USRE9910E - emerson - Google Patents

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Publication number
USRE9910E US RE9910 E USRE9910 E US RE9910E
United States
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George E. Emerson
Original Assignee
by mesne assignments
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Asslgnor, by masn assignments, of one-half to J. Enmmcn and A. BURB. DATING, OANGELING, AND OTHER STAM'PS.
1). 9,910. "Reissued Oct. 25,1881.
' 3 SheetsSheet 2.
Assignor, by mesne assignments, of one-half to J. Emzmcn and A. Bum
- Reissued Oct. 25,1881.
3 Sheets-Sheet 3'.
Aasignor, by mesnqaz signments, of one-halite J. EIERIGH and A. Bunn.
No. 9.910. 'Reissued Oct. 25,1881".
chosen E. EMERSON, orsnu 'rRnncrseo, CALIFORNIA, assreuon, BY
srlou'rca'rlon forming art of masterm- Patent 80,13,910, dated October as, 1881.
. clear, and exaet'description thereof.
I Figure 1 is a view of my invention. Fig. 2 is v Original No. 924,666. dated February H, 1880.
To an whom itmcy concern I Be it known that I,- Gnonen E. Enmnsou, of the city and county of San Francisco, and State of California, have ipvented an Improvement in Dating, Canceling, and other Stamps; and I hereby declare the following to be a full,
My invention relates to' certain improvements in'that class of stamps which are emplayed for marking, dating, canceling, or otherwise impressing various documents, and at the same timeindicating the hour and minute at which such impression is made; and it consists of the ordinary horizontal fixed die having the usual oflicial marks, letters or figures u nit, and within this'die a clue or timed al, forminga part oi or pcrmanently fixed within it upon't'he bed-plate ot the stamp. In combination with. this stationary die I employ two indicators, hands, or pointers,which are moved by a clock or timing mechanism lie-- heath, so as to mark by the dial the hour and minute at which the impression is made withoilt the use of any antennatically-moving dial or other mechanism. f I
My invention further: relates to a novel means of moving the imiicating-pointer by a direct vertical connection with elcck-movcment,while the latter is at the same time relieved from all the effects otcencussion by the blows oi the stamp. In combination with this mechanism I employ a peculiar meridian-disk, by which the ante and post meridian divisions of time are indicated, and also a cylindrical die rotating at right angles with the horizontal die, and having the words Canceled, Received," Audited, &c., formed upon it. This 'cylindrical. die is provided with an adjusting and locking device, by which any desired word or character upon it may be instantly brought uppermost and locked in position for use. he letters and figures of the date are titted intoa dovetailed slide, which is easily introduced-to or removed from 'the bed-plate when the date is to be altered.
Referring to the accompanying drawings for a more complete explanation of my invention,
a ion tudinal section. Figs. 3, 4, and 5 are detai s of construction. v J
. hollow clock-containingease A,
Application for reissue tiled November is, 1880.
Various attempts have been made to com blue a timing and stamping apparatus in one machine; but this hitherto has been efiected bya mnlti and merid n-wheels, which necessitated complicated gearing and intermediate mechanism,
to connect it with a more or less distant clockmovement, so as to protect the latter from injury, and also in devices for restoring lost motion in the moving dials, all of which have had the efiect to render the apparatus exceedingly delicate,easilyderanged, and untittcd for practical use. i
In my" invention I employ the ordinary stamp having a bed-plate provided with fixed oflicial and dial dies, dating letters and figures,
meridian-disk, and such other words as may a be desired, and a combination with these of.
two hands or pointers connected directly with a simple clock mechanism situated directly beneath the dials and hands.
The frame at the stamp is formed with a cavity to receive the clock mechanism, and has the usual hinged or other stamping-arm and impression-pad and the inking-ribbon with its feeding-pawls and ratchet.
licity of automatically movingdials' The base of my stamp consists oi a hollow} forming an inverted cup, as shown at portion,
A, to contain the timing mechanism, and a foot, 13, which is united to the part A by an arch or connecting portion, U.
The impression-pad l) is mounted in the free end'oi the arm or lever 1' so as to have a universal movement to adjust its face, so as to tit the die or type in the usual manner. The arm E is hinged at the rear to the top of the arch O, in the usual form of this class of stamps, and the impression-pad is held up and withdrawn after each impression by means of a spiral or other spring, as shown. Tlieinkingribbon F passes around rollers situated within the frame at each side of the bed-plate, and is moved over the die, being actuated at each the ratchet-wheel G and the double pawls H, in the usual manner, these parts having nothingrin them novel.
be bed-plate H and upon this plate is formed the name of'the bank, oliloe,
movement of the impression-pad lever E by is secured to the top of the or place of business, together with the figures or characters of a clock-dial, from 1 to 12, as
vat I J. These letters and figures are fixed to or form a part of the. plate H, so that they are permanent, while within the innercircle are fitted two concentric movable stems or disks,
K L,-each of which carries a suitable pointer or indicator upon its surface, inthe manner of a clock-face; and in this construction of solid to receiving letters and figures combined with the movable indicator-pointers lies the principal merit of my machine, asJ-am thus enabled to i provide a stamp of equal solidity with the ordinary dating or canceling stamp, and haviug but few exterior moving parts.
The minute-hand m is in the form of a raised arrow or pointer upon the upper surface of the disk or stem L, which extends down through the bed-plate H into the case to connect with an the clock-work or time mechanism. The hourhand is in the form of an arrow-head or indicating-point, a, and it is raised above the snr-I face of the ring or annulus forming the head of the outer stem, K. This outer stemis a cylindrical sleeve, which surrounds the stem L, and has an independent connection with the clock mechanism, as will be more fully described hereinafter. Y
The clock mechanism isof any ordinary sim- 3o ple form of escapement, and is secured to a plate, Q, which may easily be introduced to or removed from the case A. The spindle 0,
, which actuates the minute-hand, has its upper' end'flattened, and the lower end of the stem 3 5 L is formed with a long slot, which will fitover the flattened end of the spindle, so that the. stem will be turned by it, and thus actuate the indicator m upon its upper surface. The,
sleeve K, carrying thejour-hand, has two studs, p p, projecting downward from its lower end, and these studs fit into corresponding slots in a disk, q, driven at the proper rate by the clock mechanism. This sleeve surrounds the spindle O, and the two indicators are thus driven directly from the timing mechanism without the intervention of levers or other intermediate connecting-gear. The movement and action of the clutches being in line verti cally withtheir connecting-spindle and sleeve, it will be seen that while the pointers will be continuously rotated by the timing mechanism no blow upon or vertical motion of the indicator-stems can in any way be communicated to the mechanism below.
In order to sustain the indicators against the blows of the pad necessary to imprint the stamp and hold them at all times on a level with the stationary words and figures on the plate H, and also to prevent such action from 'ng in any way detrimental to the timing mechanism, I countersink the bed-plate H from its upper surface, so as to .form a seat with a square shoulder, 17, into which the aunulus or disk carrying the hour-indicator fits.
This depression supports the flange of thedisk,
so that it is as solid to resist the blows of the pad as the plate H itself. The inner stem, which carries the minute hand or indicator, has an enlarged disk or head, which fits into a depression in the head of the sleeve K, carrying the hour-hand, and a similar shoulder, S, in this depression supports the stem, so that any blow or concussion upon it will be supported and resisted in a vertical line with and by the shoulder r in the. outer plate, H. A groove is formed around the inner stem, L, and a pin or screw fits this groove andprevents its being withdrawn, while permitting its free r0- tation. The outer sleeve, K, is similarly as cured within the bed-plate H, as shown. At
ters or figures is the letter M, while at the other side Hit a small disk, Z, which may be rotated horizontally in its seat. Upon one side ofthe face of this disk is the letter A, and on the opposite side the letter P. This is so placed that only one of these letters will lie beneath the inking-ribbon and impression-pad at one time. This enables me to turn the disk. s.) as to use the letters A and P, respectively, with the permanent letter M, and thus indicate morning and afternoon.
The dating letters and figures are fitted into a dovetailed slide, R, which fits a similar slot or groove in the bed-platejnst in front of the dial. A spring, T, is secured to the side of the slide, and by its elastic tension holds the slide in place, and steadies it w'ithoutother fastening. The day, year, and month are formed so as to be easily removed or replaced in theslide,so as tobechanged with but little trouble. The front part of the bed-plate H is formed with two extensions or arms, U,which serve as journal-boxes, between which the cylinder V revolves. This cylinder has the raised letters, words, figures, or characters formed upon .itB side, as may he demanded by the especial business in which the stamp is to be used,
inder'will be held firmly with whichever charactor or word may be desired uppermost. -In
order to make a rapid adjustment the opposite round journal W is made long enough to allow the whole cylinder to be pushed along in that direction until the polygonal bearing is out of its seatand the succeedingrouud portiongwhich is somewhat smaller) has entered it. This then allows the cylinder to be rotated until the desired word is uppermost,when the spiral spring X will force the angular. bearing back into its so that when this polygonal w be employed, the gears and pinions actuating sooketorbearin gand hoiditthere. This gives me. a firmly-supported and at the same time easil mi; nding-key a for the clock mechanism is permanently attached and projects through the'platc Q, so as to be easily reached and operated. The milled head b also extends through i the plate,
that they may be easily set when desired. The ttor d is also operated fromthe same ohronometrio stamp, suitable for any use, and especially valuable in such poaitionaas the oflioes ot train-dispatchers, where the time must be accurately taken. It contains the fewest possible moving parts, and by the employment of the fixed dials with moving ntersorindioators animprintis given which s a tho-simile of o'clock-dial, and is much more easil and correctly read .than if a number of con anally-changing dials were employed.
It will be manifest that in order to have the movement of the hands or indicators corre-, spend with the face of a dial and type which will make a correct imprint, the movement of these bands must be reversed, and they must turn to the left instead of to the right. This may be done either by a specially constructed movement, or, it an ordinary clock-movement the hands and the spindle for the same must r be moved around,
he placed upon the opposite side of the frame from their ordinary position. In the present case the spindle 0 which actnates the minutehand, passes freely through the hub ofits driving-gear .aud pinion, and is driven by frictional pressure of elastic washers, which are held against the hub by a pin passing through the spindle, and the'milled head b being secured to the lower end of the spindle, the latter may be turned at any time to adjust the hands without afl'ecting the clock-movement.
The disk (1, which drives the hour-hand, turns 4s freely upon the spindle 0, and, witlr its gearwheel,hasa certain-amountot longitudinal motion upon it without aii'ecting its rotary movemeats, thus ailowingof an adjustment between it and the lugs p of the sleeve K, which it drives. :The hub of this disk q rests upon a convex elastic plate, a, which is held down npon the side of the goar-wheel,so as to be driven by it, but at the same time to allow th'c'disk to sons to adjust the hourhiind independent y ot-the minute-hand when necessary for regulating its position.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is- 1 a 1. The combination, substantially as hereinbefore set forth, of a stationary stereotyped representation of a time-dial, a type on; character representing a pointer movable concoutricail within said dial, a time-train for moving said pointer, a platen for simultaneously acted series of words or characters.
and is connected with the hands, so
pparatua thnsprovides a strong and durable stantially as herein described.
taking an impression of said dial and its pointer,
and a vertically-yielding connection between or words, and having at one end a cylindrical bearin g and at the otberabearin g with'a polygonal section, W, in combination with the arms U U, one of which has anopening correspondingto journal-section W, substantially as herein described, and ,for the purpose set forth.
4. The clock mechanism situated within the case A, directly beneath the sta n p, and having the hour and minute disk q and spindle 0,.as.
shown, in combination with the hands or inter stems K L, standing in a line above as to be rotated, while having a free vertical movement, substantially as herein described.
'5. The stem L, carrying the minute-hand,
and having its lower end slotted, as shown, and the sleeve K, carrying the hour-hand and having the lugs put its lower end,in com inaand the spring X,
said disk and spindle, and so united to them tion with the spindle 0, having a flattened end, and the slotted disk q of the clock mechanism, whereby a direct vertical connection is made to drive-the index-hands without con veying the concussions of the impressio'n -pad to the clock mechanism, substantially as hereindescribed. f
6. In a stamp consisting of a cylinder or body, V, having the ruised'charactei's, figures,
orwordsnpon two or more sides, andadaptcd.
to receive a blow from an impression-pad, so as toimpiint the characters upon adocument, the polygonal journal W, having its sides "corresponding with'the characters',npon the body and fitting iutoasimilarly-shapedsocket in the bearing-arm, the. elongated cylindrical journal \V, spring X, and the indicating cylinder-extension tot-he journal, having characters corresponding with those upon the stamp,
whereby its adjustment maybe secured, snb- 7. In a chronometrio stamp having a clock mechanismv adapted to drive the movable index-hands or pointers .by a loose direct conuection, as shown, the immovable iettcrs,characters, or dials forming a partjot or fixed to the bed-plate in line above the clock inechanisin and case, and concentric with its driving-spindle, in combination with an impression pad, whereby the time otan' impression may be indicated upon a document, substantially as herein described.
8. Ina chronometric 'stamp havinga'clock mechanism adopted to drive a movabl'o index E; to: supporting and actuating the apt.- hand or bands,afixed bed-plane with immova-- aion-pad,'when tho wholo are cognbinod Inbble dials or characters and auimpresa'ion-pad, 'atantially as herein described. as shown, the hollow ciock-oon'tainingoaso A, GEO. E. EMERSON. 5 forming a support for or part of the bed-plate Witnespes: v
-and dials, and in liuedirectly below the some, A. H..Evms,- the foot. B, the connecting-arch 0, and the arm J80. L. OQIIDRON.



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