US782428A - Release-hinge. - Google Patents

Release-hinge. Download PDF

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Publication number
US782428A
US782428A US20800104A US1904208001A US782428A US 782428 A US782428 A US 782428A US 20800104 A US20800104 A US 20800104A US 1904208001 A US1904208001 A US 1904208001A US 782428 A US782428 A US 782428A
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United States
Prior art keywords
door
hinge
casing
edge
lugs
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Expired - Lifetime
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US20800104A
Inventor
Robert D Struble
John J Cain
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Robert D Struble
John J Cain
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Application filed by Robert D Struble, John J Cain filed Critical Robert D Struble
Priority to US20800104A priority Critical patent/US782428A/en
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Publication of US782428A publication Critical patent/US782428A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/10Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis
    • E05D7/1061Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis in a radial direction
    • E05D7/1066Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis in a radial direction requiring a specific angular position
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/535Hinge having means to facilitate assembly and disassembly of hinge sections to join or disjoin hinged members
    • Y10T16/536Separation of pivotal contacting surfaces
    • Y10T16/53615Hook and pin

Description

No. 782,428. PATENTED PEB. 14, 1,905.

R. D. STRUBLE a J. J. GAIN.

RELEASE HINGE.

APPLIOATION 1 1111111111111111 v EEEEEEEEEEEEE 1.

QA/QK I *n www EATENTEE EEE. 14, 1905. E. D. STEUBLE & LJ. GAIN.

A. RELEASE HINGE.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 14. 1904. v l

2 SHEETS-@HEBT 2.

UNITED `STATES Patented February 14,1905. i

PATENT QEEICE.

ROBERT D.` STRBLE AND JOHN J. GAIN, OF PHILADELPHIA,

` PENNSYLVANIA. v

RELEASE-HINGE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 782,428, cIated'February 14, 1905.

' Application sied nav 14,1904. serial ne. 208,001.

To ML whom t may concern.:l

Be it known that we, ROBERT D. STRUBLE and JOHN J. GAIN, citizens of the United States,

residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Release-Hinges; and we do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

This invention relates'to new and useful improvements in hinges; and the 'object of the invention is to generally improve upon and simplify the constructionof hinge upon which we have been granted Letters Patent in the United States, No. 7 50,908, dated February 2, 1904, for swinging a door along either of its opposite vertical edges; and it consists in the provision of hinge members which are adapted to be fastened to the opening of a door and provided with oppositely -disposed lugs eX- tending into recesses intermediate projections 1 of the hinge members and adapted to engage slotted hinge members fixedto a swinging door or window, and in the provision of a latch upon each side of the door between the pairs of hinges. Y y

The invention consists, further, in various details of construction and in combinations and arrangements of parts, as will be hereinafter fully described and then specifically defined in the appended claims.

Our invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which, with the letters of reference marked thereon, form a part of this application.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a plan viewV plate sections adapted to be fastened to the inner facing of the casing, preferably countersunk therein, and projecting from one edge of said hinge-sections are arms C C at the ends thereof, and an intermediate arm D, with spaces intermediate said central arm D and the end arms C C, as shown in thedrawings. Projecting in opposite directions from the central armD are the lugs EE, which extend into the spaces intermediate the arms,

lof, and upon the door H arefastened four hinge-plate sections, (designatedin the draw.,-

ings by letter IQ) which are preferably countersunk in the opposite edges of the door, so as to be iiush therewith, and projecting from each plate K are two socket members K', which are spaced apart, and each has a recess 7e, leading into the hollow or socket portion'of each arm, said recess opening from the inner face thereof. The wall of each socket member is concaved and is of such a shape as to receive said lugs upon the hinge-plate'sections which are fastened to the casing, and the outer marginal portions of said lugs K are preferably convexed in order to turn freely between the arms of the hinge-plate sections upon the casing of the door. Y Intermediate each pair of hinge-plate sections K, upon each edge of the door, is a spring-actuated latch O, each may be of anyv construction, and upon which side of the casing of the door or window is as socket member P, adapted to engage and hold the spring-actuated latch.

From the construction shown it will be observed that as the recesses leading into the socket members upon the door open in a plane parallel with the edges of the door the latter must be held in a plane parallel to the face of the casing when the hinge-plate sections are to be interlocked, and as the door is closed within the casing the spring-actuated latches, one upon each side of the door, will engage the plates upon the casing and hold. the door or window locked. As it is necessary to hold the door parallel with the casing when interlocking the sections, obviously itis necessary to move both of the edges of the door away from the casing, keeping the edges in the same parallel plane. When it is desired to swing one longitudinal edge or the other of the door, the latch upon the edge which is to swing is withdrawn from the plate upon the casing, which leaves the edge of the door thus released to swing. rIhe moment the door begins to open the latch on the opposite or hinged side engaging the adjacent plate upon the casing serves to hold the hinged edge from being released from the hinge-plates upon the casing until the door has swung sufficiently outward so that the walls of the socket member will prevent the hingeplate sections from being disconnected. Either of the opposite edges of the door may be swung open by releasing the latch upon the edge of the door which is to swing, while the other latch assists in holding the door during its partial swinging movement, as described. It will thus be seen that the catch O will bear against the plate upon the frame of the doorway as the opposite edge of the door swings, and the projecting of said latch and its contact with said plate serves to prevent* the hinges upon the door disengaging the fixed hinges upon which they turn momentarily as the door starts to swing open. When it is desired to remove the door from the casing, both of the latches are operated so as to become disengaged from the plates upon the casing, and the door may be readily withdrawn from the casing when vboth of the opposite edges of the door are moved away from the casing simultaneously.

By the provision of a hinge mechanism as shown and described it will be observed that asimple and efficient means is provided whereby a door may be readily swung from either of its vertical edges to avoid obstructions placed along one or the other of the edges thereof.

While we have illustrated a particular detailed construction of our hinge mechanism for allowing doors or windows to swing from either of the vertical edges thereof, it will be understood that we may vary the construction lof the same, if desired, without in any way posite verticaledges thereof and having socket members, spaced apart, thereon adapted to receive said lugs to form hinge-pintles, and fastening means intermediate the hinge-plate sections along each vertical edge of the door or window, as set forth.

2. In combination with the casing of a window or door, hinge-plate sections fastened thereto and provided with laterally-projecting arms which are spaced apart, lugs projecting in opposite directions from the intermediate of said arms, adoor or window, a hinge-plate section secured to the opposite vertical edges thereof and provided with socket members, spaced apart, with recesses entering said socket members and adapted to receive said lugs which form hinge-pintles, a latch adjacent to each vertical edge of the door or window, and means upon the casing for engaging said latches, whereby the hinge-plate sections are held in interlocked relation while one edge of the door swings, as set forth.

3. In combination with the casing of a door or window, hinge plate sections fastened thereto and having laterally-projecting arms, spaced apart, lugs projecting in opposite directions from the intermediate of said arms, each of said lugs having a corresponding flat and a conveXed surface, a door or window, hinge-plate sections fastened thereto and each provided with socket members spaced apart, withy recesses opening from the inner side of said socket members adapted to receive said lugs which serve as pintles, and a latch adjacent to each vertical edge of the door, and means upon the casing adjacent to said latches for engagement with the latter, as set forth.

In testimony whereof we hereunto affix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.

ROBERT I). STRUBLE. JOHN J GAIN.

Witnesses SAMUEL TAI'r, SIEGFRIED STEIN.

IOO

US20800104A 1904-05-14 1904-05-14 Release-hinge. Expired - Lifetime US782428A (en)

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US20800104A US782428A (en) 1904-05-14 1904-05-14 Release-hinge.

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2790992A (en) * 1954-08-11 1957-05-07 Walter E Schirmer Hinge construction
US4603452A (en) * 1985-01-22 1986-08-05 General Dynamics Corporation Detachable hinge with conveniently releasable hinge flaps
WO1988008247A1 (en) * 1987-04-27 1988-11-03 Torild Eriksson A device for capturing small animals
US5070577A (en) * 1990-02-09 1991-12-10 World Container Corporation Seperable hinge
US5269046A (en) * 1991-10-29 1993-12-14 Southern Case, Inc. Hinge for molded plastic case
US20120096677A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-26 Jung-Yung Ho Style of safety door hinge design
US20150269914A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Keyboard device and keyboard instrument
US20150300063A1 (en) * 2012-11-29 2015-10-22 Nifco Inc. Hinge structure

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2790992A (en) * 1954-08-11 1957-05-07 Walter E Schirmer Hinge construction
US4603452A (en) * 1985-01-22 1986-08-05 General Dynamics Corporation Detachable hinge with conveniently releasable hinge flaps
WO1988008247A1 (en) * 1987-04-27 1988-11-03 Torild Eriksson A device for capturing small animals
US5070577A (en) * 1990-02-09 1991-12-10 World Container Corporation Seperable hinge
US5269046A (en) * 1991-10-29 1993-12-14 Southern Case, Inc. Hinge for molded plastic case
US20120096677A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-26 Jung-Yung Ho Style of safety door hinge design
US20150300063A1 (en) * 2012-11-29 2015-10-22 Nifco Inc. Hinge structure
US9260898B2 (en) * 2012-11-29 2016-02-16 Nifco Inc. Hinge structure
US20150269914A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Keyboard device and keyboard instrument
US9495940B2 (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-11-15 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Keyboard device and keyboard instrument

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