph R. Rogers Detachable side dump body
CN1090574C (en) * 1996-02-28 2002-09-11 联合奥斯特迈耶工程有限公司 Improved side tipping vehicle
US6626498B1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2003-09-30 Bernd Ostermeyer Side-discharge tipper vehicle with side wall flexibly connected to the main body
CN105235695A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-01-13 太原轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Novel self-dumping car with axle load of 27t

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2194068A (en) * 1938-05-06 1940-03-19 Heil Co Side dump vehicle
GB996873A (en) * 1963-04-18 1965-06-30 Leslie Basil Thwaites Tipping mechanism and vehicle provided therewith
US3316019A (en) * 1965-03-29 1967-04-25 Flowers Fred Fort Laterally tiltable dump vehicle
DE2444087A1 (en) * 1974-09-14 1976-03-25 Ernst Weichel SPREADER
AU6685081A (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-08-13 Clarence Wayne Bailey Side dumping trailer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2194068A (en) * 1938-05-06 1940-03-19 Heil Co Side dump vehicle
GB996873A (en) * 1963-04-18 1965-06-30 Leslie Basil Thwaites Tipping mechanism and vehicle provided therewith
US3316019A (en) * 1965-03-29 1967-04-25 Flowers Fred Fort Laterally tiltable dump vehicle
DE2444087A1 (en) * 1974-09-14 1976-03-25 Ernst Weichel SPREADER
AU6685081A (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-08-13 Clarence Wayne Bailey Side dumping trailer

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1991000195A1 (en) * 1989-06-29 1991-01-10 Bernd Ostermeyer Flexible bowl tip truck
US5265940A (en) * 1989-06-29 1993-11-30 Bernd Ostermeyer Flexible bowl tip truck
CN1090574C (en) * 1996-02-28 2002-09-11 联合奥斯特迈耶工程有限公司 Improved side tipping vehicle
US5845971A (en) * 1997-03-25 1998-12-08 Circle R, Inc. Side dump trailer
US5906417A (en) * 1997-06-13 1999-05-25 Golden; Randy Bidirectional side dump trailer with pin and sleeve pivotable support connectors
US6056368A (en) * 1999-02-02 2000-05-02 Circle R, Inc. Side dump body having an increased carrying capacity
US6089670A (en) * 1999-02-10 2000-07-18 Ralph R. Rogers Detachable side dump body
US6626498B1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2003-09-30 Bernd Ostermeyer Side-discharge tipper vehicle with side wall flexibly connected to the main body
CN105235695A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-01-13 太原轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Novel self-dumping car with axle load of 27t

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA1327829C (en) 1994-03-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3934740A (en) Transport vehicle with tiltable chassis
US4647270A (en) Transporting unit for trucks and the like
US5203668A (en) Apparatus for loading and unloading of a container structure or other loads with respect to a truck body or trailer
US5967733A (en) Hydraulic tilt trailer
US5051046A (en) Semi trailer convertible for hauling automobiles
US20100215466A1 (en) Loading and Unloading Arrangement for a Vehicle
CA1209537A (en) Load hauling tandem combination
US4740132A (en) Device for handling containers
US4958978A (en) Articulated dumping vehicle
US6669433B1 (en) Device for handling containers for road transport
CA1327829C (en) Side tipper support system
US3520430A (en) Loading and hauling apparatus
US9381846B2 (en) Haul bodies and related apparatus
US3075479A (en) Railway car for freight trucks and the like
US2878033A (en) Gooseneck drawbar
NL2004268A (en) Trailer for the transportation by road of containers.
WO1985003481A1 (en) Self loading system
US3198363A (en) Skip hauler for truck and railway transportation
US3874526A (en) Self-unloading ground vehicle
AU617709B2 (en) Side tipper support system
US1557195A (en) Truck
US6135540A (en) Material handling trailer system
GB2145995A (en) Trailer
US3043458A (en) Vehicle for towing and transporting loads
RU68429U1 (en) SEMITRAILER

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT AU BB BG BR CH DE DK FI GB HU JP KP KR LK LU MC MG MW NL NO RO SD SE SU US

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE BJ CF CG CH CM DE FR GA GB IT LU ML MR NL SE SN TD TG

REG Reference to national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8642