US921618A - Mechanism for manufacturing parquetry flooring. - Google Patents

Mechanism for manufacturing parquetry flooring. Download PDF

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Publication number
US921618A
US921618A US1908456014A US921618A US 921618 A US921618 A US 921618A US 1908456014 A US1908456014 A US 1908456014A US 921618 A US921618 A US 921618A
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United States
Prior art keywords
strips
means
tracks
fabric
mechanism
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
James J Murdoch
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Dwight Lumber Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27GACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; TOOLS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; SAFETY DEVICES FOR WOOD WORKING MACHINES OR TOOLS
    • B27G11/00Applying adhesives or glue to surfaces of wood to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/0013Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles
    • B27M3/0026Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles characterised by oblong elements connected laterally
    • B27M3/0053Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles characterised by oblong elements connected laterally using glue
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/04Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of flooring elements, e.g. parqueting blocks
    • B27M3/06Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of flooring elements, e.g. parqueting blocks of composite floor plates per se by assembling or jointing the parqueting blocks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/17Surface bonding means and/or assemblymeans with work feeding or handling means
    • Y10T156/1702For plural parts or plural areas of single part
    • Y10T156/1712Indefinite or running length work
    • Y10T156/1722Means applying fluent adhesive or adhesive activator material between layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/17Surface bonding means and/or assemblymeans with work feeding or handling means
    • Y10T156/1702For plural parts or plural areas of single part
    • Y10T156/1712Indefinite or running length work
    • Y10T156/1734Means bringing articles into association with web

Description

J. J. 1111111101111. y MEGEANISM FOR MANUFACTURING PARQUETRY FLOORING.

LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL 013, 19011. 921,618. Patented May11,1909.

J. J. MURDOGH.

MEGHANISM POB. MANUFACTURING PARQUBTRY PLOORNG.

APPLIUATION FILED JULY 15, 1907. RENBWED 001s, 190e.

921 ,61 8. Patented May 11, 1909.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

y JAMES J. MURDOCH, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN; ASSIGNOR TO DWIGHT LUMBER (30., OF

DETROIT, MICHIGAN, A CORPORATION OF MICHIGAN.

MECHANISM FOR 'MANUFACTURING PVARQUETRY FLOORING.

Specieaton of Letters Patent.

Patented May 11, 1909.

; Application inea Juiy 15, 1907, serial No. 383,750. Rennweg number s, 190s. ,serial No. 456,014.

To all whom ttf/nay concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES J. MURnocn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Detroit, in the county of Wayne and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mechanism for Manufacturing Parquetry Flooring, of which the following is a specification.

My invention is designed to rovide mechanism for manufacturing flexi le parquetry flooring or wood carpeting from separable strips of wood. For convenience of handling parquetr flooring vconstructed of multiple pieces o wood, it is well known, that the pieces of wood constituting the flooring, or wood carpeting are usually assembled in a form, and when properly arranged, the pieces constituting the pattern are held tightly together, and coated on the bottom surface thereof with glue or other suitable adhesive substance, a fabric being spread and secured upon the glued surface of the strips, the atterri then being set to dry.

The object of my present invention is t0 provide machinery for assembling and securing together the separable pieces constituting a given form or pattern of the llooring or carpeting. I accomplish my object as hereinafter described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which,

Fi ire 1 is a view in perspective illustrating eatures of my invention. Fig. 2 is a view in vertical longitudinal section. Fig. 3

. is a view in cross section.

The aim'of my invention is to accomplish the above desired results in a simple, economical and superior manner.

In the drawings a represents any suitable l suppot upon which is journaled a driving l sha rovided with a inion c meshing with a gear upon a driven s iaft e, upon which are mounted one or more eccentrics f. A feeding chute or runway is indicated at g to contain the strips h which are to be assembled.

Tliefeeding runway or hopper is located at one extremity of guide-ways or grooved tracks L upon each side of the machine upon which the extremities of the strips h may 3 rest and be automatically moved forward by one from the runway upon said grooved tracks, thereby moving forward all preceding strips u n the tracks simultaneously. Underneat the tracks, and forward of the feeding runway, is a roller Z revolving in a glue pot or chamber m by means of which glue or other suitable adhesive substance is applied to the under surface of the strips h, as they are moved forward. A roll or spool of suitable cloth or other fabric is indicated at n located beneath the tracks, the fabric when unwound from, its spool preferably passing over a tension roller p, and over -a contact roller g, whereby the fabric is brought firmly into .contact w1th the glued under surfaces of the strips and caused to adhere thereto. In advance of the contact roller g are one or more friction brushes r or similar instruments by which the fabric is smoothed out and pressed firmly in place .on the under surface of the strips.

The pressure of the adhesive roller Z may be effected in any suitable manner, as by a weight s upon a cranked end of the roller, the tension of the brushes 1' being also made adjustable,las by a weight t upon an arm u upon which the correspondin brush is engaged. Forward of the tension brushes I prefer to form underneath the tracks a drying chamber o, into which steam pi es w may extend, a blast apparatus being a so referably provided for said chamber, whic may consist of a pipe :c entering said chamber, said pipe connected with a blower y. The extremities of the tracks are preferably curved, as shown in Fig. 1, so that the stri s to which the fabric has been glued will e discharged from the tracks upon a table indicated at z, the reverse side upward. An attendant then simply cuts the fabric transversely between any two adjacent strips, leaving as many pieces or strips as may be desired for a single pattern or form assenibled. The strips thus being separable one from another in the completed flooring enables this severing to be made at any desired point. The curvature of the tracks should be of sufficient length so that the completed lloc shall be discharged therefrom, the clothnsxie uppermost, in order that the workman may separate the strips at any desiredpoint with a knife drawn between any two adjacent strips to form various sections or atterns as vmay be desired.

To holll the strips firmly down upon the ing whenever a roll of fabric gives out.

tracks and so that their adjacent edges shall be ressed so ti htly together so that no glue shal'be s rea( upon their adjacent edges any suitab e means may be employed, as for example, angle irons or pressure shoes 4 located above the extremities of the strips to hold the extremities' of the pieces firmly down upon the tracks. A friction clamping bar 7 is also secured above the pieces intermediate the extremities thereof, said bar being held in place by transverse bars 8. Beneath the pieces of wood toward the forward end of the machine, I prefer, also, to provide a friction clamping device to exert a friction tension upon the strips, a clamping bar 9 being shown bearing against the. strips from beneath, intermediate the extremities thereof. The pressure bar 7 preferably extends directly from the feeding chute or hopper g over and beyond the means for applying the adhesive substance, so that the separable strips or pieces of wood will be sulliciently retarded in their forward movement by the pressure mechanism to cause the advancing mechanism to maintain the adjacent edges of the successive strips in close and firm contact, thereby preventing the penetration of the adhesive substance between the edges of the successive strips.

It will be seen thatthe means for applying the adhesive substance to the under surface of the strips is located below the pressure bar 7. It will be evident also, that the means for applying the fabric to the under surface of the strips is located to perform its function after the application of the adhesive substance.

In Fig. 2, I have shown means for signal- This may be done in any suitable manner, as by a swinging arm 5, one extremity of which rests upon the fabric. When a roll of fabric has been exhausted, the arm 5 will drop, suitable electric mechanism 6 being provided with which the arm 5 forms electrical contact, thereby si naling the attendant.

It will e seen that only two attendants are required in connection with the machine, one to supply the hopper or feeding chute with strips or pieces to be assembled, and another to sever the work at the table z.. The tracks may obviously be of any desired length, the object being to have them of suflicient length to effectually dry the glued fabric upon the strips before it reaches the table z, with or without the heating or drying chamber.

The operation of the device will now be thoroughly understood, and need not be further explained.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. In a machine for assembling separable strips of flexible parquetry flooring, the combination of a frame, a track at each side of the machine upon which the ends of the strips are carried, a feeding chute located at one end of the tracks, mechanism to advance the strips one by one from the bottom of the feeding chute in a flat or horizontal position upon the tracks, means underneath the tracks to .apply an adhesive substance or coating to the cessive strips in close contact with each 4 other and thereby prevent the penetration of the adhesive substance between the edges of the successive strips, the means for applying the adhesive substance being located beneath the pressure means, and the pressure means above the strips extending directly from the feeding chute ast the means for applying the adhesive su stance.

2. In a machine for assembling se arable strips of flexible parquetry flooring, t e combination of a frame, a track at each side of the machine upon which the ends of the strips are carried, a feeding chute located at one end of the tracks, mechanism to advance the strips one by one from the bottom of the feeding chute in a flat or horizontal position upon the tracks, means underneath the tracks to apply an adhesive substance or coating to the under surface only of said pieces, and means to attach a fabric to the coated surface of the separable pieces, said tracks being curved at the extremity thereof opposite the feeding chute to discharge the flexible flooring with the reverse side upward.

3. In a machine for assembling separable strips of llexible parquetry flooring, the combination of a frame, a track upon each side of the frame upon which the ends of the strips are carried, a feeding chute located at one end of the tracks, mechanism to advance the strips one by one from the bottom of the feeding chute in a flat or horizontal position upon the tracks, means underneath the tracks to alpply an adhesive substance or coating to t e under surface of said strips, means to a ply a fabric to the coated surface of t e strips, and means located above and beneath the strips to hold the separable strips down upon the tracks and to hold the edges of said strips firmly in contact so that the strips will be sufficiently retarded by the pressure means to cause the advancing mechanism to press and maintain the successive strips in close contact with each other and thereby prevent the penetration of the adhesive substance between the edges of the successive strips, the means for applying the adhesive substance being located beneath the pressure means, and the pressure means above thc strips extending directly from thc feeding chute )ast the means for applying the adhesive substance.

4. In a machine for assembling separable strips of flexible parquetry flooring, the combination of a fra-lne, a track at each side ol' the machine upon which the ends of thc strips are carried, a feeding chute located at one end of the tracks, mechanism to advance the strips one by one from the bottom of thc feeding chute 1n a flat or horizontal position upon the tracks, means underneath the tracks to apply an adhesive substance or coating to the under surface only of the strips, and means to apply a fabric to the coated surfaces of thc strips, said tracks curved at their discharge ends to discharge the Work with the fabric uppermost, and nessure means bearing upon said strips to iiold the strips down upon the track and to hold the edges of the strips in iirm contact, the means for applying the adhesive substance being located beneath the pressure means. i'

5. In a machine for assembling separable strips of fiexible parquetry fiooring, the combination of a frame, tracks at the sides of the frame upon which the ends of the strips are carried, a feeding chute at one end of the track, means to advance the strips from the bottom of the feeding chute in a flat or horizontal position upon the tracks, means underneath the tracks to a ply an adhesive substance or coating to tfie under surfaces only of said strips, means to apply a fabric to the coated surfaces of the strips, pressure means midway said tracks, and transverse bars engaged at their extremities with the opposite sides of the frame to hold the pressure means in place, said pressure means exerting pressure upon the strips to hohl the edges of the strips in firm contact, the means for applying the adhesive substance being located beneath the pressure bar, the pressure bar extending from the feeding chute past the means for applying the adhesive substance.

6. In a machine for assembling separable strips of flexible parquetry flooring, the combination of a frame, a track at each side of the frame, a feeding chute, mechanism to advance'the strips from the feeding chute upon the tracks, means to apply an adhesive substance or coating to the under surfaces only of said strips, means to exert a tension u on said mechanism, a contact roller to app y a fabric to the coated surfaces of the strips, means to exert a tension upon said contact roller, pressure means bearing upon the strips to hold the edges of the strips tightly together at the front of the'machine, a contact brush by which the. applied fabric is pressed firmly in place, and' means to exert a tension upon said brush, the means for" ap- )eneath the pressure bar, the pressure lbar` ,extending from the feeding chute ast the means for applying the adhesive su stance.

7. 1n a machine for assembling separable strips of flexible parquetry flooring, the combination of a support provided with a track at each side thereof, upon which the' extremities of the strips are carried, a driving shaft journaled upon the support, a pinion upon said shaft, a driven shaft provided with a gear meshing with said pinlon, a feeding chute located at one end of the tracks, a pressure bar eccentrically connected with said gear to move forward the strips one by one from the base of said chute upon said tracks, means underneath the tracks to a ply an adhesive substance or coating to t 1e under surfaces only of said strips as they are advanced upon the tracks, means to apply the fabric to the separable coated surfaces of the strips, and pressure means to hold the edges of the separable strips firmly together upon the tracks, the means for a plying the adhesive substance being located beneath the pressure bar, the pressure bar extending from the feeding chute past the means for applying the adhesive substance.

8. In a machine for assembling separable strips of flexible parquetry fiooring, the combination of a frame, a track at each side of the machine upon which the ends of the strips are carried a feeding chute, mechanism to advance the strips one by one from the bottom of the feeding chute in a flat or horizontal osition upon the tracks, means underneat the tracks to a ply an adhesive substance or coating to t e under surfaces only of said strips as they are advanced, means to apply a fabric to the separable surfaces of the strips after the adhesive substance has been applied, and means to press the fabric irmly in place on the under side of the se arable strips.

9. n a mechanism for assembling separable strips of liexible parquetry flooring, the combination of a frame, a track at each side of the machine upon which the ends of the strips are carried a feeding chute located at one end of the tracks, mechanism to advance the strips one by one from the bottom of the feeding chute in a flat or horizontal position upon the tracks, means underneath the tracks to apply an adhesive substance or coating to the under surfaces only of said strips as they are advanced, means to apply a fabric to the separable surfaces of the stri s after the adhesive substance has been a p ed, means to press the fabric firmly in p ace on the under side of the separable strips and pressure means bearing against said strips to hold the edges of said stri s firmly in contact so that the strips will e stance being locate suiciently retarded by the pressure means to cause the advancing mechanism to press and maintain the successive stri s in close contact with each other and there y prevent the penetration of the adhesive su stance between the edges of the successive strips, the means for appl 'ng the adhesive subbeneath the pressure means, and the pressure means above the l0 strips extending directly from the feeding chute past the means for applying the adhe- JAMES J. MURDOCII.

Witnesses: y

ROMAN A. BIssELL, E. M. SPIELBING.

US1908456014 1908-10-03 1908-10-03 Mechanism for manufacturing parquetry flooring. Expired - Lifetime US921618A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2453185A (en) * 1943-09-10 1948-11-09 Steinway & Sons Apparatus for edge-gluing strip elements
US2617321A (en) * 1947-06-16 1952-11-11 Roddis Plywood Corp Machine for forming cores for veneered doors
US2692625A (en) * 1950-08-09 1954-10-26 Elliott Bay Mill Co Machine for applying tacking strips to multiple piece wooden cores
US2771923A (en) * 1952-05-24 1956-11-27 Torwegge Maschf F Veneer joining machine
US2821221A (en) * 1953-03-19 1958-01-28 Jacquier Max Pierre Automatic machine for assembling, in the form of panels, laths and similar elements
US2908600A (en) * 1951-09-24 1959-10-13 Frederick A Nicholson Method and apparatus for forming lumber boards from varying lengths of short waste units
US2934110A (en) * 1957-01-29 1960-04-26 Shakertown Corp Apparatus for making shingle panels
US2961021A (en) * 1957-06-18 1960-11-22 Wood Products Dev Company Inc Method of and apparatus for making parquet flooring blocks

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2453185A (en) * 1943-09-10 1948-11-09 Steinway & Sons Apparatus for edge-gluing strip elements
US2617321A (en) * 1947-06-16 1952-11-11 Roddis Plywood Corp Machine for forming cores for veneered doors
US2692625A (en) * 1950-08-09 1954-10-26 Elliott Bay Mill Co Machine for applying tacking strips to multiple piece wooden cores
US2908600A (en) * 1951-09-24 1959-10-13 Frederick A Nicholson Method and apparatus for forming lumber boards from varying lengths of short waste units
US2771923A (en) * 1952-05-24 1956-11-27 Torwegge Maschf F Veneer joining machine
US2821221A (en) * 1953-03-19 1958-01-28 Jacquier Max Pierre Automatic machine for assembling, in the form of panels, laths and similar elements
US2934110A (en) * 1957-01-29 1960-04-26 Shakertown Corp Apparatus for making shingle panels
US2961021A (en) * 1957-06-18 1960-11-22 Wood Products Dev Company Inc Method of and apparatus for making parquet flooring blocks

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