WO1986005103A1 - A wire-guide intended to be inserted into body-ducts - Google Patents

A wire-guide intended to be inserted into body-ducts

Info

Publication number
WO1986005103A1
WO1986005103A1 PCT/SE1986/000090 SE8600090W WO1986005103A1 WO 1986005103 A1 WO1986005103 A1 WO 1986005103A1 SE 8600090 W SE8600090 W SE 8600090W WO 1986005103 A1 WO1986005103 A1 WO 1986005103A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
guide
wire
catheter
nose
metal
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE1986/000090
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Per Thomas ENGSTRÖM
Original Assignee
Radiplast Ab
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/09Guide wires
    • A61M25/09016Guide wires with mandrils
    • A61M25/09033Guide wires with mandrils with fixed mandrils, e.g. mandrils fixed to tip; Tensionable wires
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/09Guide wires
    • A61M2025/09175Guide wires having specific characteristics at the distal tip
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0108Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning using radio-opaque or ultrasound markers

Abstract

A wire-like guide intended for insertion in body ducts, such as blood vessels, urinal ducts and bile ducts, includes an essentially rotationally stiff metal wire core (1) and a readily flexible guide nose (2) of coil spring wire (2a), which is attached to the metal wire core (1) at the insertion end of the latter, the diameter (D1) of the guide nose (2) being greater than the diameter (D2) of the metal wire core (1).

Description

A wire-guide intended to be inserted into body-ducts .

The present invention relates to a wire-like guide intended to be inserted into body ducts such as blood vessels, urinary ducts and bile ducts, particularly to serve as a guiding means for a catheter which is to be arranged in the body duct. It is often desirable to insert catheters and the like in such as blood vessels, particularly arteries, in order to diagnose and/or localize and/or treat a disease condition therein, e.g. in selective angiography, peripheral angioplasty etc. As an example may be mentioned the introduction of so-called balloon catheters for treating stenoses (vascular strictures) in arteriosclerosis. Such catheters are provided with an expandable portion (a "balloon") which is placed opposite the stricture. By expanding the balloon portion of the catheter in this position, e.g. by injecting a liquid, the stenosis can be pressed into the vessel wall and the vessel thus expanded. In such a case it is essential that the position of the balloon portion can be exactly determined in relation to the stenosis, which primarily is effected by the injection of an X-ray contrast liquid.

A wire-like guide or guiding means is customarily used for inserting the catheter into the blood-vessel, and the guide means must be sufficiently flexible and controllable for it to follow the often serpentine blood vessel paths. The flexible guide serves as a guiding for the catheter which is normally arranged around the guide. A usual conductor of the kind in question consists of a flexible metal wire surrounded along its entire length by a readily flexible coil wire. The coil wire is attached to the metal wire core at least at the operating end of the guide (the proximal end).

Although this known type of guide often functions well, it has certain disadvantages, however. For example, its guidability is not very good, since the turning movement at the proximal end is not transmitted entirely to the insertion end (the distal end) due to torque absorption in the coil spring along the guide. In addition, due to the implementation of the guide, it is often not possible to inject X-ray contrast liquid into the catheter without first withdrawing the guide, which is an obvious disadvantage.

The present invention has the object of eliminating or mitigating these and other disadvantages of known guides of the kind in question, and it is primarily intended to provide a guide which is extremely easy to guide and maneuver on insertion into body ducts, and which enables injecting contrast liquid into a surrounding catheter while the guide is still in the catheter.

These objects of the invention are achieved by the guide having been given the characterizing features defined in the subsequent claims and explained in detail below.

A salient feature of the guide in accordance with the invention is thus that it includes a substantially rotationally stiff metal wire core which is firmly connected at its insertion end with a readily flexible guide nose of coil spring wire, and that the diameter of the guide nose is greater than the diameter of the metal wire core. The ratio of the diameters of the guide nose and metal wire core is preferably at least 1.2:1, particularly 1.2:1 - 2.5:1, and even more particularly about 1. :1 - 2:1.

These and other objects, advantages and distinguishing features of the invention will be understood more clearly from the following description of some special embodiments, although the invention is not intended to be restricted to them. The description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which

Figure 1 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of an embodiment of a guide in accordance with the invention,

Figure 2 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of a blood vessel, in which a guide according to Figure 1 and a surrounding balloon catheter have been inserted, and

Figure 3 schematically illustrates the inventive guide and a surrounding catheter, in connection with a stenosis.

As will be seen from Figure 1, the inventive guide essentially consists of a rotationally stiff metal wire of the desired length, and a readily flexible guide nose 2, which is attached to the wire 1 at the insertion end of the latter. According to the invention, the guide nose 2 has a greater diameter Dl than the diameter D2 of the wire 1. The diameter ratio D1/D2 is preferably at least about 1.2, particularly 1.2-2.5.

The wire 1 is preferably steel, which has been coated with teflon or other suitable friction-reducing material, and it may have a diameter in the order of magnitude 0.5 mm, for example. The wire length is naturally dependent on the intended use, but is often in the order of magnitude 1-2 m.

The illustrated guide nose 2 is a readily flexible coil spring 2a, which is firmly attached to the wire 1 at 3, e.g. by soldering. The forward end of the coil spring 2a is suitably terminated by a rounded-off tip 2b. In the embodiment illustrated on the drawing, the wire 1 projects a distance into the coil spring 2a and merges into a narrower shapable portion • , which is fastened to the tip 2b. By bending the portion , the guide nose can be given the desired shape, as required. However, this is not a critical distinguishing feature of the invention, and the guide nose may merely consist of the coil spring 2a. Since the metal wire is essentially rotationally stiff, turning movements from its operating end la are transferred effectively to the readily flexible and pliant (but not particularly -rotationally stiff) guide nose 2, which only extends a short distance, e.g. in the order of magnitude 5-10 cm. Compared with other

__ known guides, it will thus be very easy for the operator to maneuver and guide the guide during use. For guiding the wire 1, it may be quite simply bent at the end la, but a suitable aid locked to the wire is preferably used.

Figure 2, illustrating the guide of Figure 1 inserted in a blood vessel 5 having vessel branches 5a, demonstrates another essential advantage, namely 0 that it is possible to inject X-ray contrast liquid (illustrated by the arrows ) via a catheter 6 surrounding the guide without the guide needing to be withdrawn from the catheter. The position of the catheter tip and, in the illustrated case where a balloon catheter is used, the catheter balloon 6a (which is only schematically illustrated) may be localized with the use of radioscopy. 5 Injection with contrast liquid with the guide remaining in the catheter 6 is enabled in accordance with the invention by the wire part 1 having a small diameter relative the guide nose 2 and the catheter 6. To enable the contrast liquid to be injected effectively, it must however be ensured that the entire

- guide nose 2 has been pushed out in front of the catheter end, i.e. as illustrated 0 in Figure 2. •

Figure 3 schematically illustrates how a guide in accordance with the invention can be used in treating a stenosis 7. The guide has in this case been moved completely past the stricture 7 in the blood vessel 5, and the coil spring nose 2 has been moved entirely outside the end of the catheter 6. By the 5 injection of contrast medium (the arrow K) it has been ensured by X-ray diagnostics that the balloon portion 6a of the catheter 6 is opposite the stenosis 7. The illustrated catheter has a separate duct 6b, via which suitable liquid can be injected (the arrow B) for expanding the balloon 6a and pressing back the stricture. 0 In this application, the inventive guide affords the advantage that it will be easier to pass the stenosis 7 with the catheter 6 if the entire guide nose is first taken through and past the stenosis, so that only the narrow wire 1 is at the same level as the stenosis 7.

The invention is, of course, not intended to be restricted to the embodi- 5 ments specially described above, and illustrated on the drawing, there being many modifications and variations possible within the scope of the following claims. Although the use of the guide has been illustrated in conjunction with blood vessels and balloon catheters, it should thus not be understood as restricted to this particular field of use.

Claims

1. A wire-like guide intended for insertion in body ducts such as blood vessels, urinal ducts and bile ducts, characterized in that it includes an essentially rotationally stiff metal wire core (1) and a readily flexible guide nose (2) from coil spring wire (2a) which is fixedly joined to the metal wire core (1) at the insertion end of the latter, and that the diameter (Dl) of the guide nose (2) is greater than the diameter (D2) of the metal wire core (1).
2. " A guide as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the ratio (D1/D2) between the diameters of the guide nose (2) and metal wire core is at least 1.2:1, particularly about 1.2:1 - 2.5:1, and especially about IΛil - 2:1.
3. A guide as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the metal wire core consists of a solid metal wire, which is coated with a friction-reducing material such as teflon.
4. A guide as claimed in any one of claims 1 tσ 3, characterized in that the end of the metal wire core (1) remote from the guide nose (2) is provided with an operating means for facilitating turning the metal wire.
5. A guide as claimed in any one of claims 1 to for use in selective angiography or peripheral angioplasty.
PCT/SE1986/000090 1985-03-04 1986-03-03 A wire-guide intended to be inserted into body-ducts WO1986005103A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE8501048 1985-03-04
SE8501048-6 1985-03-04

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1986005103A1 true true WO1986005103A1 (en) 1986-09-12

Family

ID=20359351

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SE1986/000090 WO1986005103A1 (en) 1985-03-04 1986-03-03 A wire-guide intended to be inserted into body-ducts

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0214270A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1986005103A1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3914800A1 (en) * 1989-05-05 1990-11-08 Sterimed Gmbh Dilating small blood vessels - involves probe with olive-shaped end guided by catheter tube
US5036860A (en) * 1989-11-24 1991-08-06 Medical Device Technologies, Inc. Disposable soft tissue biopsy apparatus
FR2684305A1 (en) * 1991-11-29 1993-06-04 Ela Medical Sa Mandril for endocardiac probe (lead)
EP0556316A1 (en) * 1990-11-09 1993-08-25 Boston Scient Corp Guidewire for crossing occlusions in blood vessels.
WO1994019046A1 (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-09-01 Leif Nilsson A catheter comprised of or including electrically conductive synthetic material
EP0812146A1 (en) * 1995-01-31 1997-12-17 Microvena Corporation Guidewire having bimetallic coil
WO2007092323A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-16 Sutura, Inc. Reverse tapered guidewire and method of use

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1491851A1 (en) * 1965-12-07 1970-04-16 Us Cahteter & Instr Corp Spring Drahtwendelfuehrung
GB1304231A (en) * 1970-07-29 1973-01-24
EP0132387A2 (en) * 1983-07-21 1985-01-30 Cook Incorporated Catheter wire guide with movable mandril

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1491851A1 (en) * 1965-12-07 1970-04-16 Us Cahteter & Instr Corp Spring Drahtwendelfuehrung
GB1304231A (en) * 1970-07-29 1973-01-24
EP0132387A2 (en) * 1983-07-21 1985-01-30 Cook Incorporated Catheter wire guide with movable mandril

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3914800A1 (en) * 1989-05-05 1990-11-08 Sterimed Gmbh Dilating small blood vessels - involves probe with olive-shaped end guided by catheter tube
US5036860A (en) * 1989-11-24 1991-08-06 Medical Device Technologies, Inc. Disposable soft tissue biopsy apparatus
EP0556316A1 (en) * 1990-11-09 1993-08-25 Boston Scient Corp Guidewire for crossing occlusions in blood vessels.
EP0556316A4 (en) * 1990-11-09 1993-09-15 Boston Scientific Corporation Guidewire for crossing occlusions in blood vessels
US5303714A (en) * 1990-11-09 1994-04-19 Boston Scientific Corporation Guidewire for crossing occlusions in blood vessels
US5385152A (en) * 1990-11-09 1995-01-31 Boston Scientific Corporation Guidewire for crossing occlusions in blood vessels
FR2684305A1 (en) * 1991-11-29 1993-06-04 Ela Medical Sa Mandril for endocardiac probe (lead)
WO1994019046A1 (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-09-01 Leif Nilsson A catheter comprised of or including electrically conductive synthetic material
US5707367A (en) * 1993-02-26 1998-01-13 Nilsson; Leif Catheter comprised of or including electrically conductive synthetic material
EP0812146A1 (en) * 1995-01-31 1997-12-17 Microvena Corporation Guidewire having bimetallic coil
EP0812146A4 (en) * 1995-01-31 1999-11-03 Microvena Corp Guidewire having bimetallic coil
WO2007092323A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-16 Sutura, Inc. Reverse tapered guidewire and method of use

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0214270A1 (en) 1987-03-18 application

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