USRE45441E1 - Hand crank generator - Google Patents

Hand crank generator Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE45441E1
USRE45441E1 US13/476,193 US201213476193A USRE45441E US RE45441 E1 USRE45441 E1 US RE45441E1 US 201213476193 A US201213476193 A US 201213476193A US RE45441 E USRE45441 E US RE45441E
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United States
Prior art keywords
gear
transmission
generator
clutch
double
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Active
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US13/476,193
Inventor
Jen Hao Dai
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Jen Hao Dai
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Publication date
Priority to TW096201562U priority Critical patent/TWM318070U/en
Priority to TW96201562U priority
Priority to US11/968,639 priority patent/US7723880B2/en
Application filed by Jen Hao Dai filed Critical Jen Hao Dai
Priority to US13/476,193 priority patent/USRE45441E1/en
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Publication of USRE45441E1 publication Critical patent/USRE45441E1/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. turbine
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1861Rotary generators driven by animals or vehicles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/10Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G5/00Devices for producing mechanical power from muscle energy
    • F03G5/06Devices for producing mechanical power from muscle energy other than of endless-walk type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/10Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters
    • H02K7/116Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters with gears
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19219Interchangeably locked
    • Y10T74/19358Laterally slidable gears
    • Y10T74/19367Swinging carriage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19614Disconnecting means

Abstract

A hand crank generator includes a crank, a gear transmission, and a generation motor generator driven by the gear transmission. The crank and the gear transmission are coupled to each other. A clutch gear is coupled between the crank and the gear transmission. The crank is manually driven to further drive the gear transmission, and the generation motor generator is driven to generate electric current through the clutch gear. When the cranking stops, the clutch gear disengages from a motor generator gear disposed on the generation motor generator. A weighted wheel continues to revolve under inertia for a while to drive the generation motor generator to keep on generating electric current, so that the purpose of saving manual efforts can be achieved.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This application claims priority from Taiwanese patent application 96201562 U, filed Jan. 26, 2007.

(a) Field of the Invention

The present invention is related to a hand crank generator, and more particularly, to one that is applied in small sized electric appliances.

(b) Description of the Prior Art

Small size electric appliances, e.g., flashlights, battery chargers, are indispensable in our daily life; however, so far all these small sized electric appliances must use batteries or connection to a power source to operate. Though those battery dependent products permit easy portability and convenient use, battery must be continuously replaced or recharged due to the limited storage capacity of the battery. As a result, these electric appliances are not necessarily always readily available; and that could be a problem particularly for those who spend much time on the road. To correct this problem, a hand crank generator is introduced into the market.

Conventional hand crank generator operates generators operate by cranking to drive gears to rotate, and those gears in turn directly drives drive the generator. Once the cranking stops, the generator also stops generating power. Accordingly, to generate more power, a great effort must be consumed to in exchange for sufficient electric energy.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The primary purpose of the present invention is to provide a hand crank generator that is simple in construction and allows easy operation.

To achieve the purpose, a hand crank generator is essentially comprised of a crank, a gear transmission, and a generation motor generator driven by the gear transmission; the crank and the gear transmission are coupled to each other, and the gear transmission and the generation motor generator are coupled to each other with a clutch gear.

The crank is provided with an arm and a handle; and the handle is disposed to a terminal of the arm.

The clutch gear is connected to a deflection shaft, which in turn is connected to a second shaft disposed in the gear transmission through a connection plate;, and both ends of the deflection shaft are located in a deflection groove.

A motor generator gear is fixed to a central shaft of the generation motor generator and the motor generator gear engages with the clutch gear.

A weighted wheel is further fixed to a terminal of the central shaft of the generation motor generator. With the inherited inertia provided by the weighted wheel, the generation motor generator is capable of continuous revolution for a while when the external force applied on the crank disappears.

The gear transmission includes a first transmission gear, a second double gear, a third double gear, and a fourth double gear; wherein the first transmission gear is fixed to the arm, and the first gear engages with a pinion in the second double gear; a gearwheel of the second double gear engages with a pinion in the third double gear; a gearwheel of the third double gear engages with a pinion in the fourth double gear; and the gearwheel of the fourth double gear engage with the clutch gear. The gear transmission adopts a three-stage acceleration design to increase output revolution speed.

Alternatively, the gear transmission may be comprised of a first revolving gear and a second double gear; wherein the first revolving gear is connected to a shaft and the second double gear is connected to a second shaft; the first revolving gear is fixed to the crank; the first revolving gear engages with a pinion in the second double gear; and a gearwheel of the second double gear engages with the clutch gear.

In the present invention, the crank is driven manually to further drive the gear transmission and then the generation motor generator revolves as driven by the clutch gear to generate electric current. When the manual cranking stops, the clutch gear is disengaged from the motor generator gear on the generation motor generator; however, given with the inertia provided by the weight wheel, the motor generator gear continues to revolve for a while to drive the generation motor generator to keep generating electric current. Accordingly, a user may save lots of efforts effort. Furthermore, the present invention may be connected to an energy accumulator like a battery to become provide another product with for a different application when the present invention is electrically connected to an electricity input end of a light emitting object or other electric electrical appliance through the an energy accumulator like a battery.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing an internal construction of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing a clutch gear and a motor generator gear in the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing a status wherein the clutch gear and the motor generator gear are disengaged from each other in the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing a deflection groove provided to the clutch gear in the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing another preferred embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 for a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a hand crank generator of the present invention is comprised of a crank 1, a gear transmission 2, a generation motor generator 3, a clutch gear 4, and a weighted wheel 5. Wherein, the gear transmission 2 is mounted in a box 6; the crank 1 is connected to an input end of the gear transmission 2 to drive the gear transmission 2; the clutch gear 4 is located at an output end of the gear transmission 2 and engages with a motor generator gear 32 disposed on a central shaft 31 of the generation motor generator 3 to drive the generator for generating electric current; and the crank 1 is provided with an arm 11 and a handle 13 with the handle mounted to one end of the arm 11.

The gear transmission 2 of the preferred embodiment is essentially comprised of a first transmission gear 21, a second double gear 22, a third double gear 23, and a fourth double gear 24. Wherein, the first transmission gear 21 and the third double gear 23 are connected to a shaft 12; the second double gear 22 and the fourth double gear 24 are connected to a second shaft 25; and both of the shaft 12 and the second shaft 25 are secured in place by multiple locating holes disposed on the box 6. The first transmission gear 21 is fixed to the crank 1 for the crank 1 to directly drive the first transmission gear 21 to revolve; the first transmission gear 21 engages with a pinion in the second double gear 22; a gearwheel of the second double gear 22 engages with a pinion in the third double gear 23; a gearwheel of the third double gear 23 engages with a pinion in the fourth double gear 24. The input revolution speed from the crank 1 is increased through the series transmission executed by the gear transmission 2. Finally, a gearwheel of the fourth double gear 24 engages with the clutch gear 4 to further increase the revolution speed. Accordingly, the generation motor generator 3 is driven to produce higher revolution speed for upgrading generation efficiency.

The installation of the clutch gear 4 constitutes the most important feature of the present invention. When an external force is applied to drive the crank 1 to further drive the gear transmission 2 to operate, the clutch gear engages with a motor generator gear 32 disposed on the generation motor generator 3 to drive the generator to generate power; when the external force applied on the crank 1 disappears, the clutch gear 4 disengages from the motor generator gear 32, but the central shaft where the generation motor generator is located continues to revolve for power generation for a while due to the inertia from the weighted wheel even when the crank 1 stops. Therefore the generation motor generator 3 continues to operate for a while when the crank 1 stops operating.

Now referring to FIGS. 3, 4, and 5, the clutch gear 4 connected to a deflection shaft 41, which is connected to the second shaft 25 in the gear transmission 2 through a connection plate while the clutch gear 4 engages with the gearwheel of the fourth double gear 24. Furthermore, the connection plate 42 holds the clutch gear 4 firmly in position to prevent its axial angle from deflection. To limit the deflection angle of the clutch gear 4, both ends of the deflection shaft 41 are disposed in a deflection groove 61 in the present invention. When the crank 1 drives the gear transmission, the fourth double gear 24 rotates clockwise for its gearwheel to drive the clutch gear to revolve. Since the clutch gear 4 is situated in a non-fixation status, the fourth double gear 24 will drive the clutch gear to deflect clockwise for the clutch gear 4 to engage with the motor generator gear 32 on the generation motor generator 3 to drive the generation motor generator 3 to revolve. When an external force applied on the crank 1 disappears, the fourth double gear 24 stops rotating and a force acting upward as produced by the fourth double gear 24 upon the clutch gear 4 also disappears; but the motor generator gear 32 under action of inertia continues to rotate clockwise for a while. As the motor gear 32 continues to rotate, the clutch gear 4 is pushed to downward deflect to cause the clutch gear 4 to disengage from the motor generator gear 32. As a result, the motor generator gear 32 idles to drive the central shaft 31 to continue rotation for a given time before the central shaft 31 stops rotating. Before the central shaft 31 stops rotating, the generation motor generator 3 keeps operating.

A weighted wheel 5 is fixed to a terminal of the central shaft 31 of the generation motor generator 3 to increase inertia rotation for the generation motor generator 3. The weight wheel 5 rotates at the same time when the crank 1 drives the generation motor generator 3 to operate. Whereas the weight wheel 5 is given with a relatively greater mass, it produces greater inertia. Therefore, once the central shaft 31 idles, it continues to rotate for a longer time as driven by the weighted wheel 5 to provide better generation capability a more efficient system.

In another preferred embodiment of the present invention as illustrated in FIG. 6, a gear transmission 2 is comprised of a first transmission gear 21 and a second double gear 22. Wherein, the first transmission gear 21 connected to a shaft 12; the second double gear 22 connected to a second shaft 25; the first transmission gear is fixed to a crank 1; and the first transmission gear 21 engages with a pinion in the second double gear 22. The gear transmission in the preferred embodiment delivers only a regular acceleration. Furthermore, a weighted wheel 5 is disposed beneath a generation motor generator 3 in the preferred embodiment.

The quantity of gears to be provided in the present invention is not restricted and the quantity may be added or reduced as applicable. Furthermore, the connection plate 42 may be installed or removed depending on the construction of the gear transmission that is adapted to.

Claims (13)

The invention claimed is:
1. A hand crank generator, comprising: a crank, and a gear transmission, and a generation motor the generator being used to generate electric current and being driven by the gear transmission;
wherein the crank is coupled to the gear transmission and both of the gear transmission and the generation motor generator are coupled to each other with through a clutch gear, and;
wherein the clutch gear engages with the last gear of the gear transmission, or disengages from a generator gear, and wherein both the generator gear and a weighted wheel contribute to powering the generator, the clutch gear remaining connected to a last gear of the gear transmission and, to keep track of limit a deflection angle of the clutch gear, both ends a portion of a deflection shaft of said the clutch gear are disposed in moves within a deflection groove, and a plate is used to connect both shafts of the clutch gear and to enable the clutch gear to engage with or disengage from the generator gear, while permitting the clutch gear to remain engaged to the gear transmission, wherein the deflection groove is situated to enable the clutch gear to remain connected to the last gear of the gear transmission; and
wherein after the crank has stopped moving the weighted wheel continues to rotate for a time period and drives only the generator and not the gear transmission.
2. The hand crank generator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the crank is provided with an arm and a handle, and the handle is mounted to a terminal of the arm.
3. The hand crank generator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the generation motor generator is connected to a central shaft, a motor gear is fixed to the central shaft, and the motor gear engages with the clutch gear.
4. The hand crank generator as claimed in claim 3, wherein a weighted wheel is fixed to a terminal of the central shaft of the generation motor.
5. The hand crank generator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the gear transmission comprises a first transmission gear, a second double gear, a third double gear, and a fourth double gear, both of the first transmission gear and the third double gear are connected to a shaft, both of the second and the fourth double gears are connected to a second shaft, the first transmission gear is fixed to the crank, the first transmission gear engages with a pinion in the second double gear, a gearwheel of the second double gear engages with a pinion in the third double gear, a gearwheel of the third double gear engages with a pinion in the fourth double gear, and a gearwheel of the fourth double gear engages with the clutch gear.
6. The hand crank generator as claimed in of claim 1, wherein the gear transmission comprises a plurality of gears, a first gear is connected to a shaft and is fixed to the crank and engages with a pinion of a second gear, the second gear engages the next gear to form a gear transmission, and a gearwheel of the last gear engages with a clutch gear at least a third gear.
7. A hand crank generator comprising a crank, driving a gear transmission, and a generation motor driven by the gear transmission; generator gear on a central shaft connected to a weighted wheel, the generator gear driving the generator used to generate electric current, wherein the crank is coupled to the gear transmission and both of the gear transmission and the generation motor are coupled to each other with engages a clutch gear, having a deflection shaft, and wherein the clutch gear engages with or disengages from the generator gear, and the clutch gear remains connected with a last gear of the gear transmission and, to limit a deflection angle of the clutch gear, a portion of the deflection shaft of the clutch gear moves within a deflection groove to enable the clutch gear to engage with or disengage from the generator gear, while permitting the clutch gear to remain engaged to the gear transmission, wherein the deflection groove is situated to enable the clutch gear to remain connected to the last gear of the gear transmission; and
and wherein the gear transmission comprises a first transmission gear, a second double gear, a third double gear, and a fourth double gear, both of the first transmission gear and the third double gear are connected to a shaft, both of the second and the fourth double gears are connected to a second shaft, the first transmission gear is fixed to the crank, the first transmission gear engages with a pinion in the second double gear, a gearwheel of the second double gear engages with a pinion in the third double gear, a gearwheel of the third double gear engages with a pinion in the fourth double gear, and a gearwheel of the fourth double gear engages with the clutch gear.
8. The hand crank generator as claimed in of claim 7, wherein the crank is provided with an arm and a handle, and the handle is mounted to a terminal of the arm.
9. The hand crank generator as of claim 7, wherein the clutch gear engages with the last gear of the gear transmission, and to keep track of a deflection angle of the clutch gear, both ends an end of a the deflection shaft of said the clutch gear are is disposed in a the deflection groove.
10. The hand crank generator as claimed in of claim 7, wherein the generation motor generator is connected to a central shaft, a motor generator gear is fixed to the central shaft, and the motor generator gear engages with the clutch gear.
11. The hand crank generator as claimed in claim 10, wherein a weighted wheel is fixed to a terminal of the central shaft of the generation motor.
12. The hand crank generator as claimed in claim 7 of claim 1, wherein the gear transmission comprises a plurality of gears, including a first gear is connected to a shaft and is , fixed to the crank and engages with engaging a pinion of a second gear, the second gear engages the next gear to form a gear transmission, and a gearwheel of the last gear engages with a clutch gear.
13. The hand crank generator of claim 1, further comprising a plate to connect shafts of the clutch gear and of at least another gear of the gear transmission.
US13/476,193 2007-01-26 2012-05-21 Hand crank generator Active USRE45441E1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW096201562U TWM318070U (en) 2007-01-26 2007-01-26 An electricity-generating manual apparatus
TW96201562U 2007-01-26
US11/968,639 US7723880B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2008-01-02 Hand crank generator
US13/476,193 USRE45441E1 (en) 2007-01-26 2012-05-21 Hand crank generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13/476,193 USRE45441E1 (en) 2007-01-26 2012-05-21 Hand crank generator

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/968,639 Reissue US7723880B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2008-01-02 Hand crank generator

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USRE45441E1 true USRE45441E1 (en) 2015-03-31

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US11/968,639 Active 2028-10-17 US7723880B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2008-01-02 Hand crank generator
US13/476,193 Active USRE45441E1 (en) 2007-01-26 2012-05-21 Hand crank generator

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US11/968,639 Active 2028-10-17 US7723880B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2008-01-02 Hand crank generator

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TW (1) TWM318070U (en)

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US7077540B2 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-07-18 Jen-Yen Yen Emergency light set
US7222984B2 (en) * 2005-04-28 2007-05-29 Wen Sung Lee Hand operated flashlight
US7608933B2 (en) * 2005-10-31 2009-10-27 Xiao (Charles) Yang Method and structure for kinetic energy based generator for portable electronic devices

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US20080180001A1 (en) 2008-07-31
US7723880B2 (en) 2010-05-25
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