USPP4431P - Cherry tree - Google Patents

Cherry tree Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USPP4431P
USPP4431P US05/933,738 US93373878V US4431P US PP4431 P USPP4431 P US PP4431P US 93373878 V US93373878 V US 93373878V US 4431 P US4431 P US 4431P
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
medium
red
hardy
fruit
size
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US05/933,738
Inventor
Marvin L. Nies
Original Assignee
Nies; Marvin L.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nies; Marvin L. filed Critical Nies; Marvin L.
Priority to US05/933,738 priority Critical patent/USPP4431P/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USPP4431P publication Critical patent/USPP4431P/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

A cherry tree which is large, vigorous, upright to spreading, dense, vase-formed, hardy, foliated with large, ovate, abruptly acuminate, acutely pointed leaves having a crenate, finely serrate margin, medium length petiole, and large, mixed, red glands which are glabrous, compressed, opposite-alternate, and variable in number, blooms early-medium from hardy, medium size, medium length, conic, plump, free flower buds, the flowers being of medium size and white, and is a regular and very productive bearer of large, uniform, symmetrical, semi-freestone fruit having glassy, red skin, and red flesh having lighter streaking radiating from the pit cavity, the pit cavity being a darker red.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE VARIETY

1. Field of the Invention

The present variety of cherry tree resulted from a plant breeding program which is conducted by me in my experimental orchard located near Lodi, County of San Joaquin, Calif.; and the purpose of which program is the development of new and distinct varieties of cherry trees especially adapted to commercial growing. The present variety of cherry tree is embraced by Subclass 37, Plants, of the U.S. Patent Office MANUAL OF CLASSIFICATION.

2. Prior Varieties

Among the existent varieties of cherry trees which are known to me are those mentioned herein; to-wit, Mahaleb (unpatented), Hardy Giant (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 764), and Bing (unpatented).

ORIGIN OF THE VARIETY

The present variety of cherry tree was originated by me, in my experimental orchard located as aforesaid, as a controlled cross of Hardy Giant X Bing; the resultant seedling tree, when grown to maturity, evidenced novel and distinctive characteristics, and I, therefore, selected it for asexual reproduction preparatory to ultimate commercial growing thereof.

ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION OF THE VARIETY

The present variety of cherry tree was asexually reproduced by me, in my said experimental orchard, by budding on Mahaleb rootstock, and, in maturity, such asexual reproductions ran true to the original tree in all respects.

SUMMARY OF THE VARIETY

The herein-claimed new and distinct variety of cherry tree is large, vigorous, upright to spreading, dense, vase-formed, hardy, foliated with large, ovate, abruptly acuminate, acutely pointed leaves having a crenate, finely serrate margin, medium length petiole, and large, mixed, red glands which are glabrous, compressed, opposite-alternate, and variable in number, blooms early-medium from hardy, medium size, medium length, conic, plump, free flower buds, the flowers being of medium size and white, and is a regular and very productive bearer of large, uniform, symmetrical, semi-freestone fruit having glassy, red skin, and red flesh having lighter streaking radiating from the pit cavity, the pit cavity being a darker red.

The herein-claimed new and distinct variety of cherry tree is characterized, in particular comparison to the Bing, essentially as follows:

TREE STRUCTURE AND FOLIATION

The tree is slightly more vigorous with more lateral branching and longer lateral branches; the leafing time is approximately four days earlier, with leaves which are broader, not as acuminate, and some leaves are slightly cordate with a slight sinus at the point of petiole attachment, the margin being more crenate, and the glands being larger, mixed, more pigmented (very red on the terminals of the shoots), and usually in greater number. Additionally, there is much heavier pubescence on the bottom of new leaves, with the hairs persisting in larger amount on older leaves. The petioles have more dark red pigmentation, and young leaves on shoot tips are more bronze.

FLOWERING

The time of bloom is approximately four days earlier, and the flower--while similar to the Bing--has shorter sepals and a more globose torus. The sepals extend approximately one-half the distance to the base of the torus and reflex tightly against the torus. The sepals are crenate, while the sepals of Bing extend almost to the base of the torus and are acute (very slightly crenate at tip) not reflexing significantly against the torus. Also, the torus of the Bing is more elongated and narrower. The stamens exist in larger number and they reflex further outward; and the petals are wider and touch or overlap.

FRUIT

The fruit--which ripens more evenly and approximately six days earlier than the Bing--sizes larger and holds to size with large crops; is of a more attractive glassy appearance; sugar is higher earlier and can be eaten speckle ripe; acid is mild and enhances eating quality of greener fruit; and the fruit is wider and more globose in cross section. Additionally, the fruit rarely doubles, and in seasons when fruit of the Bing doubles extensively, the fruit of approximately thirty percent of the present variety has only a small suture extending from the base about one-quarter the distance toward the apex on the ventral side.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

The drawing is an illustration, by photographic reproduction in color, of a twig with leaves and fruit, and detached fruit; one of the latter being partially cut away to expose the flesh and stone.

DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIETY

The botanical details of this new and distinct variety of cherry tree--with color definitions (except those in common color terms) referenced to Maerz and Paul Dictionary of Color--are as follows:

Tree:

Size.--Large.

Vigor.--Vigorous.

Growth.--Upright -- spreading.

Density.--Dense.

Form.--Vase-formed.

Hardiness.--Hardy.

Production.--Very productive.

Bearing.--Regular bearer.

Trunk:

Size.--Stocky.

Texture.--Medium.

Branches:

Size.--Stocky.

Texture.--Medium.

Color.--Gray; dull.

Lenticels.--Number: Few. Size: Small.

Leaves:

Size.--Large. Average length -- 14.6 cm. Average width -- 7.6 cm.

Form.--Ovate. Abruptly acuminate. Acutely pointed.

Thickness.--Thick.

Color.--Top side -- Dark green (23-L-9). Under side -- Lighter green (22-L-7).

texture.--Smooth.

Margin.--Crenate. Finely serrate.

Petiole.--Medium length. Medium thickness.

Glands.--Number -- very variable -- usually 4 -- sometimes as many as 7. Glabrous. Compressed. Alternate, sometimes opposite. Large. Mixed. Red. Positioned on petiole adjacent base of blade.

Stipules.--2 -- 1 on each side of petiole.

Flower buds:

Hardiness.--Hardy.

Size.--Medium.

Length.--Medium.

Form.--Conic. Plump. Free.

Flowers:

Date of bloom.--Mar. 18th, 1978. Early -- medium, compared with other varieties.

Size.--Medium.

Color.--White.

Fruit:

Maturity when described.--Eating ripe -- May 10th, 1978.

Date of first picking.--May 10th, 1978.

Date of last picking.--May 18th, 1978.

Size.--Uniform. Large. Average diameter axially -- 2.7 cm. Average transversely in suture plane -- 2.4 cm.

Form.--Uniform. Symmetrical transversely of the suture plane, but asymmetrical in the suture plane. Globose -- oblate. Compressed in the suture plane.

Suture.--Shallow. Inconspicuous. Extends from base to beyond apex.

Ventral surface.--Rounded strongly just below base one-half distance to apex on suture line.

Cavity.--Flaring. Rounded. Elongated in suture plane. Average depth -- 3.25 mm. Average breadth -- 4 mm. Color. -- dark red.

Base.--Rounded. Truncate.

Apex.--Short. Rounded to truncate. Depressed.

Pistil point.--Apical.

Skin:

Thickness.--Medium.

Texture.--Medium.

Tenacity.--Tenacious to flesh.

Tendency to crack.--None in dry season.

Down.--Wanting.

Color.--Red (7-L-6) shading to darker red (8-L-6).

Flesh:

Color.--Red (7-L-6) with lighter streaking radiating from pit cavity.

Surface of pit cavity.--Red (8-L-6).

amygdalin.--Wanting.

Texture.--Firm. Fine. Crisp.

Fibers.--Few. Fine.

Ripens.--Evenly.

Flavor.--Subacid.

Aroma.--Wanting.

Eating quality.--Best.

Stone:

Type.--Semi-free.

Size.--Medium. Average length -- 1 cm. Average breadth -- 8 mm. Average thickness -- 7.5 mm.

Form.--Globose -- oval.

Base.--Straight -- oblique.

Hilum.--Narrow. Oblong.

Apex.--Rounded.

Sides.--Equal.

Surface.--Irregularly furrowed from base to apex ventrally. Ridged from base to apex.

Ridges.--Jagged.

Ventral edge.--Thick, with wing toward base.

Dorsal edge.--Narrow.

Color.--Beige (13-I-7).

tendency to split.--Slight in wet season.

Use: Market -- local; dessert; shipping.

Keeping quality: Good.

Resistance to insects and diseases: Good.

Shipping quality: Good.

Variance in botanical details: The cherry tree and its fruit herein described may vary in slight detail due to climatic and soil conditions under which the variety may be grown; the present description being of the variety as grown in the Central Valley of California.

Claims (1)

I claim:
1. A new and distinct variety of cherry tree substantially as illustrated and described; the fruit, in comparison to the Bing, is more globose in cross section, ripens more evenly and approximately six days earlier, sizes larger and holds to size with large crops, is of a more attractive glassy appearance, sugar is higher earlier, acid is mild, and the fruit rarely doubles.
US05/933,738 1978-08-14 1978-08-14 Cherry tree Expired - Lifetime USPP4431P (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US05/933,738 USPP4431P (en) 1978-08-14 1978-08-14 Cherry tree

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US05/933,738 USPP4431P (en) 1978-08-14 1978-08-14 Cherry tree

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USPP4431P true USPP4431P (en) 1979-06-26

Family

ID=25464422

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US05/933,738 Expired - Lifetime USPP4431P (en) 1978-08-14 1978-08-14 Cherry tree

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USPP4431P (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP9368P (en) * 1995-02-06 1995-11-14 Nies; Marvin L. Cherry tree `Early Red`
USPP9659P (en) * 1995-08-17 1996-10-15 Nies; Marvin L. Cherry tree `Giant Red`

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP9368P (en) * 1995-02-06 1995-11-14 Nies; Marvin L. Cherry tree `Early Red`
USPP9659P (en) * 1995-08-17 1996-10-15 Nies; Marvin L. Cherry tree `Giant Red`

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
USPP5480P (en) Nectarine tree--N15500
USPP7507P (en) Nectarine tree (Spring Bright)
USPP6363P (en) Nectarine tree (August Red)
USPP7066P (en) Peach tree (Diamond Princess)
USPP9360P (en) Nectarine tree `June Pearl`
USPP7193P (en) Nectarine tree (Red Glen)
USPP15845P2 (en) Nectarine tree named ‘Rose Bright’
USPP7918P (en) Nectarine tree (Ruby Diamond)
USPP14677P2 (en) Peach tree named ‘Spring Candy’
USPP7049P (en) Nectarine tree (Summer Bright)
USPP7290P (en) Peach tree "Rich Lady"
USPP13443P2 (en) Nectarine tree named ‘Burnectfive’
USPP7421P (en) Nectarine tree (Rose Diamond)
USPP8461P (en) Nectarine tree (Bradcrim)
USPP7503P (en) Plum tree (Purple Majesty)
USPP5454P (en) Nectarine tree (May Diamond)
USPP7953P (en) Peach tree (Crimson Lady)
USPP20294P2 (en) Peach tree named ‘Flordabest’
USPP10232P (en) Apricot tree cv. `Suaprieight`
USPP10233P (en) Apricot tree cv. `Suaprisix`
USPP6407P (en) Cherry tree, "Tulare"
USPP6025P (en) Peach tree (B-41871)
USPP7070P (en) Peach tree (Crown Princess)
USPP9961P (en) Nectarine tree `Fire Sweet`
USPP9358P (en) Nectarine tree `Fire Pearl`