USRE23612E - Transparent hollow toy ball - Google Patents

Transparent hollow toy ball Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE23612E
USRE23612E US23612DE USRE23612E US RE23612 E USRE23612 E US RE23612E US 23612D E US23612D E US 23612DE US RE23612 E USRE23612 E US RE23612E
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toy
compartments
liquid
compartment
chamber
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys

Description

Jan. 13, 1953 c" ABEL TRANSPARENT HOLLOW TOY BALL.

Original Filed May 20, 1946 lhlh I Mon 4 60/2054 4551., if. 4 INVENTOR.

Ilb

Reissued Jan. 13, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE TRANSPARENT HOLLOW TOY BALL Mona Cordell Abel, Kew Garden Hills, N. Y.

Original No. 2,515,171, dated July 18, 1950, Serial No. 670,989, May 20, 1946. Application for reissue July 16, 1951, Serial No. 237,004

A 14 Claims. (CI. 4641) Matter enclosed in heavy brackets appears in the original patent but forms no part of this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.

The present invention relates to a hollow transparent or translucent toy containing a body of liquid, such as water, which can gravitate or be forced from one chamber to another while at the same time causing interesting and amusing visual and optical effects.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a transparent plastic toy of hollow construction divided into chambers and containing a body of liquid which is transferrable from one chamber to another by gravity or by pressure.

Another object of the invention resides in providing a hollow transparent toy divided into chambers by a. partition which affords communication between the chambers.

A further object of the invention comprises the provision of a hollow transparent toy which, upon successive inversions, displays interesting, amusing and attractive effects.

Other and still further objects and advantages will be appreciated by those skilled in this art or will be apparent or pointed out hereinafter.

In the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is a vertical medial section taken through a preferred toy embodying my present invention.

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but in which the toy has been rotated through an angle of 180.

Fig. 3 is an elevational view of a modified form of toy having a barrel shape.

Fig. 4 is an elevational view of a dumb-bellshaped form of toy.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view of the partition showing the relationship of the port to a spherical object within the toy.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view showing a detail of the invention drawn to an enlarged scale to show the sealing means at the joint of the two halves of the toy.

The toy of Figs. 1 and 2 may be spherical or globular and will be hereinafter termed ballshaped for convenience and brevity, it being understood that such term is used in its broad and generic sense embracing numerous variations in size, outline and appearance. The ball-shaped form of toy represents the preferred embodiment of the invention and is composed of three structural members, namely, the hemispherical members l0 and It and the compartmenting member I2 which divides the hollow interior into a plurality of chambers l3 and i4. Members to and II are preferably of transparent plastic material but may be made of glass, if desired, or other suitable material. For best results, members l0 and II should be clear and highly transparent, but may, optionally, be translucent or partially decorated on portions of their surfaces to carry out a desired motif or to suggest or enhance a desired visual or optical effect. Either of the hemispherical members (II in the particular illustration shown in the drawing) may be shaped to receive the other, such as the offset flange l5 of hemisphere II and at such flange members II), II and 12 are cemented together in permanent association.

Compartmenting member I2 is provided with one or more apertures I6 which afford communication between chambers l3 and It. These apertures may be centrally located, as shown, or may be arranged in a pattern or group in one or more areas of member l2. While a frusto-conical shield I1 is shown as surrounding one side of apertures [6, such may be omitted, if preferred, or varied as to shape and size. An arcuate ventpipe l8 rises from one side of member t2 (the opposite side from shield l1) adjacent the outer edge of such member and extends well up into chamber l3, terminating close to the paddles I9 01' rotatable water-wheel 20 mounted on a standard 2i projecting radially inwardly from the polar portion of hemisphere HI. Member I2 is provided with an aperture 22 which of relatively long and narrow oval shape and the central part of which communicates with the bore of ventpipe I8. l E

The toy contains a body of liquid, preferably water, a body of air or other gas, and a suitable assortment of balls 23, imitation fish 24 and imitation turtles 25 and/or other marine animals and objects, some being on each side of member I2. A toy figure, represented at 26, is positioned at the polar portion of hemisphere II and extends radially inwardly as illustrated, the said figure being diametrically opposite waterwheel 20 and both being in line with one or more (preferably a group) of apertures it. Each of the members [0 and II has an external base 21 at its polar portion which is capable of serving as a stand.

When the toy is in the position of Fig. 1. the liquid, which was all in chamber [3 from a previous cycle of operation, "rains" or showers down through apertures Ii onto Figure 28. Shield ll limits the area of the raining efiect and, more importantly, prevents liquid passing through apertures I6 from following along the under-surface of member 12 as an advancing film. It is preferred to add a surface active agent to the liquid to lower the surface tension thereof and to ensure the raining" eifect, said agent being any of the many compounds well-known for reducing surface tensions, such as the cationic agents or the quaternary ammonium type. Air displaced by the transfer of liquid from chamber I! to chamber ll passes through aperture 22 and vent-pipe II, the movement of air causing some turning oi water-wheel ill. The tree objects in chamber I! drop with the lowering liquid level and the objects in chamber ll rise with the rising liquid level. These objects are preferably, but not necessarily, buoyant so that they float and they are usually appropriately or attractively colored, in this connection it being pointed out that the water or other liquid body may also be colored as by the addition of a dye or coloring material.

when the toy is inverted to the position of Fig. 2. liquid runs down vent-pipe l8 and impinges against the vanes of the water-wheel 20 to turn it. Displaced air finds its way up through the apertures ID. The character of aperture 22 prevents it from being sealed oil it one of the balls 23 or objects happens to rest over such aperture as will be appreciated.

Instead of making the toy ball-shaped, it may, if desired, be given some other form such as that of a barrel (Fig. 3) or a dumb-bell (Fig. 4) Besides, the toy, if desired, may have more than two compartments or chambers all of which may communicate. These modifications will be understood without any detailed explanation thereof in view of the numerals thereon. Other modifications may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or principle of the invention which is rather defined by the appended claims.

I! desired, a highly volatile liquid may be used in place of the water, in which case, application of the warm hand to the surface of the upper compartment ll in Fig. 2, would speed up the transfer of the liquid from the upper to the lower chamber via tube I8. In such case, however, it would be desirable to evacuate the air from the toy before sealing.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is: a

1. An invertable toy comprising a pair of transparent hollow sections secured together to form a chamber, an apertured compartmenting member secured within said chamber and dividing the interior into a pair of compartments, a rotatable water-wheel disposed in one or the compartments, a toy figure disposed in the other of said compartments, a quantity of liquid within the toy, said liquid being transierrable selectively from one compartment to the other via said apertures, said toy also containing a plurality of free objects, external base portions on opposite sides of the toy so located that when the toy rests on one base the figure is showered with liquid and a vent pipe providing communication between said compartments, the area of opening in said vent pipe being greater than the area of any of the apertures.

2. A ball-shaped toy comprising a pair 01' hollow transparent plastic hemispheres secured together to form a spherical chamber, an apertured partition dividing the interior oi the chamber into a pair of hemispherical compartments, a rotatable water-wheel disposed at the polar portion of one hemisphere, a toy figure disposed at the polar portion of the other hemisphere, a body of liquid within the toy, said liquid being transierrable selectively from one compartment to the other via said apertures by inverting said toy alternately from one base to the other, said toy also containing a plurality of free objects, and an external base on the polar portion of each such hemisphere, said partition being also provided with a vent-pipe, the bore of which communicates with an elongated aperture in said member.

3. An invertable toy comprising a plurality of transparent plastic hollow sections secured together to form a chamber, an apertured partition member secured within said toy and dividing the interior into a pair of compartments. an object having a movable portion disposed adjacent one end or said chamber, a toy figure disposed at the other end of said chamber, a body of liquid wholly receivable within one oi. the compartments, an external base on each end of the toy and a pipe providing communication between said compartments, the distal end of said pipe terminating in close proximity to said movable portion of said object.

4. A ball-shaped toy comprising a pair of hollow transparent plastic hemispheres secured together to form a spherical chamber, an apertured partition member secured between said hemispheres and dividing the interior into a pair of hemispherical compartments, a pipe providing communication between said compartments, an object having a movable portion disposed at the polar portion oi one hemisphere, one end 01' said pipe terminating in close proximity to said movable portion, a toy figure disposed at the polar portion of the other hemisphere, a body of liquid wholly receivable within one of the compartments and transferrable selectively from the compartment having said movable portion, to the other via said apertures, and from the other compartment to the first-mentioned compartment via said pipe, the toy also containing a plurality of tree objects and an external base on the polar portion of each such hemisphere, said toy figure being in line with apertures in said member.

5. A toy comprising a pair of transparent hollow sections secured together to form a hermetically sealed chamber, an apertured compartmenting member secured within said chamber and dividing the interior thereoi into compartments, a fixed object having a movable part and disposed in one compartment remote from said member, a toy figure disposed in the other compartment remote from said member, a body of liquid within the toy transferrable from one compartment to the other and containing a plurality of objects and an external base on each section at opposite ends of the chamber, said body of liquid having a volume not greater than sufllcient to fill one or the compartments and containing a surface-active agent which lowers its surface tension appreciably.

6. A ball-shaped toy comprising a pair of hollow transparent plastic hemispheres secured together to form a spherical chamber, an apertured compartmenting [chamber] m mber secured within said hemispheres and dividing the interior into a pair of hemispherical compartments, a pipe providing communication between said compartments, a rotatable water-wheel disposed at the polar region of one hemisphere, a toy figure disposed at the polar region of the other hemisphere, a body of liquid within the chamber transferrable selectively from the water-wheel compartment to the other via said apertures, and from said other compartment to the water-wheel compartment via said pipe, a plurality or tree objects within the chamber and an external base on the polar portion of each such hemisphere, said body of liquid containing a surface-active agent which lowers its surface tension appreciably.

'l. A toy comprising a hollow transparent plastic body, an apertured partition member dividing the interior of the body into a pair of compartments, a rotatable water-wheel disposed at one end of one compartment, a toy figure disposed at an end of the other compartment, a body of liquid within the toy and containing a plurality of tree objects, said liquid being transferrable selectively from one compartment to the other via said apertures, and an external base on the end of each such compartment, said partition member being also provided with a ventpipe, the bore of which communicates with an elongated aperture in said member, and the distal end of said pipe terminating in close proximity to said water-wheel.

8. An invertable toy comprising a pair of transparent hollow sections secured together to form a hermetically sealed chamber, an apertured compartmenting member secured within said chamber and dividing the interior into a pair of compartments, an object having a movable portion disposed in one of the compartments, a quantity of liquid within the toy, said liquid being transferrable selectively from one compartment to the other via said apertures, and a vent pipe providing communication between said compartments.

9. An invertable toy comprising a plurality of transparent plastic hollow sections secured together to form a chamber, an apertured partition member secured within said toy and dividing the interior into a pair of compartments, an object having a movable portion disposed in one of said compartments, a toy figure disposed in the other compartment, a body of liquid receivable within one of the compartments, an external base on each end of the toy and a pipe providing communication between said compartments.

10. A ball-shaped toy comprising a pair of hollow transparent plastic hemispheres secured together to form a spherical chamber, an apertured partition member secured between said hemispheres and dividing the interior into a pair of hemispherical compartments, a pipe providing communication between said compartments, an object having a movable portion disposed in one hemisphere, one end of said pipe terminating in close proximity to said movable (portion, a toy figure disposed in the other hemisph re, a body of liquid wholly receivable within one of the compartments and transferrable selectively from the compartment having said movable portion, to the other via said apertures, and from the other compartment to the flrstmentioned compartment via said pipe.

11. A toy comprising a pair of transparent hollow sections secured together to form a hermctically sealed chamber, an apertured compartmenting member secured within said chamber and dividing the interior thereof into compart ments, 0, fixed object having a movable part and disposed in one compartment, a toy figure disposed in the other compartment, a. body of liquid within the toy transferrable from one compartment to the other, and an external base on each section at opposite ends of the chamber, said body of liquid having a. volume not greater than suyicient to fill one of the compartments and containing a surface-active agent which lowers its surface tension appreciably.

12. A toy comprising a hollow transparent plastic body, an apertured partition member dividing the interior of the body into a pair of compartments, a rotatable water-wheel disposed in one compartment, a toy figure disposed in the other compartment, a body of liquid within the toy and containing a plurality of free objects, said liquid being transferrable selectively from one compartment to the other via said apertures, said partition member being also provided with a vent-pipe, the bore of which communicates with an elongated aperture in said member, and the distal end of said pipe terminating in close proximity to said water-wheel.

13. An invertable toy comprising a plurality of transparent plastic hollow sections secured together to form a chamber, an apertured partition member secured within said toy and dividing the interior into a pair of compartments, a pipe providing communication between said compartments, an object having a. movable portion disposed in one of said compartments, one end of said pipe terminating in proximity to said movable portion, a body of liquid wholly receivable within one of the compartments and transferrable selectively from the compartment having said movable portion to the other via said apertures, and from the other compartment to the first-mentioned compartment via said pipe.

14. A device comprising a hollow spherical housing of transparent material, a diametrical partition in said housing dividing the housing into two substantially equal compartments, said partition having therein one aperture located adjacent the wall of said housing and a second aperture smaller than said first aperture and spaced therefrom, a curved tube secured at one end in said one aperture and extending along the interior surface of the wall of said housing substantially to a location at which a diameter of said housing perpendicular to said partition intersects the wall of said housing in one of said compartments, a liquid level indicator in the other of said compartments, a body of liquid in said housing, and a base on said housing arranged to support said housing on a substantially horizontal surface with said partition substantially horizontal and with said one compartment above and said other compartment below said partition, the quantity of liquid in said housing being such as to require a predetermined time to pass through said second aperture from the upper to the lower compartment and being quickly returnable through said tube from said other to said one compartment when said housing is inverted.

MONA CORDELL ABEL.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent or the original patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 362,421 Buddington May 3, 1887 2,115,986 Da Costa May 3, 1938 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 374,124 Great Britain June 6, 1932 515,089 Germany Dec. 24, 1930 516,946 Germany May 26, 1931

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3071888A (en) * 1962-07-27 1963-01-08 Philip H Knott Bubbling amusement devices
US3334899A (en) * 1964-06-29 1967-08-08 John M Bosko Weighted fluid-containing exerciser with transparent walls
US5110636A (en) * 1991-02-05 1992-05-05 Giftec, Ltd. Decorative display device
WO1994007227A1 (en) * 1992-09-14 1994-03-31 Taggart Judith F Portable water pollution model and method
WO2000020291A1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2000-04-13 Allure Home Creation Co., Inc. Container
US20090031612A1 (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-05 Eric Heine Non-chemical fly repellant device
US20110076426A1 (en) * 2009-09-28 2011-03-31 Adams Crystal V Decorative golf figurine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3071888A (en) * 1962-07-27 1963-01-08 Philip H Knott Bubbling amusement devices
US3334899A (en) * 1964-06-29 1967-08-08 John M Bosko Weighted fluid-containing exerciser with transparent walls
US5110636A (en) * 1991-02-05 1992-05-05 Giftec, Ltd. Decorative display device
WO1994007227A1 (en) * 1992-09-14 1994-03-31 Taggart Judith F Portable water pollution model and method
US5427530A (en) * 1992-09-14 1995-06-27 Taggart; Judith F. Model kit and method for simulating water pollution
WO2000020291A1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2000-04-13 Allure Home Creation Co., Inc. Container
US20090031612A1 (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-05 Eric Heine Non-chemical fly repellant device
US20110076426A1 (en) * 2009-09-28 2011-03-31 Adams Crystal V Decorative golf figurine
US8293342B2 (en) * 2009-09-28 2012-10-23 Adams Crystal V Decorative golf figurine

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