US857540A - Machine for cutting ribbed fabrics. - Google Patents

Machine for cutting ribbed fabrics. Download PDF

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Publication number
US857540A
US857540A US1906332992A US857540A US 857540 A US857540 A US 857540A US 1906332992 A US1906332992 A US 1906332992A US 857540 A US857540 A US 857540A
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United States
Prior art keywords
feed
rib
fabric
machine
cutting
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Frank W Robinson
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OSCAR B WETHERHOLD
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OSCAR B WETHERHOLD
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Priority to US1906332992 priority Critical patent/US857540A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US857540A publication Critical patent/US857540A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/08Means for treating work or cutting member to facilitate cutting
    • B26D7/14Means for treating work or cutting member to facilitate cutting by tensioning the work
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/323With means to stretch work temporarily
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/444Tool engages work during dwell of intermittent workfeed
    • Y10T83/4594Dwell caused by clamping or blocking work during continuous operation of feed means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/444Tool engages work during dwell of intermittent workfeed
    • Y10T83/461With abutment to position work being fed with respect to cutter
    • Y10T83/4612With slip between positioned work and feed means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/566Interrelated tool actuating means and means to actuate work immobilizer
    • Y10T83/5815Work-stop abutment

Description

No. 857,540. PATENTED JUNE 18, 1907,
' I F. W. ROBINSON.
MACHINE FOR CUTTING RIBBED FABRIOS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 1, 1906.
2 SHBETSSHEBT 1.
8W Hank 506015017,
No. 857.540. PATENTED JUNE 18, 1907.
P. w. ROBINSON.
MACHINE FOR CUTTING RIBBED FA BRIGS.
APPLICATION I-ILBD SEPT. 1, 1906.
2 SHEETSSHBET 2.
Frank W Habz'nszm,
wue/wtoz wi lme/am v Q 5 v attozmq m: man: "was cm. wnumdmu. 0.4:.
FRANK W. ROBINSON,
HALF TO OSCAR B.
OF READING,
WETHERHOLD, OF
PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGN OR OF ON E- READING, PENNSYLVANIA.
MACHINE FOR CUTTING RIBBED FABRICS.
To all whom it may Be it known that I,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 18, 1907.
OOH/06777,! FRANK W. ROBINSON,
a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of Reading, in the county of Berks and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for Cutting Ribbed Fabrics, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to machines for auto- I matically cutting ribbed fabrics, such as stocking tops or legs formed in connected series,- and more particularly to improve ments in the class of In the prior patent referred machines shown in Patent No. 751,560, issued to me February 9th,
to, separate feed mechanisms were employed, located respectively in advance of, and to the rear of the cutting mechanism, in connect-ion with a ribengaging device having a limited movement with each ribbe and adapted by such the actions of the feed d portion of the fabric movement to control and cutting mechanisms as required by varying lengths of tops. In my present improvements I dispense with such rib-operated con trolling means and operate the intermittently acting parts at reg ular intervals while at the same time providing for accurately cutting each top closely adjacent to its rib or welt notwithstanding variations in length.
The invention is ful ly describeo in connection with the accompanying drawings and the novel features out in the claims.
Figure 1 1s a sectio are specifically pointed nal elevation of a portion of a machine embodying my invention in preferred form. of the same, portions more clearly show other parts.
Fig. 2 is a front elevation being broken away to Fig. 3 is a full side elevation of the fi'ont portion of the machine, showing particularly the gearing together of the operatin g shafts.
The general features of the machine shown,
are similar to those of my prior patent; 1
representing the main driving shaft, mounted in bearings on the table wheels 2 and 3 A and having ear and the lower forward feed roll 4 fixed thereto, and 5 representing the lower roll shaft of the rear feed mechanism arranged in gear with an intermediate shaft 6 having a gear 7 adaptedto mesh with said gear wheel 2 on shaft upper feed shafts 8 an 1, while the respective d 9 are in gear with the I corresponding lower shafts, all as indicated in Fig. 3.
The shaft 6, in the preferred construction shown, is not continuously driven by the gear 2 on shaft 1, provision being made for operating the forward feed rolls a longer or shorter time as required for decidedly different lengths of tops, by making the gear 7 on shaft 6 a mutilated ear as in my prior patent, and throwing t e same into operative connection with gear 2 at desired intervals as determined by a pattern wheel 50 arranged in gear with drive shaft 1. and having a tooth 51 adapted to engage a pin 52 on the mutilateo gear so as to carry it past the mutilation and secure its rotation by the gear 2. Thus by changing the size of pattern wheel the length of feed provided for, preliminary to regularly throwing the other parts into operation, may be properly adapted to either long or short tops, as for womens or mens stockings.
The movable shear-blade 10, fixed to arm 11 pivoted at 12, is normally held raised by a spring 13 and is positively depressed by a cam 14 on shaft 6 at each rotation of the latter. The feed shafts 5 and 9 are also rotated once for each rotation of the shaft 6, through gears 20 and 21, thus bringing into action in I properly timed succession with each movement of the shearing device, first the rib-engaging device 40-41 as hereafter described, and second the intermittent feeding action of the quadrant roll 23 on said shaft 9; these three movements being effected by the drive gear 2 at regular intervals as determined by the pattern gear employed. The main feeding action upon the fabrics, it will be seen, is produced by the forward feed rolls 4 and 26 on shafts 1 and 8 respectively, said rolls being geared together as shown and continuously rotated with a regulated feed pressure upon the fabric as hereafter described.
The upper feed roll 26 is carried by a swinging arm 27 on a shaft 28, and bears upon the lower roll 4 with a pressure which is properly regulated by an adjustable spring 29 attached, as indicated, to a branch arm 30, and the tension of which is regulated, as indicated, by a suitable adjusting screw 60. The feed pressure thus secured, is readily regulated so as to insure a regular normal feed or pulling forward of the fabric, excepting when the movement of the latter is detained by the contact of a rib or welt approximately a given thereon with the lowered rib-engaging deby employing a vice -41 previously referred to, which occurs preliminary to effecting a cut. This cutting action being arranged to occur at regular intervals, as hereafter more partic ularly described, the feed rolls 4 and 26 are so speeded as to tend to feed forward a length of fabric somewhat in excess of the length of the individual stocking tops of the series, so that in each case the approaching rib or welt which marks the beginning of a new top, will be drawn tightly against the lowered rib-engaging device 4041 so as to practically square it therewith and insure a parallel cut; and, the excess feeding action being su'flicient to secure this squaring-up of the rib even in case of the longest tops of the series, (the lengths of which are not uniform), the regulated feed pressure upon the rolls is adapted to permit of slippage upon the fabric while the latter is being momentarily detained by the rib-engaging device and during the cutting operation. By this means I am enabled to accurately cut varying lengths of tops, while at the same time regularly operating the shearing device and the cooperating rib-engaging device and rear feed mechan- The rib-engaging mechanism, as shown, comprises a bottom plate 40 over which the fabric passes, and a vertically movable rib engaging stop plate 41 the lower edge of which, when depressed, cooperates with said bottom plate to prevent the passing of a rib or welt drawn against it by the forward feed mechanismjust described. The rib-engaging plates 40 and 41 are preferably set as near to the shearing device as practicable for different grades of material, and to this end the bottom plate 40, as shown, is carried by vertical rods 42 fixed to a top bar 43 which is pivoted to the frame of the machine at 44 so that the plate 40 may be accurately set to desired position by means of an adjusting screw 45 engaging an arm 46 of said top bar 43 while the movable rib-engaging plate 41 is carried therewith and vertically guided upon said rods 42 and by a central carrier-rod 47 guided in said top bar 48. This carrier-rod is provided with a pin 48 which bears upon a lever 49 pivoted to the machine frame; and it is successively lowered and lifted at proper times to respectively detain and release the fabric, by means of a cam 32 on the shaft 9 arranged to operate said lever 49.
The connected tops are drawn forward upon the table A between suitable sideguides, and over the rear bottom roll 25, the bottom rib-engaging plate 40, and the lower shearing blade, by the continuously operated forward feed rolls arranged to exert a regulated feed-pressure upon the fabric as described. The number of revolutions of these feed rolls required for feeding tops of length is provided for pattern wheel 50 of corresponding slze, which wheel merely determines the iixed interval elapsing in such case between the regular operations of the other parts of the machine; the machine thereafter operating the same as though it were adapted exclusively for such class of tops, 'the shaft 6, because of the mutilated gear 7, being merely allowed to rest a fixed time while the normal feeding of the fabric goes on. After such fixed interval of feed, the mutilated gear is thrown into action about the time a rib or welt comes into contact with the lowered rib-engaging stopplate 41; while the forward feed mechanism continues its regulated pulling action upon the fabric, against the stop-plate 41, the shearing blade 10 is depressed by the cam 14 to sever the stretched fabric just forward of said rib-engaging stop; the continued action of the forward feed-rolls after contact of the rib with said stop-plate merely serving to properly square-up the rib against the latter and thereafter becoming ineffective through slippage of the rolls upon the detained fabric owing to the limited regulated pressure thereon, such slippage taking place only to a sufficient extent to provide for the comparatively slight difference in the lengths of the tops which would otherwise prevent the cutting of them uniformly close to the rib as is essential to satisfactory work. As soon as the cutting operation is effected, the riben gaging stop-plate 41 is raised by the cam 32 and lever 49, and the rear feed rolls 25 and 23 push forward the ribbed end of the fabric into engagement with the continuously operating forward feed rolls for a repetition of the described operation upon the succeeding top.
Having thus fully described my invention 1 do not desire to limit myself to the specific mechanism particularly described for carrying it into effect, but:
' What I claim is 1. A machine for cutting connectedlyformed stocking legs having transverse ribs, to lengths determined by the spacing of the ribs, comprising a regularly reciprocated shearing device, a fabric-detaining device or stop arranged to engage each rib during a cutting operation, and feed rolls arranged to stretch the portion of the fabric operated upon by thecutting device, substantially as set forth.
2. A machine for cutting connectedlyformed stocking legs having transverse ribs, to lengths determined by the spacing of the ribs, comprising a regularly reciprocated shearing device, continuously acting feed rolls in advance of said shearing device and a rib-engaging and disengaging stop located to the rear of said shearing device and arranged to detain the fabric against the stretching action of said feed-rolls during the shearing operation.
3. A machine for cutting connectedlyformed stocking legs having transverse ribs, to lengths determined by the spacing of the ribs, comprising a regularly reciprocated shearing device, continuously acting feedrolls in advance of said shearing device, a rib-engaging and disengaging stop located to the rear of said shearing device and arranged to detain the fabric against the continued action of said feed rolls during the shearing operation, and means for regulating the feed-pressure of said continuously acting rolls so as to vary the stretching effect upon the fabric.
i. A machine for cutting connectedlyformed stocking legs having transverse ribs, to lengths determined by the spacing of the ribs, comprising a regularly reciprocated shearing device, continuously acting feedrolls in advance of said shearing device, a ribengaging and disengaging stop located to the rear of said shearing device and arranged to detain the fabric against the continued action of said feed rolls during the shearing 0pera-tion, and intermittently acting auxiliary feed mechanism to the rear of said shearing device.
5. A machine for cutting connectedlyformed stocking legs having transverse ribs, to lengths determined by the spacing of the ribs, comprising a regularly reciprocated shearing device, continuously acting feedrolls in advance of said shearing device, a ribengaging stop located to the rear of said shearing device and arranged to detain the fabric against the continued action of said feed-rolls during the shearingoperation and thereafter release the same, and auxiliary feed mechanism to the rear of said shearing device arranged to temporarily operate upon the fabric after it is released from said ribengaging stop.
6. In a machine for cutting ribbed fabrics having a shearing device, means for operating the same at regular intervals, and a continuously acting feed mechanism in advance and an intermittently acting feed mechanism to the rear of sald shearing device, a rib-engag- I ing stop mechanism for the fabric located to l the rear of said shearing device and comprising a bottom support for the latter, a cooperating rib-engaging device, and means for moving said device at regular intervals into and out of the path of the ribbed portions of the passing fabric.
7. In a machine for cutting ribbed fabrics having a shearing device, means for operating the same at regular intervals, and a continuously acting feed mechanism in advance and an intermittently acting feed mechanism to the rear of said shearing device, a rib-engaging stop mechanism for the fabric comprising a horizontally adjustable bottom support for the fabric, a cooperating rib-engaging device carried by said bottom support, and means for vertically moving said device at regular intervals into and out of the path of the ribbed portions of the passing fabric.
8. A machine for cutting ribbed fabrics comprising a shearing device, continuously acting feed rolls in advance thereof having a regulated feed-pressure as desired, an intermittently acting feed mechanism to the rear thereof, a horizontally fixed and vertically movable rib-engaging fabric-stop located adjacent said shearing device, and means for cooperatively moving said shearing device, intermittent feed mechanism, and rib-engaging fabric stop at regular feed intervals, substantially as set forth.
9. A machine for cutting ribbed fabrics comprising a shearing device, continuously acting feed rolls in advance thereof having a regulated. feed-pressure as desired, an intermittently acting feed mechanism to the rear thereof, a horizontally fixed and vertically movable rib-engaging fabric-stop located adjacent said shearing device, means for cooperatively moving said shearing device, intermittent feed mechanism and rib-engaging fabric-stop at regular feed intervals, and means for varying such feed intervals, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature, in the presence of two Witnesses.
FRANK W. ROBINSON.
Witnesses:
D. M. STEWART, W. G. STEWART.
US1906332992 1906-09-01 1906-09-01 Machine for cutting ribbed fabrics. Expired - Lifetime US857540A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2982129A (en) * 1954-11-12 1961-05-02 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Method for testing gummed tape
US3192811A (en) * 1961-07-10 1965-07-06 Sjostrom Automations Inc Fabric straightening and cutting device
US4397203A (en) * 1980-11-06 1983-08-09 Brack Frank T Towel cutting machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2982129A (en) * 1954-11-12 1961-05-02 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Method for testing gummed tape
US3192811A (en) * 1961-07-10 1965-07-06 Sjostrom Automations Inc Fabric straightening and cutting device
US4397203A (en) * 1980-11-06 1983-08-09 Brack Frank T Towel cutting machine

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