US994128A - Metallic vessel. - Google Patents

Metallic vessel. Download PDF

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US994128A
US994128A US54399510A US1910543995A US994128A US 994128 A US994128 A US 994128A US 54399510 A US54399510 A US 54399510A US 1910543995 A US1910543995 A US 1910543995A US 994128 A US994128 A US 994128A
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Prior art keywords
barrel
hoop
hoops
section
sections
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US54399510A
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William J Corliss
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/02Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by shape
    • B65D7/04Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by shape of curved cross-section, e.g. cans of circular or elliptical cross-section
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K1/00Soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering
    • B23K1/20Preliminary treatment of work or areas to be soldered, e.g. in respect of a galvanic coating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S220/00Receptacles
    • Y10S220/01Beer barrels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49909Securing cup or tube between axially extending concentric annuli
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49915Overedge assembling of seated part

Definitions

  • My invention relates to improvements in metallic vessels such as barrels, kegs and the like.
  • the object ofmy invention is to provide a metallic barrel which while capable of use for any purpose for which a barrel may be employed, is particularly adapted for containing liquids, the constructlon be ng such that it may be made liquid-tlght while at the same time it is simple in construction and well arranged to resist not only external but also internal stresses.
  • Figure l is a view in ele- Vation partly broken away of a metallic barrel embodying my invention
  • Fig. 2 is a detail sectional View illustrating the manner of securing the barrel body sections in the rolling hoop
  • Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the rolling hoop secured in place
  • Fig.- 4 is a detail sectional view of the chime hoop
  • Fig. 5 is a similar view showing the manner in which the head of the barrel is united to the body section of thebarrel
  • Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the chime hoop secured in place
  • F i 7 is a detail sectional view of a bushing an bung which may be used in connection with my improved barrel.
  • 1 is a central section of sheet metal, this section being most advantageously cylindrical, this cylinder of sheet metal being produced in any of the well known ways, but preferably by rolling up a sheet of metal into a cylinder and then weld- .ing the longitudinal seam by any suitable process, as for example, by the usual electrical butt-welding processes.
  • the edges of the cylinder thus formed are flanged over rings 2 of metal to form a reinforced, en-
  • the three-section barrel herein shown as embodying my invention, hastwo end sections of sheet metal, these sections being conical, as indicated at 3 in Fig. 1. These end sections also have their longitudinal seams electricall welded or otherwise joined, and are provi ed with rings 4 at each end, in the same manner as the central section hereinbefore described.
  • the barrel heads are dished outward, as will be clear from Fi 1, the depth of this dishing being just su cient to bring the outer face of the head tangent to the plane through the outer edge of the corresponding chime hoop, so that when the barrel is on its. end the head will be supported, not only around its margin, but also at its center.
  • the head at its periphery is turned first upward to form a short cylindrical or substantially cylindrical portion, as indicated at 6', and then outward to form a looped flange.
  • the looped flange is united with the rim 4 of the correspond-mg end section of the barrel, (as will be clear from Fig.
  • the rolling hoops 8 are formed as endless rings, which, prior to assembling the barrel parts, have open grooves on each side, as will be clear from Fig. 2. These hoops 8 may be made either by casting or by any suitable hoop rolling process, and the grooves are advantageously of U-shape in cross-section, while the exterior of the hoop is generally elliptical, as shown in Fig. 2.
  • the grooves are advantageously of U-shape in cross-section, while the exterior of the hoop is generally elliptical, as shown in Fig. 2.
  • chime hoops 9, are U-shaped in cross-section and thus also have a U-shaped recess but on one side only. These chime hoops also are endless rings either cast or rolled.
  • rin s are inserted into the correspondin' U-s aped grooves of the rolling hoops, an the latter are then rolled down over the rims of the cylindrical section so as to close the open ends of the said grooves against and upon the rim of the sheet metal, as will be clear from Fig. 3 and form a seal within the body of the rolling hoops.
  • the ends of the conlcal sections are then inserted in the corresponding grooves of the rolling hoo s in the same manner and the-latter rolled own to close the grooves over and against the rim of the sheet metal of said conical sections, as will be clear from Fig. 3.
  • the rolling hoops may be so firmly united with the bar-- rel sections they join as to form a liquidtight joint, but, to insure this, suitable paint,
  • varnish or other plastic sealing material may be applied to the respective rims or to the grooves of the rollin hoops, or to, both, prior to rolling down 51c said hoops.
  • the barrel may be provided with a suitable metallic bushing 10 to reieive zthe bung 11 as shown for example in
  • a suitable coating may be applied to the interior of the barrel, as by pouring plastic or liquid coating material through the bung-hole, then agitating or rotating the barrel so as to flow the liquid coating material over the entire inner surface of the barrel and drying or otherwise setting such material in place.
  • the only one capable of any practical use has a substantially uniform cylindrical body made of a single continuous sheet of metal.
  • This sheet metal cylinder is headed up, and rolling hoops are then sweated or shrunk onto the body.
  • the completed article constitutes the socalled sheet metal barrel, which is in reality merely a drum, and not a barrel at all, since it lacks the bilge or bulge, a distinctive and well-nigh indispensable feature of barrels.
  • the hoops of such a drum or barrel, being only shrunk against the body, and being otherwise entirely independent of the barrel structure are practically useless as strengthening means except to resist tendency to burst.
  • barrel heads are secured in place very firmly and so held by the chime hoops that accidental displacement of the same is an impossibility, yet where it is desired to make a barrel in which the heads can be removed as, for example, in barrels for containing round lime, sugars, paints, white lead, pitc asphalt and the like, this may be done within the scope of my invention, by a proper choice of materials.
  • the chime hoop may be removed by the use of suitable tools, and the flange of the head sprung outward away from the flange of the inner section, thus allowing the head to be removed
  • IthiLthe barrel may be galvanized inside and ifitor inside only if desired, which assistsi'in; insuring the tightness of all oints.
  • a barrel the combination, with a ring, of a substantially cylindrical body section having its margin fBFded over said ring to form a reinforced ring of enlarged crosssection, and a hoop having a groove to receive said ring and fokled margin, the sides of said groove being closed over said rim and against said body section to closely contact with and lock said rim within said hoop, so as to prevent said rim from being pulled out of said hoop.
  • the combination with a pair of body sections having reinforced rims of enlarged cross section, of a hoop having its sides provided with oppositely facing grooves in which are inserted the rims of adjacent body sections, said grooves being closed over said rims and against said body sections to closely contact with and tightly lock said rims within said hoop so as to prevent pulling apart of said body sections.
  • the combination with a ring, an end section and a head both being of comparatively thin material, said end section and head having their margins folded over said ring to form a reinforced rim of enlarged cross-section, of a chime hoop having a recess into which said rim is inserted, the sides of the recess being closed over said rim, and against said end section to lock said rim within said hoop, so as to prevent said rim from being pulled out of said hoop.

Description

W. J. CORLISS.
METALLIC VESSEL.
APPLICATION FILED FEB.15, 1910.
Patented June 6, 1911.
Suva 11oz z waw rial WILLIAM J. COBLISS, 0F JERSEY-CITY, NEW JERSEY.
METALLIC VESSEL.
Specification of Letters Patent. iPatented June 6, 1911 Application filed February 15, 1910. Serial No. 543,995.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, WILLIAM .J. Qonnrss, a citizen of the United States, residing at Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, new and useful Improvements 1n Metalhc Vessels, of which the following is a speclfication.
My invention relates to improvements in metallic vessels such as barrels, kegs and the like. v
The object ofmy invention is to provide a metallic barrel which while capable of use for any purpose for which a barrel may be employed, is particularly adapted for containing liquids, the constructlon be ng such that it may be made liquid-tlght while at the same time it is simple in construction and well arranged to resist not only external but also internal stresses.
l/Vith this general object in view and some others which will be obvious to those skilled in the art, my invention consists in the features, details of construction and cornblnations of parts which will first be described in connection with the accompanying drawlngs and then particularly pointed out in the claims. 7
In the drawings, Figure l is a view in ele- Vation partly broken away of a metallic barrel embodying my invention; Fig. 2 is a detail sectional View illustrating the manner of securing the barrel body sections in the rolling hoop; Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the rolling hoop secured in place; Fig.- 4 is a detail sectional view of the chime hoop; Fig. 5 is a similar view showing the manner in which the head of the barrel is united to the body section of thebarrel; Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the chime hoop secured in place; and F i 7 is a detail sectional view of a bushing an bung which may be used in connection with my improved barrel.
Referring to the drawin s, which illustrate my invention embodied in a threesect-ion barrel, 1 is a central section of sheet metal, this section being most advantageously cylindrical, this cylinder of sheet metal being produced in any of the well known ways, but preferably by rolling up a sheet of metal into a cylinder and then weld- .ing the longitudinal seam by any suitable process, as for example, by the usual electrical butt-welding processes. The edges of the cylinder thus formed are flanged over rings 2 of metal to form a reinforced, en-
have invented certain.
having a circular cross-section for the rea-- sons hereinafter pointed out, the rings being welded at their ends, and to rimthe sheet metal over the said rings in a suitable rimming apparatus, so that the free edge of the cylindrlcal section is outside, as will be clear from Fig. 2, the advantages of this construction bein explained hereinafter.
In ad tion to the central section, the three-section barrel, herein shown as embodying my invention, hastwo end sections of sheet metal, these sections being conical, as indicated at 3 in Fig. 1. These end sections also have their longitudinal seams electricall welded or otherwise joined, and are provi ed with rings 4 at each end, in the same manner as the central section hereinbefore described.
The barrel heads, indicated at 5, are dished outward, as will be clear from Fi 1, the depth of this dishing being just su cient to bring the outer face of the head tangent to the plane through the outer edge of the corresponding chime hoop, so that when the barrel is on its. end the head will be supported, not only around its margin, but also at its center. The head at its periphery is turned first upward to form a short cylindrical or substantially cylindrical portion, as indicated at 6', and then outward to form a looped flange. The looped flange is united with the rim 4 of the correspond-mg end section of the barrel, (as will be clear from Fig.
5) by compressing it over said rim. The dished central portion of the head merges into the short cylindrical portion 6 in a curve, as indicated in cross-section, at 7, Fig. 5, so as to avoid any sharp bends of the sheet metal.
The rolling hoops 8 are formed as endless rings, which, prior to assembling the barrel parts, have open grooves on each side, as will be clear from Fig. 2. These hoops 8 may be made either by casting or by any suitable hoop rolling process, and the grooves are advantageously of U-shape in cross-section, while the exterior of the hoop is generally elliptical, as shown in Fig. 2. The
chime hoops, 9, are U-shaped in cross-section and thus also have a U-shaped recess but on one side only. These chime hoops also are endless rings either cast or rolled.
In assembling a barrel, the ends of the cylindrical section after flanging over the mum of metal.
rin s are inserted into the correspondin' U-s aped grooves of the rolling hoops, an the latter are then rolled down over the rims of the cylindrical section so as to close the open ends of the said grooves against and upon the rim of the sheet metal, as will be clear from Fig. 3 and form a seal within the body of the rolling hoops. The ends of the conlcal sections are then inserted in the corresponding grooves of the rolling hoo s in the same manner and the-latter rolled own to close the grooves over and against the rim of the sheet metal of said conical sections, as will be clear from Fig. 3.
By the use of suflicient pressure in this closing and sealing operatlon the rolling hoops may be so firmly united with the bar-- rel sections they join as to form a liquidtight joint, but, to insure this, suitable paint,
varnish or other plastic sealing material may be applied to the respective rims or to the grooves of the rollin hoops, or to, both, prior to rolling down 51c said hoops. After the barrel sections are thus united the heads are united to the end sections, as hereinbefore explained, and the chime hoops are then 4 put in place and rolled down or otherwise compressed into close contact with the rims of the barrel. The barrel may be provided with a suitable metallic bushing 10 to reieive zthe bung 11 as shown for example in In order to insure that the barrel will be liquid-tight a suitable coating may be applied to the interior of the barrel, as by pouring plastic or liquid coating material through the bung-hole, then agitating or rotating the barrel so as to flow the liquid coating material over the entire inner surface of the barrel and drying or otherwise setting such material in place.
It will be observed that in my invention the locks which hold the sheet metal sections to the respective hoops are in the nature of dovetail joints, while at the same time in forming them there are no sharp bends in the sheet metal.
By this invention it is possible to make a structurally strong barrel of comparatively thin and light sheet metal. The thin metal being folded over a ring of circular section forms a structurally'strong loop thereover, giving a maximum of strength with a mini- The body or rolling hoops are also of comparatively light metal but this metal being closed down over the sheet metal which in turn is closed down over the ring,there is formed a structurally strong hoop with a minimum of metal. And similarly in'ijthe case of the chime hoop, the assemblage is such as to form a structurally strong combination of metal elements with the production of a round chime.
Usin the above described structure, I am enable to build up a barrel of much thinlarly noticed that in this form of barrel the rolling hoops are integral with the body of the barrel, and thus serve to stiffen and strengthen against bursting strains, at the same time preventing deformation due to violent contact with various objects encountered in the rough handling to which the .barrel may be sub ected. 1
Among the numerous types of sheet metal barrels hitherto known, the only one capable of any practical use has a substantially uniform cylindrical body made of a single continuous sheet of metal. This sheet metal cylinder is headed up, and rolling hoops are then sweated or shrunk onto the body. The completed article constitutes the socalled sheet metal barrel, which is in reality merely a drum, and not a barrel at all, since it lacks the bilge or bulge, a distinctive and well-nigh indispensable feature of barrels. The hoops of such a drum or barrel, being only shrunk against the body, and being otherwise entirely independent of the barrel structure are practically useless as strengthening means except to resist tendency to burst. In order therefore to give the body of such a drum orbarrel suflicient stiffness and strength, it is necessary to use very heavy gage metal in its manufacture and consequently add greatly to the weight which would be r uired if the barrel body were properly reiri f orced.
Some attempts have been made in the past to obviate the objections to the above described metal barrel, by constructing the barrel in sheet metal sections held together by joining means. Without exception however, these attempts have resulted only in failure for the reason that the section-joining means invariably worked loose when the barrel was subjected to any strain. Consequently leaks soon developed and the barrel became useless after a short time. With the joining means employed in the present invention however, the joints between the barrel sections are ractically dove-tail joints, being liquid-tlght and of great strength. The greater is the strain between barrel sections, the tighter do these 'oints become. There are no angular bends in the metal at the joints which is a further safeguard against weakening and leakage.
Another highly important advantage gained in the barrel constructed according to the present invention lies in the fact that the rolling hoops, which so immovably lock together the barrel sections, are themselves necessarily held rigidly in their respective positions on the barrel body at all times. This is of particular importance in unloading operations, as for example in unloading barrels from a freight car, where the barrels are rolled down a track or skid having rails or stringers adapted to bear either on the inside or the outside of the rolling hoops, and
thus guide the barrel from the car door to' the unloading platform. If the barrel hoops get out of true, as they are liable to do in the ordinary type of barrel, the barrel is frequently stalled on the skid due to the binding of the hoops against the skid rails, or from the same cause may even be thrown from the skid and fall between the car and the platform. In either case annoying delay and damage result. This trouble is entirely avoided in the barrel which I have invented.
The dovetail joint as well as the frictional grip of the hoops on the sheet metal render it impossible to pull out the sheet metal from the hoops. Furthermore, by rimming the flanges of the sheet metal sections outward, no opportunity is given for the contents of the barrel to flow into contact with the rings and the inner surfaces of the sheet metal at the joints in case of any leakage, whereby corrosion of the joints is to this extent avoided.
As a result of my invention it is possible to produce a metallic barrel having a bilge whereby the handling of the barrel is easier, the rolling hoops permitting the employment of such a bilge without necessitating the use of very heavy sheet metal for the barrel sections.
Although the barrel heads are secured in place very firmly and so held by the chime hoops that accidental displacement of the same is an impossibility, yet where it is desired to make a barrel in which the heads can be removed as, for example, in barrels for containing round lime, sugars, paints, white lead, pitc asphalt and the like, this may be done within the scope of my invention, by a proper choice of materials. For example, if the sheet metal sections are of mild steel and the chime hoop is of annealed ingot iron, or ofsome other soft metal such as a hardened lead compound, or zinc or zinc alloy, the chime hoop may be removed by the use of suitable tools, and the flange of the head sprung outward away from the flange of the inner section, thus allowing the head to be removed It is to be understoodIthiLthe barrel may be galvanized inside and ifitor inside only if desired, which assistsi'in; insuring the tightness of all oints.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim is:
1. In a barrel, the combination, with a ring, of a substantially cylindrical body section having its margin fBFded over said ring to form a reinforced ring of enlarged crosssection, and a hoop having a groove to receive said ring and fokled margin, the sides of said groove being closed over said rim and against said body section to closely contact with and lock said rim within said hoop, so as to prevent said rim from being pulled out of said hoop.
2. In a barrel, the combination, with a pair of body sections having reinforced rims of enlarged cross section, of a hoop having its sides provided with oppositely facing grooves in which are inserted the rims of adjacent body sections, said grooves being closed over said rims and against said body sections to closely contact with and tightly lock said rims within said hoop so as to prevent pulling apart of said body sections.
3. In a barrel, the combination, with a ring, an end section and a head both being of comparatively thin material, said end section and head having their margins folded over said ring to form a reinforced rim of enlarged cross-section, of a chime hoop having a recess into which said rim is inserted, the sides of the recess being closed over said rim, and against said end section to lock said rim within said hoop, so as to prevent said rim from being pulled out of said hoop.
4. In a barrel, the combination, with an end section, of a head dished so as to bring the central portion of its outer surface tangent to the plane of the outer surface of the chime hoop, a ring over which the margins of the end section and head are folded to form a, reinforced rim of enlarged cross-section, and a grooved chime hoop closed over said rim and against said end section to lock said rim within said hoop, so as to prevent said rim from being pulled out of said hoop.
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature in the presence of witnesses.
WILLIAM J. CORLISS.
Witnesses:
Kmosnr MONTGOMERY, Wm'r TASBIMO.
US54399510A 1910-02-15 1910-02-15 Metallic vessel. Expired - Lifetime US994128A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2453159A (en) * 1945-05-10 1948-11-09 Lewis E Richter Container
US2678628A (en) * 1951-03-10 1954-05-18 Williams August Lee Shipping container for animals
US2699560A (en) * 1951-09-29 1955-01-18 Frederick W Stein Method of forming rigid structures
US2951613A (en) * 1957-07-23 1960-09-06 Craig Systems Inc Bonded metal panels and enclosures
US3739833A (en) * 1971-10-31 1973-06-19 Foseco Trading Ag Assembly method for the lining of hot tops and the like in foundry practice

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2453159A (en) * 1945-05-10 1948-11-09 Lewis E Richter Container
US2678628A (en) * 1951-03-10 1954-05-18 Williams August Lee Shipping container for animals
US2699560A (en) * 1951-09-29 1955-01-18 Frederick W Stein Method of forming rigid structures
US2951613A (en) * 1957-07-23 1960-09-06 Craig Systems Inc Bonded metal panels and enclosures
US3739833A (en) * 1971-10-31 1973-06-19 Foseco Trading Ag Assembly method for the lining of hot tops and the like in foundry practice

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