USPP28531P2 - Carnation plant named ‘Hilesmay’ - Google PatentsCarnation plant named ‘Hilesmay’ Download PDF
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- USPP28531P2 USPP28531P2 US14/999,647 US201614999647V USPP28531P2 US PP28531 P2 USPP28531 P2 US PP28531P2 US 201614999647 V US201614999647 V US 201614999647V US PP28531 P2 USPP28531 P2 US PP28531P2
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- 240000006497 Dianthus caryophyllus Species 0.000 title claims abstract description 35
- 241000196324 Embryophyta Species 0.000 abstract description 50
- 230000017260 vegetative to reproductive phase transition of meristem Effects 0.000 abstract description 8
- 235000009355 Dianthus caryophyllus Nutrition 0.000 description 21
- 240000004051 Cosmos caudatus Species 0.000 description 7
- 235000005956 Cosmos caudatus Nutrition 0.000 description 7
- 239000002932 luster Substances 0.000 description 7
- 239000004579 marble Substances 0.000 description 7
- 241000219322 Dianthus Species 0.000 description 6
- 239000003086 colorants Substances 0.000 description 5
- 230000018109 developmental process Effects 0.000 description 5
- 241001164374 Calyx Species 0.000 description 3
- 241000218922 Magnoliophyta Species 0.000 description 2
- 241000607479 Yersinia pestis Species 0.000 description 2
- 230000011681 asexual reproduction Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000001488 breeding Effects 0.000 description 2
- 235000013399 edible fruits Nutrition 0.000 description 2
- 238000005562 fading Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000002689 soil Substances 0.000 description 2
- 240000001140 Mimosa pudica Species 0.000 description 1
- 210000001672 Ovary Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 102200141847 RPS15 N74D Human genes 0.000 description 1
- 230000001154 acute Effects 0.000 description 1
- 235000009508 confectionery Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 201000010099 diseases Diseases 0.000 description 1
- 230000002708 enhancing Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000003205 fragrance Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005259 measurements Methods 0.000 description 1
- 210000000056 organs Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 230000001717 pathogenic Effects 0.000 description 1
- 244000052769 pathogens Species 0.000 description 1
- 230000002085 persistent Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000644 propagated Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000033458 reproduction Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001850 reproductive Effects 0.000 description 1
Botanical designation: Dianthus L.
Cultivar denomination: ‘HILESMAY’.
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Carnation plant, botanically known as Dianthus L., grown commercially as a container plant and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘Hilesmay’.
The new Carnation plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in De Kwakel, The Netherlands. The objective of the breeding program is to create new container Carnation plants with numerous attractive flowers.
The new Carnation plant originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in De Kwakel, The Netherlands in June, 2011 of Dianthus L. ‘Marble Choclat’, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with a proprietary selection of Dianthus L. identified as code number A26340-01, not patented, as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Carnation plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant from within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled greenhouse environment in De Kwakel, The Netherlands in September, 2012.
Asexual reproduction of the new Carnation plant by terminal cuttings propagated in a controlled greenhouse environment in De Kwakel, The Netherlands since October, 2012 has shown that the unique features of this new Carnation plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations of asexual reproduction.
Plants of the new Carnation have not been observed under all possible combinations of environmental conditions and cultural practices. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature and light intensity, without, however, any variance in genotype.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘Hilesmay’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘Hilesmay’ as a new and distinct Carnation plant:
- 1. Compact, uniformly mounding and upright to broadly spreading plant habit.
- 2. Relatively small leaves.
- 3. Freely flowering habit.
- 4. Red purple and greyed purple bi-colored single flowers.
- 5. Good container performance.
Plants of the new Carnation differ primarily from plants of the female parent, ‘Marble Choclat’, in the following characteristics:
- 1. Plants of the new Carnation are not as compact as plants of ‘Marble Choclat’.
- 2. Flowers of plants of the new Carnation have fewer petals than flowers of plants of ‘Marble Choclat’.
- 3. Plants of the new Carnation and ‘Marble Choclat’ differ in flower color as flowers of plants of ‘Marble Choclat’ have white-colored margins.
Plants of the new Carnation differ primarily from plants of the male parent selection in the following characteristics:
- 1. Plants of the new Carnation are more upright than and not as trailing as plants of the male parent selection.
- 2. Flowers of plants of the new Carnation have fewer petals than flowers of plants of the male parent selection.
- 3. Plants of the new Carnation and the male parent selection differ in flower color as plants of the male parent selection have darker-colored flowers.
Plants of the new Carnation also can be compared to plants of Dianthus caryophyllus ‘Margarita’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 17,335. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Carnation differ primarily from plants of ‘Margarita’ in the following characteristics:
- 1. Plants of the new Carnation are more freely branching than plants of ‘Margarita’.
- 2. Plants of the new Carnation have shorter branches than plants of ‘Margarita’.
- 3. Plants of the new Carnation are more freely flowering than plants of ‘Margarita’.
- 4. Plants of the new Carnation and ‘Margarita’ differ in flower color as plants of ‘Margarita’ have white and red purple-colored flowers.
The accompanying photograph illustrates the overall appearance of the new Carnation plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photograph may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Carnation plant.
The photograph comprises a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of ‘Hilesmay’ grown in a container.
Plants used in the aforementioned photograph and following observations and measurements were grown during the spring in 10.5-cm containers in a glass-covered greenhouse in De Kwakel, The Netherlands and under cultural practices typical of commercial container Carnation production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 12° C. to 16° C., night temperatures averaged 12° C. and light levels averaged 7,000 lux. Plants used for the photograph and description were three months old. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2015 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
- Botanical classification: Dianthus L. ‘Hilesmay’.
- Female, or seed, parent.—Dianthus L. ‘Marble Choclat’, not patented.
- Male, or pollen, parent.—Proprietary selection of Dianthus L. identified as code number A26340-01, not patented.
- Type.—By terminal cuttings.
- Time to initiate roots, summer.—About six days at temperatures ranging from 20° C. to 25° C.
- Time to initiate roots, winter.—About eight days at temperatures about 18° C.
- Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.—About three weeks at temperatures ranging from 20° C. to 25° C.
- Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.—About five weeks at temperatures about 18° C.
- Root description.—Medium in thickness, fibrous; whitish in color.
- Rooting habit.—Moderate branching; medium density.
- Plant description:
- Plant and growth habit.—Herbaceous perennial, typically grown as a container plant; compact, uniformly mounding, upright to broadly spreading plant habit; growth habit, moderate to low vigor.
- Plant height, soil level to top of foliar plane.—About 14.6 cm.
- Plant height, soil level to top of floral plane.—About 18.1 cm.
- Plant diameter or spread.—About 21 cm.
- Lateral branches.—Branching habit: Freely branching habit with about seven main (basal) stems; each main stem with about five lateral branches; pinching enhances lateral branch development. Length: About 8.6 cm. Diameter: About 1.5 mm. Internode length: About 3 mm. Strength: Strong. Aspect: Upright to about 60° from vertical. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; moderately glossy. Color, developing: Close to 142B; at internodes, close to 145B. Color, developed: Close to N138B.
- Leaf description:
- Arrangement.—Opposite, simple; sessile.
- Length.—About 7.6 cm.
- Width.—About 4 mm.
- Shape.—Narrowly oblanceolate; moderately carinate.
- Base.—Attenuate; decurrent.
- Texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces.—Smooth, glabrous; matte.
- Venation pattern.—Parallel.
- Color.—Developing leaves, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 143A; towards the base, close to 144B. Fully expanded leaves, upper surface: Close to between NN137A and 139A; venation, close to between NN137A and 139A. Fully expanded leaves, lower surface: Close to between NN137C and N138A; venation, close to 143A to 143B.
- Flower description:
- Flower form and flowering habit.—Single flowers arranged singly or in pairs; freely flowering habit with about 55 flowers developing during the flowering season; flowers face mostly upright to slightly outwardly.
- Natural flowering season.—Flowering is continuous from the spring to late summer in The Netherlands; plants begin flowering about nine to eleven weeks after planting.
- Postproduction longevity.—Flowers last about ten days on the plant; flowers not persistent.
- Fragrance.—Moderately fragrant; clove-like, sweet.
- Flower buds.—Length: About 2.4 cm. Diameter: About 7 mm. Shape: Oblong to narrowly obovate. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; matte. Color: Close to NN137C; petal apices, close to 71A.
- Flower diameter.—About 4 cm.
- Flower depth.—About 3.2 cm.
- Petals.—Quantity and arrangement: Five petals arranged in a single whorl. Length: About 3.9 cm. Width: About 2.1 cm. Shape: Spatulate. Apex: Praemorse; slightly crinkled. Base: Narrowly cuneate. Margin: Entire; slightly undulate. Texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous; slightly velvety; matte. Color: When opening, upper surface: Close to 187A; two large blotches, close to between 60A and 61B; towards the base, close to 70B; at the base, close to 145B. When opening, lower surface: Close to 59C; at the base, close to 145B. Fully opened, upper surface: Close to between 59A and 187B; two large blotches, close to 64B to 64C; towards the base, close to N74D; at the base, close to 145B; color does not change with development; venation, similar to lamina colors. Fully opened, lower surface: Close to 186D; towards the margins, fading to close to 75C; at the base, close to 145B; color does not change with development; venation, similar to lamina colors. Petaloids: Petaloid development has not been observed on plants of the new Carnation.
- Sepals.—Quantity and arrangement: Five sepals arranged in a single whorl; proximal 70% portion of the sepals are fused into a campanulate-shaped calyx. Calyx length: About 2.2 cm. Calyx diameter: About 9 mm. Sepal length: About 2.2 cm. Sepal width, at base of “free” portion: About 4 mm. Shape: Narrowly oblong. Apex: Acute. Margin: Entire. Texture and luster, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous; glossy. Texture and luster, lower surface: Smooth, glabrous; matte. Color: When opening, upper surface: Close to 146B. When opening, lower surface: Close to NN137C. Fully opened, upper surface: Close to 146B. Fully opened, lower surface: Close to between 139A and 147A.
- Peduncles.—Length: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Strength: Moderately strong. Aspect: About 15° from the stem axis, Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; moderately glossy. Color: Close to 137C.
- Reproductive organs.—Stamens: Quantity: About ten stamens per flower. Filament length: About 2.3 cm. Filament color: Close to NN155D. Anther length: About 2 mm. Anther shape: Oblong. Anther color: Close to 186D. Pollen: Moderate. Pollen color: Close to 156D. Pistils: Quantity: About two per flower. Pistil length: About 2.4 cm. Stigma diameter: About 2 mm. Stigma shape: Pointed, spirally curved. Stigma color: Close to 70A to 70B. Style length: About 1.7 cm. Style color: Close to 70C to 70D; proximally, fading to close to NN155D. Ovary color: Close to 145A to 145B. Fruits and seeds: Fruit and seed development have not been observed on plants of the new Carnation.
- Disease & pest resistance: Plants of the new Carnation have not been observed to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Carnation plants.
- Temperature tolerance: Plants of the new Carnation have been observed to tolerate high temperatures about 35° C. and to be suitable for USDA Hardiness Zones 5 to 9.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US14/999,647 USPP28531P2 (en)||2016-06-08||2016-06-08||Carnation plant named ‘Hilesmay’|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US14/999,647 USPP28531P2 (en)||2016-06-08||2016-06-08||Carnation plant named ‘Hilesmay’|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|USPP28531P2 true USPP28531P2 (en)||2017-10-17|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US14/999,647 Active USPP28531P2 (en)||2016-06-08||2016-06-08||Carnation plant named ‘Hilesmay’|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||USPP28531P2 (en)|
- 2016-06-08 US US14/999,647 patent/USPP28531P2/en active Active
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