USPP32146P2 - Phalaenopsis orchid plant named ‘PHALHADOT’ - Google Patents

Phalaenopsis orchid plant named ‘PHALHADOT’ Download PDF

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USPP32146P2
USPP32146P2 US16/602,847 US201916602847V USPP32146P2 US PP32146 P2 USPP32146 P2 US PP32146P2 US 201916602847 V US201916602847 V US 201916602847V US PP32146 P2 USPP32146 P2 US PP32146P2
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phalhadot
color
rhs
white
phalaenopsis
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Martinus Nicolaas Gerardus Van Swieten
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Anthura BV
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Anthura BV
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Assigned to ANTHURA B.V. reassignment ANTHURA B.V. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: VAN SWIETEN, MARTINUS NICOLAAS GERARDUS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/62Orchidaceae [Orchid family]

Abstract

A new and distinct variety of Phalaenopsis plant named ‘PHALHADOT’, particularly characterized by having white flowers with yellow-green and white lips, 1 to 3 peduncles, short leaves, and is propagated by meristem tissue culture, is disclosed.

Description

Genus and species: Phalaenopsis hybrid.
Variety denomination: ‘PHALHADOT’.
BACKGROUND OF THE NEW PLANT
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Phalaenopsis plant, botanically known as Phalaenopsis hybrid of the Orchidaceae family, commonly referred to as moth orchid, and hereinafter referred to by the variety name ‘PHALHADOT’.
The new Phalaenopsis plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the inventor in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands. The objective of this breeding program was to create a new Phalaenopsis plant with numerous branches and attractive pure white flowers with yellow-green and white lips, suitable for potted plant production.
The new Phalaenopsis plant ‘PHALHADOT’ is a result of cross-pollination made by the inventor in August 2010 in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands, of the proprietary female, or seed parent, Phalaenopsis hybrid ‘01-3469’ (unpatented) with the proprietary male, or pollen parent, Phalaenopsis hybrid ‘21232-04’ (unpatented).
The new Phalaenopsis was selected by the inventor as a single plant within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled greenhouse in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands, in August 2013. Asexual reproduction of the new Phalaenopsis plant by meristem tissue culture since 2016 in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands, has demonstrated that the new variety reproduces true to type with all of the characteristics, as herein described, firmly fixed and retained through successive generations.
Community Plant Variety Rights for this variety have been applied for in the European Union on Sep. 25, 2018, by Applicant who obtained the subject matter disclosed directly from the inventor. ‘PHALHADOT’ has not been made publicly available or sold anywhere in the world prior to the effective filing date of this application with the exception of sales or disclosures made one year or less before the effective filing date of this claimed invention by Applicant who obtained ‘PHALHADOT’ directly from the inventor.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The following are the most outstanding and distinguishing characteristics of this new cultivar when grown under normal horticultural practices in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands, and can be used to distinguish ‘PHALHADOT’ as a new and distinct variety of Phalaenopsis plant:
    • 1) White flowers with yellow-green and white lips;
    • 2) 1 to 3 peduncles; and
    • 3) Plant has short leaves.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
This new Phalaenopsis plant is illustrated by the accompanying photographs which show the overall plant habit including blooms and foliage of the plant; the colors shown are as true as can be reasonably obtained by conventional photographic procedures. The photographs were taken in a greenhouse in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands, from 50-week-old plants in October 2019. Colors in the photographs may differ from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description, which accurately describe the actual colors of the new variety.
FIG. 1 shows the overall plant habit, including blooms and foliage of ‘PHALHADOT’.
FIG. 2 shows a close-up of a flower of ‘PHALHADOT’.
FIG. 3 shows an overhead view of the leaves of ‘PHALHADOT’.
DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW VARIETY
The following detailed description sets forth the distinctive characteristics of ‘PHALHADOT’. Plants of the new Phalaenopsis have not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, light intensity and day length, without, however, any variance in genotype. The chart used in the identification of colors described herein is The R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, 2015 edition, except where general color terms of ordinary significance are used. The color values were determined under 4000-6000 lux natural light in a greenhouse in Bleiswijk, the Netherlands. Observations and measurements were made in October 201.9 on flowering plants which were planted in 12-centimeter (diameter) pots. After in-vitro propagation, the plants were grown in nursery trays for 20-24 weeks, followed by transplantation to 12-centimeter pots and grown in a greenhouse between 27° C. to 29° C. for 30 weeks, continued by a cooling period of 8 weeks between 18° C. to 20° C. and 12 weeks in a greenhouse of 21° C. Flowering occurs after 50 weeks in 12-centimeter pots.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
  • Classification:
      • Family.—Orchidaceae.
      • Botanical.—Phalaenopsis hybrid.
      • Common name.—Moth orchid.
      • Variety name.—‘PHALHADOT’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female parent.—Phalaenopsis cultivar ‘01-3469’ (unpatented).
      • Male parent.—Phalaenopsis cultivar ‘21232-04’ (unpatented).
  • Propagation:
      • Type.—Meristem tissue culture.
  • Roots:
      • Root description.—Greyed-green (between RHS 190B and 190C) colored roots with branching lateral roots having greenish-yellow (RHS 151B) colored root tips.
  • Plant:
      • Commercial crop time to flowering.—Following asexual propagation (in-vitro), the rooted cuttings grow for 20-24 weeks. After transplantation into 12-cm pots, the plants are finished after 48 to 50 weeks.
      • Growth habit of the peduncle.—Upright to slightly pendant with raceme inflorescence.
      • Height (from soil level to top of inflorescence).—Approximately 50.0 cm to 55.0 cm.
      • Width (measured from leaf tips).—About 29.0 cm to 31.0 cm.
      • Vigor.—Strong.
  • Leaves:
      • Mature leaves.—Quantity per plant: 9 to 11 leaves are produced before flowering. Length (fully expanded): 14.0 cm to 16.0 cm. Width: 6.0 cm to 7.0 cm. Position of the broadest part of the leaf: Toward the apex. Shape: Obovate. Base shape: Moderately elongated. Apex: Obtuse unequal to rounded. Leaf blade angle with the petiole (measured from the horizontal position): Between 20 degrees and 40 degrees. Leaf margin: Entire. Color: Upper surface: RHS 147A. Lower surface: RHS 146B. Texture (both upper and lower surfaces): Smooth. Thickness: 2.7 mm to 3.1 mm. Variegation: Absent. Venation: Pattern: Parallel. Color of the midvein: Upper surface: RHS 147A. Lower surface: RHS 146B.
  • Peduncle:
      • Quantity per plant.—1 to 3.
      • Number of flowers per peduncle.—8 to 12.
      • Length.—50.0 cm to 55.0 cm.
      • Diameter.—4.0 mm to 5.0 mm.
      • Strength.—Strong.
      • Aspect.—Upright to slightly pendant.
      • Texture.—Smooth.
      • Color.—Yellow-green (RHS 144A) with a hint of brown (RHS 200B).
      • Internode length.—3.0 cm to 4.0 cm.
  • Inflorescence description:
      • Appearance.—Upright to slightly pendant, raceme inflorescence with bilaterally symmetrical flowers that open in succession beginning with the lowermost flower.
      • Number of inflorescences.—1 to 3.
      • Inflorescence size.—Height (from base to tip): 170.0 mm to 220.0 mm.
      • Flowering time.—First flowers can be expected 10 to 11 months after planting in a 12-cm pot.
      • Flower.—Height: 72.0 mm to 77.0 mm. Diameter: 90.0 mm to 95.0 mm. Depth of lip: 24.0 mm to 26.0 mm.
      • Flower longevity.—On the plant: 12 to 16 weeks.
      • Flower shape.—Flat.
      • Fragrance.—Absent.
      • Flower bud.—Average size: Medium to large. Length: 19.0 mm to 21.0 mm. Width: 16.0 mm to 18.0 mm. Shape: Egg shaped. Color: Yellow-green (RHS 144C) with a hint of diluting purplish-red (RHS N77B).
      • Petals.—Arrangement: Open/free. Shape: Semi-circular. Apex: Emarginated asymmetric. Margin: Entire. Length (from base to tip): 43.0 mm to 46.0 mm. Width: 51.0 mm to 54.0 mm. Position of the broadest part of the petal: Toward the base. Color (when fully opened): Upper surface: Basic color: White (RHS NN155C). Over color: Absent. Lower surface: Basic color: White (RHS NN155C). Over color: Absent. Number of spots and stripes on the petals (upper surface): None. Color of spots and stripes on the petals (upper surface): None. Density of netting of the petals (upper surface): None. Color of the netting (upper surface): None.
      • Dorsal sepal.—Shape: Elliptic. Apex: Obtuse symmetric. Margin: Entire. Length (from base to tip): 45.0 mm to 47.0 mm. Width: 28.0 mm to 30.0 mm. Position of the broadest part of the dorsal sepals: In the middle. Color (when fully opened): Upper surface: Basic color: White (RHS NN155C). Over color: Absent. Lower surface: Basic color: White (RHS NN155C). Over color: Hint of very light purple (RHS 76C). Number of spots and stripes on the dorsal sepals (upper surface): None. Color of spots and stripes on the dorsal sepals (upper surface): None. Density of netting of the dorsal sepals (upper surface): None. Color of the netting (upper surface): None.
      • Lateral sepals.—Shape: Ovate. Apex: Obtuse asymmetric. Margin: Entire. Length (from base to tip): 45 0 mm to 47.0 mm. Width: 28.0 mm to 30.0 mm. Position of the broadest part of the lateral sepals: Toward the base. Color (when fully opened): Upper surface: Basic color: White (RHS NN155C). Over color: Absent. Lower surface: Basic color: White (RHS NN155C). Over color: Hint of light yellow-green (RHS 145C) and very light purple midvein (RHS 76C) toward the tip. Number of spots and stripes on the lateral sepals (upper surface): None. Color of spots and stripes on the lateral sepals (upper surface): None. Density of netting of the lateral sepals (upper surface): None. Color of the netting (upper surface): None.
      • Labellum (lip).—Whiskers: Present. Length of whiskers: 13.0 mm to 15.0 mm. Color of whiskers: White (RHS NN155C). Pubescence on the lip: Absent.
      • Lateral lobe.—Shape: Type V (as described in the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) Test Guidelines for Phalaenopsis); spatulate. Margin: Entire. Length: 21.0 mm to 23.0 mm. Width: 18.0 mm to 20.0 mm. Color: Upper surface: White (RHS NN155C) and greenish-yellow margin (RHS 5B) on one side. Lower surface: White (RHS NN155C); hint of very light purple (RHS 76B to 76C) at the base and greenish-yellow margin (RHS 5B) on one side. Number of spots and stripes on the lateral lobe: Few. Color of spots and stripes on the lateral lobe: RHS N75C. Density of netting of the lateral lobe: None. Color of the netting: None.
      • Apical lobe.—Shape: Triangular. Margin: Entire. Length: 21.0 mm to 23.0 mm. Width: 22.0 mm to 24.0 mm. Color: Upper surface: Yellow-green (RHS 154B) at the base; white (RHS NN155C) toward whiskers. Lower surface: Yellow-green (RHS 154C) margin of the wings at the base; white (RHS NN155C) toward whiskers. Number of spots and stripes on the apical lobe (upper surface): None. Color of spots and stripes on the apical lobe (upper surface): None. Density of netting of the apical lobe (upper surface): None. Color of the netting (upper surface): None.
      • Callus.—Average size: Medium to large. Height: 6.0 mm to 7.0 mm. Length: 6.0 mm to 7.0 mm. Width: 4.0 mm to 5.0 mm. Color: Yellow (RHS 8A) with brown-reddish spots (RHS 174A).
  • Reproductive organs:
      • Column.—Length: 8.0 mm to 10.0 mm. Diameter: 5.0 mm to 6.0 mm. Color: White (RHS NN155C). Pollinia: Quantity: 2. Diameter: 0.8 mm to 0.9 mm. Color: Orange (RHS 24A). Ovary: Length: 9.0 mm to 11.0 mm. Diameter: 1.0 mm to 2.0 mm. Pedicel: Length: 29.0 mm to 31.0 mm. Diameter: 2.0 mm to 3.0 mm. Texture: Smooth. Color: Light yellow-green (RHS 145B to 145C) and very light purple (RHS 76C) toward the flower.
  • Disease, Pest, and Stress Resistance: No specific resistance or susceptibility observed to pathogens and pests common to Phalaenopsis to date.
  • Fruit and seeds: Fruit and seed development has not been observed on plants of the new Phalaenopsis to date.
COMPARISON WITH PARENTAL LINES AND MOST SIMILAR VARIETIES
‘PHALHADOT’ differs from female parent plant ‘01-3469’ (unpatented) in that ‘PHALHADOT’ has a medium curvature of the lateral lobe, whereas ‘01-3469’ has a strong curvature of the lateral lobe. Additionally, ‘PHALHADOT’ has shorter leaves than ‘01-3469’.
‘PHALHADOT’ differs from male parent plant ‘21232-04’ (unpatented) in that ‘PHALHADOT’ has a medium curvature of the lateral lobe and white whiskers, whereas ‘21232-04’ has a weak curvature of the lateral lobe and white whiskers with light yellow tips.
‘PHALHADOT’ is most similar to the commercial Phalaenopsis plants named ‘PHALHYLDO’ (unpatented) and ‘PHALZIFY’ (unpatented). ‘PHALHADOT’ differs from the commercial variety ‘PHALHYLDO’ in that ‘PHALHADOT’ has emarginated petal apexes, whereas ‘PHALHYLDO’ has rounded petal apexes. Additionally, ‘PHALHADOT’ has longer whiskers and shorter leaves than ‘PHALHYLDO’.
‘PHALHADOT’ differs from the commercial variety ‘PHALZIFY’ in that ‘PHALHADOT’ has white whiskers and a medium curvature of the lateral lobe, whereas ‘PHALZIFY’ has yellow whiskers and a strong curvature of the lateral lobe. Additionally, ‘PHALHADOT’ has narrower apical lobes than ‘PHALZIFY’.

Claims (1)

I claim:
1. A new and distinct variety of Phalaenopsis plant named ‘PHALHADOT’, substantially as described and illustrated herein.
US16/602,847 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Phalaenopsis orchid plant named ‘PHALHADOT’ Active USPP32146P2 (en)

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