USRE20335E - Electric valve translating circuit - Google Patents

Electric valve translating circuit Download PDF

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USRE20335E
USRE20335E US20335DE USRE20335E US RE20335 E USRE20335 E US RE20335E US 20335D E US20335D E US 20335DE US RE20335 E USRE20335 E US RE20335E
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circuit
current
valves
electric
control
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05FSYSTEMS FOR REGULATING ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G05F1/00Automatic systems in which deviations of an electric quantity from one or more predetermined values are detected at the output of the system and fed back to a device within the system to restore the detected quantity to its predetermined value or values, i.e. retroactive systems
    • G05F1/10Regulating voltage or current
    • G05F1/12Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable actually regulated by the final control device is ac
    • G05F1/40Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable actually regulated by the final control device is ac using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices as final control devices
    • G05F1/42Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable actually regulated by the final control device is ac using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices as final control devices discharge tubes only

Description

2 7- I .H'. w. LORD Re. 20,335
mctRIc VALVE TRANSLMING CIRCUIT 01-1 mm r-na Nov. 16, i933 Grid Rte/ Hal Cat/vi arwvlt 7 I nvntor: Harold W Lord,
by M, 5.8%
His Attprney.
Rami- Apr. 20, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE General New York Electric Company, a corporation of Original No. 1,970,515, dated August 14, 1934,, Serial No. 698,298, November ,16, 1933. Application for reissue June 28, 1935, Serial No.
15 Claims. My invention relates to electric valve translating circuits and more particularly to such cir-,
cults in which the amount of current flowing in a circuit is controlled by controlling the conductivity of an electric valve.
Heretofore there have been devised numerous arrangements in which the current flowing in a circuit might be controlled by means of one or more electric valves. In general, at least two electric valves have been most satisfactory. In
the case of transmitting current from an alternating current to a direct current circuit, these valves perform the combined function 01 recti-' fying and controlling the current. In such cases they are usually connected in a conventional manner for securing full wave rectification. On the other hand, when it is desired to control the current flowing in an alternating current circuit, it is customary to connect a pair of such electric valves reversely in parallel so that each valve conducts half cycles of alternating current of a given polarity. In both of these cases it is ,customary to excite the control electrodes of the electric valves symmetrically so that each elec- 5 tric valve carries its proportionate part of the load current. "This type of control of electric valves has usually been accomplished by means of a control transformer provided with one or more secondary windings connected to the con- .trol electrodesof the several electric valves. In
the majority of applications involving an appreciable amount of power, the use of valves of the gaseous or vapor electric discharge type has been found particularly favorable because of the relatively large amounts of power which may be handled at ordinary operating voltages, and because of the extremelyhigh efilciency of these valves. Certain of these valves, however, require an appreciable amount of control energy. When the amount of energy available for exciting the control electrodes of the electric valves is ex tremely small, it sometimes becomes difllcult to means of an extremely small amount of control energy. Y
4 It is a further object of my invention to provide an improved electric valve translating system' in which the amount of current flowing in the system may be controlled by the electric valves by impressing an external control potential on a single one of the electric valves.
In accordance with my invention in its broadest aspects a source of current is interconnected with a load circuit through means including a pair-of controlled electric valves. An external control circuit is connected to the control electrode of only one of the electric valves. The other of the electric valves is normally maintained nonconductive, but there is provided means responsive to the conductivity of the first electric valve for rendering conductive the second electric valve. In one embodiment of my invention, this is efl'ected by interconnecting the load circuit with the source through a transformer connected in series with a pair of electric valves reversely connected in parallel. An external control circuit is connected to the control electrode of one of the valves, while the control electrode of the other valve includes a negative bias battery and an auxiliary winding of the transformer. when current flows in the valve controlled from the external circuit, a voltage is induced. in the auxiliary winding of the transformer of proper polarity nected in parallel, which, in turn, interconnects the source with the load circuit. An external control circuit is connected'to the control electrode of one of the valves, while the control electrode of the other'valve is excited with the output of thecm'rent transformer and a negative bias battery.
For a better understanding of my invention, together with other -and further objects thereof,
- reference is had to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, and its scope will be pointed out in the appended claims. In the drawing. Fig. 1 diagrammatically illustrates. my invention as applied to a. system for transmitting energy from a single phase alternating current supply .circuit to a single phase alternating current load circuit, while Fig. 2. illustrates a modification of the arrangement of Fig. 1 which eliminates the use of a power transformer.
Referring now more particularly to Fig. 1 of the drawing, there'is shown a system for transmitting'energy from a single phase alternating current source ID to an alternating current load circuit i i, illustrated diagrammatically as comprising inductance and resistance. This systun includes a pair of electric valves l2 and II reversely connected in parallel and interconnecting the source ill and the primary winding ll of a transformer IS, the secondary winding ii of which is connected to theloa'd circuit ll. Electric valves lland l3 are each provided withan anode, a cathode and a control electrode or grid and maybe of anyoftheseveral types wellknown in the art, although I prefer to use valves of the vapor or gaseouselectric discharge type. 6 The conductivity of the electric valve I2 is adapted to be controlled from an external control ctrcuit I'I througha current limiting resistor II in any of the several well known manners. The grid of the electric valve I} is energized from a control circuit including an auxiliary winding is of the transformer Ill, a negative bias battery and a current limiting resistor 2|.
In considering the operation of the above described apparatus, it will be assumed that inll5 tially the electric valve i2 is maintained nonconductive by its external control circuit ll.
current will continue to flow, however, for an 1 interval even after the voltage of the supply source l0 reverses polarity because of the inductance in the load circuit ll. When the voltage impressedupon the primary winding ll of the transformer through the electric valve i2 reverses polarity. the voltage induced in the winding II will likewise reverse polarity, and this is connected to the grid of the electric valve II with such a phase relation that it is positive during the half cycles succeeding those in which electric valve- I 2 is conductive; that is, it is approximately in phase with the anode potential of electric valve ll. Thus, electric valve II is -rendered conductive to carry current during its respective half cycles of positive anode potential, and alternating current is supplied to the load circuit ll. Current will continue to flow as long as electric valve I 2 is rendered conductive by its external control circuit II. As soon as electric valve I2 is no longer maintained conductive, however, current will be interrupted in the primary winding ll of the transformer II, no potential to will be induced in the winding is and electric valve it will be maintained nonconductive by its negative bias battery 20. The circuit of Fig. I will operate only with inductive loads, although in some cases the exciting impedance of the transformer ll may be sufllcient for satisfactory operation. v
The arrangement of Fig. 2 is similar in many respects to that of Fig. 1. In this case, the excitation of the electric valve II includes the secondary winding of a current transformer 22, the
primary winding oi which is connected in series with the parallel connected valves l2 and IS.
The control circuit of the valve is also includes,
- 7 in the secondary winding. The operation of this circuit is similar to that 0! Fig. 1.- Aslong as the electric valve I2 is maintained nonconduc'tive by its external control circuit l'l, no potential is induced in the secondary winding of the current transformer 22 and electric valve II is mainao,sss
tained nonconductive by the negative bias-battery 2| in its grid circuit. When electric valve l2 is rendered conductive lay-its external control circuit l'l, however, this current flows through the primary winding of the current transformer 22. The connections are such that, upon the interruption of this current in the primary winding of the current transformer 22 at the end of the half cycle of alternating current, the potential induced'in the secondary winding is of such a various changes and modifications may be made 1 without departing from my invention, and I,
therefore, aim in the appended claims to cover a all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of my invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by I Letters Patent of the United States, is:
1. An electric valve translating circuit compris-' ing a source of alternating current, an altemating current load circuit, means including a pair of controlled electric valves connected to control the current transmitted from said source to said load circuit, an external control circuit connected to the control electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, means for normally maintaining the other valve nonconductive and for controlling .the conductivity of electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, means for impressing a negative bias on the control electrode of the other of said valves to maintain it normally nonconductive, and means for controlling the conductivity of said other valve in response to the conductivity of said first mentioned valve. 9
3. An electric valve translating circuit comprising a source of alternating current, a load circuit,
means including a pair of controlled electric valves connected to control the current transmitted from said source to said load circuit, an external control circuitconnected to the control electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, means for impressing upon the control electrode of the other of said valves a negative bias potential to maintain it normally nonconductive, and means responsive to the conduction of current by said first mentioned valve for impressing upon the control electrode of said other valve, an alternating potential substantially in phase with its anode potential.
4. An electric valve translating circuit comprising a source of alternating current, a load circult, means including a serially connected transformer and a pair of controlled electric valves interconnecting said source and said load circuit,-
sald valves being reversely connected in parallel, an auxiliary winding for said transformer, an
external control circuit connected to the control electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, and a control circuit for the control electrode of the other of said valves including a source of negative bias potential and said auxiliary transformer winding.
5. An electric valve translating circuit comprising a source of alternating current, a load circuit, means including a pair of controlled electric valves connected to control the current transmittedfrom said source to said load circuit, an external control circuit connected to the control electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, means for impressing upon the control electrode-of the other of said valves a negative bias potential to maintain it normally nonconductive, and means responsive to the interruption of current in said first mentioned valve for impressing a positive impulse upon the control electrode of'said other valve.
6. An electric valve translating circuit comprising a sourceof alternating current, a load circuit, means including a pair of controlled electric valves connected to control the current transmitted from said source to said load circuit, an external control circuit connected to the control electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, a current transformer connected in series relation with the current of said controlled valve, and a control circuit for the control electrode of the other of said valves including a source of negative bias potential and a winding of said current transformer.
7. An electric valve translating circuit comprising a source of alternating current, an alternating current load circuit, a pair of controlled electric valves reversely connected in parallel and interconnecting said source and said load circuit, a current transformer connected in series with said pair of valves and provided with an output winding, a constant voltage device connected across said output winding, an external control circuit connected to the control electrode of only one of said valves for controlling the conductivity thereof, and a control circuit for the control electrode of the other of said valves including a source of negative bias potential and the output winding 7 of said current transformer.
8. An electric control system comprising, in combination, a load circuit, circuit means for connecting the load circuit to a source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected are discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flowof current to said load are discharge devices conducting during at least two succeeding half cycles of the alternating ourrent in response to one of said are discharge devices being rendered conducting.
10. An electric control system comprising, in combination, a load circuit, circuit means for connecting the load circuit to a source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected are discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flow of current to said load circuit, and control means connected to sequentially cause one of said are discharge devices to become conducting as a result of the other arc discharge device becoming conducting.
11. An electric control system comprising, in combination, a load circuit, circuit means for connecting the load circuit to'a source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected arc discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flow of current to said load circuit, means for rendering one 0! said are discharge devices conducting in a half cycle of the alternating current which it is disposed to conduct, and control means connected to sequentially render the other of said are discharge devices conducting during the succeeding half cycle of the alternating current as a result of said one are dscharge device becoming conducting.
12. An electric control system comprising, in combination, a load circuit, circuit means for connecting the load circuit to a source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected arc discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flow ofcurrent to said load circuit, means for rendering said are discharge deconducting after the'other arc discharge device has been rendered conducting.
13. An electric control system comprising, in
combination, a load circuit, circuit means for connecting the load circuit to a'source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected are discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flow of current to said load circuit, means for rendering one of said are discharge devices conducting, and control means connected to be responsive to the flow of current through said one are discharge device for rendering the other are discharge device conducting.
14. An electric control system comprising, in combination. a load circuit, circuit means for connecting the load circuit to a source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected arc discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flow of current to said load circuit, a control electrode in each of said are discharge devices, means for energizing the control electrode of one of said are discharge devices in the half cycle of the alternating current for which it is disposed to be conducting, and control means connected to be responsive to the ilow of current through said one are dischargedevice for energizing the control electrode of the other arc discharge device for rendering it conducting during the succeeding half cycle of alternating current.
15. An electriccontrol system comprising in combination. a load circuit. circuit means for connecting the load circuit to a source of alternating current, a pair of inversely connected arc discharge devices interposed in said circuit means for controlling the flow of current to said load circuit, control means connected to sequentially cause one of said are discharge devices to become conducting as a result of the other arc discharge device becoming conducting, and means for preventing said one arc discharge device from again being rendered conducting unless said other arc discharge device is again rendered conducting.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415457A (en) * 1944-06-24 1947-02-11 Otis Elevator Co Electrical control circuits
US2450032A (en) * 1943-02-04 1948-09-28 Browning Lab Inc Reversely-connected electric discharge device system
US2625676A (en) * 1950-02-17 1953-01-13 Rca Corp Electrical control circuits
US3076925A (en) * 1960-03-29 1963-02-05 North Electric Co Current supply apparatus
US20110060887A1 (en) * 2009-09-09 2011-03-10 Fusion-io, Inc Apparatus, system, and method for allocating storage

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2450032A (en) * 1943-02-04 1948-09-28 Browning Lab Inc Reversely-connected electric discharge device system
US2415457A (en) * 1944-06-24 1947-02-11 Otis Elevator Co Electrical control circuits
US2625676A (en) * 1950-02-17 1953-01-13 Rca Corp Electrical control circuits
US3076925A (en) * 1960-03-29 1963-02-05 North Electric Co Current supply apparatus
US20110060887A1 (en) * 2009-09-09 2011-03-10 Fusion-io, Inc Apparatus, system, and method for allocating storage

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