US885109A - Screw-propeller. - Google Patents

Screw-propeller. Download PDF

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Publication number
US885109A
US885109A US28557105A US1905285571A US885109A US 885109 A US885109 A US 885109A US 28557105 A US28557105 A US 28557105A US 1905285571 A US1905285571 A US 1905285571A US 885109 A US885109 A US 885109A
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Prior art keywords
boss
propeller
blades
screw
tapered
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Expired - Lifetime
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US28557105A
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Thomas Frederick John Truss
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Thomas Frederick John Truss
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Priority to US28557105A priority Critical patent/US885109A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H1/00Propulsive elements directly acting on water
    • B63H1/02Propulsive elements directly acting on water of rotary type
    • B63H1/12Propulsive elements directly acting on water of rotary type with rotation axis substantially in propulsive direction
    • B63H1/14Propellers
    • B63H1/28Other means for improving propeller efficiency
    • Y02E10/721

Description

no samlo's. PATENTBD APR.21,1908.

TI F JI SCREW PROPEL-LBR. I

APPLICATION nun 11011.2. 1905.

' z'snnnrs-snnm 1.

THE "cums PETERS ca, wAsnmzmm, p. c.

THOMAS FREDERICK JOHN TRUSS, OF LONDON, ENGLAND.

SCREW-PROPELLER.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented April 21, 1908.

Application filed November 2, 1905. Serial No. 285,571.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS FREDERICK JOHN TRUSS, a subject of the Kin of England, and a resident of London, in England, have invented certain new anduseful Improvements in Screw-Propellers, of which the following is a s ecification.

This invention re ates to a screw propeller which at its peri hery has a greater area of blade than has eretofore been customary, combined with an elongated boss having a spherical or barreled central portion with pointed or tapered ends and serving to direct the stream lines from the forward end of the boss outward towards the circumference of the blade. This boss also acts to increase the efficiency of the propeller by aflording a surface by means of which the stream lines closing in upon the after end of the ropeller will exert a forward thrust on the fioss and incidentally reduce the resistance of the rowhich an individu peller to rotation. Moreover, the emp oyment of a boss of this kind with a continuous blade or two or more such blades thereon will tend to prevent or partially prevent cavitation.

According to this invention the improved propeller comprises the combination withan elongated boss having tapered ends of a screw blade thereon that is continuous through at least a reater angle than that af blade on an ordinary propeller occupies; preferably in the improved ropeller the blade should be continuous or a complete turn or more. Such a propeller may have two or more such blades thereon. Each blade may be of gradually diminishing radius at the leading end or at both ends, or curved at its leadin end or at both ends, or otherwise modified at difierent parts of its length in pitch or in diameter or in both.

A feature of this invention. is that the blade is constructed of sheets or laminae one behind another to produce a blade of a thickness that is stepped or graduated from the tip towards the boss, the several laminae being preferably flanged near the boss and the several flanges being concentric with one another and all bolted or otherwise secured to the boss.

When two or more of the improved propellers according to this invention are applied to the same ship, they are preferab y set out of phase with one another so as to prevent undue vibration.

In the accompanying drawingsFigure 1 is a side view, and Fig. 2 an end view of a propeller illustrating a method of construction according to this invention.

The propeller is built up of sheets or laminae D placed one behind another. Each lamina is tapered from the tip towards the boss and the laminae are set at an angle to one another so as to form the helix in the well known way. Each lamina has a portion D of increased width at the center so as to form a boss through which the shaft may pass, and in order that this boss may be tapered in accordance with this invention the boss sections are formed of increasing diameter towards the center of the propeller. To render the blades curved at the ends, the laminae decrease in length towards the ends and in order that the pitch of the screw may be modified, for example, so as to increase the pitch towards the after end, the angle between the successive laminae may be increased, as shown at the left in Fig. 1 and in Fig. 2, or decreased as shown at the right in Fig. 1.

The elon ated boss has a tapered end at the forward end which serves to direct the stream lines from the leading end of the boss towards the circumference of the blade. The effect of this is that the water entering the propeller will be directed towards the circumference where its component of pressure on the blade in a circumferential direction will have the maximum effect in balancing the rotational resistance of the water on the other side of the propeller. Certain stream lines also will impinge directly on the propeller and will operate with angular velocity on the non-propelling faces of the blades, to counterbalance the rotational resistance of the propeller. In order that fluid may not pass through between the blades of the propeller without impinging on the nonpropelling faces, the blades are of such dimensions that there is no complete interval between the turns of blades in end view. The boss has also a tapered end at the after end which acts to increase the efficiency of the propeller by affording a surface by means of which the stream lines closing in upon the after end of the propeller will exert a forward thrust on the boss and incidentally reduce the resistance of the propeller to rotation. The term elongated employed in this specification-as applied to the boss, indicates that the boss is of considerable length compared with the boss of an ordinary propeller.

The blades may be more or less inclined to the axis of the propeller at one or both ends. The laminae may be flanged near the boss and the several flanges may be concentric with. one another and all bolted or otherwise secured to the boss. The edges of the laminae may be trimmed so as to produce a propeller having smooth surfaces tapering towards the periphery. If it be desired to produce more than two blades, say three or four blades, the laminae are formed with three, four or more arms, as required.

It is to be understood that the propellers constructed in accordance with this invention may be used in any medium and their application is not confined to ships.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. In a screw propeller the combination of an elongated boss tapered at the ends and screw blades thereon of such a length that there is no complete interval between the turns in end view, such boss and blades comprising a series of laminae each having arms and central shaft-receiving boss portions secured together in such relation to one another as to form helicoidal blades, each lamina being tapered from the tip toward the boss.

2. In a screw propeller the combination of an elongated boss tapered at the ends and a plurality of screw blades thereon of such a length that there is no complete interval between the blades in end View, such boss and blades comprising a series ol" lamime each having as many arms as there are blades to'the propeller and central shaft-receiving boss portions of varying diameter secured together to form the tapering boss, each lamina being tapered from the tip toward the boss.

3. In a screw propeller the combination of an elongated boss tapered. at the ends and screw blades thereon that are varied in pitch towards the end and are of such a length that there is no complete interval between the turns in end view, such boss and blades comprising a series of laminae each having arms and central shalt-receiving boss portions secured together in such relation to one plurality of screw blades thereon that arevaried in pitch towards the end and are ol' such a length that there is no complete interval between the blades in end view, such boss and blades comprising a series of lamimo each having as many arms as there are blades to the propeller and central shalt-receiving boss portions of varyii'ig diameter securml together to form the tapering boss, each lamina being tapered from the tip toward the boss portion.

5. In a screw propeller the combination of an elongated boss tapered at the ends and screw blades thereon that are varied in pitch towards the end and inclined to the axis of the propeller at the end and are ol such a length that there is no complete interval between the turns in, end view, such boss and blades comprising a series of lamime each having arms and central shalt receiving boss portions secured together in such relation to one another as to l'orm a helicoidal blade, each lamina being tapered l'rom the tip toward the boss. I

6. In a screw propeller the combination of an elongated boss tapered at the ends and a plurality of screw blades thereon that are varied in pitch towards the end and inclined to the axis of the propeller at the end and are of such a length that there is no complete interval between the blades in end view, such boss and blades comprising a series ol laminae each having as many arms as there are blades to the propeller and central shaltreceiving boss portions oi varying diameter secured together to form the tapering boss, each lamina being tapered from the tip toward the boss.

In testimony whereol I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

Witnesses H. 1). JAMESON, FREDK. L. RAND.

US28557105A 1905-11-02 1905-11-02 Screw-propeller. Expired - Lifetime US885109A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2895722A (en) * 1956-08-20 1959-07-21 Everett D Hunkins Concrete mixer
US3706511A (en) * 1971-04-06 1972-12-19 Atomic Energy Commission Laminated plastic propeller
US4480927A (en) * 1982-05-28 1984-11-06 Butler Manufacturing Company Mixing apparatus and auger therefor
US5290150A (en) * 1991-10-17 1994-03-01 Ebara Corporation Screw rotor comprising a plurality of thin plates
US20060032361A1 (en) * 2004-08-10 2006-02-16 1592834 Ontario Inc. Wind turbine assembly
US20160003248A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-01-07 Eaton Corporation Low inertia laminated rotor
US20170101989A1 (en) * 2014-03-12 2017-04-13 Eaton Corporation Methods for making a low inertia laminated rotor
US10208656B2 (en) 2012-11-20 2019-02-19 Eaton Intelligent Power Limited Composite supercharger rotors and methods of construction thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2895722A (en) * 1956-08-20 1959-07-21 Everett D Hunkins Concrete mixer
US3706511A (en) * 1971-04-06 1972-12-19 Atomic Energy Commission Laminated plastic propeller
US4480927A (en) * 1982-05-28 1984-11-06 Butler Manufacturing Company Mixing apparatus and auger therefor
US5290150A (en) * 1991-10-17 1994-03-01 Ebara Corporation Screw rotor comprising a plurality of thin plates
US5377407A (en) * 1991-10-17 1995-01-03 Ebara Corporation Screw rotor and method of manufacturing the same
US20060032361A1 (en) * 2004-08-10 2006-02-16 1592834 Ontario Inc. Wind turbine assembly
US10208656B2 (en) 2012-11-20 2019-02-19 Eaton Intelligent Power Limited Composite supercharger rotors and methods of construction thereof
US20160003248A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-01-07 Eaton Corporation Low inertia laminated rotor
US9932983B2 (en) * 2013-03-15 2018-04-03 Eaton Intelligent Power Limited Low inertia laminated rotor
US20170101989A1 (en) * 2014-03-12 2017-04-13 Eaton Corporation Methods for making a low inertia laminated rotor

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