USPP14196P2 - Plum tree named ‘PLUMSWEETTWO’ - Google Patents

Plum tree named ‘PLUMSWEETTWO’ Download PDF

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USPP14196P2
USPP14196P2 US10/300,614 US30061402V USPP14196P2 US PP14196 P2 USPP14196 P2 US PP14196P2 US 30061402 V US30061402 V US 30061402V US PP14196 P2 USPP14196 P2 US PP14196P2
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red
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variety
plum
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US10/300,614
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Lowell Glen Bradford
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Lowell Glen Bradford
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/74Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
    • A01H6/7427Prunus, e.g. almonds
    • A01H6/7472Plums
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/08Fruits

Abstract

The present invention relates to a plum tree, Prunus salicina, and more particularly to a new and distinct variety broadly characterized by a large size, vigorous, hardy, heavy blooming, moderately productive and self-unfruitful tree, that may be cross pollinized by ‘August Yummy®’ (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 10/300,603 filed concurrently). The fruit matures under the ecological conditions described during the third week in July, with first picking on Jul. 20, 2002. The fruit is uniformly medium in size, full dark purplish red in skin color, clingstone in type, red in flesh color, very firm and crisp in texture, very good in flavor, and holds well in cold storage for more than thirty days. The variety was developed as a first generation cross using an unnamed plum seedling as the selected seed parent and ‘Black Noble’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,504) as the selected pollen parent.

Description

Botanical classification: Prunus salicina.
Variety denomination: ‘PLUMSWEETTWO’.
BACKGROUND OF THE VARIETY
In a continuing effort to improve the quality of shipping fruits, I, the inventor, typically hybridize a large number of peach, nectarine, plum, apricot, and cherry seedlings each year. I also grow a lesser number of open pollinated seeds of each of these fruits. The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of plum tree, which has been denominated varietally as ‘PLUMSWEETTWO’. The present variety was hybridized by me in 1996, germinated and grown as a seedling on its own root in my greenhouse, and upon reaching dormancy transplanted to a cultivated area of my experimental orchard at Bradford Farms near Le Grand, Calif. in Merced County (San Joaquin Valley). Specifically, the variety was developed as a first generation cross using an unnamed plum seedling as the selected seed parent and ‘Black Noble’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,504) as the selected pollen parent. Subsequent to origination of the present variety of plum tree, I asexually reproduced it by budding and grafting in the experimental orchard described above, and such reproduction of plant and fruit characteristics were true to the original plant in all respects. The reproduction of the variety included the use of ‘Nemaguard’ (unpatented) rootstock upon which the present variety was compatible and true to type.
The present variety is most similar to its pollen parent, ‘Red Noble’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,504), by being self-unfruitful and by producing plums that are dark purplish red in skin color, very firm and crisp in texture, clingstone in type, and almost full red in flesh color, but is very distinguished therefrom and an improvement thereon by producing plums that are considerably larger in size, that are sweeter in flavor, and that mature about 40 days later.
SUMMARY OF VARIETY
The present plum variety is characterized by a large size, vigorous, hardy, and moderately productive tree. Being self-unfruitful, the present variety requires cross pollinization from another plum that blooms during the mid season, such as ‘August Yummy®’ (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 10/300,603, filed concurrently). The fruit matures under the ecological conditions described during the third week in July, with first picking on Jul. 20, 2002. The fruit is uniformly medium in size, full dark purplish red in skin color, clingstone in type, red in flesh color, very firm and crisp in texture, very good in flavor, and holds well in cold storage for more than thirty days.
DRAWING
The accompanying photograph exhibits four whole fruits positioned to display the characteristics of the skin color and form, one fruit divided transversely to the suture plane to reveal the flesh and stone, and typical leaves.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
Referring now more specifically to the pomological characteristics of this new and distinct variety of plum tree, the following has been observed under the ecological conditions prevailing near Le Grand, Merced County (San Joaquin Valley), Calif., and was developed at the state of firm ripe on Jul. 25, 2002, on the original tree during its sixth growing season. All major color code designations are by reference to the Inter-Society Color Council, National Bureau of Standards. Common color names are also used occasionally.
TREE
Size: Large, reaching and maintaining a height of 12′ [3.7 m.] and a spread of 10′ [3.1 m.] after six growing seasons utilizing typical dormant pruning.
Vigor: Vigorous, responding typically to irrigation and fertilization. The variety grows about 4′ [1.2 m.] of surplus top-growth during the spring and summer. The plant should be grown on a standard commercial rootstock for production purposes.
Growth: Spreading and dense.
Form: Vase formed.
Hardiness: Hardy with respect to central California winters.
Heat tolerance: Observed to perform adequately in typical central California climatic conditions, which typically include prolonged periods of heat.
Drought tolerance: Variety is developed for commercial orchards and requires regular irrigation.
Production: Productive, thinning usually necessary.
Fertility: Self-unfruitful, requiring cross pollination by a suitable mid seasonal blooming plum, such as ‘August Yummy®’ (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 10/300,603 filed concurrently).
Bearing: Uncertain, especially if inclement weather is encountered during the blooming period.
Trunk:
Size.—Medium, reaching a maximum diameter of 4″ [102 mm.] after the sixth growing season.
Texture.—Shaggy.
Bark color.—Dark grayish reddish brown [47. d.gy.rBr] with Grayish brown [61. gy.Br] crevices streaked throughout.
Lenticels.—Approximate Number Per Square Inch: 16. Color: Moderate orange [53. m.O]. Typical Size: ⅛″ to ⅜″ [3.2-9.5 mm.].
Branches:
Size.—Diameter of limb is 1¼″ [32 mm.] measured 12″ above the secondary fork, typical of Prunus salicina, and dependent upon cultural practices and climatic conditions.
Texture.—Smooth on first year wood, rough on second, shaggy thereafter.
Color.—1st Year Wood Topside: Moderate brown [58. m.Br] when exposed to sunlight. 1st Year Wood Underside: Strong yellow green [117. s.YG]. Older Wood: Moderate brown [57. m.Br].
Lenticels.—Approximate Number Per Square Inch: 50. Color: Moderate orange yellow [71. m.OY]. Typical size: {fraction (1/32)}″ to ⅛″ [0.8-3.2 mm.].
Leaves:
Size.—Large. Average Length: 4″ [102 mm.]. Average width: 2{fraction (3/16)}″ [56 mm.].
Arrangement.—Alternate.
Thickness.—Medium.
Form.—Elliptical.
Apex.—Acuminate.
Base.—Acute with an average angle base angle of 80 degrees.
Surface.—Smooth.
Color.—Dorsal Surface: Dark yellowish green [137. d.yG]. Ventral Surface: Moderate yellowish green [136. m.yG].
Margin.—Finely serrate.
Venation.—Pinnately net veined.
Petiole.—Average Length: ½″ [12.7 mm.]. Average Thickness: {fraction (1/16)}″ [1.6 mm.]. Color: Brilliant yellow green [116. brill.YG] becoming Dark red [16. d.R] with exposure to sunlight.
Stipules.—Number: 2 per leaf, up to 6 per growing tip. Average Length: {fraction (7/16)}″ [11.1 mm.]. Color: Light yellow green [119. l.YG] with Dark grayish reddish brown [47. d.gy.rBr] tinging with age.
Glands.—Number: 1 to 5. Position: Both alternately and oppositely positioned on the petiole and base of blade. Size: Small. Form: Globose. Color: Light yellow green [119. l.YG] when young becoming Moderate reddish brown [43. m.rBr] with age.
Leaf buds.—Conic.
Flower buds:
Hardiness.—Hardy, with respect to central California winters.
Diameter.—Typically {fraction (3/16)}″ [4.8 mm.] 1 week before bloom.
Length.—Typically ⅜″ [9.5 mm.] 1 week before bloom.
Form.—Not appressed.
Surface.—Pubescent.
Color.—White [263. White].
Flowers: Perfect, complete, perigynous, usually a single pistil, typically thirty or more stamens, five sepals and petal locations alternately positioned.
Average flower diameter.—⅝″ [15.9 mm.].
Number of petals.—Five, no double blossoms observed.
Petal shape.—Oval.
Petal margin.—Slightly wavy,
Average petal diameter.—{fraction (5/16)}″ [7.9 mm.].
Average petal length.—⅜″ [9.5 mm.].
Petal apex.—Rounded.
Petal base.—Rounded.
Petal color.—White [263. White].
Anther color.—Pale yellow [89. p.Y].
Stigma color.—Light greenish yellow [101. l.gY].
Sepal color.—Brilliant yellow green [116. brill.YG].
Sepal length.—{fraction (5/32)}″ [4.0 mm.].
Sepal width.—{fraction (3/32)}″ [2.4 mm.].
Average pistil length.—{fraction (5/16)}″ [7.9 mm.].
Average stamen length.—{fraction (5/16)}″ [7.9 mm.].
Fragrance.—Moderate.
Pollen production.—Light to moderate.
Blooming period.—Medium compared with other varieties, two days after ‘Santa Rosa’ (unpatented).
Onset of bloom.—One percent on Feb. 24, 2002.
Date of full bloom.—Mar. 5, 2002.
Duration of bloom.—One to two weeks, dependent on ambient temperature.
Number per cluster.—Average 5, up to 10 observed.
FRUIT
Maturity when described: Firm ripe, Jul. 25, 2002.
Date of first picking: Jul. 20, 2002.
Date of last picking: Jul. 30, 2002.
Size: Uniform, medium.
Average diameter axially.—2{fraction (3/16)}″ [55.6 mm.].
Average diameter across suture plane.—2½″ [63.5 mm.].
Typical weight.—4.6 ounces [130 grams].
Form: Uniform, symmetrical, globose to slightly oblate.
Longitudinal section form.—Elliptical, compressed axially.
Transverse section through diameter.—Circular.
Suture: A very shallow groove extending from the base to just beyond the apex with a slight depression just after the pistil point.
Ventral surface: Rounded.
Lips: Virtually none to very slight.
Cavity: Flaring, circular, suture showing on one side.
Depth.—⅜″ [9.5 mm.].
Breadth.—⅞″ [22.2 mm.].
Base: Truncate, but slightly cuneate when viewed along the suture.
Apex: Truncate to rounded.
Pistil point: An inconspicuous dot.
Stem: Medium.
Average length.—{fraction (7/16)}″ [11.1 mm.].
Average width.—{fraction (1/16)}″ [1.6 mm.].
Skin:
Thickness.—Medium.
Surface.—Smooth.
Tenacity.—Tenacious to flesh.
Astringency.—Moderate.
Tendency to crack.—None observed in dry season.
Color.—Very dark purplish red [260. v.d.pR] smoothly blending to Dark purplish red [259. d.pR] with ample Light orange yellow [70. l.OY] freckling throughout, except along the suture.
Bloom.—Abundant.
Flesh:
Color.—Deep reddish orange [36. deep rO] becoming Very deep red [14. v.deep R] near the skin and stone.
Surface of pit cavity.—Covered with Dark red [16. d.R] fibers that break when strongly twisted from the stone.
Amygdalin.—Moderate.
Juice.—Very abundant, rich.
Texture.—Very firm, crisp.
Fibers.—Abundant, fine.
Ripens.—Fairly even.
Flavor.—Acidic and very sweet, typically 21 to 23 brix.
Aroma.—Slight.
Eating quality.—Very good.
STONE
Type: Clingstone.
Form: Oval.
Hilum: Narrow.
Base: Straight.
Apex: Acute, with an average angle of 90 degrees.
Sides: Equal.
Surface: Rough, with no grooves or fins.
External color of stone: Moderate reddish brown [43. m.rBr].
Pit wall color when cracked: Strong yellowish brown [74. s.yBr].
Cavity surface color: Moderate brown [58. m.Br].
Average pit wall thickness: {fraction (3/32)}″ [2.4 mm.].
Average width: ¾″ [19.1 mm.].
Average length: 1{fraction (1/16)}″ [27.0 mm.].
Average breadth: ⅜″ [9.5 mm.].
Tendency to split: Very slight.
Kernel:
Form.—Oval.
Pellicle color.—Light grayish brown [60. l.gy.Br].
Skin color.—Pale yellow [89. p.Y] when freshly removed.
Taste.—Bitter.
Viable.—Yes.
Average width.—⅜″ [9.5 mm.].
Average length.—⅝″ [15.9 mm.].
Amygdalin.—Abundant.
USE
Market: Fresh market and long distance shipping.
Keeping quality: Excellent. Fruit quality observed to remain in good condition in after 30 days in standard cold room at 36° Fahrenheit [2° Celsius].
Shipping quality: Excellent.
Resistance to insects: No unusual susceptibilities noted.
Resistance to diseases: No unusual susceptibilities noted.
Other Notes
Although the new variety of plum tree possesses the described characteristics under the ecological conditions at Le Grand, Calif., in the central part of the San Joaquin Valley, it is to be expected that variations in these characteristics may occur when farmed in areas with different climatic conditions, different soil types, and/or varying cultural practices.

Claims (1)

I claim:
1. A new and distinct variety of plum tree, substantially as illustrated and described, that is most similar to its pollen parent, ‘Red Noble’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,504), by being self-unfruitful and by producing plums that are dark purplish red in skin color, very firm and crisp in texture, clingstone in type, and almost full red in flesh color, but is distinguished therefrom and an improvement thereon by producing plums that are considerably larger in size, that are sweeter in flavor, and that mature about 40 days later.
US10/300,614 2002-11-21 2002-11-21 Plum tree named ‘PLUMSWEETTWO’ Active USPP14196P2 (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP18668P2 (en) 2006-12-07 2008-03-25 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘BLACKRED III’
USPP18670P2 (en) 2006-12-07 2008-03-25 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘PLUMSWEET VIII’
USPP19529P2 (en) 2007-11-26 2008-12-02 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘Apriplum VII’
USPP19576P2 (en) 2007-11-26 2008-12-16 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘Blackred V’
USPP26055P3 (en) 2013-12-16 2015-11-10 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘Plumsweet XVI’
USPP28468P3 (en) 2015-12-11 2017-10-03 Lowell Glen Bradford Plum tree named ‘Plumcandy XIII’

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP18668P2 (en) 2006-12-07 2008-03-25 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘BLACKRED III’
USPP18670P2 (en) 2006-12-07 2008-03-25 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘PLUMSWEET VIII’
USPP19529P2 (en) 2007-11-26 2008-12-02 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘Apriplum VII’
USPP19576P2 (en) 2007-11-26 2008-12-16 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘Blackred V’
USPP26055P3 (en) 2013-12-16 2015-11-10 Lowell Glen Bradford Interspecific tree named ‘Plumsweet XVI’
USPP28468P3 (en) 2015-12-11 2017-10-03 Lowell Glen Bradford Plum tree named ‘Plumcandy XIII’

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