US849243A - Closure for bottles, &c. - Google Patents

Closure for bottles, &c. Download PDF

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Publication number
US849243A
US849243A US21344304A US1904213443A US849243A US 849243 A US849243 A US 849243A US 21344304 A US21344304 A US 21344304A US 1904213443 A US1904213443 A US 1904213443A US 849243 A US849243 A US 849243A
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United States
Prior art keywords
stopper
bottle
neck
closure
bottles
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Expired - Lifetime
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US21344304A
Inventor
John William Hull
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MAX I MANOWITZ
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MAX I MANOWITZ
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Priority to US21344304A priority Critical patent/US849243A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D39/00Closures arranged within necks or pouring openings or in discharge apertures, e.g. stoppers

Description

J. W. HULL.
cLosURE PoR BOTTLES, am. APPLIUATION FILED JUNE 21. 1904.
ATTHA/EYS PATENTBD APR. 2, '1907.
UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFIQE.
JOHN WILLIAM HULL, AOF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO MAX I. MANOWITZ, OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.
Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented April 2, 1907.
Application liled June 2l, 1904. Serial Nol 213,443.
To @ZZ whom t may concern.-
Beit known that I, JOHN WILLIAM I-IULL, a citizen of the United States, residing at San Antonio, in the county of Bexar and State of Texas, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Closures for Bottles, &c., of which the following is a speciiication.
My invention relates to an improvement in closures for bottles, its object being to produce a simple, cheap, and eiiicient closure which can readily be applied to the bottle and which cannot be lremoved without evidence of such fact.
My invention consists in certain novel features of construction, arrangement, and combination of parts, as will be hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure l is a vertical section oi a bottle-neck with the stopper placed in position preparatory to expanding the same. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the stopper expanded and locked in position. Fig. 3 is an inverted plan view ofthe stopper. Fig. 4 is a sectional view of another form of stopper. Fig. 5 is a similar view showing this forni as applied to a bottle. Fig. 6 is a sectional view of another form of stopper, and Fig. 7 is a similar view showing this particular form applied to a bottle.
In carrying out my invention I make the neck oi the bottle A with the internal annular groove a, formed by the overhanging ledge a. The base of said groove is iiat, and the overhanging ledge a does not extend inwardly to the vertical line of the Jface of the bore of the bottle-neck, leaving the space at the extreme yend of the bottle-neck greater than the bore of the neck-that is the diameter of the opening at the top is greater than that oi the bore oi the bottle-neck.
The stopper B is made of some soit expansible flexible metal-such as lead, aluminium, tin, &c.--in an inverted-cup shape, the side walls b of said stopper diverging downwardly, as shown in Fig. 1.
The upper wall b of the stopper is provided with the rounded edge b3 and with one or more slits b2, which are oi inverted-V shape, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. These slits permit a small quantity of the liquid within the bottle to be discharged when the bottle having my improved closure is inverted. If desird, however, the slits may be entirely omitte To apply my closure to the bottle after it has been Jfilled with the desired liquid., all that is necessary is to place the stopper B with the lower edge of the walls l) resting on the base of the groove a, the diameter of the bottom of the inverted-cup-shaped stopper being such that it just passes inside of the ledge 0/ of the bottle-neck. Pressure is now put upon the top of the stopper, which will cause the lower edge of the stopper to spread and be crowded under the overhanging ledge a and lill the groove 0 thus forming a hermetic seal at the edges oi said side walls, suiiicient pressure being put on the stopper to cause it to lit tightly under the shoulder a', so that any attempt to remove the stopper will result in its damage, so that it cannot be used a second time without evidence of that fact, particularly if an instrument be inserted in the slits for that purpose, as the bridge between such slits where more than ,one are used would be easily ruptured by an attempt to pry open the stopper in that manner.
As shown in Fig. 4, I may Jform the stopper B4 with an annular bead or projection b4 at its lower edge. To insert this form of stopper, a tool having a concave seat which just rits over the upper portion of the stopper is used. The lower edge of the tool resting on the top of the annular bead b4 is shown in dotted lines, Fig. 4. Now by Jforcing down the tool the stopper will be iattened and the bead spread and crowded into the annular groove in the neck of the bottle.
As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the stopper Bls may be formed of a thickened upper portion, the lower end being flared outwardly or diverged and brought to a thin edge o6. This form of stopper is also locked in the bottleneck by the same tool as used in placing the stopper shown in Fig. 4, the lower edge b being spread and crowded into the annular groove a of the bottle-neck. The slits may be used in these forms or not, as desired.
Owing to the ductility of the metals used and the different relative thickness of the edge and body of the stopper, the Stoppers IOO shoulder near its upper end and an annular internally-projecting ledge of greater diame- 1 ter than the bore of the bottle-neck, said ledge lying above said shoulder, of a stopper composed of ileXible expansible metal of an inverted-cup-shape having outwardly-flared side Walls and provided with an annular bead 2 at its lower end.
JOHN WILLIAM HULL.
Witnesses:
M. F. BAKER, JAS. V. UPSON:
US21344304A 1904-06-21 1904-06-21 Closure for bottles, &c. Expired - Lifetime US849243A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5186368A (en) * 1989-11-07 1993-02-16 Valois Shutter for the outlet channel of a dispenser head for semi-liquid substances, and a dispenser head advantageously associated therewith
US6296136B1 (en) * 1998-07-09 2001-10-02 I.T.W. De France Obturator with improved retention in a metal sheet aperture

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5186368A (en) * 1989-11-07 1993-02-16 Valois Shutter for the outlet channel of a dispenser head for semi-liquid substances, and a dispenser head advantageously associated therewith
US6296136B1 (en) * 1998-07-09 2001-10-02 I.T.W. De France Obturator with improved retention in a metal sheet aperture

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