USPP31977P2 - Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’ - Google Patents

Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’ Download PDF

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USPP31977P2
USPP31977P2 US16/501,922 US201916501922V USPP31977P2 US PP31977 P2 USPP31977 P2 US PP31977P2 US 201916501922 V US201916501922 V US 201916501922V US PP31977 P2 USPP31977 P2 US PP31977P2
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approximately
color
balcadetlu
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plants
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Phuong N. Nguyen
Jason Jandrew
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Ball Horticultural Co
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Ball Horticultural Co
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/86Verbenaceae, e.g. Verbena

Abstract

A new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’, characterized by its dark violet-colored flowers, medium green-colored foliage, and moderately vigorous, compact-upright growth habit, is disclosed.

Description

Latin name of genus and species of plant claimed: Verbena hybrid.
Variety denomination: ‘Balcadetlu’.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant botanically known as Verbena hybrid and hereinafter referred to by the cultivar name ‘Balcadetlu’.
The new cultivar originated in a controlled breeding program in Arroyo Grande, Calif. during May 2015. The objective of the breeding program was the development of Verbena cultivars that have a compact-upright growth habit.
The new Verbena cultivar is the result of cross-pollination. The female (seed) parent of the new cultivar is the proprietary Verbena hybrid breeding selection coded PN10658-1, not patented, characterized by its light purple-colored flowers, medium green-colored foliage, and moderately vigorous, compact-upright growth habit. The male (pollen) parent of the new cultivar is the proprietary Verbena hybrid breeding selection coded PN10556-1, not patented, characterized by its light purple-colored flowers, medium green-colored foliage, and moderately vigorous, compact-upright growth habit. The new cultivar was discovered and selected as a single flowering plant within the progeny of the above stated cross-pollination during April 2016 in a controlled environment in Arroyo Grande, Calif.
Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar by terminal stem cuttings since April 2016 in Arroyo Grande, Calif., and West Chicago, Ill. has demonstrated that the new cultivar reproduces true to type with all of the characteristics, as herein described, firmly fixed and retained through successive generations of such asexual propagation.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The following characteristics of the new cultivar have been repeatedly observed and can be used to distinguish ‘Balcadetlu’ as a new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant:
    • 1. Dark violet-colored flowers;
    • 2. Medium green-colored foliage; and
    • 3. Moderately vigorous, compact-upright growth habit.
Plants of the new cultivar differ from plants of the female and male parents primarily in having a darker flower color.
Of the many commercially available Verbena cultivars, the most similar in comparison to the new cultivar is Cadet Upright Lavender Blue ‘Balcadavlu’, U.S. Plant Pat. No. 30,608. However, in side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new cultivar differ from plants of ‘Balcadavlu’ in at least the following characteristics:
    • 1. Plants of the new cultivar have flowers with more violet coloration than plants of ‘Balcadavlu’; and
    • 2. Plants of the new cultivar have more florets per inflorescence than plants of ‘Balcadavlu’.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
The accompanying photographs show, as nearly true as it is reasonably possible to make the same in color illustrations of this type, typical flower and foliage characteristics of the new cultivar. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed description, which accurately describes the colors of ‘Balcadetlu’. The plants were approximately 3 months old and grown in 6-inch pots for approximately 8 weeks in a greenhouse in West Chicago, Ill. Plants were given one pinch at transplant.
FIG. 1 illustrates a side view of the overall growth and flowering habit of ‘Balcadetlu’.
FIG. 2 illustrates a close-up view of an individual inflorescence of ‘Balcadetlu’.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The new cultivar has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions to date. Accordingly, it is possible that the phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in the environment, such as temperature, light intensity, and day length, without, however, any variance in genotype.
The chart used in the identification of colors described herein is The R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, 2015 edition, except where general color terms of ordinary significance are used. The color values were determined in March 2019 under natural light conditions in West Chicago, Ill.
The following descriptions and measurements describe approximately 3-month old plants produced from cuttings from stock plants and grown in a glass-covered greenhouse under conditions comparable to those used in commercial practice. The plants were grown in West Chicago, Ill. in 6-inch pots for approximately 8 weeks utilizing a soilless growth medium. Plants were given one pinch at transplant. Greenhouse temperatures were maintained at approximately 67° F. to 72° F. (19° C. to 22° C.) during the day and approximately 65° F. to 68° F. (18° C. to 20° C.) during the night. Supplemental lighting was used. Measurements and numerical values represent averages of typical plants.
  • Botanical classification: Verbena hybrid ‘Balcadetlu’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female parent.—Proprietary Verbena hybrid breeding selection coded PN10658-1, not patented.
      • Male parent.—Proprietary Verbena hybrid breeding selection coded PN10556-1, not patented.
  • Propagation:
      • Type cutting.—Terminal stem.
      • Time to initiate roots.—Approximately 6 to 9 days.
      • Time to produce a rooted cutting.—Approximately 24 to 28 days.
      • Root description.—Fibrous.
      • Rooting habit.—Freely branching.
  • Plant description:
      • Commercial crop time.—Approximately 5 to 7 weeks from a rooted cutting to finish in a 10 cm pot.
      • Growth habit and general appearance.—Moderately vigorous, compact-upright.
      • Size.—Height from soil level to top of plant plane: Approximately 17.5 cm. Width: Approximately 24.5 cm.
      • Branching habit.—Freely branching, pinching enhances basal branching. Quantity of main branches per plant: Approximately 6.
      • Branch.—Shape: Square in cross section. Strength: Strong. Length: Approximately 11.0 cm. Diameter: Approximately 3.0 mm. Length of central internode: Approximately 3.0 cm. Texture: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Color of young stems: 144A. Color of mature stems: 137B.
  • Foliage description:
      • General description.—Quantity of leaves per main branch: Approximately 8. Fragrance: None detected. Form: Simple. Arrangement: Opposite.
      • Leaves.—Aspect: Perpendicular to stem, obtuse angle with age. Shape: Ovate to oblong. Margin: Crenate. Apex: Broadly acute. Base: Truncate. Venation pattern: Pinnate. Length of mature leaf: Approximately 4.5 cm. Width of mature leaf: Approximately 3.4 cm. Texture of upper surface: Densely pubescent. Texture of lower surface: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Color of upper surface of young and mature foliage: Closest to but darker than 137A with venation of 147C. Color of lower surface of young and mature foliage: Closest to 137B with venation of 147C.
      • Petiole.—Length: Approximately 7.0 mm. Diameter: Approximately 2.0 mm. Texture: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Color: 147C to 147D.
  • Flowering description:
      • Flowering habit.—‘Balcadetlu’ is freely flowering under outdoor growing conditions with substantially continuous blooming from spring through autumn and year-round in greenhouse environment.
      • Lastingness of individual flower on the plant.—Approximately 5 to 7 days.
  • Inflorescence description:
      • General description.—Type: Corymb. Shape: Hemispherical. Quantity per plant: Approximately 5. Fragrance: None detected. Length or height: 3.5 cm. Width: Approximately 6.0 cm. Quantity of fully open flowers per inflorescence: Approximately 18.
      • Peduncle.—Strength: Strong. Aspect: Erect. Length: Approximately 3.0 cm. Diameter: Approximately 2.0 mm. Texture: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Color: 137B.
  • Flower description:
      • General description.—Type: Sessile, salverform.
      • Bud.—Rate of opening: Generally takes 2 to 3 days for bud to progress from first color to fully open flower. Quantity of unopened inflorescences per plant: Approximately 5.
      • Bud just before opening.—Shape: Elongated, globular at apex. Length: Approximately 1.3 cm. Diameter: Approximately 3.0 mm. Color: Petal portion N88A, sepal portion 137B.
      • Corolla.—Shape: Round. Diameter: Approximately 2.1 cm. Depth: Approximately 3.2 cm.
      • Petals.—Quantity: 5, fused at base forming a tube. Shape: Obovate. Arrangement: Touching to overlapping. Appearance: Dull. Margin: Entire, weak undulation. Apex: Emarginate. Length of upper petals from tube: Approximately 9.0 mm. Width of upper petals: Approximately 8.0 mm. Length of lateral petals from tube: Approximately 9.0 mm. Width of lateral petals: Approximately 9.0 mm. Length of lower petal from tube: Approximately 1.0 cm. Width of lower petal: Approximately 1.0 cm. Texture of upper surface: Glabrous with glandular pubescent base. Gland color: N87A and colorless, transparent. Texture of lower surface: Sparsely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Color of upper surface when first and fully open: N87A tinted with N88A, NN155D at base on lower margins of lateral and lower petals. Color of lower surface when first and fully open: N87C with NN155D at base of lateral and lower petals. Color of whiskers surrounding the opening of the corolla tube: 94C.
      • Corolla tube.—Length: Approximately 1.9 cm. Diameter at proximal end: Approximately 1.0 mm. Diameter at distal end: Approximately 2.0 mm. Texture of outer surface: Upper half moderately glandular pubescent, lower half glabrous. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Texture of inner surface: Densely pubescent. Color of outer surface: NN155B tinted with 145D at distal end. Color of inner surface: NN155B.
      • Calyx.—Shape: Tubular with 5 acute tips. Length: Approximately 1.1 cm. Width: Approximately 3.0 mm.
      • Sepals.—Quantity per flower: 5, fused at base. Shape: Linear. Apex: Acute. Length: Approximately 1.1 cm. Width: Approximately 1.0 mm. Texture of inner surface: Moderately pubescent. Texture of outer surface: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Mixture of N92C and colorless, transparent. Color of inner and outer surfaces: 137B.
      • Stipules.—Shape: Lanceolate. Apex: Acute. Length: Approximately 5.0 mm. Width at base: Approximately 1.0 mm. Texture of inner surface: Sparsely pubescent. Texture of outer surface: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and nonglandular hairs. Gland color: Colorless, transparent. Color of inner and outer surfaces: 137A with 144A at base.
      • Reproductive organs.—Androecium: Stamen quantity: 4, didynamous. Stamen length of longer pair: Approximately 2.0 mm. Stamen length of shorter pair: Approximately 1.0 mm. Anther shape: Bilobed, ovoid. Anther length: Approximately 1.0 mm. Anther color: 145B. Pollen amount: Moderate. Pollen color: 1D. Gynoecium: Pistil quantity: 1 per flower. Pistil length: Approximately 1.9 cm. Stigma shape: Bifid. Stigma length: Less than 1.0 mm. Stigma color: 137A. Style length: Approximately 1.8 cm. Style color: 145D. Ovary diameter: Approximately 1.0 mm. Ovary texture: Glabrous. Ovary color: 144A.
  • Seed and fruit production: Neither seed nor fruit production has been observed.
  • Disease and pest resistance: Resistance to pathogens and pests common to Verbena has not been observed.

Claims (1)

What is claimed is:
1. A new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’, substantially as herein illustrated and described.
US16/501,922 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’ Active USPP31977P2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16/501,922 USPP31977P2 (en) 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16/501,922 USPP31977P2 (en) 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Verbena plant named ‘Balcadetlu’

Publications (1)

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USPP31977P2 true USPP31977P2 (en) 2020-07-14

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Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Ball Flora Plant Cadet Upright Verbena, retrieved on Mar. 4, 2020, retrieved from the Internet at https://www.ballfloraplant.com/Series_Info.aspx?phid=063408425039703, 2 pp. (Year: 2020). *
Ball Seed 2019 California Spring Trials, retrieved on Mar. 4, 2020, retrieved from the Internet at file:///C:/Users/jhwu/Downloads/19006_BSC%20NV%20CAST%20book_LR%20(2).pdf, 1 cover page, 2 intro, p. 13, 2 back pages. (Year: 2019). *
Vellekoop 2019 California Spring Trials 2019 coming to an end, retrieved on Mar. 4, 2020, retrieved from the Internet at https://www.floraldaily.com/article/9087287/california-spring-trials-2019-coming-to-an-end/, 3 pp. (Year: 2019). *

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