US925012A - Liquid-impelling apparatus. - Google Patents

Liquid-impelling apparatus. Download PDF

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US925012A
US925012A US40067407A US1907400674A US925012A US 925012 A US925012 A US 925012A US 40067407 A US40067407 A US 40067407A US 1907400674 A US1907400674 A US 1907400674A US 925012 A US925012 A US 925012A
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pipe
air
liquid
valve
inlet
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US40067407A
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Walter B Moore
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Walter B Moore
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B47/00Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps
    • F04B47/02Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps the driving mechanisms being situated at ground level
    • F04B47/04Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps the driving mechanisms being situated at ground level the driving means incorporating fluid means

Description

, W. B., MOORE. LIQUID IMPELLING APPARATUS. APPLICATION FILED NOV. 4, 1907. 925,012.' Patented June 15, 1909.

2 SHEETS-SHEET l.

W. B. MOORE'. LIQUID IMPBLLING APPARATUS. APPLICATION FILED NOV. 4, 1907.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

WIM/55555; INVENTO/e m m 5y `////f/Va/ Patented June 15, 1909.

WALTER B. MOORE, OF WALLA WALLA, WASHINGTON.

LIQUID-IMPELLING APPARATUS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 15, 1909.

Application. led November 4, 1907. Serial No. 400,674.

To allwhom it may concern:

Ide it known that I, NAL'IER B. Moonii, a citizen of the United States of America, and

a resident of the city of Walla Walla, in the county of Walla Walla and State of Vashiiigton, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Liquid-Impelling Apparatus, of which the following is a specification. My invention relates to improvements in liquid impelling apparatus and aims primarily to provide an improved apparatus of the above character which can be operated in an efficient manner.

A further object resides in the provision of means for normally preventing the ingress of air into the liquid discharge pipe.

With the above and'other objects in view to be set forth, as the description progresses, the invention residesy in the structural features, arrangements and combinations of parts hereinafter described and succinctly defined in the annexedclaims. Referring now to the accompanying drawings in which like' numerals of reference indicate like parts throughout.: Figure 1 is a side view of an apparatus embodying my invention, parts being shown in section. Fig. 2 is a top plan view, and Fig. 3 is a detail view in section, on enlarged scale.

In carrying out my invention, I provide a suitable liquid discharge pipe, as 1, to which the iiuid under pressure is supplied, and at a suitable distance from its lower end, said discharge pipe 1 is provided with an air inlet means 2.

A valve 3 normally prevents the ingress of air into pipe 1, so that column of water from which the strata are to be obtained, as will later be moie fully described, will not be charged with air and filled with bubbles aswould be the case were the air permitted to enter in a continuous manner into the liquid discharge pipe. Val've 3, as now considered, is in the form of a hollow tube or cylinder, being open at both ends and being of such length as to, upon being operated, alternately close the air and water inlet ports.

Water or other li uid to be impelled is supplied to pipe 1 r'om suitable receivers 4, 4 there being two shown in order that the operation can be a continuous one. Two receivers are however, not absolutely necessary, as'will be readily understood.

The air inlet means 2 consists of a pair of ports, clearly shown in Fig. 1, which are connected by pipes 5,

.communication respective pipe each with a respective receiver at theupperv portion thereof. The water inlet ports 6 are formed in pipe 1 below poi-ts 2 and are connected by pipes 7 to the lower portions of the receivers.

Receivers 4, 4 are provided in their bottom walls with inlet ports 4a through which tiuid enters to fill said receivers, said ports being provided with suitable valves, as 8.

Reference numeral 9 indicates a suitable storage tank, supplied with air under pressure, from which 'a supply pipe 10 leads. Pipe 1() is connected to branch pipes 11, leading each to a respective receiver, and communicating therewith preferably at the upper portions thereof, as illustrated.

A t the juncture of pipes 10 and 11, I provide a valve 12 which is suitably ported to, upon being rocked, alternately establish `between the respective branch pipes 11 and pipe 10, thereby enabling air from tank 9 being discharged [irst into one receiver and then into the other. Valve 12, as now considered, is controlled byfloats 13, slidably mounted on rods 14, in receivers 4, 4', said floats when having lowered a predetermined distance, engaging stops 14,`on said rods 14, and acting as weights lowering said rods. rPhe movement of rods 14 is transmitted to valve 12 through levers 15 'and links 16, the latter of which are connected to arms 17, fixed to said valve.

The ports of valve 12, there being two shown, are arranged toezicli alternately es tablish communication between pipe 10 and a respective p ipe 11, and then each alternately establish communication between its l1 and an exhaust pipe 18.

Pipe 18 is connected with a pair of branch pipes 19 having suitable check v alves indicated at 1.9, which communicate with a double acting air compressor 20, as shown.v

At the juncture of pipes 18 and 19, a valve 21, controlling a port communicatin with the ati'nosphere is provided (see Fig. 3 By this construction after the water has been exhausted from a receiver, the air in said receiver is drawn into compressor 20, together with a certain amount of air from the atmosphere, admitted through port-controlled by valve 21, and then forced through a pipe 22, provided at 22 with suitable check valves to tank 9. As air is exhausted from the receivers, water will enter through the inlet ports 4 thereof, as will be readily understood.

smaller or lower of said cylinders havingthe l piston 24 therein and being in communication with supply pipe l0 through the medium of a pipe 26 which communicates with cyl-V inder 25 at the lower 'portion thereof. Cylinder 25 is arranged beneath discharge pipe l and is in communication therewith rso as to bear the weight of the water in pipe l.

Now for example, assuming tank' 9 to contain air at 20 pounds pressure, and the ports are arranged as shown, air entering receiver et forces the water therefrom into pipe l up wardlytlirough valve 3 until the weight of column of water in said pipe is substantially equal to the air pressure, then by reason of' the difference in the surface areas of pistons 24, 24', the pressure of the column of water on the larger of said pistons will overcome the pressure of air exerted on. piston 24', and effect the lowering of valve 3. Valve 3 when lowered closes ports 6 and opens the air inlet ports 2, thereby permitting of the air cutting into the sideof the column of water at a suitable distance above its lower end and forcing upwardly the superimposed portion of the column of water. When in pursuance of this operation water is discharged from pipe l, and the weight of the column of water in pipe 1, thereby reduced, air in cylinder 25 will a 24 and the valve 3 upwar ly, thereby openingl ports 6 and closing ports 2. Water entering again through one of the ports 6 fills the lower portion of pipe l to a point above dports 2, when the weight of the water in sai pipe l will again effect the lowering of valve 3, as hereinbefore described. This o eration being continued, pipe l will be li led .with alternating strata of air and water, thereby enabling the lifting of water to great heights with a comparatively small amount of pressure.

I desire to call particular attention to the function of valve 3, the saine preventing air entering discharge pipe 1, until the column of water in pipe l rises to a point above the inlet ports 2. By this construction, when air is admitted into pipe' l it will cut into the side ofthe column of :water and form a solid stratum or piston ofair and lift the water lying thereabove for discharge. If valve 3 was omitted and air allowed to flow in a continuous manner into ipe l, the water about the air'inlets would) be kept in a constant state of agitation, and a loss of efficiency by air assing through the strata of1. water, in the orm of bubbles, would resu t.

It will be understood that by the construction described, the air first forces the water through one ofthe ports 6 into pipe 1 to as ain force piston ters Patent of the United States of America,

ISI i l. An apparatus of the character de scribed comprising a discharge pipe formed with an air inlet, means communicating with said pipe at one Iside of the air inlet thereof for supplying the same with a liquid, means for discharging air under pressure into said pipe through the air inlet thereof,

andy a valve in said pipe normally preventing ingress of air, said valve being formed to permit of the liquid passing through the same while preventing ingress of the air, for the purpose specified.

2. An apparatus of the character describedcomprising a liquid discharge. pipe provided with an air inlet and a liquid inlet, a valve arranged in said discharge pipe for normally closing the air inlet thereof, said valve being formed to allow liquid passing vthrough the same, and controller means for said valve connected to be operated one way by air under pressure and operated the other way by the liquid in said discharge pipe.

3. An apparatus of the character described coniprising a liquid discharge pipe provided withl an air inlet and a liquid inlet, a valve means arranged for alternately opening one of the inlets of said discharge pipe and closing the other, andnieans for operating said valve means.

4. A11 apparatus of the character described coinprisiiig a liquid discharge pipe` provided with an air inlet, a hollow valve open at both ends supported in said pipe for vertical movement, said pipe being provided at a point below the air inlet thereof with a liquid inlet, and means for raising and lowering said Valve to open and close said air inlet.

An apparatus of the character described comprising a liquid discharge pipe formed with an inlet in communication with a source of liquid supply, said discharge pipe being formed with an said first named inlet thereof, means for supplying air under pressure through the last named inlet of said discharge pipe, a'

valve means slidably arranged in said discharge pipe for' alternately opening and closing the said inlets thereof, said valve means being formed to allow the liquid to pass above the same, a piston secured to said valve means and arranged to be acted upon air inlet above by the liquid in said discharge pipe for lowering said valve means, and means for elerating said valve means, for the purpose specified,

6. An apparatus of the character described comprising a liquid discharge pipe formed withI an inlet, a receiver for the liquid in communication with the inlet-of said discharge pipe, vided-With another inlet at a point above lthe first named inlet thereof, a pipe leading .from said receiver to the last named inlet of said discharge pipe, means said receiver with air under pressure, avalve means supported in said discharge pipe for sliding, vvhereby to alternately open and close the respective inlets of said discharge pipe, and means for operating said valve means.

7. An apparatus of the character described comprising a liquid discharge pipe provided with air and liquid inlets, the air inlet being disposed above said liquid inlet, a receiver for the liquid in communication with the liquid inlet of said dischargepipe, a pipe leading fi'om said receiver to the air inlet of said discharge pipe, means for supplying air under pressure to said receiver, a vertically :zlidable valve means in said discharge pipe for alternately opening and closing the inlets thereof, being arranged to close .one of .said inlets while the other is left open, a casing in communication with said discharge pipe at thc lower portion thereof, a piston in said easing connected to said valve means, a second casing, a piston in said last casing connected to said first named piston'for movenient therewith, and means for conveying air from said air supplyV means and directingl the. saine for discharge insaid last named casing, for the purpose specified.

S. An apparatus of the character described comprising a liquid discharge pipe provided with airand liquid inlets, the air inlet being disposed above said liquid inlet, means in communication with said liquid inlet for supplying said pi e with liiquid,"means for supplying air un er pressure for discharge into said pipe a valve for normally air into said pipe, a casing in [communication casing, a piston in said discharge pipe being pror for supplying ,nicatin With through the air inlet thereof,v preventing ingressv of v with said liquid discharge pipe, a pistonin said casing connected to said valve, a second said last'named casing connected to said first named piston for movementtherewith, and a pipe leading from said supply means forconveying air and directing the saine for discharge into said last named casing.

9. An yapparatus of the character described comprising a discharge pipe formed with an air inlet, means communicating With said pipe at one side ofthe air inlet thereof for supplying the same with a liquid, means for discharging air under pressure into said pipe through the air inlet thereof, and a valve in said pipe seated against the Wall thereof to normally close said air inlet While permitting of the liquid passing upwardly past the saine.

10. An apparatus scribed comprising a discharge pipe formed with an air inlet, a valve for normally closingsaid air inlet arranged tohave said pipe constitute. a casing therefor, means for directing air under pressure for discharge into said pipe through said air inlet thereof, and

liquid supply means communicating with said pipe below the Vsaid air. inlet thereof.

. 11. An apparatusof .the character described coniprising a discharge pipe formed -ivithair and liquid inlets arranged one above the other, means pressure for of'said pipe,

for directing air under dischargethrough thel air inlet a liquid supply means commuvalve into said pipe, a casing in communication with the lower portion of said pipe -to receive liquid therefrom, a piston slidably supported in said casing arranged to be lowered by the Weight of the Water in said pipe, means connecting said ...valve with said piston for operation thereby, and means for elevating said piston.

Signed at Seattle, day of October 1907.

WALTER B.y MOORE.

Washington, this 19th Witnesses: v

ARLITA ADAMS, E. W. CRESSMAN.

of the character de' the liquid" inlet of said pipe, av or controlling the discharge lo f air

US40067407A 1907-11-04 1907-11-04 Liquid-impelling apparatus. Expired - Lifetime US925012A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431007A (en) * 1943-12-17 1947-11-18 Charles E Wood Pumping apparatus
US2542855A (en) * 1946-05-25 1951-02-20 Glenn L Martin Co Paint supply system
US2943578A (en) * 1956-12-13 1960-07-05 Megator Pumps Compressor Pumps of the air displacement type
US2976814A (en) * 1958-12-24 1961-03-28 Planck James W Ver Liquid pumping system
US3082698A (en) * 1959-04-09 1963-03-26 Techno Corp Pump operated on pressure differential
US3173379A (en) * 1961-05-11 1965-03-16 Cellular Products Co Means and method of pumping lightweight concrete
US3353711A (en) * 1964-01-31 1967-11-21 Cie Generale D Automatisme Soc Device for the mixing of liquids

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431007A (en) * 1943-12-17 1947-11-18 Charles E Wood Pumping apparatus
US2542855A (en) * 1946-05-25 1951-02-20 Glenn L Martin Co Paint supply system
US2943578A (en) * 1956-12-13 1960-07-05 Megator Pumps Compressor Pumps of the air displacement type
US2976814A (en) * 1958-12-24 1961-03-28 Planck James W Ver Liquid pumping system
US3082698A (en) * 1959-04-09 1963-03-26 Techno Corp Pump operated on pressure differential
US3173379A (en) * 1961-05-11 1965-03-16 Cellular Products Co Means and method of pumping lightweight concrete
US3353711A (en) * 1964-01-31 1967-11-21 Cie Generale D Automatisme Soc Device for the mixing of liquids

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