USPP10438P - Azalea hybrid variety named `Conlea` - Google Patents

Azalea hybrid variety named `Conlea` Download PDF

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USPP10438P
USPP10438P US08/693,992 US69399296V US10438P US PP10438 P USPP10438 P US PP10438P US 69399296 V US69399296 V US 69399296V US 10438 P US10438 P US 10438P
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plant
azalea
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conlea
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Robert Edward Lee
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Plant Development Services Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/36Ericaceae, e.g. azalea, cranberry or blueberry
    • A01H6/364Rhododendron, e.g. Azalea

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of evergreen azalea of the genus Rhododendron and a member of the Ericaceae family.
  • This new azalea variety hereinafter referred to as ⁇ Conlea ⁇ , was discovered by Robert Edward Lee in October, 1985 in Independence, La.
  • ⁇ Conlea ⁇ originated from a planned cross hybridization between two selected breeding lines in a controlled breeding program in Independence, La.
  • the value of this new cultivar lies in its unique blooming period, bloom color, bloom form, and growth habit.
  • FIG. 1 is a close-up showing flower, foliage, and stem color as well as flower form.
  • FIG. 2 shows the dense, upright, and globose growth habit of a young three gallon plant.
  • FIG. 3 shows a young crop of three gallon plants in July just as they begin to bloom.
  • FIG. 4 shows the effective use and nature of use of the new variety in an established landscape planting.
  • ⁇ Conela ⁇ The female, or seed parent, of ⁇ Conela ⁇ is the Azalea ⁇ Double Beauty ⁇ , a strong purplish red, hose-in-hose, midseason, low compact grower.
  • ⁇ Double Beauty ⁇ is an unpatented sport of the patented plant Azalea ⁇ Vuyk's Scarlet ⁇ U.S. Plant Pat. No. 1,283, which was developed by Aart Vuyk of the Vuyk Van Nes Nursery in Boskoop, Holland.
  • Rhododendron oldhamii ⁇ Fourth of July ⁇ which originated from a R. oldhamii seed lot collected in 1968 by Dr. Hsu of Taiwan University.
  • the seeds were collected at 850 meters elevation on Mount Tai Tun in Taiwan. Soon after this John Patrick of Oakland, Calif. was visiting Taiwan collecting plant material of the Taiwanese Rhododendrons. He obtained a number of seedings from Dr. Hsu and grew them in Oakland, Calif.
  • Dr. John T. Thornton of C&T Nursery in Franklinton, La. obtained one of the Rhododendron seedlings from Mr. Patrick. Dr. Thornton noticed in the next few years that this particular R.
  • oldhamii plant was a perpetual bloomer from late June until frost on new growth. This plant produces two flushes of growth containing flowers. The second flush of growth overlaps the first flush producing a plant which blooms continuously. This differs from the species R. oldhamii which blooms from mid-May until mid-June and sporadically through the summer. Dr. Thornton subsequently named this plant R. oldhamii ⁇ Fourth of July ⁇ in 1972.
  • Robert Edward Lee's hybridization program was conducted with emphasis on species that are not commonly found in the genetic make-up of the present day hybrids.
  • the ⁇ Fourth of July ⁇ cultivar which Mr. Lee obtained from Dr. Thornton in 1981 is a heavy summer and fall blooming plant, not like the Rhododendron Species Foundation form.
  • Mr. Lee used this species to cross with existing hybrids which have a tendency to bloom in the fall and which are also fairly hardy. As expected the resulting seedlings are heavy summer and fall bloomers with very impressive spring blooms also.
  • Width 4-5'.
  • Growth rate In a period of six years from a rooted cutting the plant reaches a height of 4 feet and a spread of 3 feet. The growth rate is normally about 10 to 12" per year; the plant reaches a height of 6 to 8' at maturity while maintaining a dense habit due to the abundant branch development.
  • Foliage Alternate, simple, evergreen, pubescent, elliptic, and varing in size from 21/4" to 21/2" long and 3/4" to 1" wide. The margins are entire, with a petiole 1/4" to 7/16" long. Midveins and laterals are impressed on the upper leaf surface and prominent on the underside. The base of the leaf is cuneate to attenuate and the apex is acute to mucronate. The upper surface of the immature leaves are dull, pubescent, and are Yellow-Green Group 144A and the underside is Yellow-Green Group 146D, pubescent, and matte.
  • the upper surface of the mature leaves are Yellow-Green Group 147A, dull and slightly pubescent and the underside is Yellow-Green Group 146B, matte, and pubescent. New growth is heavily pubescent. These hairs are initially soft and white and cover both sides of the leaf with a higher concentration on the petioles and veins. They are slightly curled, flat, and range in length from 1/32" to 1/8". As the growth matures much of the leaf pubescence is lost; however, the stems, petioles, and leaf veins retain this pubescence which becomes more setaceous and darker in color (Greyed-Orange Group 167D) through the growing season.
  • the average length of terminal growth of the initial spring flush is about 6" for a plant in full in sun and about 8" when grown in shade. This growth should not be trimmed since it will produce flowers starting in early July. As the plant continues to grow through the summer and fall more flower buds are produced, which mature and bloom until frost. This remaining growth produces about 5" to 6" of height. As cool weather approaches, some of the flower buds become dormant. These buds bloom in April of the next year.
  • the young stems are densely clothed with spreading red-brown glandular hairs intermixed with scattered spreading, flattened hairs; they have a purple pigmentation, Greyed-Purple Group 184A, which fades to Yellow-Green Group 152B in about 60 days.
  • the immature petioles, midribs, and veins are Yellow-Green Group 152B.
  • the pith is solid and uniform. Young and older stems are densely branched.
  • Buds Tight buds at 1/2" are ovate and acuminate Yellow-Green Group 146D with a hairy pubescence Greyed-Orange Group 167D.
  • the buds are borne either singularly or in clusters up to four, and are sheathed by a pair of modified leaf bracts which are from 1/4" to 1/2" long, persistent, and Yellow-Green Group 147A.
  • the pedicel is 1/2" to 5/8" long, heavily pubescent, Red Group 53B, and slightly bent.
  • the calyx is 1/4" to 3/8" long, Yellow-Green Group 146B, funnel shaped, persistent, and heavily pubescent.
  • the five imbricated sepals are lanceolate and joined at the base to form a cup. As the buds swell the bud sheath matures to a Greyed-Orange Group 165A, falls off, and reveals the flower color Red Group 53B.
  • the non-petaloid stamen are 1" to 11/4" long and the filaments are Red Group 53B.
  • the anthers are Red-Purple Group 59B and the small amount of pollen produced is Yellow Group 4D.
  • the pistil is single, non-petaloid, 13/4" to 2" long, and also Red Group 53B.
  • the ovary is densely glandular-setose and has five locules.
  • the capsule matures in about 5 months, in Independence, La., to about 1/4" to 1/2" long; it has a persistent style, is Yellow-Green Group 147A, and contains from 100 to 400 nonwinged seeds. Normally fruit set is not heavy.
  • Pests Lace wing and spider mites can be a problem.

Abstract

A new and distinct variety of Azalea found as a seeding in a planned cross between the female Azalea `Double Beauty` and the male Rhododendron oldhamii `Fourth of July`. The new variety possesses a unique blooming time and is superior in development of an upright, dense, globose shaped plant with attractive semi-double strong pink flowers.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of evergreen azalea of the genus Rhododendron and a member of the Ericaceae family. This new azalea variety, hereinafter referred to as `Conlea`, was discovered by Robert Edward Lee in October, 1985 in Independence, La. `Conlea` originated from a planned cross hybridization between two selected breeding lines in a controlled breeding program in Independence, La. The value of this new cultivar lies in its unique blooming period, bloom color, bloom form, and growth habit.
Asexual propagation of the new plant by cuttings has been under Mr. Lee's direction at the same location. Several generations of the new plant have been evaluated and the distinctive characteristics of the plant have remained stable. The plant cannot be reproduced true from seed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The following are the most outstanding and distinguishing characteristics of this new cultivar when grown under normal horticultural practices in Independence, La.
1. The unique spring, summer, and fall blooming.
2. A strong pink flower color Red Group 54A with dotting color Red Group 53C.
3. Semi-double flower with wavy petal margins. The flowers range in size from 21/2"-3" in diameter.
4. Easily propagated with semi-hardwood cuttings in late spring through the summer.
5. Fast growth rate under normal fertilization and moisture conditions.
6. Upright, dense, and globose in nature.
7. Good specimen plant.
8. Desirable in planters.
9. Makes a very good hedge or screen.
10. Very good foundation plant for large buildings.
11. Does well as an understory plant in a woodland garden.
12. Hardy to Zone 7.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
This new Azalea Hybrid variety is illustrated by the accompanying photographic prints in which:
1. FIG. 1 is a close-up showing flower, foliage, and stem color as well as flower form.
2. FIG. 2 shows the dense, upright, and globose growth habit of a young three gallon plant.
3. FIG. 3 shows a young crop of three gallon plants in July just as they begin to bloom.
4. FIG. 4 shows the effective use and nature of use of the new variety in an established landscape planting.
The colors shown are as true as is reasonably possible to obtain by conventional photographic procedures. The colors of the various plant parts are defined with reference to The Royal Horticultural Society Color Chart. Description of colors in ordinary terms are presented where appropriate for clarity in meaning.
BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANT
The following is a detailed description of the new variety of Azalea based on my observations made of plants grown in wholesale commercial production practices, in greenhouses, and in established landscape plantings in Independence, La.
______________________________________                                    
Distinctive Characteristics:                                              
Character-        `Double   R. oldhamii                                   
istic   `Conlea`  Beauty`   `Fourth of July                               
                                     R. oldhamii                          
______________________________________                                    
Height  6-8'      3-4'      8-10'    8-10'                                
(Mature)                                                                  
Width   4-5'      2-3'      6-7'     6-7'                                 
(Mature)                                                                  
Flower Size                                                               
        21/2-3"   2-3"      13/4-21/4"                                    
                                     13/4-21/4"                           
Flower Form                                                               
        Semi-     Hose-     Single   Single                               
        double    in-Hose                                                 
Flower Color                                                              
        Red G. 54A                                                        
                  Red G. 51A                                              
                            Red G. 39A                                    
                                     Red G. 39A                           
Flowers per                                                               
        1-4       1-4       2-4      2-4                                  
Terminal                                                                  
Bloom   April                        Mid-May >                            
Period                               Mid-June                             
Bloom   Early July >                                                      
                  May       Mid-June >                                    
                                     Sporadic >                           
Period  Frost               Frost    summer                               
Petal   8-15      10        5        5                                    
Number                                                                    
Hardy Zone                                                                
        7         6         7        8                                    
Stamen  2-7       10        7-10     7-10                                 
Number                                                                    
Stamen  Some      Non-      Non-     Non-                                 
Type    Petaloid  Petaloid  Petaloid Petaloid                             
______________________________________                                    
The female, or seed parent, of `Conela` is the Azalea `Double Beauty`, a strong purplish red, hose-in-hose, midseason, low compact grower. `Double Beauty` is an unpatented sport of the patented plant Azalea `Vuyk's Scarlet` U.S. Plant Pat. No. 1,283, which was developed by Aart Vuyk of the Vuyk Van Nes Nursery in Boskoop, Holland.
The first crosses were made in 1921 presumable using the species R. phoeniceum, R. mucronatum, and R. kaempferi. `Double Beauty` was registered by Vuyk Van Nes Nursery in 1966.
The male, or pollen, parent is Rhododendron oldhamii `Fourth of July` which originated from a R. oldhamii seed lot collected in 1968 by Dr. Hsu of Taiwan University. The seeds were collected at 850 meters elevation on Mount Tai Tun in Taiwan. Soon after this John Patrick of Oakland, Calif. was visiting Taiwan collecting plant material of the Taiwanese Rhododendrons. He obtained a number of seedings from Dr. Hsu and grew them in Oakland, Calif. In 1973, Dr. John T. Thornton of C&T Nursery in Franklinton, La. obtained one of the Rhododendron seedlings from Mr. Patrick. Dr. Thornton noticed in the next few years that this particular R. oldhamii plant was a perpetual bloomer from late June until frost on new growth. This plant produces two flushes of growth containing flowers. The second flush of growth overlaps the first flush producing a plant which blooms continuously. This differs from the species R. oldhamii which blooms from mid-May until mid-June and sporadically through the summer. Dr. Thornton subsequently named this plant R. oldhamii `Fourth of July` in 1972.
The azalea `Fourth of July` seems to be hardy to about 10 degrees F. (zone 7). Temperatures below this cause dieback, but the plant readily recovers and blooms profusely the following summer. R. oldhamii is less hardy at zone 8.
Robert Edward Lee's hybridization program was conducted with emphasis on species that are not commonly found in the genetic make-up of the present day hybrids. The `Fourth of July` cultivar which Mr. Lee obtained from Dr. Thornton in 1981 is a heavy summer and fall blooming plant, not like the Rhododendron Species Foundation form. The flower buds form on new growth and start blooming about July 1. Mr. Lee used this species to cross with existing hybrids which have a tendency to bloom in the fall and which are also fairly hardy. As expected the resulting seedlings are heavy summer and fall bloomers with very impressive spring blooms also.
Classification:
Botanic.--Rhododendron hybrid.
Form: Upright, dense, and rounded.
Texture: Medium.
Height: 6-8'.
Width: 4-5'.
Growth habit: Upright, dense, and globose. Fast growth rate under normal fertilization and moisture conditions.
Growth rate: In a period of six years from a rooted cutting the plant reaches a height of 4 feet and a spread of 3 feet. The growth rate is normally about 10 to 12" per year; the plant reaches a height of 6 to 8' at maturity while maintaining a dense habit due to the abundant branch development.
Foliage: Alternate, simple, evergreen, pubescent, elliptic, and varing in size from 21/4" to 21/2" long and 3/4" to 1" wide. The margins are entire, with a petiole 1/4" to 7/16" long. Midveins and laterals are impressed on the upper leaf surface and prominent on the underside. The base of the leaf is cuneate to attenuate and the apex is acute to mucronate. The upper surface of the immature leaves are dull, pubescent, and are Yellow-Green Group 144A and the underside is Yellow-Green Group 146D, pubescent, and matte. The upper surface of the mature leaves are Yellow-Green Group 147A, dull and slightly pubescent and the underside is Yellow-Green Group 146B, matte, and pubescent. New growth is heavily pubescent. These hairs are initially soft and white and cover both sides of the leaf with a higher concentration on the petioles and veins. They are slightly curled, flat, and range in length from 1/32" to 1/8". As the growth matures much of the leaf pubescence is lost; however, the stems, petioles, and leaf veins retain this pubescence which becomes more setaceous and darker in color (Greyed-Orange Group 167D) through the growing season.
In 1994, the date of initial spring growth was March 10, in Independence, La. After the initial spring flush there was almost continuous growth until that fall ending October 23, also in Independence, La. When grown in full sun, the internode length of this plant is 3/8" to 3/4"; when grown in light shade the internode length is 5/8" to 1". As would be expected a plant grown in shade results in a taller, less dense plant with larger leaves.
The average length of terminal growth of the initial spring flush is about 6" for a plant in full in sun and about 8" when grown in shade. This growth should not be trimmed since it will produce flowers starting in early July. As the plant continues to grow through the summer and fall more flower buds are produced, which mature and bloom until frost. This remaining growth produces about 5" to 6" of height. As cool weather approaches, some of the flower buds become dormant. These buds bloom in April of the next year.
Stems: The young stems are densely clothed with spreading red-brown glandular hairs intermixed with scattered spreading, flattened hairs; they have a purple pigmentation, Greyed-Purple Group 184A, which fades to Yellow-Green Group 152B in about 60 days. The immature petioles, midribs, and veins are Yellow-Green Group 152B. As the stems continue to mature through the winter they become Greyed-Green Group 197B, glabrous, and rugose. The pith is solid and uniform. Young and older stems are densely branched.
Buds: Tight buds at 1/2" are ovate and acuminate Yellow-Green Group 146D with a hairy pubescence Greyed-Orange Group 167D. The buds are borne either singularly or in clusters up to four, and are sheathed by a pair of modified leaf bracts which are from 1/4" to 1/2" long, persistent, and Yellow-Green Group 147A. The pedicel is 1/2" to 5/8" long, heavily pubescent, Red Group 53B, and slightly bent. The calyx is 1/4" to 3/8" long, Yellow-Green Group 146B, funnel shaped, persistent, and heavily pubescent. The five imbricated sepals are lanceolate and joined at the base to form a cup. As the buds swell the bud sheath matures to a Greyed-Orange Group 165A, falls off, and reveals the flower color Red Group 53B.
Flowers: Perfect, semi-double, Red Group 54A (front and back), glabrous, openly funnel shaped, 21/2" to 3" wide by 2" to 21/4" long, borne on current season's growth, non-fragrant; they last on the plant in the garden 2 to 4 days. There are 5 true petals which are fused at the base, elliptic to obovate, and have wavy margins. The dorsal lobe and the two upper wings of these petals are dotted Red Group 53C as are severall of the more dorsal petaloid stamen. Most of the stamen have been transformed into odd shaped petals. There are from 8 to 15 petals and 2 to 7 l stamen. The non-petaloid stamen are 1" to 11/4" long and the filaments are Red Group 53B. The anthers are Red-Purple Group 59B and the small amount of pollen produced is Yellow Group 4D. The pistil is single, non-petaloid, 13/4" to 2" long, and also Red Group 53B. The ovary is densely glandular-setose and has five locules. The capsule matures in about 5 months, in Independence, La., to about 1/4" to 1/2" long; it has a persistent style, is Yellow-Green Group 147A, and contains from 100 to 400 nonwinged seeds. Normally fruit set is not heavy.
Culture: Grows well in a wide range of conditions, tolerates sun to shade. Prefers a moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Responds well to mulching and medium applications of fertilizer; prefers ph 5.0 to 5.5. Very little pruning is needed; adaptable to container and above ground planters; makes a good foundation plant or informal hedge with excellent foliage and flower contrast. Ideal for coastal regions and warmer parts of Piedmont. Propagated with semi-hardwood cuttings in late spring through the summer.
Pests: Lace wing and spider mites can be a problem.

Claims (1)

I claim:
1. A new and unique variety of Azalea Hybrid plant named `Conlea` as herein shown and described, is characterized by its spring, summer, and fall blooming, semi-double strong pink flowers, rapid growth rate, and ease of propagation; the upright, dense, and globose habit will fill numerous landscape needs for large building foundation plantings, large screens, hedges, and specimen plants.
US08/693,992 1996-08-08 1996-08-08 Azalea hybrid variety named `Conlea` Expired - Lifetime USPP10438P (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP11481P (en) * 1997-08-08 2000-08-15 Guidry; Guy Joseph Azalea plant named `Sweet Lorraine`
USPP11616P (en) * 1998-10-26 2000-11-07 Plant Development Services Inc. Azalea plant named `JimRonFeyrer`
US20060294616A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2006-12-28 Kagoshima Tlo Co., Ltd. Method of breeding azalea
USPP22762P3 (en) * 2010-04-13 2012-05-29 Plant Development Sevices, Inc. Azalea plant named ‘Robles’

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP11481P (en) * 1997-08-08 2000-08-15 Guidry; Guy Joseph Azalea plant named `Sweet Lorraine`
USPP11616P (en) * 1998-10-26 2000-11-07 Plant Development Services Inc. Azalea plant named `JimRonFeyrer`
US20060294616A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2006-12-28 Kagoshima Tlo Co., Ltd. Method of breeding azalea
USPP22762P3 (en) * 2010-04-13 2012-05-29 Plant Development Sevices, Inc. Azalea plant named ‘Robles’

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