USRE40136E1 - Multilayer optical disk - Google Patents

Multilayer optical disk Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USRE40136E1
USRE40136E1 US11/091,006 US9100605A USRE40136E US RE40136 E1 USRE40136 E1 US RE40136E1 US 9100605 A US9100605 A US 9100605A US RE40136 E USRE40136 E US RE40136E
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
storage layer
information storage
laser beam
information
optical disc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US11/091,006
Inventor
Masahiko Kaneko
Nobuhiko Umezu
Katsuhisa Aratani
Ariyoshi Nakaoki
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sony Corp
Original Assignee
Sony Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP8536995 priority Critical
Priority to JP9406895A priority patent/JPH08339574A/en
Priority to US08/629,564 priority patent/US5766717A/en
Priority to US2396198A priority
Priority to US09/086,277 priority patent/US6241843B1/en
Priority to US09/798,190 priority patent/US6537637B2/en
Application filed by Sony Corp filed Critical Sony Corp
Priority to US11/091,006 priority patent/USRE40136E1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USRE40136E1 publication Critical patent/USRE40136E1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/242Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of recording layers
    • G11B7/244Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of recording layers comprising organic materials only
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/257Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/258Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of reflective layers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/257Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers
    • G11B2007/25705Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers consisting essentially of inorganic materials
    • G11B2007/2571Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers consisting essentially of inorganic materials containing group 14 elements except carbon (Si, Ge, Sn, Pb)
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/257Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers
    • G11B2007/25705Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers consisting essentially of inorganic materials
    • G11B2007/25713Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of layers having properties involved in recording or reproduction, e.g. optical interference layers or sensitising layers or dielectric layers, which are protecting the recording layers consisting essentially of inorganic materials containing nitrogen
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/253Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of substrates
    • G11B7/2531Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of substrates comprising glass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/253Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of substrates
    • G11B7/2533Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of substrates comprising resins
    • G11B7/2534Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of substrates comprising resins polycarbonates [PC]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/241Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/252Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers
    • G11B7/258Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of reflective layers
    • G11B7/2585Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material characterised by the selection of the material of layers other than recording layers of reflective layers based on aluminium
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/21Circular sheet or circular blank

Abstract

A multilayer optical disk having an information storage layer which can as well as be reproduced by a general purpose reproducing apparatus, for example, a compact disk player, and from which information can be read from other information storage layers by using an exclusive reproducing apparatus. The method of manufacturing a multilayer disk comprises the steps of forming a first substrate having a first information storage area enabling reproduction of information therein with a first light beam having a wavelength of 770 nm to 830 nm; forming a second substrate having a second information storage area enabling reproduction of information therein with a second light beam having a wavelength of 615-655 nm but which is relatively transparent with respect to said first light beam; and bonding said first substrate to said second substrate together without said first and second said information areas facing each other.

Description

RELATED APPLICATION DATA

This application claims priority to and is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/086,277 filed May 28, 1998 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,241,843 issued on Jun. 5, 2001, which in turn claims priority to and is a continuation of Ser. No. 09/023,961 filed Feb. 13, 1998, now abandoned which in turn claims priority to and is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/629,564 filed Apr. 9, 1996, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,766,717 which issued on Jun. 16, 1998. This application also claims priority to Japanese patent applications Nos. P07-085369 filed Apr. 11, 1995 and P07-094068 filed Apr. 19, 1995. The disclosures of all of the foregoing applications are incorporated herein by reference to the extent permitted by law.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a multilayer optical disk having a multilayer structure consisting of a plurality of layers for storing information.

In recent years, the popularity of so-called multimedia results in a necessity of handling large-capacity information such as a digital movie data. Therefore, a necessity arises in that large-capacity information of the foregoing type must be stored and randomly accessed so as to be reproduced, if need arises.

An optical disk is a storage medium permitting random access, exhibiting a large capacity and capable of being ejected (i.e., being removable) from a playback or reproducing apparatus. Therefore, optical disks have been used in a variety of fields and large quantities. In order to enlarge the capacity as described above, one side of the optical disk must be capable of handling large-capacity information.

Under the foregoing circumstance, the capacity of the optical disk has been enlarged by providing for a multiplicity of layers for storing information that are laminated in the direction of the thickness of the optical disk.

In such a multilayer optical disk, a multilayer structure is formed on one side thereof and consists of information layers for storing information, wherein the focal points are made so as to be different from one another among the multiple layers so that information is read while maintaining a random access characteristic and, therefore, large-capacity information is handled by a large capacity.

Reported and representative multilayer optical disks will now be described.

1. A concept for reproducing the optical disk by making the positions of the focal points to be different from one another is reported, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,946,367.

2. A method using a multilayer disk having an information layer formed by laminating a plurality of layers on one side of the disk so that information is read by means of transmitted light or reflected light is reported, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,219,704.

3. A system for reproducing information from a multilayer optical disk, the system comprising an optical system having an aberration correction function (refer to U.S. Pat. No. 5,202,875).

In order to reproduce data in a conventional multilayer optical disk of the foregoing type, an exclusive apparatus for reproducing the data in the optical disk is required. For example, there arises a requirement for a reproducing optical system capable of independently reproducing a reproduction signal from the first information storage layer or the second information storage layer without mixing of data. As an alternative to this, a signal processing system is required which is capable of distinguishing reproduction signals from the first information storage layer and the second information storage layer from each other so as to extract information without confusion.

Therefore, a reproducing apparatus, such as a compact disk player for reproducing a so-called compact disk (CD) which has been used widely as a read-only optical disk, cannot be used as it is.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a novel multilayer optical disk having an information storage layer, whose data on at least one information storage layer can be reproduced by a general purpose reproducing apparatus, such as a compact disk player, and whose data on another information storage layer can be reproduced by an exclusive reproducing apparatus.

To that end, in an embodiment, a method of manufacturing a multilayer optical disk, comprising the steps of:

    • forming a first substrate having a first information storage area enabling reproduction of information therein with a first light beam having a wavelength of 770 nm to 830 nm; forming a second substrate having a second information storage area enabling reproduction of information therein with a second light beam having a wavelength of 615-655 nm but which is relatively transparent with respect to said first light beam; and bonding said first substrate to said second substrate together without said first and second said information areas facing each other.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the first substrate is formed using an injection molding process.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the second substrate is formed using an injection molding process.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the first information storage area comprises an A1 film layer.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the second information storage area comprises one or more layers of a Si-N film.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the first information storage area has a reflection factor of about 70% or more with respect to the first light beam.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the second information storage area has a reflection factor of 20% or more with respect to the second light beam.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that when the second substrate is formed, projections corresponding to recording pits are formed thereon.

In an embodiment, the invention provides that the first substrate is formed with projections thereby corresponding to recording pits formatted on a compact disk recording format.

These and other features of the invention are discussed in greater detail below in the following detailed description of the presently preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of a multilayer optical disk according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic cross sectional view showing essential portions of an example of the structure of the multilayer optical disk according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a graph showing the spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor of the multilayer optical disk shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a graph showing the spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor of a multilayer optical disk having a second information-storage layer formed into a triple-layer structure;

FIG. 5 is a graph showing the spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor of a multilayer optical disk having a second information-storage layer formed into a semiconductor layer material film;

FIG. 6 is a schematic cross sectional view showing essential portions of an example of a multilayer optical disk having a structure comprising two substrates bonded to each other;

FIG. 7 is a schematic cross sectional view showing essential portions of another example of the multilayer optical disk having a structure comprising two substrates bonded to each other;

FIG. 8 is a schematic cross sectional view showing essential portions of a multi layer optical disk having a first information-storage layer formed adjacent to the substrate and formed by a triple-layer structure film;

FIG. 9 is a graph showing the spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor of the multilayer optical disk shown in FIG. 7; and

FIG. 10 is a graph showing the spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor of a multilayer optical disk having two information storage layers which are Si films.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

First Embodiment

As shown in FIG. 2, a multilayer optical disk according to this embodiment has a structure such that a second information-storage layer 13, a spacer layer or substrate 14 and a first information-storage layer 12 are, in this sequential order, formed on a substrate 11.

The substrate 11 is made of, for example, polycarbonate or glass. If the substrate 11 is made of polycarbonate, a so-called 2P method is employed in such a manner that a projection and pit pattern, such as recording pits, is formed as information to be exclusively reproduced. In this embodiment, a polycarbonate substrate having a thickness of 1.2 mm and made by injection molding is employed.

The second information-storage layer 13 is formed along the projection and pit pattern of the substrate 11 to reflect a portion of light beams made incident upon the substrate 11 and permit a portion of the light beam to transmit therethrough. Thus, the second information-storage layer 13 serves as a reflecting film for reading information in the form of the projection and pit pattern to be exclusively reproduced.

The spacer layer or substrate 14 is formed to optically separate the second information-storage layer 13 and the first information-storage layer 12 from each other. Therefore, the spacer layer 14 must have a certain thickness. Specifically, it is preferable that the spacer layer 14 be 30 mm or thicker. If the spacer layer 14 is too thin, light reflected by the first information-storage layer 12 and that reflected by the second information-storage layer 13 cannot sufficiently be separated from each other and, therefore, accurate detection cannot easily be performed. If the spacer layer 14 is too thick, spherical aberration and the like take place. Therefore, the thickness must be determined appropriately to prevent the foregoing problems.

The first information-storage layer 12 formed on the second information-storage layer 13 through the spacer layer 14 is made of a material having a high reflection factor. The reflection factor of the first information-storage layer 12 is 70% or higher with respect to a light beam having a wavelength of 770 nm to 830 nm.

To manufacture the foregoing multilayer optical disk, the substrate 11 is prepared initially, the, substrate 11 having the projection and pit pattern, such as pits, formed to correspond to information signals to be read from the second information-storage layer 13. The substrate 11 may be made of either glass or plastic such as polycarbonate plastic. In the case where the glass substrate is employed, a so-called 2P (Photo Polymerization) method or the like is performed with which photosetting resin is enclosed between the glass substrate and a disk stamper, and then the photosetting resin is irradiated with light from a position on the outside of the glass substrate so that the projection and pit pattern is formed. Also in the case of the plastic substrate, the projection and pit pattern may be formed by the 2P method. However, an injection molding method using a stamper is generally employed to form the projection and pit pattern.

The second information-storage layer 13 is, on the substrate 11, formed by a vacuum evaporation method or a sputtering method.

Then, the spacer layer 14 is formed on the second information-storage layer 13. Since the spacer layer 14 must have a certain thickness, for example, a thickness of 30 nm or more, the spacer layer 14 is formed by applying ultraviolet-curing resin or the like by a spin coating method. The spacer layer 14 may be formed into a laminated shape by plural times of the laminating processes in each of which a layer having a thickness of μm to 10 μm is formed. The spacer layer 14 may be formed by bonding a transparent sheet.

Also the spacer layer 14 must have pits or the like formed to correspond to the information signals to be recorded on the first information-storage layer 12. The foregoing pits can be formed by the 2P method similar to the foregoing projection and pit pattern.

After the spacer layer 14 has been formed, the first information storage layer 12 is formed on the spacer layer 14. Then, if necessary, a protective film 15 is formed by ultraviolet-curing resin or the like.

In this embodiment the second information-storage layer 13 on the substrate 11 is in the form of a five-layer structure film consisting of Si3N4/SiO2/Si3N4/SiO2/Si3N4 layers. The five layers respectively have thicknesses of 64 nm/90 nm/64 nm/90 nm/64 nm.

The refractive index n of Si3N4 is 2.0 and the extinction coefficient k of the same is 0, while the refractive index n of SiO2 is 1.5 and the extinction coefficient k of the same is 0. As a matter of course, materials having similar optical characteristics may be employed to obtain a similar characteristic.

The first information—storage layer 12 is an A1 film having a thickness of 100 nm.

In the thus-structured multilayer optical disk, the reflection factor R2 of the second information-storage layer 13 (the five-layer structure film) has a spectroscopic characteristic as shown in FIG. 3 such that the reflection factor R2 is 34% with respect to light having a wavelength of 635 nm; and the reflection factor R2 is substantially zero with respect to light having the wavelength of 780 nm. That is, the second information-storage layer 13 has somewhat refractivity with respect to light having the wavelength of 635 nm and permits light having the wavelength of 780 nm to substantially transmit therethrough.

On the other hand, the first information-storage layer 12 (the A1 film) has a reflection factor of 80% or higher with respect to both of light beams which have penetrated the second information-storage layer 13. Therefore, the reflection factor R1 of the first information-storage layer 12 with respect to the reproducing light beam is about 84% with respect to light having the wavelength of 780 nm which substantially penetrates the second information-storage layer 13 and about 38% with respect to light having the wavelength of 635 nm which has somewhat penetrated the second information-storage layer 13.

With the multilayer optical disk having the foregoing structure, use of the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm enables reflected light to be obtained from only the first information-storage layer 12 so that information signals recorded on the first information-storage layer 12 are read. Since the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm is used in the compact disk player and the like, the information signals recorded on the first information-storage layer 12 can as well as be reproduced by the foregoing general-purpose reproducing apparatus. Since both of the first information-storage layer 12 and the second information-storage layer 13 have the reflection factor of about 30% with respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm, information signals can be obtained from the two layers 12 and 13. Thus, the positions of the focal points of the reproducing light beams are made to be different from each other so that information is read from both of the first information-storage layer 12 and the second information-storage layer 13.

Second Embodiment

A multilayer optical disk was manufactured which comprised a second information-storage layer 13 in the form of a triple—layer structure film and other layers respectively having structures similar to those of the first embodiment. Note that the second information-storage layer 13 was in the form of a triple-layer structure film, the triple layers respectively being made of SixN(1−x)(n=2.8 and k=0)/Si3N4 (n=2 and k=0)/SixN(1−x)(n=2.8 and k=0). The thicknesses of the respective layers were 40 nm/73 nm/40 nm.

Also in this embodiment, the reflection factor Ri of the first information-storage layer 12 and the reflection factor R2 of the second information-storage layer 13 have the spectroscopic characteristics as shown in FIG. 4. With the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm, only the information signals recorded on the first information-storage layer 12 can be read. With the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm, information signals can be read from both of the first information-storage layer 12 and the second information-storage layer 13.

Third Embodiment

In this embodiment, the second information-storage layer 13 is made of AlxGa(1−x)As which is a semiconductor laser material and which has a thickness of 120 nm.

The first information-storage layer 12 is an Al film having a thickness of 100 nm. The other structures are the same as those according to the first embodiment.

In the multilayer optical disk structured as described above, the reflection factor R2 of the second information-storage layer 13 has a spectroscopic characteristic as shown in FIG. 5 such that the reflection factor is about 32% with respect to light having the wavelength of 635 nm and substantially zero with respect to light having the wavelength of 780 nm. That is, the second information-storage layer 13 has some refractivity with respect to light having the wavelength of 635 nm and permits light having the wavelength of 780 nm to substantially transmit therethrough. the other hand, the first information-storage layer 12 (the Al film) has a reflection factor of 80% or higher with respect to both of the light beams which have penetrated the second information-storage layer 13. Therefore, the reflection factor Ri of the first information-storage layer 12 with respect to light having the wavelength of 780 nm which substantially penetrates the second information-storage layer 13 is about 84% and the reflection factor R1 is about 36% with respect to light having the wavelength of 635 nm which has substantially penetrated the second information-storage layer 13.

With the multilayer optical disk having the foregoing structure, use of the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm enables reflected light to be obtained from only the first information-storage layer 12 so that information signals are read from only the first information-storage layer 12. On the other hand, since both of the first information-storage layer 12 and the second information-storage layer 13 have the reflection factor of 30% or higher with respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm, information signals can be obtained from both of the layers 12 and 13. By making the positions of the focal points of the reproducing light beams to be different from each other, information can be read from the two layers 12 and 13.

Fourth Embodiment

As shown in FIG. 6, this embodiment has a structure such that a second information-storage layer 23 is formed on a substrate 21 having a thickness of 0.6 mm; and a first information-storage layer 22 is formed on a second substrate 31 having a thickness of 0.6 mm, the two substrates 21 and 31 being then bonded to each other through a bonding adhesive layer 24 having light transmission properties. Thus, a multilayer optical disk according to this embodiment is constituted.

Each-of the substrates 21 and 31 is a polycarbonate substrate obtained by injection molding or a glass substrate manufactured by the 2P method. The structures of the information:storage layers 22 and 23 are similar to those according to the first embodiment. A protective film 25 is formed on the first information-storage layer 22.

Also with the multilayer optical disk having the foregoing structure, similar to the first embodiment, reflected light was obtained from only the first information-storage layer 22 with respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm. With respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm, reflected light was obtained from the first information-storage layer 22 and the second information-storage layer 23.

This embodiment may have another structure formed such that the first substrate and the second substrate are bonded to each other with the bonding adhesive layer 24 in such a manner that the first information-storage layer 22 and the second information-storage layer 23 face each other.

Fifth Embodiment

As shown in FIG. 7, this embodiment has a structure arranged such that a second information-storage layer 43 is formed on a first substrate 41 having a thickness of 1.2 mm, a first information-storage layer 42 is formed on a second substrate 51 having a thickness of 0.6 mm, and the first and second substrates 41 and 51 are, by a bonding adhesive layer 44, bonded to each other in such a manner that the information-storage layers 42 and 43 face each other.

Each of the substrates 41 and 51 is a polycarbonate substrate formed by injection molding. The structure of each of the information storage layers 42 and 43 is similar to that of the first embodiment.

Also with the multilayer optical disk having the foregoing structure, similar to the first embodiment, reflected light was obtained from only the first information-storage layer 42 with respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm. With respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm, reflected light was obtained from both of the first information-storage layer 42 and second information-storage layer 43.

Since this embodiment has the structure such that the first information-storage layer 42 and the second information-storage layer 43 are formed on the corresponding substrates 41 and 5J, which are the polycarbonate substrates obtained by injection molding, a technique, such as the 2P method, is not required. Therefore, the multilayer optical disk according to this embodiment can significantly easily be manufactured.

Sixth Embodiment

As shown in FIG. 8, this embodiment has the structure arranged such that a first information-storage layer 62 was formed adjacent to a substrate 61, and then a second information-storage layer 63 was formed on the first information-storage layer 62 through a spacer layer of substrate 64.

The first information-storage layer 62 consists of three layers which respectively are made of SixN (1−x)(n=3.5 and k=O)/SiO2(n=1.5 and k=0)/SixN(1−x)(n=3.5 and k=0) respectively having thicknesses of 45 nm/195 nm/45 nm.

The second information-storage layer was an A1 film.

Also the multilayer optical disk having the foregoing structure enabled a spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor as shown in FIG. 9 to be obtained. With respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm, reflected light was obtained from only the first information-storage layer 62 as indicated by symbol R1 shown in FIG. 9. With respect to the reproducing light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm, the first information-storage layer had the light transmission properties so that reflected light was obtained from the second information-storage layer 63 as indicated by symbol R2 shown in FIG. 9.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE

A multilayer optical disk was manufactured which comprised a Si films each having a thickness of 14 nm, the Si films being formed into the first and second information storage layers. Then, the spectroscopic characteristic of the reflection factor of each Si film was measured.

As a result, the reflection factor of each Si layer had no dependency upon the wavelength as shown in FIG. 10. Since the reflection factor is, in particular, low with respect to light having the wavelength of 780 nm, the compatibility with the compact disk and the like cannot be maintained.

Note that the present invention has the structure such that the information storage layer corresponding to the light beam having the wavelength of 780 nm is formed in a CD format that can be reproduced by a compact disk player. On the other hand, the information storage layer corresponding to only the light beam having the wavelength of 635 nm is recorded at a density higher than, for example, that of the CD format.

Although the invention has been described in its preferred form with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the present disclosure of the preferred form can be changed in the details of construction and in the combination and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.

Claims (19)

1. An optical disc comprising:
a first information storage layer which is relatively reflective with respect to a first laser beam but is relatively transmissive with respect to a second laser beam, the wavelength of said second laser beam being shorter longer than the wavelength of said first laser beam, the information stored in said first information storage layer being readout by said first laser beam;
a second information storage layer which reflects said second laser beam transmitted through said first information storage layer, the information stored in said second information storage layer being read-out by said second laser beam; and
a light incidence surface onto and through which first and second laser beams are irradiated for read-out of the information from said first and second information storage layers, respectively, said light incidence surface being formed at one side of said optical disc, wherein,
said first information storage layer and said second information storage layer are provided so as to be separated for separating the first and second laser beams reflected by said first information storage layer and said second information storage layer, and
the length between said light incidence surface to said second information storage layer is substantially equal to the thickness of said optical disc.
2. An optical disc according to claim 1, wherein the length between said light incidence surface and said second information storage layer is substantially equal to 1.2 mm and the length between said light incidence surface and said first information storage layer is substantially equal to 0.6 mm.
3. An optical disc according to claim 1, wherein said optical disc further comprises a spacer layer made by a transparent material and arranged between said first information storage layer and said second information storage layer.
4. An optical disc according to claim 1, wherein the reflectivity of said first information storage layer to said first laser beam at 635+20 615-655 nm is greater than equal to 20% and the reflectivity of said second information storage layer to said second laser beam at 780-830 nm is greater than equal 70%.
5. An optical disc according to claim 1, wherein said optical disc further comprises a first and second substrate, said light incidence surface being one surface of said first substrate, and the other surface of said first substrate adjacent on said first information storage layer, one surface of said second substrate being adjacent said second information storage layer, the thickness of said first and second substrate being substantially equal to 0.6 mm.
6. An optical disc according to claim 5, wherein said first substrate and said second substrate are bonded together.
7. An optical disc according to claim 5, the other surface of said second substrate is bonded to another surface of said first substrate via said first information storage layer.
8. An optical disc comprising; :
a first information storage layer made of a semi-transparent material and for reflecting a first laser beam but transmitting a second laser beam, the wavelength of said second laser beam being shorter longer than the wavelength of said first laser beam, the information stored in said first information storage layer being read-out by said first laser beam;
a second information storage layer which reflects said second laser beam transmitted through said first information storage layer, the information being in a standard compact disk format stored in said second information storage layer being read-out by said second laser beam; and
a light incidence surface onto and through which first and second laser beams are irradiated for read-out of the information from said first and second information storage layers, respectively, said light incidence surface being formed at one side of said optical disc,
wherein said first information storage layer and said second information storage layer are provided to be separated for separating the reflected laser beam for said first laser beam reflected by said first information storage layer and the reflected laser beam of said second laser beam reflected by said second information storage layer, and the length between said light incidence surface to said second information storage layer is substantially equal to the thickness of said optical disc.
9. An optical disc according to claim 8, wherein the length between said light incidence surface and said second information storage surface is substantially equal to 1.2 mm and the length between said light incidence surface and said first information storage layer is substantially equal to 0.6 mm.
10. An optical disc according to claim 8, said optical disc further comprising a spacer layer made by a transparent material and arranged between said first information storage layer and said second information storage layer.
11. An optical disc according to claim 10, the thickness of said spacer layer is greater than equal to 30 mm.
12. An optical disc according to claim 8, wherein the reflectivity of said first information storage layer to said first laser beam at 635+20 615-655 nm is greater than equal to 20% and the reflectivity of said second information storage layer to said second laser beam at 780-830 nm is greater than equal 70%.
13. An optical disc according to claim 8, wherein the reflectivity of said second information storage layer to said first laser beam is lower than the reflectivity of said second information storage layer to said second laser beam.
14. An optical disc according to claim 8, wherein said optical disc further comprises a first substrate and a second substrate, said light incidence surface being one surface of said first substrate, the other surface of said first substrate being adjacent said first information storage layer, one surface of said second substrate being adjacent said second information storage layer, the thickness of said first and second substrate being substantially equal to 0.6 mmm mm.
15. An optical disc according to claim 14, wherein said first substrate and said second substrate are bonded together.
16. An optical disc according to claim 14, the other surface of said second substrate is bonded to another surface of said first substrate via said first information storage layer.
17. An optical disc read-out method for an optical disc comprising, (1) a first information storage layer which reflects a first laser beam but is transmissive with respect to a second laser beam, the wavelength of said second laser beam being shorter longer than the wavelength of said first laser beam; (2) a second information storage layer which reflects said second laser beam transmitted through said first information storage layer; and (3) a light incidence surface onto and through which first and it second laser beams are irradiated for read-out of the information from said first and second information storage layers, respectively, said light incidence surface being formed at one side of said optical disc, said first information storage layer and said second information storage layer provided so as to be separated for separating the reflected laser beam reflected by said first information storage layer and the reflected laser beam reflected by said second information storage layer, a length between said light incidence surface to said second information storage layer being substantially equal to the thickness of said optical disc, said read-out method comprising the steps of:
selecting between said first and second information storage layer from which to read information stored therein; and
irradiating the selected information storage layer with the first laser beam if the first infrared layer was selected or the second laser beam if the second laser beam is selected, reading out the stored information for the selected information storage layer.
18. An optical disc read-out method according to claim 17, wherein the wavelength of said first laser is 635+20 615-655 nm.
19. An optical disc read-out method according to claim 17, wherein information in a compact disc format is stored in said second information storage layer.
US11/091,006 1995-04-11 2005-03-25 Multilayer optical disk Expired - Lifetime USRE40136E1 (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8536995 1995-04-11
JP9406895A JPH08339574A (en) 1995-04-11 1995-04-19 Multilayered optical disk
US08/629,564 US5766717A (en) 1995-04-11 1996-04-09 Multilayer optical disk
US2396198A true 1998-02-13 1998-02-13
US09/086,277 US6241843B1 (en) 1995-04-11 1998-05-28 Multilayer optical disk
US09/798,190 US6537637B2 (en) 1995-04-11 2001-03-02 Multilayer optical disk
US11/091,006 USRE40136E1 (en) 1995-04-11 2005-03-25 Multilayer optical disk

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/091,006 USRE40136E1 (en) 1995-04-11 2005-03-25 Multilayer optical disk

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09/798,190 Reissue US6537637B2 (en) 1995-04-11 2001-03-02 Multilayer optical disk

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USRE40136E1 true USRE40136E1 (en) 2008-03-04

Family

ID=27304841

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/091,006 Expired - Lifetime USRE40136E1 (en) 1995-04-11 2005-03-25 Multilayer optical disk

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USRE40136E1 (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0368442A2 (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-05-16 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Optical information record carrier and the method of producing the same
EP0520619A1 (en) * 1991-06-28 1992-12-30 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Optical information recording medium
EP0605924A2 (en) * 1993-01-04 1994-07-13 Philips Electronics N.V. Multiplane information storage system and record carrier for use in such a system
US5485452A (en) * 1991-06-28 1996-01-16 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Optical information recording medium
US5766717A (en) * 1995-04-11 1998-06-16 Sony Corporation Multilayer optical disk
US6030678A (en) * 1997-06-20 2000-02-29 Sony Corporation Multi-layer optical disk
US6280811B1 (en) * 1998-06-22 2001-08-28 Target Technology Company, Llc Metal alloys for the reflective or the semi-reflective layer of an optical storage medium
US6343060B1 (en) * 1997-06-18 2002-01-29 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Optical disk having recording layers of different reproduction standards

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0368442A2 (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-05-16 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Optical information record carrier and the method of producing the same
EP0520619A1 (en) * 1991-06-28 1992-12-30 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Optical information recording medium
US5485452A (en) * 1991-06-28 1996-01-16 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Optical information recording medium
EP0605924A2 (en) * 1993-01-04 1994-07-13 Philips Electronics N.V. Multiplane information storage system and record carrier for use in such a system
US5766717A (en) * 1995-04-11 1998-06-16 Sony Corporation Multilayer optical disk
US6241843B1 (en) * 1995-04-11 2001-06-05 Sony Corporation Multilayer optical disk
US6343060B1 (en) * 1997-06-18 2002-01-29 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Optical disk having recording layers of different reproduction standards
US6030678A (en) * 1997-06-20 2000-02-29 Sony Corporation Multi-layer optical disk
US6280811B1 (en) * 1998-06-22 2001-08-28 Target Technology Company, Llc Metal alloys for the reflective or the semi-reflective layer of an optical storage medium

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5171392A (en) Method of producing an optical information record carrier
KR100235363B1 (en) Optical recording medium having dual information surfaces
EP0706178B1 (en) Optical information medium, method for producing the optical information medium, and unit for producing the optical information medium
EP0910072B1 (en) Method for accessing a multi-layered optical disk
US6743320B2 (en) Method and apparatus of optical information recording medium, and optical information recording medium
EP0867873B1 (en) Optical recording medium
US6124011A (en) Information-bearing discs and methods of fabrication
US6333914B1 (en) Optical recording medium and method of manufacturing same
US6160787A (en) Multiple layer optical recording medium for use with two different wavelength laser beams
JP2004213720A (en) Optical recording medium
US7276274B2 (en) Optical recording medium and method for recording and reproducing data
US5134604A (en) Combination optical data medium with multiple data surfaces and cassette therefor
US5703868A (en) Optical information recording medium having discernible obverse and reverse sides
JP3210549B2 (en) The optical information recording medium
US5509991A (en) Method of producing an optical disk having an integrated label layer
US5708653A (en) Single-substrate multi-layer optical disk for read-only storage and phase change rewritable storage
EP0847580B1 (en) Optical disk compatible with two different reading systems
DE69834770T2 (en) Optical panel that meets a variety of standards
US6221455B1 (en) Multi-layer optical disc and recording/reproducing apparatus
EP0434230B1 (en) Optical recording medium and method of recording and reproducing information thereon
JP3008819B2 (en) optical disk
US5485452A (en) Optical information recording medium
JPH10269621A (en) Optical disk substrate and optical disk using the substrate
JP2001023237A (en) Optical recording medium
EP0520619A1 (en) Optical information recording medium

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12