US880996A - Railway safety apparatus. - Google Patents

Railway safety apparatus. Download PDF

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Publication number
US880996A
US880996A US38377607A US1907383776A US880996A US 880996 A US880996 A US 880996A US 38377607 A US38377607 A US 38377607A US 1907383776 A US1907383776 A US 1907383776A US 880996 A US880996 A US 880996A
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Prior art keywords
valve
lever
rod
casing
piston
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US38377607A
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Ralph H Hunt
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Ralph H Hunt
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L3/00Devices along the route for controlling devices on the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. to release brake, to operate a warning signal
    • B61L3/02Devices along the route for controlling devices on the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. to release brake, to operate a warning signal at selected places along the route, e.g. intermittent control simultaneous mechanical and electrical control
    • B61L3/04Devices along the route for controlling devices on the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. to release brake, to operate a warning signal at selected places along the route, e.g. intermittent control simultaneous mechanical and electrical control controlling mechanically

Description

PATENTED MAR. 3
R. H. HUNT.
RAILWAY SAFETY APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 15.1907.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 ATTORNEYS PATENTBD MAR. 3, 1908.
R. H HUNT.
RAILWAY SAFETY APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 15. 1907.
2 SHEETS-*SHEET 2.
N NQN m mar WITNESSES AFTOHNEYS- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
RALPH H. HUNT, OF CHELSEA, NEW YORK.
I RAILWAY SAFETY APPARATUS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, RALPH H. HUNT, a citizen of the. United States, and a resident of Chelsea, in the countv of Dutchess and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Railway Safetv Apparatus, of Whlcll the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to safety a aratus designed to be used in connection'vnt track devices for controlling a locomotive, and has for its object to provide means simple in com struction, positive and effective in operation, and adapted to automatically shut off the a p y the air brakes when a track device or o truction is met in the path of the engine adjacent to the rail. s
Other objects relating to the specific construction and special arrangement of the 7 several parts of m invention will be understood from the ollowing description and accompanying drawings, in which drawings like characters of reference indicate like parts throughout the views, and wherein Figure 1 represents a diagrammatic new of a device embodying my invention applied to a locomotive; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the device shown in F 1; and Fig. 3 is a plan of the same partly in horizontal section.
As illustrated in the drawings, 1 represents a base plate attached to a locomotive upon which is mounted in any suitable manner a valve casing 2 provided with an inlet port 3 and an outlet port 4. The casing ma be of any suitable construction, but is pre erably made conical and adapted to receive a round valve 5 having a beveled edge and arranged within the casing and mounted u on a valve rod'fi. This valve rod extends t rough the opposite ends of the casing and stufhng boxes connected therewith, and is preferably provided with a collar 7 fixedly attached thereto; adapted to travel in a cylinder 8 formed on the head of the valve casing and rovided with a gland 9 attached to said cy inder in any suitable manner. A spring 10 is mounted upon the valve rod 6 and hours at one end against the collar 7, and at its opposite end against the gland 9 so as to normally press the valve rod backward and bring the periphery of the valve 5 in contact with the inner surface of the casing 2, thereby shutting off the supply of steam through the outletrplort 4.
einlet port 3 is connected in anysuitable sup lyof steam to an engine cylinder and.
Specification of Letters Patent; Patented March 3, 1908. Application filed July is,
1907. Serial li'o. 383,776.
manner with a steam supply pipe 11, and the outlet fort 4 is connected wit a supply pipe 12 lea ing from said port to the cylinder of the engine. The valve rod 6 is provided on its forward end with a head having a notch 13, and an inclined upper surface 14. The notch 13 of said head engages the off-set end 15 of a lever 16, which is mounted at 17 upon a bracket or standard 18. The end of the lever 16 opposite to that engaging the head of the valve stem is connected by means of a spring 19 with the bed plate 1 or other fixed ob ect, so as to normally hold down that end layer in engagement with the notch 13 of the head of the valve stem. The lever 16 is preferably pivoted une ually of its length and the short arm of said ever engages a trip ing device mounted upon a shaft 20, whic. is journale'd in any suitable manner upon a bracket or support 21. The tripping device is preferably provided with arms 22 extending in diverging lines from the shaft 20 so as to form a broad bearing for the short end of the lever 16. The tripping device is also provided with arms 23 extending in 0p osite directions and enga ing the upper ends of links 24, the lower en s of said links hearing against a cross bar 25 which is attached to a rock shaft 26 mounted i i ppn a fixed plate in any suitable manner. e rock shaft 26 is provided with a trip lever 27 wh ch is adapted to be arranged in close proximity to a track device when the apparatus is in use. Spiral springs 28 are attached to the rock shaft 26, one ri ht handed and the other left handed, and thereby adapted to hold the rock arm 27 against free movement in any direction. A lever 29 arranged transversely of-the valve rod 6 is pivotally' mounted upon a standard or bracket 30, and provided on one end with an inclined face 31 adapted to bear against the inclined surface 1-1 of the head of the valve stem. The opposite end of said lever engages the notched end 32 of a iston rod 33 which may be mounted to move in a guide-way or support 34. A piston 35 IS secured to the inner end of said rod and moves within a cylinder 36 having helical by means of lugs 38 formed on said cylinder. The outer or free end of the piston rod 33 1S pivotally connected with a lev er 39 by means of a pin 40, and the lever 39 1s fixedly attached to the stem 41 of an air valve 42 havof the lever and keep the oil-set end 15 of said springs 37 connected therewith, preferably iug connected therewith a pipe 43 leading a coop from an air cylinder 44.and a pipe 45 leadin to an auxiliary air cylinder, not shown. cross head 46 is attached to the piston rod 33 having arms of unequal length, the longer arm being bifurcated so as to enga e the valve rod. A'collar 47 is fixedly attac ed to the valve rod 6 and providcd'witha pin 48 which is engaged b the bifurcated ends 49 of a lever 50 pivotal y mounted upon the bed plate 1, or otherwise supported. connects the lever 50 with an operating lever 52 arranged within the cab of theengine.
lNhen the device is in operation and a track device is arranged in the ath of the trip lever 27, said lever is moved aterall by means of the track device, thereby roc 'ng the shalt 26 and raisin one end of the cross bar mounted on sai shaft. The upward movement of that end of the cross bar causes a corresponding upward movement of the link or connecting rod 24 adjacent thereto,
thereby rocking the tripping device mounted on the shaft 20 and raising the short arm of the lever 16 against the tension of the spring 19. The n ward movement of that end of the lever, epresses the o posite end of the lever 16 and releases the 0 -set end 15 of said lever from engagement with the notch 13 in the head connected with the valve rod 6. As soon as the head of the valve rod is re leased from eng mutant with the off-set. end
of the lever 16, t e spring 10 within the cyl inder 8 forces the valve rod inward, carrying with it the valve 5, which bears a ainst the inner conical wall of the casing, an prevents steam from assing through the inlet port 3 and out of t e outlet ort 4 into the steam chest of the engine. he supply of steam is thereby entirely shut oil from the engine. As the valve rod 6 is moved backward bythe spring 10, the arm adjacent thereto of the lever 29, is raised by coming in contact with the inclined surface 14 of the head of the valve stem, thereby depressing the opposite arm of said lever and releasing it from the notch 32 of the piston rod 33, which norn. :liy holds the piston rod outward against the tension of the 8 rings 37. When the piston rod is released om engagement with the lever 29, the springs 37 draw the cross head 46 backward together with the piston rod 33 and piston 35, and operate the arm 39 of the air valve 42 so as to set the brakes. The piston 35 fits loosely into the interior of the cylinder 36, so that as the piston 35 is moved backward it forms a cushion adapted to prevent the air valves from being set too quickly, and allows the air to escape gradually, and the air brakes to be applicdwithout unnecessary shocks or s1 rains.
After the apparatus has been onun-rated and it is desired to rvvt the parts, the
valve connected with illt' mam supply pipe is shut off in the cab, in huh case the pressure of the steam on ppwzlc sides of the A link 51' valve 5 becomes equalized and the valve stem'fi drawn forward and out .vard by the lever 52 in the cab of the engine, the connecting link 51 and the pivoted lever 50. As the head of the valve stem is brought in engagement with the oil-set end 15 of the lever 16, it becomes automatically connected therewith because of the spring 19 holding down the short arm of the lever 16, and consequently holding up the op osite end of said lever in engagement with t e, notched head of the valve rod. This forward movement of the valve rod also carries with it the cross head 46 which freely connected with the valve stem, and as the cross head 46 is drawn forward by the valve stem and the collar 47 mounted thereon, it carries with it the piston rod 33 and brings the notched forward end of said rod in engagement with one of the arms of the lever 2.), thereby locking said piston rodin engagement with said lever and against the tension of the springs 37', leaving the apparatus in position to o crate as before.
This apparatus is designe to be used in connection withtrack devices arranged at trolled by an operator om a central station, thereby enabling an operator to stop a train on the road when necessary inde ndently of the person in charge thereof. he track devices may be of any suitable construction, and'so constructed and arranged as to operate automatically instead of being der the control of a station operator.
In the construction herein shown and described, I have embodied my invention in its preferred form. I do not desire to be limited to said construction. however, as other means having similar ca abilities may be used without departing om the spirit and scope of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Patent:
1. The combination with a steam valve casing rovided with inlet and outlet ports, of a valve mounted in the casing, a rod sethe valve ro mechanism adapted to release said lever from engagement with the valve rod, and means for re-tracting the valve in the casing when the valve rod is released.
2. The combination with a valve casing provided with inlet and outlet ports, of a valve mounted in the casing, a rod secured at one end to said valve, a pivoted lever having a locking engagement with the other and of said rod, a spring adapted to normally hold the end of said lever in engagement with the end of the valve rod, and means for operating the end of said lever against the tension of said spring to release the lever from ongagmucnt uith the valve rod.
3. Th! combination w th a valve casing desired intervals alon the track, and con Letters cured at one end to the valve, a lever havinga locking en agement with the other end of provided with inlet and outlet ports, of a valve mounted in the casing, a rod secured at one end to said valve, :1 pivoted lever having a locking engagement with the other end of the valve rod, means for normally holding said lever in engagement with said rod,- a shaft provided with rock arms adapted to engage one end of said lever, and a trip lever connected with and adapted to operate said rock arm.
4. The combination with a conical casing provided with inlet and. outlet ports, of a round valve inonnted in the casing and provided with a beveled edge, a rod secured at one end to said valve, a lever having a looking engagementwith the other end of the said rod, a spring adapted to retract said rod within the casing, means for holding said rod in a rojected position against the tension of sai spring, and a trip lever and connecting mechanism adapted to release said valve rod so as to be operated by said spring.
' 5. The combination with a conical casing provided with inlet and, outlet ports, of a round valve mounted in the casing and provided with a beveled edge, a valve rod secured at one end to said valve, a spring adapted to close said valve against the wall of the casing, mechanism for retracting the edge of said valve from the wall of the casing, means for holding the valve in its retracted position, a trip lever and mechanism connected therewith adapted to release said valve and enable it to be controlled by said s ring.
6. he combination with a conical casing provided with inlet and outlet ports, of a valve mounted within the casing and pro- ,vided with a beveled edge, a rod secured at one end to said valve, a pivoted lever having a locking engagement with the other end of said rod, a trip lever held in'a normal position by means of springs, and connecting mechanism between said trip lever and pivoted lever adapted to release the pivoted lever from engagement with the valve rod.
7; The combination with a 'conical casing provided with inlet and outlet orts, of a round "alve mounted in th cyinder and provided with a beveled edge, a rod secured at one end to said valve and provided on its other end with an off-set, a pivoted lever provided with an off-set on aging the corresponding end of the valve ro a spring holding said lever in engagement with said rod, a trip lever held in a "normal position by spring tension, and mechanism connected with said trip lever adapted to release the valve rod in engagement with the pivoted lever.
L 8. The combination with a conical casing provided with inlet and outlet ports, of a round valve mounted in said casing and rovided with a beveled edge, a rod secure at one end to said valve and provided with a. beveled head onits other end, a. cylinder, 8. piston mounted therein, and provided with a piston rod, a cross head mounted on said piston rod and connected with the valve rod, springs connected with, said cross head adapted to normally retract the piston within the cylinder, a pivoted lever connected at one end with the valve rod in line with said beveled head, and at the other end with the piston rod adapted to hold the piston rod in'a projected position against the tension of said springs, an air valve connected with said piston rod, means for holding the valve rod in a projected position, and a tri lever adapted to release the valve rod, t ereby closing the valve against the casing and releasing the piston rod so as to enable the springs connected therewith to retract the piston and open the air valve.
9. The combination with a valve casing, of a valve mounted on a rod and arran ed within said casing, means for normally 0 osing d valve on its seat, mechanism adapted to hold said valve retracted from its seat, a trip lever, mechanism connected therewith adapted to release said valve, a cylinder, a piston arranged within said cylinder provided with a piston rod, an air valve connected with said rod, means for normally retracting the piston in the cylinder, mechanism connected with said piston rod and valve rod adapted to move the piston outward in said cylinder, and means connected with said piston rod and valve rod adapted to hold the piston rod in its outward position while the valve is removed from its seat,
and to release the piston rod as the valve is moved backward to close on itsseat.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to-this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
RALPH n. HUNT.
Witnesses:
CHAS. B. GLASS, E. H. VAN Yoonnrs;
US38377607A 1907-07-15 1907-07-15 Railway safety apparatus. Expired - Lifetime US880996A (en)

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