US978505A - Metallic fence-post. - Google Patents

Metallic fence-post. Download PDF

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Publication number
US978505A
US978505A US1910557260A US978505A US 978505 A US978505 A US 978505A US 1910557260 A US1910557260 A US 1910557260A US 978505 A US978505 A US 978505A
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Prior art keywords
post
sections
spreader
means
end
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Expired - Lifetime
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William R Stewart
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William R Stewart
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors

Description

W. R. STEWART.

METALLIC FENCE POST.

APPLICATION rILnn APE.23, 1910.

Patented Dec. 13,1910.

jects a short distance above the ground and i To all whom it may concern:

a citizen of the United States, residing at and effective means for sealing the post so WILLIAM R. STEWART, OF ENSLEY, ALABAMA.

METALLIC FENCE-POST.

Be it known that I, WILLIAM R. STEWART,

Ensley, in the county of Jefferson and State of Alabama, have invented new and useful Improvements in Metallic Fence-Posts, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to an improvement in metallic fence posts and has for its object to provide a post formed preferably of a metal pipe having one end split so that it may be spread or expanded in a novel manner after being inserted in the ground.

One feature of my invention consists in the novel means provided for effectively spreading the split end of the post after its insertion in the earth.

Another feature of my invention consists in the means employed for locking said spreading means in the expanded position assumed when the post is anchored in the earth.

A still further feature consists in a cheap that it will not fill with water which consists in filling the post to a point near the top with earth and capping it with cement or concrete composition.

As a modification of my invention I may form each post as a socket piece which proreceives a cement or composition post.

My invention further consists in the details of construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter more particularly described and claimed in connection with the preferred embodiment of my invention which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein similar reference numerals refer to similar parts, and in which Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of one of my improved posts shown as set in the ground before its split end is spread, the wedge being shown in side elevation. Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing the wedge when the sections thereof have been forced apart to spread and anchor the split end of the post in the ground. Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing the concrete filler inserted to hold the wedge in its expanded position and also the means for capping the post. Fig. 4: is a detail view of the split wedge for expanding the post. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the segments of said wedge. Fig. 6 shows the pipe Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed April 23, 1910.

Patented Dec. 13, 1910.

Serial No. 557,260.

shortened to form a socket which receives a cement or concrete post. Fig. 7 is a view of the lower end of the post correspondin to Fig. 3, and showing a concrete wedge block used to expand the sections of the spreader and which is left in permanent engagement therewith.

My improved post is preferably formed of atubular metal body or pipe 1 havin the end thereof, intended to be inserted into the ground, split by a number of longitudinal slits, preferably four, out in the pipe from the end up for a distance of from eight inches to one foot, said slits being equidistantly spaced about the pipe to form legs which are adapted to be spread apart, as shown in Fig. 2. It being my purpose to insert the pipe to the desired depth in the earth before its end sections are spread apart, I prefer to accomplish this by first.

1. Each section has its top portion 3 tapering from its upper and outer periphery toward its inner edge, thus causing the assembled spreader to have a central depression formed by the inwardly sloping and converging tops of the wedge sections. \Vhen the assembled spreader is in the posi tion referred to, a suitable ramming device, such as a pipe or red 4, is passed down through the pipe 1 until its bottomend en gages the sloping top walls 3 of the wedge sections. This rammer is then driven down, acting as it is driven to spread the wedge sections apart and outwardly thereby expanding the legs or split end sections of the pipe until the latter are spread outwardly as shown in Fig. 2. been withdrawn, concrete or like substance 5 is inserted in the pipe 1 and tamped so that the spreader is effectively locked thereby in the expanded position its sections assume when they have been spread apart. Only a small quantity of concrete need be used, sutlieient to fill in around and above the wedge sections and hold the latter in position. The pipe 1s preferably filled above the concrete with earth 6 to a point within a few inches from the top and after the earth has been tamped down, a concrete or cement cap 7 is formed to close and seal the upper end of the pipe.

I prefer to make the wedge of concrete or cement composition as 1t will not be affected by the moisture of the earth and will be permanent, though hard wood or metal may be used if desired.

In Fig. 6 I illustrate a modlfied form of my invention in which the plpe 1s formed as a socket 8 which is similar to pipe 1, only shorter, and is inserted and anchored in the ground in the same manner. Into the upper end of this socket I introduce a concrete or cement composition post 9 and secure it in the socket by cement or mortar 10. The post 9 stands thus firmly rooted in the ground and makes a most durable and satisfactory post.

It will be noted that the pipe is spread after it is driven into the ground and that, in fact, in forming the post hole the earth into which the pipe is expanded has already been packed. I find that the pull required to draw my improved post out is nearly twice that of the ordinary posts of twice its diameter.

I have illustrated in Fig. 7 the use of a cone-shaped wedge 11 which may be made of concrete or cement composition and which is introduced with the spreader and adapted to receive the rammer and be forced downwardly to spread apart the sections of the spreader; This wedge 11 is left in position holding the spreader expanded, and concrete may be used above it or not as may be desired.

Having thus described my invention, what- I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. A device of the character described, a hollow metal body split longitudinally at its lower end, in combination with expansible wedging means located within the split portion of said body and adapted to be expanded to spread said split portion, substantially as described.

2. A device of the character described, a hollow metal body split longitudinally at its lower end, in combination with expansible wedging means located within the split portion of said body and adapted to be expanded to spread said split portion, and means to hold said wedging means in the position assumed after the end sections have been spread out, substantially as described.

8. A fence post formed by a hollow metal body having its lower end divided into sections by longitudinal slits, in combination with means to spread said sections apart after the post has been inserted in the ground, which means comprise a sectional sp reader having slanting upper surfaces to receive an instrument which spreads the sections of both spreader and pipe outwardly, and means to permanently space the sections of the spreader, substantially as described.

4. A fence post formed by a hollow metal body having its lower end divided into sections by longitudinal slits, in combination with means to spread said sections apart after the post has been inserted in the ground, which means comprise a sectional spreader having slanting upper surfaces to receive an instrument which spreads the sections of both spreader and pipe outwardly, and a composition filler inserted to hold said spreader sections in their expanded position. 5. The combination with a hollow post having an end thereof split, of a sectional spreader adapted to be inserted in the split end of said post and expanded by means passed lengthwise through the post, and a composition filler introduced in said post to hold said spreader sections expanded, substantially as described.

6. The combination with a hollow post having an end thereof split, of a sectional spreader adapted to be inserted in the split end of said post and expanded by means passed lengthwise through the post, a composition filler introduced in said post to hold said spreader sections expanded, said post having earth tamped in said filler, and a composition cap resting on said earth and covering the upper end of the pipe, substantially as described.

7. The combination with a hollow post having a split end, of a spreader for said end formed of sections which have diverging and outwardly slanting top walls to receive between them a spreading instrument to expand the spreader, and means to permanently space the sections of the spreader,

substantially as described.

8. The combination with a hollow post having a split end, of a spreader for expanding said end, which spreader forms a permanent part of the post and is preferably formed of a composition sectional body which will fit into the post in assembled position and which is adapted to be expanded to spread said split end of the post after its insertion in the earth, and means to hold said spreader in its expanded position.

9. A fence post having a bottom portion adapted to be inserted in a hole in the earth and having sections thereof capable of being spread outwardly laterally to anchor the said portion in the earth, and means which serve to permanently spread and hold said portions in expanded engagement with the earth, said means comprising a sectional spreader and locking means to hold the sections expanded, substantially as described.

10. A fence post having a bottom portion adapted to be inserted in a hole in the earth and having sections thereof capable of being In testimony whereof I have hereunto set spread outwardly laterally and anchor the my hand in presence of two subscribing Wit- 10 said portion in the earth, expansible s reader nesses. means adapted to be operated after t e bottom portion has been inserted in the hole,

and means which serve to permanently hold \Vitnesses: the spreader means in its expanded position, C. V. COLE,

as and for the purposes described. J. H. STEWART.

\VILLIAM R. STElVART.

US978505A 1910-04-23 1910-04-23 Metallic fence-post. Expired - Lifetime US978505A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3159248A (en) * 1961-04-03 1964-12-01 Harold B Biehn Post or pole anchorage
WO1988008066A1 (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-10-20 Larsson Sven Goeran Anchoring device
US4843785A (en) * 1986-06-26 1989-07-04 Secure Anchoring & Foundation Equipment, Inc. Anchoring and foundation support apparatus and method
US4882891A (en) * 1986-06-26 1989-11-28 S.A.F.E. Anchoring and foundation support apparatus having moment resisting vanes and method
US5622015A (en) * 1995-04-12 1997-04-22 Collins; James S. Method and apparatus for consolidating earth and anchor setting device
US5906359A (en) * 1997-08-13 1999-05-25 Rowswell; Kevin J. Cattle gate and fence systems
US6256961B1 (en) 1998-08-27 2001-07-10 Dennis S. Byrnes Utility pole base construction
US20030115810A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2003-06-26 Reinert Gary L. Segmented foundation installation apparatus and method
US20050285092A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2005-12-29 Pesta Leeann Expandable pole socket with twist and lock insert
GB2428704A (en) * 2005-07-25 2007-02-07 Steve Warburton Ground anchor for plant pots
US20080230758A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-09-25 Mfpf, Inc. Barrier Fencing System
US20090165403A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2009-07-02 Mfpf, Inc. Metal Fin Pipe Foundation Apparatus and Method
US20100139649A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-06-10 Almy Charles B Earth-Penetrating Expansion Anchor
US20130061555A1 (en) * 2011-09-12 2013-03-14 N. Eric Knudsen Device for forming post sleeves, and method of use
US9334673B2 (en) 2009-03-13 2016-05-10 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve positioning systems and related methods
US9982454B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2018-05-29 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve assembly

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3159248A (en) * 1961-04-03 1964-12-01 Harold B Biehn Post or pole anchorage
US4843785A (en) * 1986-06-26 1989-07-04 Secure Anchoring & Foundation Equipment, Inc. Anchoring and foundation support apparatus and method
US4882891A (en) * 1986-06-26 1989-11-28 S.A.F.E. Anchoring and foundation support apparatus having moment resisting vanes and method
WO1988008066A1 (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-10-20 Larsson Sven Goeran Anchoring device
US5622015A (en) * 1995-04-12 1997-04-22 Collins; James S. Method and apparatus for consolidating earth and anchor setting device
US5797704A (en) * 1995-04-12 1998-08-25 Collins; James S. Pier foundation and method of installation
US5906359A (en) * 1997-08-13 1999-05-25 Rowswell; Kevin J. Cattle gate and fence systems
US6256961B1 (en) 1998-08-27 2001-07-10 Dennis S. Byrnes Utility pole base construction
US20030115810A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2003-06-26 Reinert Gary L. Segmented foundation installation apparatus and method
US7621098B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2009-11-24 Mfpf, Inc. Segmented foundation installation apparatus and method
US20120050072A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2012-03-01 Mfpf, Inc. Metal fin pipe foundation apparatus and method
US20100319273A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2010-12-23 Mfpf, Inc. Metal Fin Pipe Foundation Apparatus and Method
US20090165403A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2009-07-02 Mfpf, Inc. Metal Fin Pipe Foundation Apparatus and Method
US7055807B2 (en) 2004-06-25 2006-06-06 Pool Cover Corporation Expandable pole socket with twist and lock insert
US20050285092A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2005-12-29 Pesta Leeann Expandable pole socket with twist and lock insert
GB2428704A (en) * 2005-07-25 2007-02-07 Steve Warburton Ground anchor for plant pots
US20080230758A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-09-25 Mfpf, Inc. Barrier Fencing System
US9982454B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2018-05-29 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve assembly
US20100139649A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-06-10 Almy Charles B Earth-Penetrating Expansion Anchor
WO2010093397A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-08-19 Sunpower Corporation Earth-penetrating expansion anchor
US9334673B2 (en) 2009-03-13 2016-05-10 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve positioning systems and related methods
US9938749B2 (en) 2009-03-13 2018-04-10 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve positioning systems and related methods
US8820007B2 (en) * 2011-09-12 2014-09-02 N. Eric Knudsen Device for forming post sleeves, and method of use
US9546496B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2017-01-17 N. Eric Knudsen Device for forming post sleeves and related methods
US9212463B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2015-12-15 N. Eric Knudsen Device for forming post sleeves and related methods
US20130061555A1 (en) * 2011-09-12 2013-03-14 N. Eric Knudsen Device for forming post sleeves, and method of use
US10132099B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2018-11-20 N. Eric Knudsen Device for forming post sleeves and related methods

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