USPP8947P - Nectarine tree (August Snow) - Google Patents

Nectarine tree (August Snow) Download PDF

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Publication number
USPP8947P
USPP8947P US08/188,914 US18891494V US8947P US PP8947 P USPP8947 P US PP8947P US 18891494 V US18891494 V US 18891494V US 8947 P US8947 P US 8947P
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Prior art keywords
august
size
nectarine
color
red
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Expired - Lifetime
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US08/188,914
Inventor
Lowell G. Bradford
Norman G. Bradford
Original Assignee
Bradford; Lowell G.
Bradford; Norman G.
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Priority to US08/188,914 priority Critical patent/USPP8947P/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a nectarine tree and more particularly to a new and distinct variety broadly characterized by a large size, vigorous, productive and regular bearing tree. The fruit matures under the ecological conditions described approximately the first week in August, with first picking on Aug. 1, 1993. The fruit is uniformly large in size, nonacidic in flavor, globose to slightly oblong in shape, freestone in type, firm in texture, and nearly full red in skin color. The variety was a first generation cross using Bradcrim (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 8,461) white flesh nectarine as the seed parent and August Red (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 6,363) yellow flesh nectarine as the pollen parent.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE VARIETY
In a continuing effort to improve the quality of fresh market and shipping fruits, we, the inventors, typically hybridize a large number of nectarine and peach seedlings each year. The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, which has been denominated varietally as "August Snow". The present variety was developed by us in 1987 as a first generation cross using Bradcrim (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 8,461) white flesh nectarine as the seed parent and August Red (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 6,363) yellow flesh nectarine as the pollen parent, in a cultivated area of our experimental orchard at Bradford Farms near Le Grand, Calif. in Merced County (San Joaquin Valley). Subsequent to origination of the present variety of nectarine tree, we asexually reproduced it by budding and grafting, and such reproduction of plant and fruit characteristics were true to the original plant in all respects.
The fruit produced by the present variety is most similar to its seed parent, the Bradcrim (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 8,461), by producing white flesh freestone nectarines that are nearly full red in skin color and non-acidic in flavor, but is distinguished therefrom and an improvement thereon by producing fruit that ripens thirty days later, that is larger in size, and that is much firmer in texture.
The present variety is similar to its selected pollen parent, August Red (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 6,363), by abundantly producing large sized, very firm, nectarines that are nearly full red in skin color, but is distinguished therefrom by producing fruit that is white flesh instead of yellow flesh, that is freestone instead of clingstone, and that is non-acidic in flavor instead of acidic.
DRAWING
The accompanying photograph exhibits four whole fruits positioned to display the characteristics of the skin color and form, one fruit divided along the suture plane to reveal the flesh and stone, and typical leaves.
POMOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Referring now more specifically to the pomological characteristics of this new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, the following has been observed under the ecological conditions prevailing near Le Grand, Merced County (San Joaquin Valley), Calif., and was developed at the state of eating ripe on Aug. 8, 1993. All major color code designations are by reference to the Inter-Society Color Council, National Bureau of Standards. Common color names are also used occasionally.
TREE
Size: Large.
Vigor: Vigorous.
Growth: Spreading and dense.
Form: Vase formed.
Hardiness: Hardy.
Production: Very productive.
Bearing: Regular bearer.
Trunk:
Size.--Medium.
Texture.--Medium.
Bark color.--Light grayish brown [60. l.gy.Br].
Lenticels.--Medium. Color: Dark orange yellow [72. d.OY]. Average size: 1/4" [6.4 mm.].
Branches:
Size.--Medium.
Texture.--Medium.
Color.--1st year wood topside: Light grayish red [18. l.gy.R]. 1st year wood underside: Brilliant yellow green [116. brill.YG]. Older Wood: Moderate brown [58. m.Br].
Lenticels.--Medium, small.
Leaves:
Size.--Large. Average length: 6" [152.4 mm.]. Average width: 15/8" [41.3 mm.].
Thickness.--Medium.
Form.--Elliptical.
Apex.--Acuminate.
Base.--Acute.
Surface.--Smooth.
Color.--Dorsal surface: Deep yellow green [118. deep YG]. Ventral surface: Moderate yellow green [120. m.YG].
Margin.--Finely serrate.
Venation.--Pennately net veined. Color: Light yellow green [119. l.YG] with some moderate red [15. m.R] tinting.
Petiole.--Average length: 3/8" [9.5 mm.]. Average thickness: 1/16" [1.6 mm.]. Color: Light yellow green [119. l.YG].
Stipules.--Moderate. Average length: 1/4" [6.4 mm.].
Glands.--Numbers: Mostly 2 per leaf. Position: Both oppositely and alternately positioned on petiole and base of blade. Size: Small. Form: Globose. Color: Light yellow green [119. l.YG].
Flower Buds:
Hardiness.--Hardy.
Size.--Medium.
Length.--Medium.
Form.--Free.
Surface.--Pubescent.
Flowers:
Blooming period.--Medium as compared with other varieties.
Size.--Large.
Color.--Moderate pink [5. m.Pk].
FRUIT
Maturity when described: Firm ripe, Aug. 8, 1993.
Date of first picking: Aug. 1. 1993.
Date of last picking: Aug. 10, 1993.
Size: Uniform, large.
Average diameter axially.--25/8" [66.7 mm.].
Average traversely in suture plane.--21/2" [63.5 mm.].
Form: Globose to slightly oblong, slightly variable, slightly unsymmetrical.
Longitudinal section form.--Round to slightly heart shaped.
Transverse section through diameter.--Round.
Suture: An inconspicuous shallow line extending from the base and discontinuing at the apex, sharp near the base.
Ventral surface: Rounded, slightly lipped toward the apex.
Lips: Slightly unequal.
Cavity: Flaring, slightly elongated in suture plane, suture showing on one side.
Depth.--3/8" [9.5 mm.].
Breadth.--3/4" [19.1 mm.].
Base: Slightly cuneate, slightly truncate.
Apex: Short, slightly protruding, few mammiform.
Pistil point: Somewhat oblique.
Stem: Medium.
Average length.--5/16" to 3/8" [7.9-9.5 mm.].
Average width.--3/16" [4.8 mm.].
Skin:
Thickness.--Medium.
Texture.--Medium.
Tenacity.--Tenacious to flesh.
Tendency to crack.--Slight.
Color.--Dark red [16. d.R] in sunlight over a yellowish white [92. yWhite] background.
Flesh:
Color.--White [263. White] with no bleeding at skin, slight moderate red [15. m.R] streaking near stone.
Surface of pit cavity.--Moderate red [15. m.R] fibers.
Amygdalin.--Scarce.
Juice.--Abundant, rich.
Texture.--Firm. somewhat rubbery after cold storage, fine, crisp.
Fibers.--Abundant, fine, tender.
Ripens.--Evenly.
Flavor.--Subacidic to nonacidic and sweet.
Aroma.--Slight.
Eating quality.--Very good.
STONE
Type: Freestone.
Form: Elliptical.
Base: Oblique.
Apex: Acuminate.
Sides: Equal.
Surface: Irregularly furrowed toward the apex and pitted toward the base.
Ridges: Jagged toward the base.
Color: Strong brown [55. s.Br] to moderate brown [58. m.Br].
Pit wall: 3/16" [4.8 mm.] thick.
Tendency to split: Slight.
Kernel:
Form.--oval.
Taste.--Bitter.
Viable.--Yes.
Average width.--7/16" to 1/2" [11.1-12.7 mm.].
Average length.--11/16" to 3/4" [17.5-19.1 mm.].
Skin color.--Deep orange yellow [69. deep OY].
Pellicle color.--Grayish yellowish brown [80. gy.yBr].
Amygdalin.--Abundant.
USE
Market: Fresh and long distance shipping.
Keeping quality: Very good.
Shipping quality: Good.
Resistance to insects: No unusual susceptibilities noted.
Resistance to diseases: No unusual susceptibilities noted.
Although the new variety of nectarine tree possesses the described characteristics under the ecological conditions at Le Grand, Calif., in the central part of the San Joaquin Valley, it is to be expected that variations in these characteristics may occur when farmed in areas with different climatic conditions, different soil types, and/or varying cultural practices.

Claims (1)

We claim:
1. A new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, substantially as illustrated and described, that is most similar to its seed parent, the Bradcrim (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 8,461), by producing white flesh freestone nectarines that are nearly full red in skin color and non-acidic in flavor, but is distinguished therefrom and an improvement thereon by producing fruit that ripens thirty days later, that is larger in size, and that is much firmer in texture.
US08/188,914 1994-01-31 1994-01-31 Nectarine tree (August Snow) Expired - Lifetime USPP8947P (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP9515P (en) * 1995-03-23 1996-04-23 Bradford; Lowell G. Peach tree `White Princess`
USPP10926P (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-06-01 Bradford; Lowell Glen Nectarine tree named `August Pearl`
USPP13474P2 (en) 2001-12-13 2003-01-14 Lowell Glen Bradford Nectarine tree named ‘Sweet August’
USPP14594P2 (en) 2002-11-25 2004-03-09 Lowell Glen Bradford Nectarine tree named ‘Royal Bright’

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP6363P (en) * 1987-05-07 1988-11-01 Bradford; Norman G. Nectarine tree (August Red)
USPP8461P (en) * 1993-01-14 1993-11-16 Bradford Lowell G Nectarine tree (Bradcrim)

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP6363P (en) * 1987-05-07 1988-11-01 Bradford; Norman G. Nectarine tree (August Red)
USPP8461P (en) * 1993-01-14 1993-11-16 Bradford Lowell G Nectarine tree (Bradcrim)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP9515P (en) * 1995-03-23 1996-04-23 Bradford; Lowell G. Peach tree `White Princess`
USPP10926P (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-06-01 Bradford; Lowell Glen Nectarine tree named `August Pearl`
USPP13474P2 (en) 2001-12-13 2003-01-14 Lowell Glen Bradford Nectarine tree named ‘Sweet August’
USPP14594P2 (en) 2002-11-25 2004-03-09 Lowell Glen Bradford Nectarine tree named ‘Royal Bright’

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