USRE32889E - Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions - Google Patents

Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USRE32889E
USRE32889E US06918820 US91882086A USRE32889E US RE32889 E USRE32889 E US RE32889E US 06918820 US06918820 US 06918820 US 91882086 A US91882086 A US 91882086A US RE32889 E USRE32889 E US RE32889E
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
composition
iaddend
iadd
silica
weight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US06918820
Inventor
Alan E. Litke
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henkel Loctite Corp
Original Assignee
Henkel Loctite Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J4/00Adhesives based on organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond ; adhesives, based on monomers of macromolecular compounds of groups C09J183/00 - C09J183/16
    • C09J4/06Organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond in combination with a macromolecular compound other than an unsaturated polymer of groups C09J159/00 - C09J187/00
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F291/00Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to macromolecular compounds according to more than one of the groups C08F251/00 - C08F289/00
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J4/00Adhesives based on organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond ; adhesives, based on monomers of macromolecular compounds of groups C09J183/00 - C09J183/16

Abstract

Cyanoacrylate compositions which employ fumed silicas treated with polydimethylsiloxane or trialkoxyalkylsilane are stable and exhibit an unexpectedly high thixotropic ratio. Such compositions are useful in adhesive applications or, when stabilized so as to prevent polymerizaton in contact with moisture, in latent fingerprint developing applications.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Cyanoacrylate adhesives based on esters of α-cyanoacrylic acid have gained wide acceptance in recent years for a broad range of industrial and consumer uses. The cyanoacrylate esters themselves, however, are very low viscosity liquids which makes the use of unfilled compositions difficult. Such compositions often migrate from the bondline or are absorbed into porous surfaces. Accordingly, there have been developed a variety of thickened cyanoacrylate adhesive compositions which incorporate organic polymers and/or inorganic fillers to reduce adhesive migration. Examples of such compositions are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,607,542; 3,896,077, 4,105,715, 4,180,913 and in Chemical Abstracts 89:117907c; 89:216475u; 91:40425c; and 92:95114b.

In the art of thickened cyanoacrylates it is sometimes desirable that the composition display thixotropic properties. Thus, under high shear conditions the composition can be processed and easily applied to the substrate but once applied, will display significantly reduced migratory tendencies. It is also well known that the inclusion of fumed silicas in many organic liquid compositions positions produces thixotropic effects. The use of such silicas has been reported in cyanoacrylate compositions.

At least certain of the prior art cyanoacrylate compositions employing fumed silicas have displayed stability problems, however. Thus U.S. Pat. No. 3,607,542 describes organically filled cyanoacrylate compositions in which fumed silica is an optional ingredient. These compositions are reportedly stable for only up to 4 hours. Furthermore, the same patent states that silica by itself does not readily mix with cyanoacrylate monomer to form a paste.

Cyanoacrylate formulations also occasionally find non-adhesive applications. Thus, for instance, the vapors of methyl and ethyl cyanoacrylates have found use for developing latent fingerprints in law enforcement applications. For such applications it would be desirable to develop a nonflowable form of cyanoacrylate monomer so that small open containers of the monomer can be placed throughout a room or automobile to release vapors without the danger of accidental monomer spillage. Desirably the thixotropic additives will also be kept to a minimum so as not to substantially reduce the monomer vapor pressure.

In certain applications it has been discovered that hydrophobic silicas produced by treatment of fumed silica with dimethyldichlorosilane can be used to give thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions with improved stability. However, these fillers add cure retarding strong acid to the cyanoacrylate composition. Also, the thixotropic ratio of these silicas in cyanoacrylate esters (the ratio of apparent viscosity is measured under specified high and low shear conditions) is quite low. Therefore, when very high thixotropic effects are desired, such as when a pasty composition is desired, the amount of acid introduced by the silica can substantially reduce the cure time of the composition. Also, for latent fingerprint developing type applications, higher silica levels may result in lower monomer vapor pressures.

Commercially available fumed silicas are also known which have been treated with hexamethyldisilazane. It has discovered that thixotropy ratios are also very low for these materials and that at least some of these materials tend to destabilize cyanoacryalte compositions. The destabilization effect is thought to result from residual ammonia or amine in the filler.

Accordingly there exists a need for a cyanoacrylate thixotrope, stable to the cyanoacrylate monomer, which has a significantly improved thixotropy ratio over dimethyldichlorosilane or hexamethyldisilazane treated silicas, and which does not adversely affect the fixture time of adhesive formulations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present application relates to cyanoacrylate compositions which employ fumed silicas treated with a polydimethylsiloxane or a trialkoxyalkylsilane as a thixotropic additive. It has been unexpectedly found that such silicas when incorporated into cyanoacrylate compositions do not adversely effect the stability of the composition, display a significantly higher thixotropy ratio than the previously mentioned treated silicas and, in adhesive compositions, do not adversely effect fixture time even at levels of about 10-12% where the compositions become pasty and very difficult to stir or apply uniformly.

The inventive compositions may consist primarily of an appropriately stabilized cyanoacrylate ester monomer and the specified silica. However, it is preferred that a small amount of an organic polymer such as polymethylmethacrylate be dissolved in the monomer.

The inventive compositions are also useful in nonadhesive applications such as nonflowable latent fingerprint developing formulations.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Fumed silicas which have been found to impart desired thixotropic properties to the inventive compositions fall into two categories. The first, and most preferred, are polydimethylsiloxane treated silicas such as Cab-O-Sil N70-TS.[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend., sold by the Cabot Corporation. The silica has a carbon content of 5 weight percent and a surface area of .[.70M2 /gm.]. .Iadd.70m2 /gm .Iaddend.according to the manufacturer.

The second category of silicas usable in the inventive compositions are trialkoxyalkylsilanes. An example is Aerosil R805.[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend., an experimental product available from Degussa Corporation. Aerosil R805.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.is a trimethoxyoctylsilane treated silica having a surface area of 150 m2 /gm.

The superior thixotropic performance of the inventive cyanoacrylate compositions is best obtained at silica levels of about 4-8%. These properties were demonstrated by comparative testing of an ethyl cyanoacrylate formulation containing 6% of a 0.4-0.5 million mw polymethylmethacrylate and 6% hydrophobic silica. The composition was stabilized with 5 ppm methanesulfonic acid (MSA) approximately 2500 ppm hydroquinone and 5 ppm SO2. The formulations were prepared with the aforementioned Cab-O-Sil N70-TS.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.and Aerosil R805.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.as well as two hexamethyldisilazane treated silicas (Tellenox 500.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.solb by Tulco, Inc. and Wacker HDK 2000.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.sold by Wacker-Chemie) and three-dimethyldichlorosilane treated silicas (Aerosils R972.[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend., R974.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.and R976.[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend., all sold by Degussa). Table I gives the results of comparative Brookfield viscosity and acid level (calculated as ppm MSA) determinations.

                                  TABLE I__________________________________________________________________________              Brookfield Viscosity              2.5 RPM 20 RPM              helipath                      helipath                              Ratio                                  TotalComp.    Silica         (spindle)                      (spindle)                              2.5/20                                  Acid__________________________________________________________________________A   Cab-O-Sil N70-TS .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              2.9 × 10.sup.5 (TE)                      4.2 × 10.sup.4 (TE)                              6.9 27B   Aerosil R805 .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              1.4 × 10.sup.5 (TE)                      2.8 × 10.sup.4 (TE)                              5.0 32C   Tellenox 500 .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              4.4 × 10.sup.4 (TE)                      2.1 × 10.sup.4 (TE)                              2.1 26D   Wacker HDK2000 .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              3.3 × 10.sup.2 (TA)                      3.0 × 10.sup.2 (TA)                              1.1 29E   Aerosil R972 .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              1.2 × 10.sup.4 (TC)                      3.8 × 10.sup.3 (TC)                              3.2 38F   Aerosil R974 .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              2.1 × 10.sup.4 (TC)                      5.2 × 10.sup.3 (TC)                              4.0 40G   Aerosil R976 .[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™.Iaddend.              2.6 × 10.sup.4 (TC)                      8.1 × 10.sup.3 (TC)                              3.2 39__________________________________________________________________________

As can be seen from the table, compositions A and B, which are within the invention, show much higher low shear viscosity and substantially higher thixotropic ratios than compositions C-G which are not within the invention. It was also observed that, when unagitated, compositions A and B were nonflowable gels whereas compositions C-G were all ungelled and pourable.

Compositions similar to formulation E but compounded with sufficient Aerosil R972.[.™.]..Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.to produce non-flowable gels comparable to those of compositions A and B in Table I have been prepared and have been observed to require longer fixture times than those of compositions A and B. This is believed to result from increased strong acid imparted by the dimethyldichlorosilane treated silica. The significantly higher acid numbers of compositions E-G is evidence that the dichlorosilane treated silicas do contribute strong acid to the cyanoacrylate formulations.

Both hexamethyldisilazine treated silicas had impractically low thixotropic ratios as shown by Table I. Furthermore, at least one of the hexamethyldisilazane treated silicas .[.appars.]. .Iadd.appears .Iaddend.to destabilize cyanoacrylate monomers. Formulation C, which utilizes the Tellenox 500.[.™.]. .Iadd..sup.™ .Iaddend.silica polymerized in less than one day in a sealed tube at 82° C. while compositions A, B and D-G all lasted at least 15 days under the same conditions.

It is preferred that the cyanoacrylate compositions of the invention include a minor amount of dissolved organic polymer. Suitable polymers include polyacrylates and polymethacrylates, polycyanoacrylates such as poly(ethyl cyanoacrylate), and poly(vinyl acetate) polymers and copolymers. The organic polymers are preferably included witin the range of approximately 1-15% of the composition by weight. Preferably, the organic polymers are included in the range of 3-10%. The inclusion of the organic polymer is recommended in order to prevent or significantly diminish the settling out of the silica from the inventive compositions. The compositions containing dissolved polymer are also observed to produce higher viscosities at equivalent silica concentrations and to recover thixotropic behavior faster after agitation than without dissolved polymers.

Other additives, conventional within the cyanoacrylate formulation art, may be included within the compositions of the invention without departing from the teaching hereof. Examples of such additives need not be specified since they are within the skill of those working in the art.

As mentioned above, it would be desirable for latent fingerprint developing applications to have a nonflowable form of cyanoacrylate with high vapor pressure. Gel compositions of the invention which have been stabilized to the point where they will not polymerize on contact with moisture are especially useful for such applications. The gel form pevents spillage and the over-stabilization guards against bonding of fingers ("finger-stick") are other articles. A typical such formulation includes 88% methylcyanoacrylate stabilized with 0.2% methane sulfonic acid and 2500 hydroquinone, 6% polymethylmethacrylate and 6% polydimethylsiloxane treated silica.

From the foregoing it can be seen that the invention is not limited by the specific examples set forth above, the invention being limited only as set forth in the following claims.

Claims (12)

I claim:
1. In a composition comprising an α-cyanoacrylate ester monomer and a thixotropic agent, the improvement comprising that said composition is a non-flowable gel, said thixotropic agent is present in an amount of 12% or less and is a fumed silica having a surface treated with a trialkoxyalkylsilane and the said composition has a 2.5 RPM Brookfield viscosity of about 1×105 or greater.
2. A composition as in claim 1 wherein the silica surface is treated with trimethoxyoctysilane.
3. A composition as in claim 1 comprising an organic polymer dissolved in said monomer.
4. A composition as in claim 3 wherein said polymer is selected from polyvinyl acetate polymers and copolymers, polyacrylates, polymethacrylates and polycyanoacrylates.
5. A composition as in claim 1 stabilized so as to be nonpolymerizable on contact with moisture.
6. A composition as in claim 3 wherein said polymer is present at levels of between 1 and 15% by weight.
7. A composition as in claim 6 wherein said polymer is present at levels of between 3 and 10% by weight.
8. A composition as in claim 7 wherein said polymer is polymethylmethacrylate.
9. A composition as in claim 1 wherein said silica is present in an amount between about 4 and 8% by weight.
10. A composition as in claim 9 wherein said silica is present in an amount of about 6% by weight. .Iadd.
11. A composition as in claim 1 wherein the composition viscosity is about 1×105. .Iaddend. .Iadd.12. A composition comprising:
an α-cyanoacrylate ester monomer; between 1 and 15% of a polymeric thickener; and
an amount less than 12% by weight of the composition of a trimethoxyoctylsilane treated fumed silica effective to form a thixotropic gel. .Iaddend. .Iadd.13. A composition comprising:
an α-cyanoacrylate ester monomer;
between 1 and 15% of a polymeric thickener; and
an amount in the range of about 4%-8% by weight of the composition of a trimethoxyoctylsilane treated silica, said amount of silica effective to form a thixotropic gel. .Iaddend. .Iadd.14. A composition comprising:
an α-cyanoacrylate ester monomer;
between 1 and 15% of a polymeric thickener; and
a trimethoxyoctylsilane treated silica having a surface area of about 150 m2 /gm in an amount, less than 12% by weight of the composition, effective to form a thixotropic gel. .Iaddend. .Iadd.15. A composition as in claim 12 wherein the polymeric thickener is polymethylmethacrylate. .Iaddend. .Iadd.16. A composition as in claim 13 wherein said polymeric thickener is polymethylmethacrylate and is present in the range of about
3%-10%. .Iaddend. .Iadd.17. A composition as in claim 16 wherein the monomer is methyl or ethyl cyanoacrylate. .Iaddend. .Iadd.18. A composition consisting essentially of:
methyl or ethyl cyanoacrylate;
between 1 and 15% by weight of the composition of polymethylmethacrylate; and
about 4-8% by weight of the composition of a trimethoxyoctylsilane treated silica. .Iaddend. .Iadd.19. A composition as in claim 18 which also includes a polymerization stabilizer. .Iaddend.
US06918820 1983-08-31 1986-10-14 Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions Expired - Lifetime USRE32889E (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06528275 US4477607A (en) 1983-08-31 1983-08-31 Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions
US06918820 USRE32889E (en) 1983-08-31 1986-10-14 Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06918820 USRE32889E (en) 1983-08-31 1986-10-14 Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06528275 Reissue US4477607A (en) 1983-08-31 1983-08-31 Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USRE32889E true USRE32889E (en) 1989-03-14

Family

ID=27062672

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06918820 Expired - Lifetime USRE32889E (en) 1983-08-31 1986-10-14 Thixotropic cyanoacrylate compositions

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USRE32889E (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5326845A (en) * 1991-10-22 1994-07-05 Dap Products Inc. Moisture curable silicone-urethane copolymer sealants
US5334630A (en) * 1990-09-01 1994-08-02 Bp Chemicals Limited Thixotropic compositions
US5922783A (en) * 1997-02-27 1999-07-13 Loctite Corporation Radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US6183593B1 (en) 1999-12-23 2001-02-06 Closure Medical Corporation 1,1-disubstituted ethylene adhesive compositions containing polydimethylsiloxane
US6310166B1 (en) 1999-08-12 2001-10-30 Closure Medical Corporation Sterilized cyanoacrylate solutions containing thickeners
US6353268B1 (en) 1997-08-22 2002-03-05 Micron Technology, Inc. Semiconductor die attachment method and apparatus
US20020147462A1 (en) * 2000-09-11 2002-10-10 Closure Medical Corporation Bronchial occlusion method and apparatus
US20030003277A1 (en) * 2001-05-18 2003-01-02 Cabot Corporation Ink jet recording medium comprising amine-treated silica
US6607631B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-08-19 Closure Medical Corporation Adhesive compositions with reduced coefficient of friction
US20030162857A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2003-08-28 Loctite Corporation Radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US20030208002A1 (en) * 2001-05-24 2003-11-06 John Woods Toughened cyanoacrylate adhesives containing alkene-acrylate copolymers and method for production
US6646354B2 (en) 1997-08-22 2003-11-11 Micron Technology, Inc. Adhesive composition and methods for use in packaging applications
US6673192B1 (en) 1997-09-25 2004-01-06 Loctite Corporation Multi-amine compound primers for bonding of polyolefins with cyanoacrylate adhesives
US20040034116A1 (en) * 2002-02-05 2004-02-19 Henkel Loctite Corporation Luminescing and/or fluorescing radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US6833196B1 (en) 2002-06-24 2004-12-21 Henkel Corporation Acrylic-toughened cyanoacrylate compositions
US20070092481A1 (en) * 2005-10-25 2007-04-26 Loctite (R&D) Limited Thickened cyanoacrylate compositions
US20110170939A1 (en) * 2008-09-26 2011-07-14 Henkel Corporation Cyanoacrylate compositions in non-flowable forms

Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA662626A (en) * 1963-05-07 K. Lichtenwalner Hart Process for treating fillers
US3464950A (en) * 1963-12-31 1969-09-02 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Siloxane elastomers
US3607542A (en) * 1966-10-10 1971-09-21 Fred Leonard Underwater adhesive process
US3658749A (en) * 1970-06-16 1972-04-25 Celanese Corp Modified oxymethylene polymers
US3663501A (en) * 1970-06-11 1972-05-16 Johnson & Johnson Adhesive cement
US3839065A (en) * 1968-04-08 1974-10-01 Johnson & Johnson Adhesive cement
US3896077A (en) * 1966-10-10 1975-07-22 Fred Leonard Underwater adhesive
US3915922A (en) * 1972-03-25 1975-10-28 Kanegafuchi Chemical Ind Polyvinyl chloride composition
US3940362A (en) * 1972-05-25 1976-02-24 Johnson & Johnson Cross-linked cyanoacrylate adhesive compositions
US4076685A (en) * 1972-01-25 1978-02-28 Ashland Oil, Inc. Cyanoacrylate foundry binders and process
US4102945A (en) * 1976-07-14 1978-07-25 Loctite (Ireland) Limited Filled cyanoacrylate adhesive compositions
US4105715A (en) * 1976-07-14 1978-08-08 Loctite (Ireland) Limited Cyanoacrylate adhesive paste compositions
US4130913A (en) * 1977-08-18 1978-12-26 Schlage Lock Company Door closer
US4180911A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-01-01 Applied Science Corporation Method for direct bonding of orthodontic structures to teeth using flouride pretreatment
US4180913A (en) * 1976-11-13 1980-01-01 Lion Hamigaki Kabushiki Kaisha α-Cyanoacrylate dental material and method of preparation
US4247708A (en) * 1978-01-30 1981-01-27 Toyo Soda Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for rendering fine oxide powder hydrophobic
US4320047A (en) * 1980-11-13 1982-03-16 The B. F. Goodrich Company Curable thixotropic epoxy/amine terminated liquid polymer compositions
JPH107993A (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-01-13 K S T:Kk Heat sealable sheet and its production

Patent Citations (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA662626A (en) * 1963-05-07 K. Lichtenwalner Hart Process for treating fillers
US3464950A (en) * 1963-12-31 1969-09-02 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Siloxane elastomers
US3607542A (en) * 1966-10-10 1971-09-21 Fred Leonard Underwater adhesive process
US3896077A (en) * 1966-10-10 1975-07-22 Fred Leonard Underwater adhesive
GB1392763A (en) * 1968-04-08 1975-04-30 Johnson & Johnson Adhesive composition
US3839065A (en) * 1968-04-08 1974-10-01 Johnson & Johnson Adhesive cement
US3663501A (en) * 1970-06-11 1972-05-16 Johnson & Johnson Adhesive cement
US3658749A (en) * 1970-06-16 1972-04-25 Celanese Corp Modified oxymethylene polymers
US4076685A (en) * 1972-01-25 1978-02-28 Ashland Oil, Inc. Cyanoacrylate foundry binders and process
US3915922A (en) * 1972-03-25 1975-10-28 Kanegafuchi Chemical Ind Polyvinyl chloride composition
US3940362A (en) * 1972-05-25 1976-02-24 Johnson & Johnson Cross-linked cyanoacrylate adhesive compositions
US4102945A (en) * 1976-07-14 1978-07-25 Loctite (Ireland) Limited Filled cyanoacrylate adhesive compositions
US4105715A (en) * 1976-07-14 1978-08-08 Loctite (Ireland) Limited Cyanoacrylate adhesive paste compositions
US4180913A (en) * 1976-11-13 1980-01-01 Lion Hamigaki Kabushiki Kaisha α-Cyanoacrylate dental material and method of preparation
US4130913A (en) * 1977-08-18 1978-12-26 Schlage Lock Company Door closer
US4180911A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-01-01 Applied Science Corporation Method for direct bonding of orthodontic structures to teeth using flouride pretreatment
US4247708A (en) * 1978-01-30 1981-01-27 Toyo Soda Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for rendering fine oxide powder hydrophobic
US4320047A (en) * 1980-11-13 1982-03-16 The B. F. Goodrich Company Curable thixotropic epoxy/amine terminated liquid polymer compositions
JPH107993A (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-01-13 K S T:Kk Heat sealable sheet and its production

Non-Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Instant Krazy Glue" Brochure, 2 pp., 1985, Krazy Glue Inc., N.Y. 10010.
Chemical Abstracts, vol. 89: 2164754, p. 51. *
Chemical Abstracts, vol. 91: 40 424c, p. 40. *
Chemical Abstracts, vol. 92: 95 114b, p. 31. *
Chemical Abstsracts, vol. 89: 117907c, p. 547. *
Instant Krazy Glue Brochure, 2 pp., 1985, Krazy Glue Inc., N.Y. 10010. *

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5334630A (en) * 1990-09-01 1994-08-02 Bp Chemicals Limited Thixotropic compositions
US5326845A (en) * 1991-10-22 1994-07-05 Dap Products Inc. Moisture curable silicone-urethane copolymer sealants
US5922783A (en) * 1997-02-27 1999-07-13 Loctite Corporation Radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US6709896B1 (en) 1997-08-22 2004-03-23 Micron Technology, Inc. Methods for use in packaging applications using an adhesive composition
US6646354B2 (en) 1997-08-22 2003-11-11 Micron Technology, Inc. Adhesive composition and methods for use in packaging applications
US6353268B1 (en) 1997-08-22 2002-03-05 Micron Technology, Inc. Semiconductor die attachment method and apparatus
US6699928B2 (en) 1997-08-22 2004-03-02 Micron Technology, Inc. Adhesive composition for use in packaging applications
US6673192B1 (en) 1997-09-25 2004-01-06 Loctite Corporation Multi-amine compound primers for bonding of polyolefins with cyanoacrylate adhesives
US6310166B1 (en) 1999-08-12 2001-10-30 Closure Medical Corporation Sterilized cyanoacrylate solutions containing thickeners
US6743858B2 (en) 1999-08-12 2004-06-01 Closure Medical Corporation Sterilized cyanoacrylate solutions containing thickeners
US6433096B1 (en) 1999-08-12 2002-08-13 Closure Medical Corporation Sterilized cyanoacrylate solutions containing thickeners
US6183593B1 (en) 1999-12-23 2001-02-06 Closure Medical Corporation 1,1-disubstituted ethylene adhesive compositions containing polydimethylsiloxane
US6488944B2 (en) 1999-12-23 2002-12-03 Closure Medical Corporation 1, 1-disubstituted ethylene adhesive compositions containing polydimethylsiloxane
US6607631B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-08-19 Closure Medical Corporation Adhesive compositions with reduced coefficient of friction
US20020147462A1 (en) * 2000-09-11 2002-10-10 Closure Medical Corporation Bronchial occlusion method and apparatus
US6861115B2 (en) 2001-05-18 2005-03-01 Cabot Corporation Ink jet recording medium comprising amine-treated silica
US20030003277A1 (en) * 2001-05-18 2003-01-02 Cabot Corporation Ink jet recording medium comprising amine-treated silica
US20050123697A1 (en) * 2001-05-18 2005-06-09 Cabot Corporation Ink jet recording medium comprising amine-treated silica
US6964992B2 (en) 2001-05-18 2005-11-15 Cabot Corporation Ink jet recording medium comprising amine-treated silica
US6822052B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2004-11-23 Henkel Corporation Toughened cyanoacrylate adhesives containing alkene-acrylate copolymers and method for production
US20030208002A1 (en) * 2001-05-24 2003-11-06 John Woods Toughened cyanoacrylate adhesives containing alkene-acrylate copolymers and method for production
US20030162857A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2003-08-28 Loctite Corporation Radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US6867241B2 (en) 2002-01-31 2005-03-15 Henkel Corporation Radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US7064155B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2006-06-20 Henkel Corporation Luminescing and/or fluorescing radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US20040034116A1 (en) * 2002-02-05 2004-02-19 Henkel Loctite Corporation Luminescing and/or fluorescing radiation-curable, cyanoacrylate-containing compositions
US6833196B1 (en) 2002-06-24 2004-12-21 Henkel Corporation Acrylic-toughened cyanoacrylate compositions
US20070092481A1 (en) * 2005-10-25 2007-04-26 Loctite (R&D) Limited Thickened cyanoacrylate compositions
US8192731B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2012-06-05 Loctite (R&D) Limited Thickened cyanoacrylate compositions
US20110170939A1 (en) * 2008-09-26 2011-07-14 Henkel Corporation Cyanoacrylate compositions in non-flowable forms
US9457613B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2016-10-04 Henkel IP & Holding GmbH Cyanoacrylate compositions in non-flowable forms
US9828529B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2017-11-28 Henkel IP & Holding GmbH Cyanoacrylate compositions in non-flowable forms

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3528940A (en) Silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive of improved strength
US3257478A (en) Pressure sensitive adhesive compositions
US3046262A (en) Accelerated anaerobic curing compositions
US4710536A (en) Pressure-sensitive adhesive tape containing hydrophobic silica
US3282773A (en) Adhesive composition and method of bonding using alpha-cyanoacrylate esters and vinyl aromatics
US3435012A (en) Anaerobic sealant composition containing monoacrylate esters
US4749590A (en) Pressure-sensitive adhesive tape containing hydrophobic silica
US3578622A (en) Sprayable adhesive
US5580915A (en) Silicone adhesive compositions with improved quick stick
US2895950A (en) Compositions containing hydroperoxide polymerization catalyst and acrylate acid diester
US4675346A (en) UV curable silicone rubber compositions
US3041322A (en) Anaerobic curing compositions containing acrylic acid diesters
US5427851A (en) Pressure sensitive adhesive and adhesive coated product
US6183593B1 (en) 1,1-disubstituted ethylene adhesive compositions containing polydimethylsiloxane
US4687827A (en) Brushing cyanoacrylates: packaging and method
US4654388A (en) Latex adhesives for floor laying
US3832334A (en) Cyanoacrylate adhesive compositions having improved thermal resistance
US4256870A (en) Solventless release compositions, methods and articles of manufacture
US3663501A (en) Adhesive cement
US20060094833A1 (en) Shock resistant cyanoacrylate compositions
US5486426A (en) Cold sealable cohesive polymer coated polyolefin substrate
US3525689A (en) Organic liquids thickened with silica-silicate materials
EP0439941A1 (en) Aqueous, repositionable, high peel strength pressure sensitive adhesives
US5328944A (en) Cyanoacrylate adhesives with improved cured thermal properties
US5455066A (en) Water-containing adhesive based on casein

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12