USPP31950P3 - Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’ - Google Patents

Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’ Download PDF

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USPP31950P3
USPP31950P3 US16/501,195 US201916501195V USPP31950P3 US PP31950 P3 USPP31950 P3 US PP31950P3 US 201916501195 V US201916501195 V US 201916501195V US PP31950 P3 USPP31950 P3 US PP31950P3
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phlox
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plants
plant
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US20200053936P1 (en
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Jelle van den Haak
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Innoflora Plant Breeding BV
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Innoflora Plant Breeding BV
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/70Polemoniaceae, e.g. Phlox

Abstract

A new and distinct cultivar of Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’, characterized by its compact and uniformly mounded plant habit; moderately vigorous to vigorous growth habit; freely branching habit; dark green-colored leaves; freely flowering habit; flowers that are intense red purple in color; and good container and garden performance.

Description

Botanical designation: Phlox paniculata.
Cultivar denomination: ‘IFPHLFM’.
CROSS-REFERENCED TO CLOSELY RELATED APPLICATIONS
Title: Varieties of Phlox Plants
Applicant: Jelle van den Haak
Provisional application Ser. No. 62/764,553
Filed: Aug. 7, 2018
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Phlox plant, botanically known as Phlox paniculata, typically grown as a container and garden Phlox, hereinafter referred to by the name ‘IFPHLFM’ and disclosed in U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 62/764,553.
The new Phlox plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Andijk, The Netherlands. The objective of the breeding program is to create new vigorous Phlox plants with numerous attractive flowers.
The new Phlox plant originated from a cross-pollination of a proprietary selection of Phlox paniculata identified as code number 9009-05, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with a proprietary selection of Phlox paniculata identified as code number 047-11-K013-01, not patented, as the male, or pollen, parent in August, 2013. The new Phlox plant was discovered and selected as a single plant from within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled nursery environment in Andijk, The Netherlands in July, 2014.
Asexual reproduction of the new Phlox plant by cuttings in a controlled environment in Andijk, The Netherlands since September, 2017 has shown that the unique features of this new Phlox plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The new Phlox plant has not been observed under all possible combinations of environmental conditions and cultural practices. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘IFPHLFM’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘IFPHLFM’ as a new and distinct Phlox plant:
    • 1. Compact and uniformly mounded plant habit.
    • 2. Moderately vigorous to vigorous growth habit.
    • 3. Freely branching habit.
    • 4. Dark green-colored leaves.
    • 5. Freely flowering habit.
    • 6. Flowers that are intense red purple in color.
    • 7. Good container and garden performance.
Plants of the new Phlox and the female parent selection differ primarily in flower color as plants of the new Phlox have red purple-colored flowers whereas plants of the female parent selection have light purple-colored flowers.
Plants of the new Phlox and the male parent selection differ primarily in the following characteristics:
    • 1. Plants of the new Phlox are not as compact as plants of the male parent selection.
    • 2. Plants of the new Phlox have larger flowers than plants of the male parent selection.
Plants of the new Phlox can also be compared to plants of Phlox paniculata ‘Barfourteen’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 12,605. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Phlox and ‘Barfourteen’ differ in the following characteristics:
    • 1. Plants of the new Phlox have larger flowers than plants of ‘Barfourteen’.
    • 2. Plants of the new Phlox and ‘Barfourteen’ differ in flower color as flowers of plants of the new Phlox are lighter red purple in color than flowers of plants ‘Barfourteen’.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
The accompanying photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Phlox plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Phlox plant.
The photograph on the first sheet is a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of ‘IFPHLFM’ grown in a container.
The photographs on the second sheet are close-up views of a typical inflorescence (upper photograph) and typical leaves (lower photograph) of ‘IFPHLFM’.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The aforementioned photographs and following observations and measurements describe plants grown during the summer in 17-cm containers in an outdoor nursery in Heerhugowaard, The Netherlands and under cultural practices typically used in commercial Phlox production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 10° C. to 25° C. and night temperatures ranged from 4° C. to 15° C. Plants were pinched five weeks after planting and were 15 weeks old when the photographs and description were taken. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2015 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
  • Botanical classification: Phlox paniculata ‘IFPHLFM’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female, or seed, parent.—Proprietary selection of Phlox paniculata identified as code number 9009-5, not patented.
      • Male, or pollen, parent.—Proprietary selection of Phlox paniculata identified as code number 047-11-K013-01, not patented.
  • Propagation:
      • Type.—By terminal cuttings.
      • Time to initiate roots, summer.—About 12 days at temperatures about 20° C.
      • Time to initiate roots, winter.—About 16 days at temperatures about 20° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.—About 36 days at temperatures about 18° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.—About 42 days at temperatures about 18° C.
      • Root description.—Medium in thickness, moderately fibrous; close to 158B to 158C in color, actual color of the roots is dependent on substrate composition, water quality, fertilizer type and formulation, substrate temperature and physiological age of roots.
      • Rooting habit.—Freely branching; dense.
  • Plant description:
      • Plant and growth habit.—Herbaceous perennial; broadly upright and compact plant habit; overall shape, broadly and short inverted triangle; moderately vigorous to vigorous in growth habit and moderate growth rate.
      • Plant height, soil level to top of foliar plane.—About 21.7 cm.
      • Plant height, soil level to top of floral plane.—About 25.6 cm.
      • Plant width (spread).—About 27.3 cm.
      • Lateral branches.—Quantity: Typically a single primary branch and about ten secondary branches per plant. Length: About 14.2 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm. Internode length: About 2.3 cm. Strength: Strong. Aspect: Upright to about 40° from vertical. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; moderately glossy. Color: Close to 144A to 144B; color becoming closer to 143B to 143C with development; at the petiole attachment, strongly tinged with close to N186C.
  • Leaf description:
      • Arrangement.—Opposite, simple.
      • Length.—About 9.9 cm.
      • Width.—About 4.1 cm.
      • Shape.—Elliptic to obovate; moderately carinate.
      • Apex.—Apiculate.
      • Base.—Truncate.
      • Margin.—Entire; very finely serrate, serrations are inconspicious.
      • Texture and luster, upper surface.—Smooth, glabrous; moderately rugose; slightly glossy.
      • Texture and luster, lower surface.—Smooth, glabrous; moderately rugose; matte.
      • Venation pattern.—Pinnate.
      • Color.—Developing leaves, upper surface: Close to 144A. Developing leaves, lower surface: Close to 144B. Fully expanded leaves, upper surface: Slightly darker than between NN137A and 147A; venation, close to N144A. Fully expanded leaves, lower surface: Close to 137C; venation, close to 145B.
      • Petioles.—Length: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 2.5 mm by 3 mm. Texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous; matte. Color, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 144B.
  • Flower description:
      • Flower type and flowering habit.—Single rotate and salverform flowers arranged in compound terminal panicles; flowers face upright to outwardly; panicles roughly hemispherical in shape; freely flowering habit with about 165 flowers developing per inflorescence and about 1,000 flowers developing per plant during the flowering season.
      • Fragrance.—Moderately fragrant; sweet, pleasant.
      • Natural flowering season.—Plants begin flowering about 15 weeks after planting; long flowering period, plants flower continuously throughout the summer in The Netherlands.
      • Flower longevity.—Flowers last about ten days on the plant; flowers not persistent.
      • Flower buds.—Height: About 2.4 cm. Diameter: About 5 mm. Shape: Oblanceolate. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; slightly glossy. Color: Close to N80A; tube, close to N77B; developing calyx, close to 144C, distally, close to 200A.
      • Inflorescence height.—About 10.1 cm.
      • Inflorescence diameter.—About 11.4 cm.
      • Flower diameter.—About 2.8 cm.
      • Flower depth.—About 2.5 cm.
      • Flower throat diameter.—About 3 mm.
      • Flower tube length.—About 1.7 cm.
      • Flower tube diameter.—About 3 mm.
      • Petals.—Quantity per flower: Typically five in a single whorl; petals fused at the base into a narrow tube; free parts slightly imbricate. Length (including tube): About 3.1 cm; 55% of the petal is fused. Lobe width: About 1.3 cm. Lobe shape: Spatulate. Lobe apex: Obtuse. Margin: Entire; slightly undulate. Texture and luster, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous; velvety; matte. Texture and luster, lower surface: Smooth, glabrous; slightly velvety; slightly glossy. Texture, throat: Smooth, glabrous; moderately velvety. Texture, tube: Densely pubescent. Color: When opening, upper surface: Between 61A and 71A; towards the throat, close to 71B. When opening, lower surface: Close to 72C. Fully opened, upper surface: Between 71B and N74A; towards the throat, close to N74B; venation, similar to lamina colors; color does not change with development. Fully opened, lower surface: Between 77B and 77C; venation, similar to lamina colors; color does not change with development. Throat: Close to N66A; venation, close to N66A. Tube: Close to 77B; venation, close to 77B.
      • Sepals.—Quantity per flower: Typically five in a single whorl, fused towards the base; calyx, campanulate. Length: About 7 mm; 30% of the sepal is fused. Width: About 1.5 mm. Shape: Lanceolate. Apex: Narrowly apiculate. Margin: Entire; not undulate. Texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous; slightly glossy. Color: When opening, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 144C; distally, close to 200A; towards the margins, close to 186B. Fully opened, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 144C strongly tinged with between N186C and 200A; towards the margins, close to 186B; venation, close to N199A.
      • Peduncles.—Length, terminal peduncles: About 6.3 cm. Diameter, terminal peduncles: About 2.5 mm. Aspect, primary peduncles: Erect. Aspect, secondary peduncles: About 40° from vertical. Strength: Strong. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; moderately glossy. Color: Close to 144A.
      • Pedicels.—Length: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Angle: About 20° from the peduncle axis. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; moderately glossy. Color: Close to 146C slightly tinged with close to 200D.
      • Reproductive organs.—Stamens: Quantity per flower: Typically five. Filament length: About 1 mm. Filament color: Close to N155A. Anther size: About 1.75 mm by 1 mm. Anther shape: Narrowly oblong. Anther color: Close to 159D. Pollen amount: Scarce. Pollen color: Close to 160B. Pistils: Quantity per flower: One. Pistil length: About 1.8 cm. Style length: About 1 cm. Style color: Close to 146D. Stigma size: About 1.5 mm by 2 mm. Stigma shape: Cleft, three-parted. Stigma color: Close to 150D. Ovary color: Close to 143C.
      • Seeds and fruits.—To date, seed and fruit development have not been observed on plants of the new Phlox.
  • Garden performance: Plants of the new Phlox have been observed to have good garden performance and tolerate rain, wind, high temperatures about 35° C. and to be suitable for USDA Hardiness Zones 6 through 10.
  • Pathogen & pest resistance: Plants of the new Phlox have been not been observed to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Phlox plants.

Claims (1)

It is claimed:
1. A new and distinct Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’ as illustrated and described.
US16/501,195 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’ Active USPP31950P3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201862764553P true 2018-08-07 2018-08-07
US16/501,195 USPP31950P3 (en) 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16/501,195 USPP31950P3 (en) 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’

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US20200053936P1 US20200053936P1 (en) 2020-02-13
USPP31950P3 true USPP31950P3 (en) 2020-07-07

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US16/501,195 Active USPP31950P3 (en) 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFM’
US16/501,194 Active USPP31924P3 (en) 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFRS’
US16/501,196 Active USPP31949P3 (en) 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFC’

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US16/501,196 Active USPP31949P3 (en) 2018-08-07 2019-03-05 Phlox plant named ‘IFPHLFC’

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US20200053935P1 (en) 2020-02-13
USPP31949P3 (en) 2020-07-07
USPP31924P3 (en) 2020-06-30
US20200053937P1 (en) 2020-02-13
US20200053936P1 (en) 2020-02-13

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Owner name: INNOFLORA PLANT BREEDING B.V., NETHERLANDS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VAN DEN HAAK, JELLE;REEL/FRAME:049340/0024

Effective date: 20190114