US831817A - Automatic siphon. - Google Patents

Automatic siphon. Download PDF

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Publication number
US831817A
US831817A US1905290629A US831817A US 831817 A US831817 A US 831817A US 1905290629 A US1905290629 A US 1905290629A US 831817 A US831817 A US 831817A
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United States
Prior art keywords
siphon
lever
pump
water
piston
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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George D Ackley
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Individual
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Priority to US1905290629 priority Critical patent/US831817A/en
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Publication of US831817A publication Critical patent/US831817A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D1/00Water flushing devices with cisterns ; Setting up a range of flushing devices or water-closets; Combinations of several flushing devices
    • E03D1/02High-level flushing systems
    • E03D1/16Cisterns for periodical discharge
    • E03D1/165Cisterns for periodical discharge with bell or tube siphons
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2713Siphons
    • Y10T137/2774Periodic or accumulation responsive discharge
    • Y10T137/2795Float-operated inlet to siphon
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2713Siphons
    • Y10T137/2842With flow starting, stopping or maintaining means
    • Y10T137/2877Pump or liquid displacement device for flow passage
    • Y10T137/2883Piston
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7287Liquid level responsive or maintaining systems
    • Y10T137/7313Control of outflow from tank
    • Y10T137/7316Self-emptying tanks
    • Y10T137/7319By float
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7287Liquid level responsive or maintaining systems
    • Y10T137/7313Control of outflow from tank
    • Y10T137/7323By float
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7287Liquid level responsive or maintaining systems
    • Y10T137/7358By float controlled valve
    • Y10T137/7381Quick acting
    • Y10T137/7394Trip mechanism
    • Y10T137/7397Weight or spring bias

Definitions

  • This invention relates to siphons and means for automatically starting the siphon to work; and the object is to provide apparatus for draining cellars, basements, and the like, which apparatus will operate automatically whenever there is a cumulation. of water in the location to be drained, so that the water will be drained from such cellar or b asement or the like without the attention of a person.
  • the drawing consists of a diagrammatic view showing the apparatus located in a basement and showing a broken section of'a basement.
  • the siphon 1 is of the usual form, having a long leg or discharge 2 and a short leg or receiver 3.
  • the short leg or receiver 3 has a checkwalve 4 in the lower part thereof to prevent the pipe or receiver 3 from interferingwith the starting of the siphon to work by the starting-pump hereinafter explained.
  • a pump 5 is located in a cavity 6 in the basement 7 and made rigid by suitable braces 8, which engage the pump-cylinder and extend into the walls of masonry.
  • the pump is provided with a piston 9 and a gooseneclc stem 10, which is pivotally connected to a lever 11.
  • the stem 10 may extend up through the braces 8 for guides.
  • the lever 11 is provided with a fulcrum 13, and an adjustable weight 12 may be located on an extension of the lever 11.
  • the pump 5 is providedwith a starting-pipe 14, which connects with the siphon 1.
  • the pipe 14 has a checkvalve 15 in the lower part thereof for purposes hereinafter explained.
  • the pump commences to force water through the pipe 14 and through the siphon 1 and down the leg 2. WVhen this is done and the piston has been forced as high as it can go, the flowing of the water through the pipe 2 will start the water to flowing up the leg 3 and force the check-valve 4 open, so that water will run out the siphon until the water is lower than the end of pipe 3. Water will continue to flow through the siphon, al though the piston 9 may descend to its normal position.
  • the check-valve 15 will close when the piston starts downward, and thus prevent the falling of the piston from interfering with the flow of water out the siphon.
  • the check-valve 15 should be larger than the check-valve 4, so that valve 15 will stand closed and not be affected by the flow of water through the leg 3 and siphon 1.
  • the check-valve 4 will prevent the water from running down pipe 3, and thus cause the water to pass on to leg 2 and be discharged.
  • the detent-bar 17 will tilt and let the lever pass.
  • the power of the apparatus may be varied.
  • the power may also be varied by the location of the fulcrum 13 and the disposition of the float.
  • the pump cylinder has circumferential slots 22 to receive water above the piston 9.
  • the slots are extended horizontally, so that when the piston commences to rise it will not have to rise far before it closes the slots 22.
  • the pipe or discharge 2 should be smaller than either pipe 3 or 14, so that the flow of water will not be interrupted until the water is all drained from the basement or cellar.
  • An automatic siphon comprising receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, and a float for actuating'said pump to start siphonic action.
  • An automatic siphon comprising receivand discharging legs, a pump, a pipe provided with a check-valve and connecting the discharge of said pump with said siphon, said pump having a suitable piston, and means for automatically starting said pump.
  • An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, said pump being provided with a suitable piston, and a float operatively connected to said pis ton.
  • An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a suitable piston and a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, a lever operatively connected to said piston, and a float for operating said lever.
  • An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a piston and having a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, a lever operatively connected to said piston, an adjustable weight mounted on said lever, and a float pivotally connected to said lever.
  • An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a suitable piston and a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, a lever operatively connected to said piston, a float for operating said lever, and a yielding detent for said lever.
  • An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a suitable piston and having a discharge-pipe connected to-said siphon, a lever operatively is being started.

Description

No. 831,817. PATENTED SEPT. 25, 1906. G. D. AUKLEY.
AUTOMATIC SIPHON.
APPLICATION FILED 1330.6,1906.
GEORGE D. AOKLEY, OF F ORT WORTH, TEXAS.
AUTOMATIC SIPHON.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 25, 1906.
Application filed December 6,1905. Serial No. 290.629.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE D. 'AoKLnY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fort WVorth, county of Tarrant, and State of Texas, have invented an Automatic Siphon, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to siphons and means for automatically starting the siphon to work; and the object is to provide apparatus for draining cellars, basements, and the like, which apparatus will operate automatically whenever there is a cumulation. of water in the location to be drained, so that the water will be drained from such cellar or b asement or the like without the attention of a person.
Other objects and advantages will be fully explained in the following description, and the invention will be more particularly pointed out in the claims.
Reference is had to the accompanying drawing, which forms a part of this application and specification.
The drawing consists of a diagrammatic view showing the apparatus located in a basement and showing a broken section of'a basement.
The siphon 1 is of the usual form, having a long leg or discharge 2 and a short leg or receiver 3. The short leg or receiver 3 has a checkwalve 4 in the lower part thereof to prevent the pipe or receiver 3 from interferingwith the starting of the siphon to work by the starting-pump hereinafter explained. A pump 5 is located in a cavity 6 in the basement 7 and made rigid by suitable braces 8, which engage the pump-cylinder and extend into the walls of masonry. The pump is provided with a piston 9 and a gooseneclc stem 10, which is pivotally connected to a lever 11. The stem 10 may extend up through the braces 8 for guides. The lever 11 is provided with a fulcrum 13, and an adjustable weight 12 may be located on an extension of the lever 11. The pump 5 is providedwith a starting-pipe 14, which connects with the siphon 1. The pipe 14 has a checkvalve 15 in the lower part thereof for purposes hereinafter explained.
A float 16 is pivotally connected to the lever 11 for the purpose of lifting the lever 11 to start the pump to work when water accumulates in the basement. Means are provided for holding the lever down for some time after the water commences to press the float upward. A bar 17 is fulcrumed in a support 18 and has one end proj ecting slightly over the end of the lever 11. The other end of the detent-bar 17 is engaged by a lever 19, which is provided with a suitable fulcrum 20 and an adjustable weight 21. As the lever 11 presses upward it will press the end of the detentbar upward, and the other end of the detent-bar will press on the lever 19. This pressing will continue until the float has accumulated enough power to force the lever 1 1 up past the bar 17. While this is being done, the pump commences to force water through the pipe 14 and through the siphon 1 and down the leg 2. WVhen this is done and the piston has been forced as high as it can go, the flowing of the water through the pipe 2 will start the water to flowing up the leg 3 and force the check-valve 4 open, so that water will run out the siphon until the water is lower than the end of pipe 3. Water will continue to flow through the siphon, al though the piston 9 may descend to its normal position. The check-valve 15 will close when the piston starts downward, and thus prevent the falling of the piston from interfering with the flow of water out the siphon. The check-valve 15 should be larger than the check-valve 4, so that valve 15 will stand closed and not be affected by the flow of water through the leg 3 and siphon 1. When the pump starts, the check-valve 4 will prevent the water from running down pipe 3, and thus cause the water to pass on to leg 2 and be discharged. When the lever 11 goes down, the detent-bar 17 will tilt and let the lever pass.
By means of weights 12 and 21 the power of the apparatus may be varied. The power may also be varied by the location of the fulcrum 13 and the disposition of the float.
The pump cylinder has circumferential slots 22 to receive water above the piston 9. The slots are extended horizontally, so that when the piston commences to rise it will not have to rise far before it closes the slots 22.
The pipe or discharge 2 should be smaller than either pipe 3 or 14, so that the flow of water will not be interrupted until the water is all drained from the basement or cellar.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. An automatic siphon comprising receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, and a float for actuating'said pump to start siphonic action.
2. An automatic siphon comprising receivand discharging legs, a pump, a pipe provided with a check-valve and connecting the discharge of said pump with said siphon, said pump having a suitable piston, and means for automatically starting said pump.
3. An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, said pump being provided with a suitable piston, and a float operatively connected to said pis ton.
4. An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a suitable piston and a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, a lever operatively connected to said piston, and a float for operating said lever.
5. An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a piston and having a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, a lever operatively connected to said piston, an adjustable weight mounted on said lever, and a float pivotally connected to said lever.
6. An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a suitable piston and a discharge-pipe connected to said siphon, a lever operatively connected to said piston, a float for operating said lever, and a yielding detent for said lever.
7. An automatic siphon having receiving and discharging legs, a pump provided with a suitable piston and having a discharge-pipe connected to-said siphon, a lever operatively is being started.
In testimony whereof I set my hand, in the presence of two Witnesses, this 24th day of November, 1905.
GEO. D. AOKLEY.
Witnesses:
A. L. J ACKSON, E. WALLINGTON.
' ning down through said leg while the siphon
US1905290629 1905-12-06 1905-12-06 Automatic siphon. Expired - Lifetime US831817A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4171709A (en) * 1977-10-12 1979-10-23 Loftin Douglas W Device for siphoning water from a ponding area on a flat roof
US4171706A (en) * 1977-10-12 1979-10-23 Loftin Douglas W Method for siphoning water from a ponding area on a flat roof
US4406300A (en) * 1981-01-19 1983-09-27 Wilson Edwin H Roof siphon drain

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4171709A (en) * 1977-10-12 1979-10-23 Loftin Douglas W Device for siphoning water from a ponding area on a flat roof
US4171706A (en) * 1977-10-12 1979-10-23 Loftin Douglas W Method for siphoning water from a ponding area on a flat roof
US4406300A (en) * 1981-01-19 1983-09-27 Wilson Edwin H Roof siphon drain

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