US856502A - Oil-reservoir for lamps. - Google Patents

Oil-reservoir for lamps. Download PDF

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Publication number
US856502A
US856502A US32457906A US1906324579A US856502A US 856502 A US856502 A US 856502A US 32457906 A US32457906 A US 32457906A US 1906324579 A US1906324579 A US 1906324579A US 856502 A US856502 A US 856502A
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Prior art keywords
oil
body
tube
reservoir
wick tube
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Expired - Lifetime
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US32457906A
Inventor
Clayton T Whipple
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Clayton T Whipple
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Priority to US32457906A priority Critical patent/US856502A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23QIGNITION; EXTINGUISHING-DEVICES
    • F23Q2/00Lighters containing fuel, e.g. for cigarettes
    • F23Q2/34Component parts or accessories
    • F23Q2/44Wicks; Wick guides or fastenings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action

Description

G. T. WHIPPLE. OIL RESERVOIR FOR LAMPS. APPLIoATIoN FILED JULYs 1906 ri/isses l1 and 2.

UNITED STATES CLAYTON T. WIIIPPLE, OF GLENS FALLS, NEW YORK.

OIL-RESERVOIR FOR LAMPS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 11, 1907.

Application filed July 3, 1906. Serial No. 324,579.

T0 LZZ wiwi/t it muy concern,.-

Be it known that I, CLAYTON T. WHIPPLE,

a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Glens Falls, in the county of lVarren and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Oil-Reservior for Lamps, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

, This invention relates to oil reservoirs for lamps, and is es ecially adapted for use in connection with fam s, oil stoves or the like, which are intendec to be removed from place to place, and which are liable to be accidentally overthrown.

The object of the invention is to supply a device of this character which is simple and durable in construction, and which will not permit the oil vto flow or leak from the reservoir when the lamp to which it is attached is accidentally overturned, thereby preventing ignition of the oil or explosion.

The invention consists in the construction and combination of parts to be more fully described hereinafter and particularly point ed out in the claims.

Reference is to be had tothe accompanying drawings forming a part of this specifica tion, in which similar characters of reference indicate correspondingl parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 is a plan view of the reservoir 5 Fig. 2 is a vertical cross section of the device; and Fig. 3 is a horizontal cross section of a portion of the invention on the line 3*3 of Fig. 2.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, I provide a body 1, of any desired form but preferably cylindrical, as shown in Figs. This body may be provided with a lateral supporting flange 2, acting as a base or standard, or it may be supported in any other desired manner. The body has a top 3, which is soldered to or integral with the side 4 and forms a hermetically tight joint therewith. Near the center of the top, is an opening 5 in which is mounted the burner collar 6, which projects upwardly above the body, as shown most clearly in Fig. 2. Upon this burner collar is mounted the burner and chimney holder of the lamp in the usual manner. Projecting inwardly into the body is a wick tube 9, which is in communication with the interior of the burner collar and to which it is soldered or otherwise rigidly at tached. The wick tube extends vertically downward to apoint near the bottom of the body, for a purpose which will aipear hereinafter. On one side of the wiel( tube is a longitudinal depression S, the purpose of which will be explained later.

At a point laterally disposed from the burner collar, the top 3 is provided with an opening 9 in which is secured a small interiorly-threaded collar 10, and which is adapt* ed to be closed by a screw cap 11. This opening is for the purpose of introducing the oil into the body of the reservoir. Soldered or otherwise secured to thel under side of the top 3 and the side L1 of the body, is a tube or chamber 12 in communication with the opening 9, and extended toward the center of the body and the wick tube 7. The joint between the top and side of the body and the chamber 12 is hermetically tight, so that the `only communication between the opening 9 and the interior of the body is through this tube or chamber 12. The tube 12, at a oint where it approaches the wick tube 7, ias a depending part 13 which is laterally disposed in the direction of the depression 8 of the wick tube, and which together with the depression or channel S of the wick tube 7, forms a continuation of the tube 12. The end of the wick tube 7 as well as the laterally disposed continuation ofthe filling tube 12, are open to the interior of the lamp body and extend an equal distance thercinto, as shown most clearly in Fig. 2.

When it is desired to fill the reservoir of the lamp with oil, the cap 11 is removed and the oil is poured into the opening 9 and the filling tube 12. 'Ihe oil flows in freely, the air in the body escaping through the wick tube and the opening, until the level of the oil rises above the flush openings of the wick tube and the filling tube. It will be understood that when this occurs the air confined in the space above the level of the liquid can no longer escape from the body, and consequently no more liquid can be introduced into the body. The liquid will, of course, rise in the wick tube 7 to the saine height which` it occupies in the filling tube 12. It is essential that the burner collar be extended above the top ofthe lamp body to prevent spilling orwaste, and as it is not possible to the oil may be poured into the filling tube until this itself is full. same height in the wick tube, the advantage of the extended burner collar will be understood. After filling .the device should be ascertain the level of the liquid in the body;

As the oil rises to the IIO tipped back. This will allow some air to escape from the reservoir, and oil will settle out of the wick and iiller tubes into the font. As the height of the oil increases slightly in the wick tube when the device is tipped, it is obvious that the burner collar should be high enough to prevent the oil escaping before it settles from the wick tube into the font. No more oil should be put in the filler tube after illing as above.

It will be understood if the lamp is upset, the oil can not iiow out through the wick tube and the burner because of the projecting of the wick tube, and the liquid will flow into the upper portion of the body which has been inverted by the overturning of the device.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

l. In a device of the class described, a body having a wick tube projecting thereinto, an opening remote from said wick tube,

posed adjacent to said channel and forming j a tube therewith.

2. In a device of the class described, a body having a burner collar mounted thereon and projecting above said body, a wick tube in communication with said collar and projecting into said body, said wick tube having an exterior channel in the side thereof, an opening, a illing chamber having an extension laterally disposed to lie adjacent to said channel and form a tube therewith, and means for closing said opening.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this speciiication in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.I

GLAYTON T. WHIPPLE. i

Witnesses:

HARRY A. WHIPPLE, FRED S. RUssELL.

US32457906A 1906-07-03 1906-07-03 Oil-reservoir for lamps. Expired - Lifetime US856502A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US32457906A US856502A (en) 1906-07-03 1906-07-03 Oil-reservoir for lamps.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US32457906A US856502A (en) 1906-07-03 1906-07-03 Oil-reservoir for lamps.

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US856502A true US856502A (en) 1907-06-11

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US32457906A Expired - Lifetime US856502A (en) 1906-07-03 1906-07-03 Oil-reservoir for lamps.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090065550A1 (en) * 1991-10-18 2009-03-12 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical stapling apparatus

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090065550A1 (en) * 1991-10-18 2009-03-12 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical stapling apparatus

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