US998830A - N-handling machine. - Google Patents

N-handling machine. Download PDF


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US998830A US33185006A US1906331850A US998830A US 998830 A US998830 A US 998830A US 33185006 A US33185006 A US 33185006A US 1906331850 A US1906331850 A US 1906331850A US 998830 A US998830 A US 998830A
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Charles S Batdorf
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    • B65B41/00Supplying or feeding container-forming sheets or wrapping material
    • B65B41/12Feeding webs from rolls
    • Y10S493/00Manufacturing container or tube from paper; or other manufacturing from a sheet or web
    • Y10S493/945Coin holder





Patented July 25, 1911.


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APPLICATION FILED AUG.24,1906. 998,830.

Patented July 25, 1911.


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Patented July 25, 1911.


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' Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented J uly 25, 1911.

Application filed Auguct 24, 190Gv Serial No. 331,851).

'1 '0 (Ii (I- 'whom it may concern:

lie it known that I, Clmnnns S. Barbour, a citizen of the United btates,-residing at Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Coin-Handling Machines, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to a certain new and useful machine adapted particularly for automatically advancing and assembling coins of predetermined sizes and values into a stack, bunch or column and then applying a wrapper to said bunch to thereby prepare the coins for the needs of the commercial world.

The essential object of the invention is to provide a simple, compact machine which will readily handle the accumulation of coins received from the now extensively used coin-actuated vending machines, as well as those paid to street railways,'department stores, banks, etc., the proper handling of which coins is a heavy task and necessitates the employment of clerks or other persons who, although more or less skilled in this particular field of labor, often find it difiicult to continue the counting and wrapping of coins for any considerable period without experiencing great fatigue, while errors are likely to arise because of a miscount.

To meet the conditions above noted and to facilitate the easy and accurate handling of coins, and to place the coins in securely wrapped packages convenient for those who receive and disburse large amounts of coin, I have devised the present invention, which performs the work auton'iatically and in a' very ellieient and practical manner. The said machine, one type of which is illustrated in the drawings, is of universal applieation in that it is capable of such adjustments that coins of difi'erent sizes and values may be passed through the machine and successfully and accurately handled, provision being made for preventing the passage through the machine, in each of the adj ustments of said machine, of any but coins of a given size and value. To meet these ends the distributing table of the machine has a mechanism which is capable of adjustment to correspond to the thickness and diameter of the coins to be delivered to the coin conductor, and said conductor, its receiving hopper-end, and the various parts which constitute the bunching and Wrapping mechanisms, are also capable of adjustment to receive and bunch and finally vxrap the bunches of coins pf like sizes and values, whereby a single machine is adapted for handling coins from the largest to the smallest size, and of successfully applying a wrapper to the coin columns or bunches without regard to the variation in the length of said columns due to the different thicknesses of coins of the several denominm'ions commonly used for commercial purposes.

My invention consists, essentialty, of a machine of the character descriwd having in combination a mechanism which may be set for handling coins of only like sizes and values and delivering said coins singly to form a stack, column or bunch, and which mechanism may be quickly adjusted to enable coins of another size and value to be handled and bunched; and a Wrapping mechanism and paper feed mechanism also capable of adjustment'to correspond to the length of column or bunch and diameter thereof, of the coins assembled by the firstnamed mechanism whereby the machine is convertible from one design for handling and wrapping coins of the largest size to those of the smallest or any intermediate size, as I will herein describe.

My invention also consists of the parts and the constructions and combinations of parts which I will hereinafter describe and point out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification and in which similar reference characters indicate like parts throughout the several views,Figure 1,'is a side ole 'ation of a coin handling machine embodying my invention. Fig. '2, is a view of the opposite side of the machine. Fig. 3, is a top plan view, with certain parts rem 'ed. Fig. 4, is a sectional view on the line l-- l of Fig. 3 showing parts broken away. Figv 5, is an enlarged sectional view on the line of Fig. 3. Fig. 6, is a side view of the change-gear mechanism. Fig. 7, pe..spective view partly broken away of the clutch mechanism. Fig. 8, is a side view of e worm gear. Fig. 9, is a cross ional view of the clutch mechanism. 10, is plan View of the main cam and one of tlie grippers, showing the actuating k "herefor. Fig. 11, is a sectional ne 11-1l of Fig. 10. Fig. 12, .al view on the line 1212 of Fig.

10. Fig. 13, is a perspective view of the coin advancing and bunching mechanlsms. Fig. 14, is a detail of the gear showing part of 'the shipping lever. Figs. 15 and 16, illustrate side views of the'wrapping rolls and their crossed levers, showing the position of the-bunch of coins. Fig. 17, is a sideview of the coin advancing; and bunching mechanism, ,with parts broken away. Fig. 18, is a ,similar View showing the parts in an adjusted position. F1g.- 19, 1s a perspective view of the coin inspection table. Fig. 20, is a cross section on the line 20-20 .of Fig. 19'. Fig. 21, is a broken detached view of the bar 49. Fig. 22, is a longitudinal section of the table on the line 2121 of Fig. 20. Fig. 23, is a bottom plan view of a portion of the table. Fig. 24, shows 1n side elevation and plan a detail of the front end .of the bar 24. Fig. 25, is a detail of the paper-feed ratchet mechanism Fig. 26, 1s a perspective view of the spiral gear 122 and a portion of the safety slide bar 300. Fig. 27, is a perspective view of the aprons 172-173. Fig. 28, is a plan view of the cam 123. Fig. 29, is a perspective of one of the crimper-carrying arms. Fig. 30, illustrates a wrapped coin package. Fig. 31, is a deta l of the eccentric 183. Fig. 32, is a detail showing a plate 62-and means for adjusting the plate 10 laterally. Fig. 33, is a view of the sleeve 159 with its sprockets. Fig. 34, is a detail of the spring-pressed bar 66. Fig. 35, is a detail of the pins 41 and part of their bell-crank lever 42.

In carrying out my invention I employ a frame work A or structure of any desired size, material, and design, and upon or within which the several operating parts of the various mechanisms are appropriately mounted. The frame may include a vertical standard or upright portion B, which rises from a base of suitable construction and design,-and which standard or upright furnishes the support for certain parts of the coin-conducting and feeding devices, as I will hereinafter describe.

The coins having first been sorted by any of the methods now in vogue to separate those of a like size and value from others of different sizes and values are dumped upon the distributin table C (Fig. .19), which is preferably m'a e with a surrounding rim to properly retain the coins upon the table, and said table may have its bottom made of glass or other hard smooth material to facilitate the rapid movement of the coins thereover on the wayto the coin-conductor. I also make that side of the table nearest to the conductor sufiiciently inclined, as at 2, to causethe coins fed thereon to slide unassisted and by gravity into the hopper end so called, of the coin conductor. Before entering the coin conductor each coin is preferably caused to pass beneath a gage which is designed to allow coins of a predetermined thickness and value to pass the same, said gage, as herein shown, consisting of a transverse horizontal bar or plate 3, whose under side is so' positioned. relative to the upper surface of the inclined portion of the table over which the coins glide that true coins of a ,certain size and denomination may escape this bar, while bent or irregular coins of this same size and value and coins of greater thickness and increased value will be held back from passage to the machine and may be discarded. The table and gage bar also enable the operator to employ the senses of sight and touch in detecting counterfeit coins, thus following closely the methods usually adopted by banks and depositories of money for detecting counterfeit specimens and prevent their being associated with good coins.

The table is provided with'a post or support D, which removably fits a socket or holder E (Fig.2) on the frame and is turnable therein and may be swung over the machine out of the way and serve as a protec: tion therefor when said machine is not in use, said table in'either of its positions being held by a clamping or other holding device, as at F.

The inclined side of the table has connected with it What I term the hopper end of the coin conductor, said hopper consisting of an inclined bottom 4 upon which the edges of the coins roll, and two vertical sides separated from each other sufliciently to allow the coins to drop edgewise between them to thebottom, said sides 'being, if desired, made of glass or other transparent material to enable the coins received into the hopper .to be observed. In some instances, as when feeding the coins with great speed, there is a possibility of the coins at the discharge end of the hopper overlying each other edgewise, and when this happens the lowest coin is retarded in its progress to the conductor by a coin or coins resting upon it, and to meet this condition which. is observable through the transparent sides of the hopper and to relieve the obstruct-ed coins by dis placing the one or more. resting upon it, I provide means for agitating the obstructing coins to allow the temporarily-obstructed coin to enter the coin runway and proceed to the advancing devices. Any. means for agitating the coins will suflice for my purpose, and as a simple and eifective means I show a star-wheel 5 (Figs. 1 and 20) jour eases-e tension. which forms a part of the coin run 7 way, as shown at 7, another inclined portion l of said runway being supported upon the .5 frame standard B, the two parts mentioned being in line and forming a single runway along which the coins roll after leaving the hopperiproper. To enable the table and the hopper portion of the coin conductor, which latter term I will hereafter use to designate generally the entire portion through which the coin travels after leaving the table, to be turned around out of the way when the machine is not in use, I provide a separable connection at the point ,8, and I secure this joint with the two parts of the coin conductor longitudinally in line to form a continuous channel for the coin, by any well known and appropriate fastening.

The lower member of the divided coin conductor includes a bottom plate 10 (Figs. 13, 17 and 18) on which the edge of the coin rolls and an upper plate 11 whose lower end has a downwardly curved portion 12 against which the front edge of the coin strikes and by which the further travel of the coin, in its first or inclined direction, is interrupted and by which the travel of the coin is diverted vertically to bring it into the range of action of the coin advancing mechanism, which I will presently describe. The lower portion of this part of the coin conductor has its end also removed far enough from the curved wall 12 of the companion memher to form the vertical passage through which the coin is to be ejected to position it for final delivery by the coin advancing mechanism. The coin is supported in or above the said vertical passage by means of a spring plate or finger 13 or equivalentmeans, and it is delivered therefrom and ejected through the passage by means of a force feed mechanism which may be varied in character but which is herein shown as including a curved oscillating arm 14 mounted upon a pin or shaft 15 and having its end to operate substantially in the vertical plane of the coin while supported by the spring member 13 whereby when the arm is oscillated its end strikes the top edge of the coin and forces said coin past the spring member 13 said coin then dropping into the range of action of the coin advancing means.

The oscillating arm 14' is fixed to its pin or shaft 15 which latter is journalcd in the frame standard and projects through said standard, and on the opposite side thereof is connected to a vertical rod 16 which in turn is pivotally connected to one end of a horizontal lever 17 fulcrumed upon a stud or pin a whose opposite end is adapted to be actuated by a suitable cam 18 fixed to the main shaft G of the machine, as shown in Fig. 2, whereby the arm 14 is oscillated to advance each coin into the range of action be regulated to obtain the of the push bar, and to prevent the feed of but single coins into t in unwary. he

resaid cam operate. pring-yressed, its

arm being coon... ted to one end of spring it), whose other end is connected to a collar 20 adjustably fixed to the vertical rod it; whereby the tension of said spring may best results.

The coins are advanced by the push bar 22 (Figs. 1, 13, 1? and to) and are thereby brought into contact with an inclined or can. portion 23 fixed on the free end of a bar 2% (Fig. 2 which latter is pivoted at 25 and normally held down by a spring 20; and as the coin is forced under the said free end of the bar, said end is lifted against the pres sure of its spring. The bar 2i is connected with a vertical rod 27 whose lower end is in, turn connected to a pin on the crank arm 28 fixed to one end of a transverse rockshaft 29 whose opposite end has a crank arm 30 with a pin ccnnected to a horizontally-slid ing clutch operating push bar 31 (Fig. 7) by which the wrapping devices are coupled for actuation at the proper period and sub p n of the upon wiich the stantially coirdinately with the feed and bunching of the coins, to advance the amount of paper required for a wrapper for the particular bunch orstack of coins assembled for wrapping purposes and to adjust the grippers and other parts which coact therewith. The puslrbar 22 rcciproeates in a suitable guide in the frame standard 13, and reciprocal movement is imparted to said bar through the medium of a pivoted lever 3:2 and an eccentric 33 (Fig. 4) on the main shaft G, and a rod 34 connecting the strap of said eccentric with said lover.

The lever 32 for actuating the push bar 24. is eccentrically fulcrumed at 7r on shaft K turnable in the lower part of the frame standard B to shift the angular position of said lever 32, said shaft having a crank arm Z at the opposite side connected by a rod in with one of the traveling nuts or blocks (71) whereby the limit of the forward throw of.

the push bar relative to the diameter of the coin is adjusted and controlled from the same point that controls the adjustment of the other several mechanisms hereinafter described.

As each coin is delivered from the runway it is received into the bunching devices but before being received into the latter its top edge must pass beneath the under side of the inturned short arm 35 a bell-crank lever 36 (Fig. 13) pivoted at 37' to the side of the standard B of the main frame, whereby the overthrow of the coin is prevented, and the proper seating and centering of the coin in the bunching devices is insured. To assist this latter result, as each coin is forced out of the runway and beneath the short arm of the said lever 36 it falls edgewise upon a coin supof substantiallyport or holder which includes two transverse spaced rods 37 and between the fixed and movable jaws of the bunching mechanism, said fixed jaw 38 being, if desired, a fixed part of the standard B and being formed with an opening for the admission and operation of one of the pair of grippers hereinafter described, and said movable jaw 39 being slidably, mounted on the said rods 3'4 and connected to a spring 40 the tendency of which. is toidraw the jaw inward toward 7 its fixed companion but which spring yields as the successively admitted coins increase the length of the column or bunch to be wrapped. In their normal or closed position the fixed and movable jaws 38, 39 of the bunching mechanism are separated from each other a distance sufiicient to form an intermediate ehannel which is longitudia nally in line with the end of the runway and into which channel the first coin of thenumber required for a predetermined bunch or column 'is received, and as before stated,

supported on the parallel bottom rods. Before a succeeding coin can'be delivered between the jaws, the first coin or the one immediately preceding the one being delivered by the pushbar 22, is pushed sidewise' to make provision for the oncoming coin, this side movement being given the preceding coin (or coins if more than one has been assembled on the rods and between said jaws) by means of suitable devices, as the sliding pins 41, operating-through the frame standard and adapted to push the assemupon the before-mentioned stud or pina and having a long arm with a curved end or toe adapted to ride in contact with a cam 46 on the main shaft, the parts being so timed that the lever 45 is rocked to withdraw the pins 41 as a coin is being finally advanced by the push bar 22, and being projected to push the coin sidewise into the holder as soon as it is deposited onto the bottom rods thereof, the retraction of said pins being effected by the cam 46 and their.

projection being the result of the action of the spring 47 to which the bell crank lever '42 is connected. One of the pins 41 is made flexible by mounting it looselyin the bellcrank lever and against a light spring 41',

"so that its free end may yield in a horizontal transverse plane when struck by any of the coins of the larger size or diameter.

The throw of the pins by their bell, crank levers is, in the machine shown, set for coins .of the smallest diameter, and to obviate the necessity ofchanging the throw of said pins each time I- change from one class of coins to another, I make one of the pins flexible or yieldable laterally,ias described, to compensate for coins of the larger diameters which'because' of their increased diameter would be liable to strike the upper pins before the latter could be'retractedfar enough If the flexible pin is struck, it is simply pressed aside to allow the coin to pass, after which its spring tends to return it to its normal straight position and inso doing as sists in forcing the coin sidewise into the coin holder.

desirable to so construct the machine that it is capable of-universal use, that is, that to make it capable of handling and accurately counting coins of varioussizes and denominations, thereby adapting the single adjustable machine for all other uses that a number of non-adjustable machinesmight be put to, and make it capable of handling coins from the smallest to the largest sizes. To accomplish my purpose it is evident that the coin conductor must have several adjustments to meet the varying diameters and thicknesses of the different coins, and the gage bar of the table must also be adjustable to correspond to the thickness of the difier- -ent coins, and the mechanisms for effecting these adjustments and rendering the ma,- chine capable of counting any class of coins and quickly adapting it for coins of another class, I will now describe.

From the under side of the end portions of the gage bar project the guide pins 48, and on the under side of the inclined portion of ted at the ends to receive said pins, whereby the bar is capable ofa guided movement longitudinally. Between this bar 49 and the table are suitable springs 50 which tend, to hold the bar upward and which are compressed when the bar is lowered relative to the table surface; and the ends of the bar 49 are provided with cams or wedge-shaped portions 51 operating in saddle plates 52 which fit the guide pins 48 and are secured by appropriate nuts 53 on threaded ends of said pins, whereby as'the bar 49 is moved in one direction, the ,cams or wedge portions 51 the pinsand the gagebar to be depressed against the pressure of the springs 50 and lowering the bar relative to the surface of the table; and when the bar 49 is moved in the opposite direction, the declining portions of the cams or wedge portions by riding past thesaddle plates allow the springs to fully admit said coin of increased S126.

For commercial and other reasons it is' one machine may have such adjustments as the table is a horizontal bar 49 which is slotthereof ride past the saddle plates and cause to simultaneously expand and elevate the gage bar relative to the table surface.

The gage bar having been adjusted, it is necessary for the best results, that the width of the hopper and of the coin conductor should be correspondingly adjusted and to effect this additional adjustment at the same time the gage bar is adjusted and by the same mechanism, thereby requiring but one operation for the two adjustments, I construct said hopper portion with a movable front member 54 (Fig. 23) which has suitable pins 55 projectin rearwardly and passing through plates OI%)LIS 56 and appropriately secured. The plates or bars 06 are separate from, and are movable relative to, the back of the stationary member 57 of the coin conductor; and the slide bar 49, passes be tween and is guided by the plates or bars 56 and is provided with cam or wedge portions 58 (Fig. 22,) which operate against the said bars 56 to pull the pins rearward and thereby move the movable front of the hopper portion of the coin conductor relative to the companion stationary portion thereof and decreasing the space between the inner surfaces of the glass or other spaced plates which form the coin passage, to correspond to the thickness of the coin to be delivered therethrough and the height of the space beneath the gage bar. When the indicator is turned to cause the pinion to move the slide bar outwardly to allow the gage bar to be elevated by its springs 50 to gage a coin of increased thickness, the cams or wedge portions 58 progressively withdraw relative to the bars 56 when suitable springs 57 act upon the movable front of the hopper portion of the coin conductor and allow it to move coordinately with the elevation of the gage bar. 7

Thus it will be seen that the table. and the hopper end of the coin conductor are capable of adjustment for coins of different thicknesses and when adjusted for coins of one thickness will not allow the passage of a coin of an increased thickness.

That portion of the divided coin runway which leads from the lower or discharge end of the hopper portion itis not necessary to make adjustable, and it suffices if it be stationary but made ofsuch height and width as to take the coins of maximum diameter and width, but the lower member of the divided runway, 2'. (1., that portion which is carried upon the vertical standard of the main frame and which include the plate 11 with its downwardly curved lower end: 12 for diverting the course of the coins, is made adjustable both in height and width to correspond with the adjustment of the width of the coin hopper and the elevation of the gage bar. The adjustment of these parts is fi'ected in the manner I will now describe.

The vertical standard B of the main frame is provided with a, plurality of inclined guides or slots 60 (Figs. 1, 13,17, 18, and 32) and from the back of the upper plate 11 of the lower member of the divided coin conductor projects suitable lugs 61 which slidably fit said guides and are fixed to suitable inclined plates 62 which move over the rear face of the standard, said plates 62 being grooved in a horizontal plane as shown at 63 Figs. 2 and 32 to slidably fit a lug or lugs or projections 64 formed on the wings of a vertically traveling nut or block 65.

(hen the coin passage is adjusted in height by the vertically movable plate 11 the size of the vertical portion of said passage is correspondingly changed and the width of the coin passage is also adjusted. These adjustments are obtained substantially as follows: The downturned end of the plate 11 forms one wall of the vertical portion of the coin passage, the opposite wall of the said passage being formed by the vertical wall. of a bar 66 which is horizontally slidable in a slot or guide 67 (Figs. 2, 17, and 18) in the frame standard, said bar 66 having an inclined lug or wall 68 on its rear, (Fig. 2,) which is engaged by an inclined surface 69 on an extension or wing 70 of a second traveling nut or block 71 whereby as the nut is moved in one direction the engaging inclined surfaces 68, 69, cause the bar 66 to be moved toward the curved wall of the plate 11, and when the nut is moved in an opposite direction said surfaces recede relative to each other and allow a spring to move the bar away from said curved wall of the plate 11.

On the back of the frame standard is journaled a vertical screw rod 72 having right and left threads engaging the aforesaid nuts 65 and 71 whereby when the rod is rotated by its handle 73, the nuts approach or recede from each other to simultaneously increase or decrease the vertical height of the inclined coin passage and simultaneously increase or decrease the size of the vertical portion thereof. During this adjustment of the height of the coin passage to correspond to the diameter of the coins to be passed therethrough, the limit of the forward throw of the push bar is also changed by varying the angular position of lever 32, and the width of the said passage is increased or decreased laterally to correspond to the thickness of the said coin, and to the adjustment of the aforesaid gage bar and coin-channels therein. This lateral adjustment of the coin passage is effected by a cam or Wedge portion 74, (Fig. 32) on one of the inclined and guided plates 62 engaging a correspondingly inclined surface on a late or bar 75 which is held against the bac of the frame standard by the shouldered threaded rods 76 which pass through said standard and engage and secure the plate 10 which forms the lower part of the lower member of the divided coin eofiductor along which the edge of the coin ro s.

The plate 10 is backed by a suitable spring 77 and when the cam or wedge portion 74 is receding from its companion surface 75 this spring expands and forces the plate laterally thereby increasing the width of the coin passage; and when the aforesaid inclined surface 74, is advanced progressively toward the companion surface 7 5, the threaded rods 76 pull the plate inward against the pressure of the spring 77 and thereby reduce the lateral width of the coin passage coordinately with the lowering of the plate 11 and the inward horizontal movement of the bar 66 to decrease the height of the said passage and the longitudinal width of the vertical portion thereof. By these, or similar, adjustments I am enabled to set the several parts of the machine so that I can almost lnstantly change from the feeding of the smallest coins to coins of the greatest size, and toany size between the minimum and maximum; and the several adjustments of the coin conductor, or passage, are indicated upon a revoluble graduated disk or plate 78 and a fixed pointer 79. The disk may be locked in any of its adjustments by a spring-pressed bolt 80 engaging one of a series of holes in the disk.

In connection with the foregoing adjusting features, I also locate on the table an indicator or dial 8% (Figs. 1 and 19) having designating marks for thedifierent denomination of coins to be fed, over which dial a pointer is adapted to operate. This Jointer is mounted on a shaft- 86 to which, beneath the table, is fixed a pinion 87 (Fig. 23) adapted to mesh with the teeth formed on the horizontal bar 49 whereby said bar is moved to adjust the gage bar in the manner before described. On the shaft 86 or fixed rigid with the said pinion 87 is a cam plate 88 the edge of which operates in contact with a roller 88 on the end of a bar 89 projecting from a plate 90 slidably mounted on the under side of the inclined portion of the table, said plate having parallel spaced bars 91 rigid with its upper side and disposed in a slot 92 in the inclined portion of the table in front of the gage bar, said spaced bars having their ends recessed to slidably engage the wall or edge of the slot; and said plate being connected to a spring 93 whereby the roller 88' is maintained in contactwith the edge of the cam plate 88 in whatever position said plate is turned. In addition to the foregoing features, the portion of the table in front of the gage bar and overlying the slot 92 is made rigid with spaced bars at which lie parallel with the bars 91 carried by the spring-pressed plate 90. The two sets of parallel bars, namely, the barsfixed to the table and those carried by the plate 90 form channels-into which the coins pass ing beneath the gage bar enter and through which they slide to the outer or delivery edge of the table and thence into the hopperend of the coin conductor, each of said spaced bars having a step or offset 91, 94, which forms a guide for the edge of the coin. When the indicator is set for coins of a certain definite size, the slide bar 49 is operated to adjust the vertical height of the gage bar above the table to permit the passage beneath said gage bar of the coins of the predetermined size and to exclude all coins of a larger size; and the cam-plate is at the same time operated to move the springpressed plate 90 to cause its bars to be moved relative to the fixed bars 94 so that the channels between the inner stepped faces of the fixed and movable bars of ea'ch'pair of bars will be of a width equal to the size of the coins to be fed into the machine whereby said coins will readily pass through said channels and into the coin conductor.

In the event of a coin of smaller size than the one for which the gage bar and parallel spaced bars are set passing beneath the gage bar, said coin will, upon entering the channel formed by the respective fixed and movable bars 91, 94-, drop into the recess or pocket formed by the walls of the slot in the table and the spring-pressed plate 90 which forms a bottom for said slot, from which pocket the undesirable coin can readily be removed by the operator. This arrangement affords an automatic means for separating COlIlS of any size smaller than the one for which the table and machine is set; coins whose'size is larger than that for which the machine is set cannot enter the machine because the adjustment off-the gage bar will prevent the passage thereunder of any such coin of increased sizet, To meet the requirements of the m'iichine and the-adjustment of the coin conductorQI also provide means for adjusting the bunching devices to make the same operatively receive and handle the different sizes of coins, and to center the same relative to gripping devices to be hereinafter described, it being understood that the length and diameter of the column of coins will vary with each denomination of coins counted. Referring therefore to Fi 13 and to the transverse rods 37 which of the bunch holder, it will be seen that the inner ends of these rods are fixed to the upper ends of crossed levers 95, 95, which are slotted at the point of crossing to receive a pin or stud 96 projecting from a vertical slide bar 97 appropriately guided on the frame standard. This slide bar is recrssed to loosely receive the end of one arm of a bell-crank lever 98 whose other or upper arm has a pin 99 which operates in aslot in the lower arm of the aforesaid bell-crank lever 36 whose upper .arm is turned inward orm the hot-tout unches or columns of eaasso into the range of action of the coin ejected from the delivery end of the coin runway, and engages the upper edge of the advancing coin to prevent the possible overthrow of the coin and to insure the proper seating of the coin-in the coin holder when the machine is running at high speed.

Owing to'the difierence in diameters of the various coins, it is manifest that the upper arm of the bell-crank lever 36 must be raised and lowered to compensate for the different diameters of coins, and to so position itself that it will satisfactorily perform its function upon coins of the several different diameters; and that the bars 37 which constitute the coin holder must be adjusted to properly receive, center, and hold the coins of different diameters in a smooth and regular bunch or column so that said bunch may be readily taken by the gappers and transferred to the wrapping devices, as I will hereinafter describe. Accordingly I raise or lower the slide bar 97 and thereby rock the crossed levers 95 to open or close the bars 37 relative to each other, and raise or lower the upper end of the lever 36, by means of an inclined or cam groove 100 (Fig. 17) in a sliding plate 101 engaging the pin 98, said plate being fixed to lugs 102 operating in slots 103 in the standard B andcarried by a traveling nut or block 71 hereinafter mentioned.

On themain power shaft G which is j ournaled across the lower part of the frame A and which as before described, transmits motion to operate the coin advancing means, is fixed a collar 104 (Figs. 7 to 9) having a single tooth 105 and upon this collar is loosely mounted a spiral gear 106 having a recess 107 in which is pivotally mounted a pawl or clutch lever 108 adapted to engage and disengage the single tooth as I will presently explain. Adjacent to the worm gear is a casting 109 having an annular channel 110 in the face next to the gear, said channel adapted to receive a pin 111 projecting from the swinging pawl or clutch le-' ver 108. The push rod 31 which is actuated through the spring-pressed bar 24, rod 27 and rock shaft 29 each time a coin passes beneath said bar 24, has its end 112 guided in a channel in the casting 109 the said end 112 being recessed at r to provide a lug 113 having an inclined wall 114. lVhen no coin is passing beneath the spring-pressed bar 21 the push bar 31. is retracted and the inclined wall 114 is withdrawn from register with the annular channel 110 in the casting 109 and is in engagement with the pin 111 on the swinging pawl out of the range of action of the single tooth 105 of the fixed collar, thereby disconnecting the spiral gear, 106 from the power; but as each coin passes beneath the bar 21 the push bar 31 is advanced and the inclined wall ofthe lug 113 tooth the pin of is moved into register with the annular channel 110 and the pawl is allowed to swing inward into engagement with the single I said pawl at the same time entering the annular groove 110, whereby the splral gear is connected to the power and revolves with the shaft, the purpose belng to have this gear make one complete revolution each time a coin is advanced by the push bar 22 and to complete said movement and come at rest again before the next coin is advanced. Just as the spiral gear is'completing its cycle, the pin 111 strikes the inclined wall 114 the slide bar which back, as it does each on the lug 113, and as carries this lug moves time the spring-pressed bar 24' drops after a coin passes thereunder, the swinging pawl is rocked to withdraw from the single tooth 105 and disconnect the'spiral gear from the power. In actual operation and when the machine is running at high speed and coins are bein continuously fed, themake-and-break of the connection of the pawl with the single tooth is hardly perceptible, but whatever the speed of the machine, ated except by the actual passage of a coin beneath the bar 24, therefore it is only when a coin is being advanced that the spiral gear is made operative, and allowed to make a complete rotation, which rotation is completed before another coin can be advanced. The foregoing serves as an effective clutch mechanism for connecting the spiral gear with the power shaft while coins are passing beneath the bar 24 and being deposited in the bunch holder whereby each coin performs its quota of work upon thedevices which form the salient features of the wrapping operation, which I will presently describe. Any other well known and appropriate clutch mechanism may be substituted for the foregoing clutch devices without departing from the spirit of my invention it only being desirable that the clutch shall operate to connect the spiral gear with the power only when coins are actually being advanced beneath the bar 24:, the said gear remaining inoperative when coins are not being advanced, even though the advancing means he in operation.

Having fully described the coin feeding and coin advancing and bunch or assembling means and the several adjustments which are necessary in a. single machine capable of handling coins of all sizes, I will now describe the wrapping mechanism and the parts which relate directly thereto, and the several adjustments which are necessary to adapt the paper wrapper and travel of the wrapping rolls, grippers, crimpers, and other parts to the adjustments of the coin conductor and coin advancing means.

Lying parallel with the side of the main frame is a horizontal shaft 115 (Fig. 1) upon one end of which isfixed a spiral gear 116 be respectively engaged by the members (50) coins to be bunched; when the (Z, c, f, of the triple gear. The relative size of the gears 01, g, are such that they are to be engaged when I am wrapping say fifty ears f, i are in mesh I am wrapping say orty coins to the bunch; and when the gears e, are in mesh I am wrapping twenty (20) coins to the bunch, the shifting of the gears bringing them into mesh, as described, being effected by a shifting lever 117 embracing the gear 6, and the said lever being held locked.

in its adjusted position by a pin thereon engaging any one of a series of holes 118 in the frame as shown in Fig. 6.

The sleeve 119 which carries the gears g, h, i, is fixed to a shaft 120 on the end of which is a worm 121 adapted to engage a worm gear 122 on the end of a shaft H jour-' naled transversely across the lower part of the frame and to which the carrying arms of.

the gripper frame are fixed, the said changespeed gears, worm and worm gear being so proportioned whichever of the pairs of changegears are in mesh, the worm gear 122 will be caused to make a certain definite proportion of 'a full revolution. In other words, when the change gears (Z, 9, are in mesh, one revolution of the spiral gears 106, 116 and shaft 120 will result in the'worm gear 122 being turned about one fiftieth of a complete revolution; and when the change gears e, h, are in mesh, the worm gear 122 will be turned one-twentieth of a revolution; andwhen the change gears f, i, are in mesh, the said worm gear 122 will be turned one-fortieth of a revolution. Thus in counting fifty coins to a bunch the worm gear 122 makes one complete revolution during the advancement of fifty coins; in coun ting twenty coins to the bunch, said gear 122 makes one revolution during the advancement of said twenty co1ns;-and when pounting forty coins to the bun'ch the said worm gear will make one revolution during the advancement of said forty coins. By this change gear mechanism I may vary the increment of operat on of the coin-handling parts relatively to a single cycle of operation of the machine, thereby permitting the formation of stacks-of different predetermined lengths. During each advance movement of the worm gear, a cam relative to each other that 12? (Figs. 4, 10,and 2s fixed to the shaftHis correspondingly advanced to cause the grippers to advance to and seize the bunchof assembled coins ust as the said cam is completing its cycleof movement, and to conveysaid bunch of coins to the wrapping rollers.

To make this part of the invention better understood I refer to Fig. 28 where the cam 123 is shown as having on one edge. a surface 12 1 at one terminal of which is a more sharply inclined portion 125 and at the other terminal of the said surface 124 is an oflset or recess 126 following which is a sharply inclined surface 127 from which the lower point of the first-named cam surface 125 the edge of the cam is made straight and without incline. The cam is also formed with two other cam surfaces 140-141, these being for a purpose I will hereinafter describe.

The gripper carrying frame includes the parallel arms 130 loose on the shaft H and suitably connected by the cross bar 131. At their upper ends, these arms are formedor provided with bearings 132 in which are ,slidably mounted sleeves 133 in which the.

stems 134 of the revoluble grippers 135 are rotatably mounted (Figs. 10 and 11) said grippers having their inner ends provided with some soft non-abrading material, as cork, leather, etc., and designed; to grip the ends of the column or bunch of coins in the coin holder with sufficient friction to safely transfer said bunch to the hereinafter described wrapping rolls, but without marring or abrading the end coins of the bunch.

In the cross bar 131 is slidably mounted abar 136 having diagonal teeth at each end; and on the sleeves 133 of the grippers are formed liketeeth," these teeth of both of said bars being in turn engaged by similar teeth onbars 137 longitudinally slidable in the arms 130 of the gripper frame. The sliding toothed bar 136 whiclroperates in the cross bar 131 has a projecting member 138 which lies in-the range of action of the cam edge 124 of the aforesaid cam 123, the action of the aforesaidparts being as follows:

In Fig. 4,-the gripper frame is shown in its lowered position with the grippers in line with the center of the'column or bunch of coins being assembled in the coin holder. In this position, the lug 1380f the transversely sliding toothed bar 136 lies in the intermediate portion of the recess 126 of the cam and near one end of a straight edge portion of said cam. To reach this position I would explain that just as the final coin of the predetermined number required for a bunch or package is seated in the coin holder, the spiral gear 122 is caused to make a partial rotation, by the means and in the manner before described, and the cam 123 makes a corresponding partial rotation to enable the lug 138 of thetransverse rack bar 136 which is now resting on the hi h point of the cam edge. to be pulled into t e recess 126 of said cam by the springs 139 with which the vertical rack bars 137 are connected. These springs exert a downward movement on the vertical rack bars and because of the diagonal pitch of the rack teeth cause the transverse rack bar 136 to be moved sidewise to draw the said lug in the recess of the cam. The rack teeth on the sleeves of the grippers are inclined oppositely to each other and to those on one end of the transverse rack bar 136 consequently when this latter bar is moved sidewise inwardly, the sleeves 133 are moved toward each other by the power of the springs 139, and the grippers approach the opposite ends of the bunch now assembled in the coin holder and seize the ends thereof. At this'point it should be explainedthat the cam 123 is also provided with the reversely curved surfaces140, 141, (Fig. 4,) which substantially merge into a flattened point 142 intermediate of said surfaces. The gripper frame is pushed forward after depositing the bunch of coins between the wrapping rolls, to receive the new bunch being assembled, by means of the before-mentioned cam surface 140 on the main cam 123 engaging a roller 143 on the front end of a horizontally slotted yoke 143 guided on the shafts H and 160 and having a rod or bar 144 which connects the said slidable yoke with the gripper frame. In operation, the roller first engages the lower portion of the cam surface 140 and rides up said surface thereby gradually forcing the yoke forward and through the rod or bar 144 engaging the gripper frame above its pivotal axis pushing the said frame into its lowered posit-ion, F i 4. The return of the gripper frame is effected by the springs 145, the slots in the yoke 1 43 allowing the latter to slide backward in unison with the return movement of the gripper frame.

In operation, the point 142 between the cam surfaces 140141 is adapted to engage the roller 143 to hold the gripper frame securely in its lowered position, Fig. 4, until thenext to the last coin of the bunch has been added to said bunch. As the succeed ing or final coin for the bunch passes beneath the spring-pressed bar 24 it induces a further movement of the cam 123 to allow the projection 138 on the transverse rack bar 136 to be drawn into the recessed portion of the cam and thereby permit the springs 139 and rack bars to move the grippers to ward each other to seize the bunch. Immediately preceding the seizure of the bunch by the grippers, the next advancing coin, which is the final coin of the bunch, through the connections before described, induces the succeeding partial movementof the cam 123 already referred to as occurring when each coin passes beneath the bar 24 and the projection 138 of the'gripper frame arm slips olf the point 142 of the cam and is drawn into the recess of the cam by the springs 139 and rack bars before mentioned, to allow the grippers to move inward and seize the bunch at opposite ends; and substantially simultaneously with the aforesaid approach of the grippers toward each other, and when said grippers are firmly seated against the bunch, the springs 145 which are connected to the arms of the swinging gripper frame act on said frame to cause the roller 143 to ride past the projection 142 between cams 140 and 141, and to quickly lift the bunch of coins out of the coin holder to allow the initial coin of the next bunch to be formed to be properly deposited without interference from the previous bunch or the carrying means therefor. The deposit of the single coins for the succeeding bunch causes the cam 123 to be operated in unison with the passage under the bar 24 of said coins, and as the springsl45 are pulling upon the gripper frame it is evident that the lug 138 remains seated in the recess of the cam until the coin has been moved by the advance of succeeding coins, to enable the .grippers to place the bunch of coins held by them between the winding rolls of the wrapping mechanism. Then the cam continues to rotate intermittently under the influence of each coin passing under the springpressed bar, and consequently the recessed portion of the cam moves away from the now stationary ripper frame, and until the sharply incline portion 127 of the cam strikes the lug of therack bar when said bar is operated outwardly and through the vertical rack bars and the rack sleeves 133 causes the grippers to separate relative to each other and release the now deposited bunch, said grippers however remaining sufficiently close to the ends of the bunch to prevent the ends of the coins falling away therefrom and thereby destroying the continuity of said bunch. It will be understood that at the time the grippers thus release the bunch, said bunch has been placed into the wrapping sheet and that the wrapping rolls, hereinafter mentioned, have rolled the sheet about the bunch, and that the grippers are in position in the tubular ends of the wrapped roll in which they retain the end coins in the manner just described.

As the machine is intended for universal use, that is, to operate upon coins of different sizes, it is manifest that the length of the-coin column will vary with each denomination of coins used, therefore the grippers must be made adjustable to meet this condition. Accord-ingly I have shown in -the drawings,-Fig. 11, one of the vertical rack bars as passing through the head of a screw 146 which passes through the arm of the

US33185006A 1906-08-24 1906-08-24 N-handling machine. Expired - Lifetime US998830A (en)

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US631888A US1073575A (en) 1906-08-24 1911-06-08 Coin-package wrapper.

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2660845A (en) * 1949-08-23 1953-12-01 225 Entpr Inc Machine for preparing fusees
US2709880A (en) * 1948-12-10 1955-06-07 Brandt Automatic Cashier Co Coin handling apparatus
US2882664A (en) * 1956-02-02 1959-04-21 Reis Eugen Coin wrapping machines
US3531913A (en) * 1966-10-27 1970-10-06 Tenshin Mfg Machine Co Coin wrapping apparatus
US4949532A (en) * 1987-11-13 1990-08-21 Musashi Engineering Kabushiki Kaisha Coin packaging device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2709880A (en) * 1948-12-10 1955-06-07 Brandt Automatic Cashier Co Coin handling apparatus
US2660845A (en) * 1949-08-23 1953-12-01 225 Entpr Inc Machine for preparing fusees
US2882664A (en) * 1956-02-02 1959-04-21 Reis Eugen Coin wrapping machines
US3531913A (en) * 1966-10-27 1970-10-06 Tenshin Mfg Machine Co Coin wrapping apparatus
US4949532A (en) * 1987-11-13 1990-08-21 Musashi Engineering Kabushiki Kaisha Coin packaging device

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