USRE24572E - Fluteless swaging tap - Google Patents

Fluteless swaging tap Download PDF

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USRE24572E
USRE24572E US24572DE USRE24572E US RE24572 E USRE24572 E US RE24572E US 24572D E US24572D E US 24572DE US RE24572 E USRE24572 E US RE24572E
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tap
thread
sectors
fluteless
pitch
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G7/00Forming thread by means of tools similar both in form and in manner of use to thread-cutting tools, but without removing any material
    • B23G7/02Tools for this purpose
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T407/00Cutters, for shaping
    • Y10T407/10Cutters, for shaping including noncutting work modifying means

Description

2, 1953 v D. P. WELLES, JR Re. 24,572
FLUTELESS SWAGING TAP Original Filed A rifz, 1956 INVENTOR.
DONALD P. WELLS JR.
PARKER a CARTER ATTORNEYS United States Patent FLUTELESS SWAGING TAP Donald P. Welles, Jr., Rockford, Ill., assignor to Besley- Welles Corporation, Beloit, Wis., a corporation of Illinois Original No. 2,807,813, dated October 1, 1957, Serial No.
575,733, April 3, 1956. Application for reissue November 14, 1957, Serial No. 696,582
3 Claims. (31. 10-152 Matter enclosed in heavy brackets appears in the original patent but forms no part of this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.
This invention relates to improvements in fiuteless taps of the kind adapted for forming interior threads in ductile metal.
The principal object of the invention is to provide an improved form of fiuteless tap which forms the internal threads by displacing or swaging the metal rather than by cutting, or otherwise displacing the metal.
The invention may best be understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side-view of a tap constructed in accordance with my invention, and illustrating the manner in which it is introduced into a smooth bore for threading the latter;
Figure 2 is an end view of the tap shown in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a section taken on line 3-3 of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a side view of a modified form of tap embodying my invention, having a thread of uniform diameter rather than having the first few threads of gradually reduced diameter as illustrated in the form of the preceding figures, and with left-hand rather than right-hand threads; and
Figure 5 is a sectional view of a tap bore, showing in an exaggerated manner the swaging action of the tap in the bore.
Referring now to details of the embodiment of the invention shown in Figures 1 to 3 inclusive, of the drawing, the fiuteless tap indicated generally at has a shank 11 of conventional cylindrical form in which the threads of the tap are formed at one end, terminating in a point 12 of conventional form. Several thread turns 13, 13 adjacent the shank are formed with a uniform maximum diameter which form the main threadforming portion of the tap and determine the final shape of the thread in the work but a few of the thread turns 14, 15 and 16 are of gradually reduced diameter as they approach the point 12 so as to form, in efiect, what is familiarly termed a tapered thread adjacent the point.
As will be seen from Figures 2 and 3, the thread turns of the tapered portion, and most, if not all, of the adjacent thread turns, are formed with varying outside, pitch and root diameters for each turn of the thread circumferentially of the tap. As seen in Figure 2, these variations in the three diameters mentioned are produced uniformly in three sectors AB, B-C, and CA of each thread turn by gradually decreasing these three diameters, which are at maximum size at radial line A, to a minimum diameter at a point approximately midway of said sector, and then gradually increasing these three diameters to the maximum size at line B. The same variation in diameters is then repeated for sectors B-C and CA of each turn of the thread. For convenience, this variation in the outside, pitch and root diameters through each sector may be termed a radial relief.
This radial relief of the several sectors can perhaps "ice be clearly visualized by explaining that if the continuous thread were developed along a plane instead of circume ferentially of the tap, the thread would follow a substantially sinuous curve relative to said plane.
In the illustrated form shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, each turn of the thread has three sectors and the sectors of each turn are in axially registering relation to each other. It will be readily understood that the number of sectors for each turn of the thread-may be varied, if desired, although in practice I find the three or four sectors are preferable.
It will be furthermore noted that the threads have a substantially uniform cross-section taken on any plane intersecting the axis of the tap, for the full length of the threaded portion of the tap. Thus, the thread is of substantially uniform V-shape in cross-section, excepting for minor differences in the widths of the thread flanks 17 and 17' due to the tapered end thread turns 14 and .15.
In the modified form of fiuteless tap shown in Figure 4, the same form of relief is utilized in the thread turns, but in this instance all of the threads are maintained at a uniform maximum and minimum diameter throughout the threaded portion of the tap.
In practice I find an advantageous method of producing the novel form of thread above described is by means of a grinding operation, in which the grinding wheel is moved toward and away from the tap while the latter is being rotated relative to the grinding wheel.
In practice, my improved form of fiuteless tap is preferably introduced in a previously bored hole 19 of a work piece indicated at 20, which hole is of substantially the same diameter as the final pitch diameter of the thread as indicated in Figures 1 and 5. The tap is then rotated so as to screw it into the hole. The internal threads are formed by displacing the metal with a swaging action, as illustrated in an exaggerated diagrammatic manner in Figure 5. It has been demonstrated that due to the novel form of the tap thread with its radial relief, an interior. thread may be produced in the work with greater ease, and with much less torsional efiort and generation of heat, than with a tap of corresponding size without the radial relief which characterizes my invention.
Although I have shown and described certain embodiments of my invention, it will be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the exact construction shown and described, but that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
I claim:
[1. A fiuteless tap comprising a shank and a main thread-forming tap portion having a continuous thread formed with a series of successive radially relieved sectors circumferentially of the tap, and said thread being substantially uniform in cross section and of substantially equal depth taken in all planes intersecting the axis of said tap longitudinally thereof] [2. The structure of claim 1, wherein the radially relieved sectors of the thread have gradually increasing outside, pitch, and root diameters merging gradually into gradually decreasing outside, pitch, and root diameters] [3. The structure of claim 1, wherein successive turns of the thread have the same number of axially registering radially relieved sectors] [4. The structure of claim 1 wherein the tap also has a tapered end portion with successive sectors having gradually reduced outside, pitch and root diameters toward the extreme end of the tap.]
5. A fiuteless thread forming tool for threading a generally cylindrical surface, the tool having a cylindrical portion with a continuous thread formed with a series of successive radially relieved sectors circumjerentially of the tool with gradually increasing outside, pitch, and root diameters merging gradually into gradually decreasing outside, pitch, and root diameters, the thread being substantially uniform in cross section and of substantially equal depth taken in all planes intersecting the axis of said. tool longitudinally thereof,,a. tapered threaded end.
portion on said tool of substantially full thread depth with successive sectors having gradually varying. outside, pitch, and root diameters toward the extreme. end. of the tool, the extreme pitch diameter of the thread on the cylindricalportion being generally of the. order of the diameter of the cylindrical. surface to. be threaded,v the crest. diameter ofat least one of the threads toward the extreme end of the tapered portion being substantially the. same as. thepitch diameter of. the cylindrical portion, the threaded end portion being a non-interrupted. continuationv of the continuous thread on the cylindrical portion.-
6. The. structure of claim 5- ;further characterized in that the radially relieved sectors on-the cylindrical portion are axially aligned.
4 7. The structure of claim 5 further characterized in that successive turns of the thread have the same number of axially registering radially relieved sectors.
References Cited in the file of this patent or the original patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,676.482 De Lapotterie July 10, 1928 1,922,689 Linnenbruegge Aug. 15, 1933' 2,301,679 Bouget Nov. 10, 1942 2,352,982 Tomalis' July 4,- 1944 2,388,779 Boehmler Nov. 13, 1945 2,556,174 Evans June 12, 1951 2,703,419 Barth Mar. 8, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 4,271 Great Britain Dec. 11, 1874 547,596 Germany Apr. 1, 1932,
US24572D 1956-04-03 Fluteless swaging tap Expired USRE24572E (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2991491A (en) * 1958-11-21 1961-07-11 Besly Welles Corp Fluteless swaging tap with sizing area increasing at a constant rate
US3180202A (en) * 1963-05-28 1965-04-27 Gen Am Transport Fluteless thread-forming tools
US3209383A (en) * 1961-09-15 1965-10-05 Textron Ind Inc Fluted lobular thread-forming members
US3377906A (en) * 1966-05-02 1968-04-16 Res Engineering And Mfg Inc Thread-forming tool
US3426820A (en) * 1967-10-05 1969-02-11 Res Eng & Mfg High friction screw
US3520343A (en) * 1967-09-18 1970-07-14 Detroit Bank & Trust Co Self-tapping locking screw
US20060056940A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 The Esab Group, Inc. Fastening arrangement employing thread-forming screw

Families Citing this family (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3097426A (en) * 1963-07-16 A hill
US3038253A (en) * 1958-04-28 1962-06-12 Besly Welles Corp Method of contracting a hole and tool therefor
DE1157884B (en) * 1958-11-21 1963-11-21 Besly Welles Corp Threaded pusher bolt or mandrel
US3067509A (en) * 1959-11-23 1962-12-11 Besly Welles Corp Hole diameter reducing tool
US3193857A (en) * 1961-03-24 1965-07-13 Gen Am Transport Methods of producing strong threaded anchorages
US3195156A (en) * 1961-06-27 1965-07-20 Res Engineering And Mfg Inc Method of producing thread swaging devices
US3918345A (en) * 1961-06-27 1975-11-11 Res Eng & Mfg Thread forming fasteners
US3226743A (en) * 1961-12-19 1966-01-04 British Tap & Die Company Fluteless taps
US3426642A (en) * 1962-02-05 1969-02-11 Res Eng & Mfg Self-tapping screws with threadforming projections
US3171146A (en) * 1962-03-22 1965-03-02 Vermont American Corp Thread swaging tap
US3248747A (en) * 1962-11-01 1966-05-03 Nuckey Scott & Company Ltd Fluteless taps
US3180126A (en) * 1962-11-14 1965-04-27 Textron Ind Inc Self-tapping screw and method of manufacture
US3269006A (en) * 1964-08-20 1966-08-30 Besly Welles Corp Method of swaging metal tubes onto internal members
US3656197A (en) * 1971-04-12 1972-04-18 Balax Inc Reusable swaging tap
FR2611154A1 (en) * 1987-02-20 1988-08-26 Rineau Freres Outillage Armor Tap with a guide working by upsetting
GB2249510B (en) * 1990-09-14 1994-03-09 Martin John Michael Murphy Component with threaded hole
GB2404604B (en) 2003-08-04 2006-03-08 Adcock Tech Ltd A tap and a method of tapping
DE102004033772A1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-03-23 EMUGE-Werk Richard Glimpel GmbH & Co. KG Fabrik für Präzisionswerkzeuge Tool, in particular Gewindefurcher, designed and intended for non-cutting finished production of a vorerzeugten thread, method for producing such a tool and method for producing a thread

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE547596C (en) * 1932-04-01 Siemens & Halske Akt Ges Production of female threads in thin sheets
GB187404271A (en) * 1874-12-11 1875-04-08
US1676482A (en) * 1921-12-05 1928-07-10 Roy H Smith Method and means for threading nut blanks
US2703419A (en) * 1951-03-06 1955-03-08 Barth Corp Method and tool for swaging internal threads

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2991491A (en) * 1958-11-21 1961-07-11 Besly Welles Corp Fluteless swaging tap with sizing area increasing at a constant rate
US3209383A (en) * 1961-09-15 1965-10-05 Textron Ind Inc Fluted lobular thread-forming members
US3180202A (en) * 1963-05-28 1965-04-27 Gen Am Transport Fluteless thread-forming tools
US3377906A (en) * 1966-05-02 1968-04-16 Res Engineering And Mfg Inc Thread-forming tool
US3520343A (en) * 1967-09-18 1970-07-14 Detroit Bank & Trust Co Self-tapping locking screw
US3426820A (en) * 1967-10-05 1969-02-11 Res Eng & Mfg High friction screw
US20060056940A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 The Esab Group, Inc. Fastening arrangement employing thread-forming screw
US7179036B2 (en) * 2004-09-13 2007-02-20 The Esab Group, Inc. Fastening arrangement employing thread-forming screw

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