USPP21668P3 - Hydrangea plant named ‘Merritt White’ - Google Patents

Hydrangea plant named ‘Merritt White’ Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USPP21668P3
USPP21668P3 US12/322,241 US32224109V USPP21668P3 US PP21668 P3 USPP21668 P3 US PP21668P3 US 32224109 V US32224109 V US 32224109V US PP21668 P3 USPP21668 P3 US PP21668P3
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
white
merritt
sepals
plant
inflorescence
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
US12/322,241
Other versions
US20100199396P1 (en
Inventor
Harrison Masami Higaki
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Syngenta Flowers LLC
Original Assignee
Bay City Flower Co Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bay City Flower Co Inc filed Critical Bay City Flower Co Inc
Priority to US12/322,241 priority Critical patent/USPP21668P3/en
Publication of US20100199396P1 publication Critical patent/US20100199396P1/en
Assigned to BAY CITY FLOWER COMPANY reassignment BAY CITY FLOWER COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HIGAKI, HARRISON M., MR.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USPP21668P3 publication Critical patent/USPP21668P3/en
Assigned to SYNGENTA FLOWERS, LLC. reassignment SYNGENTA FLOWERS, LLC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: Bay City Flower Co.
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers

Abstract

A new and distinct cultivar of Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) named ‘Merritt White’ was found in a field of the patented cultivar ‘Ravel’—U.S. Plant Pat. No. 10,152. The cultivar ‘Merritt White’ has white sepals at maturity and is distinguished from other similar cultivars of which the inventor is aware by the unique manner in which the inflorescence ages. As the mature sepals age and turn green they are highly resistant to burning and turning brown. The new variety ‘Merritt White’ further possesses the favorable characteristics of a compact growth habit and long lasting large inflorescences.

Description

Latin name of the genus and species of the plant claimed: The new plant is a variety of Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.).
Variety denomination: The new plant has been given the varietal designation ‘Merritt White’.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of the Saxifragaceae family. The botanical name of the plant is Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.). The varietal denomination is ‘Merritt White’.
The new cultivar was found in a cultivated area of the plant Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) ‘Ravel’, which is the subject of U.S. Plant Pat. No. 10,152, granted Dec. 16, 1997. ‘Ravel’ is characterized by the pigmentation pattern of its sepals with the base of the sepals lacking pigmentation and the tips and blades developing more and more color as the inflorescence ages, creating a bi-color inflorescence.
The new cultivar ‘Merritt White’ has been successfully asexually reproduced through three successive generations under controlled environmental conditions at a nursery in Half Moon Bay, Calif. under the direction of the inventor with its distinguishing characteristics remaining stable.
‘Merritt White’ is characterized by its ability to withstand changes in light levels, making it ideal for commercial sale in pots. Its leaves do not easily turn chlorotic or brownish due to fluctuations in light levels. Potted plants for commercial sale are exposed to fluctuating light levels as they are transported and prepared for sale. The new variety is also characterized by the ability of its cuttings to establish roots and to root quickly. See table 1 below.
TABLE 1
Comparison with other cultivars.
‘Glory’
‘Merritt White’ (U.S. plant ‘White Robe’ ‘Snowball’
(current patent U.S. Plant Pat. unpatented
variety) applied for) No. 15,192 variety
Relative Medium Compact Tall Compact
Height
Infloresence Good Excellent Acceptable Poor
Uniformity
Relative Acceptable Excellent Excellent Very Poor
resistance to
browning of
sepals when
stressed by
moderate
drought
Relative Acceptable Excellent Good Poor
flower
longetivity
Crop time Standard Very early Late Early
Relative ease Good Excellent Acceptable Excellent
of branching
when pinched
The new variety of Hydrangea as described herein is further characterized by its compact growth habit, and its large, long lasting inflorescences.
Asexual reproduction was first accomplished when vegetative cuttings were taken from the initially selected plant. Examination of asexually reproduced, successive generations grown in at Half Moon Bay, Calif. show that the combination of characteristics as herein disclosed for ‘Merritt White’ remains firmly fixed.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The accompanying drawings consist of color photographs that show the typical plant form, including the inflorescence, foliage, and sepals.
The plant shown is approximately 1 years old. The plant started out as a cutting, taken from the stem of a grown plant. Two leaves were attached to the stem cutting. The cutting was placed in a 6″ pot with hydrangea soil that would produce blue pigmentation in Hydrangeas that have pigmentation in their sepals. The cutting was placed under mist for 3 to 4 weeks until the cutting rooted. The cutting was then moved out of the misting area, but left under glass. Once the cutting produced roots, the plant was fertilized approximately twice a week. The plant was kept inside under glass for 4 to 5 more weeks and then moved outside, and fertilized once a week.
FIG. 1 is a view of an entire plant, grown in a 6″ pot, showing its form, compact growth habit, dark green foliage, inflorescence, and white sepals.
FIG. 2 is a view of the entire plant showing its form, compact growth habit, dark green foliage, inflorescence, and white sepals.
FIG. 3 is a view of the base of the plant of the new variety.
FIG. 4 is a close-up view of the stem of the plant of the new variety.
FIG. 5 is a close-up view of the upper side of a leaf of the plant of the new variety.
FIG. 6 is a close-up view taken from above of a mature inflorescence of the new cultivar showing its large inflorescence.
FIG. 7 is a close-up view taken from above of a relatively young inflorescence of the new cultivar.
FIG. 8 is a close-up view taken from above of an inflorescence of the new cultivar that is more mature than the inflorescence of FIG. 7, but younger than the inflorescence of FIG. 6.
FIG. 9 is a close-up view of the individual florets illustrating the white sepals.
FIG. 10 is a close-up view of an individual non-sepalous floret which is otherwise hidden by the sepalous florets.
DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW PLANT
‘Merritt White’ has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary significantly with variations in environment such as temperature, light intensity and day length. The following is a detailed description of a plant that started as a stem cutting and was grown in a 6″ pot under the prevailing daylengths at Half Moon Bay, Calif. The plants observed were approximately 1 years old. The color determinations were made with The Royal Horticultural Society (R.H.S.) Colour Chart.
  • The plant:
      • Origin.—Sport.
      • Parent.—Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) ‘Ravel’ which is the subject of U.S. Plant Pat. No. 10,152, granted Dec. 16, 1997.
      • Classification.—Botanic. — Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) ‘Merritt White’. Commercial. — Florist Hydrangea ‘Merritt White’.
      • Form.—Upright, compact shrub. A typical plant with a mature infloresence that is ready for sale is approximately 38 cm high and has a diameter of 50 cm when grown in a 6″ pot with appropriate soil amendments.
      • Growth.—Upright, vigorous growth habit. Inflorescence is large. The plant braches easily with shoots forming at the base of the plant. Lateral branches are similar in appearance and form to the main stems.
      • Stems.—Lenticels are present; stems become woody as they age. The color of typical young stems and young lateral branches is R.H.S. 145 A (green group). Woody stems and lateral branches are R.H.S. 199 A (grey-brown group) Typical internode length on mature stems and branches is approximately 1.75″ to 2.5″. Stems and lateral branches are approximately 5 to 7 mm in width. Stems and branches are smooth. Plant produces as many as 6 lateral branches when main stem in pinched above the third node.
      • Foliage.—Abundant. Leaves are opposite on stem and lateral branches. The blades of small mature leaves are approximately 14 cm long and 10 cm wide, while large mature leaves have blades that are as long as 18 cm long and as wide as 15 cm. Petioles can be as long as 2.5 cm and are typically 4 mm wide. The petioles are R.H.S. 145 C (yellow-green group). There can be as many as 5 leaf pairs on a new stem below the infloresence. Shape of leaf. — Elliptic with an acute apex and cordate base; margins are serrate. Texture. — Glabrous; veins dominate on the underside of the leaf and are sunken on the leaf surface. Color. — Mature leaves have an upper side that is R.H.S. 139 A (green group); under side is R.H.S. 147 C (yellow-green group). The veins of mature leaves are R.H.S. 145 C (yellow-green group) whether viewed from the top or the bottom of the leaf. Leaves are pinnately veined. The mid vein and veins branching off the midvein are large and prominent on the underside of the leaves.
  • Buds:
      • Form.—Globose; with 4 to 5 connate, elliptic, smooth petals. Buds in the very center of the inflorescence are non-sepalous. The majority of buds have sepals. They are approximately 1 mm by 1 mm. Very young floret buds are R.H.S. 145C (yellow-green group).
      • Aspect.—Smooth.
      • Arrangement.—Borne on branched panicles.
      • Color.—Buds and their petals and sepals are R.H.S. 145 C (yellow-green group), and whiten as the bud matures. Petals eventually fall off with reproductive organs.
  • Inflorescence:
      • Form.—Paniculate. Terminal. 100 or more individual flowers (florets) per inflorescence. Both sepalous florets and non-sepalous florets borne on same panicle with the sepalous florets hiding the non-sepaolous florets, when the inflorescence reaches maturity. An infloresence with 100 florets may have as many as 85 sepalous florets and 15 non-sepalous florets. Flowers do not produce a fragrance. The peduncle or panicle for the inforescence is strong and upright, and typically starts branching 1″ above the last main leaf pair on the stem. Small leaves appear on pedicels low on the panicle. Color of the peduncle is R.H.S. 145 A (green group). Pedicels for the individual florets are predominately white (R.H.S. 155D (white group)) at maturity. Pedicels are typically 2 cm to 5 cm long, branch at many different angles and are approximately 2 mm in diameter.
      • Size of inflorescence.—Large. Individual inflorescence size is dependent on the number of florets. Typical infloresences can grow as large as 25 cm in diameter, and 15 cm high above the last full leaf pair.
      • Shape.—Clusters of numerous small florets; sepalous florets are flat and overlapping one another. Sepals are persistent. Sepals elongate and greens as the inflorescence ages past maturity. Non-sepalous florets are inconspicuous and hidden by sepalous florets.
      • Appearance.—Showy.
  • Florets:
      • General.—Sepalous florets are perfect and complete.
      • Corrola.—Generally there are 4 petals, and if there are 5 petals, they are all similarly sized.
      • Reproductive organs.—Stamens. — 8 to 10 stamens, with most florets having 8 stamens. Pollen is white — R.H.S. 155D (white group). Filament is approximately 2 mm long, and color depends on pH of the soil. Anther is 1 mm long. Anther is regular and basally attached. Stigma. — Two to three-pronged stigma on one pistil per floret. Stigma barely protrudes from the ovary. Ovary. — Green in color — R.H.S. 145 A (yellow-green group); single ovary that is partially inferior.
      • Sepalous florets.—Number of sepals. — 4 or 5 sepals per floret, usually 4. Aspect of sepals. — Smooth. Shape of sepals. — Reniform with acuminate apex, entire edges with some crenation. Edges often wavy when the floret is young. Size of sepals. — Usually 1 dominant sepal, 2 smaller but equally-sized sepals, and 1 small sepal. Largest sepal, when sepals are their whitest is typically 3 cm long and 4 cm wide, the medium sized sepals are typically 2.6 cm long by 2.8 cm wide, and the smallest sepals are typically 2.5 cm long and 2.6 cm wide. Coloration of sepals. — Predominately white (R.H.S. 155D (white group)) at maturity on both the upper surface and the lower surface.

Claims (1)

1. A new and distinct Hydrangea macrophylla plant named ‘Merritt White’ substantially as herein shown and described.
US12/322,241 2009-01-30 2009-01-30 Hydrangea plant named ‘Merritt White’ Active USPP21668P3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/322,241 USPP21668P3 (en) 2009-01-30 2009-01-30 Hydrangea plant named ‘Merritt White’

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/322,241 USPP21668P3 (en) 2009-01-30 2009-01-30 Hydrangea plant named ‘Merritt White’

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100199396P1 US20100199396P1 (en) 2010-08-05
USPP21668P3 true USPP21668P3 (en) 2011-01-25

Family

ID=42398819

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/322,241 Active USPP21668P3 (en) 2009-01-30 2009-01-30 Hydrangea plant named ‘Merritt White’

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) USPP21668P3 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP26249P2 (en) 2013-04-30 2015-12-22 Atj Holdings, Llc Hydrangea plant named ‘Lindsey Ann’

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2895909A1 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Cellectis Potatoes with reduced cold-induced sweetening

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP26249P2 (en) 2013-04-30 2015-12-22 Atj Holdings, Llc Hydrangea plant named ‘Lindsey Ann’

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20100199396P1 (en) 2010-08-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
USPP23906P3 (en) Lagerstroemia plant named ‘Purple Magic’
USPP25653P3 (en) Coleus plant named ‘UF11-74-5’
USPP21539P3 (en) Lantana plant named ‘Chapel Hill Gold’
USPP23650P3 (en) Lantana plant named ‘Sunny Side Up’
USPP23128P2 (en) Distylium plant named ‘Vintage Jade’
USPP18528P2 (en) Redbud tree named ‘Cascading Hearts’
USPP15866P2 (en) Osteospermum plant named ‘Kakegawa AU11’
US20040045063P1 (en) Gardenia plant named 'Kimberly'
USPP27084P2 (en) Veronica plant named ‘Candied Candle’
USPP20176P3 (en) Hydrangea macrophylla plant named ‘PIIHM-1’
USPP17076P2 (en) Solidago plant named ‘Dansolwind’
USPP32164P2 (en) Hydrangea plant named ‘Hortmafarfa’
USPP33014P3 (en) Sand cherry plant named ‘UCONNPP002’
USPP32352P2 (en) Continus plant named ‘SMNCCPP3’
USPP32027P2 (en) Salvia plant named ‘Purple and Bloom’
USPP30638P2 (en) Ipomoea plant named ‘Balsolaredar’
USPP31666P2 (en) Lobularia plant named ‘Balbeezurp’
USPP33093P2 (en) Hydrangea plant named ‘HIFLA’
USPP31033P2 (en) Salvia plant named ‘Blue by You’
USPP32827P2 (en) Tecoma plant named ‘Balbahrise’
USPP32429P2 (en) Salvia plant named ‘White Flame’
USPP24410P3 (en) Distylium plant named ‘PIIDIST-I’
USPP33059P2 (en) Astilbe plant named ‘Moccachino’
USPP21922P2 (en) Campanula plant named ‘PKMP07’
USPP30667P2 (en) Tecoma plant named ‘Balbahel’

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: BAY CITY FLOWER COMPANY, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HIGAKI, HARRISON M., MR.;REEL/FRAME:025244/0370

Effective date: 20090319

AS Assignment

Owner name: SYNGENTA FLOWERS, LLC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BAY CITY FLOWER CO.;REEL/FRAME:054719/0552

Effective date: 20201130