USPP8768P - Petunia plant named Revolution White - Google Patents

Petunia plant named Revolution White Download PDF

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Publication number
USPP8768P
USPP8768P US07/976,458 US97645892V US8768P US PP8768 P USPP8768 P US PP8768P US 97645892 V US97645892 V US 97645892V US 8768 P US8768 P US 8768P
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Prior art keywords
plant
color
variety
jhs
revolution
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Expired - Lifetime
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US07/976,458
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Hiroshi Hirabayashi
Ushio Sakazaki
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Suntory Flowers Ltd
Keisei Rose Nurseries Inc
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Keisei Rose Nurseries Inc
Suntory Ltd
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Priority to US07/976,458 priority Critical patent/USPP8768P/en
Assigned to SUNTORY LIMITED, KEISEI ROSE NURSERIES, INC. reassignment SUNTORY LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: HIRABAYASHI, HIROSHI, SAKAZAKI, USHIO
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Publication of USPP8768P publication Critical patent/USPP8768P/en
Assigned to SUNTORY FLOWERS LIMITED reassignment SUNTORY FLOWERS LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SUNTORY LTD.
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers

Abstract

Disclosed herein is a decumbent type petunia plant having long stems. The plant has abundant branching and a great profusion of blooms, and the whole bush remains in bloom for a considerable period of time. The flowers are single and large and the petals are a yellowish white color with vivid yellow green lines radiating from pale greenish yellow color bottom throat portion. The plant is highly resistant to rain, heat, and drought.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE VARIETY

The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of petunia plant obtained from bud mutation of `Revolution Brilliantpink`.

Petunia is a very popular plant and is used for flower bedding and potting in the summer season. There are only a few varieties of the petunia plant which do not have an upright growth habit and which have a high resistance to rain, heat, drought and cold. Accordingly, this invention was aimed at obtaining a new variety of decumbent habit petunia plant having long stems, a great profusion of blooms, petal color is white, the bush remaining in bloom for a considerable period of time, and a high resistance to rain, heat, drought and cold.

The new variety of petunia plant according to this invention obtained accidentally from bud mutation of a crossed variety, `Revolution Brilliantpink` (see, U.S. Plant Pat. No. 6,914), which originated from a crossing of `Recoverer Scarletred` as the female parent and a wild type of petunia plant native to Brazil as the pollen parent, in 1989 at the Yachiyo Farm of Keisei Rose Nurseries, Inc., residing at 755 Owadasinden, Yachiyo-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan. The new variety of the present invention originated as a spontaneous bud mutation of unknown causation. The resulting new variety was propagated by cutting, and then grown as a trial by flower bedding. The botanical characteristics of the plants were then examined, using `Revolution Brilliantpink` for comparison, from the spring of 1990. As a result, it was concluded that this petunia plant is clearly distinguishable from the comparative variety `Revolution Briliantpink`, in flower color, while maintaining beneficial characteristics thereof, and it is further distinguishable from any other variety, whose existence is known to us. This new variety of petunia plant has been named `Revolution White`.

In the following description, the color-coding is in accordance with the Horticultural Colour Chart of the Royal Horticultural Society, London, England (RHS Color Chart), and the Japan Color Standard for Horticultural Plant (JHS Color Chart).

The variety, `Revolution Brilliantpink`, which induced bud mutation of this new variety, is presently maintained at the aforementioned Yachiyo Farm of the Keisei Rose Nurseries, Inc., and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Institute for Fundamental Research of Suntory Ltd., and is marketed worldwide. The main botanical characteristics of `Revolution Brilliantpink` are as follows.

Plant:

Growth habit.--Decumbent. The stems hang down where potted in a hanging pot.

Plant height.--15-20 cm.

Spreading area of plant.--The stem extends to a length of 50-80 cm from the base, and thus the spreading area of the plant is 100-150 cm in diameter.

Growth.--Very vigorous with abundant branching, a great profusion of blooms; the whole bush remaining in bloom for a considerable period of time.

Blooming period.--Late March to late September, in the southern Kanto area, Japan. The plant shape does not change throughout this period.

Stem:

Thickness.--Main stem 2.5-3.5 mm; lateral stem 1.5-2.0 mm.

Color.--Strong yellow green (R.H.S. 144A - 145A, JHS 3507 - 3712).

Pubescence.--Normal.

Branching.--Over-abundant.

Length of internode.--1.5-1.7 cm before blooming; 3.0-4.0 cm during blooming.

Leaf:

Phyllotaxis.--Verticillate before blooming; opposite during blooming.

Shape.--Lanceolate.

Size (average).--6.0-7.0 cm×2.5-3.5 cm.

Thickness.--0.6-0.8 mm.

Color.--Moderate olive green to strong yellow green R.H.S. 146A - 143A, JHS 3508 - 3308).

Pubescence.--Few.

Flower: Opening obliquely upward.

Type.--Single.

Shape.--Funnel-shape, with five-fissured limb.

Diameter.--7.0-8.0 cm, large.

Color.--In the unopened stage (bud), dark reddish purple (R.H.S. 79A - 79B, JHS 9516 - 9210); when open, dark purplish red (R.H.S. 71A, JHS 9509); at full bloom, vivid purplish red (R.H.S. 74A, JHS 9507 - 9207), with deep reddish purple (R.H.S. 77A, JHS 9209 - 9210) lines radiating from a dark purple (R.H.S. 83A, JHS 8609 - 8610) center portion. The reverse side of the petal is a vivid reddish purple color (R.H.S. 74A, JHS 9208 - 9206). The petal has a metallic luster.

Reproductive organs.--1 normal pistil having a grayish olive green (R.H.S. 137A, JHS 3716) stigma, and 5 normal stamens each having a deep purple (R.H.S. 86A, JHS 8307) anther and a light purple (R.H.S. 87D, JHS 8603) filament.

Peduncle.--1.5-2.0 cm in thickness, and 1.5-2.0 cm in length.

Physiological and ecological characteristics: High resistance to rain, heat, and drought. Also high resistance to disease, particularly gray mold (Botrytis). Moderate resistance to pest.

This new and distinct variety of petunia plant, `Revolution White`, was asexually reproduced by cutting at the aforementioned Yachio Farm of Keisei Rose Nurseries, Inc., and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Institute for Fundamental Research of Suntory Ltd., and the homogeneity and stability thereof were confirmed.

SUMMARY OF THE VARIETY

The new variety of petunia plant has a decumbent habit and long stems, and thus is very different from a similar variety, `Recoverer Scarletred`, having an upright growth habit, and then is distinguishable from the indicated parent variety, `Revolution Brilliantpink`, having flower of vivid purplish red color with metallic luster. The plant has abundant branching and a great profusion of blooms, and the whole bush remains in bloom for a considerable period of time, longer than the blooming period of `Recoverer Blue`, and the same as that of `Revolution Brilliantpink`. The flowers are single, and large, and petals are a yellowish white color (R.H.S. 155D, JHS 2501), with vivid yellow green lines radiating from a light purple center portion. The plant is highly resistant to rain, heat, and drought.

This variety, `Revolution White`, is substantially the same as the indicated parent variety, `Revolution Brilliantpink`, except for the color of flower.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a photograph giving a partial view of the new variety of petunia plant planted in a flower bed;

FIG. 2 is a photograph of flowers of the new variety of petunia plant;

FIG. 3 is a photograph showing, in numerical order, a branch having an open flower (3), a current shoot (4), a bud (5), a side view of the flower (6), a front view of the flower (7), a rear view of the flower (8), an interior view of the flower (9), and pistil and stamens (10), of the new variety of petunia plant; and

FIG. 4 is a photograph showing, in numerical order, a branch having an open flower (1), a flower (2), a bud (3), and a current shoot (4) of the comparative variety, `Revolution Brilliantpink`, in comparison with corresponding items (5-8) of the new variety.

DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIETY

The botanical characteristics of the new and distinct variety of petunia plant `Revolution White` are as follows.

Plant:

Growth habit.--Decumbent. The stems hang down where potted in a hanging pot.

Plant height.--15-20 cm.

Spreading area of plant.--The stem extends to a length of 50-75 cm from the base, and thus the spreading area of the plant is 100-150 cm in diameter.

Growth.--Very vigorous with abundant branching, a great profusion of blooms; the whole bush remaining in bloom for a considerable period of time.

Blooming period.--Late March to late September, in the southern Kanto area, Japan. The plant shape does not change throughout this period.

Stem:

Thickness.--Main stem 4.0-6.5 mm.

Anthocyanin pigmentation.--Absent.

Pubescence.--Medium.

Branching.--Over-abundant.

Length of internode.--2.5-4.0 cm.

Leaf:

Leaf attaching angle.--Horizontal.

Shape.--Lanceolate.

Size (average).--3.5-5.5 cm×2.0-4.0 cm.

Thickness.--0.5 mm.

Color.--Strong Yellow green (R.H.S. 146A, JHS 3508).

Pubescence.--Medium.

Flower: Opening obliquely upward.

Type.--Single.

Shape.--Funnel-shape, with five-fissured limb.

Shape of tip.--Blunt.

Lobation.--Medium.

Undulation of margin.--Weak.

Diameter.--8.0-8.5 cm, large.

Petal color.--At full blooming time, yellowish white (R.H.S. 155D, JHS 2501), with vivid yellow green (R.H.S. 144B, JHS 3506) lines at petal and dull red purple (R.H.S. 70A, JHS 2903) lines at throat portion radiating from pale greenish yellow (R.H.S. 10D, JHS 2903) bottom throat portion. The outside of the petal is a yellowish white (R.H.S. 155D, JHS 2501).

Reproductive organs.--1 normal pistil, and 5 normal stamens. Pistil shape is thin and stamens shape is small.

Peduncle.--Length is medium and 1.8-2.2 mm in thickness.

Physiological and ecological characteristics: High resistance to rain, heat, drought and cold. Also high resistnace to disease, particularly gray mold (Botrytis). Moderate resistance to pest. The new variety of the present invention, just as its parent variety, has been observed to exhibit at least some self-fertility.

This new variety of petunia plant is most suitable for flower bedding and potting, particularly in hanging pots or planters, and further excellent for ground cover.

The plant of this new variety, `Revolution White` is presently planted and maintained at the Yachiyo Farm of the Keisei Rose Nurseries, Inc., residing at 755 Owadasinden, Yachiyo-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan, and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Institute for Fundamental Research of Suntory Ltd., residing at 2913-1 Torihara, Hakushu-cho, Kitakoma-gun, Yamanashi-ken, Japan.

Claims (1)

We claim:
1. A new and distinct variety of petunia plant, substantially as herein illustrated and described, characterized particularly as to novelty by (A) being a decumbent habit plant having long stems, (B) an abundant branching and a great profusion of blooms, the whole bush remaining in bloom for a considerable period of time, (C) flowers that are single and large, the petals having a yellowish white color with vivid yellow green lines radiating from pale greenish yellow color bottom throat portion, and (d) a high resistance to rain, heat, cold, and disease.
US07/976,458 1992-11-13 1992-11-13 Petunia plant named Revolution White Expired - Lifetime USPP8768P (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP9754P (en) * 1995-04-03 1996-12-17 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunberubu`
USPP10278P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-03-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkuho`
USPP10279P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-03-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkubu`
USPP10287P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-03-17 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkupi`
USPP10310P (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-03-31 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Revolution Pastelpink No. 3`
USPP10330P (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-04-14 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `(Revolution Violet No. 3)`
USPP10355P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-04-28 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelochipi`
USPP10904P (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-05-18 Keisei Rose Nurseries Inc. Petunia plant named `Revolution Marrose`
USPP11352P (en) * 1997-11-25 2000-04-18 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkist`
USPP11558P (en) * 1997-11-25 2000-10-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelki`
USPP12101P2 (en) 1999-03-05 2001-09-25 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named ‘Revolution Bluevein No.2’
USPP13867P3 (en) 2001-06-12 2003-06-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunlapur’
USPP14125P2 (en) 2002-02-08 2003-09-02 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunrove’
USPP14385P3 (en) 2002-03-28 2003-12-16 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbel-Apu’
USPP14405P3 (en) 2002-03-28 2003-12-23 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelbura’
USPP14729P3 (en) 2002-12-24 2004-04-20 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelrikupi’
USPP14756P3 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-05-04 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelre’
USPP15024P3 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-07-20 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunchiffon’
USPP15094P3 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-08-24 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelkos’
USPP15696P2 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-03-22 Plant 21 Llc Petunia plant named ‘USTUNI164’
USPP15802P3 (en) 2002-12-24 2005-06-21 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunpimo’
US20050216998P1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-09-29 Takuro Ishihara Petunia plant named 'suncopaho'

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP6899P (en) * 1987-01-08 1989-07-04 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Revolution Brilliantpink-Mini`
USPP6915P (en) * 1987-10-01 1989-07-11 Suntory Limited Petunia plant `Revolution Purplepink`

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP6899P (en) * 1987-01-08 1989-07-04 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Revolution Brilliantpink-Mini`
USPP6915P (en) * 1987-10-01 1989-07-11 Suntory Limited Petunia plant `Revolution Purplepink`

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP9754P (en) * 1995-04-03 1996-12-17 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunberubu`
USPP10310P (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-03-31 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Revolution Pastelpink No. 3`
USPP10330P (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-04-14 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `(Revolution Violet No. 3)`
USPP10278P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-03-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkuho`
USPP10279P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-03-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkubu`
USPP10287P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-03-17 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkupi`
USPP10355P (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-04-28 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelochipi`
USPP10904P (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-05-18 Keisei Rose Nurseries Inc. Petunia plant named `Revolution Marrose`
USPP11352P (en) * 1997-11-25 2000-04-18 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelkist`
USPP11558P (en) * 1997-11-25 2000-10-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named `Sunbelki`
USPP12101P2 (en) 1999-03-05 2001-09-25 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named ‘Revolution Bluevein No.2’
USPP13867P3 (en) 2001-06-12 2003-06-10 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunlapur’
USPP15094P3 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-08-24 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelkos’
USPP14756P3 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-05-04 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelre’
USPP15024P3 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-07-20 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunchiffon’
USPP14125P2 (en) 2002-02-08 2003-09-02 Suntory Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunrove’
USPP14385P3 (en) 2002-03-28 2003-12-16 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbel-Apu’
USPP14405P3 (en) 2002-03-28 2003-12-23 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelbura’
USPP14729P3 (en) 2002-12-24 2004-04-20 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunbelrikupi’
USPP15802P3 (en) 2002-12-24 2005-06-21 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Sunpimo’
US20050216998P1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-09-29 Takuro Ishihara Petunia plant named 'suncopaho'
USPP16392P3 (en) 2004-03-25 2006-03-28 Suntory Flowers Limited Petunia plant named ‘Suncopaho’
USPP15696P2 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-03-22 Plant 21 Llc Petunia plant named ‘USTUNI164’

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AS Assignment

Owner name: KEISEI ROSE NURSERIES, INC., JAPAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:HIRABAYASHI, HIROSHI;SAKAZAKI, USHIO;REEL/FRAME:006307/0254

Effective date: 19921109

Owner name: SUNTORY LIMITED, JAPAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:HIRABAYASHI, HIROSHI;SAKAZAKI, USHIO;REEL/FRAME:006307/0254

Effective date: 19921109

AS Assignment

Owner name: SUNTORY FLOWERS LIMITED, JAPAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SUNTORY LTD.;REEL/FRAME:013616/0731

Effective date: 20021220