US811534A - Building-wall construction. - Google Patents

Building-wall construction. Download PDF

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Publication number
US811534A
US811534A US1905270722A US811534A US 811534 A US811534 A US 811534A US 1905270722 A US1905270722 A US 1905270722A US 811534 A US811534 A US 811534A
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Prior art keywords
ribs
block
corner
vertical
grooves
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Expired - Lifetime
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William M Akers
Benjamin F Huston
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William M Akers
Benjamin F Huston
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Priority to US1905270722 priority Critical patent/US811534A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections

Description

PATENTED FEB. 6, 1906. S L B. I. HUSTON.

W. M. AIIER BUILDING WALL CONSTRUCTION.

APPLIOA'IION- FILED JULY 2l, 1905.

5h mentor@ WMV/fers Wu om@ witnesses WILLIAM M. AKERS AND BENJAMIN F. HUSTON, OF D'ECATUR, IOWA.

BuuDlNG-WALL cousrauoruou'.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Feb. 6, 1906.

Application filed July 21, 1905. Serial No. 270.722.

To @ZZ wiz/0m it may concern:

Be it known that We, WILLIAM M. AKERs and BENJAMIN F. HUsToN, citizens of the United States, residing at Decatur, in the county of Decatur and State of Iowa, have invented certain new and useful Improve ments in Building-Wall Constructions, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to building-wall con struction, and embodies, primarily, novel forms of building-blocks of cement or like plastic material composed in the corner and main Wall construction.

For a full description of the invention and the merits thereof1 and also to acquire a knowledge of thedetails of construction of the means for effecting the result reference is to be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure l is a perspective view showing the corner portion of a building-wall composed of blocks comprising this invention. Fig. 2 is a perspective View of one of-the corner-blocks. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of one of the corner-blocks. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the corner-block.

Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the drawings by the same reference characters.

In the practical embodiment of the invention the corner-blocks 1 used in the building- Wall construction are of special formation, being of rectangular shape in general form, having a single elongated air-space 2. outer face or side of the corner-block l may be smooth or finished in anyl suitable Way. The upper side of the block, ovvever,is provided near one end with transverse ribs 8, one of which is interrupted centrally thereof by the space 2. Near the opposite end portion of the block l and also upon its under side are formed the integral longitudinal ribs 4, each terminating at one end near the adjacent rib 3, the other endsv terminating near the extremity of the block. The under side of the corner-block l is formed with a pair of longitudinal grooves 5, which preferably eX- tend the entire length of the block, said lrooves being ladapted to receive ribs upon locks arranged beneath the corner-block, as Will be described more clearly hereinafter. The inner side of each corner-block 1 is provided with spaced vertical ribs 6 and the latter will be received in grooves in the end of an adjacent main block of the wall structure.

The

The ribs 6 are located near one end of the block l, as will be readily apparent. Spaced vertical ribs 7 will be formed at one end of each block l also, and these ribs will enter grooves in the end of an adjacent abutting main block in a manner similar to the inter locking of the ribs 6 with such grooves, as before mentioned. Thus it will be noted that each of the corner-blocks composed in the wall structure will have upon its upper side transverse ribs 3 and longitudinal ribs 4, upon its under side the longitudinal grooves 5, at one side and near one end the vertical spaced ribs 6, and at one end which abuts with an adjacent main block of the wall the spaced end ribs 7. The main blocks of the Wall or those which will be composed in the body of the 'wall throughout its length are indicated at 8, and these blocks are provided at opposite ends with spaced grooves 9 and spaced ribs 10, respectively, said grooves 9 and ribs l0 extending vertically of the block. Furthermore, each block 8 will have upon its upper sidespaced longitudinal ribsI 11 and upon its under side spaced longitudinal grooves. The blocks 8 are also provided with the air-spaces described with reference to the corner-blocks l.

By referring to Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawings it will be seen that the transverse ribs 3 terminate at one end short of the adjacent ends of the vertical ribs 6 and preferably short of the adjacent side edge of the block 1. It will be seen also that the vertical ribs 7 terminate at their upper ends flush with the upper surface of the block, but short of the upper surface of the longitudinal ribs 4, and that both the vertical ribs 6 and 7 terminate at their lower ends short of the lower ends of the said block. It will also be noted b reference particularly to Fig. l that the Ongitudinal ribs 11 do not extend over the grooves 9, but terminate short of said grooves, and that the other end of the longitudinal ribs 11 terminate flush with the other face of the block ,8, so as to produce an angular formation with respect to the end vertical ribs 10. By means of this arrangement it will be seen by referring to Fig. l that when the block 8 is assembled next to a corner-block 1 with the grooves 9 receiving the vertical ribs that the ribs 3 and 11, while they are in alinement With each other, are spaced somewhat at their adjacent ends, this space providing portions in the nature of sockets, which will receive the mortar and tend to effect a locking engage- IOO ment as against longitudinal displacement between the block 8 and the block 1. It will also be evident from the arrangement of the longitudinal ribs 11 and 4 with respect to the vertical ribs l0 and 7 that said ribs produce at their meeting ends angular formations, which also produce sockets for the mortar and that this construction insures a rigid formation of the wall.

' When the corner and main blocks of the wall are assembled, the corner-block which is arranged at an angle to its adjacent cornerblock and above the same will have the longitudinal grooves 5 interlocked with the transverse ribs 3 of the'lower corner-block. The adjacent main block 8, which overlaps the lower corner-block 1, will have'the grooves upon its under side interlocking or receiving the longitudinal ribs 4 on the upper side of said corner-block, and the grooves 9 in the end of said main block will receive the vertical "ribs 6 on the side of the upper corner-block of the two blocks above mentioned. The above construction of the corner and main blocks is such that the same are interlocked in a peculiar manner, and the substantiality of the wall structure is greatly increased, the 'various blocks being virtually tied'tog'ether by the interlocking connection between theY same. The vertical arrangement of the ribs 6 and.7 upon the inner side and at one end ofthe corner-block, as well as of the ribs l0 at an end of the main block, is advantageouspin that the blocks can be placed in positionby vertical movement in establishing the interlocking connection between the ribs and Lgrooves thereof. This is important when it'is considered that the mortar would interfere -`with interlocking of horizontal ribs and grooves were such provided. The ribs 4 on the up "er side of the corner-blocks terminate or are 'scontinued at a pointadjacent to the ribs 3, as

shown most clearly in Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings.

Having thus described the invention,"what is claimed as new is*' l. A building-block provided on one face `with longitudinally-extending grooves and on its opposite face with longitudinal ribs and transverse ribs spaced from each other'and from the longitudinal ribs, and also provided on one side edge with vertical ribs and on one end edge with vertical ribs, the transverse ribs terminating short of the vertical ribs on one side edge of the block, as and for the purpose set forth.

2. A building-block provided on one face with longitudinally-extending grooves and on its opposite face with longitudinal ribs and transverse ribs spaced from each other and from the longitudinal ribs, and also provided on one side edge with vertical ribs and on one end edge with vertical ribs, the transverse ribs terminating short of the vertical ribs on one side edge of the block, and the vertical ribs on the end edge of the block terminating flush with the face thereof and producing an angular formation with the meeting ends of the longitudinal ribs.

3. In a building-wall construction the combination of the'corner-block provided in one face with longitudinally-extending grooves and on the opposite face with longitudinal ribs and with transverse ribs spaced from each other and from one end of the longitudinal'ribs, said corner-block being also provided on one side edge near one end thereof with vertical ribs in alinement with the transverse ribs and being also provided on one end edge withvertical ribs in alinement with the longitudinal ribs, the transverse ribs terminating short of their alining verticalribs and the end vertical ribs terminating short of their alining longitudinal ribs and a main wallblock provided'with vertical grooves designed to receive the side edge vertical ribs of the corner-block and provided on its opposite end With'vertical ribs, said main-wall block being also provided with longitudinal ribs on one face terminating at one end short of said vertical'grooves and in alinement therewith and terminatin'g'at their other ends short of the outer faces of the vertical ribs of said block, as andfor the purpose set forth.

In testimony whereof we aflix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.

WILLIAM M. AKERS. BENJ. F. HUSTON.

[1.. s] [L s]

US1905270722 1905-07-21 1905-07-21 Building-wall construction. Expired - Lifetime US811534A (en)

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US1905270722 US811534A (en) 1905-07-21 1905-07-21 Building-wall construction.

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US1905270722 US811534A (en) 1905-07-21 1905-07-21 Building-wall construction.

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2911818A (en) * 1955-11-10 1959-11-10 Smith Charles Interlocking building blocks
US3534518A (en) * 1968-09-27 1970-10-20 Groutlock Corp Interlocking building block construction
US4041670A (en) * 1974-04-17 1977-08-16 Kaplan Richard D Building blocks
US5205675A (en) * 1992-03-10 1993-04-27 Hamel Arthur L Precast cribbing wall system
US5248226A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-09-28 Rothbury Investments Limited Connector for use in combination with blocks for wall structures or the like
ES2116157A1 (en) * 1993-07-21 1998-07-01 Esteban Yague Jose Eugenio Thermic generator.
US20040028484A1 (en) * 1992-10-06 2004-02-12 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US20050178081A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Bott Timothy A. Interlocking building block
US7823360B1 (en) 2006-05-24 2010-11-02 Jared Cottle Open core building blocks system
US20180244449A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Ball Corporation Pallet-less brick

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2911818A (en) * 1955-11-10 1959-11-10 Smith Charles Interlocking building blocks
US3534518A (en) * 1968-09-27 1970-10-20 Groutlock Corp Interlocking building block construction
US4041670A (en) * 1974-04-17 1977-08-16 Kaplan Richard D Building blocks
US5248226A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-09-28 Rothbury Investments Limited Connector for use in combination with blocks for wall structures or the like
US5205675A (en) * 1992-03-10 1993-04-27 Hamel Arthur L Precast cribbing wall system
US7384215B2 (en) 1992-10-06 2008-06-10 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US20040028484A1 (en) * 1992-10-06 2004-02-12 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
ES2116157A1 (en) * 1993-07-21 1998-07-01 Esteban Yague Jose Eugenio Thermic generator.
US20050178081A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-08-18 Bott Timothy A. Interlocking building block
US6948282B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2005-09-27 Allan Block Corporation Interlocking building block
US7712281B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2010-05-11 Allan Block Corporation Interlocking building block
US7823360B1 (en) 2006-05-24 2010-11-02 Jared Cottle Open core building blocks system
US20180244449A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Ball Corporation Pallet-less brick
US10486873B2 (en) * 2017-02-27 2019-11-26 Ball Corporation Pallet-less brick

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