US793801A - Broom-corn or corn harvester. - Google Patents

Broom-corn or corn harvester. Download PDF

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Publication number
US793801A
US793801A US1904225495A US793801A US 793801 A US793801 A US 793801A US 1904225495 A US1904225495 A US 1904225495A US 793801 A US793801 A US 793801A
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Prior art keywords
corn
shafts
frame
harvester
provided
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Expired - Lifetime
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George H Pallady
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George H Pallady
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D37/00Reaper-binders
    • A01D37/04Reaper-binders conveying the stalks in vertical position

Description

PATENTED JULY 4, 1905..

G. H. PALLADY.

BROOM CORN 0R CORN HARVESTER.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 22, 1904.

PATENTED JULY L. 1905.

G. H. PALLADY.

BROOM CORN OR CORN HARVESTER.

APPLIUATION FILED SEPT. 22 190%.

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4 SHEBTSSHEBT 3.

5] i vuamfoz PATENTED JULY 4: 1905.

IE5: I: Q 1 7 wv 7 5:.. Q Nw n NM Nm BROOM CORN OR GORN HARVESTER.

APPLIUATION FILED SEPT. 22. 1904.

PATENTYED JULY 4. 1905.

G. H. PALQADY. BROOM CORN OR GORN HARVESTER.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 22, 1904.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

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Flo. 793,801.

Patented July it, 1905.

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GEORGE H. PALLADY,

OF ALLElt'lON, lOlVA.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 793,801, dated July 4., 1905. Application filed September 22, 1904;. Serial No. 225,495.

To all whom, it IN/(t y concern:

Be it known that l, Greener; ll. lanmnv, a citizen of the United titates, residing at Allerton, in the county of l/Vayne and State of lowa, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Broom-Corn or Corn Harvesters; and l: do declare the following; to be a full, clear, and exact description of the in 'vention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

My invention is an improved broom-corn harvester, adapted also for harvesting corn and other grain; and it consists in the construction, combination, and arrangement of devices hereinafter described and claimed.

One object of my invention is to provide a machine of this character with a verticallymovablc cutting apparatus which is vertically movable imlependel'itly of the main frame and may be adjusted to cut the grain at any height.

A further object of my invention is to provide a machine of this character with a vertically adjustalfle binding mechanism for binding the grain after it has been cut, and which binding mechanism is vertically movable independently of the main frame.

A further object of my invention is to provide a machine of this character with a vertically-adjustable cutting mechanism, a vertically-adjustable binding mechanism, and means to simultaneously raise or lower them.

A further object of my invention is to provide a machine of this character with vertically-adjustable feeders for feeding the standing grain to the cutting and binding mechanism.

in the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a self-binding broom-corn harvester embodying my improvements. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same, partly in section on the plane indicated by the line a a of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is partly a top plan view and partly a horizontal sectional view taken on the plane indicated by the line 7) 7/ of Fig. i. Fig. t is a detail perspective view showing the cutting apparatus, the grain-deck, and the feeders which carry the grain across the deck from the cutters to the binding mechanism.

Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view showing one of the cutter-feeders. Fig. 6 is a detail horizontal sectional view showing the construction of the grain-deck and arrangement of the shafts with reference thereto; and Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view of one of the cutter-feeders, taken on a plane at right angles to that of Fig. Figs. 8 and 9 are detail sectional views showing one of the shafts 31, the cutters 7'6, and the sprocket-wheels 78, which are vertically movable on said shafts.

The main frame 1 may be either of the form here shown or of any other suitable construc tion. The machine here shown is adapted for cutting two rows of broom-corn or other grain simultaneously, and the frame 1 thereof is provided with a pair of longitudinal runways 2 for the rows of grain,which runways are open at their front ends. On the opposite sides of the front ends of the runways the frame l is provided with shoes or dividers 3, which serve to direct the grain into the respective runways. and the said shoes have their upper rear portions provided with inclined upwardlyopening slots or recesses t. lit will be understood that if the machine is designed to out only one row of grain at a time the frame 1 thereof will be provided with only one runway and will be correspondingly modified in construction. The side portions 5 of the frame are provided with vertical arms 6,which rise from their upper sides and are provided with curved guideways '7. of the said guideways has a correspondingly curved rack 8.

A pair of supporting traction-wheels 9 have their shafts 10, which are independent of each other. provided at their ends with pinions 11, which are feathered or splined thereto and which pinions operate in the curved guideslots 7 and engage the racks 8. To the inner side of each wheel 9 is secured a sprocketwheel 12. Each shaft 10 has a bearing in a casing 13, in which is a worm-wheel 1-1, that is feathered or splined on the shaft. lllach worm-wheel is engaged by a worm 15 on a shaft 16, mounted in suitable bearings, as shown, and provided with a crank 17. 'lhe said cranleshafts, worms, and worm-wheels or gears operate to revolve the shafts l0, and

One side of each hence also the pinions 11, to cause the latter by coaction with the racks 8 to raise or lower the frame 1. No novelty is claimed herein for this means for raising and lowering the main frame, as such raising and lowering means is in use on the form of corn-harvesting machines known as the McOormick corn-harvester. For the same reason, also, the same is not more particularly described herein.

In the form of my invention here shown the main frame 1 is provided at its center with a rearwardly-extending push-pole 18, the rear portion of which is mounted on asupportingwheel 19, having a vertical steering-fork 20, provided with a tiller 21, whereby the machine may be directed in any desired direction. A platform 22 for the driver is supported on the rear end of the push-pole, as is also a seat 23. Braces 2a are shown, which connect the front portion of the push-pole to the rear corners of the frame 1, and to the push-pole is attached a doubletree 25, the latter having swingletrees 26, to which the draft-animals may be attached. I do not desire to limit myself to this means for propel- ,ling the machine, as the same may be adapted to be drawn by a team on one side of the machine and may be otherwise constructed within the scope of my invention.

The frame 1 is provided with suitable bearings 27 for transverse]y-disposed shafts 28, which extend across the rear portions of the runways, and each of which shafts is provided at its outer end with a sprocket-wheel 29, connected by an endless sprocket-chain 30 to one of the sprocket-wheels 12. On opposite sides of the runways, at the rear ends thereof, are the vertically-disposed shafts 31, which are mounted in suitable bearings, (shown at 32 and The lower ends of the said vertical shafts are geared to the shafts 28 by means of miter-gears 34, and the said shafts 31 are revolved in opposite directions, the arrangement of the miter-gears, which causes said reverse rotation of said shafts, being shown in Fig. 3. One of said shafts 31 is provided with a s1i)rocl et-wheel 35. At the center of the frame 1, near the rear end thereof, is mounted a vertical binder-shaft 36, its bearings being shown at 37 and 38. The said binder-shaft is provided with a sprocketwheel 39, which is connected by an endless sprocket-chain 10 to the sprocket-wheel 35. Hence the binder-shaft is rotated when the machine is in motion, as will be understood. A short longitudinally-disposed shaft 41 is journaled in a bearing 42, which is centrally disposed on the rear side of the frame 1. Said shaft has its front end geared to the binder-shaft 36 by a pair of miter-gears 43 and is provided at its rear end with a sprocketwheel 4 1.

From one side of the push-pole, at the front end thereof, project a pair of bearings or bearing-brackets 45, which also rise from the pushpole and-in which is journaled the shaft 46 of a roller 17. The front end of the said shaft has a sprocket-wheel &8, which is connected by an endless sprocket-chain 19 to the sprocketwheel 14. Hence the said roller is also driven when the machine is in operation, as will be understood. A conveyer 50 has its frame 51 pivotally mounted on the said shaft &6. The outer roller 52 of the said conveyer is mounted in and carried by the said frame, and the endless traveling conveyer belt or apron 53 connects the rollers 52 and 17 and is driven by the latter so that its upper lead moves outwardly, as indicated by the arrow in Fig. 3. This conveyer serves to discharge the bundles of bound grain to one side of the Inachine and in a suitable vehicle to be driven alongside the machine when the latter is in operation, the conveyer being so disposed as to discharge the bound bundles directly into the said vehicle. Any suitable means may within the scope of my invention be employed to raise or lower the outer end of the conveyer. I here show a rope 5 .2 and a pulley 55 for this purpose.

On opposite sides of the runways are upper and lower guide-boards 56 57, which have their front ends connected together by frames 58. Supporting-frames 59, which rise from the frame 1, serve to support the said guide boards and frames 58, the latter being slidably connected to said supporting-frame. For the purposes of this specification I show the supporting-frames 59 provided with vertical guide-slots 60 and the said frames 58 provided with guide-bolts 61, which operate in said guide-slots, and hence adapt the said frames 58 to be adjusted vertically. Any suitable connection may be employed in lieu of said guide slots and bolts, and I do not desire to limit myself in this particular.

The lower front ends of the frames 58 are socketed in the recesses or sockets 4 of the shoes or dividers 3, and hence the said frames are telescopically or slidably connected to the said shoes or dividers to permit of the vertical adjustment of said frame, the guideboards, and the cutter-feeders, which I will now describe.

On the vertical shafts 31, driven thereby and vertically adjustable thereon,are sprocketwheels 62. As here shown, the shafts 62 have angular portions engaged by the said sprocketwheels to enable the latter to be vertically adjusted. Other suitable means may, however, be employed to adjustably connect the sprocket-wheels to. the shafts, and I do not limit myself in this particular. The lower guide-boards 57 are provided near their outer ends with substantially horizontal and transversely-disposed sprocket-wheels 63, which are suitably mounted thereon, and at points near the rear ends of said guide-boards 57 are direction-rollers 64, the shafts of which are ting mechanism, a vertically-movable binding mechanism, and means to simultaneously raise or lower said cutting mechanism and binding mechanism independently of the main frame.

A harvester of the class described having a main frame, a cutting mechanism, a binding mechanism and a feeding mechanism, said cutting mechanism, binding mechanism and feeding mechanism being vertically movable independently of the main frame and means to simultaneously raise or lower said cutting, binding and feeding mechanisms.

4. A harvester of the class described having a main frame, a grain-deck vertically movable independently of the main frame, cutting mechanism, binding mechanism and feeding mechanism to convey the grain from the cutting mechanism to the binding mechanism, said. cutting mechanism, binding mechanism and feeding mechanism being vertically movable with the vertically-movablc grain-deck lllt'lOpOlHlGHblX of the main frame.

A harvester of the class described having dividing-shoes, feeders to feed the standing stalks to the cutting mechanism, and ver' tically-movable frames carrying the feeders and having members slidabl y connected to the said dividing-shoes.

6. A harvester of the class described having a vertical binder-shaft, a frame vertically movable thereon, abinding mechanism carried by the frame, vertical shafts 31, cutters driven by and vertically movable on said shafts, the said frame being also connected to and verti ally movable on said shafts, feeders for the cutters connected to and vertically adjustable on said shafts, and feeders for the binding mechanism also connected to and vertically movable on said shafts, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing \vitnesscs.

GEORGE H. PALLADY.

\Vitnesscs:

E. A. Rm, Vi". H 'l r: 1 mow.

US793801A 1904-09-22 1904-09-22 Broom-corn or corn harvester. Expired - Lifetime US793801A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2500040A (en) * 1943-06-10 1950-03-07 Int Harvester Co Tractor mounted corn binder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2500040A (en) * 1943-06-10 1950-03-07 Int Harvester Co Tractor mounted corn binder

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