US9169A - Mitchell c - Google Patents

Mitchell c Download PDF

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Publication number
US9169A
US9169A US9169DA US9169A US 9169 A US9169 A US 9169A US 9169D A US9169D A US 9169DA US 9169 A US9169 A US 9169A
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Prior art keywords
chasers
disk
screw
plate
bevel
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B29/00Holders for non-rotary cutting tools; Boring bars or boring heads; Accessories for tool holders
    • B23B29/03Boring heads
    • B23B29/034Boring heads with tools moving radially, e.g. for making chamfers or undercuttings
    • B23B29/03403Boring heads with tools moving radially, e.g. for making chamfers or undercuttings radially adjustable before starting manufacturing
    • B23B29/03407Boring heads with tools moving radially, e.g. for making chamfers or undercuttings radially adjustable before starting manufacturing by means of screws and nuts
    • B23B29/0341Cartridges
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/83Tool-support with means to move Tool relative to tool-support
    • Y10T408/85Tool-support with means to move Tool relative to tool-support to move radially
    • Y10T408/858Moving means including wedge, screw or cam

Definitions

  • Fig. t represents side view, showing the graduation for adjusting and regulating t-he size of the screw to be cut.
  • Fig. 5 represents a transverse section through the red line or x of Fig. 2.
  • my invention consists in arranging an adjustable band on which the index is lettered for adjusting the index to the chasers, the same being adjustable to the wear of the chasers or to chasers of different lengths, and in combination with suitable apparatus for causing said chasers to approach or recede from a common center.
  • the machine may be made entirely of metal.
  • the bottom plate, A is provided with lugs at each of its four corners, through which may passscrew-boltsforfastening it tothe face-plate of' a lathe or ot-her equivalent machine, and has an opening through its center surrounded by a circular flange, B, which rises up to near the top of the cap-piece.
  • rlhe circular flange B is provided with aseries of sunken slots, a, of which there may be any suitable number, (four being shown in the drawings) in which the square part ofthe chasers D rest and are supported.
  • a disk, E On the bottom plate, A, is placed a disk, E, which turns freely around the circular flange B of said bottom plate, and which disk is provided with a circle of beveled cogs, b, for operating the chasers, as will be hereinafter described; and it is also further provided with a graduation or scale on its periphery, as seen in Fig. 4, for the purposes of adjustment.
  • the plate F Over the disk Eis placed the plate F, which is countersunk to receive the rear end of the chasers, and form a support for them. It is also provided with openings c, through which the bevel-spur wheels Gr may protrude, so as to mesh into and be operated by the gear b below.
  • a graduated band, 4 On the periphery of the plate F is placed a graduated band, 4which extends down onto and covers a part ofthe periphery of the disk E, which band is secured to the plate F by means of the set-screw c.
  • the chasers are resharpened, or when a different set of chasers are placed in the machine, a gage should be held in the opening in the center of the machine and the chasers run out until they come in contact with it.
  • the set-screw c is then loosened and theligures on the graduated band set to correspond with the figures on the disk E, so that said band or the scale thereon shall be the guide for adjusting or setting the chasers. It is intended that when the thread is cut, which is entirely accomplished by ruiming the blank forward, that the chasers shall be run back to allow it to be taken out, instead of running it backward through the chasers again,which often cuts off or destroys the thread.
  • This bevel-spur H rotates the plate below it, which in turn gives motion to the bevelspurs G,which have a female screw cut through their centers, and by which they run upon a male screw cut on the chasers, so that as the bevel-gears G are rotated they either (accord ing to the direction in which they move) run in or out the chasers, so as to diminish or en large the size of the screw, the machine herein represented being capable of cutting screws from one-fourth of an inch to two inches in diameter, but may be made either larger or smaller.
  • the bevel-gear on each of them should he run A up to the shoulder on the ehaser, and in this position should be placed in their seats. rlhis insures, if the points are always at the same distance from the shoulder as they should be, a uniform starting-point for all the chasers, so that afterward they shall always preserve the same relative position to the screw or bla-nk whether run forward or back.
  • rlhe cap is also countersunk so as to tit over the rear ofthe chasers, thus holding them at front and rear, while they may be adjusted or run back or forth by the screwbevel wheels placed on and working into similar screws cut upon the Shanks of the chasers.
  • the thread ofthe screw may be cut close up to a shoulder, which cannot be done by chasingwhecls, these being limited in their operation also to the curve or concave upon the edge of the Wheels, while the chasers herein repre-v sented are not limited to any size of screw.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Turning (AREA)

Description

MITCHELL C. GARDNER, OF BROCKIORT,
trice.
IMPROVEMENT IN ADJUSTING THE CHASERS lN SCREW-CUTTING STOSKS.
S celicaton forming part of Letters Patent No. 9, B69, dated August 3, ISS?.
To all whom it may concer/L:
Be it known that I, MITCHELL C. GARDNER, of Brockport, in the county of Monroe and State of NewYork, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Screw- Cutting Machines; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description vof the same, reference beinghad to the aecon1- panying drawings, making a part thereof', in which- Figure 1 represents a top view of' the machine with the cutting-points ofthe chasers omitted. Fig. 3 represents a top view of the machine with the top plate removed, and sh'owing the position ofthe chasers. Fig. 3 repre sents the disk upon the bottom plate, upon which disk is cast the bevel-gear for operating the bevel-spur wheels upon the chasers for moving them forward and back. Fig. t represents side view, showing the graduation for adjusting and regulating t-he size of the screw to be cut. Fig. 5 represents a transverse section through the red line or x of Fig. 2.
Similar letters in the several figures repre sent the same parts.
rlhe nature of my invention consists in arranging an adjustable band on which the index is lettered for adjusting the index to the chasers, the same being adjustable to the wear of the chasers or to chasers of different lengths, and in combination with suitable apparatus for causing said chasers to approach or recede from a common center.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe the same with reference to the drawings.
The machine may be made entirely of metal. The bottom plate, A, is provided with lugs at each of its four corners, through which may passscrew-boltsforfastening it tothe face-plate of' a lathe or ot-her equivalent machine, and has an opening through its center surrounded by a circular flange, B, which rises up to near the top of the cap-piece. rlhe circular flange B is provided with aseries of sunken slots, a, of which there may be any suitable number, (four being shown in the drawings) in which the square part ofthe chasers D rest and are supported.
On the bottom plate, A, is placed a disk, E, which turns freely around the circular flange B of said bottom plate, and which disk is provided with a circle of beveled cogs, b, for operating the chasers, as will be hereinafter described; and it is also further provided with a graduation or scale on its periphery, as seen in Fig. 4, for the purposes of adjustment.
Over the disk Eis placed the plate F, which is countersunk to receive the rear end of the chasers, and form a support for them. It is also provided with openings c, through which the bevel-spur wheels Gr may protrude, so as to mesh into and be operated by the gear b below. On the periphery of the plate F is placed a graduated band, 4which extends down onto and covers a part ofthe periphery of the disk E, which band is secured to the plate F by means of the set-screw c. XVhen the chasers are resharpened, or when a different set of chasers are placed in the machine, a gage should be held in the opening in the center of the machine and the chasers run out until they come in contact with it. The set-screw c is then loosened and theligures on the graduated band set to correspond with the figures on the disk E, so that said band or the scale thereon shall be the guide for adjusting or setting the chasers. It is intended that when the thread is cut, which is entirely accomplished by ruiming the blank forward, that the chasers shall be run back to allow it to be taken out, instead of running it backward through the chasers again,which often cuts off or destroys the thread. There is also an opening through the disk F for the spur Abevel-wheel H, which has its journals resting in said plate or disk, and which is furnished, where it projects beyond the periphery of the plate, with a square shank, f, for receiving a crank for operating it. This bevel-spur H rotates the plate below it, which in turn gives motion to the bevelspurs G,which have a female screw cut through their centers, and by which they run upon a male screw cut on the chasers, so that as the bevel-gears G are rotated they either (accord ing to the direction in which they move) run in or out the chasers, so as to diminish or en large the size of the screw, the machine herein represented being capable of cutting screws from one-fourth of an inch to two inches in diameter, but may be made either larger or smaller. Vhen the disk E is in place and the chasers with their bevel-gears, Sie., properly arranged, the cap I is put on and secured by screws l 2 3 4, which pass down into holes cut one half in the circular projecting iiange B of the bottom plate, the other half eut in the top plate itself, and which holds the cap I and disk F perfectly tight, the plate underneath them and next above the bottom plate, A, turning freely around the circular projectiomas above mentioned, and which forms its center. rlhe chasers as heretofore represented are for cutting angular threads; but others for cutting a square thread may be substituted, the ma chine being capable of such substitution.
Before placing the chasers in the machine the bevel-gear on each of them should he run A up to the shoulder on the ehaser, and in this position should be placed in their seats. rlhis insures, if the points are always at the same distance from the shoulder as they should be, a uniform starting-point for all the chasers, so that afterward they shall always preserve the same relative position to the screw or bla-nk whether run forward or back. There are projections f/ on the under side of the cap-piece I which fit into the slots a and rest upon the top of the chasers, which gives them a firm position in their seats. rlhe cap is also countersunk so as to tit over the rear ofthe chasers, thus holding them at front and rear, while they may be adjusted or run back or forth by the screwbevel wheels placed on and working into similar screws cut upon the Shanks of the chasers.
In using the straight and pointed chasers the thread ofthe screw may be cut close up to a shoulder, which cannot be done by chasingwhecls, these being limited in their operation also to the curve or concave upon the edge of the Wheels, while the chasers herein repre-v sented are not limited to any size of screw.
I do not claim the index; but
That l. do claim is l. The adjustable band d, Fig. 4, and d 1.7, Fig. 5, on which the index is lettered for adjusting the index to the chasers, the same being adjustable to the iwear of the Chaser or chasers of different lengths, and in combination with suitable apparatus for causing said chasers to approach and recede from a common center 'l'or the purposes stated.
2. The shaft Hf, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, and pinion H, Fig. 2, in combination with pinions G G (fr (t, Fig. 2, and the bevel-gear wheel E, Fig. 3, at the outer end of Which shaft is attached a crank' to drive the bevelgear wheel E, Fig. 3, as hereinbei'ore set forth and described, and for the purposes Stated.
M. C. GARDNER.
VJitnesses:
A. B. SroUmrroN, S. C. DoXN.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4099576A (en) * 1977-06-27 1978-07-11 Borg-Warner Corporation High-speed agricultural disc
US5816931A (en) * 1997-06-02 1998-10-06 Schooler; Paul T. Adjustable golf putter
US20170293371A1 (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-12 Chi Hsiang Optics Co., Ltd. Optical film and user input system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4099576A (en) * 1977-06-27 1978-07-11 Borg-Warner Corporation High-speed agricultural disc
US5816931A (en) * 1997-06-02 1998-10-06 Schooler; Paul T. Adjustable golf putter
US20170293371A1 (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-12 Chi Hsiang Optics Co., Ltd. Optical film and user input system

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