US859156A - Pneumomedical apparatus. - Google Patents

Pneumomedical apparatus. Download PDF

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Publication number
US859156A
US859156A US33311306A US1906333113A US859156A US 859156 A US859156 A US 859156A US 33311306 A US33311306 A US 33311306A US 1906333113 A US1906333113 A US 1906333113A US 859156 A US859156 A US 859156A
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Prior art keywords
air
apparatus
chambers
chamber
inclosure
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US33311306A
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George L Warnken
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Charles E Congdon
Louis L Coffer
George L Warnken
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0001Control or safety arrangements for ventilation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/34Automatic humidity regulation

Description

No. 859,156. PATENTED JULY 2, 1907.

G. L. WARNKBN.

PNEUMOMEDIGAL APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 4, 1906.

IN VEN TOR l/ ag; %r/2 ezz ATTORNE UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

GEORGE L. WARNKEN,

OF'TUTTLETOWN, CALIFORNIA ASSIGN OR OF ONE-FOURTH TO CHARLES E. OONGDON AND ONE-FOURTH TO LOUIS L. GOFFER, 0F JAMESTOWN,

CALIFORNIA.

PNEUMOMEDIGAL APPARATUS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July 2, 1907.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GEORGE L. WARNKEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Tuttletown, in the county of Tuolumne and State of California,-have invented new and useful Improvements in Pneumomedical Apparatus, of which the following is a specification. '-My invention relates to an apparatus whichis designed to purify and prepare air to be used in the treatment of lung and, other diseases.

It consists in the combination of parts and in details 4 of construction which will be more fully explained by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which the figure shows diagrammatically the apparatus.

It is the object of my invention to provide an apparatus by which sterilized air, super-saturated with oxygen and with a weight, humidity, and temperature, properly regulated, may be supplied under suitable control for the treatment of patients afiiicted with pneumonia and other diseases for which air thus prepared will be beneficial.

My apparatus consists of a room or inclosure A having a door B through which a patient may enter, said door being provided with gaskets and hermetically closable. Connected with this room aresuitable outlets 2 and 3, one located near the bottom of the room, and the other near the upper part, said outlets being susceptible of being opened by a certain interior pressure which may be regulated, and the opening of the lower one allows the discharge of heavierair from the lower part of the chamber, while lighter air may be discharged from the upper part: These valves or gates may be variously constructed. A convenient means for operating such valves is by the use of a series of compound levers 4 fulcrumed upon suitable supports 5 and having the contiguous ends flexibly coupled together as at 6.

7 represents an adjustable connection with a thin diaphragm fixed in the wall or top of the room A so that an increase of pressure will act upon this diaphragm and through the connection 7 upon the first of the levers 4, and the movement will be transmitted through the other levers to the valve 2 or 3 with which the device is connected; the object of the compound arrangement of the levers being to increase the movement transmitted from the diaphragm so as to provide fora suflicient opening of the escape valve.- The amount of movement may be regulated by means of adjusting screws as at 9. Within the chamber are located the thermometer, barometer and hygrometer gage as at 10, and a device for indicating the humidity, and such other well known devices as may be found desirable.

The patient being located in the room, air is supplied thereto under suitable conditions as follows: Oxygen may be manufactured by any suitable well known process within a receptacle as at 12, and from this it is conveyed by a pipe 13 and delivered into a series of washing and cleansing chambers as at 14 gen is sufficiently purified. Such chambers are well known in the art and are not further described at this place. From these chambers the gas is conveyed by a pipe as at 15 and delivered into a gasometer 16 where any desired quantity may be stored.

17 is a pumping apparatus connected with the gasometer by a pipe with suitable controlling cock as at 18, and 19 is an air pipe connecting with this pipe and with the pumping device; by means of regulating cocks the proportion of air and oxygen may be regulated to suit requirements, and being drawn from these pipes by the pump, it is forced through a pipe 20 into a receiver 21 which may be of any suitable form and arrangement to prevent undue pulsation by reason of the action of the pump. A small gasometer would produce this effect. The air and gas being thus mixed in suitable proportions are next passed through a cleansing apparatus 22 which may consist of a plurality of chambers containing cotton waste, or equivalent porous or fibrous material within which any oily vapor derived from the pump may be arrested. 'In order to arrest and clear the passing fluid from any germs, it is next passed through a series of receptacles 23 which may contain nutrient gelatin or similar material within which such germs may be arrested.

' From these chambers the air is next passed through a series of chambers 24 which may alternately contain a solution and solid matter which will free the passing air from carbonic acid gas. The air is then passed through a drying solution contained in vessels as at 25, and is thus freed of any moisture which may be brought over to this point, and also any traces of ammonia which may be contained in it. Sulfuric acid will be very suitable for this purpose on account of properties. From the chambers 25 the air may then be passed through chambers as at 26 containing pumice stone or other material by which any traces of the acid will be taken up. I

The chambers are preferably all arranged with perforated screens arranged near the bottom, beneath which screens inlet pipes from the previous chambers are caused to discharge, and the air rising through the perforated screens will be properly distributed through the contents of each chamber. From the chambers 26 its-hygroscopic whereby the oxytions demand, the air will the air is then passed into chamber 27 through which the coiled pipe passes, and a heater is disposed below the chamber to raise the temperature. From this chamber the heated air passes through chambers 28 containing pure water so that a certain amount of moisture will be taken up by the air as it passes through these chambers. It finally passes through another heating chamber 29 from which the air is delivered by pipe as at 30 into the chamber A.

The pipes passing through the chamber 29 are in the form of a coil and the temperature may be finally regulated either by a heating device below the chamber, or a refrigerant may be introduced so that as condifinally be delivered into the chamber A at any desired temperature, and condition of moisture and the proportion of oxygen may be regulated to any desired degree; the pressure within the chamber may also be varied to suit requirements of all these conditions, being regulated and indicated by the apparatus contained within the chamber as previously described.

It will be understood that the various chambers or containers through which the air is passed before reaching the final chamber are made oi glass or suitable material, and the substances contained within the chambers will be of such a character as to chemically deprive the passing air of any deleterious gas or vapor associated therewith, such as chlorin, ammonia, acid and alkaline vapors or the like; the object being in any case to supply the room in which the patient is located with an absolutely pure air, with such increase of oxygen or other gas or vapor as may be required.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. In an apparatus for the treatment of diseases, the combination of an inciosure within which the patient is placed, said chamber having an outlet, connections whereby air and oxygen .or other gases are supplied to the inclosure, means for controlling the temperature, pressure and humidity of the gas within the inc-losure, said means including a series of levers fuicrumed on the inclosure, a flexible diaphragm fixed to the inclosure and subjected to the variations of pressure therein. and a valve controlling said outlet, said diaphragm acting through the levers to automatically open and close the valve in response to the pressure variations, whereby the pressure within the inclosure is regulated.

2. In an apparatus for the treatment of disease, the combination of an inclosure having outlets in its upper and lower portions. means for supplying air and oxygen to the inclosure, means for controlling the temperature, pressure and humidity of the gas within the inclosure, said means including a series of compound levers fulcrumed on the inclosure, a flexible diaphragm fixed to the inclosure and exposed to the internal pressure thereof, valves controlling said outlets, said valves being connected with the series of levers, and said diaphragms acting through the series of levers to open and close the valves, and instruments whereby the temperature and pressure humidity are indicated.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

GEORGE L. WARNKEN.

Witnesses S. H. Noonsn, Gno. H. S'rnono.

US33311306A 1906-09-04 1906-09-04 Pneumomedical apparatus. Expired - Lifetime US859156A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465162A (en) * 1945-12-12 1949-03-22 Niles Bement Pond Co Dehydrating system
US5372126A (en) * 1992-09-14 1994-12-13 Blau; Anthony D. Pulmonary sampling chamber
WO1995020413A1 (en) * 1994-01-31 1995-08-03 Blau Anthony D Pulmonary sampling chamber and method
US6009870A (en) * 1996-09-02 2000-01-04 Elena Valerievna Tkatchouk Apparatus for producing a gas mixture for hypoxia training
WO2002076403A3 (en) * 2001-03-23 2003-05-22 Michael F Harris Methods for the treatment of hiv and other viruses
US20040016432A1 (en) * 2001-02-06 2004-01-29 Harald Genger Anti-snoring device, method for reducing snoring, and a nasal air cannula
US8136527B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2012-03-20 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Method and device for non-invasive ventilation with nasal interface
US8381729B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2013-02-26 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for minimally invasive respiratory support
US8418694B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2013-04-16 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Systems, methods and apparatus for respiratory support of a patient
US8567399B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2013-10-29 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing inspiratory and expiratory flow relief during ventilation therapy
US8677999B2 (en) 2008-08-22 2014-03-25 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing mechanical ventilation with an open airway interface
US8770193B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8776793B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8925545B2 (en) 2004-02-04 2015-01-06 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for treating sleep apnea
US8939152B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-01-27 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for humidifying a respiratory tract
US8955518B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2015-02-17 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for improving ventilation in a lung area
US8985099B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2015-03-24 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Tracheostoma spacer, tracheotomy method, and device for inserting a tracheostoma spacer
US9132250B2 (en) 2009-09-03 2015-09-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with an entrainment port and/or pressure feature
US9180270B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-11-10 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation with gas delivery nozzles within an outer tube
US9962512B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2018-05-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with a free space nozzle feature
US10058668B2 (en) 2007-05-18 2018-08-28 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and providing ventilation therapy
US10099028B2 (en) 2010-08-16 2018-10-16 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices using LOX to provide ventilatory support
US10252020B2 (en) 2008-10-01 2019-04-09 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Ventilator with biofeedback monitoring and control for improving patient activity and health
US10265486B2 (en) 2015-07-09 2019-04-23 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with an entrainment port and/or pressure feature

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465162A (en) * 1945-12-12 1949-03-22 Niles Bement Pond Co Dehydrating system
US5372126A (en) * 1992-09-14 1994-12-13 Blau; Anthony D. Pulmonary sampling chamber
WO1995020413A1 (en) * 1994-01-31 1995-08-03 Blau Anthony D Pulmonary sampling chamber and method
US6009870A (en) * 1996-09-02 2000-01-04 Elena Valerievna Tkatchouk Apparatus for producing a gas mixture for hypoxia training
US20040016432A1 (en) * 2001-02-06 2004-01-29 Harald Genger Anti-snoring device, method for reducing snoring, and a nasal air cannula
US7080645B2 (en) * 2001-02-06 2006-07-25 Seleon Gmbh Anti-snoring device, method for reducing snoring, and a nasal air cannula
WO2002076403A3 (en) * 2001-03-23 2003-05-22 Michael F Harris Methods for the treatment of hiv and other viruses
US8381729B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2013-02-26 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for minimally invasive respiratory support
US8955518B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2015-02-17 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for improving ventilation in a lung area
US8418694B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2013-04-16 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Systems, methods and apparatus for respiratory support of a patient
US8136527B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2012-03-20 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Method and device for non-invasive ventilation with nasal interface
US8573219B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2013-11-05 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Method and device for non-invasive ventilation with nasal interface
US8925545B2 (en) 2004-02-04 2015-01-06 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for treating sleep apnea
US8985099B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2015-03-24 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Tracheostoma spacer, tracheotomy method, and device for inserting a tracheostoma spacer
US10058668B2 (en) 2007-05-18 2018-08-28 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and providing ventilation therapy
US8567399B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2013-10-29 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing inspiratory and expiratory flow relief during ventilation therapy
US8776793B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8770193B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8677999B2 (en) 2008-08-22 2014-03-25 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing mechanical ventilation with an open airway interface
US10252020B2 (en) 2008-10-01 2019-04-09 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Ventilator with biofeedback monitoring and control for improving patient activity and health
US10232136B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2019-03-19 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation for treating airway obstructions
US9227034B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2016-01-05 Beathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation for treating airway obstructions
US9180270B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-11-10 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation with gas delivery nozzles within an outer tube
US9675774B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2017-06-13 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation with gas delivery nozzles in free space
US9962512B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2018-05-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with a free space nozzle feature
US10046133B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2018-08-14 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation for providing ventilation support
US9132250B2 (en) 2009-09-03 2015-09-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with an entrainment port and/or pressure feature
US10099028B2 (en) 2010-08-16 2018-10-16 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices using LOX to provide ventilatory support
US9358358B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-06-07 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for humidifying a respiratory tract
US8939152B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-01-27 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for humidifying a respiratory tract
US10265486B2 (en) 2015-07-09 2019-04-23 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with an entrainment port and/or pressure feature

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