US827029A - Diving-dress. - Google Patents

Diving-dress. Download PDF


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US827029A US30458606A US1906304586A US827029A US 827029 A US827029 A US 827029A US 30458606 A US30458606 A US 30458606A US 1906304586 A US1906304586 A US 1906304586A US 827029 A US827029 A US 827029A
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Archibald Mcgregor
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John Newport Parkes
John Kiley Mehan
Thomas Fauset Macdonald
Archibald Mcgregor
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    • B63C11/00Equipment for dwelling or working underwater; Means for searching for underwater objects
    • B63C11/02Divers' equipment


No. 827,029. PATENTED JULY 24, 1906.









DIVING-DRESS- Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July 24, 1906.

Application filed March 6, 1906. Serial No. 304,586.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ARCHIBALD MOGREGOR,

a subject of the Kin of Great Britain and Ireland, residing at eraldton, in the State of Queensland, Commonwealth of Australia, ave invented certain new and useful Imrovements in Diving-Dresses and in and elating to Apparatus Connected Therewith; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the inven- 't1on, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to diving-dresses and apparatus connected therewith whereby the whole may be used to enable a diver to Work at particularly great depths. These improvements inclu e means to regulate and safeguard the air pressure and supply and pressure-resisting armor for use at great depths, and an electric-light device is combined With the dress in a manner not before adopted. The exhaust-air is conducted by piping and discharged into the atmosphere above the water-level, enabling the diver to work Without being subjected to excessive air-pressure. In practice the upper end of the exhaust is so arranged that it will be visually (or visually and otherwise) self-indicating and may be observed by attendants, causing action at once in the event of it being indicated, for example, that the exhausthas been accidentally interfered with. There are other important details, of which particulars follow, it being convenient to refer to the accom anying drawings in explaining them.

In the drawings, Fi ure 1 is a side view of various upper parts 0 the dress to be worn by the diver. Fig. 2 shows'in side view, in partly-opened position, a lower part or boot of said dress; and Figs. 3 and 4 show in plan view and sectional side elevation, respectively, a shoulder-protecting armor-plate. Fig. 5 is a diagram representing the diver under water-and showing part of his cage and connections which extend above the water to near the attendants. Fig. Gshows a sec tion through line 9, Fig. 5. Fig. 7 shows a vertical section through the collar-pad. Fig. 8 is a diagram illustrating superposition of parts when the diver is fully dressed, these parts being shown separated for greater clearness. Arrows in Figs. 1 and 5 show the directions of aircurrents.

The air-inlet pipe and the air-exhaust pipe are shown at B, forming a multichambored tube with its interior longitudinally divided. An inner air-delivery tube inelosed by an exhaust-tube, guarding the former from injury, (all parts being strengthened in any convenient 1nanner,) may be used, one or both longitudinally divided to provide a plurality of air-channels for use at will; but the use of two tubesone inlet and one exhaust -noiconnected, but free to spread apart widely in the water or to become entangled and twisted, is apt to prove dangerous, although distinct tubes bound together firmly by means which allow of them being paved out or hauled in as one may be employed. The best combination is shown in Fig. 6, in which four tubes of sector formare combined, two marked G and two II, the whole in a sheath B and each tube permanently united to the others. -This produces very strong partitions inside tube B. The two diagonally opposite tubes G are used for downor air-supply current and the other diagonally opposite tubes H for upward air-current or ex haust. F, the supply-pipe from the airpump, may divide into the two pipes G on or before entering sheath B. After or near the point of leaving sheath B pipes G unite as pipe 'i', which passes under the divers arm and joins pipe 11, below mentioned.

The connection of inlet and exhaust tubing 'i h (with which latter pipes II. connect) to the diver need not be restricted to the hcl met, (marked a.) Theair-inlet maybe at as in well-known helmets, thev exhaust preferably beginning at the helmet side, as at It", and passing a check-valve in box h, which allows air outward, but would not allow water inward. The exhaust-air does not enter the water from box it, It issues into pipe It, then through the tubing shown in Fig. 5, (respectively marked h H B H 1),) and through outlet E. Pipe D is supported, as by pillar D, above a deck-surface C, the water-surface being as at 0'. Any desired valves, forks, and unions for the piping are provided. Pipe 7:. has a regulating-valve B ported b the shoulder of the sai within easy'control of the diver, so that he can reduce or stop the exhaust of air.

r If accident cause the exhaust-piping to fail to carry air above the surface, as to outlet E, the check-valve in box 7L3 would, as explained, resist inrush of water, while allowing air-discharge, and an emergencyvalve k in the breast-plate or other suitable place is provided for direct air-discharge into the water. To a metal corselet breast-section (marked b) is fastened helmet a, in any suitable manner. To part b is connected (bywater-tight jointing) an external (or both an external and an internal) waterproof flexible diving-dress, vof suitable material, {.hese dresses being referred to further be- A weight-easing collar or pad J (see vertical section in Fig. 7') of the usual ring form is used, (under the metal 'vest below mentioned,)re sting on the divers shoulders.

Instead of hair filling, the pad is filled with water or suitable liquid K. Part I) is con.

nected to a rigid metal (as sheet-copper) vest c, to which are attached metal arms, each in two sections, so connected or jointed as to allow of shoulder and elbow movements.

12. shows the upper arm-section having holes 0 united to vest 0 (having holes 10) sufficiently loosely by flexible wire 'or suitable lacing q. The top of section n fits over flanging n, projecting outwardly round the edge of the vestarmhole. When arm-section a is removed or omitted, a rigid metal plate 9, Figs. 3 and 4, having means of connection to vest c, as holes g, (for screwbolts,') may be substituted with edge 2 supd vest,

plate t en rojecting outward from over the diverfs s oulder as a protective and weightsupporting device. Connection of breast-section b and vest c is by india-rubber ring or collar 0 and connecting means (shown as stud-bolts and nuts) 0', as will be understood by noting the bolts and nutsof ordinary diving dress'.

Projections, as eyes a c at front and b b at back, res ectively, within sections 12 and c are prov'i ed and suitably, connected, as dotted lines g indicate. The vest is open at top to allow ample room for the divers neck and is openbelow to leave space for his body andis' in sections hinged together, as at 1", and connected by suitable catches s at the rear. The armor has (suitably connected to vest c, as by screws t, through apertured flanges t. on the vest and t on the section next mentioned) a dish-shaped lower trunksection 6., having ateach slde a leg-hole d.

Laced or movably connected to section (I- are thi h-sections e. Where the tubular metal t 'gh-sections e are connected movably to section d, any suitable joints are used, g showing flexible wire-stitching.

The metal armor boots are marked f.

,The boot-sections f have. each a door a,

which when opened fully allows insertion of the foot. The door-hinges a are at one side of the boot and the fastenings are at the opposite side, the door opening backward and allowing the foot to be ut in and out easily. The door a has any desired fastenings, as counterparts .12, connected at will by a bolt or wire w. The boot is of sheet-copper or the like; but as the ordinary 'divers boot is to be used over it it is not heavily weighted. The top of boot f freely incloses' the lower part of the tubular section of the leg-armor, allowing thus of knee movement.

0 shows the usual clamp-plates used in sections upon and to fasten down rubber rin s c or dress M. 0 shows at front and bac screws which take into nuts fixed to vest c. These screws (usually fourin number, two in front and two behind) in practice are passed through holes in collar 0 so as to further connect the parts.

The armor shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is put on over a waterproof underdress L, the top of which is indicated in Fig. 8. This dress is so fastened to section b as to prevent water entering, so that if by any means the external waterproof dress M, part of which is also shown in Fig. 8, fails the inner one L safeguards the diver.

The armor described in this specification is not intended to be water-tight. The outer dress M keeps the water from all armor under it. The armor. is intended to so box in the diver as to keep off that great water-pressure which has in deep-sea diving proved so se rious an obstacle.

Although there is nothing new in the use, broadly, of an electric lamp, yet the lamp 3' provided is fixed to the front of part b and connected, as by tube k, containing suitable wires, with a storage battery I, located at the back of the part b, by any suitable support or at the back of the dress. By usingthe battery the ordinary heavy back lead is rendered unnecessary and is dispensed with, and as a counterweight to the battery there is any suitable front lead m.

A shows the usual rope or divers life-line, and J indicates a cage or the like for raising the diver and, if desired, loweringhim by chain I or wire rope. The diver on reaching the bottom or on coming near itamay drift or travel with the cage or mayle'ave' it, it having movable protective atings of metal, as partly shown at J. en the diver wishes to be pulled up, he enters the cage and signals in any prearrangedmanner.

. Pipe-outlet E has. a visible indicator-wheel or the like E, adapted to be rotated by the IIO the like is pro'vidable also With any suitable speed indicating or recording mechanism.

What I do claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is

1. In diving apparatus, the combination, with a helmet, of air-supply tubing, and airexhaust tubing having at its lower end a check-valve upon the helmet, and a regulating-valve Within the divers reach, the said inlet and exhaust tubing being connected near the diver and extending so connected for a distance to reach above the water-level, and then separating the exhaust-tubing having an outlet means adapted for-observation by attendants as described.

2. In diving apparatus, the combination, With a helmet, of means for the inlet and for exhaust of air through tubes connected near the diver to sheathed tubes G G and H H respectively or the like extending to above the Water-surface, and there separating the exhausttube being mounted in position suitable for observation by attendants.

3. In diving a paratus exhaust-tubing to extend from the diver to near the attendants, and provided With a Wheel or other visuall self-indicating air-outlet device as describe 4. In dlvlng apparatus, armor comprising the combination with a rigid metal vest adapted to open on hinges, of a dish-shaped trunk-section rigidly connected to said vest,

trunk respectively by I an electric lamp and fixed counterbalancingweight.

6. In divingapparatus, a rigid metal boot having a door adapted to open backward having hinges at one side of the boot and fastenings at the other as described.

7. In diving apparatus, the combination, with rigid metal armor adapted to protect the diver from external pressure, of an external and an internal waterproof dress as a double safeguard against entrance of Water, the necks of both dresses being secured by Water-tight jointing upon a breast-section substantially as described.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two witnesses,




US30458606A 1906-03-06 1906-03-06 Diving-dress. Expired - Lifetime US827029A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3405463A (en) * 1965-10-08 1968-10-15 Rosemount Eng Co Ltd Ski boot having a hinged door
US6401711B1 (en) * 1998-03-17 2002-06-11 Kenneth J. Tibbs Supersnorkel

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3405463A (en) * 1965-10-08 1968-10-15 Rosemount Eng Co Ltd Ski boot having a hinged door
US6401711B1 (en) * 1998-03-17 2002-06-11 Kenneth J. Tibbs Supersnorkel

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